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KINEMATICS

1
DPP 5

1.

Two small balls of same size and different masses m1 and m2 (m1 > m2) are tied by a thin
weightless thread and dropped from a balloon. The force of air on one ball during the flight
after the motion of the balls has become steady will be
(a) m1 m 2 g

2.

(b)

m1 m2
2

(c) m1 m2 g

(d)

m1 m2
2

Velocity and acceleration of a particle at some instant of time are v ( 2i j 2k ) m/s and

a (i 6 j k) m/s2. Then, the speed of the particle is

(a) increasing at the rate of 2 m/s2


(c) increasing at the rate of 4 m/s2

(b) decreasing at the rate of 2 m/s2


(d) decreasing at the rate of 4 m/s2

3.

The velocity of a particle moving on the x-axis is given by v = x2 + x where v is in m/s and x
is in m. Its acceleration in m/s2 when passing through the point x = 2m is
(a) 0
(b) 5
(c) 11
(d) 30

4.

A particle starts moving rectilinearly at time t = 0 such that its velocity v changes with time
t according to the equation v = t2 t where t is in seconds and v is in m/s. The time interval
for which the particle retards is
(a) t < 1/2
(b) 1/2 < t < 1
(c) t > 1
(d) t < 1/2 and t > 1

5.


t
2 2
cos k ms2.
The acceleration of a particle is given by a 2i 6tj
9
3

At t = 0, r = 0 and v ( 2i j ) m/s. The position vector at t = 2 s will be


(a) 8i 10 j k m
(b) 8i 10 j 3k m

(c) 3i 8 j 10k m

(d) 10i 3 j 8k m

6.

A train of length l = 350 m starts moving rectilinearly with constant acceleration a = 3 102
m/s2. After 30 s the headlight of the train is switched on (event 1). After 60s from this event
the tail signal light is switched on (event 2). Find the distance (in m) between these events
in the reference frames fixed to the earth.

7.

A particle moves in a straight line with an acceleration (12 s2) ms2 where s is the
displacement of the particle in metre from O, a fixed point on the line, at time t seconds.
The particle has zero velocity when its displacement from O is 2m. Find the velocity (in
m/s) of the particle as it passes through O.

8.

A ball is projected on a smooth inclined


plane in a direction perpendicular to line
of greatest slope with velocity of 8m/s.
Find its speed (in m/s) after 1 sec.

8m/s

37

KINEMATICS

2
DPP 6

2.

In the figure a block of mass M is at rest on the floor. The


acceleration with which should a boy of mass m climb along the
rope of negligible mass, so as to just lift the block from the floor
is
M

(a) equal to
1 g
m

M
(b) greater than 1 g
m

M
(c) equal to g
m

M
(d) greater than g
m

B
a
m
M

Velocity-time graph of a particle is in the shape of a


semicircle of radius R as shown in figure. Its average
acceleration from T = 0 to T = R is:
(a) 0 m/s2
(b) 1 m/s2
(c) R m/s2
(d) 2R m/s2

Velocity (m/s)

1.

(0, 0) (R, 0) Time(s)

3.

Two cars initially at rest start a race. Car A accelerates at constant rate a, while car B moves
with zero initial acceleration such that rate of change of acceleration is constant. At t = 1 s
both the cars are at same position. Then at t = 0.5 s
(a) car A is ahead
(b) car B is ahead
(c) both are at same positions
(d) data insufficient

4.

Each of the three graphs represents acceleration versus time for an object that has a positive
velocity at time t1. Graphs showing the object with increasing speed in the interval t1 to t2
are
a
a
a

t1

III

II

t2

(a) graph I, only


(c) graphs I and III, only

t1

t2

t1

t2

(b) graphs I and II, only


(d) graphs I, II, and III

KINEMATICS

5.

The displacement s travelled by a body in time t is given by s


constants. The acceleration of the body is
s
2a
(a) 3 2b
(b) 2
t
2t

(c) 2b

2a
t3

a
bt 2 , where a and b are
t

(d)

s
t2

6.

