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TRAINING MANUAL

Page 1

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

NORMAL/NON-NORMAL
Procedures
BOEING
B737 600-900ER

Capt. Ganesh Piga


8.4.2011

Z:\6. TRAINING\6.3 Schulungsunterlagen\6.3.2 Boeing\Type Rating B737-300-900\TM - B737\Normal & Non-Normal Procedures

Rev 02/12.08.2011

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 2

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

Table of Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 5

Normal Checklist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 7

Preflight Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 8

Before Start Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 10

Engine Start Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 11

Before Taxi Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 12

Before Takeoff Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 13

Takeoff Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 13

Climb and Cruise Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 16

Descend Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 17

Approach Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 18

Stable Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 19

Landing Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 20

Additional Standard Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 21

Go-Around and Missed Approach Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 23

Landing Roll Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 24

After Landing Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 25

Shut Down Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 26

Secure Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 27

General Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 27

Briefings General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 32

SOP Profiles Normal Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 36

Abnormal & Emergency Procedures General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 45

SOP Profiles Non Normal Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 52

Revision Transmittal Letter


Subject: Training Manual Revision
The following revision highlights explain changes in this revision.

Revision Record
No. Revision Date
0
2
4
6

Date
Filed

April 08, 2011


October 01, 2011

General
Revisions are to provide new or revised procedures and information.
The revision date is the approximate date the manual is made available to the user.

Revision Highlights
Page 8:
Preflight Procedure
First Officer...................Landing Gear Lever (position changed to reflect correct
order in scan flow)
Page 9:
Preflight Procedure
First Officer?????.VHF NAVIGATION radios ?????? SET for DEP
First Officer????.. Landing gear panel?????????...Check
Page 10:
First Officer????.. Text added?????????????.. Arm A/T
Page 11:
Engine Start Procedure
First Officer?????Select Air Cond. Packs OFF (position changed to reflect
correct order in scan flow)
Page 12:
Before Taxi Procedure
Captain??????... Turn on taxi and turn off lights (to reflect industry
standards)
Page 14:
Takeoff Procedure
PF?????????. ..Set Takeoff Thrust (to be in line with standard Boeing
callouts)
Page 15:
Takeoff Procedure
Event............................ At 1000 instead 1500 (to meet industry standards and to
coincide with end of white line indication on PFD, to have
same acceleration altitude on Go Around )
Captain??????.. DELETED: Retractable Landing Lights OFF (PMs task)

Note 4 moved previous, appropriate section


Note 2???????. Acceleration 1000ft aal instead of 1500ft (to meet industry
standards)

Page 17:
Descend Procedure
Note 1???????. Deleted (we are simulating an aircraft with modified pump
logic)
Page 19:
Stable Approach
Text..............................Speedbrakes can be extended with gear and Flaps 10
(typing error)
Stable Approach
Text????????. All approaches must be stable by 1000ft (to meet industry
standards)
Page 20:
First Table:
Header??????? 1000 feet condition instead of 500 feet (to meet industry
standards)
Page 21:
Additional Standard Calls on Final Approach
Passing 1000 RA??. PF / PM call out changed (error corrected)
Page 22:
Circling Approach:
Passing 500 RA.......... PF / PM call out changed (error corrected)
Page 24:
Landing Roll Procedure:
PF?????????thrust as needed (missing word)
Page 25:
After Landing Procedure:
Heather???????Captain and First Officer added (for better understanding,
only valid for airplanes with single nose wheel steering)
Page 37:
Standard Ta ke Off:
Heather changed??. FMC U10.7 and Earlier added (to indicate FMC up-date)
Graphics 800 RAD......Error corrected (to reflect correct FMA indications)
Page 48:
Passenger Evacuation
Text changed????Text changed (to be in line with QRH)
Page 53, 54:
Cabin Altitude warning, Emergency Descend:
Header......................... Captain and First Officer added (for better understanding)
Page 60:
Reject Takeoff:
Captain???????Carry out any recall.. text changed (for better
understanding)

INTRODUCTION
This Cockpit 4 u Operations Manual is type specific to the Boeing 737 NG aircraft. The manual
provides crew-members with additional information on the technical, procedural and other
characteristics of the Boeing 737 NG aircraft. Most of the type related information can be found
in the different Boeing 737 Manuals, which are split into the following:
Boeing 737 Manual
Flight Crew Operations Manual Volume 1
(FCOM 1)
Flight Crew Operations Manual Volume 2
(FCOM 2)
Flight Crew Training Manual (FCTM)
Quick Reference Handbook (QRH)

Bulletins, Limitations, Normal


Procedures, Supplementary
Procedures
Aircraft System description

Performance in-flight,
Non-Normal checklist

GENERAL
In order to fully understand the procedures specified here, pilots must be familiar with standard Boeing
philosophies. Particular attention should be paid to the introduction to the Normal Procedures in the
FCOM Volume 1 which includes diagrams specifying panel scan flows and areas of responsibility, and to
the checklist introduction at the front of the QRH.
C4u SOPs are based as closely as possible on standard Boeing procedures. The Boeing FCOM Normal
Procedures Introduction contains an explanation of the philosophy and assumptions used.

PILOT AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY


Preflight and postflight crew duties are divided between the captain and the first officer. Phase of
Flight duties are divided between the Pilot Flying (PF) and the Pilot Monitoring (PM).Phase of flight duties
begin when the airplane starts moving under its own power and end when the airplane is parked at the
gate. Captain or Pilot Flying initiates checklists depending on flight phase and includes the setup
according the area of responsibility.

NORMAL CHECKLIST OPERATION


The use of normal checklists is detailed in the FCOM QRH "Checklist Introduction" Chapter C I Section
1. The following table shows the different allocation of checklist response according to the Boeing
Standard Operating Procedure.
Please note the following points:
Both pilots visually verify that each item is in the needed configuration or that the step is done.
Where the checklist response is shown as a blank line ( ___ ), the response must be a value or
a position. eg: Parking brake.... ____, response must be "SET" or "RELEASED"
Where checklist items are fitted to both pilot stations, e.g. Oxygen and Windows, then both
Pilots should respond

Normal checklists are used after all appropriate items have been performed.
The following table shows the responsibilities for checklist handling.

Checklist
PREFLIGHT
BEFORE START
BEFORE TAXI
BEFORE TAKEOFF
AFTER TAKEOFF
DESCENT
APPROACH
LANDING
SHUTDOWN
SECURE

Order

Read

Verify

Captain
Captain
Captain
Captain
Pilot flying
Pilot flying
Pilot flying
Pilot flying
Captain
Captain

First Officer
First officer
First officer
First officer
Pilot monitoring
Pilot monitoring
Pilot monitoring
Pilot monitoring
First Officer
First Officer

Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both

Respond
Area of responsibility
Area of responsibility
Area of responsibility
Captain
Pilot monitoring
Area of responsibility
Area of responsibility
Pilot flying
Area of responsibility
Area of responsibility

Boeing 737 NG Normal Checklist


PREFLIGHT
Oxygen??????????.......Tested,100%
NAVIGATION transfer
and DISPLAY SW?????...NORMAL,AUTO
Window heat?????????...????.ON
Pressurization mode selector???...?...AUTO
Flight instruments???..Heading__Altimeter__
Parking brake?????...??????..?.Set
Engine start levers??????..??.CUTOFF
PREFLIGHT CHECKLIST COMPLETED

1/2
2
2
2
1
1
1

BEFORE START
Flight Deck Door?????.?..closed & locked
Fuel?????????.....___KGS,Pumps ON
Passenger signs????????.????ON
Windows?????????..????. Locked
MCP?????????...V2__,HDG__,ALT__
Takeoff speeds???..?.?...V1__,VR__,V2__
CDU Preflight??????????.Completed
Trim???.??????????.__UNITS,0,0
Taxi & takeoff briefing?????.?..Completed
ANTICOLLISION light??????????ON
BEFORE START CHECKLIST COMPLETED

2
2
2
1/2
1
1
1
1
1
2

BEFORE TAXI
Generators??????????????...ON
Probe heat??????????????...ON
Anti-Ice????????????????...__
Isolation valve???????????....AUTO
ENGINE START switches??????...CONT
Recall??????????????..Checked
Autobrake?????????????.?.RTO
Engine start levers???????...IDLE detent
Flight controls?????????...?.Checked
Ground equipment?????????..?Clear
BEFORE TAXI CHECKLIST COMPLETED

2
2
2
2
2
1/2
2
1
1
1/2

BEFORE TAKEOFF
Flaps?????????????.__,Green light
Stabilizer trim????????????..__Units
BEFORE TAKEOFF CHECKLIST COMPLETED

1
1

AFTER TAKEOFF
Engine Bleeds???...??..?????.......ON
Packs????????????????Auto
Landing Gear......................................Up & OFF
Flaps?????????????..Up no lights

PM
PM
PM
PM

AFTER TAKEOFF CHECKLIST COMPLETED

DESCENT
Pressurization??????.?LAND ALT__
PM
Recall?????????????Checked PF/PM
Autobrake................................................___
PF
Landing data????VREF__,Minimums__ PF/PM
Approach briefing????...?....Completed
PF
DESCENT CHECKLIST COMPLETED
APPROACH
Altimeters?????????????.....__

PF/PM

APPROACH CHECKLIST COMPLETED


LANDING
Engine start switches??????...?.....CONT
Speedbrakes?????????...??.ARMED
Landing gear????????????....Down
Flaps???????????...?__,Green light

PF
PF
PF
PF

LANDING CHECKLIST COMPLETED


SHUTDOWN
Fuel pumps?????????????.?..OFF
Probe heat??????????????.?OFF
Hydraulic panel????????????..?.Set
Flaps??????????????????.UP
Parking brake????????????.?..?__
Engine start levers???????.??..CUTOFF
Weather radar????????????...?OFF
SHUTDOWN CHECKLIST COMPLETED
SECURE
IRSS?????????????????..OFF
Emergency exit lights??????????..OFF
WINDOW HEAT???????????.?..OFF
Packs?????????????????..OFF
SECURE CHECKLIST COMPLETED

2
2
2
2
1
1
2

2
2
2
2

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 8

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

AMPLIFIED PROCEDURES SUMMARY


PREFLIGHT PROCEDURE
The summary below does not include the complete procedure, for details refer to FCOM Vol. 1 NP and
the FCTM.
For simplification it is assumed that the Captain performs the exterior inspection and the First Officer
performs the electrical power up (as needed) and the preliminary preflight and preflight procedures, as
well as the Captain is PF and the F/O is PM. If the F/O would be the PF the Captain would perform the
Electrical Power Up and the Preliminary Preflight Procedure. The Exterior Inspection can be done by
either Pilot. Apart from these changes the duties would stay the same.
Both CMs are responsible to control the light switches on their corresponding side of the light panel.

