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Special Effects in Film and Television
Have you ever wondered how movie monsters and dinosaurs can seem so real? In this
article, we follow the process of a group of special effects artists as they create a miniature
model of a prehistoric landscape, complete with dinosaurs that move!

Your Own Miniature Model Using materials you find around the house and outside,

Comprehension Skill
Graphic Sources
Graphic sources are visual

materials such as pictures, time lines,

maps, charts, and diagrams that make
information easy to understand.
Previewing graphic sources before
reading a story or article can help you
predict what it will be about.


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such as scrap wood, cardboard, construction paper, rocks, and sand, create a miniature model
of a scene from a favorite story that you would like to see made into a movie.

Get the Picture? Take turns

describing stories or articles that this

picture might accompany. Create
as many captions as you can for the

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Lesson Vocabulary


Words to Know

Prepositions and
Prepositional Phrases

Knowing the meanings of these words

is important to reading Special Effects
in Film and Television. Practice using
these words.

A preposition is a word that shows a

relationship between a noun and another
noun. For example: Maria stood between
her parents. The preposition between
shows where Maria (a noun) stood in
relation to her parents (also a noun).
A prepositional phrase begins
with a preposition and ends with
a noun called the object of the
preposition. For example: Samuel
crawled under the porch. Under is the
preposition, porch is the object of the
preposition, and under the porch is the
prepositional phrase.

Vocabulary Words
background the part of a picture or

scene toward the back

landscape a view of scenery on land
miniature smaller in size or scale than
others of its type
prehistoric of or belonging to periods
before recorded history

reassembled came or brought

together again

Where Are You Going? Many

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prepositions describe location. Write

five prepositional phrases that answer
the question, Where are you going?
Have a family member write the object
of the preposition for each of your
phrases, and then check their work.
When you are done, switch roles.

Practice Tested Spelling Words

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