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# 5.MD.

## 2/3/4/5 (Volume, Line Plots)

5.MD.2: Line Plots
1. Toni measured the heights of the seedlings she was
growing. She made a line plot to record the data:
inch (2 seedlings), 5/8 inch (2 seedlings), inch (4
seedlings), 7/8 inch (2 seedlings). What was the total
growth in inches of Tonis seedlings? Create a line plot to
show working, and explain how you calculated the total.
What was the average height, in inches of the seedlings
that Toni measured? (Add the fraction of all the seedlings,
then, divide that total by the total number of seedlings).

## 2. Use the data set to make a

line plot: (2/4, , 1, , , , ,
, , , 1, 5/8)
-How many numbers on the line
plot are greater than 5/8?
-Redistribute the numbers
evenly on the line plot by finding

numbers.

## Line Plot: display of responses along

a number line with Xs recorded above
the responses to indicate the number
of times a response occurred.

## 1. The data set lists the amount

of water in cups in 14 vases:
(7/8, , 1, , , 1/8, 5/8, 1, ,
1, , , 1 1/8, 1 ). Make a line
plot and examine the data.
-How many vases have less than
cup of water?
-How many vases have at least
cup of water?
-What is the average/mean of
the amount of water?

## 2. Mr. Daunte has a bag of almonds. The line plot shows

the weight of the almonds. (0, 1/8-x, -2x, 3/8-2x, -2x,
5/8, -x, 7/8-x, 1-x, 1 1/8, 1 ,).
Mr. Daunte wants to redistribute the almonds so that
each bag weighs the same. What will be the weight of
each bag?
-Complete this expression for the total weight of the
almonds.
1/8 + 2 x ____ + 2 x ______ 2 x ______ + + 7/8 + 1.

## -Evaluate the expression. Show your work.

-Divide the total weight by the 10 bags. Give the answer
as a fraction. When the almonds are redistributed equally
among 10 bags, the weight of each bag will be____
pound(s).
1. Tray is buying property where he can build new houses.
The line plot shows the sizes of the lots for each house.
acre (6 house lots), 1/3 acre (4 house lots), acre (3
house lots).
How many acres does Tray buy? Create a line plot to
show working, and explain how you calculated the total.
What is the average size of the lots? (Add the fractions of
all the house lots, then, divide that total by the number of
house lots).
2. A tailor measures patches of fabric. The line plot shows
his measurements. He wants to make a patchwork jacket,
which requires 3 7/8yards of fabric. Does the tailor have
enough fabric to make the jacket? If so, which fabric is
left over? If not, how much additional fabric does he
need?
(0, 1/8, , 3/8-x, -3x, 5/8, -2x, 7/8, 1-x, 1 1/8, 1 )

## 1. A painter measures the amount of paint in gallons left

in 5 cans: , , 1, , . She wants to combine all the
paint and pour it into the fewest number of cans possible.
Each can holds a maximum of one gallon of paint. Make a

line plot to show the data. How many cans of paint will
she need?
2. A baker needs 7 1/8pounds of strawberries for the
week. One shipment includes 8 baskets weighing the
recorded pounds listed:
(7/8, 1, 5/8, , 1, , , 7/8).
He gives away the baskets of strawberries that weigh less
than pound. With the remaining baskets, will he have
enough for the week? If so, how many pounds will he
have left over? If not, how many additional pounds will he
need? Create a line plot to show your work.
5.MD.3, 4, 5
1. Quinton wants to build a toy box with a volume of 16 cubic
feet. What could the dimensions be?
2. A rectangular prism measures 9 cm long, 6 cm high, and 4
cm wide. What is the volume of the rectangular prism?
3. Janelles jewelry box is 8 inches long, 6 inches wide, and 5
inches tall. Which expression shows how to determine the
volume of Janelles jewelry box?
A. (6 8) + 5
B. (6 8) 5
C. (6 + 8) 5
D. (6 + 8) + 5
4. Timothy has a rectangular swimming pool that measures 12
feet long, 8 feet wide, and 5 feet deep. How much water does
Timothys pool hold? 480 ft

## 5. A crate is 4 feet in length, 2 feet in height, and has a

volume of 24 cubic feet. What is the width of the crate? 3 ft
1. Kenneth has some cubes that are 1 cubic inch. He wants to
put them in three boxes that are each 2 inches wide, 3 inches
long, and 4 inches tall. What is the total number of cubes
Kenneth can fit into the three boxes?
2. The bottom of Taylors sandbox is 12 square feet. The
sandbox is 2 feet deep. How much sand will Taylors sandbox
hold?
3. Jamie places twenty 1-inch cubes in the bottom of a
box as shown in the diagram below. She adds 4 more
layers of the same number of cubes to completely fill the
box.

## What is the volume of the box?

4. Harrys snake lives in a tank that is 4 feet long, 2 feet wide,
and 3 feet tall. What is the volume of the tank?
5. What is the volume of a box with the dimensions 12 inches
4 inches 8 inches?
1. The fish tank in the library is 6 feet long, 3 feet wide, and
2 feet deep. What is the volume of the fish tank?

## 2. Jennifer used 18 unit cubes to build a right rectangular

prism. The prism was 2 units high. How many cubes did she use
to build the base?
3. Jessica built a birdhouse that was 8 inches high, 6 inches
wide, and 5 inches long. What is the volume of the birdhouse?
10. Kristen keeps paper clips in a box that is the shape of
a cube. Each edge of the cube is 3 inches. What is the
volume of the cube?
4. Dan used 30 unit cubes to build a right rectangular prism.
He used 6 of the 30 cubes to build the base. How tall was the
prism?
5. Juan made two right rectangular prisms with unit cubes.
The prisms each measured 3 units wide, 4 units long, and 5
units tall. What is the total volume of both figures?
1. A carpenter is putting 2 new countertops in a kitchen. The
first piece measures 2 inches in height, 60 inches in length,
and 25 inches in width. The second piece measures 2 inches in
height, 40 inches in length, and 25 inches in width. What is
the total volume of both countertops?
2. Sam connected 3 identical small boxes together to make
one big box. Each small box was 4 feet high, 3 feet wide, and
2 feet deep. What is the volume of the big box?
3. Smartville built a new snack stand at the baseball field. The
construction crew dug a square hole 49 feet long on each side.

The hole was 15 feet deep. How much dirt did the crew
remove from the hole?
4. Josephs hamster cage measured 25 in. long, 10 in. high, and
9 in. wide. He added another section that measured 6 in. long,
4 in. wide, and 5 in. tall. What is the total volume of the
hamster cage?
5. Staceys bookshelf measures 48 in. high, 36 in. long, and 24
in. wide. Her brothers bookshelf is half as high, half as long,
and half as wide. What is the volume of her brothers
bookshelf?
5. Dian used more than one unit cube to build a figure.
When she traced around the figure, she drew a square.
What is the least number of unit cubes she could have
used?
6. A carton can hold 1,000 unit cubes that measure 1 inch
by 1 inch by inch. Describe the dimensions of the carton
using unit cubes.
7. Peter uses unit cubes to build a figure in the shape of
the letter X. What is the fewest unit cubes that Peter can
use to build the figure?
8. A manufacturer ships its product in boxes with edge
lengths of 4 inches. If 12 boxes are put in a carton and
completely fill the carton, what is the volume of the
carton?

## 9. A jeweler received a carton of boxes packed with gift

boxes. The gift boxes were 2 inches long on each edge. If
12 boxes completely fill the carton, what is the volume of
the carton?
10. Kristen keeps paper clips in a box that is the shape of
a cube. Each edge of the cube is 3 inches. What is the
volume of the cube?

## 5.NBT (Place Value, Decimals, Powers of 10)

5.NBT.1: Understanding Place Value (x10, 10)

## 3. Which number has a value

that is 1,000 greater than five
hundred three thousand, fiftytwo and two thousandths?

## 3. Which number has a value that is 1,000 greater than

six hundred four thousand, seventy-two and nine
thousandths?
3. Brenda said that 7.630 is equivalent to 7.63000. Connie said
that 7.63000 is bigger than 7.630. Who is correct? Why?
4. The number 372, 916.543 has two 3s. Why does each 3
have a different value? How much greater is the 9 than the
6? How many times greater is the 6 than the 5?
5. a x b = 4,000. If a and b are two digit multiples of 10, what
numbers could a and b represent? How many times greater is
the 4 than the second zero?
1. Brad lives 1,000 times as far away from Dallas as Stacy. If
Stacy lives 44 miles from Dallas, how many miles from Dallas
does Brad live? Explain the new values of each digit after
finding the product.

## 2. Why does 3,600 6 have the same quotient as 36,000

60? Explain the value of each digit after finding the quotient.
3. Determine whether each statement is true or false.
true or false 5,000 is 100 times the value of 50.
true or false 6,000 is equal to 60 x 10 x 10.
true or false 9,000 is 100 times 90.
true or false 80 is equal to 8,000 100.
true or false 7,000 is 100 times the size of 70.

## 1. Which statement is true?

A. The value of 7 in 3,728,594 is 1/10 the value of the 7 in
8,175,392.
B. The value of the 5 in 3,428,795 is ten times as much as
the value of the 5 in 8,143,752
C. The value of the 6 in 3,428,679 is 1/10 the value of the
6 in 8,146,792
7. Which statement is true?
A. The value of the 5 in 3.65 is 1/10 the value of 5 in
2.59.
B. The value of the 5 in 2.59 is 1/10 the value of the 5 in
3.65.
C. The value of the 5 in 3.65 is the same as the value of
the 5 in 2.59.
D. The value of the 5 in 3.65 is 10 times as much as the
value of the 5 in 2.59.

## 5.NBT.2: (Powers of 10/Exponents)

1. Suppose that a plane travels about 25,000 miles to go
around the world. Which expression shows how many miles it
would take a plane to go around the world 4 times?
A. 2.5 10
B. 25 104
C. 4(2.5 104)
D. 4(25 104)
2. A red blood cell measures 7.5 10 millimeters. Which is
another way to represent the measurement of a red blood cell
in standard form?
3. Which is equivalent to 3.6 10?
A. 36
B. 360
C. 3,600
4. Mike has between 9,500 and 10,500 stamps. Which could
represent the number of stamps Mike has?
A. 106
B. 105
C. 104
D. 10
5. Which expression is equivalent to 2.5 10?
A. 2.5 20
B. 2.5 100
C. 2.5 20

D. 2.5 100
1. Write the answer in standard form: 9 10?
15. A falcon can fly at a speed of 200 mph. The
speed of a spaceship is 12 x 10 times as fast as
the speed of a falcon. What is the speed of the
spaceship?
16. A refrigerator contains 4,000 packages of fish.
Each package contains 30 fish. Which of the
following could be used to find the total number of
fish the refrigerator contains?
A. (4 x 3) x 10 = 1,200
B. (4 x 3) x 10 = 12,000
C. (4 x 3) x 10 = 120,000
D. (4 x 3) x 10 = 1,200,000
2. The community is raising funds to build homes for those
who lost their homes in a nearby town due to a flood. It has
raised 12 10 to the 4th power in dollars. Which is another
way to write this amount?
A. 0.12 \$1,000,000
B. 1.2 \$10,000
C. 1.2 \$1,000
D. 12 \$1,000
3. Karens grandmother lives 2.9 10 miles away. How many
miles away does Karens grandmother live, in standard form?

