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Zika Virus

http://www.ifwh.org

What is Zika Virus?


The Zika virus is a mosquito-borne illness primarily
contracted by a mosquito bite
Initially identified in the 1950s in Africa and parts of
South and Southeast Asia, the first case was reported in
the Americas in 2014
In recent years, reports of babieswith serious birth
defects born to mothers infected with the Zika virus
have increased sharply

Symptoms of the Zika virus


Symptoms of the Zika virus are generally mild and may include a
fever, rash, joint pain and conjunctivitis
CDC states that only about one in five people infected with the
virus experience symptoms, so you may not even know if youve
been infected
Even more alarming, Theres no vaccine or treatment for the Zika
virus, said Karen Carcamo, M.D., an obstetrician-gynecologist at
the Institute for Womens Health, San Antonio
Therefore, we recommend women who are pregnant or trying to
become pregnant take extra precautions to avoid mosquito bites,
such as wearing mosquito repellant daily and clothing that covers
the majority of the skin.

How does the Zika virus affect pregnant women and their babies?

The Zika virus is believed to be spread from a pregnant woman to


her unborn baby. Reports have shown poor pregnancy outcomes in
babies of mothers infected with the Zika virus during their
pregnancy, including serious birth defects of the brain. In light of
limited information surrounding the extent of these effects, the CDC
is urging all pregnant women to avoid any non-essential travel to
other countries
Its important to note that, while the CDC is recommending
travelers to these countries take enhanced precautions, they have a
stronger set of recommendations for pregnant women, Dr. Carcamo
cautioned. The CDC website is an excellent source for the most
current information regarding the Zika virus, Dr. Carcamo added.

If youre pregnant and think youve contracted the Zika virus, what
should you do?

First things first: call your obstetrician, Dr. Carcamo stressed.


Your obstetrician can document the exposure and determine
whether further testing may be necessary. Most importantly:
Remain calm. The odds are likely it may not be the Zika virus,
but rather an upper respiratory infection or allergies.
Still, since no vaccine or effective treatment exists for the Zika
virus, prevention is critical. The Zika virus may sound scary,
but fortunately, prevention is relatively simple
Still, since no vaccine or effective treatment exists for the Zika
virus, prevention is critical. The Zika virus may sound scary,
but fortunately, prevention is relatively simple.

About Karen Carcamo


Karen Carcamo, M.D., MPH,is an obstetriciangynecologist with the Institute for Womens Health, San
Antonio
To schedule an appointment with Dr. Carcamo, please
call 2106158585
Source https://www.ifwh.org/en/the-zika-virus-four-things-to-know
-if-youre-pregnant/