Event

Captain

Arriving at
Airplane documents??..??.....Check
the airplane

Exterior inspection

First Officer
Electrical Power Up (SP.6.1) (SP.6.1-3)
- BATTERY/STBY PWR sws??... Guard closed
- ALTN FLAPS master sw????.Guard closed
- ELEC.HYDR.PUMPS sws???????..OFF
- WIPERS selectors??????????.PARK
- WEATHER RADAR??????..???...OFF
- LANDING GEAR lever?????...DN, 3 green
- GRD POWER switch?????.?????ON
- FAULT / FIRE tests?????.???..Perform
- APU?????????...??Start and on bus
- Wheel well fire warning sys. ??..????Test
Preliminary preflight procedure
- IRS mode selectors??????????.NAV
- Verify:
oxygen pressure
hydraulic quantity
engine oil quantity (min. 13)
Do remaining actions after crew change or
maintenance action:
- Emergency equipment?????..??...Check
- Aft overhead panel check / set???.?Perform
- Circuit breaker panels P6?????..?..Check
- Manuel gear extension access door??.Closed
- Circuit P18????????????.?.Check
- Parking brake??????????.As needed

When
seated

When seated carry out S.L.O.W. check:


S - Seats
L - Lights set (Captain also carries out Lights Test)
O - Oxygen/interphone
W - Window and wall
- Commence CDU Preflight Procedure
- Set the radio navigation aids and displays to enable the departure to be flown with
reference to raw data Set the navigation displays to enable the departure to be
monitored with reference to raw data Set MCP panel as required for departure

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 9

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

When
preflight
procedure
are done

Preflight procedure
- Lights???????...???...Test
- EFIS control panel??..?...??.Set
- MCP?????????...??...Set
- Oxygen?????..?...Test and set
- Clock????????????.Set
- NWS?????.......... Guard closed
- Display select panel?..??.....Norm
- Disengage light TEST sw?...Hold
- STAB OUT OF TRIM??..?.exting.
- Flight instruments????.....Check
- Standby instruments????.Check
- Standby RMI?????...???Set
- SPEEDBRAKE lever????DOWN
- Revers thrust levers????...Down
- Forward thrust levers?..??.Closed
- FLAP lever?????..????Set
- Parking brake????..????Set
- Engine start levers????CUTOFF
- STABILIZER TRIM sws..........NORM
- Radio tuning panel????..??Set
- VHF NAVIGATION radios??.....Set
- Audio control panel??.?..??.Set
- Seat and rudder pedals???Adjust

Preflight procedure
- Flight control panel?????????......Check
- NAVIGATION/DISPLAYS panel????.??.Set
- Fuel panel?????????????...?....Set
- Electrical panel?????????????...Set
- (Overheat and fire protection panel)?...?..Check
- APU switch (as needed)?????..??..START
- EQUIP.COOLING sws?????????NORM
- EMERG. EXIT LIGHTS?????...Guard closed
- Passenger signs??????..??????..Set
- WIPER selectors????????.???..PARK
- WINDOW HEAT sws??????.?????ON
- PROBE / HEAT sws???????????OFF
- WING ANTI-ICE sw.???????..???.OFF
- ENGINE ANTI-ICE sws??????.???.OFF
- Hydraulic panel??????????..???Set
- Air conditioning panel??????..????.Set
- Cabin pressurization panel?..??????...Set
- Lighting panel (LDG lights)????????OFF
- Ignition select sws??..????????L ore R
- ENGINE START sws???????.???.OFF
- Lighting panel (Logo, position etc.)?????Set
- MCP??????????????????.Set
- EFIS control panel?????????..??...Set
- Oxy..???????????...??.Test and Set
- Clock???????????...??????.Set
- Display select panel?????..????..NORM
- Disengage light TEST sw.?..???.??.Hold
- Flight instruments???????????.Check
- GROUND PROXIMITY panel??????Check
- Landing gear panel????????..??Check
- AUTOBRAKE selector??????.???..RTO
- Engine display control panel????????Set
- Engine instruments??????????..Check
- CARGO FIRE panel??????????Check
- Radio tuning panel????????????Set
- VHF NAVIGATION radios ?..???.Set for Dep.
- Seat and rudder pedals???..?????.Adjust

- Order: PREFLIGHT CHECKLIST

- Read the Checklist and report:


PREFLIGHT CHECKLIST COMPLETED

Event

PF

As soon as
Preflight CL is
done

Complete taxi and take-off briefing

PM

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 10

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

BEFORE START PROCEDURE


Event

Captain

When final loadsheet is available

First Officer

Check loadsheet, read out


appropriate loadsheet data and
enter the ZFW into the FMC
Set stab trim

Copy loadsheet data when read


out, complete performance
calculation, enter the assumed
temperature / V speeds into
the FMC and set V2 on the MCP
and arm A/T

Pass loadsheet to right seat pilot

Verify that the performance


calculations, the FMC assumed
temperature / V speeds and the
MCP speed are correct

Pass performance data to


Captain
Verify that the ZFW entry into the
FMC is correct by crossreference
with the loadsheet

When CDU preflight procedures are complete the PF normally selects the TAKEOFF REF page and the
PM selects the LEGS page.

Event
When all doors are
closed

Ground Crew

Captain

"Ground to Flight Deck:


All external doors &
hatches are closed and
steering bypass pin is
installed?

"Flight Deck to Ground:


We are ready for push
and start, confirm all
checks are done and the
pin is installed

First Officer

Complete remaining
items of before start
procedure (Note1)
Fuel pump switches SET(Note 2)

Ground crew ready for


start-up /push back

Electric Hydraulic
Pump switches - ON
Anti Collision Light - ON
Transponder - ALT ON
Check each trim for
freedom of movement.
(Note 3)
Set trims:
Stab Trim for T/O
Rudder trim - 0
Aileron trim - 0
Call for "Before
start checklist

Read Before start


Checklist "Before
start checklist
completed
Request push/start
clearance from ATC

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 11

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

NOTE:
1

The procedure will be automatically commenced when the ground crew has confirmed that the
steering by-pass pin is installed (push back) or check complete (no push back).

Centre tank fuel pumps should be switched ON during the Before Start Procedure if centre tank fuel
quantity is 453kg or more. The crew should verify the amber LOW PRESSURE lights illuminate
momentarily and then extinguish.

Freedom of movement check is only required once per flight day or after a crew change. Full range
deflection is not required.

ENGINE START PROCEDURE


Allocation of duties and standard calls
Event
Engine Start

N1 rotation, and N2
25% or max. motoring
(min. 20%)
When the start
selector has returned
to OFF (56% N2) and
the Start Valve Open
light has extinguished
Second engine start
uses the same
procedure
Both engines are
stable

Ground Crew
"You are cleared to start
engine No.__

Captain
"Am I cleared to start
engine No.__?

Announce "Start
engine No._
Start Lever to Idle

First Officer
Commence engine
start procedure
Select Air Cond Packs
OFF
Select secondary
engine instruments
Select Eng Start switch
to GRD

"Starter Cut-out"

"Cleared to disconnect
Headset. See you on the
Left/Right/Ahead, with
the Pin

NOTE:
1

At least one clock must record the beginning of engine start for maximum starter duty operation. If
required, the other clock should be used from start lever to idle.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 12

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

BEFORE TAXI PROCEDURE


The First Officer's Before Taxi Procedure may be commenced prior to towbar disengagement as long as
the nose wheel steering bypass pin is in use. The RECALL check is carried out by the First Officer but
verified by both pilots.

NOTE:
1

Recall is used to ensure that items that do NOT appear on the checklist are correctly set.
Therefore it is vital that this check is properly carried out.

When the Captain performs the rudder check, the First Officer must follow on through to ensure that the
First Officer's seat is correctly positioned to allow full deflection of the rudder pedals.

Event
Engines stable

Captain
Announce "Flap 1" or "Flap 5"
as applicable.

- Recall?????.?...?.Check
- Flight controls???...?Check
Call for "Before Taxi Checklist
Turn on taxi and turn off lights
Check left side of aircraft is clear
- Call "Clear left
Commence taxiing

First Officer
Set flaps as instructed and
complete Before Taxi procedure
(Note 1)
- Flap lever???..??..Set for T/O
- GEN 1 and 2???????....ON
- PROBE???????..???ON
- ANTI-ICE?????.....As needed
- Both PACKs???????AUTO
- ISOVALV????????.AUTO
- APU BLEED???..?..As needed
- ENG START switches?..?.CONT
- APU?????.???.As needed
- Recall????????..?.Check
- Lower DU?????Blank for T/O
Read Before Taxi Checklist
"Before Taxi Checklist completed
Call for taxi clearance
Check right side of aircraft is clear Call "Clear right"

NOTE:
1

If a bleeds off take-off is scheduled and anti -ice is not required for taxi, configure for the bleeds
off take-off just after engine start. Ref FCOM Vol 1 SP.2.5

If pushing back without Steering Lock out Pin installed and Hydraulic A depressurized, any electrical
and hydraulic switching must be made after tow cart disconnected.
When remote de-icing is required, flaps should be selected after de-icing is completed. If contaminated
surface condition requires to leave flaps up for taxi, selection of flaps must be delayed until approaching
the take off position but must be performed prior the BEFORE TAKEOFF CL.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 13

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

BEFORE TAKEOFF PROCEDURE


Event

Captain

During a convenient turn


(one direction only
required)

Flaps selected and


"Cabin Secure for
Takeoff" received

First Officer
Check the following standby flight
instruments:
Standby Compass, Standby Attitude
Indicator, Standby RMI.

Call for
"Before Takeoff Checklist

Read the Before Takeoff Checklist


"Before Takeoff Checklist
completed

NOTE:
1

During taxi, the First Officer sets the transponder code and the MCP altitude window (as
required), in response to any ATC clearance issued. The Captain must acknowledge any
changes.

TAKEOFF PROCEDURE
When line up clearance is received the captain should carry a silent touchdrill of his RTO actions.

Event
Entering runway

Captain
Select:

Retractable lights ON
Taxi light OFF
Weather radar / Terrain
display ON (Note 2)
Cleared for Takeoff

First Officer
If required: update FMC Takeoff Ref
page with Takeoff shift configure for
bleeds off take off
(Note 1).
Select:
Strobes ON
Weather radar / Terrain Display
ON (Note 2)
Transponder to TA/RA

Fixed landing lights ON

NOTE:
1

If a bleeds off take-off is scheduled and antiice is required for taxi, configure for the bleeds off
take-off just prior to take-off. Ref FCOM Vol 1 SP.2.5.

A least one display should be selected to weather radar in order to enable predictive windshear
detection.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 14

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

Event
Commencing
takeoff roll
Both engines stable with
symmetrical thrust
(minimum
40% N1)
Thrust approaches
Takeoff N1
80 kts
V1 speed

PF

PM

Advance thrust levers to achieve


minimum 40% N1
Select TOGA button

Monitor thrust indications

"Set T/O Thrust" (Note 1)

"Thrust Set" (Note 2)

"Check
(Note 3)

"80 Knots"
"V1"

Vr speed

"Rotate"

NOTE:
1

When the First Officer is the PF, he removes his hand from the thrust levers as N1 approaches
takeoff N1. At the same time the Captain places his hand on the thrust levers until V1.

The PM will ensure the thrust levers advance to takeoff N1 and will manually adjust the thrust
levers as required.

The Captain must keep his hand on the thrust levers until V1.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 15

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

Event
Positive rate of climb is
indicated
Above 400ft RA
Above minimum altitude
for Autopilot
engagement
At 1000ft aal
At acceleration
altitude (Note2)

Flaps are up and LE


Flap Transit light
extinguished

PF
Respond "Gear Up
Call for appropriate roll mode if required
Engage A/P Call "Autopilot A/B to
command" (Note1)

PM
Call "Positive Rate"
Select Gear Up
Select roll mode as directed
Verify autopilot engaged

Call "Climb Thrust" or Set Climb


Thrust
Call "Flap Up speed" In autoflight set the
speed bug to the flaps up manoeuvring
speed. Call for flap retraction in
accordance with the flap retraction speed
schedule (Note 4)

Monitor automatic thrust


reduction
In manual flight set the speed
bug to the flaps up manoeuvring
speed. Position flap lever as
directed by the PF and monitor
flap retraction (Note 3)

Select or call VNAV or LVL CHG as


required.