## 4. Greta earned \$175.00. Heidi earned 10 times what Greta

earned. How much did Heidi earn?
5. The distance from Raleigh, NC to Moscow, Russia is about
5.1 10 miles. Which is another way to write this distance in
standard form?
1. Suppose that a plane travels about 25,000 miles to go
around the world. Which expression shows how many miles it
would take a plane to go around the world 4 times?
A. 2.5 10 to the 4th power
B. 25 10 to the 4th power
C. 4(2.5 10 to the 4th power)
D. 4(25 10 to the 4th power)
2. A red blood cell measures 7.5 10 millimeters. Which is
another way to represent the measurement of a red blood cell
in standard form, expanded form and word form?
10. What is the quotient of 543.671 10?
A. 5.43671
B. 54.3671
C. 5,436.71
D. 543,671
11. What is another way to write 6.8 x 10 to the 8th
power in miles?
A. 6,800,000
B. 68,000,000
C. 680,000,000
D. 6,800 000,000
12. Which results in 72,500?

A. 7.25 x 10
B. 7.25 10
C. 7.25 x 10 to the 4th power
D. 7.25 10 to the 4th power
13. Which expression is equal to 7,500 10?
A. 7,500 100
B. 7,500 10
C. 7,500 x 100
D. 7,500 x 10
3. Write the standard form, word form, and expanded after
finding the product of the following: 3.6 10?
4. Mike has between 95,000 and 105,000 stamps. Which could
represent the number of stamps Mike has?
A. 10 to the 6th power
B. 10 to the 5th power
C. 10 to the 4th power
D. 10 to the 7th power
5. Write the standard from, expanded form, and word form
that are equivalent to the product 2.5 10?
1. Write the standard form, word form and expanded form
that are equivalent to the product of 9.83 10?
2. The community is raising funds to build homes for those
who lost their homes in a nearby town due to a flood. It has
raised 12 10 to the 4th power in dollars. Which is another
way to write this amount?

## 3. Karens grandmother lives 2.9 10 miles away. How many

miles away does Karens grandmother live? Write the product
in standard form, word form and expanded form.
4. Greta earned \$175.00. Heidi earned 10 times what Greta
earned. How much did Heidi earn? Write answer in word form,
standard form and expanded form.
5. The distance from Raleigh, NC to Moscow, Russia is about
5.1 10 miles. Write the product of this distance, in word
form, expanded form and standard form
5.NBT.3: (Place Value: Expanded, Standard, Word
Form, Comparing)
1. Mrs. Crosbys investments have a value of
\$387,004.123. How is this number written in word form?
Expanded form?
2. What is the standard form of the number that contains exactly
six hundred and nine thousandths?
4. David wrote 286.974 in expanded form. What did
David write?
A. (2 100) + (8 10) + (6 1) + (9 1/10) +
(7 1/100) + (4 1/1000)
B. (2 100) + (8 10) + (6 1) + (9 10) + (7
100) + (4 1,000)
C. (2 100) + (8 10) + (6 1) + (9 1/1) +
(7 1/10) + (4 1/100)

D. (2 100) + (8 10) + (6 1) + (9 1) +
(7 1/10) + (4 1/100)
5. How can Juan write the number below using fractions?
(8 1,000) + (4 10) + (3 0.1) + (2 0.001)
A. (8 1,000) + (4 10) + (3 1/1) + (2 1/100)
B. (8 1,000) + (4 10) + (3 1/10) + (2 1/100)
C. (8 1,000) + (4 10) + (3 1/10) + (2
1/1000)
D. (8 1,000) + (4 10) + (3 1/100) + (2
1/100)
1. Mr. Fretts investments have a value of \$597,624.319.
How is this number written in word form? Expanded
form?
What is the value of the underlined digit?
2. What is the standard form of the number that contains exactly
five hundred eight thousandths? Write out the correct answer in
word form and expanded form.
A.

0.85

B.

0.58

C. 0.508
D. 0.058

## 3. Which number has a value that is 1,000 greater than

six hundred four thousand, seventy-two and nine
thousandths?
4. Carmen wrote 376.582 in expanded form. What did
Carmen write? Show at least two different ways to write
this number in expanded form.
5. How can Dave write the number below in expanded
form using fractions? How can he write the number in
word form and standard form?
(9 1,000) + (5 10) + (6 0.1) + (3 0.001)
1. Which number is greater than six tenths?
A. 0.007
B. 0.085
C. 0.62
2. Which number is between 3.02 and 3.04?
A. 3.00
B. 3.20
C. 3.03
D. 3.35
3. Kim finished the 100-meter dash in 10.29 seconds.
Which time is faster than Kims?
A. 10.295 seconds
B. 10.029 seconds
C. 10.92 seconds
D. 10.32 seconds
14. A number with an underlined digit is shown.
76.02

## Which shows a value that is ten times the value of

the underlined digit?
A. 0.002
B. 0.02
C. 0.2
D. 2
4. Three students ran in a race. Mary completes the race
in 12.356 minutes. Chris completes the race in 12.323
minutes. Abdul completes the race in 12.325 minutes.
Who finished in the shortest amount of time?
A. Abdul
B. Chris
C. Mary
5. Jos, Chris, Tony, and Susan rode in a bike race. Jos
finished in 5.3 minutes. Chris finished in 5.02 minutes.
Tony finished in 5.32 minutes. Susan finished in 5.203
minutes. Who won the race?
A. Jos
B. Chris
C. Tony
D. Susan
1. Susans time for the 200-meter dash was 31.267 seconds.
Marias time for the 200-meter dash was two hundredths of a
second slower than Susans. What was Marias time?
A.
B.
C.
D.

31.247 seconds
31.287 seconds
31.269 seconds
231.267 seconds

## 2. Which number is less than six hundred fifty thousand and

thirty-two thousandths?
A.
B.
C.
D.

650,000.009
650,000.320
650,000.609
650,000.920

## 3. Joe finished the 50-yard dash at a track meet with a time

of 32.73 seconds. Leigh finished the same race in 32.37
seconds. Which shows the correct comparison between Joe
and Leighs times?
A.
B.
C.
D.

32.73
32.73
32.73
32.37

>
<
=
>

32.37
32.37
32.37
32.73

A.
B.
C.
D.

214,779.2
214,779.022
214,779.02
214,779.019

## 5. Tanyas pet snake is 3.7 meters long. Sams pet snake is

3.75 meters long. Olivias pet snake is 3.07 meters long. Which
expression correctly compares the lengths of the snakes?
A. 3.07 > 3.75 > 3.7

## B. 3.7 > 3.07 > 3.75

C. 3.7 > 3.75 > 3.07
D. 3.75 > 3.7 > 3.07
2. Buenaventura, Colombia is the wettest inhabited place in
the world. If it rained one hundredth more meter than the
recorded annual rainfall of 6.743, what would be the new
recorded annual rainfall?
8. Which shows three thousand six hundred and one and
thirty-five hundredths written as a number?
A. 3,601.035
B. 3,601.35
C. 36,135
D. 360,135
3. Sue planted four bushes. The heights of the bushes were:
4.7 ft., 4.098 ft., 4.12 ft., and 4.735ft. Order the bushes
from tallest to shortest.
4. If 3 were added to the digit in the thousandths place in
3,420.536, what would the new number be?

## 5. A. Use each digit once to make the comparisons true. Use 1,

2, and 3
__ . __ 5 < 1. __ 1

## B. Use each digit once to make the comparisons true. Use 0, 4,

and 1
__ . 3 __ 9 0.36 __
1. Marys object weighs 659.238 grams. Marthas object
weighs 3 tenths more than Marys object. What is the
weight of Marthas object?
2. An American cockroach measures 3.576 cm. An
Oriental cockroach measures 3.432 cm. An Australian
cockroach measures 3.582 cm. A Madeira cockroach
measured 3.438 cm long. If you are ordering cockroaches
from least to greatest, between which two cockroaches
3. The circumference of a bowling ball is less than 27.002
inches. Which of the following numbers is less than
27.002?
A. 27.02
B. 27.2
C. 27.004
D. 27
4. Lead melts at 327.46 degrees Celsius. What is the
value of the 6 in 327.46?
5. In a list of numbers, the pattern increases by 0.001 as
you move to the right. If the third number in the list is
0.064, what is the first number in the list? Explain how
you know.

## 1. In a recent U.S. Census, the population of Illinois was

12,419,293. What is this population after:
A. an increase of 100,000
B. an increase of 1,000,000
C. a decrease of 10,000
2. A number is greater than 800,000,000 but less than
801,000,000. Which digit is in the millions place? Write 3
numbers that are greater than 800,000,000 but less than
801,000,000.
3. Brenda said that 7.630 is equivalent to 7.63000. Connie said
that 7.63000 is bigger than 7.630. Who is correct? Why?
Which digit has the greater value in the number 7.63? 6 or 3?
By how much is the one digit greater than the other? Explain.
6. Which is another form of two hundred forty-seven
thousandths?
A. 0.00247
B. 0.0247
C. 0.247
D. 247,000
7. Use the following numbers: 9, 5, 2, 0, 2, 1, 3
-What is the largest odd number you can make?
-What is the value of the three in that number?

## -What is that number rounded to the nearest hundred

thousand?
5.NBT.4: (Rounding Whole #s/Decimals)
1. A number was rounded to 682.84. Which of these would
represent the original number?
A.
B.
C.
D.

682.833
682.838
682.848
682.941

## 2. Four friends recorded how long it took each of them to run

one lap around the track at their school.
Student Time (seconds)
Robin
59.06
Desiree 59.16
Chase
59.006
Paul
59.016
When rounded to the nearest tenth, who made it around the
A. Robin
B. Desiree
C. Chase
D. Paul
3. When rounded to the nearest hundredth, which number has
the greatest value?
A. 98,765.569

B. 98,765.561
C. 98,765.555
D. 98,675.569
4. Which number has a value closest to 8?
A.
B.
C.
D.

8.5
7.9
8.199
7.040

## 5. The Capitol building of North Carolina was completed in

1840 at a cost of \$532,682.34. What is this amount rounded
to the nearest ten?
A.
B.
C.
D.

