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ATA 23

COMMUNICATION
Jazz Aviation LP, 2011. All rights reserved. No part of these materials may be reproduced, stored in any material
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ATA 23 - Communication

Table of Contents
COMMUNICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
VHF Communication System. . . . . . . . . 6
HF Communications System. . . . . . . . . . 6
Selective Calling (SELCAL) . . . . . . . . . . 7
Passenger Address &
Communication Interphone System (PACIS). . 7
Units (PSUs) & lavatory. . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Active Noise and Vibration
Control System (ANVS) . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Cockpit Voice Recording (CVR) System. . . . 7
Radio management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
VHF Communication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
VHF COM 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
VHF COM 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Transceiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Transceiver Modes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Standby Control Unit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Antenna. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Audio & Radio Control Display Unit . . . . . . . 18
Particular Page. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Test: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Channel Programming:. . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Channel Pages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Audio Control: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Rotary Microphone (Transmitter) Selector:. . 21
BOOM/MASK Toggle Switch: . . . . . . . . 21
NORM/EMER Toggle Switch: . . . . . . . . 21
Standby Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

PASSENGER ADDRESS & COMMUNICATION


INTERPHONE SYSTEM (PACIS). . . . . . . . . . 26
Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Passenger Address Amplifier . . . . . . . . . . 30
Forward Attendant Control Panel . . . . . . . . 32
Forward Attendant Handset . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Aft Attendant Handset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Controls & Indications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
ACTIVE NOISE & VIB CONT SYS (ANVS). . . . . 36
Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Unit(s). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Active Noise Control Unit (ANCU) . . . . . . 40
Circuit Breaker Box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Microphone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Accelerometer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Power Amplifier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Active Tuned Vibration Attenuator (ATVA) . . 44
Vibration Transducer. . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
PBMS Terminal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Controls & Indications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
AUDIO INTEGRATION SYSTEM (AIS). . . . . . . 50
Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Remote Control Audio Unit (RCAU) . . . . . . . 52
Observers Audio Control Panel. . . . . . . . . 54
Flight Compartment Speaker . . . . . . . . . . 56
Hand Microphone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Flight Compartment Jack Boxes. . . . . . . . . 60
Observers Jack Box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Ground Crew Jack Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Copilots Side Console PTT Switch. . . . . . . 68

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication
Hand Wheel Transmit/lnterphone Switch . . . . 70
Nose Wheel Steering PTT Switch. . . . . . . . 72
COCKPIT VOICE RECORDING SYS. . . . . . . . 74
Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Microphone Monitor Unit. . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Underwater Locator Beacon. . . . . . . . . . . 78
Impact Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

List of Figures
COMMUNICATIONS
Figure 1 VHF1 Comm Sys Block Diagram. . . 11
Figure 2 VHF Transceiver Locator. . . . . . . 13
Figure 3 Standby Control Unit Locator. . . . . 15
Figure 4 VHF Antenna Locator. . . . . . . . . 17
Figure 5 ARCDU, VHF COM
Controls & Indication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Figure 6 VHF Transceiver - Test. . . . . . . . 25
PASSENGER ADDRESS & COMMUNICATION
INTERPHONE SYSTEM (PACIS)
Figure 7 PACIS Block Diagram . . . . . . . . 29
Figure 8 Passenger Power Amplifier (PM). . . 31
Figure 9 FWD & AFT Flight Attendant Handset
Cradle Position. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Figure 10 Fwd & Aft Atten Handset,
PACIS Mode Sel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

Figure 21 Hand Microphones Locator. . . . . 59


Figure 22 Flight Comp Jack Boxes Loc . . . . 61
Figure 23 Observers Jack Boxes Loc. . . . . 63
Figure 24 Fwd Ground Crew Jack Boxes . . . 65
Figure 25 Fuel Panel & Aft Ground
Crew Jack Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Figure 26 Copilots Side Console PTT Switch. 69
Figure 27 Hand Wheel Switches Loc . . . . . 71
Figure 28 NWS PTT Switch Locator. . . . . . 73
COCKPIT VOICE RECORDING SYS
Figure 29 CVR Block Diagram. . . . . . . . . 75
Figure 30 Microphone Monitor Unit Locator. . 77
Figure 31 Underwater Locator Beacon Loc . . 79
Figure 32 SSCVR Impact Switch Locator . . . 81

ACTIVE NOISE & VIB CONT SYS (ANVS)


Figure 11 ANVS Block Diagram . . . . . . . . 39
Figure 12 ANVC Locator. . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Figure 13 Mic & Accelerometer Detail. . . . . 43
Figure 14 Power Amp & Active
Tuned Vib Attenuator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Figure 15 Vib Transducer Locator. . . . . . . 47
Figure 16 Flight Attendants Panel . . . . . . . 49
AUDIO INTEGRATION SYSTEM (AIS)
Figure 17 AIS Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . 51
Figure 18 RCAU Loc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Figure 19 Observers ACP Loc. . . . . . . . . 55
Figure 20 Flight Compartment Speakers Loc . 57
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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication
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ATA 23 - Communication

COMMUNICATIONS
Overview
The aircraft communication systems have different subsystems to do the following functions:
Communications in the Very High Frequency (VHF)
band
Communications in the High Frequency (HF) band
Flight phone
ARINC communication addressing and reporting
Selective calling (SELCAL)
Noise and vibration control
Announcements to the passengers by the pilots or
flight attendants
Audio management
Cockpit voice recording
Radio management.
The communication system has the following subsystems:
VHF communication
HF communication
Flight phone
ARINC Communication Addressing and Reporting
System (ACARS)
Selective Calling (SELCAL)
Passenger Address and Communication Interphone
System (PACIS)
Active Noise and Vibration Control System (ANVC)
Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Audio Integration System (AIS)


Cockpit Voice Recording (CVR) system
Radio management
VHF Communication System
The Very High Frequency (VHF) communication
system gives line-of-sight, two way voice and data
communication. There are two VHF communication
systems installed. A third unit is optional. Each system
operates in the 118 to 137 Megahertz (MHz) frequency
spectrum in 8.33 Kilohertz (KHz) channel spacing. It
gives short range airborne to ground, ground to airborne,
and airborne to airborne communications. The VHF
transceiver Amplitude Modulates (AM) the transmission.
HF Communications System
The High Frequency (HF) Communication system gives
long-range, two way single sideband AM, voice and
data communication. The HF communication system
transmits and receives high frequency communication
signals in the 2.0 to 29.9999 MHz frequency radio
spectrum with 100 Hz channel spacing. It is controlled
by a control unit and the Audio and Radio Control
Display Units (ARCDUs). The control unit controls most
HF communication functions and the ARCDUs only
control the HF audio and transmitter selection. ARINC
Communication Addressing and Reporting System
(ACARS) The ARINC communication and Reporting
System (ACARS) gives airborn to ground communication
through high speed digital data link messages.