Call "Flaps Up, No Lights"


When workload permits:
Landing Gear Lever - OFF
Autobrake - OFF
Engine Start Switches - as
required
Retractable Landing Lights -OFF

When workload and


Flight conditions permit

Call for "After Takeoff Checklist

Set or verify Engine Bleeds and


Air Conditioning Packs in
operation, and check the
pressurisation system
Read the After Takeoff Checklist
"After Takeoff Checklist
completed

NOTE:
1

After passing 400ft AGL the autopilot should be engaged. Any intention by PF to fly manually
above 400ft aal must be stated in advance as part of the takeoff briefing and is subject to the
agreement of the aircraft Commander.

Standard acceleration altitude is 1000ft aal unless noise abatement procedures dictate otherwise.

If the initial cleared altitude or flight level for departure is less than 3000'aal, Altitude Acquire may
occur before flap retraction. Speed control reverts to the MCP window, further acceleration and
flap retraction should be anticipated and will require MCP speed selection to Clean Speed. This
should be set without delay in order to avoid unnecessary thrust lever movement.

Flaps should not be retracted from 1 to UP during tight departure turns with anti-ice on, to avoid
possible nuisance stick shaker activation.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 16

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

CLIMB AND CRUISE PROCEDURE


Allocation of duties and standard calls
Event
Cleared to a flight level and
not later than Transition
Altitude (Note 1)

1000ft to level off


Passing FL100
FL100

When conditions permit


above FL100

PF

PM

Call "Set Standard

Set standard

Respond "Cross-Checked

Call "Standard Set,


Passing Flight Level__"
"Thousand To Go"
Call "Flight Level One
Hundred"
Select:
Landing Lights OFF

"Check"
Respond "Check, Altimeters Set, Climbing
Flight Level__
Silent check of:
F - Fuel - balance and pump configuration;
L - Lights - as required;
A - APU - as required;
P - Pressurisation pos. differential pressure
S - Seat Belts - (see below)
Call "Fasten Belts -AUTO

Runway turnoff, taxi, logo,


wheel well Lights - OFF
Select Fasten Belts - AUTO

NOTE:
1

When in level flight and cleared from an altitude to a Flight Level, ensure that Standard is set and
altimeters are cross-checked prior to initiating the climb.

Event
Top of Climb
Cruise

PF

PM

Complete top of climb panel scan, then as required in Complete Computer Flight Plan
the cruise
(CFP)
Complete FMC arrival planning
Obtain weather as required
Obtain weather of DEST and
ALTN airport
Before the top of descent, modify
the active route as needed for
arrival and approach, if not done
or ordered by PF
Verify selected approach in FMC
corresponds with planned
approach at destination. (e.g. for
NDB appr. also select NDB appr.
in FMC), if not done by PF

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 17

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

DESCENT PROCEDURE
Event
Prior to Top of Descent

PF

PM

Complete approach preparation and briefing.


Calculate landing data and
set FMC Vref speed
Complete descent procedure

At TOD (or during descent by


10,000ft)

Call for "Descent checklist"

Read Descent checklist


"Descent checklist completed"

NOTE:
Turn the remaining center tank fuel pump switch OFF without delay when the Master Caution and FUEL
system annunciator illuminate.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 18

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

APPROACH PROCEDURE
Event

PF

When destination airport ATIS


has been copied
1000ft to level off
10 mins to landing or FL100 at
the latest

Set destination airport QNH on


standby altimeter
"Check"
Instruct PM to request the Cabin
Crew to prepare the cabin for
landing

Passing FL100

Respond "Check, Altimeters Set,


Descending Flight Level__ or
__ft, MSA__FT" Check position
in relation to the MSA

When cleared from a flight level


to an altitude (Note 1)

Set destination airport QNH


Call "Set QNH" (Note 2)
Respond "Cross-Checked

Altimeters set to QNH and


navigation aids set for the
approach
First pilot to observe radio
altitude indication

PM
"Thousand To Go"
Select FASTEN BELTS - ON
and make a PA:
"Cabin Crew, Prepare
the Cabin for Landing"
Call "Flight Level One
Hundred"
(If QNH is set call should be
referenced to altitude)
Select:
Fixed Landing Lights ON
Turn off Lights - ON
Logo Light - ON (night only)

"QNH Set and call subscale


setting and altitude/passing
altitude.
e.g. "1012 set, passing
five thousand three hundred"
Verify navigation aids are set and identified for approach
Call for "Approach Checklist
Read the Approach Checklist
"Approach Checklist
completed
Call "Rad Alt Alive"
The other pilot responds "Check, QNH set"

NOTE:
1

When in level flight and cleared from a Flight Level to an altitude, ensure that QNH is set and
altimeters are cross-checked prior to initiating the descent.

Exceptionally, if ATC request a report on passing a specified flight level, the setting of QNH may
be delayed until that level has been passed but QNH must be set by the Transition Level.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 19

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

STABLE APPROACH
It should be clearly understood that an unstable approach is more likely to result in a hazardous landing
with the resultant high risk of an accident. The majority of unstable approaches result from a lack of
appreciation of the aircraft energy level at an early part of the approach and the resultant failure to slow
the aircraft in a controlled manner.
At initial approach speed the landing gear is the most effective form of air-brake. Speedbrake can be
extended with gear and Flap 10. Obviously the Speedbrake can be extended as well in the clean
configuration but the maximum allowed Flap setting is 10. Develop your mental 'gates' for speed and
configuration targets. The PF and the PM are to monitor the descent profile versus the track miles to run
throughout the descent. The priority must always be to avoid a rushed approach.
The following descent gates should normally be used:
35 nm 10000 feet 250kts
20 nm 6000 feet 210kts
10 nm 3000 feet 180kts
Occasionally ATC may request 180kts until 4dme. Crew should be aware that in most circumstances, this
will result in the aircraft not being able to meet the stable criteria by 1000ft. Crews should not normally
accept anything faster than 180kts until 6dme or 160 until 4dme to ensure that a stable approach is
achieved.
The criteria for a stabilised approach are:

Aircraft in landing configuration.


Final approach speed +10/-5 kt.
Rate of descent less than 1000 ft per minute.
ILS: Aircraft within +/- 1 dot of glideslope/LOC.
NPA or visual approach: The aircraft is on the correct lateral and vertical flightpath.
Bank angle less than 15.
Normal approach thrust set.

The landing gear must be down by 1500ft above Touch Down Zone Elevation (TDZE). Transient
fluctuations caused by atmospheric conditions are acceptable if corrected in a timely manner.
Rate of descent limit may be increased by 150fpm per 0.5 degree that the published approach path
exceeds 3 degrees.
All approaches must be stable by 1000ft above TDZE (Barometric Altimeter), with the exception of
circling approaches as follows:
For circling approaches only, a maximum 15 bank angle at 400ft within +/- 30 final.
If the Commander is in any doubt as to whether a stabilised approach can be achieved, he should review
the need for a go-around at an early stage. If a stabilised approach cannot be achieved, he must ensure
that a go-around is carried out.
If the aircraft is not in the landing configuration by 1000ft above TDZE a go around must be initiated.
If the parameters of a stabilised approach are not achieved at 500 feet and maintained until landing a goround must be initiated.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 20

BOEING
B737 600-900ER
The following calls are to be made:

1000 feet Condition


(see Note 1 )

PF
Stable
Not Stable
Go around, Flap 15

Stable
Unstable

PM
Check
Go Around, Flap 15 (Flap 1
single engine)

NOTE:
1

"1000" must be called by the PM if the auto callout does not occur.

LANDING PROCEDURE
Event
As required

Established on approach
No later than 1500ft aal

PF
Call for flap extension in
accordance with the flap
extension schedule

PM
Position flap lever as directed
and monitor flap extension

Select landing lights as required


Select gear down, position flap
lever as directed and monitor
flap extension
Speedbrake is ARMED by the Captain when the Landing Gear is selected down
Select engine start switches to
CONT
Call "Flap (30 or 40)" in
Position flap lever as directed
accordance with the flap
and monitor flap extension
schedule
Call for "Landing Checklist "
Read the Landing Checklist and
call "Landing Checklist
completed"
On selection of landing flap, the final value of MCP speed should be announced by the pilot making the
selection, taking account of the reported wind conditions
Call "Gear Down flaps 15"

NOTE:
1

The Missed Approach Altitude (MAA) should be set as follows:


ILS At G/S capture
NPA - When 300ft below MAA or platform altitude if lower
Circling At MDA (ALT HLD annunciated) set the MAA for the instrument approach in use

A silent check of the MAA should be made at the approach fix for all approaches.
2

If the flight directors have been switched off during the approach they should be re-selected to ON
after the aircraft has descended below the Missed Approach Altitude. This keeps the command
bars out of view if the approach is continued visually, but allows full functionality of the Flight
Director system if a go-around is executed.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 21

BOEING
B737 600-900ER
3

Dual autopilot engagement is only approved when an automatic landing is planned. Engagement
of the second autopilot in order to facilitate an auto go around from a single channel approach is
not approved.

Additional Standard Calls on Final Approach


Manual Approach or Single Channel Approach to Manual Landing
Event
Localiser alive
Localiser Captured
Glideslope alive
Glideslope captured
FAF or OM
Passing 1000 ft RA
100 ft above Decision Altitude (DA)
or Company Decision
Altitude (CDA)
At DA/MDA

PF

PM

"Check"
Set RWY HDG
"Check"
Set Go Around altitude
"Crosschecked"
Stable" or "Not stable Go
around Flap 15"
"Check"

"Localiser alive"
Localiser Captured
"Glideslope alive"
Glideslope captured
OM__ft
Check or Go-Around, Flap 15
as appropriate
"Approaching Minimums"

Respond "Continue" or
"Go-Around" as appropriate

"Minimums"

Dual Channel Approach to Automatic Landing


Event
Passing 500' RA, auto call out
500

Approaching minimums"
autocallout
At DH Minimums
autocallout

PF
Checks FLARE ARMED
annunciation and respond
"Stable, Flare Armed"
or "Not Stable, Go- Around"
"Check"
Respond "Continue" or
"Go-Around" as appropriate

PM
Checks FLARE ARMED is
annunciated and calls
"Check" or "Go-Around,
Flap 15" as appropriate

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 22

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

Circling Approach
Event
100 ft above MDA
At MDA
Passing 500 ft RA

PF
"Check"
Call "Maintain" or "Go-Around"
as appropriate
Stable" or "Not stable Go
around, Flap 15"

PM
"Approaching Minimums"
"Minimums"
Check or Go-Around, Flap 15
as appropriate

NOTE:
1

At 100ft above DA/DH: If the autopilot is engaged, the PF should look for external visual
reference; in manual flight he should remain on instruments until DA/DH, and the PM should look
for external visual reference. If the PM acquires visual reference he should state what is seen
relative to the aircraft, e.g. "Approach lights visual at 11 o'clock".