\$532,670
\$532,680
\$532,681
\$532,690

## 1. Cassidy needs eighty-five hundredths of an ounce of small

rocks to put in the bottom of her fish tank. Which amount
would give Cassidy enough to fill the bottom of her fish tank?
A.
B.
C.
D.

0.83 ounce
0.79 ounce
0.805 ounce
0.86 ounce

## 2. Chris bought 6 bottled drinks for \$0.98 each. He also

bought 3 bags of chips for \$3.36 each. About how much did all
of the items cost?
A. \$6
B. \$9
C. \$15
3. An African Watusi steers horn measures 95.25 cm around.
What is 95.25 when rounded to the nearest tenth? Nearest
whole number? Nearest ten?
4. Ians homework problem asks him to round 324.567 to the
nearest hundredths place. Between what two numbers does
Ian need to place 324.567, before he is able to round?
A.
B.
C.
D.

## 324.5 and 324.6

324.55 and 234.56
324.56 and 324.57
324.567 and 324.568

## When rounded to the nearest hundredth, the number is

3.84.
Which could be Tammys number?
A. 3.784
B. 3.839
C. 3.849

D. 3.851
1. Mike wants to round 0.27 to the nearest number
shown on the number line below. Which number on the
number line is closest to 0.27?

## 2. Which choice would give the answer of 146.82?

A. Round 146.821 to nearest ten.
B. Round 146.821 to the nearest tenth.
C. Round 146.821 to the nearest hundredth.
D. Round 146.821 to the nearest ones place.
3. When rounded to the nearest tenth, which is closest to 30?
A. 29.15
B. 29.12
C. 29.08
D. 29.006
4. Ryans homework problem asks him to round 324.578 to the
nearest hundredths place. Between what two numbers does
Ryan need to place 324.578, before he is able to round?
A. 324.6 and 324.7
B. 324.57 and 234.58
C. 324.57 and 324.58
D. 324.578 and 324.579

## When rounded to the nearest hundredth, the number is

4.84.
Which could be Tammys number?
A.
B.
C.
D.

4.784
4.839
4.849
4.851

## 1. A number was rounded to 975.63. Which of these would

represent the original number?
A. 975.633
B. 975.563
C. 975.976
D. 975.638
2. Four friends recorded how long it took each of them to run
one lap around the track at their school.
Student Time (seconds)
Robin
58.36
Desiree 58.46
Chase
58.036
Paul
58.046
When rounded to the nearest tenth, who made it around the
track in about 58. 4 seconds?
A. Robin

B. Desiree
C. Chase
D. Paul
3. When rounded to the nearest hundredth, which number has
the greatest value?
A. 98,765.579
B. 98,765.571
C. 98,765.565
D. 98,675.579
4. Which number has a value closest to 9?
A. 9.5
B. 8.9
C. 9.163
D. 8.040
5. The Capitol building of North Carolina was completed in
1840 at a cost of \$532,692.34. What is this amount rounded
to the nearest ten?
A.
B.
C.
D.

\$532,680.40
\$532,690
\$532,692.30
\$532,680

## 4. Which number has a value closest to 8?

A. 8.5
B. 7.9

C. 8.199
D. 7.040
2. Which statement is true?
A. The number 0.42 rounded to the nearest tenth is 0.5.
B. The number 0.37 rounded to the nearest tenth is 0.3.
C. The number 0.755 rounded to the nearest hundredth is
0.75.
D. The number 0.868 rounded to the nearest hundredth is
0.87.
3. Keshawn finished a race in 45.673 seconds. What was
his time when rounded to the nearest tenth of a second?
A. 45.7
B. 45.6
C. 45.67
D. 46.0
4. A number was rounded to 682.79. Which of these would
represent the original number?
A. 682.789
B. 682.796
C. 682.779
D. 682.784
5. The doctor measured Kevins height as 67.83 inches.
What was Kevins height when rounded to the nearest
whole inch?
A. 67

B. 69
C. 68
D. 70
9. Which number would round to 765.4 when rounded to
the nearest tenth?
A. 765.349
B. 765.382
C. 765.451
D. 765.483
5.NBT.5: (Multiplying Whole #s)
17. Simon uses 250 cups of sugar to make 1,000
liters of juice. Each liter contains the same amount
of sugar. How many cups of sugar are in each liter
of juice?
4. If a colony of bees collected about 105 pounds of nectar in
a week, about how many pounds of nectar would they collect in
18 weeks?
5. It takes Mrs. Wilson 120 hours to make a small quilt. It
takes her 14 hours longer to make a large quilt. She has
orders for 28 large quilts. If each large quilt takes her the
same amount of time to make, how long will it take her to
complete the orders?

## 5. Jones Hot Dog Stand is open 42 weeks per year. Each

week they are only open Monday through Friday. They
sell 75 hot dogs per day. How many hot dogs do they sell
in a year?
1. Suzy strolls around her pen 168 times this week. If each
stroll lasts 54 minutes, how many minutes does she walk in 2
weeks?
2. John eats 78 candies each day. How much candy does he
consume during February (Leap Year) and March?
3. Deidre burns about 2,876 calories every 3 days. How many
calories does she burn in 15 days?

## 4. Each troll wears a magic

necklace. Each necklace has 9
on it. If 150 trolls each have a
necklace, what is the total number

necklaces?

## 5. Herman likes to dance classical, hip-hop and country music.

He entered 15 dance competitions in each style of music. Each
competition lasts 12 days. How many days did Herman compete
in all?
1. What number makes the number sentence true?
(4 x 8) x 7 = 4 x (8 x __)
2. A theatre company in Charlotte sold all the tickets to 38
performances of a play. If there are 827 seats in the theatre,
how many tickets were sold?
3. Which multiplication property is used in the equation
shown?
14 x (6 + 11) = (14 x 6) + (14 x 11). Explain your answer, then
explain the difference between each property below.
A. identity property
B. distributive property
C. associative property

D. zero property

## 4. Jerome has 18 stickers in his

album. Marlon has 32 stickers in his
album. Semirah has 7 times more
than both boys combined. How
many stickers does Semirah have in
her album?

## 5. Melinda has a piece of red yarn that is 9 inches long. She

has a piece of yellow yarn that is 4 times longer than the red

yarn. She has a piece of blue yarn that is 12 times longer than
the yellow yarn. How long is the piece of blue yarn?
1. Bens family is having a picnic in Durham. They put two
tables together. One rectangular table has a length of 8 ft,
and a width of 7 ft. The other square table has a length of 9
ft. What is the area of both tables?
2. Amandas mom wants to buy new carpet for the family room
that measures 12 feet by 11 feet. She can purchase the
carpet on sale for \$6 per square foot, including installation.
How much will Amandas mom spend to carpet the family
room?
3. Mr. Parker wants to build a rectangular fence with the
greatest area. He wants it to have a perimeter of 40 yards.
Which dimension should he use?
A. 12 yards by 12 yards
B. 15 yards by 5 yards
C. 12 yards by 8 yards
D. 10 yards by 10 yards
4. Students are painting a 14 feet by 19 feet wall. If a can of
paint covers 75 square feet, figure out how many cans of paint
1. The 5th grade class at Spring Valley Elementary sold more
bags of popcorn than any other class. They ordered 17 cases

## of popcorn. Each case had 242 bags. How many bags of

popcorn did the class sell?
2. A nursery sells plants in flats. There are 6 plants in each
tray. Each flat has 6 trays. The nursery sold 18 flats on
Saturday and 21 flats on Sunday. How many plants did the
nursery sell in all?
3. A theater in Durham, NC, can seat about 475 people at one
time. How many tickets can be sold if the theater sells out
every seat twice a day for a 30 month day?
4. Hollys heartbeat rate is 70 beats per minute. Her dog
Corky has a heart rate of 100 beats per minute. What is the
difference between the number of times Hollys heart beats
in a day and the number of times Corkys heart beats in that
time?
5. After a class trip to a natural animal habitat, class
members can order photographs of the day. Fifteen students
out of a class of 26 order two prints each. The rest of the
class orders three prints each. If the prints cost \$0.43 each,
how much does the class owe?

## 1. Hot dogs at the schools cafeteria cost \$1.50. If 25

students order hotdogs each day for a week, what will be the
total cost the class would pay for the dogs for the entire
week?

## 2. Ms. Ricks ordered pizza for a class of 22 students. There

are 8 slices of pizza in each box. Each student paid \$1.25 for
a slice of pizza. What is the total cost that the students paid
for pizza?
3. The length of a square box is 13 cm. Mrs. Champion wants
to give each of her 27 students a box. What would be the
total area of the boxes?
3. The length of a square box is 16 cm. Mrs. Champion want to
give each of her 30 students a box. What would be the total
area of the boxes?

## 5. Each class in Spring Valley is arranged in 7 rows and 5

columns. How many students would there be in total if we
arranged 12 classrooms in the same manner?
18. Spring Valley School is trying to raise \$4,050. Walmart
will donate \$300. Seventy-five families offered to raise the
rest. If each family gives the same amount, how much money
will each family give?

## 19. Mrs. Wilson grew 1,249

watermelons. Her truck can hold 9
crates, and each crate holds 7
watermelons. What is the fewest
number of trips Mrs. Wilson can
make to deliver all of the
watermelons?

20. Paris and Egypt are both saving to buy cars. So far, Egypt
has saved \$1,238. Paris has saved 5 times as much as Egypt.
How much money have Paris and Egypt saved altogether?

