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Francisco Madero

Ideologies

1. The power of the government should be in the hands of all the people, not just
the rich
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2. Fair land distribution to all
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Aims

1. True Democracy in Mexico


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- elections without corruption
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- a majority of Mexico actively exercising their right to vote and be involved in
the political process
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- prohibition of reelection of president
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2. Despite his rich background he wanted to bring equality to the lower class in
Mexico
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Methods

1. Redistribution of wealth from wealthy to poor


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2. Moderate reform- did not remove of all of Diazs officers because he did not
want to cause chaos in Mexico
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Achievements

1. First elected president after the 30+ year long dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz
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2. Helped usurp Porfirio Diaz
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3. Recognized as leader of the revolution among all revolutionaries
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- He was the person attributed with catalyzing the Mexican Revolution
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- Known as the Father of the Revolution
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Failures

1. Never carried out the policies he preached


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- Did not create any land reforms
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- Much of his time in office was spent on convincing the Mexican elites that
their privileges would remain the same
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2. Unable to quell the fears and resolve the protests created by the conservative
Mexicans
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- Many of those who supported Porfirio Diaz (conservatives) opposed Madero
for his reform
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- Then there were those who felt as though Madero was not as radical as he
could be
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3. Arrested and executed by Huerta and his forces
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- Maderos downfall was due to his full faith in his generals and believing they
would not conspire against him
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Venustiano Carranza
Ideologies

1. Dissolve large power controlling units and return power to municipal


government and establish municipal governments as strong units
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2. Need for political reform but did not recognize need for social reformidentified typically with the middle class and often the property-owning
population also
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Aims

1. Take down the Diaz regime


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2. Write a new constitution that is similar to the 1857 constitution but adapt
it to 20th century
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3. Redistribute land to natives/rightful owners
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4. Promised free education
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Methods

1. Organized constitutional convention in 1916-similar to the way the US did


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2. Helped lead physical forces alongside Madero against Diaz


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Achievements

Failures

1. Increased womens rights such as ability to legalize divorce, alimony


rights, and manage property
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2. Helped keep Mexico neutral during the World War I
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3. Thwarted US General Pershings expedition to capture Villa
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1. Was not successful in redistribution of land
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2. Mexico faced many grave financial issues and social discord all due to
Carranzas unwillingness to implement social reforms
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3. Failed to enact free education
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4. Appointment of Ignacio Bonillas as successor instead of Obregon
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- caused discontent and Sonoran Huerta rebelled
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Emiliano Zapata
Ideologies

1. Agrarianism
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- He advocated political policies that redistributed land towards the lower socioeconomic
classes
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2. Believed in the inalienable rights of man
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- New social structure that benefitted a majority of the Mexican people vs. the rich elite
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3. Tierra y libertad
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4. Anarchism
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Aims

1. In his Plan of Ayala he stated he would buy back of the haciendas lands and reallocate to the
poor
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- Wanted the redistribution of wealth and property stolen from the people by the regime
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- Against the Hacienda system
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2. Aid his people and help them recover from the regime
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Methods

1. First tried to resolve conflicts through peaceful negotiations and legal methods
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- He would cordially discuss with the haciendas to return some of the land they had seized
from the poor farmers 10
- Utilized old title deeds to prove claim of the haciendas lands
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- Urged the governor to make land reforms
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2. Used force to retake lands from haciendas
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Achievements

1. Helped overthrow Porfirio Diaz by forming and commanding his own army
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2. Powerful revolutionary leader to help kickstart revolution and was supported by the majority
because of his agrarian reform and support and recognition of indigenous citizens
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Failures

1. Did not get the land reform he had aimed for


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2. Assassinated by Guajardo
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PanchoVilla

Ideologies

1.

Honoringtheruleandmotivationsofhisallies
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- Hewasaveryloyalman2

2. Anti-communismandanti-bolsheviks
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- Althoughhedidnotadvocatedforsocialism,hewasamajoropponenttothe
bolshevikregimeandanyformofgovernmentcontrolsimilartothatin
communism.Hebelievedthatequalitydoesnotandcannotexistandsaw
inequalityasinevitablewithinourworld
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Aims

1.

Methods

1.

Achievements

1.
2.
3.
4.

Failures

1.

Landreform
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- Heredistributedthelandbyseizingthelandfromtherichandgivingitbackto
thepoorandthosewhohadsacrificedtheirlivesintheMexicanRevolution
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2. Greatereducation

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3. Priceandtaxcontrol
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Propaganda
- Villawasabletoincreasehispopularitythroughthemediasincemanyjournalists,
moviedirectors,andphotographerswereinterestedinhiseffortsinthe
Revolution.Hestarredinhisownfilms,whichrecordedhisbattles
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2. Military
- Heutilizedrailroadstomobilizehistroopsatincrediblespeeds.Hisemploymentof
LosDorados(acavalryunit),useofartillery,andthecompulsorydraftingof
menfromdefeatedenemyunitsallowedhimtoeffectivelytakechargeofthe
revolution
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HelpedoverthrowPorfirioDiaz
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Redistributedland
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BattleofCelaya7

LeaderofDivisindelNorteduringtherevolution
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CollapseofCurrency
- TherapiddeclineoftheVillistapesorenderedVillauselessashecouldnotpay
hissoldiers.Furthermore,theeconomywasimmediatelyrecedingandVillalost
mostofhissupportfromthisturnofevents
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2. TerrorismagainstMexico
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- Hemurderedmanyinnocentcitizensandcondonedthesexualassaultofthe
wivesofarrestedsoldiers
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3. WasnotsuccessfulinattempttojoinforceswiththoseofCarranza
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4. AssassinatedinJune1923
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Sources
1. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Francisco_(Pancho)_Villa
2. https://www.greenleft.org.au/node/19763
3. http://biography.yourdictionary.com/articles/how-did-pancho-villa-die.html
4. https://sites.google.com/site/mlgmexrev/home
5. http://www.biography.com/people/francisco-madero-39449#synopsis
6. http://mcdonoughhistoryper2.blogspot.com/p/blog-page.html
7. http://www.history.com/topics/pancho-villa
8. http://www.britannica.com/biography/Francisco-Madero
9. http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/presidentsofmexico/a/fmadero.htm
10. http://www.biography.com/people/emiliano-zapata-9540356#synopsis
11. http://mcdonoughhistoryper2.blogspot.com/p/venustiano-carranza.html
12. http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/emiliano-zapata-194.php
13. http://www.britannica.com/biography/Venustiano-Carranza
14. http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Venustiano_Carranza.aspx
15. http://latinoartcommunity.org/community/gallery/1910/CourseRev/Leaders/Villa/Villa03.ht
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