Some standard calls are made by an automated voice. The PF must make the appropriate
response to an automated call. When an automated call is anticipated, but does not occur, the PM
must make the call.

The PM will immediately call "No Flare" or "No Retard" as applicable if either of these situations
should occur. These calls would require the PF to confirm the subsequent action.

On a visual approach or when the PF calls "Visual" on an instrument approach; the only call that
the PF is required to respond to is "Five Hundred".

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 23

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

GO-AROUND AND MISSED APPROACH PROCEDURE


Event
Go-around decision

PF
Push TOGA switch Call
"Go-around, Flap 15"
Rotate to go around attitude
Verify that the thrust increases

Positive rate of climb is


indicated

Respond "Gear Up"

Above 400ft RA

Engage autopilot and


autothrottle. Call "Autopilot
A/B to command"
Select appropriate roll mode and
verify/engage the A/T
Verify mode annunciations and
correct tracking of missed
approach procedure
Call "Flaps_" in accordance
with the flap retraction speed
schedule

At acceleration altitude (1000ft


aal or published missed
approach acceleration altitude if
higher)
Flaps are up and LE Flap Transit
light extinguished

After flap retraction to the


planned flap setting

PM
Position flap lever to 15 and
monitor flap retraction
Verify that the thrust is sufficient
for the go-around or adjust as
needed
Call "Positive Rate"
Select Gear Up
Verify that the missed approach
altitude is set
Verify autopilot engaged

Position flap lever as directed by


the PF and monitor flap
retraction
Call "Flaps Up, No Lights"

Verify that climb thrust is set


Verify that the missed approach
altitude is captured

Select LVL CHG (VNAV may be


selected if the flaps are up)
Call for "After Takeoff
Checklist"

When workload permits Select


Landing Gear Lever - OFF
Engine Start Switches As
required
Retractable ldg lights - Off
Read the After Takeoff Checklist
"After Takeoff Checklist
completed"

NOTE:
1

If ALT ACQUIRE occurs during acceleration the MCP speed will require selection. The PF should
call "Flap Up speed".

The PF may decide to retract flaps to an intermediate position for better manoeuvrability.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 24

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

LANDING ROLL PROCEDURE


Event
Weight on wheels

PF

PM

Verify SPEED BRAKE Lever UP

Verify SPEED BRAKE Lever UP.


Call "Speed Brakes Up" or
"Speed Brakes Not Up" as
required.
Verify reversers unlock.

Without delay, select idle


reverse.
Apply reverse thrust as needed
At 60 knots
Prior to taxi speed

Disarm the autobrake by


applying manual braking and
continue manual braking as
necessary to make appropriate
runway turnoff. (Note 1)

Call "60 knots"


On illumination of the
AUTOBRAKE DISARM light call
"Autobrake disarm"

NOTE:
1

Below 60kts when conditions are suitable the Captain may disarm the autobrake by stowing the
speedbrake lever. When PF, the First Officer may also request this action below 60kts by calling:
"Stow speedbrake".

When First Officer is the PF he should keep the aircraft on the centreline, braking as required for
the required runway exit point or until the Captain takes control. The Captain should plan to take
control, at normal taxi speed with reverse thrust cancelled, as the aircraft approaches the runway
turnoff.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 25

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

AFTER LANDING PROCEDURE


Event
Vacating Runway
The speedbrake lever is in the
DOWN detent, and
The aircraft has vacated the
runway, and
The taxi route has been
acknowledged and understood

PF / Captain
Select LANDING, TAXI and
RUNWAY TURNOFF light
switches as needed.
(Note 1)

PM / First Officer
Note time
Start the APU

Check the LANDING, TAXI


and RUNWAY TURNOFF
switches as needed
Set the PROBE HEAT
switches to OFF;
Set the ENGINE START
switches to OFF
Set the STROBE light switches
to OFF
Set the weather radar to OFF
Set the AUTOBRAKE selector
to OFF
Set the flap lever to UP
Transponder ALT ON
If available select APU
Generator on
Monitor hydraulic system
and brake accumulator pressure

Turning onto stand

Call "All lights OFF

Announce "After Landing


Scan complete"
Select taxi and turn off lights
OFF as instructed
Select ENG on lower DU

NOTE:
1

This is a variant to the normal Boeing procedure. Normally all light switches are handled by the
PM.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 26

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

SHUTDOWN PROCEDURE
Event

Captain

Taxi complete

Set parking brake ON

Parking brake set and Electrical


power set

Engine start levers to CUTOFF


FD switch to OFF

First Officer
Select electrical power as needed
(APU or GRD POWER)
If towing is not needed:
FASTEN BELTS switch OFF
Fuel pump switches OFF (Note1)
CAB/UTIL or GALLEY power
switch as needed
WING ANTI-ICE switch OFF;
ENGINE ANTI-ICE switches OFF
ELECTRIC HYDRAULIC PUMP
switches OFF (Note 2)
Air conditioning PACK switches
as needed
ISOLATION VALVE switch OPEN;
Engine BLEED air switches ON
APU BLEED air switch ON
Anti collision light (N2 below 20%)
OFF
Exterior lights switches as needed
FLIGHT DIRECTOR switches OFF

Call for "SHUTDOWN


checklist
GRD power in use

MCP airspeed bug set to


minimum
Transponder mode selector SBY,
set code 0000
Read the SHUTDOWN checklist
"SHUTDOWN checklist
complete
APU switch as needed

NOTE:
1

If APU is running, leave at least the left forward main pump ON.

The B system electric hydraulic pump may be left ON if required in windy conditions.

If it is necessary to release the parking brake for brake cooling, the crew must first request that
the aircraft is securely chocked at the nose wheel and main wheels.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 27

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

SECURE PROCEDURE
Event

Captain

Passengers disembarked and


the aircraft is not on handover

Call for "Secure Checklist"


Electrical power not required
(Note 1)

First Officer

Carry out secure procedure

Call for "Electrical Power


Down Supplementary
Procedure"

Read the Secure Checklist


"Secure Checklist completed"
Carry out procedure as
instructed

NOTE:
1

Aircraft must not be left with APU running unless attended by a qualified pilot or engineer

GENERAL PROCEDURES
MANUAL FLIGHT
The autothrottle will not normally be used during manual flight except for takeoff, climb and go-around.
The PM will normally make MCP selections on the instructions of the PF, except for heading and altitude
changes from ATC clearances and speed selections associated with flap position changes, which should
be made by the PM without specific directions.

AUTOMATIC FLIGHT
The autopilot will normally cope well with most non-normal configurations, including flight on one engine,
provided it is properly trimmed out.
Selection of the autopilot is by PF, who will announce the engagement of the appropriate autopilot by
stating, "Autopilot A/B to Command".
The PF will normally make MCP selections and both pilots will monitor the FMA to ensure that the
selected mode is correctly annunciated.
It is normal practise that if the autopilot is engaged then the autothrottle should also be engaged, except
in the case of flight on one engine.
If the autothrottle is unserviceable and the autopilot is engaged, special care must be taken to avoid low
speed situations.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 28

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

THRUST SETTING PROCEDURES


Except for manual landings, the required thrust will normally be set by the autothrottle. Manual landings
will be performed with the autothrottle fully disengaged.
MCP thrust (N1) modes will be selected by the PF when in autoflight and by the PM when in manual
flight. Thrust (N1) modes that are selectable by pressing a TO/GA switch will be selected by the PF. The
PM will monitor that the autothrottle sets the thrust correctly.
If the autothrottle is disengaged during autoflight, care must be taken to ensure that accurate speed
control is maintained. In this configuration, or during manual flight with the autothrottle disengaged, the
PF will either set the required thrust himself or direct the PM to do so using one of the Boeing
recommended phrases listed below:
"Set Go-around Thrust"
"Set Max Continuous Thrust"
"Set Climb Thrust"
"Set Cruise Thrust"

REVERSE THRUST / WHEEL BRAKES


Reference to the planned reverse thrust and autobrake setting should be made in the approach briefing
and should take into account factors such as:
Aircraft weight
Landing distance available
Runway surface conditions
Crosswind
Brake cooling requirements
Local noise restrictions.

REVERSE THRUST
The standard thrust setting for landing is second detent reverse. However up to maximum reverse may
be used if conditions or circumstances require it.

NAVIGATION AIDS
Prior to departure both pilots should identify those navigation aids that are receivable on the ground.Use
of the Auto-ident facility, will suffice.
In flight the PM will normally select the navigation aids under the direction of the PF. All navigation aid
selections will be communicated to the other crewmember so that both pilots are aware of the navigation
aids selected and in use.
Prior to commencing an approach those navigation aids required for the approach should be identified by
both pilots.
With the exception of PRNAV procedures; all departures, arrivals and approaches must be monitored in
raw data below MSA, irrespective of the AFDS mode use to fly the procedure.

FLAPS
GENERAL
The PF will call for the required flap setting according to the flap speed schedule and the PM will check
that the speed is correct for the required selection, positioning the flap lever as directed and monitor flap
and slat movement.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 29

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

FLAP RETRACTION
Flaps should not be retracted from 1 to UP during tight departure turns with anti-ice on, to avoid possible
nuisance stick shaker activation.
Following flap retraction, the speed should not be increased above clean speed until the PM has called
"flaps up, no lights".

FLAP EXTENSION
When the flap lever is moved, the flap gauge will be monitored for flap movement. The MCP speed
should be set to the manoeuvring speed for the selected flap.
During automatic flight, the PF will monitor that the required flap selection has been made and select the
required speed. During manual flight, the PF will monitor that the required flap selection has been made
by PM and the PM (without further direction from the PF) will select the required speed. Further flap
extension should not be made until within 10kts of the current flap manoeuvre speed. Using flap as
Speedbrakes is ineffective, puts large stresses on the flap tracks and should be avoided.
When approach procedures or ATC require a speed other than a flap manoeuvring speed, the nearest
flap below the requested speed should be used .The speed should be selected on the MCP and
announced as a numerical value by the pilot making the selection, e.g. "speed 160". On selection of the
landing flap, setting the final value of the MCP speed setting will be announced as a numerical value by
the pilot making the selection, taking account of the reported wind conditions.

FLAP SETTINGS ON THE APPROACH


Flap position 2, 10 and 25 are not required in standard profiles.

FMC PROGRAMMING IN FLIGHT


In flight the FMC should be programmed by the PM under the direction of the PF, except that during the
cruise the PF will normally programme the anticipated arrival routing. During the approach and landing
brief the PF should state the intended flap setting for the approach, the PM should then select the flap
setting for the landing weight on the Approach Ref page. Confirmation is required from the PF before the
PM executes any changes that will alter the aircraft current flight profile (i.e. "Direct To" or alterations to
cruising speed etc.).
FMC programming is not recommended at low altitude.

SUGGESTED FMC DEFAULT PAGES


Phase

PF

PM

Taxi
Take-off
Climb
Cruise
Descent & Approach
Landing
Go-around

Take-off
Take-off
Climb
Progress
Descent
App Ref
Climb

Legs
Legs
Legs
Legs
Legs
Legs
Legs

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 30

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

SPEED BRAKES
The PF must keep his hand on the speedbrake lever when they are in use, with the exception of other
vital actions for brief periods only, such as operation of the MCP panel. For the final approach, the speed
brakes will be armed by the Captain when the landing gear is selected down. Ideally the speed brakes
are not used in conjunction with flaps, and they must not be used with the flaps beyond "10".
The PF will announce speed brakes selection immediately prior to selection by calling "Speedbrake".