## 21. Brittney invited 10 friends to her birthday party. She

plans to buy each friend a crazy ball. If crazy balls are sold in
boxes of 4, how many boxes will she have to buy in order to
give one to each of her friends?
22. Jerome and Tray picked apples. Jerome filled 5 baskets
and Tray filled 3. If each basket holds 18 apples, how many
more apples did Jerome pick than Tray? How many apples did
they pick altogether?
23. Ms. Ricks can evenly divide her class into groups of 4 or 6.
Which of the following could be the number of students in her
class?
A. 15
B. 20
C. 24
D. 28

## 5.NBT.6: (Divide Whole Numbers)

1. Watchtowers on the Great Wall were built about the
same distance apart. You start at one watchtower and
walk 900 m, passing four other watchtowers and stopping
at the sixth tower. About how far apart are any two of the
watchtowers?
2. A family spent \$990 for train tickets. There were 3
adults and three children. The cost for childrens tickets is
\$70 less than an adults ticket. What was the cost of each

## 3. The Arches National Park in Utah covers more than

73,000 acres and has 2,000 stone arches. A 40-mile road
in the park takes visitors past most of the arches. If a
arches would he/she see per mile?
4. There are 40 windows on each floor of a 20-story
building. If a window washer can wash 50 windows in one
day, how many days will it take him to wash all of the
windows on the 20-story building?
5. Autumn bought a pack of gum. She gave half of the
pack to Amya and another 4 pieces to Jaymes. Autumn
has 6 pieces of gum left over. How many pieces of gum
were in the original pack?
1. Each row of an auditorium in Spring Valley Elementary
School has 22 seats. Three schools visit the auditorium. The
first school consists of 246 students. The second and third
schools each consist of 155 students. How many rows are
needed to fill all the students from the three schools?
2. Chiyrah baked 120 cookies to give to her 5 friends. She
wants to put the same number of cookies in each bag. Which
of the following can she use to find how many cookies to put in
each bag?
A. (5 x 20) + (5 x 4)
B. (5 x 10) + (5 x 8)
C. (5 x 60) + (5 x 2)
D. (5 x 15) + (5 x 5)

## 5. The length of a rectangle is 12 cm. If the area of the

rectangle is 192 cm, what is the width of the rectangle?
3. Jared has 96 books to arrange on 6 shelves of a bookcase.
He wants each shelf to have the same number of books.
Which of the following cannot be used to find how many books
Jared can put on each shelf?
A. (6 x 10) + (6 x 6)
B. (6 x 8) + (6 x 8)
C. (6 x 4) + (6 x 4)
D. (6 x 15) + (6 x 1)
4. An auditorium has 1230 seats. If 6 of the seat are
removed, and there are 36 seats in each row, how many rows
of seats are in the auditorium?
5. Jonathans dog weighs 6 times as much as his cat. The total
weight of his two pets is 98 pounds. What is the weight of
Jonathans dog and cat?
1. A school has 1,235 students that will play on 19 teams for
sports day. How many students will be in each group? How
many students will be left over?
2. A factory has 1,368 vases to be boxed and shipped. Each
box will contain 30 vases. How many boxes can be shipped with
30 vases? How many vases are left over?

## 3. A caterer is making 1,350 sandwiches for a party. If the

catering staff can make 60 sandwiches in an hour, how many
hours will it take to make all the sandwiches?
4. Volunteers working in 16 teams are filling sandbags to
prevent flooding in a beach town. Each sandbag weighs about
35 pounds. If there are 2,900 pounds of sand, how many
sandbags can be filled?

## 5. A group of 1,058 people are called in for jury duty. A jury is

made up of 12 jurors and 2 alternates. How many complete
juries can be formed from the jury pool?
25. Allison solved the following: 686 4 = 171 r. 2
Which expression could be used to check her answer?
A. (171 + 2) x 4
B. (171 + 4) x 2
C. (171 x 2) + 4
D. (171 x 4) + 2
26. There are 130 newsletters to hand out. Five students will
hand out the same number of newspapers. How many
newspapers will each child hand out?
5.NBT.7: (Add, Subtract, Multiply, Divide Decimals)
0.500. How many more thousandths did Lenny shade?

## 20. Nomee has \$68 to spend on a field trip. If she spends

\$7.24 on a ticket, \$47.91 for dinner, and \$3.45 for bus fare
each way, how much money will she have left over?
2. Buenaventura, Colombia is the wettest inhabited place in
the world. If it rained one hundredth more meter than the
recorded annual rainfall of 6.743, what would be the new
recorded annual rainfall?
6. The following table shows the amount of rainfall that
occurred each hour during a storm. Which of the following
describes the pattern?
Number of hours
2
4
6
8
Inches of rain
0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0
A. 1 inch of rain each hour
B. 1 inch of rain every two hours
C. 0.5 inch of rain each hour
D. 0.25 inch of rain each hour
24. Kyle has two dollars in change. He only has nickels and
dimes. If he has 13 dimes, how many nickels does he have?
2. A store sells 10-lb bag of dog food for \$9.50, 20-lb bags
for \$18.50, and 40-lb bags for \$30.00. A shelter uses 980 lb
of dry dog food in four weeks. What is the least expensive
way to buy a 4-week supply without having any left over?

## 3. The camel and elephant handlers at a zoo make \$10.75 an

hour. They work for 7 hours each day. How much will they
earn altogether in a 5-day work week?
4. Mrs. Britt earns \$12.50 each hour for an 8 hour job. She
earns \$15.00 per hour if she works overtime. This week, Mrs.
Britt worked 26 regular hours, plus 9 hours of overtime. How
much did Mrs. Britt earn this week?
1. Landon purchased a new mountain bike. He paid
\$180.50 down, however, It will still take him eighteen
months to pay for the remaining balance he owes on the
mountain bike. Landons payments are \$56.13 per month.
What was the total purchase price of the mountain bike
Landon bought?
2. Grace is an interior decorator. She charges \$113.00 per
hour for her services. Her last decorating job took a total
of 58 hours to complete. She also charged the client
\$13,009.76 for furnishings and fixtures purchased to
decorate the clients house. What was the total amount of
the bill that Morgan presented to the client after the job
was finished?
3. Andrew purchased 26 rolls of sod for his backyard. The
cost per roll of sod was \$76.90. After sodding his
backyard, Andrew returned 7 unused rolls of sod for a
refund. After he received his refund, what was Andrews
total expense for sodding his backyard?

## 4. Mr. Cranes son is being fitted for braces. His sons

orthodontist requires a \$250.00 fitting fee and the first
months payment today. If the total cost of the braces is
\$4,059.36 and it is to be paid in 24 equal payments, how
much should Mr. Crane pay the orthodontist before he
leaves his office today?
5. Lisa makes \$23.16 per hour at her job. She makes
double pay for every hour she works beyond forty hours
in one week. Last week, Lisa worked 52 hours. What were
Lisas total earnings for last week?
1. Mr. Ray has signed up for 48 ballroom dancing lessons. The total cost
of the dance lessons is \$2,088.00. He must also pay an additional fee of
\$592.20, the total amount due for the rental of dance shoes per lesson.
What is Mr. Ray paying per dance lesson
2. Holly attends a private school for 9 months. The tuition
per month is \$484.25. If Holly makes a grade of 90% or
higher in all of her subjects each marking period, her
parents will receive a refund of \$264.50 at the end of the
year. What will the cost of private school be for one year
if Holly qualifies for the refund at the end of the school
year?
3. Devin has just signed a 12 month lease on a new apartment. The
monthly rent will be \$735.80. His sister, Vera, has also signed a 12
month lease in the same complex, but her monthly rent payment is
\$618.77. How much more is Devin spending on rent than Vera?
4. At a flower shop, Kimberly sees that roses are \$3 each, carnations are
\$4 for 3 flowers and tulips are \$4 for 4 flowers. She buys 3 roses and 3
carnations. She has \$20. How much change does Kimberly gets back?

## 5. A rectangular photo frame has a length of 17.6 in. and a width of

21.39 in. What is the perimeter of the photo frame?
1. Rick spent 5.25 hours studying for a test. Terry studied
for 2.5 hours. How much longer did Rick study?
2. Bills scores at the gymnastics meet on Saturday were
85.08 and 86.1. On Sunday, his scores were 86.29 and
84.8. How much higher was the total of Bills scores on
Saturday than the total of his scores on Sunday?
3. Mike bought a used boat for \$19,348.78. He paid
\$482.90 to repair the boat, then, sold it for \$22,000.00.
How much money did Mike have after repairing and
selling the boat?
4. Ellen had \$21.50 to spend at the store. She spent
\$0.55 on gum, \$3.85 on pencils, and \$9.84 on a book.
How much money did Ellen have left after buying the
gum, pencils, and book?
5. Haley went to the store with \$10.30 to spend. She
bought a stuffed animal for \$5.99. She also bought a
card for a friend. Haley had \$2.31 left after she bought
the card. How much did the card cost?
1. Logan saved \$30 in July, \$21 in August, and \$50 in
September. He spent \$18 on movies and \$26 on gas. How
much money does Logan have?
2. Ashley takes riding lessons 5 days per week for 2 hours
each day. Taylor takes guitar lessons twice a week for 2

hours each day, and piano lessons three days per week for 1
hour each day. Which girl spends more hours on lessons? How
many more hours?
3. At a craft festival, Tyquan spent \$12 for food, \$19.50 for
a small painting, and \$6 for a straw hat. Tyquan had \$4 left.
How much did Tyquan spend on the small painting and hat
altogether?
4. Joshua had a batting average of .0287, and Kevin had an
average of .30. How much higher was Kevins batting average
than Joshuas?
5. Jazmine bought a skirt for \$15 and a hat for \$12. Which is
a way to find how much change she would get from \$40?
A. Add 40 to the difference of 15 and 12.
B. Add 12 to the difference of 40 and 15.
C. Subtract the sum of 15 and 12 from 40.
D. Subtract 15 from the sum of 12 and 40.
1. James-Paul took out a \$7,200 loan to buy a used car. He will
make monthly payments for 4 years. How much will James-Paul
pay each month on his loan?
2. Erin paid \$21.42 for 6.8 gallons of gasoline that she put in
the tank of her car. What was the price per gallon?

3. A quarter horse can run 53.16 miles per hour, and a garden
snail can move 0.02 of a mile per hour. How many times as fast
does the quarter horse run than the garden snail moves?
4. Kathryn has a CD that holds 700 megabytes of information.
She has saved 53 pictures, each using 2.24 megabytes, to the
CD. How much space is left on the CD?
5. Karynn bought some plums and 4 peaches. The peaches cost
\$1.88 in all and the plums cost \$0.33 each. She paid \$3.86 in
all, not including tax. How many plums did she buy?
1. Jayden used first-class mail to send two baseballs to his
brother. Each baseball weighed 5 ounces. The postage was
\$0.39 for the first ounce and \$0.24 for each additional ounce.
How much was the postage?
2. The chef at a restaurant bought 37 pounds of salad for
\$46.25. How much did she pay for 1 pound of salad?
3. Chris and Jessica are traveling out of town. If they
traveled 58.5 miles in 1.5 hours, how many miles per hour are
they traveling?
4. A developer owns 24 acres of land. If he plans to use 1.2
acres of the land for an entrance into a housing development
and divide the remaining land into 0.6 acre lots, how many lots
will he have?
5. A youth group charged \$6 per car at their car wash to raise
money. They raised \$858. Of that amount, \$175 was given as

donations, and the rest of the money came from washing cars.
About how many cars did the youth group make from washing
cars?
1. Dentalia shells were used by Native Americans to make
jewelry. Each dentalia shell is 1.25 inches long. If a necklace
necklace?
2. A bag o grass seeds weigh 5.8 pounds. How many pounds
would 2.5 bags weigh?
3. Kaya ordered 4 pens and 3 boxes of paper on the Internet.
Each pen cost \$1.65 and each paper cost \$3.95 per box. How
much did she spend?
4. An astronauts Apollo space suit weighs 29.8 pounds on the
moon. It weighs approximately 6.02 times as much on Earth.
About how much does an Apollo space suit weigh on Earth?
5. Jaymes makes \$11.70 an hour working at a clothing store.
How much will Jaymes earn for working a six and a half hour
shift?
1. Jairus bought 7.7 kilograms of blueberries at the
farmers market. Each basket of blueberries weighed 0.35
kilogram. The cost of each basket of blueberries was
\$1.79. What was the total cost of the blueberries Jairus
purchased?