An automobile passes a stationary policeman who is hiding behind a bill board with a
motorcycle. After a 2.0 sec delay (reaction time) the policeman accelerates to his maximum
speed of 150 km/hr in 12 sec and catches the automobile 1.5 km beyond the billboard. Find
the speed of automobile (in m/s).

7.

A passenger reaches the platform and finds that the second last boggy of the train is passing
him. The second last boggy takes 3s to pass the passenger, and the last boggy takes 2s to
pass him. How late in the milliseconds is the passenger for the departure of the train?
Assume that the train accelerates at constant rate and all the boggies are of equal length.

8.

A motorboat going downstream overcome a bottle floating in river at a point A. After 60


minutes, it turned back and after some time passed the bottle at a distance 6.0 km from the
point A. Find the flow velocity (in km/h) assuming the duty of the engine to be constant.

KINEMATICS

4
DPP 7

1.

Two identical particles A and B, each of mass m, are interconnected by a spring of stiffness
k. If the particle B experiences a force F and the elongation of the spring is x, the relative
acceleration between the particles is equal to
(a)

F
2m

(b)

F kx
m

(c)

F 2kx
m

(d)

kx
m

2.

The slope of the velocity displacement graph of a particle moving along a straight line is 10
unit at a position where velocity is 5 unit. The acceleration of the particle at that position is
(a) 50 unit
(b) 5 unit
(c) 10 unit
(d) 2 unit

3.

Choose the incorrect statement


(a) Average speed of a particle in a given time is never less than the magnitude of the
average velocity.

d
dv
(b) It is possible to have a situation in which
0 but
v 0.
dt
dt
(c) The average velocity of a particle is zero in a time interval. It is possible that the
instantaneous velocity is never zero in the interval.
(d) The average velocity of a particle moving on a straight line is zero in a time interval. It
is possible that the instantaneous velocity is never zero in the interval. (Infinite
accelerations are not allowed).

4.

A man standing on the edge of the terrace of a high rise building throws a stone vertically
up with a speed of 20 m/s. Two seconds later an identical stone is thrown vertically down
with the same speed. Then, choose the incorrect option
(a) the relative velocity between the two stones remain constant till one hits the ground.
(b) both will have the same kinetic energy when they hit the ground.
(c) the time interval between their hitting the ground is 4 seconds.
(d) if the collisions on the ground are perfectly elastic both will rise to the same height
above the ground.

5.

An object is moving along the x axis with position as a function of time given by x = x(t).
Point O is at x = 0. The object is definitely moving towards O when
(a) dx/dt < 0
(b) dx/dt > 0
(c) d(x2) / dt < 0
(d) d(x2)/dt > 0

6.

At a distance of 400m from the traffic light brakes are applied to a car moving with velocity
of 54 km/hr. Determine the distance of the car (in m) relative to the traffic light
1 minute after the application of the brakes if its acceleration is 0.3m/s2.

7.

Two particles are moving along two long straight lines, in the same plane, with the same
speed = 20 cm/s. The angle between the two lines is 60, and their intersection point is O.
At a certain moment, the two particles are located at distances 3m and 4m from O, and are

KINEMATICS

moving towards O. Find the shortest distance (in mm) between them subsequently.
( 3 =1.73)
8.

The position of a particle moving along a straight line is given by x = 3sint, where t is in s
1
3
and x is in m. Find the distance (in cm) travelled by the particle from t = s to t = s.
4
4
2 1.414

KINEMATICS

6
DPP 8

1.

A body of mass m is released from the top of a inclined plane of length l from height h. If
the resistive force is f, then the velocity of the body at the bottom in ms1 will be
(a)

2
mgh f l
m

(b) 2 gh f / l

(c)

2
gh
m

(d) zero

2.