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 31

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

COMMUNICATIONS - FLIGHT DECK / CABIN CREW COMMUNICATION


Event

Cabin Crew

Flight Deck

Following passenger
boarding and on
completion of the head count.

Purser will report in


person to the Captain and
confirms: "Total Passengers
on Board"

Captain acknowledges
report, confirms "Close
Doors"

Following emergency
demonstration and cabin
secure check

On completion of the
cabin secure checks prior
to take-off the Purser
should inform the First
Officer that the cabin is
secure for take-off by using the
interphone system. The Purser
will use the words "Cabin
Secure for Take-Off".
Purser will initiate cabin
service

The First Officer will then call


"Cabin Secure for Take-Off"
ensuring that the Captain
acknowledges this action
and call. The Captain will
acknowledge this action
and call by calling
"Check".

At the discretion of the


Commander and when the
flaps are up.
Passing FL100 in the
climb
Descending through
FL100 or 10 min to

Following cabin
secure check

On completion of the
Cabin Secure checks
prior to landing, the
Purser will communicate
with the PM by using the
service interphone and
confirm that the cabin is
secure. The Purser will
use the words "Cabin
secure for landing"

PM cycles the fasten belts


switch to OFF and back to ON.
PF instructs the PM to switch the
Fasten Belts sign to 'Auto' if flight
conditions permit.
PM announces "Cabin Crew,
prepare the Cabin for Landing"
on the PA and selects the
FASTEN BELTS sign to 'ON'
The PM will
communicate with the
Purser by using the
service interphone and
acknowledge that the
cabin is secure. The PM
will call "Cabin secure for
landing" ensuring that the
PF acknowledges this call. The
PF will acknowledge this
action and call by calling
"Check".

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 32

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

BRIEFINGS GENERAL
PILOT IN-FLIGHT BRIEFINGS
Briefings are summaries and although they need to cover a minimum number of topics they should be as
concise and relevant as possible. They should also be structured and follow a logical format. The
checklists in the following section detail the items that should be covered in each briefing.
Crews should conduct all briefings in an interactive style to increase the participation and check the
understanding of the PM.
Under certain circumstances a reduced "Standard Brief" may be considered to be more appropriate than
the "Normal Full Brief" as described in this section. The Commander may indicate that a "Standard Brief"
would be considered appropriate for that particular occasion. A Standard Brief should include a quick
cross check of all navigational aids, courses, associated mimima and performance considerations.
Examples of when a Standard Brief would be appropriate are when the weather conditions are
favourable and a crew have already operated into that particular airfield on that day, or when the weather
conditions are favourable and the crew are operating from or into their home base, other than the first
sector of the day. The following section detail the items that should be considered for inclusion in each
briefing.

BRIEFING FROM THE GLASS


Accurate programming of the FMC is important to ensure that departure and arrival routings are flown
correctly. For P-RNAV routes, even greater reliance is placed upon the FMC and any errors in the FMC
database programme must be detected before the procedure is commenced.
To help ensure that any FMC errors, no matter how small, will be detected at the briefing stage the
technique of briefing from the glass has been adopted. The PF will prepare the FMC as accurately as
possible, including when appropriate as much detail as possible on the Descent Forecast page. As a
part of his preparation, the PF will cross-refer between the FMC and Jeppesen chart remembering that
RNAV procedures selected from the database must not be altered in anyway whilst NON-RNAV
procedures may be fine-tuned if required.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 33

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

DEPARTURE
When the PF is ready to brief the departure, after the initial check of clocks, taxi out, emergencies etc,
he/she should, as usual, commence with a cross-check of the relevant charts and dates, followed by
general items such as Transition Altitude, MSAs, Notes, Noise Abatement Procedure etc. The PF should
then brief the PM by reading the programmed route from the CDU without recourse to his paper
Jeppesen chart thus ensuring that any errors in the FMC are detected by the PM who must be extremely
critical of even the smallest anomaly. The suggested way to brief is:
PF sets his ND to PLAN on the EFIS control panel and CDU to RTE page 2.
Confirm the SID programmed is correct.
Change the CDU to RTE LEGS page 1, read the track and distance to the first waypoint, name it,
together with any BOLD FONT speed and/or altitude constraints. Note whether the waypoint is a flyover or fly-by by looking at the magenta route on the ND (this can only be achieved after entry of the
ZFW).
Use the STEP function to move the map centre label <CTR> to the next waypoint and again read the
track, distance, name etc and continue for each waypoint until the end of the SID has been reached.
Now review the Nav Aid set-up to support the departure, if required and to cater for FMC failure or
Special Engine Out Procedure.
It is most likely that great circle tracks may differ by the odd degree here or there between the FMC and
the Jeppesen chart and also that distances may be slightly different as turns will have been created
rather than straight lines between waypoints as depicted on the charts or in the FMC prior to ZFW entry.
Any gross errors should be investigated.
Be extremely critical of FL versus Altitude constraints and change the PERF INIT Transition Altitude or
DESC FORECASTS Transition Level accordingly to ensure the FMC agrees with the chart.
ARRIVAL
The PF will identify the STAR and Approach Procedure charts then, as for the departure, the PF will
cross-check dates, and then cover MSAs, MFAs, Notes, Clearance Limit etc. The PF will then brief the
lateral and vertical profile from the CDU without recourse to the paper chart while the PM cross-checks
against the paper chart. Once again, the suggested format is:
The PF sets his ND to PLAN and CDU to RTE page 2 to confirm the programmed arrival, approach and
runway in use. The PM retains MAP to monitor the actual aircraft position.
The PF selects RTE LEGS and covers the vertical and horizontal profile in the same manner as for
departure, using the STEP key to scroll through each waypoint highlighting track, distance, BOLD
FONT altitude and/or speed constraints and any fly-over waypoints.
Stop at the Clearance Limit and review the nav-aids for the hold if applicable.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 34

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

APPROACH and GO-AROUND


Now brief the approach and go-around.
The PF will use the paper chart to top and tail i.e. read the briefing strip, together with any notes
(top), followed by RVR requirements, PAPIs, Approach Lights etc (tail) finally confirm that the navaids are set up including any re-tune requirements during the go-around and that the minimums are
bugged.
Resume briefing from the glass, especially if an overlay or RNAV approach is to be flown or a LNAV
go-around is to be used.
Confirm when the MCP Missed Approach Altitude will be set.
For a FMC controlled approach confirm that the following appear on the Legs page:
Runway related fix (RWxxx, MDxxx or MAxxx).
Altitude at the fix (TDZE plus TCH or MDA or an altitude at the MAP which would ensure a normal TCH
and may be below MDA).
Approach speed at the fix (Vref plus wind correction).
A vertical angle (GPx.xx) between each waypoint after the Final Approach Course Fix (defined by the
letter C).
Briefing from the Glass should be the normal technique practiced for all departures and arrivals as this
will ensure that any errors in the FMC lateral or vertical profile will be detected at the briefing stage. Use
of this technique will take a little longer than previous practice and crews should ensure they brief
sufficiently early to avoid being rushed by an early descent for example. The tendency will always be for
pilots to try to mix briefing from the glass with looking at the paper. Try to be disciplined here. If you are
unsure of a waypoint, describe it to the PM in terms of distance/track from the previous waypoint with any
associated restrictions. As we gain familiarity with the technique, we will become more comfortable with
the procedure and briefing times will reduce.
*PF may decide to delegate the task of setting up the FMC to the PM as he/she thinks fit. When PF then
briefs from the glass, this serves as a very good crosscheck that all has been entered correctly. Pilots
should be encouraged to develop a high standard of workload management while performing these
tasks. Try to keep the briefs interactive.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 35

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

BRIEFING - TAKE-OFF
Flaps, Runway and Thrust
Runway surface conditions and crosswind
Anti-ice and any other non-standard configuration requirements
Airport restrictions and obstructions
Standard instrument departure, routing and altitude restrictions
Intended method of navigation e.g. LNAV, HDG SEL
Radio aid selection and course selector settings
MSA and terrain clearance
Expected Taxi Route
Example:
This will be a right seat takeoff Runway 26L Flaps 5, Bleeds on, Anti-ice off, Wet/Dry figures.
Before 80kts we will stop for any failure. Above 80 kts only for: Any fire, engine malfunction, anything that
rends the aircraft unsafe to fly and the predictive windshear warning.
If you call stop; I expect you to: Close the thrust levers simultaneously disengage the autothrottle,
manually raise the speedbrake lever and apply maximum reverse thrust. I will monitor your actions and
call speedbrake up or not up, monitor the autobrake system and call autobrake disarm if the light should
illuminate, call 60kts, inform ATC and select flaps 40. When the aircraft comes to a stop you will close the
reversers, stow the speedbrake and set the parking brake.
If nothing happens up to V1 there will be no actions below 400 AGL, except to raise the landing gear
with a positive rate of climb and cancel the fire warning . At 400 AGL, and when the aircraft is under
control, I will call HDG select, identify. You will then complete the recall items if any. At acceleration
altitude, I will call FLAPS UP SPEED and retract the flaps on schedule. When the flaps are up, select
LVL CHG and MCT and climb to MSA.

EMERGENCY BRIEFING
In addition to the items listed above, a full emergency briefing will be conducted prior to the crew's first
sector of the day comprising the following items:
RTO procedure
The actions following an engine malfunction at or after V1
Special Procedures
Intentions for returning to land, including the nomination of a take-off alternate within one hour single
engine flying time (315 nm in still air) when the departure airport is below landing limits:
The term "standard emergency brief" may be substituted for subsequent sectors but Special Procedures
and intentions for returning to land should still be noted for each departure.

TRAINING MANUAL

Page 36

BOEING
B737 600-900ER

SOP PROFILES - NORMAL PROCEDURES


INTRODUCTION
The following slides show the sequence of events during various stages of flight. In particular they cover
takeoff, various types of approach and the missed approach.
They are designed to be used as a training aid for new pilots and as a point of reference for revision of
procedures and techniques for existing pilots.
The profiles do not contain all of the standard operating procedures. It is therefore essential that they
are used in conjunction with the appropriate amplified procedures contained in Operations Manual Part
B and the Boeing FCOM Volume 1.
The amplified procedures mentioned above will be the authoritative source in the event of any conflict
with procedures detailed in these profiles.

FMC U10.7 and Earlier


STANDARD TAKE OFF FLAP 5

Flaps & LED up


PM
Flaps Up no lights
PF
Level CHG or VNAV
PF
After take-off checklist

At 1000 ft AGL or minimum flap


retraction altitude
PF
Climb Thrust, Flap Up Speed

Cleared for take-off


PF
Advance thrust levers to 40% N1.
PF
Press TOGA, Set T/O thrust.
PM
Verify correct N1%
PM
Thrust set
400ft RAD. ALT
PF
HDG SEL or LNAV
PF
AP A/B to CMD

Flap 1 manoeuvring speed


accelerating
PF
Flaps Up

800ft RAD
80 kts
PM
80 kts
PF
Verify IAS
PF
Check

V2 +15 and accelerating


PF
Flap 1

Positive Rate
PM
Positive rate
PF
gear Up

N1
V1 / Rotate
PM
V1
PM
Rotate

LNAV

MCP/SPD

CMD
ARM

LNAV

MCP/SPD

CMD

TRH/HLD
N1

LNAV

LNAV

TO/GA

TO/GA
FD

FD

Page 37

TYPICAL ATC SPEED CONTROLLED ILS SINGLE CHANNEL


Flaps 1 manoeuvring speed
PF Flap 5

When cleared for Appr.