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ATA 23 - Communication
Selective Calling (SELCAL)
The selective Calling (SELCAL) system interfaces
with the VHF and HF radios to give visual and aural
indications of ground station calls addressed specifically
to the aircraft.
Passenger Address & Communication Interphone
System (PACIS)
The Passenger Address and Communication Interphone
System (PACIS) gives the following functions:
Passenger Address (PA) announcements to the
passengers
Interphone communications between the flight
attendants and pilots for private conversations
Flight attendant calls from switches in the Passenger
Service
Units (PSUs) & lavatory.
Audio Integration System (AIS) The Audio Integration
System (AIS) controls the following audio functions:
Monitor radio communications receivers and make
transmissions
Monitor the radio navigation receivers
Interphone communications between pilot, copilot,
observer, and ground crew members.

Navigation receivers
Pilot, copilot, observers, and ground crew jack boxes
Passenger Address Amplifier (PAA)
Flight compartment speakers
Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder (SSCVR).
Active Noise and Vibration Control System (ANVS)
The Active Noise and Vibration Control System reduces
the level of the periodic noise in the passenger cabin
created by the aircraft propellers. The system works by
producing another (secondary) vibration in the cabin,
which is out of phase with the first (original) vibration
field. The primary and secondary fields combine to
produce lower noise and vibration levels.
Cockpit Voice Recording (CVR) System
The solid state Cockpit Voice Recorder (SSCVR) system
records the last two hours of flight compartment audio
and clock data. It records audio in a digital format in
crash-survivable Non-Volatile Memory (NVM).

The Audio Integration System (AIS) uses the ARCDUs


and observers Audio Control Panel (ACP) to control the
Remote Control Audio Unit (RCAU) interfaces with the
following systems:
Communication transceivers
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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication
Radio management
The Radio Management System is used to control and
monitor the Radio Communication (RCOM) and Radio
Navigation (RNAV) systems. The ARCDU has the
controls and indications of the audio and radio systems
installed.
The radio management system has two Audio and Radio
Control Display Units (ARCDU 1, ARCDU 2) that have
the following functions:
Tunes the radio communication and radio navigation
systems and controls their operational modes
Shows all data that is related to the operation of the
radio communication and navigation systems
Monitors the operation of the RCOM and RNAV
systems to show malfunctions
Controls the operation of the Passenger Address and
Communication Interphone System (PACIS).
Controls the operation of the Audio Integration System
(AIS).
Controls the operation of the Central Diagnostics
System (CDS)

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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication
VHF Communication

VHF COM 2

There are two VHF communication systems installed.


A third unit is optional. Each system operates in the
118 to 137 Megahertz (MHz) frequency spectrum in
8.33 Kilohertz (KHz) channel spacing. It gives short
range airborne to ground (line-of-sight), ground to
airborne (data), and airborne to airborne (two way voice)
communications.
The VHF transceiver Amplitude Modulates (AM) the
transmission.
The VHF transceiver operates in the following modes:
Power-On Self Test (POST)
Operational
Maintenance.

The VHF COM2 system operates similar to the VHF


COM1 system but cannot be tuned by the VHF COM1
standby controller.
VHF COM 3
On aircraft with the VHF COM3 installed, this system is
usually used with ACARS. It operates like both other VHF
COM systems but cannot be tuned by the VHF COM1
standby controller or FMS either.

Each VHF transceiver is controlled by the following


equipment:
Standby controller for VHF1 transceiver
Audio and Radio Control Display Units (ARCDU)
Flight Management System (FMS) Multi-Functional
Control Display Units (MCDUs).
NOTE: The MCDUs cannot control VHF3.
The VHF Communication System has the following
components:
Transceiver
Unit, standby control
Antenna

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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 1 VHF1 Comm Sys Block Diagram


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ATA 23 - Communication
Transceiver

Operational Mode:

The VHF transceiver weighs 6.12 lbs. It has


subassemblies mechanically packaged into a 8.08
in. high, 3.93 in. wide by 16.1 in. long case. A single
recessed rack-mounted rear panel connector and an
RF connector interconnect the aircraft wire harness and
antenna installation.

The operational mode has the following modes:


Mode 0A
Mode 0B
Mode 1A

The two VHF transceivers are located on the upper shelf


of the avionics rack. The mounting tray protects and
holds the wired assembly in place and helps dissipate
heat.

The Built In Test Equipment (BITE) uses the Central


Diagnostic System (CDS) to give the condition of the
component. It saves faults in a Non Volatile Memory
(NVM) for reporting to line and shop maintenance.

Transceiver Modes

The VHF transceiver has a Built In Test Equipment


(BITE) mode to monitor the condition of the following
component:
Power-On Self Test (POST)
Continuous Monitoring.

Power-On Self Test (POST):


The Power-On Self Test (POST) mode automatically
starts and continues for 30 seconds after power-up,
during which time the VHF transceivers do the following
self-tests:
Hardware
ARINC 429 inputs
Discrete inputs
Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR)
Transmitter
Receiver
Indication of test in progress and successful
completion.

Maintenance Mode:

Power-On Self Test (POST):


The Power-On Self Test (POST) checks the condition
of the component at power-up or after a long power
interruption, more than 200 milliseconds.
Continuous Monitoring:
The continuous monitoring checks the status of the
component in flight. It records faults in a Non Volatile
Memory (NVM) for later troubleshooting using the Central
Diagnostic System (CDS).

If the self-test senses a malfunction, it is sent to the


Central Diagnostic System (CDS) for later analysis during
maintenance functions.
Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 2 VHF Transceiver Locator


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ATA 23 - Communication
Standby Control Unit
A standby control panel that tunes VHF1 is installed in
the forward, center pedestal area, in reach of the pilot
and copilot.
The standby control unit is 3.15 in. high, 2.55 in. wide
by 6.18 in. long case. Two recessed rack-mounted rear
panel connector interconnect the aircraft wire harness.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 3 Standby Control Unit Locator


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ATA 23 - Communication
Antenna
The antenna is a vertically-polarized antenna that
operates in the VHF communications frequency spectrum
of 118 to 156 MHz.
The antenna blade has a preformed radiating element
in a thermoplastic assembly. A Radio Frequency (RF)
N-type female connector is attached to the aluminum
base.
An aluminum foil gasket with an elastomeric sealant
makes electrical contact between the gasket and aircraft
structure. The pressure applied during installation gives
a contouring feature to let the gasket contact the two
mating surfaces.
The VHF1 antenna is attached to the upper fuselage
with six mounting bolts at station point X.186 and the
VHF2 antenna is attached to the lower fuselage with six
mounting bolts at station point X.81.
The antennas weigh 2.2 lbs.