A train carriage moves along the X-axis with a uniform acceleration. An observer A in the
train sets a ball in motion on frictionless floor of the carriage with a velocity relative to the
carriage. The direction of ball makes an angle with the X-axis. Let B be an observer
standing on the ground outside the train. The subsequent path of the ball will be
(a) a straight line with respect to observer A (b) parabolic with respect to observer B
(c) parabolic with respect to observer A
(d) none of these

3.

A car with a vertical wind shield moves along in a rain storm at the speed of 40 km/hr. The
rain drops fall vertically with a terminal speed of 20 m/s. The angle with the vertical at
which the rain drop strike the wind shield is
(a) tan1 (5/9)
(b) tan1 (9/5)
(c) tan1 (3/2)
(d) tan1 (3)

4.

A particle of mass m moves on the x-axis under the influence of a force of attraction
k
towards the origin O given by F 2 i . If the particle starts from rest at x = a, the speed it
x
will attain to reach at distance x from the origin O will be
1

(a)

2k x a 2
m ax

(b)

2k x k 2
m ax

(c)

k ax
m x a

(d)

m a x 2
2k ax

5.

Point A moves uniformly with velocity 5 m/s so that its velocity vector is continually
aimed at point B which in its turn moves rectilinearly and uniformly with velocity 3 m/s.
At the initial moment of time their velocities are perpendicular and the points are separated
by a distance of 32 m. Find the time (in second) after which particles will meet.

6.

A particle is released from a height of H = 400 m. Due to the wind the particle gathers the
horizontal velocity v x ay where a 5 sec1 and y is the vertical displacement of the
particle from point of release. Find the horizontal drift (in m) of the particle when it strikes
the ground.

7.

Rain is falling vertically with a speed of 20 ms-1 relative to air. A person is running in the
rain with a velocity of 5 ms-1 and a wind is also blowing with a speed of 15 ms1 (both
towards east). Find the cotangent of the angle with the vertical at which the person should
hold his umbrella so that he may not get drenched.

8.

A glass wind screen whose inclination with the vertical can be changed is mounted on a
car. The car moves horizontally with a speed of 2m/s. If the angle of the wind screen with
vertical is when vertically downward falling raindrops with velocity of 6 m/s strikes the
screen perpendicularly. Find tan .

KINEMATICS

1.

DPP 9
As shown in the figure, two blocks of masses 3 kg
and 6 kg are connected by a string of mass 1 kg
and placed on a frictionless surface. The system is
pulled from the side of block 3 kg with a constant
force 20 N. Tension in the string at points A, B and
C is
(a) 16 N, 14 N, 12 N
(c) 14 N, 12 N, 10 N

20N

3kg

6kg

1kg
B

(b) 14 N, zero, 12 N
(d) 14 N, 13 N, 12 N

2.

The velocities in x and y direction of a particle moving in xy plane is given by


v x a0 t ; v y x where a 0 and are some constants, t is time and x is the displacement in x
direction at any time t. The trajectory of the particle will be
92 2
92
22 2
22 3
(a) y 3
x
(b) y 3
x
(c) y 2 2 x 2
(d) y 2
x
9a 0
9a 0
2a0
2a0

3.

Three particles A, B and C are thrown simultaneously


with speeds v A , v B and vC with A horizontally, B at an
angle of 60 with the horizontal and C vertically in such a
manner that they collide simultaneously at H, the highest
point of the parabolic path of B. If the acceleration due to
gravity is g, then the ratio of the speeds v A : v B : vC is
(a) 1 : 1 : 1

4.

5.