PF Arm/Arming approach

Flaps UP manoeuvring speed


PF
Flap 1

OM
PM "OM _ft"
PF checked
GS captured
PM GS captured
PF Set GA ALT
PF Gear down, Flaps 15

GS alive
PM GS alive

LOC captured
PM LOC captured
PF Set RWY HDG

1000 ft AGL
PF Stabilized or Not stable Go-Around
PM Checked

500 ft AGL
PM 500
PF checked

MCP SPD

VOR LOC

Established on approach
PF Flaps 30
PF Landing checklist

ALT HLD
GS

Minimums
PM minimums
PF continue or Go-around

SINGLE CH

MCP SPD

HDG SEL
VOR LOC
CMD

ALT HLD
GS

MCP SPD

VOR LOC

GS

SINGLE CH

Page 38

VNAV APPROACH

Flaps 1 manoeuvring speed


PF Flap 5

Note: If VNAV is not available try entering present altitude as cruise


altitude, if unsuccessful use V/S.
When intercepting the FAC from a heading, extend the centre-line in the
FMC from a point which is ahead of (nearer to the runway) the
anticipated FAC intercept point eg the outer marker.

Flaps UP manoeuvring speed


PF Flaps 1
Note: Minimums equals MDA +50ft. Pilots should fly a nominal 3
degree glide-path, and not plan to fly level at MDA. If no visual
contact at MDA, a Go Around should be initiated immediately

Intercept HDG
LNAV or other roll
mode
AT FAF
PF Flaps 30/40
PF Landing checklist
Monitor VNAV
Latest 2.0 nm from FAF
PF gear down flaps 15
PF Arm Speedbrakes
PF Select or Verify VNAV PTH

300 ft below GA ALT


PF Set GA ALT

At 500 ft AGL
PM 500 ft
PF checked

When established in LNAV and ALTHLD or in


VNAV
PF set MCP ALT to nearest 100 ft above Minimum
PF select VNAV (check VNAV PTH)

MCP SPD

HDG SEL
LNAV
CMD

When visual but latest at MDA-50ft


PF Manual THR, AP Off
PF recycle FDs

ALT HLD

FMC SPD

Or

LNAV
CMD

FMC SPD

LNAV

VNAV PTH

Note: Disconnect A/P


and A/T no later than
MDA-50ft

VNAV PTH

CMD

Page 39

CIRCLING APPROACH (no Prescribed Tracks)

Start level base turn (see note)


PF Flaps 30/40, LDG checklist
Single engine
PF gear down Flaps 15

Abeam threshold:
time 3secs/100ft
AAL
+/- wind correction

Timing expired,
turn downwind
Latest 2 nm to FAF
PF gear down flaps15
Single engine
PF Flaps 10 (gear up)
Start turn min of 0.5 nm
from threshold; turn 45
deg. left/right time app. 45
sec from start of turn

When level at Circling Minima in


ALT HOLD Mode, set missed
approach altitude in MCP.

MDA -50 ft
Disengage AP
PF manual THR, AP off
PF recycle FDs

ALT HLD
PF Set GA ALT
45

The circling MDA should be


maintained until the normal
descent path to landing can be
achieved. At some airports it
may be necessary to start the
descent downwind.

MCP SPD

HDG SEL

ALT HLD
VS

At MDA
PM minimums
PF maintain

When established in LNAV or VOR LOC and


ALTHLD or in VNAV
PF set MCP ALT to nearest 100 ft above MDA
PF select VNAV (check VNAV PTH) or VS arm

FMC SPD

LNAV

VNAV PTH

CMD
OR

CMD
FMC SPD

LNAV

VS

CMD
OR
MCP SPD

Page 40

VOR LOC
CMD

VS

VISUAL CIRCUIT

Before turning Base


PF gear down, Flaps 15
Abeam the landing threshold
Start timing 45 secs.
minus 1 sec. per
2kts tailwind

Start descending base turn


ROD 2-300 FPM

Entering downwind
Flaps 5

1500 ft

Intercepting visual G/S


PF Flaps (30/40), Landing checklist
- R.O.D. 600/800 FPM
Final
700 ft to 500 ft AGL
Stabilized wings level

2 nm

Page 41

SINGLE CHANNEL TWO ENGINE GO-AROUND

N1

LNAV

MCP SPD

NOTE 1: Check TOGA 1 thrust or TOGA


2 if Reqd. 2nd Selection with give Full
G/A Thrust.

NOTE 2: Default roll mode when A/P is engaged


is HDG SEL. LNAV only used if NAV route in
FMC & cross-checked Raw data must be
monitored

CMD
OR
N1

HDG SEL

MCP SPD

Flap 1 manoeuvring speed


PF Flaps up

CMD

Above 400 ft RA,


engage autothrottle and
autopilot. Select LNAV if
required (Note 2)

Flap 5 manoeuvring speed


PF Flaps 1

Decision to go-around
press either TOGA switch
PF go around, Flaps 15
PM positive rate
PF Gear up

Flaps up & LED s up


PM Flaps up no lights
PF LVL CHG or VNAV
PF After T/O Checklist
1000 ft AGL
PF........Flap 5
Retract flaps on schedule

Caution: From a single channel


approach selecting TOGA will cause
autopilot disconnect.

GA

Caution: If ALT Acquire occurs during


the acceleration phase, MCP window
will show speed at altitude acquire.
Clean speed must be reset into
MCP speed window.

TO GA
FD

Page 42

NON PRECISION APPROACH - VS


Note 1: Lateral mode may be HDG SEL, VOR/LOC or LNAV
(Overlay) Raw data must be monitored.
Flaps UP manoeuvring speed
PF Flap 1

Note 2: Approx. ground speed divided by 2 multiplied by10


or GS multiplied by 5

Flaps 1 manoeuvring speed


PF Flaps 5

Note 3: PM monitors descent rate/speed and tracking to


touchdown.
Note 4: PF sets G/A ALT on MCP at platform -300 ft or
G/A ALT -300 ft if lower than platform.
AT FAF
PF Flaps 30/40
PF Landing checklist

Intercept HDG
LNAV or other roll mode
Latest 2.0 nm from FAF
PF gear down flaps 15
PF Arm Speedbrakes
PF Select or Verify VS armed

When established in LNAV and ALTHLD


PF set MCP ALT to nearest 100 ft above Minimum
PF Check VS is armed in ALT HLD on FMA

MCP SPD

VOR LOC

ALT HLD
VS

Note 5: If flying an SRA approach, crew should use HDG


SEL and V/S mode and obey headings given by ATC.

During descent:
PF adjust V/S to stay on profile
PM advise altitude versus distance
PF sets G/A ALT
(See Notes 3 and 4)

At 500 ft AGL
PM 500 ft
PF checked

0,5 nm before FAF


Select V/S approx.
750 FPM down
(see note 2)

When visual but latest at MDA -50ft


PF Manual THR, AP Off
PF recycle FDs

MCP SPD

VOR LOC

VS

CMD
CMD
Or

Note: Disconnect A/P and


A/T no later than MDA-50ft

Or
FMC SPD

LNAV
CMD

ALT HLD
VS

MCP SPD

LNAV
CMD

VS

Note 6: Minimums equals MDA +50ft. Pilots should fly a


nominal 3 degree glide-path, and not plan to fly level at MDA.
If no visual contact at MDA, a Go Around should be initiated
immediately

Page 43

NOTES

Page 44

TRAINING MANUAL
Page 45
BOEING
B737 600-900ER

ABNORMAL & EMERGENCY PROCEDURES


GENERAL
This section is intended to give the trained crew some additional thoughts and guide-lines in the
event of a non-normal situation. In the event of a non-normal situation the Boeing Quick
Reference Handbook (QRH) Non-normal checklists are used and a copy is available at each
pilot station. Your first action should always be to perform the necessary recall items followed by
the QRH Non-Normal Checklist. Further guidance may be found in the FCTM.
Information regarding pilot incapacitation and other cabin crew emergency procedures can be
found in the FCTM. Pilots must be familiar with the relevant emergency procedures contained
therein.
Flight Crew should use the DODAR process to assess both the causes of a non-normal situation
and the required further action.
D Diagnose
O Options
D Decide
A - Assign tasks and Action
R - Review decision

RAPID DE-PRESSURISATION
In the case of a rapid de-pressurisation, both pilots will immediately don their oxygen masks and
the Captain shall become the PF.
The Captain as PF will then call for the recall actions and the F/O will attempt to regain control of
the cabin pressure.

RAPID DESCENT / EMERGENCY DESCENT


If an emergency descent is required for any reason the Captain will be the PF and
will announce Emergency Descent. Whenever possible, the Captain will accomplish this
procedure in LVL CHG and with an autopilot in command.

PRESSURISATION SYSTEM MANUAL OPERATION


If the cabin pressure has to be controlled with the MAN system, it is recommended that the
Captain should be the PF.

TRAINING MANUAL
Page 46
BOEING
B737 600-900ER

LOSS OF THRUST ON BOTH ENGINES (AT ALTITUDE)


Refer to FCTM chapter 8 for guidance.
Possible causes for this condition are volcanic ash, severe turbulence or a jet upset, inadequate
fuel supply or ice accretion, and the possible consequences include:
Loss of pressurisation (not rapid)
Manual reversion (if both N2 very low and the APU is not on line).

The PF will initially maintain the previous cruise IAS while descending. The PM will perform the
recall actions in a positive manner taking advantage of any remaining N2 rotation.
If a cabin altitude warning should occur both pilots must immediately don their oxygen masks
and then continue the Loss of Thrust on Both Engines non-normal checklist.

LOSS OF BOTH ENGINE DRIVEN GENERATORS


Refer to FCTM chapter 8 for guidance.
The possible consequences of this situation thrust deterioration/engine flameout at high altitude.
The APU should not be put on line by recall (even if already started), but according to the QRH.
If APU does not start, at high altitude, try again only at lower altitude. Note: As electrical power
will be interrupted only the Captains PFD and ND will be functional and so the Caption would
become the Pilot flying.

REJECTED TAKE-OFF
The Captain will decide whether to reject the take-off, or continue. He will announce his intention
by using the word STOP or "CONTINUE" as appropriate.
During the deceleration, the Right Seat Pilot will automatically select flaps 40. The Right Seat
Pilot verifies SPEED BRAKE LEVER UP and calls out SPEED BRAKES UP. If SPEED
BRAKE LEVER is not UP, the Right Seat Pilot calls SPEED BRAKES NOT UP.
If rejecting due to fire/smoke, consider positioning the aircraft so the fire/smoke is on the
downwind side.
When the RTO is complete, the Captain will decide upon the further course of action and call for
any further actions that may be required.

