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8/29/2015

EarthquakeFactsandStatistics

8/29/2015 EarthquakeFactsandStatistics EarthquakeHazardsProgram EarthquakeFactsandStatistics

EarthquakeFactsandStatistics

We'retransitioningtoanewsystem,sothiswebpageisbeingphasedoutandisnolongermaintainedasof11/27/12.To
We'retransitioningtoanewsystem,sothiswebpageisbeingphasedoutandisnolongermaintainedasof11/27/12.To
generatestatisticsforpastearthquakes,pleaseusetheOnlineEarthquakeCatalog.
ThelistsandstatisticsonthiswebpagehavenotbeenupdatedsinceDecember2012.Manyofthesewillbeupdatedandavailable
whenwehavecompletedthetransitionintothenewearthquakedatabase.Wehopetoprovidethissometimein2015.

FrequencyofOccurrenceofEarthquakes

Magnitude

AverageAnnually

8andhigher

7­7.9

15¹

6­6.9

134²

5­5.9

1319²

4­4.9

13,000

(estimated)

3­3.9

130,000

(estimated)

2­2.9

1,300,000

(estimated)

¹Basedonobservationssince1900.

Thesenumbershavebeenrecentlyupdated,basedondatafrom

theCentennialcatalog(from1900to1999)andthePDE(since

2000).

²Basedonobservationssince1990.

Magnitudevs.GroundMotionandEnergy

Magnitude

GroundMotion

Energy

Change

Change

Change

(Displacement)

1.0

10.0times

about32times

0.5

3.2times

about5.5times

0.3

2.0times

about3times

0.1

1.3times

about1.4times

Thistableshowsthatamagnitude7.2earthquakeproduces10

timesmoregroundmotionthanamagnitude6.2earthquake,butit

releasesabout32timesmoreenergy.Theenergyreleasebest

TheUSGSestimatesthatseveralmillionearthquakesoccurintheworldeachyear.Manygoundetectedbecausetheyhitremote

areasorhaveverysmallmagnitudes.TheNEICnowlocatesabout50earthquakeseachday,orabout20,000ayear.

Asmoreandmoreseismographsareinstalledintheworld,moreearthquakescanbeandhavebeenlocated.However,thenumberof

largeearthquakes(magnitude6.0andgreater)hasstayedrelativelyconstant.

NumberofEarthquakesWorldwidefor2000­2012

LocatedbytheUSGeologicalSurveyNationalEarthquakeInformationCenter

(M4.5+formostoftheworld;doesn'tincludeUSregionalnetworkcontributions)

Magnitude 2000 2001 2002 2003

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

2010

2011

2012

8.0to9.9

1

1

0

1

2

1

2

4

0

1

1

1

2

7.0to7.9

14

15

13

14

14

10

9

14

12

16

23

19

11

6.0to6.9

146

121

127

140

141

140

142

178

168

144

150

185

96

5.0to5.9

1344

1224

1201

1203

1515

1693

1712

2074

1768

1896

2209

2276

1295

4.0to4.9

8008

7991

8541

8462

10888

13917

12838

12078

12291

6805

10164

13315

8710

3.0to3.9

4827

6266

7068

7624

7932

9191

9990

9889

11735

2905

4341

2791

2174

2.0to2.9

3765

4164

6419

7727

6316

4636

4027

3597

3860

3014

4626

3643

2721

1.0to1.9

1026

944

1137

2506

1344

26

18

42

21

26

39

47

34

0.1to0.9

5

1

10

134

103

0

2

2

0

1

0

1

0

NoMagnitude

3120

2807

2938

3608

2939

864

828

1807

1922

17

24

11

6

Total 22256235342745431419 311943047829568296853177714825 21577*22289*15049

Estimated

231

21357

1685

33819

228802

88003

6605

712

88011

1790

320120

21953

629

Deaths

StartinginJanuary2009,theUSGSNationalEarthquakeInformationCenternolongerlocatesearthquakessmallerthanmagnitude4.5

8/29/2015

EarthquakeFactsandStatistics

outsidetheUnitedStates,unlesswereceivespecificinformationthattheearthquakewasfeltorcauseddamage.

Thevaluesinthetablesforthemostrecentyearsmayfluctuateduetomagnitudeupdatesduringthereviewprocess.

NumberofEarthquakesintheUnitedStatesfor2000­2012

LocatedbytheUSGeologicalSurveyNationalEarthquakeInformationCenter

(M2.5+;doesn'tincludeUSregionalnetworkcontributions)

Magnitude20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010 2011 2012

8.0to9.9

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

7.0to7.9

0

1

1

2

0

1

0

1

0

0

1

1

0

6.0to6.9

6

5

4

7

2

4

7

9

9

4

8

3

4

5.0to5.9

63

41

63

54

25

47

51

72

85

58

89

51

25

4.0to4.9

281

290

536

541

284

345

346

366

432

288

631

347

250

3.0to3.9

917

842

1535

1303

1362

1475

1213

1137

1486

1492

3584

1838

1096

2.0to2.9

660

646

1228

704

1336

1738

1145

1173

1573

2379

4132

2941

1951

1.0to1.9

0

2

2

2

1

2

7

11

13

26

39

47

34

0.1to0.9

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

1

0

NoMagnitude

415

434

507

333

540

73

13

22

20

14

12

8

5

Total 23422261387629463550368527832791361842628496*5237*3365

Estimated

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Deaths

Wedetect,butgenerallydonotlocate,about50mineblasts(explosions)throughouttheUnitedStatesonanygivenbusinessday.

Theseblaststypicallyoccurbetweennoonand6PMlocaltimeMondaythroughSaturday.Ofthese,aboutoneeventeverytwodays

islargeenoughthatwecomputealocationfortheblastandpostittoaseparateexplosionslisting.

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