## 2. Omari wants to buy a new bicycle that costs \$115.99.

He earns \$10.50 each week from doing chores. If he
saves his allowance for 8 weeks, how much more money
will Omari need to buy the bike?
3. Apples cost \$0.27 each and oranges cost \$0.35 each.
How much would it cost to buy 6 apples and 6 oranges?
4. Sidney bought two pounds of potatoes for \$1.29 per
pound. She bought four pounds of tomatoes for \$0.57
cents per pound. How much did Sidney spend for
vegetables?
5. Kevin bought 2 notebooks for \$3.15 each, three pens
for \$1.29 each and a backpack for \$12.40. How much
money did he spend?

## 19. Which of the following shows another way to write the

expression using the associative property of addition:
(5 2/5 + 3 1/10) + 11
A. 5 2/5 + (11 + 3 1/10)
B. 5 2/5 + (3 1/10 + 11 )
C. (5 2/5 + 3 1/10) + (5 2/5 + 11 )
D. (5 + 3 + 11) + (2/5 + 1/10 + )
21. Alana has a drawing book that is 9 pages. Each page has 3
rows with 6 pictures in each row. Alana wrote the equation (9
x 3) x 6 = 9 x (3 x 6). Which property did she use?
A. Distributive property

## B. Associative property of multiplication

D. Commutative property of multiplication
22. A bus has 22 rows of seats with 4 seats in each row. Each
ticket costs \$12. If all the seats are sold, the total income is
(22 x 4) x 12 in dollars. Which property is used to find the
total income?
A. Associative property of multiplication
B. Distributive property
D. Commutative property of multiplication
23. Cynthia prepared 18 cupcakes, 12 burgers and 9 pizzas for
her birthday party. She wrote the equation 18 + 12 + 9 = 18 +
9 + 12. Which property did Cynthia use?
A. Distributive property
D. Identity property of multiplication

## 2. The number of children at the library was 3 times the

number of adults. The total number of people at the
library was 48. How many adults were at the library? How
many children were at the library?
3. Which of the following is the same as 3.2? Circle all
that apply.
A. 3 2/10

B. 3 32/100
C. 3 2/100
D. 3 1/5
4. Omar has two dollars in change. He only has nickels
and dimes. If he has 13 dimes, how many nickels does he
have?
5. Four out of 10 children on a soccer team are girls.
Which decimal and fraction describes the number of girls
on the team?
A. 0.04 and 4/10
B. 0.04 and
C. 0.4 and 4/10
D. 0.4 and
6. Talya has 2/5 of a dollar. If she used all of her money at
the bookstore, which item did she buy?
A. pencil: 25 cents
B. eraser: 40 cents
C. pencil sharpener: 80 cents
D. paper: 60 cents
7. A nickel bubble gum machine contains two white
gumballs, one orange gumball, one red gumball, and one
blue gumball. What is the minimum amount of money
needed to get two gumballs the same color?
-What is the maximum amount of money needed to get
two gumballs of the same color?
8. Six out of eight students who play drums in the school
are boys. Which decimal can you use to show the number
of drummers who are boys? Girls?

## 9. If a piece of gum costs a nickel, how many pieces can

10. Which decimal goes in the blank so that the list is in
order from least to greatest?
, _____ , 2/5, ,
A. 0.25
B. 0.35
C. 0.65
D. 0.75
11. Toni bought 5 bags of fruit chews. Each bag cost
\$0.55. She used a coupon worth \$0.75. Which expression
can be used to find out how much money Toni spent?
A. (5 x 0.75) 0.55
B. (5 x 0.55) + 0.75
C. (5 0.55) 0.75
D. (5 x 0.55) 0.75
12. The chart below shows the price of different types of
fabric. Fabric is only sold by the yard. Jeremy has \$20. He
needs 4 feet of cotton and 5 feet of silk. Does he have
enough money? If so, how much will he have left after the
purchase? If not, how much more money does he need?
Cotton: \$3 per yard
Denim: \$4 per yard
Silk: \$5 per yard
5.NF (FRACTIONS/Mixed Numbers)
1. Which expressions are equivalent to 4 2/7 + 1 ?
A. 4 16/56 + 1 42/56

B. 4 10/36 + 1 27/36
C. 4 2/28 + 1 3/28
D. 4 8/26 + 1 21/28
2. Karen found the sum of 3 1/3 + . Is her answer correct?
Explain. 3 1/3 + = 3 4/12 + 9/12 = 3 13/12
3. Anthony rides his bike to visit his friend Tanner. Tanners house is 5

miles away. The first 4 2/3 miles of the trip are on flat land, but the
rest is uphill. How many miles of the trip are uphill?
4. Amelia has \$60 to spend at an amusement park. Her budget is listed
below. What fraction of Amelias budget does she spend on food?
About what fraction of Amelias budget does she spend on all tickets?
What fraction of Amelias budget does she have left?
Ticket for entry: \$22.00
Tickets for special rides: 2 for \$8.00 each
Lunch: \$12.00
Popcorn: \$3.00
Ice cream: \$5.00
3. Omar says that there is always more than one common denominator
for a set of fractions. Do you agree? Explain why or why not.

## 1. Faith is driving to Raleigh, NC to Key West, Florida. She

drives 1/5 of the way the first day. She drives 5/8 of the way
the second day. How much of the driving has Faith completed?
2. Last summer, Anthony grew from
5 7/12 feet tall to 6 1/8 feet tall. How much did Anthony
grow last summer?

## 3. The numbers below are ordered from least to greatest.

1/3, , 0.6, _____, 0.7, 9/10
Which of the following fractions could be used to fill in the
blank space?
A. 2/3
B.
C. 4/5
D. 7/8
3. What number is needed to name the equivalent fraction?
3/8 = ?/24
Which expression uses the least common denominator to add
3/5 and 7/8?
A. 3/5(5/5) + 7/8(8/8)
B. 3/5(5/8) + 7/8(8/5)
C. 3/5(8/5) + 7/8(5/8)
D. 3/5(8/8) + 7/8(5/5)
7. What is the difference between 6 and 2 4/5
8. Evaluate the following 3/5 + 2/4 + 15/20 =
9. Which has the greater value? 8 2/3 1 5/7 or 26/3 12/7

## 3. Pablo makes 4 cups of granola. He gives 1 cups to his

brother and of a cup to his friend. How much granola does
Pablo have left?
4. The long jump record at Spring Valley was 20 in 2000. In
2008, the record was broken by 1/8 inch. In 2013, it was
broken again by an additional 5/12. What is the new long jump
record?
1. Which is a first possible step in adding 2/3 + 1/5?
C. Multiply 2/3 by 5
D. Multiply 2/3 by 5/5
What is the value of 2/3 and 1/5?
2. Ethan had 9/15 of a pizza. Amya had 3/15 of a pizza. What
is the total value of 9/15 + 3/15? What is another way to
write 9/15? (Simplify the fraction)
3. Sidney had 7/9 of a brownie. She gave away 1/3 of the
brownie to Jazmine. What fraction of the brownie does
Sidney have now? Simplify answer if necessary.
4. Jenny spent 1 hour doing her homework. She did Math for
1/4 hour. She did Science for 5/12 hour. She did reading
homework for the rest of the hour. What fraction of the hour
did Jenny spend doing her reading homework?

## 5. Taylor and Ashley are planting seeds in their new garden.

Taylor planted seeds in 1/7 of the garden. Flora planted seeds
in 2/5 of the garden. What fraction of the garden do they
have left to plant seeds?
1. Myles is making a family recipe. He uses 3/8 teaspoon
of curry and 1/3 teaspoon of rosemary. How much spice
does Myles use in all?
2. Stephanie had 7/8 of a bag of popcorn. She gave 5/6 of
the bag to her friends. How much does Stella have left?
3. Egypt builds a model car for a competition. The
maximum car length allowed is 8 inches. Egypt s car
measures 6 9/16 inches. How much shorter is her car
than the maximum length allowed?
4. Keshawn had 7/8 pint of water in his water bottle.
Then, he drank 2/3 pint. How much water is left in the
bottle?
4. Jasmine is writing a book report. The first week, she
wrote 5/12 of the report. Then, next week she wrote of
the report. What fraction of the whole report has Jasmine
completed?
5. Tawana fills her gas tank with 13 gallons of gas.
After driving the car, she has 11 4/5 gallons left. How
much gas did Tawana use?
1. Shazar is driving to Raleigh, NC to Key West, Florida. She
drives 2/8 of the way the first day. She drives 2/7 of the

way the second day. How much of the driving has Shazar
completed?
2. Last summer, Thomas grew 5 4/9 feet tall to 6 2/6 feet
tall. How much did Thomas grow last summer?
3. Erik makes 5 cups of granola. He gives 2 1/3 cups to his
brother and of a cup to his friend. How much granola does
Erik have left?
4. Which is a first possible step in adding 1/4 + 3/9?
C. Multiply 1/4 by 9
D. Multiply 1/4 by 9/9
What is the value of + 3/9?
5. Sebastian had 12/14 of a pizza. Morgan had 8/14 of a pizza.
What is the total value of 9/15 + 3/15? What is another way
to write 9/15? (Simplify the fraction)
15. Tina spent 2 hours on Math homework, 1 2/3 hours on
History homework, and 1 hours on Art homework. How many
hours did Tina spend on homework?
16. Robert bought 5/7 foot of wood to fix his fence. When he
finished, he had 9/14 foot of wood left. How much wood did
Robert use to fix his fence?