VOLCANIC ASH
The possible presence of volcanic ash may be contained in the NOTAM briefing. The actual
presence of volcanic ash may be recognised by smell and possibly erratic engine indications,
which in serious cases may result in a flameout.
In the event that volcanic ash is encountered, the best course of action to exit the ash cloud is
usually to turn 180 degrees and descend (reducing thrust helps to increase the stall margin
within the engine). Pilots should be aware that if an engine flameout occurs in these
circumstances, several attempts may be necessary to restart the engine.
The Commander may consider not starting the APU until the aircraft has left the cloud of
volcanic ash. An encounter with volcanic ash may turn the windscreens opaque, in which case
an autoland would be very desirable.

TRAINING MANUAL
Page 47
BOEING
B737 600-900ER

ENGINE FAILURE ON TAKE-OFF


The procedure to be followed in the event of a serious engine malfunction at or after V1 is to
continue the take-off and follow the Engine Out Procedure. Inform ATC and an emergency must
be declared (Distress call or Urgency call, as appropriate). In the event of an Engine Fire,
Severe Damage or Separation, it is recommended to initially declare a MAYDAY. If
subsequently the situation dictates, this may be downgraded to a PAN. Noise abatement
procedures are abandoned in the event of any serious emergency on departure.
There may be occasions where the commander considers departure from the Engine Out to be
a more favourable choice e.g. continuing with an instrument departure procedure after the first
turn of the procedure has been commenced. The commander should only consider this option
when below MSA if the aircraft is under control and if he is satisfied that terrain and obstacles
will be avoided.
Whilst in asymmetric flight, acceleration for flap retraction should normally take place when the
aircraft is flying on a steady heading. If the acceleration altitude is reached during an Engine Out
Procedure turn the turn should be completed before acceleration is commenced. The
acceleration altitude will be 1,000 feet aal unless a higher height is specified in the RTOW
tables.
Any required recall actions will only be initiated when above 400 feet aal and when the flight
path is under control. If an engine failure occurs during the enroute climb phase and continued
flight along the planned route may take the aircraft below MSA, the preferred course of action is
to turn the shortest way, taking into account the terrain towards the nearest suitable holding
pattern and climb to MSA.

ENGINE FAILURE IN THE CRUISE


The primary task is aircraft control and this is best achieved with use of the autopilot, and initially
maximum cruise thrust should be set whilst co-ordinating rudder inputs. The PF will call for any
necessary recall drill at an appropriate time. An emergency should be declared as a descent will
be necessary from high altitude. The PM will extract engine data from the FMC and the PF will
initiate the descent using LVL CHG. When flight path control is assured the PF will call for
the appropriate non-normal checklist.
Engine failure during flight
When an aeroplane in flight has an identified engine problem or non normal condition which
precludes the application of go-around power, consideration should be given to configuring for
an engine inoperative approach and landing. Engine inoperative procedures should be briefed
for the approach, landing and go around, if applicable. Engines should only be shut down in
flight when required by the QRH.

TRAINING MANUAL
Page 48
BOEING
B737 600-900ER

LANDING AT THE NEAREST SUITABLE AIRPORT


When the QRH specifies that a landing at the nearest suitable airport is required, the Captain
must divert to the nearest airport where a safe landing can be made.
In addition, the Commander may elect to land at the nearest suitable airport in other
circumstances such as when an on board fire is detected and cannot be contained, or the ability
of the aircraft to remain in controlled flight is in doubt. Inevitably there will be other situations that
cannot be envisaged when an immediate landing appears to the Commander to be the correct
course of action.
The selection of an airport for landing in these circumstances will be based upon factors such as
weather reports, LDA and runway condition, approach aids, availability of rescue and fire
services. The choice of the nearest suitable airport should not be influenced by consideration of
passenger ground handling or convenient technical support.
Flight crew can expect ATC to assist with the diversion but only after a formal emergency has
been declared and the Commanders intentions made known. Procedures should not be rushed
to the extent that the situation is exacerbated from causes not directly related to the emergency.
The key factor to be borne in mind when an immediate landing seems necessary is to prioritise
requirements dictated by the situation and to avoid wasting time carrying out non-essential
tasks. The aim is to get the aircraft on the ground safely and without delay.

ENGINE FAILURE ON APPROACH


Refer to FCTM chapter 5 for guidance.
In the event of an engine failure on short finals whilst visual with the runway, the Captain may
elect to continue the approach with the existing flap position. In making this decision
consideration must be given to all relevant factors including aircraft weight, altitude and
headwind component.
QRH recall actions other than silencing audio warnings, should not be commenced below 500ft
RA.

DECLARING AN EMERGENCY
The Captain will initiate the declaration of an emergency. Having decided to make an
emergency call, the decision whether to declare a state of urgency (PAN PAN) or distress
(MAYDAY) is also with the Captain. As a general guide, if the successful outcome of the
situation is in jeopardy then a distress call would be appropriate. For other situations an urgency
call would suffice as this should ensure priority over other traffic and that airport emergency
services are on standby; a distress call should also place emergency services from the
Surrounding area on standby.

PASSENGER EVACUATION
If a decision to evacuate is made by the Commander, QRH check list will be initiated and carry
out by each crew in their respective area of responsibility. The Left hand seat pilot is responsible
for the Parking Brake, Speedbrake Lever, Start Levers and to advise the cabin to evacuate while
the right hand seat pilot is reading the Evacuation Checklist and handling all other items.

TRAINING MANUAL
Page 49
BOEING
B737 600-900ER

RELIGHTING A FAILED ENGINE


An engine relight must not be attempted if the engine failed or was shut down as a result of any
fire, overheat or severe damage condition.
The decision whether to attempt to relight a failed engine in any other circumstance is one that
can only be made after taking into account all factors pertaining at the time. Factors to consider
would include the position of the aircraft in relation to the nearest suitable airport, weather and
the likely time to touchdown. If the weather is good and the relight attempt is likely to delay
approach, continuing for a single engine landing may be preferable to a delayed approach,
especially when the possible success of the relight attempt cannot be assessed. Modern jet
engine failures are rare and in the unlikely event of a pure flameout situation, the possibility of
fuel contamination would have to be taken into account. In poor weather conditions, especially if
faced with a long transit to a suitable airport, attempting a relight might be a more favourable
choice.

COMMUNICATIONS - EMERGENCY SITUATIONS


PA Communications - Emergency Situations
Situation
The Purser is required on the interphone urgently. For
pre-planned emergency procedures and NITS brief
The Purser is required on the flight deck urgently. For
pre-planned emergency procedures and NITS brief
During ground operation at any time when an
emergency evacuation may be required.
Where severe turbulence is either encountered or
expected and insufficient time is available for normal
procedures.
Following a PA of "Attention crew! At stations", the
potential for an emergency evacuation no longer
exists.
Slow decompression

Passing 2000ft in the descent for a planned


emergency landing.
At 500ft in the descent for a planned emergency
landing.
An unplanned emergency landing is imminent
An Emergency Evacuation is required

Public Address
"Purser to the Interphone"
"Purser to the Flight Deck"
"Attention. Crew at station."
"Cabin Crew and passengers be seated
immediately"
"Cabin Crew Normal Operations"

"Cabin crew return to stations. We are


commencing a descent. Return to your
seats and fasten your seat belts"
"Cabin Crew take up Landing Positions"
"Brace, Brace"
"Attention Crew Brace, Brace"
"Evacuate, Evacuate"

TRAINING MANUAL
BOEING
B737 600-900ER

Page 50

GO-AROUND
All Go-arounds must be carried out promptly to ensure minimum loss of height. This is
particularly important whenever:
the required visual reference for landing has not been achieved or,
the Go-around is carried out from the DA/H or below 200ft AAL, whichever

is higher.
Following a ground proximity warning at night or if it is believed to be

genuine during day light conditions.


The speed over the threshold exceeds Vref+20kts during a landing on a

runway which is performance limiting in the prevailing conditions, the a Go around must be
carried out.
If, in marginal weather conditions, two Go-arounds have been carried out at an airport,
consideration should be given to diverting or holding until an improvement in the weather occurs.
The decision to attempt a third approach immediately should not normally be made unless a
significant improvement in the weather has been reported or observed from the flight deck. The
options of diverting or holding will be affected by fuel considerations and by forecast weather
conditions at the destination and at the alternate. Commanders should make use of the P.A at
appropriate times to give reassurance to passengers.

TRAINING MANUAL
Page 51
BOEING
B737 600-900ER

WINDSHEAR GO-AROUND
On aircraft fitted with aural windshear warning systems, if a GPWS Windshear warning is
received, a windshear Go-around must be carried out. Exceptionally, in conditions of extreme
turbulence associated with strong winds and not Cb or frontal activity, a warning may be treated
as advisory provided that this warning has been anticipated, briefed for in the approach briefing
and an appropriate allowance made. In the event of a Go-around the call windshear Goaround will be used to indicate to the other crew member that a positive rate of climb would be
maintained at the expense of airspeed, even to the point of stick shake. If a subsequent
approach is thought prudent, then conditions should be carefully evaluated and appropriate
compensation made, e.g. higher airspeed, in accordance with operating procedures. If, on the
subsequent approach, another warning is received and believed to be genuine, then a Goaround should be made and diversion considered.

NON-NORMAL FLAP
If a non-normal flap problem has been encountered, crews should avoid moving the flaps until
after the QRH has been actioned to reduce the risk of subsequent damage or failure. Crews
should also avoid raising the flaps after landing when taxiing to the apron to allow the engineers
to inspect the problem.

SOP PROFILES - NON-NORMAL PROCEDURES


INTRODUCTION
The following slides show the sequence of events during various stages of flight in non-normal

situations.
They are designed to be used as a training aid for new pilots and as a point of reference for

revision of procedures and techniques for existing pilots.


The profiles do not contain all of the operating procedures required. It is therefore essential that

they are used in conjunction with the appropriate procedures contained in the Boeing FCOM
and QRH.
The written procedures mentioned above will be the authoritative source in the event of any

conflict with procedures detailed in these profiles.

ENGINE MALFUNCTION AFTER V1


Note 4: After the Flaps Up / No Light call, ensure the Autothrottle is
disengaged before selecting LVL CHG & MCT.