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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 4 VHF Antenna Locator


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ATA 23 - Communication
Audio & Radio Control Display Unit
The ARCDU front panel has the controls and indications
to let the pilots control the audio and radio systems
installed. The VHF transceivers are controlled by the
two Audio and Radio Control Display Units (ARCDU 1,
ARCDU 2).
They control the following functions:
Tunes the VHF communication system and controls
their operational modes
Shows all data that is related to the operation of the
VHF communication systems
Monitors the operation of the VHF communication
system to show malfunctions
Controls the operation of the Audio Integration System
(AIS).
ARCDU1 and ARCDU2 selections control the VHF
Communication frequencies and the mode to be used.
Selection
OFF
ON
BOTH
FMS

A minimum of two steps are required to change the active


frequency.
The side key adjacent to the VHF communication display
area is pushed to highlight the preset frequency. It is
pushed again to make the preset frequency active. The
frequency that was active now becomes the new preset
frequency.
When the side key adjacent to the VHF communication
display area is pushed, the preset frequency in the
display area highlights. The TUNE double rotary knobs
located at the lower right side of the ARCDU are turned
to change the preset frequency. The side key is pushed
again to set the new active frequency. The frequency that
was active now becomes the new preset frequency.
NOTE: To meet the 8.33 KHz channel spacing
requirement, an optional transceiver that
is capable of tuning in 8.33 and 25 KHz
increments is installed.

Description
The ARCDU is not powered.
The related FMS controls and tunes as a
backup
The ARCDU controls and tunes its related
radio system
The ARCDU controls and tunes its related
and opposite radio systems
The FMS controls and tunes its related and
opposite radio systems

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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication
The CH key is pushed to set the channel memory mode
from eight preset frequencies using a channel memory
selection. A green bar in the CH key comes on and a
channel memory annunciator comes into view in green
characters below the active frequency indication.
In addition, the channel memory number is shown
adjacent to the preset frequency.
The side key adjacent to the VHF Communication display
area is pushed to change the preset frequency. When
the TUNE double rotary knobs are turned, the channel
memory number shown adjacent to the preset frequency
changes. If a channel memory number is not shown in
the display area, it starts with CH1. The programmed
frequency for the channel memory is shown in place
of the preset value as black characters on a cyan. The
double rotary knobs are turned to select the different
preset channel memories.
The rotary knob has a roll over capability. The VHF
Communication side key is pushed again to validate the
channel memory selection.
Two successive pushes of the Communication side
key causes the preset frequency to replace the active
frequency. The active frequency becomes the preset
frequency. The channel memory number appears in
green characters below the active frequency.
This shows that the active frequency is associated with
a channel memory number. When the CH key is pushed
again, the channel memory mode changes to the normal
frequency selection. All channel memory annunciators
are removed and the green light in the CH key goes out.

If the selections that follow are not made within five


seconds, the previous preset frequency is restored:
Turn one or the other TUNE double rotary knob
Push the same side key again.
Particular Page
The Communication Particular Page comes into view
when the communication side key is pushed followed by
the EXP key on the keyboard.
The particular page can be used to change the VHF
Communication Receiver (VHF COM1, VHF COM 2)
modes and following functions:
Channel programming
Test.
Test:
The side key adjacent to the TEST legend is pushed to
set the squelch test mode. The test mode starts a one
(1) second test of the VHF communication transceiver.
The automatic squelch circuit is disabled to let the
transceiver noise be heard. This makes sure that the unit
is energized. The white TEST legend changes to reverse
video during test.
Channel Programming:
Eight preset channels are available on two pages for
VHF Communication tuning. The preset and active
frequencies can be tuned from both channel pages.
The side key adjacent to the CHANNELS legend is
pushed to access the Channel Programming mode.

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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication
Channel Pages

Audio Control:

Channel presets are labeled as CH1 through CH8 in


white characters. Each channel window shows the
current preset channel number in a cyan font below its
preset labels.

The VHF1 or VHF 2 Potentiometer pushbutton switches


control the following audio parameters:
On
Off
Level.

The second channel memory page comes into view


when the side key adjacent to the NEXT legend is
pushed or the NEXT key is pushed. The side key
adjacent to the PREVIOUS legend is pushed or the
PREV key is pushed to see the first channel memory
page. The PG 1/2 key is pushed to show the first main
page.
When the side key related to the channel being changed
is pushed, the current frequency value changes to
black characters on a cyan background. The two TUNE
concentric knobs located at the lower right side of the
ARCDU are turned to change the frequency. The side
key is pushed again to validate the new frequency.
The channel window shows the new frequency in cyan
characters on the black display. If the new selected
channel is associated to a preset radio frequency, both
values change together. If the modified channel is
associated to an active radio frequency, the label will
flash for five seconds at a 1 hertz rate. This shows that it
is not possible to directly change an active frequency.
If the frequency selections are not made within five
seconds, the previous preset frequency restores.

The top part of the potentiometer is pushed to turn the


specific audio signal to the headphone on or off. The
VHF1, or VHF2 pushbutton switch is pushed on the
ARCDU to make its audio available to the flight crew
member. When the SPKR pushbutton potentiometer
switch is pushed, the VHF Communication audio
is routed to the two flight compartment speakers. A
loudspeaker graphic is shown in the INT window.
The Communication receiver display area shows the
volume level as a vertical bar graph. The height of the
bar graph shows the volume selection level. When the
audio is selected off, the bar graph is shown in white. The
bar graph changes to green when the audio is selected
on.
The ARCDUs have the radio and audio controls for the
VHF transceivers that follows:
Rotary microphone (transmitter) selector
BOOM/MASK toggle switch
NORM/EMER toggle switch
The rotary microphone selector switch is set to a radio
position followed by a Push to Talk (PTT) selection to
make transmission.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication
Rotary Microphone (Transmitter) Selector:
The rotary microphone selector switch is turned to make
the following radio transmitter selections:
Rotary Microphone System (Transmitter) Selection
VHF 1

VHF communications 1

VHF 2

VHF communications 2

AUX 1

VHF communications 3 or UHF


communications

Remote Control Audio Unit (RCAU) to cause a relay to


connect the headphone and speakers directly to the
related VHF Communication transceiver. The audio is
set to predetermined level and cannot be controlled
by the potentiometer pushbutton switches. Also, the
microphone key line is directly connected to the related
VHF Communication transceiver.

BOOM/MASK Toggle Switch:


When the BOOM/MASK toggle switch is set to BOOM,
the headset boom microphone supplies audio to VHF
transceiver through the Remote Control Audio Unit
(RCAU).
When the BOOM/MASK toggle switch is set to MASK,
the oxygen mask microphone supplies audio to the Audio
and Radio Management System (ARMS).
NORM/EMER Toggle Switch:
When the NORM/EMER (Normal/Emergency) toggle
switch is set to the NORM position, it causes the
RCAU to function in the normal operational mode. The
audio outputs are independently controlled using the
potentiometer pushbutton switches.
The NORM/EMER (Normal/Emergency) toggle switch
selection to the EMER position causes the RCAU to
function in the emergency mode.
Electrical power is removed from the related circuit card
in the
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ATA 23 - Communication
Standby Controller

Frequency Rotary Selector:

Failure of the VHF communications system or removal


of 28 Vdc to the system causes the related radio window
of the ARCDU to show in red FAIL message where the
preset frequency is otherwise shown.
A standby control panel is used to control the VHF1
frequency selections when the two ARCDUs malfunction.