(b) 1 : 2 : 3

(c) 3 : 1 : 1

A golfer standing on level ground hits a ball with a


velocity of u = 52 m/s at an angle above the horizontal.
If tan = 5/12, then the time for which the ball is at least
15m above the ground (i.e. between A and B) will be (take
g = 10 m/s2)
(a) 1 sec
(b) 2 sec
(c) 3 sec

vA

H
vB

60
C

(d) 3 : 2 : 1

uA
15 m

B
15 m

(d) 4 sec

Two boats were going down stream with different velocities. When one overtook the other,
a plastic ball was dropped from one of the boats. Some time later both boats turned back
simultaneously & went at the same speeds as before (relative to the water) towards the spot
where the ball had been dropped. The boat reaching earlier to the ball will be
(a) the boat which has greater velocity (relative to water)
(b) the boat which has lesser velocity (relative to water)
(c) both will reach the ball simultaneously
(d) cannot be decided unless we know the actual values of the velocities and the time after
which they turned around.

KINEMATICS

6.

A boy throws a ball upwards with a velocity 12 m/sec at a angle with the vertical. The
wind imparts a horizontal acceleration of 0.4 m/s2. If for angle the ball thrown returns to
the point of release, then find cot .

7.

A man can throw a stone with a speed of 10 m/s. The maximum horizontal distance to which
he can throw the stone in a room of height 2m is x . Find the value of x,

8.

To a man running upwards on the hill, the rain appears to fall vertically downwards with
4m/s. The velocity vector of the man with respect to earth is ( 2i 3 j ) m/s. If the man starts
running down the hill with the same speed, the relative speed of the rain with respect to
man is n m/s. Find the value of n.

KINEMATICS

9
DPP 10

1.

To measure the acceleration of a vertically upward moving elevator, a small body weighing
3 N is fastened to one end of a massless string which is in turn attached to the top of the
elevator. If the tension in the string is 5N, then the acceleration of the elevator is
(a)

2.

3.

4.

5
9.8 m/s 2
3

(b)

3
9.8 m/s 2
5

(c) 0 m/s2

(d)

2
9.8 m/s 2
3

A particle moves in the x-y plane with velocity v k1i k 2 xj, where i and j are the unit
vectors along the x and y axes and k1 and k 2 are constants. At the initial moment, the
particle was located at the point x = y = 0. The equation to the particles trajectory is
k
k
2k
2k
(b) y 2 x 2
(c) y 1 x 2
(d) y 2 x 2
(a) y 1 x 2
k2
k1
2k 2
2k1

A particle is projected with a speed V from a point O


making an angle of 30 with the vertical. At the same
instant, a second particle is thrown vertically upwards
from a point A. The two particle reach H, the highest point
on the parabolic path of first particle simultaneously. The
V
is
ratio
v
2
(a) 3 2
(b) 2 3
(c)
3
The acceleration of a particle which moves
along the positive x-axis varies with its
position as shown. If the velocity of the
particle is 0.8 m/s at x = 0 , the velocity (in
m/s) of the particle at x = 1.4 is
(a) 1.6
(b) 1.2
(c) 1.4
(d) none of these

V
30

v
O
(d)

A
3
2

a (in m/s2)

0.4
0.2

0.4 0.8

1.4

x (in m)

5.

Two trains A and B leave the same station on parallel tracks. A starts with uniform
1
acceleration of m/s2 and attains a speed of 24 km/h. B leaves 40 s later with uniform
6
1
acceleration of m/s2 and attains a speed of 48 km/h. Find the time (in s) after which train
3
B will overtake train A.

6.

A gun kept on a straight horizontal road, is used to hit a car, tavelling along the same road
away from the gun with the uniform speed of 90 km/h. The car is at a distance of 600 m

KINEMATICS

10

from the gun when shell is fired from the gun at an angle of 30 with the horizontal. Find
the position (in m) from the initial position of the car at which the shell hits the car.

7.

A gun is situated on an inclined plane. The maximum range up the inclined plane and down
the inclined plane are 250 m and 750 m respectively. Find the angle of inclination (in
degree) of the inclined plane.

8.

In the figure shown, the two projectiles are fired simultaneously. Find the minimum
distance (in m) between them during their flight?
203m/s
20m/s
60

30

20m