Note 1: The PM will call Engine Malfunction when first observed without identifying the engine or the nature of the failure.
Note 2: If a special procedure (emergency turn) is specified, follow as published. If a turn is required at a speed below V2 +
15kts, the PF will call Bank angle 15, Hdg N
Note 3: No action, other than monitoring until a minimum of 400 RA. Above 400 RA, and when crew workload permits,
PF asks the PM to Identify. The PM then states the failure indications. Crew agree failure and course of action. At the
direction of the PF, both crew members systematically and without delay accomplish all recall items. Note: If recall items
are required, PF initiates them by disconnecting Auto throttle and closing Thrust Lever - monitored/confirmed by PM,
remaining recall items by PM, monitored/confirmed by PF.
At Flaps retraction alt.
PF Flap Up Speed

When Flaps are up


PM Flaps Up,No Lights
PF LVL CHG, set MCT (AP B to CMD)

Note 2
Accelerating
PF Flaps one
PF Flaps up

Positive
rate of climb
PM Positive rate
PF Gear up

EVENT
Engine
Malfunction!
(Note 1)

At VR rotate at
2.0-2,5 deg/sec
to Take Off
pitch attitude
(12,5)

With Flaps up @ Clean Speed and A/P engaged


(if applicable)
PF QRH?.Checklist
PM -----checklist completed
PF After T/O checklist
PF After T/O checklist completed

At 400 ft AGL
PF HDG SEL, identify
PM identifies the malfunction

HDG SEL

MCP SPD

CMD

HDG SEL

TOGA

FD
N1

TOGA
FD

Page 52

CABIN ALTITUDE WARNING HORN OR RAPID DEPRESSURISATION

CABIN ALTITUDE WARNING HORN OR


RAPID DEPRESSURISATION
PF / Captain

PM / First Officer

Oxygen Masks and Regulators?ON,100%


Crew Communications????..Establish
(Note1 and 2)

PF / Captain

PM / First Officer

Maintain, or take control


of the aircraft

Attempt control of pressurisation


with QRH Recall drill:
Pressurisation Mode selector? MAN
Outflow Valve switch????CLOSE
Passenger signs???????..ON
If cabin altitude is uncontrollable
Announce: Emergency
Passenger Oxygen switch???.ON
Descent
Carry out Emergency Descent Recall
Actions

Note 1 Use Flight Interphone - (SPKR switch ON, ACP MASK-BOOM switch to MASK).
Headsets may also be used
Note 2 Although a PA may be required, be aware of the audio quality and effect on
the pax when making a PA with an oxygen mask on
Note 3 This procedure assumes both Captain and F/O are on the flight deck. If only
one crew member is present, the full procedure can be accomplished from
either left or right hand seat, but controlling the pressurisation from the left is
difficult
Note 4 If a slow depressurisation occurs and the cabin altitude is expected to reach 10000 feet either pilot should call out
Cabin altitude Warning, take action. If the cabin altitude warning sounds this call out can be omitted.

Page 53

EMERGENCY DESCENT

PF/ Captain

PM/ First Officer

Maintain, or take control of the


aircraft (Note 1)
Call Emergency Descent
Both pilots carry out Emergency Descent Recall items in their
respective area of responsibility
(Note 2)
Declare emergency (Mayday)
MCP altitude Select lower
Fasten Belts signs???..ON
Altitude
Engine Start switches?CONT

PF/ Captain
Select LVL CHG
THRUST LEVERS???? CLOSE
SPEED BRAKE.?FLIGHT DETENT
MCP speed selector??MMO/VMO
(Note 3)
Adjust HDG if required
Set MCP altitude window to 10,000ft
or MSA if higher
Call for QRH checklist

PF/ Captain
At 2000ft to level - reduce speed
At 1000ft to level - lower SPEED
BRAKE lever
Note 1: The Cockpit4u preferred method is to keep the
A/P & AT engaged

Note 2: Although a PA is required, be aware of the audio


Quality and effect on the pax when making a PA with
an oxygen mask on

Note 3: Maintain speed just below MMO/VMO throughout the


descent unless structural integrity is in doubt, in which
case maintain or decrease present speed

Note 4: Consideration should be given to cabin state, fuel

PF/ Captain

PM/ First Officer


Squawk 7700, if required by
ATC
Check QNH/MSA

Read and action QRH checklist

PM/ First Officer


Call 2000ft and 1000ft to level

PM/ First Officer

Verify A/P A/T engaged and reduce


ENGINE START switches?As
speed as required
needed
If cabin altitude is 10,000ft or less - Remove oxygen masks
If cabin altitude is above 10,000ft -Crew Oxygen Regulators?NORMAL
Select new CRZ alt & VNAV LRC
Obtain revised ATC clearance
Re-establish PF/PM as required
Determine new course of action
(Note 4)

remaining, airfield availability, weather, oxygen


requirements etc.

Page 54

ENGINE FAILURE IN THE CRUISE


ON RECOGNITION OF ENGINE FAILURE
THE PRIMARY TASK IS AIRCRAFT CONTROL
WITH CORRECT APPLICATION OF RUDDER
AND AILERON (IF NEEDED)

PF
Re-engage A/P if
applicable, ensure
Rudder
in Trim

PM
Advise ATC (Mayday/
PAN Call) Descending
FMC/CDU Action

PF
1. Disengage Autothrottle

PM
FMC/CDU ACTIONS

2. Set bug thrust (cruise)

1. Select CRZ page C.D.U.

3. Select lower MCP altitude

2. Line select ENG OUT

4. Select LVL CHG, ENG OUT speed

3. Line select L or R ENG

5. Call: Identify The Failure

4. Set Target N1 on live ENG

6. Crew agrees failure and


consequent actions

5. Select Target speed


6. MCP ALT re-select
(ATC/MSA)

At the direction of the PF, both crew members systematically and without
delay accomplish all recall items

DEVELOP A PLAN
Terrain
Driftdown
(required
by MSA)

If appropriate,
accelerate to
normal
descent
(Idle Thrust)

If required,
accelerate to
long-range
cruise
(1 Eng Out)

Page 55

SINGLE ENGINE ILS APPROACH


Flaps 1 manoeuvring speed
PF Flap 5

When cleared for Appr.


PF Arm/Arming approach

Flaps UP manoeuvring speed


PF Flap 1

GS captured
PM GS captured
PF Set GA ALT
PF Gear down, Flaps 15, One
Engine Inoperative landing
checklist

GS alive
PM GS alive

OM
PM "OM _ft"
PF checked

1000 ft AGL
PF Stabilized or Not stable Go-Around
PM Checked

500 ft AGL
PM 500
PF checked

LOC captured
PM LOC captured
PF Set RWY HDG

Minimums
PM minimums
PF continue or Go-around

VOR LOC

ALT HLD
GS

SINGLE CH
VOR LOC

GS

SINGLE CH

HDG SEL
VOR LOC
CMD

ALT HLD
GS

Page 56

SINGLE ENGINE NON-PRECISION APPROACH V/S


Note 1: Lateral mode may be HDG SEL, VOR/LOC or
LNAV (Overlay) Raw data must be monitored.
Note 2: : Approx. ground speed divided by 2 multiplied by10
or GS multiplied by 5

Flaps UP manoeuvring speed


PF Flap 1

Note 3: PM monitors descent rate/speed and tracking


to touchdown.

Flaps 1 manoeuvring speed


PF Flaps 5

Note 4: PF sets G/A ALT on MCP at platform -300 ft


or G/A ALT -300 ft if lower than platform.
AT FAF
PF Gear down Flaps 15, one
engine inoperative landing
checklist
PM one engine inop. Landing
checklist completed

Intercept HDG
LNAV or other roll mode

0,5 nm before FAF


Select V/S approx.
750 FPM down
(see note 2)

Note 5: If flying an SRA approach, crew should use HDG SEL


and V/S mode and obey headings given by ATC.
Note 6: Minimums equals MDA +50ft. Pilots should fly a nominal
3 degree glide-path, and not plan to fly level at MDA. If
no visual contact at MDA, a Go Around should be
initiated immediately

During descent:
PF adjust V/S to stay on profile
PM advise altitude versus
distance PF sets G/A ALT
(See Notes 3 and 4)
At 500 ft AGL
PM 500 ft
PF checked

When established in LNAV and ALTHLD


PF set MCP ALT to nearest 100 ft above
Minimum
PF Check VS is armed in ALT HLD on FMA

VOR LOC

ALT HLD
VS

When visual but latest


at MDA-50ft
PF Manual THR, AP Off
PF recycle FDs

VOR LOC

VS

CMD
CMD
Or
LNAV

ALT HLD
VS

Or
LNAV

Note: Disconnect A/P and


A/T no later than MDA-50ft

VS

CMD
CMD

Page 57

SINGLE ENGINE NON-PRECISION APPROACH VNAV


Note: If VNAV is not available try entering present altitude as cruise altitude, if
unsuccessful use V/S. When intercepting the FAC from a heading, extend
the centre-line in the FMC from a point which is ahead of (nearer to the
runway) the anticipated FAC intercept point eg the outer marker.

Flaps UP manoeuvring speed


PF Flaps 1

Note: Minimums equals MDA +50ft. Pilots should fly a nominal 3 degree glidepath, and not plan to fly level at MDA. If no visual contact at MDA, a
Go Around should be initiated immediately

Flaps 1 manoeuvring speed


PF Flap 5

AT FAF
PF Gear down Flaps 15, one
engine inoperative
landing checklist
PM one engine inop. Landing
checklist completed

Intercept HDG
LNAV or other roll mode

300 ft below GA ALT


PF Set GA ALT
At 500 ft AGL
PM 500 ft
PF checked

When established in LNAV and ALTHLD or in VNAV


PF set MCP ALT to nearest 100 ft above Minimum
PF select VNAV (check VNAV PTH)

When visual but latest at


MDA-50ft
PF Manual THR, AP Off
PF recycle FDs

HDG SEL
LNAV

ALT HLD

CMD
LNAV

VNAV PTH

Or
LNAV

VNAV PTH

CMD

CMD

Page 58

SINGLE ENGINE GO-AROUND


Note 1: On any S.E. G/A - MCP window controls Speed. Acceleration will not occur until SPD window is changed by
selecting - Clean Speed.
Note 2: If a Turn is required at a speed below Vref + 15 kts the PF will call Bank angle 15, Hdg N

LNAV

Note 3: At Clean Speed and Flaps up, select LVL CHG, set MCT, engage A/P and complete After Take-Off Checklist.

TOGA

Note 4: LNAV only used if NAV route in FMC & cross-checked. Raw data must be monitored. Caution LNAV may
exceed 15deg Bank

FD
OR
HDG SEL

Note 5: When the After T/O Checklist is completed, open the cross-feed and balance fuel (if applicable)

TOGA

FD

Above 400 ft RA,


Select LNAV if
Required or HDG SEL
(Note 2)

Flap 1 manoeuvring speed


PF Flaps up

Decision to go-around
press either TOGA switch
PF go around, Flaps 1
PM positive rate
PF Gear up

Flaps up & LED s up


PM Flaps up no lights
PF LVL CHG, MCT
PF After T/O Checklist
1000 ft AGL
PF........Flap Up Speed

TO GA
FD

Page 59

REJECTED TAKEOFF (RTO)


CAPT
Captain decides to reject
the takeoff. Captain calls:
STOP

Note 1: If rejecting due to fire/smoke, consider positioning the aircraft so the fire/smoke is on the downwind side.
Note 2: If an evacuation is a possible outcome; announce Attention crew! At stations.
Note 3: Captain should take in to account all available information before deciding whether to evacuate. If evacuation is not
required; announce Cabin Crew, Normal Operations on the PA.
Note 4: Evacuation checklist is actioned as a Read and Do checklist.

CAPT

F/O

CAPT

CAPT

Take control
(if applicable)

Monitor Captains
Actions

(Note 1)

Captain decides on
next action (Note 3)

- Close Thrust Levers


- Disengage Autothrottle
- Raise speed brake lever
- Select Maximum Reverse
Thrust
- Monitor RTO braking or
override to max. manual if
required

- Call Speedbrakes up
- Call any deficiency,
- Call 60Kts
- Advise ATC:
C4U___, Stopping
- Select Flaps 40

- Set Parking brake


- Speedbrake, down detent
- If required announce on
PA:
Attention crew! At
stations (Note 2)
- Confirm and agree failure
- Advise the F/O To carry
out any recall items

If decision is to
evacuate aircraft;
announce:
Evacuation
Checklist
(Note 4)

Page 60