## 17. Scott bought 3 books weighing a total of 12 2/3pounds.

Two of the books weighed 2 3/5 and 3 2/3 pounds. How much
did the third book weigh?
18. A construction company constructed 1 1/6 parts of a
building in its first year, 1 5/6 parts in its second year, and
2 6/12 parts in its third year. If the company keeps working
at the same pace each year, how many parts will the
construction company construct in the fourth year?
19. There were 3 liters of lemonade in a pitcher. Ms. Shuman
poured 1 4/5 liters into cups and accidentally spilled 1/4 liter
on the floor. How much lemonade was left?
5. Which expression has a greater value?
A. 2 (4/5 + 2/7)
B. 2/7 + 1/2

## 1. Taylor ran part of a race before he stopped for

water. After his break he ran 2 , which completed
the 5 mile race. How far did Taylor run before he
stopped for water?

## 2. Olivia had some ribbon. Her mom gave her an

additional piece of ribbon that was 3 and sixtenths meters long. Now Olivia has 5 meters of
ribbon. How much ribbon did Olivia have originally?

## 3. Ayden ate 2 cookies for snack. He ate some

more cookies after lunch. Ayden ate a total of 6
after lunch?

## 4. Tray ran 5 km Monday and 3 km Tuesday. He

also ran some Wednesday. His total distance for
the 3 days was 10 km. How far did Tray run on
Wednesday?

## 5. Chase made a putt from 4 yards on hole 9. On

hole 11, he made a putt from 3 yards farther than
his putt of hole 9. How far did Chase putt the ball
on hole 11?

## 6. Synias plant grew by inch in January and by 1

inches in February. If this pattern continues, how
much will the plant grow by May?

## 7. Ricky made a salad for lunch. He filled 4/9 of the

bowl with spinach, 1/3 with apples and the rest
with diced chicken. Which fraction strip could Ricky
trade for the 4/9 strip in order to find how much of
the bowl was filled with apples or diced chicken?
A. 1.4
B. 3/8

C. 1/9
D. 1/5

## 20. Daniel is painting two similar walls. He paints of one and

2/3 of another. How much he still have to paint?
21. Jenny walks less than of a mile to school. Which fraction
could represent the distance she walks?
A. 2/3 mile
B. 2/5 mile
C. 3/6 mile
D. 6/8 mile
22. Austin ate 1/6 of a box of donuts. Austins brother ate
1/6 more than Austin did. What fraction of the box did they
eat in all?
23. Which of the following shows one way to find a fraction
equivalent to 1/3?
A. multiply the numerator by 3
B. multiply the denominator by 1
C. divide the denominator by 3
D. multiply the numerator and denominator by the same
number
24. Which operation will change the value of any number
greater than zero?

A. subtracting zero
C. multiplying by zero
D. dividing by one
25. What is the perimeter of a square with side lengths of
7/8 ft?
26. Order fractions from least to greatest: 9/4, 7/8, 3/2,
4/5, , 9/10, 4/6, 4/8. Which fraction is closest to ? closest
to 1?
27. Which pair is equivalent?
A. 1.2 and 1 2/100
B. 1.4 and
C. 1.5 and 3/2
D. 1.8 and 1 1/8
28. Which fraction goes in the blank so that the list is in
order from greatest to least?
0.8, 0.55, ______, 0.3, 0.25
A.
B.
C. 2/5
D. 2/8

Recipe A

Broccoli
cup

Squash
5/12 cup

Zucchini
1/3 cup

Recipe B
Recipe C

cup
3/5 cup

3/12 cup
4/10 cup

5/6 cup
12/20 cup

## 29. Which recipe uses the most vegetables?

30. Order these numbers from greatest to least
0.61, 3/5, 0.093, 2/3, 8/9, 7/12, 2/8, 0.75, 0.009
31. Amelia has to read a 15-page article for Science class. So
far she has read 5 pages. What fraction of the article has she
A.
B. 1/3
C.
D.
32. Anthonys new fishing pole is 5 2/3 feet long. Round this
mixed number to the nearest whole number. Explain how you
know.
33. Taylor and Trevor painted one room in their house. Taylor
painted 4/6 of the room and Trevor painted 3/12 of the room.
Did they finish painting the room? If not, what fraction of
the room do they still need to paint? Explain how you know.

## 1. Jenny had 7 friends at her party. She had 10 pieces of

brownie. What portion of the brownie did each friend
2. Sarah is making raisin bread. She has 2 cups of raisins
to divide equally among 3 batches of dough. How many
cups should Sarah put into each cup?
3. Paris brings 12 bags of granola on a hike to be shared
equally among 5 people. How much granola will each
person get?
4. Annika has a ribbon 6 feet long. She wants to cut it into
12 equal pieces. She calculates that each piece should be
2 feet long. Is Annika correct? Explain.
5. Hailey buys swim goggles in packets of six. There are
25 swimmers on the team. Hailey wants to give each
swimmer 2 goggles, therefore she buys 9 packages. Is
Hailey correct? Explain.
6. Austin has a 120-inch roll of wrapping paper. He needs
an 18-inch piece to wrap each present. Does Austin have
enough to wrap each present? Explain.
7. KaNyla and her 2 sisters want to equally share 17
tokens at an arcade. How many tokens will each of them
get?
8. Mrs. Sanchez plans to give the same number of fruit
flies to 6 groups of lab students for an experiment. She
has different sized bottles. How can Mrs. Sanchez give

## each group the same number of fruit flies without

opening the bottle?
2 large bottles: 12 fruit flies in each bottle
10 medium bottles: 8 fruit flies in each bottle
14 small bottles: 2 fruit flies in each bottle
9. Each piece of a square brownie is half of half of
half of the whole brownie. How many kids can
share the brownie if each gets 1 piece?

## 10. All the students in a fifth grade class went on various

field trips on the same day. Four students went to Duke
Gardens, 5 went to the Museum of Life and Science, 8
went to the Nasher Art Museum, and the remaining 5 went
to the Lemur Center.
The school cafeteria provided lunch. They made 17 whole
submarine sandwiches for all the students in the class to
share. Before they left that morning all the sandwiches
were distributed. Each group of students received whole
sandwiches to share equally among themselves.
The sandwiches were distributed as follows:

## Duke Gardens 3 sandwiches

Museum of Life & Science 4 sandwiches
Nasher Art Museum 7 sandwiches
Lemur Center 3 sandwiches
Upon returning to school the next day and discussing their
trips, some kids felt that the sandwiches werent fairly
distributed and some kids got more to eat. Were the
sandwiches shared fairly? Provide a picture to represent
the situation and an explanation to support your stance.

20. In art, there are six groups of students. There are four
students in each group. The students equally share 30 lbs.
of clay. How much will each student have?

## 5.NF.4: (Multiplying Fractions/Mixed #s)

1. Find the area of a rectangle with a length of 1/5 yard and a
width of 2/3 yard. Use a grid and equation to show answer.
2. A private beach is 6/7 mile in length and mile in width.
What is the area of the beach?
3. Find the area of a square with a length of 7/9 inches. Use a
grid and equation to show answers.
5. Erin drew a number line to show student growth. Three
students grew a quarter inch, five students grew a half inch,
and four students grew inch. What was the total number of
feet that the students grew?
1. Find the area of a rectangle with a length of 3/7 yard and a
width of yard. Use a grid and equation to show answer.
2. A private beach is 5/8 mile in length and 2/3 mile in width.
What is the area of the beach?
3. Find the area of a square with a length of 4/5 inches. Use a
grid and equation to show answers.

## 5. Ashley drew a number line to show student growth. Four

students grew a quarter inch, three students grew a half inch,
and two students grew inch. What was the total number of
feet that the students grew?
1. Find the area of a rectangle with a length of 5/9 yard and a
width of 1/5 yard. Use a grid and equation to show answer.
2. A private beach is 5/7 mile in length and 2/4 mile in width.
What is the area of the beach?
3. Find the area of a square with a length of 6/9 inches. Use a
grid and equation to show answers.
5. Itzel drew a number line to show student growth. Five
students grew a quarter inch, six students grew a half inch,
and three students grew inch. What was the total number
of feet that the students grew?
1. In Stephanies candy box, 6/8 of the candies contain
chocolate. Of those candies, 1/5 has nuts in them. What
fraction of the candies in Stephanies box contains nuts?
Explain showing models/equations.
2. In the expression below, n represents a number
n x 4/5
Which statement is true? Explain showing models/equations.
A. The product is always equal to n when n is less than 1

## B. The product is always less than 4/5 when n is less than 1

C. The product is always greater than n when n is greater than
0.
D. The product is always greater than 4/5 when n is greater
than 0.
1. Synia is making soup for her friends. The recipe calls for 5
cups of broth for 6 servings. Synia wants to make the
number of servings. How much broth does Synia use for her
soup? Explain using models and equations.
2. Mariah ran 9/10 mile yesterday. Today, she ran 8/9 the
distance she ran yesterday. On which day did Mariah run more
miles? Explain using models and equations.
3. Itzel has 2/3 yard of ribbon. Yuneydy has a ribbon that is
as long as Itzels ribbon. Is Yuneydys ribbon longer or shorter
than 2/3 yard? Explain using models and equations.
5. In Shazars candy box, 7/9 of the candies contain
chocolate. Of those candies, 4/5 has raisins in them. What
fraction of the candies in Shazars box contains raisins?
Explain showing models/equations.
1. Ashley is making soup for her friends. The recipe calls for 7
cups of broth for 8 servings. Ashley wants to make 2/3 the
number of servings. How much broth does Ashley use for her
soup? Explain using models and equations.

2. Coral ran 7/8 mile yesterday. Today, she ran 4/5 the
distance she ran yesterday. On which day did Coral run more
miles? Explain using models and equations.
3. Tanya has 5/8 yard of ribbon. Olivia has a ribbon that is
as long as Tanyas ribbon. Is Olivias ribbon longer or shorter
than 5/8 yard? Explain using models and equations.
1. Jayden has 20 rocks in his rock collection. 3/10 of the
rocks are sedimentary, and 2/5 of the rocks are metamorphic.
The rest of the rocks are igneous. How many igneous rocks
does Jayden have in his collection?
2. Every weekday, Mariah runs 3 laps around her school
track, which is 3/5 of a mile long. How far does she run in a
week?
3. A 1 dollar bill is about 6 2/10 inches in length, and 2 3/5
inches in width. If you place two 1 dollar bills side by side,
what is the area of the rectangle formed by the bills?
4. Tabiuss bike weighs 34 4/5 pounds. If the shipping
company charges him the weight of his bike multiplied by 2
1/5, how much will Tabius have to pay to Shipping Company A?
Shipping Company B will multiply the weight of the bike by 3
and subtract \$15. How much will Shipping Company B charge
Tabius?