The two frequency rotary selectors are turned to change


the frequency. The outer selector changes the whole
megahertz frequencies and the inner selector changes
the fractional megahertz frequencies. The frequency
rotary selectors are turned clockwise to increase the
frequency indication and counterclockwise to decrease
the frequency.

The standby controller has the following controls and


indications:
ON/OFF/TEST switch
Frequency rotary selector
Active / Standby toggle switch
Active frequency indication
Preset / Standby frequency indication.
Transmit annunciation

Active Frequency Indication:


The active frequency indication shows the active (ACT)
frequency selection. A TX transmit indication is shown
when the VHF transceiver is transmitting.
Standby/ Preset Frequency Indication:
The preset frequency indication shows the preset (PRE)
frequency selection.

ON/OFF/TEST Rotary Switch:

Active / Standby Toggle Switch:

The ON pushbutton switch is set to the ON position to


energize the standby control panel and control the VHF1
frequency selections. It is set to the TEST position to do a
VHF COM1 squelch test mode.
In TEST, the audio module automatic squelch circuit
is disabled to let the VHF communication receiver
noise to be heard. This makes sure that the receiver is
operational.

The active / standby toggle switch is pushed to toggle


the active and standby frequencies. If the indication
malfunctions, the switch can be pushed and held for
seven seconds or more to tune the VHF transceiver to
121.500 MHz.
The ARCDUs and the observers Audio Control Panel
(ACP) interface with the RCAU to control the following
parameters:
Push To Talk (PTT)
Microphone audio
Headphone audio
Speaker audio.

NOTE: When the ON/OFF/TEST switch is set to the


ON or TEST position, the two ARCDU VHF1
active frequency indications show a green
STDBY CTL message.
Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 5 ARCDU, VHF COM Controls & Indication


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ATA 23 - Communication
Interfaces
The aircraft left essential and right main buses supply 28
Vdc electrical power through 10 A circuit breakers to the
VHF transceivers (VHF1, VHF2). The circuit breakers are
located in position F1 on the left circuit breaker panel and
D6 on the avionics circuit breaker panel.
The aircraft left essential bus also supplies 28 Vdc
electrical power through a 1 A circuit breaker to the
standby control panel. The circuit breaker is located in
position D9 on the avionics circuit breaker panel.
The VHF communication system (VHF1, VHF2) has two
VHF transceivers with related antennas.
A single coaxial cable is routed to each VHF transceiver.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 6 VHF Transceiver - Test


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ATA 23 - Communication

PASSENGER ADDRESS &


COMMUNICATION INTERPHONE
SYSTEM (PACIS)
Overview
The Passenger Address and Communication Interphone
System (PACIS) does the following functions:
Passenger Address (PA) announcements to the
passengers
Interphone communications between the attendants
and pilots for private conversations
Attendant calls from switches in the Passenger
Service Units (PSUs) and lavatory.

The switches in the Passenger Service Units (PSUs) and


lavatory are used by the passengers to call the attendant
from individual seat positions and from the lavatory.
The Passenger Address and Communications Interphone
System (PACIS) has the following components:
Amplifier, Passenger Address
Handset, Forward Attendant
Panel, Control - Forward Attendant
Handset, Aft Attendant
The Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder (SSCVR)
records the PA announcements.

For PA announcements, the Passenger Address Amplifier


(PAA) interfaces with the cabin speaker system and is
controlled by the following components:
Audio and Radio Control Display Units (ARCDUs)
Forward attendant handset with its remote control
panel
Aft attendant handset.
For interphone conversations, the Remote Control Audio
Unit (RCAU) interface with pilot and copilot jack boxes is
controlled by the following components:
Audio and Radio Control Display Units (ARCDUs)
Forward attendant handset with its remote control
panel
Aft attendant handset.
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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication
Description

Emergency Mode:

The Passenger Address and Communication Interphone


System (PACIS) operates in the following modes:

The emergency mode lets the pilot and the two


attendants make PA announcements when the primary
electrical power source is not available.

Passenger Address (PA)


Chime
Communication interphone
Attendant call
Emergency
Self-test
Maintenance.
Passenger Address (PA) Mode:
The passenger address mode lets passenger address
announcements sound through the passenger
compartment speakers.
Chime:
The mode lets a chime sound through the passenger
compartment speakers.
Communication Interphone Mode:

Self-Test Mode:
The self-test mode tests the passenger compartment
speakers.
Maintenance Mode:
The PAA also uses the Central Diagnosis System
(CDS) to its condition. The Central Diagnosis System
(CDS) stores faults in a Non Volatile Memory (NVM) for
reporting to line and shop maintenance.
The maintenance mode lets aircraft maintenance
personnel to:
Do fault isolation and return to service testing after
completing maintenance actions
View failure reports from last or previous flight legs
View the avionics status report
View the part numbers of different LRUs.

The passenger communication interphone mode lets


pilots and attendants have a private conversation through
the audio integration system and attendant handsets.
Attendant Call Mode:
The attendant call mode lets the attendants have a
private conversation through their handsets.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Page 28
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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 7 PACIS Block Diagram


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Page 29

ATA 23 - Communication
Passenger Address Amplifier
The Passenger Address Amplifier (PAA) assembly is
contained in an aluminum 1/4 ATR short case. A single
hook is installed at the base of the front panel to secure
the PAA to its mounting tray. The front panel also has
gain and sensitivity potentiometers to adjust the system.
The PAA has ventilation holes in the upper and lower
surfaces to allow it to cool by convection. All electrical
connections are made through a connector that is
attached to the rear of the PM.
The Passenger Address Amplifier weighs 7.7 lb. It is 2.5
in. wide, 4.8 in. high and 15 in. long.
The wardrobe cover must be removed to access the PM.
The PAA is located on the shelf above the wardrobe in
the forward section of the aircraft at station X-3.00.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 8 Passenger Power Amplifier (PM)


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication
Forward Attendant Control Panel
The forward attendant handset control panel is used to
make PACIS mode selections from the forward attendant
station.
The forward attendant handset control panel weighs 1
pound. It is 1.3 in. wide, 3.9 in. high and 5.5 in. long.
The control panel is installed near the attendants seat
adjacent to the airstair door at location X2.20, Y-32.400,
Z145.63.
It is secured to the bulkhead with four mounting screws.

Forward Attendant Handset


The forward attendant handset assembly has a handset
and a cradle. The handset has a microphone, an
earphone and a press-to-talk switch. The microphone
bias and audio amplification circuits for the handset are
located in the cradle assembly. The cradle secures the
handset when it is not in use.

The handset cradle assembly is secured to the bulkhead


with four mounting screws.

Aft Attendant Handset


The aft attendant handset assembly has a handset and a
cradle. The handset has a microphone, an earphone and
a press-to-talk switch. The microphone bias and audio
amplification circuits for the handset are located in the
cradle assembly. The cradle secures the handset when
not in use and has a key pad that is used to make PACIS
mode selections. It secures the handset when not in use.
The aft attendant handset and cradle assembly weighs
2.3 lb. It is 4.9 in. wide, 3.5 in. high and 12.7 in. long.
It is secured to the bulkhead with four mounting screws.

