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David C.

Ailion

10 points

Problem 1.

10 points

Problem 2.

Physics 3760
Date:
10/01/14
Thermodynamics & Statistical Mechanics
Homework #6
Due Date: 10/08/14

Take an ideal monatomic gas ( 53 ) around the Carnot cycle, where


point 1 at the beginning of the adiabatic compression has pressure P1 =
P0 (atmospheric pressure), volume V1 = 13 liters, and temperature T1 =
300 K. Point 3 has pressure P3 = 2P0 and volume V3 = 26 liters. The
resulting Carnot cycle is shown is the figure below. Calculate the values
of volume and pressure for all four points.

Take the gas whose equation of state is P(v b) = R and whose heat
capacity Cv is a function of only through a Carnot cycle, and prove that
= T.

25 points

Problem 3.

The initial state of 0.1 mol of an ideal monatomic gas is P0 = 32 Pa and


V0 = 8m3. The final state is P1 = 1 Pa and V1 = 64m3. Suppose that the
gas undergoes a process along a straight line joining these two states
with an equation P = aV + b, where a = -31/56 and b =255/7. Plot this
straight line to scale on a PV diagram.
Calculate:
(a)
Temperature T as a function of V along the straight line.
(b)
The value V at which T is a maximum.
(c)
The values of T0, Tmax, and T1.
(d)
The heat Q transferred from the volume V0 to any other volume V
along the straight line, expressed as a function of the volume V.
(e)
The values of P and V at which Q is a maximum.

David C. Ailion

Physics 3760
Date:
10/01/14
Thermodynamics & Statistical Mechanics
Homework #6
Due Date: 10/08/14
(continued)

10 points

Problem 4.

Prove that the slope on a TS diagram of:


(a)
(b)

An isochoric curve is T/CV.


An isobaric curve is T/CP.

20 points

Problem 5.

S&S problem 5-13.