## 5. Jenny made a batch of her famous seafood gumbo. She

made 5 servings of 1 2/3 cups. How many cups of gumbo did
Jenny make?
6. Jamie bought a ping-pong table that has an area of 540
square meters. The length of the table is 1 2/3 its width.
What is the length of the ping-pong table?
Hint: some factors of 540: 1 x 540, 2 x 270, 3 x 180, 4
x 135, 5 x 108, 6 x 90, 9 x 60, 10 x 54, 12 x 45, 15 x
36, 18 x 30, 20 x 27
7. A restroom at a park takes up an area of 864 square yards.
The length of the restroom is 1 times the width. Which of
the following could be the dimensions of the restroom?
A. 27 X 32
B. 16 X 54
C. 24 X 36
D. 12 X 72
8. A painter mixed 1/3 of a can of red paint with 5/9 of a can
of blue paint to make purple paint. If the painter made 90
quarts of purple paint, how much paint was either red or blue?
9. Ms. Powers wrote 4 statements on the board. Which
statement below is true?
A. 3 2/7 x 5 is less than 5.
B. 3 4/5 x 3/7 is greater than 3 4/5.
C. 2 x 3 is less than 3 .
D. 5/6 x is less than 5/6.

## 10. Ms. Jones wrote 4 statements on the board. Which

statement below is true?
A. 5/9 x 1/9 is less than 5/9.
B. 3/8 x 8 is greater than 8.
C. 2/5 x 5 is less than 2/5.
D. 5/6 x 5/6 is equal to 5/6.
11. Randy works at a local caf. He worked 5 hours this
week. Last week, he worked 2 4/5 times as many hours as he
worked this week. Which statement below is true?
A. Randy spent more time at the caf last week than he did
this week,
B. Randy spent less time at the caf last week than he did this
week.
C. Randy spent the same amount of time both weeks.
D. Randy spent twice as much time at the caf last week than
this week.
12. Mr. Mendoza has 3/7 acre of land. Mr. Williams has the
amount of acres as Mr. Mendoza has. Which statement below
is true?
A. Mr. Williams has twice as many acres of land as Mr.
Mendoza.
B. The have the same amount of land.
C. Mr. Williams has more land than Mr. Mendoza.
D. Mr. Mendoza has more land than Mr. Williams.

## 13. In a shipment of 24 T-shirts, 6/9 of them were large. How

many of the T-shirts were large?
14. A developer plans to build homes on 4/9 of the acres of
land. If the land is 21 acres, how many acres will be used for
building the homes?
15. Marlon has 20 autographed basketball cards. One-quarter
of them are autographed by Michael Jordan. One-fifth of
them are autographed by Stephon Curry. The rest are
autographed by Kobe Bryant. How many cards are autographed
by Kobe Bryant?
16. Semirah is as old as Pablo. Pablo is 24 years old. How old
is Semirah?
17. Broderick is tiling a closet. Each tile is foot by 2/3 foot.
The closet floor is 6 square feet. How many tiles does
Broderick need to cover the closet floor?
18. The ancient Egyptians used an expression x (a + c) x (b +
d) to find the area of four-sided figures. With a rectangle, a
and c are the width, and b and d are the length. Find the area
of the rectangle below using the same expression above. Also
find the area of the rectangle by using length x width.
Compare answers. (Rectangle: length = 5 m, width = 3/5 m)
19. Daniel walks 3/5 mile. Chris walks 4/5 as far as Daniel.
Taylor walks 4/4 as far as Daniel. Wilson walks 4/3 as far as

## Daniel. Who walks the greater/fewer number of miles than

Daniel?
20 Complete this table, then draw a model to and verify your
responses.
21. Rainbow Robots Inc. was putting on a big
demonstration. Everyone came out to watch the
colorful robots wash the windows of the Miller
Building. First the big red robot washed one half of
all the windows in the building. The smaller green
robot followed by washing two thirds of the
windows that were left. The blue robot washed one
half of the windows that were left. To the cheers of
the crowd, the tiny yellow robot washed the
remaining 10 windows. How many windows are in
the Miller Building? Provide a picture to represent
the situation.
22. A class project will take 14 days to complete.
On what day will 3/7 of the project be complete?
23. Tanner has 40 toy cars. If 3/5 of his cars are
black, how many of his toys are not black?
24. Caniyah and Shaniah work in the city. Caniyah
walked 9 blocks to get to her meeting. Shaniah
walked 2/3 as many blocks as Caniyah. How many
blocks did Shaniah walk?
5.NF.5: (Multiplying Fractions as Scaling)
4. Use models and equations to show whether or not the
product of 1/3 and 8 is less than 8 or greater than 8.

## 4. Use models and equations to show whether or not the

product of 1/5 and 7 is less than 7 or greater than 7.
4. Use models and equations to show whether or not the
product of 3/4 and 5 is less than 5 or greater than 5.
3. Which number when multiplied by 6 results in a product less
than 6? Explain showing models/equations.
A. 7/8
B. 1
C. 1
D. 12/8
4. A chef is making dinner for 12 people. She plans to use of
turkey for each person. Will she need more or less than 12
pounds of turkey? Explain showing models/equations.
5. Mrs. Champions classroom has 30 desks. Ms. Rickss
classroom has 4/3 as many desks as Mrs. Champions
classroom. Are there more than 30 desks, fewer than 30
desks or exactly 30 desks in Ms. Rickss classroom? Explain
using models and equations.
4. Jonathan is 60 inches tall. Jaden is 13/12 as tall as
Jonathan. Which statement is true?
A. Jonathan and Jaden are the same height.
B. Jonathan is taller than Jaden.
C. Jaden is taller than Jonathan.

## 4. Ethan is 56 inches tall. Chance is 9/8 as tall as Ethan.

Which statement is true?
A. Ethan and Chance are the same height.
B. Ethan is taller than Chance.
C. Chance is taller than Ethan.
Explain using models and equations.
20 Complete this table, then draw a model to and verify your
responses.
If a number is multiplied by
then the product is EG.
A fraction less than 1
A fraction greater than 1
A fraction equal to 1
21. Chigozie and Chidimma evaluated the expression 2 1/3 x 1 4/5 two
different ways. Chigozie wanted to multiply using decimals, so she
evaluated 2.67 x 1.8. Chidimma wanted to multiply using equivalent
fractions, so she evaluated 8/3 x 9/5. Whose answer is accurate?
Solve and explain.
22. Wilson painted 42 houses. Of the 42 houses, of them were blue.
Of the remaining houses, 2/3 of them were painted white. The rest of
the houses were painted green. How many houses were painted green?
23. Which of the following best describes the product of 1 and 7/10?
A. a little less than 1
B. a little more than 1
C. a little less than 2

## 5.NF.7: (Dividing Unit Fractions by Whole #s)

1. Three people have of a pizza to share equally. What
fraction of a whole pizza will each person get?
2. A tortoise is moving at a speed of 1/3 mile an hour. At this
speed, how long will it take the tortoise to go 5 miles?
3. Samuel works in a bakery. He used 1/6 of a large batch of
flour for a batch of muffins. How many batches can he make
with 4 boxes of flour?
4. Marissa is cutting squares into triangles for a quilt project.
Each triangle is of a square. How many triangles can she cut
from 5 squares?
5. It took Olivia 15 minutes to cut 20 pizzas into ninths. How
many slices of pizza does she have? Use a division expression
1. Kaya needs to find the number of 1/3-cup servings in 2 cups
of rice. She used a number line to find 2 divided by 1/3. How
many 1/3-cup servings are in 2 cups of rice? Use number lines
and models to show your thinking.
2. Bryan filled a watering can with 1/3 quart of water. He
poured the same amount of water from the can onto each of 3

plants. How much water did Bryan pour onto each plant? You
can use a number line, models/illustrations to show your
thinking.
3. Autumn is making a recipe that calls for 5 cups of flour.
She only has a 1/4-cup measuring cup. How many times will
Autumn need to fill the 1/4-cup measuring cup to get 5 cups
of flour?
Use number lines, models/illustrations to show your thinking.
4. The distance traveled by a moving object equals the rate of
speed multiplied by the time (d = r x t). Find the speed of a
moving car that goes 11 miles in 1/5 of an hour.
5. It takes Tanya hour to make a customized basket. How
many baskets can she make in 6 hours?
1. Madison and Holly are each planting of a rectangular
garden. Holly plants vegetables in her half. Madison divides
her half into 6 equal parts and plants marigolds in one of the
sections. How much of the entire rectangular garden will be
marigolds?
2. James-Paul uses 1/5 liter of chicken broth and packet of
noodles for a bowl of soup. How many bowls of soup can he
make from 4 liters of chicken broth?

## 3. Mrs. Rajpal plans to give each student 1/3 of a jar of paint.

How many students can sign up for the art classes if the
teacher has 20 paint jars?
4. Coral has 1/3 yard of gold braid to trim a jacket. She
divides the braid into 2 equal pieces and uses 1 piece for each
sleeve. How long is the trim on each sleeve?
5. Gabriela has enough gravel to cover 40 square yards. She is
putting the gravel on a walkway that is yard wide. How much
of the path can she cover with the gravel?

## 1. A 6-mile walking trail has a distance marker every 1/3 mile,

beginning at 1/3 mile. How many distance markers are along
the trail? How do you know? Use models/number
2. Caniyah solved 1/5 divided by 10 by using a related
multiplication sentence. Which of the following multiplication
sentence could she have used? Explain your thinking using
models/illustrations, etc.
(A) 5 X 10= 50, (B) 1/5 X 10= 2, (C) 5 X 1/10= 5/10, (D) 1/5 X
1/10= 1/50
3. Which situation can be represented by 6 divided by 1/3?
A. Marissa has a piece of ribbon that is 1/3 foot long. She
cuts it into 6 pieces, each having the same length. How many
feet long is each piece of ribbon?