The forward attendant handset and cradle assembly


weighs 1.2 lb. It is 2.6 in. wide, 2.5 in. high and 8.2 in.
long.
The forward attendant seat stations have an attendant
hand set and cradle installed that gives easy access from
a seated position.
The forward attendant handset and cradle assembly is
installed near the forward attendants seat head rest at
location X0.607, Y-13.47, Z149.27.
It has a control panel that is installed near the attendants
seat adjacent to the airstair door.
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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 9 FWD & AFT Flight Attendant Handset Cradle Position


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ATA 23 - Communication
Controls & Indications
The ARCDUs, forward attendant handset with its remote
control panel, and the aft attendant handset control the
PA announcements.
When the rotary microphone selector on the ARCDU is
set to the PA position and the PA key is pushed, the PAA
starts the PA mode.
To show the selection, a green annunciation comes on in
the following indications:
PA key on the two ARCDUs regardless of rotary
microphone selector setting on the other ARCDU
PA key on the forward attendant control panel
PA keys aft attendant handset cradle
Advisory light panels.

PA key on the two ARCDUs regardless of their rotary


microphone selector positions
Advisory light panels.
When a handset PA selection is made, speaking into the
handset microphone makes a PA announcement through
the PAA and cabin speaker network.
A PA announcement can be overridden by the following
different PA announcement from a more important
station:
Priority
1
2
3
4

Station
Flight compartment
Forward attendant
Aft attendant
Passenger Entertainment System

When a Push-To-Talk (PTT) selection is made by a pilot,


speaking into a boom, mask, or hand microphone makes
a PA announcement through the cabin speaker network.

The PA mode must continue to function when the engines


and auxiliary power unit have stopped and no external
power sources are connected.

The PA key is pushed again or the rotary microphone


selector is moved from the PA position to cancel the PA
mode. All the PA indications go out.

When the emergency lights come on, the pilot and the
two attendants can make PA announcements when the
primary electrical power source is not available.

When the attendant handset is removed from its cradle


and the PA key that is located on the handset or cradle is
pushed, the PM starts the attendant PA mode.

The battery bus supplies electrical power through the PA


EMER PWR circuit breaker to the following equipment:
PM
ARCDU1
Pilot circuit card in the RCAU
Forward and aft, attendant handsets.

To show the selection, a green annunciation comes on in


the following indications:
PA key on the forward attendant handset control panel
PA key on the aft attendant handset cradle
Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Page 34
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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 10 Fwd & Aft Atten Handset, PACIS Mode Sel


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication

ACTIVE NOISE & VIB CONT SYS (ANVS)


The Active Noise and Vibration Control (ANVC) System
reduces the level of the periodic noise in the passenger
cabin created by the aircraft propellers. The system works
by producing another (secondary) field in the cabin,
which is out of phase with the primary (original) field. The
primary and secondary fields combine to produce lower
noise and vibration levels.

Description
The Active Noise and Vibration Control Unit (ANVC)
System consists of an Active Noise Control Unit (ANCU),
Transducers, Accelerometers, Sensors and Actuators
which are placed around the aircraft cabin, and Power
Amplifiers to operate the actuators.
The Sensors are microphones, which are attached to
the trim or in seat backs, or accelerometers, which are
mounted on the aircraft structure.
The Actuators are Active Tuned-Vibration-Attenuators
(ATVA) which are mounted on fuselage frames, or other
structural units such as bulkheads.
The Power Amplifiers are mounted with, or near, the
actuators.

The ANVC system includes these units:


ANCU
Actuators - Active Tuned Vibration Attenuators (ATVA)
Power Amplifiers (PA)
Sensors - Microphones and Accelerometers
Vibration Transducers (for PBMS function).
The ANCU is installed below the floor panels between
stations X258.500 and X281.000 in the passenger
compartment. The ATVA and the PA are installed
between the aircraft structure and the interior trim panels.
The ANCU monitors inputs from these sources:
Weight on wheels
Sensors installed in the passenger compartment
Aircraft propeller frequency reference signals
Pressure
Vibration Transducers mounted on each engine
gearbox
The ANCU uses the information from the propeller
frequency reference signals and the cabin sensors to
output noise control signals, through the PAs to the
actuators. The result is a decrease in cabin noise.

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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication
The fundamental frequencies of the propeller related
cabin noise are measured by the Active Noise Control
Unit (ANCU). The frequency data is provided by the
Propeller Electronic Control Units. The ANCU processes
this information (together with the cabin noise levels
measured by the sensors) to produce output noise
control signals to the actuators via the power amplifiers.
A secondary function of the ANVC system is to record
propeller balance data.
Vibration data is collected from a Vibration
Transducer mounted on each propeller gearbox.
Vibration data is collected automatically during flight
or with the PBMS Terminal during an engine ground
run. The data is read from the ANCU with the PBMS
Terminal Software.
The PBMS Terminal software automatically calculates
and stores the vibration data required to establish the
level of propeller unbalance during normal revenue
flight operation.
The PBMS Terminal software then calculates
the propeller balance data used to define the
redistribution of weights in the propeller balance
plane necessary to achieve propeller balance within
specified limits during ground maintenance.

The PBMS operates as follows:


During flight, the Controller processes the outputs
of the two Vibration Transducers together with data
such as engine speed and altitude and automatically
records and stores the data required to establish the
level of unbalance.
The ANCU continuously monitors the PBMS Vibration
Transducer inputs. Defective Vibration Transducers
can be confirmed with the Maintenance Terminal
before any balance data is used for propeller balance.
Propeller balance data can be collected on the ground
during an engine ground run with the PBMS Terminal.
The unbalance data stored in the ANCU can be
retrieved via a serial interface to the PBMS Terminal.
Up to 70 hours of rolling flight data can be stored
at anyone time. The PBMS Terminal interprets the
data to display vibration levels and calculate balance
solutions. The balance solutions define a distribution
of masses necessary to achieve balance within
specified limits.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 11 ANVS Block Diagram


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

Page 39

ATA 23 - Communication
Unit(s)
Active Noise Control Unit (ANCU)
The Active Noise Control Unit (ANCU) is an ARINC 600
4MCU dimension unit attached to the aircraft structure
with four support legs. Electrical connections to the
ANCU are with 5 (Radial EPX) connectors installed on
the rear of the ANCU. PBMS electrical connections to
the ANCU are with a circular MIL-C-38999 connector
installed on the front of the ANCU. A D-type connector is
used to connect the Maintenance Terminal to the ANCU.
Circuit Breaker Box
The CB box is located next to the ANCU. It contains the
relays and CBs for system operation. All power for the
system is routed through this box before going to the
ANCU and Attenuators. The box has eighteen 5 amp
Circuit Breakers.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Page 40
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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 12 ANVC Locator


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication
Microphone

Accelerometer

The microphone is a small electric microphone and


amplifier contained in a sealed case. It is held in position
on the sidewall and ceiling panels with a mounting plate.