## B. Marissa has 6 pieces of ribbon. Each piece is 1/3 foot long

How many feet of ribbon does Marissa have in all?
C. Marissa has a piece of ribbon that is 6 feet long. She cuts
it into pieces that are 1/3 foot long. How many pieces of
ribbon does Marissa have?
D. Marissa has a piece of ribbon that is 6 feet long. She cuts
it into 3 pieces. How many feet long is each piece of ribbon?
4. Olivia used of an 8 ounce packet of blueberries to make
cupcakes. How many ounces of the blueberries did Olivia use
to make her cupcakes?
5. Joshua can run 1/10 of a mile in a minute. How many minutes
will it take him to run 3 miles?
22. Shaniah is making pillows. She uses yard of fabric for each pillow.
Her grandmother gives her a box of 15 spools of thread, 6 yards of
fabric, and 40 zippers. How many pillows can Shaniah make from the
fabric?
23. Caniyah uses 1/5 liter of chicken broth, and packet of noodles for
a bowl of soup. How many bowls of soup can she make from 4 liters of
chicken broth?
24. Yareidy buys large bags of birdseed for \$9.87 per bag. She uses
1/6 bag each week. She has four full bags of birdseed now. How long
will it last?
5.OA.1: Use Parentheses, brackets and braces to evaluate
expressions

## 18. Colleen is solving this homework problem: 2 x

12 (6 + 16)
Which operation should Colleen complete first to
find the value of the expression?
A. 6 + 16
B. 2 x 12
C. 12 6
D. 2 + 16
19. In Joels class, there are twice as many girls as
boys. If there are 9 boys in class, how many
children are in the class?
3. Which number sentence represents the
statement below?
The difference between two numbers is seven.
A. xy = 7
B. x + y = 7
C. x y = 7
D. x 7 = 7
4. Karen has 80 rocks in her collection. She gave 8
less than half of her rocks to her science teacher.
How many rocks does Karen have left?
5. What is the value of the expression below?
46 + 18 6 2
6. Ariane solved the following problems.
4+2=6
6+2=8
8 + 2 = 10

## She came to the conclusion that when she adds 2

to any whole number, the sum will always be even.
Is Ariane correct? Why or why not?
7. Three students solved the expression: 30 (15 +
3) 6. Synia said the solution is 2. Chidimma said
the solution is 12. Chigozie said the solution is 27.
Who is correct? Explain how you know.
8. Andrew decided to visit his sister. He had driven
20 miles when he realized he needed gas. After
filling up, he drove the rest of the way to her
house. Altogether, he drove 46 miles. Which of the
following shows the number of miles he drove from
the gas station to his sisters house?
A. 46 x n = 20
B. 20 n = 46
C. 20 + n = 46
D. n 46 = 20
9. What is the value of the expression below?
45 (18 3) + 6
10. Samuel planted 6 tomatoes plants. Each plant
grew the same number of tomatoes. Altogether,
there were 54 tomatoes. Which equation shows
that T is equal to the number of tomatoes each
plant grew?
A. 54 x 6 = T
B. T + 6 = 54
C. 6 x T = 54
D. 54 6 = T
11. What is the value of the expression below?

4 x (6 + 4) 2
12. What is the missing number for the following?
115 = ? (15 x 4)
13. Which number sentence represents the
statement below?
The quotient of x and y is eight.
A. x + y = 8
B. x y = 8
C. x/y = 8
D. xy = 8
14. What is the value of the expression below?
72 9 + 4 x 2
15. Four students solved the expression below.
(15 + 5) 2 x 4
Wilsons solution was 3, Brodericks solution was
12, Daniels solution was 27 and Marlons solution
was 72. Whose solution is correct?

## 5.OA.2: Write and interpret numerical expressions without

evaluating
1. Semirah feeds her dog 1 cup of dog food in the morning and 2 cups in
the evening. Which expression shows how much she feeds her dog in
one week?
A. (1 x 2) + 7
B. (2 + 1) x 7
C. (1 x 2) x 7
D. (2 x 1) + 7

## 2. Mrs. Brunello is 5 feet 7 inches tall. Which expression shows Mrs.

Brunellos height in inches?
A. (5 + 7) x 12
B. (5 x 7) + 12
C. (5 x 12) + 7
D. (5 + 12) x 7
3. Tawana and Hailey collect coins. Hailey collects 3 times as many
coins as Tawana. If C represents the number of coins Tawana has,
which expression describes the number of coins Tawana and Hailey
have in all?
A. (3 x C) + C
B. (3 + C) + C
C. (3 x C) x C
D. (3 + C) - C
4. Ricky has 3 quarters and 4 dimes. Which expressions could be used
to find the total amount of money he has?
A. (0.25 + 3) x (0.10 + 4)
B. (0.25 x 3) + (0.10 x 4)
C. (0.25 x 3) x (0.10 x 4)
D. (0.25 + 3) + (0.10 + 4)
5. If m represents a number, what is the meaning of 15/m?
6. There are six oranges in a basket. Pablo cuts each orange in half.
Then, Paris cuts each half into 4 slices. Which expression shows the
total number of orange slices?
A. (6 x 2) x 4
B. (6 x 2) + 4
C. (6 2) x 4
D. (6 2) + 4

## 7. Sarah earned \$20 mowing Mr. Dauntes yard. She spent \$5 on a

movie ticket and \$6 on snacks. Which expression shows how much
money she has left?
A. 20 (6 + 5)
B. 20 (11 + 6)
C. 20 (6 5)
D. 20 + (6 + 5)
8. Mrs. Walker planted a vegetable garden. She planted 8 rows of
green bean plants with 11 plants in each row. She also planted 9 rows of
tomato plants with 7 plants in each row. Which equation can be used to
find p, the total number of plants in Mrs. Walkers garden?
A. p = (11 +9) x (8 + 7)
B. p = (8 x 11) + (9 x 7)
C. p = (8 + 11) x (7 + 9)
D. p = (9 + 11) + (7 + 8)
9. Jenny made 12 cupcakes and gave 4 of them to her friends. She
needs to make 24 cupcakes for a party. Which expression shows the
number of cupcakes Jenny still needs to bake?
A. 24 + (12 4)
B. 24 (12 + 4)
C. 24 + (12 + 4)
D. 24 (12 4)
10. Lomarae puts \$5 in her piggy bank each week for eight weeks. She
also added \$25 that her grandfather that her grandfather gave her
for her birthday. Which expression shows how much money she had
left in her piggy bank if she spent \$8 on a new jump rope?
A. (5 x 8) + 25 8
B. (5 + 8) + 25 + 8
C. (5 X 8) x 25 - 8
D. (5 x 8) x 25 + 8

## 5.OA.3: Generate numerical patterns using 2 given rules, form

ordered pairs and graph on a coordinate plane
1. Anthony created a pattern below.
3, 6, 4, 8, 6, 12, 10
What is the rule for the pattern? If the pattern continues, what
number will come next?
2. Which expression best describes the pattern?
1, 2, 5, 14, 41, 122
A. (y x 3) 1
B. (y + 3) 1
C. (y + 4) 2
D. (y x 2) + 1
3. What is the rule for the following?
8, 24, 14, 42, 32, 96, 86

## IReady: Math Common Core Instruction: Teacher

Resource: pp. 16-17
Mini-Lesson/Whole Group:
John has been tracking the growth of his dog since it was a
puppy. He uses a meter stick to measure the dogs height and
records the height as 0.604 meter. Joshs mom asks, How tall
is your dog? What does Josh tell his mom?
With decimals:
0.604 = 0.6 + 0.004
= 6 x 0.1 + 4 x 0.001
With fractions:
0.604 = 6 x 1/10 + 4 x 1/1000

=6/10 + 4/1000
= 604/1000

## Use a place value chart to show place value of each digit.

Ones . tenths
hundredths
thousandths
0
.
6
0
4
-What are the names of the four places in 0.604? (ones,
tenths, hundredths, thousandths)
-Which of those places has the least value? (thousandths)
-Look at the expanded form with fractions. How many
thousandths are there altogether? (604)
-What is the word form of 0.604? (six hundred four
thousandths)
-What is the word form of 1.604? (one and six hundred four
thousandths)
-Explain how reading the digits to the right of the decimal
point and knowing the name of the least place value help you
read a decimal number. Use the examples 0.604 and 1.604 in
thousandths. The digits after the decimal point tell you how
many of those smallest units there are. In 0.604, there are
604 of the smallest unit and in 1.604, there are 604 of the
smallest unit plus 1 whole. To read 1.604, say one and six
hundred four thousandths.
Mathematical Discourse: Why doesnt the expanded form of
this number show hundredths? (There are no hundredths.)

## Partner Practice/Guided Math: Option A: Give students

flash cards and have them build some four digit numbers
similar to those above, using a decimal, and having numbers go
up to thousandths. They will write the word form and
expanded form of each number, using both decimals and
fractions.
For example: 2.463, 5.791, etc.
Build a model expanded form: Option B
Materials: two cards containing each of the digits 6, 0, 4 and
one card containing each of the expressions x 1/10, x
1/100, x 1/1000,
x 0.1, x 0.01, x 0.001.
-Give each student pair a set of cards.
-Have students write 0.604 = on a sheet of paper.
-Have students work together to build the expanded form
using fractions.
-Then have the students build the expanded form using
decimals.
-They should not use the hundredth cards or the 0 cards in
their expanded form.
-Write a place value chart for 0.604.
-Below the chart, aligned with each column, write two
templates for writing decimals in expanded form, including
showing the whole number part: ___ + ____ x 1/10 + ____ x
1/100 + ____ x 1/1000 and ___ + ____ x 0.1 + ____ x 0.01 +
____ x 0.001.
Independent Practice/Homework: Practice and Problem
Solving:

pp. 21-22

## IReady: Math Common Core Instruction: Teacher

Resource: pp. 16-17
Mini-Lesson/Whole Group: A school held a running race.
Abha finished the race one and sixteen thousandths seconds
hundredths seconds ahead of Chandra. What decimals
represent these measurements?
-Write mixed numbers to show the number of whole seconds
and the fraction of a second given by each measurement. Then
expand.
Bell Ringer: Fair Sharing:
What are you sharing? (numerator)
With whom are you sharing it? (Denominator)
of brownie. What portion of the brownie did each friend
Review mixed number (whole + fraction, greater than 1),
improper fraction (greater than 1, numerator is greater
than denominator), proper fraction (less than 1,
numerator smaller than denominator)
-All whole numbers can be fractions rewritten as
equivalent fractions of the total pieces: 6/6 = 1), unit
fractions, benchmark fractions, addend (numbers to be
-What do you notice about 5/4 or 1 ?
-Pose + = 4/8; there are 4 total pieces; most you can
get is 4/4 or 1 whole. Model using number lines:

2/8 + 3/8 =
Standard algorithm
model number line
Fraction strips
Show students two equal pieces of paper divided in half
horizontally and vertically, and ask them to tell which half
is greater. Let them know that both are the same and that
is only greater than the other if the sizes you are
comparing are different.
-Equivalent fractions:

2/4
4/8
8/16
Provide models to show equivalent fractions by drawing
lines to create new equal sizes.