The Accelerometer is a small piezo electric sensor with


interface circuitry contained in a sealed metal case. It is
held in position on the seat rail with a bracket.

Electrical power to the microphones is supplied as a DC


bias from the Active Noise Control Unit (ANCU) 2-wire
sensor inputs. The microphone output signals to the
ANCU align with the de bias supply.

Electrical power to the Accelerometer is supplied as a DC


bias from the Active Noise Control Unit (ANCU) 2-wire
sensor inputs. The Accelerometer output signals to the
ANCU align with the DC bias supply.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 13 Mic & Accelerometer Detail


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication
Power Amplifier

Active Tuned Vibration Attenuator (ATVA)

The Power Amplifier (PA) is a high efficiency class 0


switching amplifier contained in a sealed aluminum
housing. The input to the PA is a balanced differential
analogue signal from the Active Noise Control Unit
(ANCU).
Electrical power is supplied to the PA from the aircraft 28
Vdc bus via the Active Noise and Vibration Control Unit
(ANVC) circuit breaker box and gives up to 20 watts rms
to its Active Tuned Vibration Attenuator (ATVA).

The Active Tuned Vibration Attenuator (ATVA) is an


electro-magnetic actuator. When the ATVA receives
signals from Power Amplifier (PA) it causes a vibration
in the aircraft structure that is opposite to the vibration
made by the aircraft propellers. Feedback signals from
the ATVA to the PA control the force levels.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 14 Power Amp & Active Tuned Vib Attenuator


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

Page 45

ATA 23 - Communication
Vibration Transducer

PBMS Terminal

The Vibration Transducer is a small piezo electric sensor


with interface circuitry contained in a sealed metal case.
It is attached with a bracket to the engine gearbox.

The PBMS Terminal consists of Ultra Electronics


proprietary software running on a PC. The basic functions
provided are:
Reading data from the Controller and storing the data
on the Terminals hard drive
Displaying the initial moment and vibration levels
Calculate the balance weight installation required to
minimize propeller vibration and show the consequent
moment and vibration levels
Print the initial and final moment and vibration data.

Electrical power to the Vibration Transducer is supplied


as a DC bias from the Active Noise Control Unit (ANCU)
J7 connector. The Vibration Transducer output signals to
the ANCU align with the DC bias supply.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Page 46
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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 15 Vib Transducer Locator


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication
Controls & Indications
The Active Noise and Vibration Control Unit (ANVC)
system operates as follows:
START UP
The Active Noise Control Unit (ANCU) performs a SelfTest whenever power is applied or after it is reset. If
the ANCU fails any of these tests, the System Status
indicator on the front panel changes from green to red.
The SYSTEM FAULT output is enabled.
On successful completion of a Self-Test, the ANCU is
initialized from configuration data, calibration data and
system status data stored in non-volatile memory.
Configuration Parameters:
The configuration data contains all the parameters
which define the system configuration for a given
aircraft installation. Each aircraft installation is
identified by the Aircraft ID code (hard wired on the
aircraft J1 connector) to the ANCU. The aircraft ID
code is stored with the configuration parameters and,
on initialization, the ANCU checks the validity of the
configuration data against the Aircraft ID from the
J1 connector. If the aircraft ID code is not valid, the
System Status indicator on the front panel changes
from green to red. The SYSTEM FAULT output is
enabled and the ANCU goes into Maintenance Mode.
Calibration Data:
If the configuration data is correct, the calibration
data is expanded from the compressed form stored
in the non-volatile memory. Its format is then checked
Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

against the necessary format of the configuration


parameters. If the format is not correct, the System
Status indicator on the front panel changes from
green to red. The SYSTEM FAULT output is enabled
and the ANCU goes into Maintenance Mode.
System Status Data
After the calibration data has been successfully
checked the system status data is read. The system
status provides information on the status of the ANCU
and the Sensors and Actuators connected to the
ANCU. Any failed Sensors and Actuators are switched
off and will not be used. The number of failed Sensors
and Actuators is compared with two limits set in the
configuration data:
If the number of failures is more than the Degraded
Limit, the System Status indicator on the front panel
changes from green to orange. The DEGRADED
output is enabled; the system will operate with slightly
degraded performance. No maintenance action is
required.
If the number of failures is more than the Failed
Limit, the System Status indicator on the front
panel changes from green to red. The SYSTEM
FAULT output is enabled and the ANCU goes into
Maintenance Mode. The ANCU will not operate again
until maintenance has been preformed and the errors
corrected. At Start-up the ANCU will complete a Startup Built-In-Self Test to try to clear any reported errors.

Page 48
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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 16 Flight Attendants Panel


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

Page 49

ATA 23 - Communication

AUDIO INTEGRATION SYSTEM (AIS)


The Audio Integration System (AIS) controls these audio
functions:
Monitor radio communications receivers and make
transmissions
Monitor the radio navigation receivers
Interphone communications between pilot, copilot,
observer, and ground crew members.

Description
The Audio Integration System (AIS) has these units:
Remote Control Audio Unit (RCAU)
Observers Audio Control Panel (ACP)
Pilot and copilot flight compartment speakers
Pilot and copilot hand microphones
Pilot and copilot jack boxes
Observers jack box
Ground crew jack boxes
Copilots side console INPH, XMIT toggle switch
Pilot and copilot handwheel PTT. INPH toggle
switches
Nose wheel steering PTT pushbutton switch.
The Audio Integration System (AIS) uses the Audio and
Radio Control

Communication transceivers
Navigation receivers
Pilot, copilot, observers, and ground crew jack boxes
Passenger Address Amplifier (PAA)
Flight compartment speakers.
The audio from the communication transceivers and
navigation receivers are supplied to the RCAU. The
ARCDUs and observers audio control panel control the
Remote Control Audio Unit (RCAU) to select the audio
and change its level to the flight compartment speakers
and pilot, copilot, and observer jack boxes.
To make a communication transceiver transmit, a Push
To Talk (PTT) selection and microphone audio is supplied
through the RCAU to the communication transceivers.
The service or communications interphone transmission
starts with an interphone PTT selection. The MIC jack
audio from the pilot, copilot, observer, or ground crew
jack box is then supplied to the RCAU.
To listen to other interphone transmissions, the ARCDUs
and observers audio control panel control the RCAU to
select the interphone audio and change its level to the
flight compartment speakers and the PHONE jacks in the
jack boxes.
The RCAU supplies audio data to the Solid State Cockpit
Voice Recorder (SSCVR).

Display Unit (ARCDU) and observers Audio Control


Panel (ACP) to control the AIS. The Remote Control
Audio Unit (RCAU) interfaces with these systems:
Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 17 AIS Block Diagram


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

Page 51

ATA 23 - Communication
Remote Control Audio Unit (RCAU)
The Remote Control Audio Unit (RCAU) is installed on
a mounting tray on the wardrobe shelf at approximately
station point X.-11.00. The unit is held in its mounting tray
by two hold-down nuts.
It weighs 91b (4.08 kg). It is 4.9 in. (124.5 mm) wide, 7.6
in. (193 mm) high and 12.5 in. (317.5 mm) long.
The RCAU is used to control the Audio Integration
System (AIS) from ARCDU or observers ACP selections.
The RCAU contains these assemblies:
Filter
Mother board
Input processing card
Pilot audio card
Copilot audio card
Copilot audio card
Pilot speaker amplifier card
Copilot speaker amplifier card.
Filter: A filter section gives protection against High
Intensity Radio Frequency (HIRF) lightning, and other
electromagnetic effects.
Mother Board: The mother board gives electrical
connections between other boards and the rear panel
connector. It has circuitry to protect the other cards from
transient voltages.
Input Processing Card: The input processing card
amplifies the input signals and it isolates the inputs and
outputs. It has a resistive 600 input impedance.
Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

It also supplies electrical power to the boom/mask relays


and bias voltages to the attendant handset and ground
crew microphones.
The input processing card receives sixteen inputs. The
output from the card is limited to 1.7 VRMS and is routed
to the pilot, copilot and observer audio cards.
Audio Cards: The pilot, copilot, and observers audio card
have input signals that pass through a low-pass filter
and are digitized by a Central Processing Unit (CPU).
The CPU receives selection and volume level inputs
from the ARCDU and the ACP. It uses digital processing
to give applicable analog outputs to headsets and flight
compartment speakers.
The ARCDU and ACP potentiometers have a voltage at
their wipers that changes with the potentiometer position.
The analogue voltages are changed into digital words by
the multiplexer in the analogue to digital converter (ADC).
Speaker Amplifier Cards: The pilot and copilot speaker
amplifier cards are used to amplify low-level interphone,
radio and aural alerts signals for the flight compartment
speakers.

Page 52
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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 18 RCAU Loc


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

Page 53

ATA 23 - Communication
Observers Audio Control Panel
The ACP is installed in the flight compartment entry way
to the right hand sidewall. The unit is held by four dzus
fasteners.
It weighs 3 Ib (1.36 kg). It is 5 in. (127 mm) wide, 3 in.
(76.2 mm) high and 6.7 in. (170.2 mm) long.
The observers ACP changes the front panel audio and
PTT selections into ARINC 429 data for transmission to
the RCAU.
The ACP has two circuit card assemblies attached
together and to the chassis. The top card assembly
has the mechanical section of the transmitter selector
keyboard and the INT/RAD switch. This circuit card
assembly and the potentiometers are electrically
connected to the lower circuit card. The lower card
assembly holds the rear connector.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 19 Observers ACP Loc


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

Page 55

ATA 23 - Communication
Flight Compartment Speaker
The flight compartment speakers change electrical
signals to audio signals.
Each flight compartment speaker can output 4 W audio
power. The speaker impedance is 4

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Page 56
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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 20 Flight Compartment Speakers Loc


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication
Hand Microphone
The hand microphone is connected to the base of the
control column with a cable that has a four pin connector.
The microphone case is made of black plastic. It has a
mounting bracket and PTT switch.
The hand microphone is a device that changes
sound waves into variations of electric currents for
transmission. It has a condenser to remove much of the
electromagnetic and radio frequency interference and
magnetic signals

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Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Page 58
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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 21 Hand Microphones Locator


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

Page 59

ATA 23 - Communication
Flight Compartment Jack Boxes
The flight compartment jack boxes are each attached by
screws to the bulkhead behind the pilot and copilot.
The jacks are connected to headset and microphone
plugs. A notch in the plugs aligns with a V bend in
the jack tips to hold them firmly together. The jacks
have solder lug terminals for wiring connections and
are attached to the front surface of the jack panel with
mounting nuts and lock washers.
The flight compartment jack boxes are used to connect
the pilots headsets and oxygen mask microphone to the
RCAU.
Each flight compartment jack box contains these jacks:
Boom microphone
Mask microphone
Phone, normal
Phone, auxiliary

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 22 Flight Comp Jack Boxes Loc


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Page 61

ATA 23 - Communication
Observers Jack Box
The observers jack boxes are each attached by screws
to the bulkhead behind the pilot and copilot.
The jacks are connected to headset and microphone
plugs. A notch in the plugs aligns with a V bend in
the jack tips to hold them firmly together. The jacks
have solder lug terminals for wiring connections and
are attached to the front surface of the jack panel with
mounting nuts and lock washers.
The observers jack box also has a BOOM/MASK and
VOR/MLS toggle switches. The switches have solder lug
terminals for wiring connections and are attached to the
front surface of the jack panel with mounting nuts and
lock washers.
The observers jack box is used to connect the observers
headset or oxygen mask microphone to the RCAU.
Each flight compartment jack box contains these jacks:
Phone
Boom

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 23 Observers Jack Boxes Loc


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

Page 63

ATA 23 - Communication
Ground Crew Jack Boxes
A ground service interphone door gives access to the
ground crew jack. It is located externally on the left side
of the aircraft nose near the DC electrical ground power
door and nose gear ground lock handle.
A notch in the plugs aligns with a V bend in the jack tips
to hold them firmly together. The jacks have solder lug
terminals for wiring connections and are attached to the
aircraft structure with mounting nuts and lock washers.
The ground crew jack box is used to connect the ground
crew members headset and microphone to the RCAU for
ground service interphone communications.
The ground crew jack box has a single phone and
microphone jack with a switch. When the plug is
connected to the jack, a switch in the jack causes the
Advisory Control Unit (ACU) to make a ground crew
advisory light in the flight compartment on.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 24 Fwd Ground Crew Jack Boxes


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication
The fuel panel door gives access to a fueling panel
ground crew jack. It is located externally on the fueling
panel at the aft part of the right engine nacelle.
The aft equipment compartment has ground crew jack. It
is located at the forward part of the aircraft structure that
supports the SSCVR, SSFDR, and standby contactor
box.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Page 66
FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 25 Fuel Panel & Aft Ground Crew Jack Boxes


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication
Copilots Side Console PTT Switch
The push-to-talk switch is attached to the copilot panel
assembly with a mounting nut and lock washer. The
copilot panel assembly is attached to the copilots side
console with four dzus fasteners.
The push-to-talk switch has an interphone and transmit
position. It is set to INPH to make an interphone system
PTT selection and to the XMIT position to make a
transceiver PTT selection. It has a toggle lever that
springs back to the centre off position when released.
The toggle lever is connected to a mechanism located in
the body of the switch. The internal mechanism moves in
the opposite direction as the toggle lever.
The PTT switch has solder lug terminals for wiring
connections.
The PTT switch is used to supply a push to-talk-signal
to the RCAU for interphone, VHF, HF, and UHF-FM
communications.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Page 68
FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 26 Copilots Side Console PTT Switch


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication
Hand Wheel Transmit/lnterphone Switch
A cover on the hand wheel assembly is removed to give
access to the ground control wheel transmit/lnterphone
switch.
The push-to-talk switches are attached to the forward part
pilot and copilot hand wheel assemblies with mounting
nuts and lock washers.
The PTT switch has solder lug terminals for wiring
connections.
The push-to-talk switch has an interphone and transmit
position. It is set to INPH to make an interphone
system PTT selection and to the PTT position to make
a transceiver PTT selection. It has a toggle lever that
springs back to the center off position when released.
The toggle lever is connected to a mechanism located in
the body of the switch. The internal mechanism moves in
the opposite direction as the toggle lever.
The hand wheel transmit/lnterphone switch is used to
supply a push to-talk-signal to the RCAU for interphone,
VHF, HF, and UHF-FM communications.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Page 70
FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 27 Hand Wheel Switches Loc


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

Page 71

ATA 23 - Communication
Nose Wheel Steering PTT Switch
A cover on the hand wheel assembly is removed to give
access to the ground control wheel transmit/lnterphone
switch.
The nose wheel steering PTT switch is attached to the
inboard part of the nose wheel steering hand control with
mounting nuts and lock washers.
The nose wheel steering PTT switch has solder lug
terminals for wiring connections.
The nose wheel steering PTT switch is used to supply a
push to-talk signal to the RCAU for interphone, VHF, HF,
and UHF-FM communications.
The nose wheel steering PTT switch is pushed make
PTT selection. It is a snap-action pushbutton switch that
has a plunger that springs back to the off position when
released.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Page 72
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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 28 NWS PTT Switch Locator


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

Page 73

ATA 23 - Communication

COCKPIT VOICE RECORDING SYS


Overview
The Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder (SSCVR) system
records the last two hours of flight compartment audio
and clock data.
It records audio in a digital format in crash-survivable
Non-Volatile Memory (NVM).
The Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder (SSCVR) system
records the following channels of audio inputs:
Pilot
Copilot
Observer and Passenger Address (PA)
Flight compartment area microphone.
A wideband flight compartment area microphone is
located above the glareshield to record ambient flight
compartment audio.

The Operation Mode is subdivided into the following


modes:
Functional Test Mode
Audio Monitoring
Bulk Erase Mode
Failure Indication.
The CVR system has the following components:
Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder
Microphone Monitor Unit (MMU)
Impact Switch.
The SSCVR receives audio data from the Audio and
Radio Management System (ARMS).
A clock supplies Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) time
reference data to the SSCVR.

The Microphone Monitor Unit (MMU) also gives the


following functions:
Power-On Self Test
Operation
Maintenance
Data Download

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Page 74
FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 29 CVR Block Diagram


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication
Microphone Monitor Unit
The Microphone Monitor Unit (MMU) contains a
compliant preamplifier circuit. It interfaces and provides
control and monitor functions of the Cockpit Voice
Recorder (SSCVR) system. The Microphone Monitor Unit
(MMU) is one Line Replaceable Units (LRU).
It has a pre-amplifier card and the chassis components.
The components that follow are attached to the
preamplifier card:
Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder (SSCVR) system
status light
Erase switch
Test switch
Headphone jack
The preamplifier card contains the circuitry of the cockpit
area microphone monitor amplifier and performs the
following functions:
Amplification of the microphone audio input signal
Filtering of the microphone audio input signal to a 150
to 10,000 Hertz bandwidth.
Automatic Gain Control (AGC) of the audio output to
the Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder (SSCVR)
Selectable attenuation of output audio in 6 dB
increments from 6 to 42 dB
Status Light Emitting Diode (LED) circuit and switch
circuits.

The TEST switch on the Microphone Monitor Unit (MMU)


is momentarily pushed to test the SSCVR. The STATUS
LED comes on and a 800 Hz tone sounds for 2 seconds
to show satisfactory operation.
The ERASE switch on the Microphone Monitor Unit
(MMU) is pushed for 0.5 seconds or longer to erase all
audio data when the parking brake is set and the aircraft
is on the ground. the erase continues for 5 seconds of
the selection. The erase function is verified by a 400 tone
in the headphone jack.
The Microphone Monitor Unit (MMU) weighs 0.9 lb. It is
packaged in a standard ARINC control panel form factor.
The Microphone Monitor Unit (MMU) is attached to the
forward center console at station X-85.3, Y0 and Z+125.3
using four DZUS fasteners.
The Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder (SSCVR)
Microphone Monitor Unit (MMU) is cooled by convection
and radiation to ambient air conditions. No forced air
cooling is required for this LRU.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 30 Microphone Monitor Unit Locator


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication
Underwater Locator Beacon
The Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder (SSCVR) has
an underwater locating device secured to the container.
It is securely attached to prevent separation during crash
impact. The Underwater Locator Beacon (ULB) is self
contained and powered.
The Underwater Locator Beacon (ULB) is automatically
activated when it is immersed in either fresh water or sea
water at all depths from 0.5 to 20,000 ft (.152 to 6096 m).
When activated, the Underwater Locator Beacon (ULB)
radiates an acoustic signal for 30 days or more.
The Underwater Locator Beacon (ULB) batteries require
periodic replacement to ensure that they perform for
30 days in actual use. The Underwater Locator Beacon
(ULB) battery has a typical service life of 6 years from
date of manufacture. Fabrication date of the battery
is stamped on the Underwater Locator Beacon (ULB)
casing. The Underwater Locator Beacon (ULB) must be
sent to the manufacturer for battery replacement.
The Underwater Locator Beacon (ULB) is accessible from
the front face for easy removal and replacement.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 31 Underwater Locator Beacon Loc


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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ATA 23 - Communication
Impact Switch
The impact switch is attached on a 45-degree bracket.
The bracket is attached to the structure under the floor
in the center of the aircraft at station X+195.8, YO and
Z+88.9.
The Impact Switch weighs 0.3 Ib (1.36 kg). It is packaged
in an environmentally- sealed housing and is installed
to the aircraft using four screws. The downward facing
side of the Impact Switch contains a push-to-reset switch
to facilitate manual reset when the switch is in the open
circuit latched state.

The Impact Switch is a double pole normally closed


inertia switch. It preset to operate at 5.5 G (gravity). It is
manually reset with a push-to-reset switch selection.
The Impact Switch is attached to the aircraft inclined at
45 degrees. The reset switch points towards the ground
and the front of the aircraft, for upward and downward
acceleration sensing.
When the aircraft exceeds the preset acceleration level,
the Impact Switch will latch to its open circuit state and
automatically stop the Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder
(SSCVR) from operating

The normally closed Impact Switch has an inertia/


impact activated double pole latching switch. One pole
of the switch is connected in series with the 28 Vdc
aircraft supply to the Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder
(SSCVR). The other pole is connected in series with
the 28 Vdc aircraft supply to the Solid State Flight Data
Recorder (SSFDR). The Impact Switch is latched to an
open circuit condition when an impact is sensed.

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

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ATA 23 - Communication

Jazz Aviation LP
Rev. 1.0 - May/2011

Figure 32 SSCVR Impact Switch Locator


FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

Page 81