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SELF INFLATING TYRE

SYSTEM
tire system for future

Introduction

Tires lose air through normal driving (especially after hitting pot
holes) and seasonal changes in temperatures resulting in underinflation

Under-inflation is bad for tyres because it results in wear of tyre


threads ,affects the handling of cars and is generally unsafe.

The Self inflating tires is designed to inflate or deflate tires


automatically.
Tires need more air while driving on hard surfaces at high speeds
and less air for driving on soft surfaces such as soil or sand.

Different Tire Conditions And Effect On


Different Tire Pressure

PRINCIPLE OF SIT
Detect

whether the air pressure in a particular tyre has


dropped using suitable pressure sensors and give the input
to electronic control unit (ECU)
ECU controls the pneumatic system consisting up of
control valves , air source and hose-pipes
To compensate the pressure loss by inflating that tire
back to the proper level thereby maintaining correct air
pressure
This entire process can be automated

PARTS OF SELF-INFLATING SYSTEM


Regulator Valve : used to control the rate of air flow to

the tires
PRESSURE SENORS :They are used to sense the

pressure based on the deformation caused to the tires


ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT: It is the

microprocessor device that controls the entire system


AIR TANK: It supplies the required amount of air at

suitable pressure with the help of pressure valve


HOSE

PIPES :They help in the transfer of air from the


air tank to the particular tyres
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Types Of Self Inflating Tires


System
MTIS(

Meritor Tire Inflation System)

CTIS

(Central Tire Inflation System)

TMS

(Tyre Maintenance System)

Wheel-End Assembly

Meritor Tire Inflation System


1. When a tire loses pressure, due to a
puncture or other seepage, a series of
check valves automatically detects it.
2. The System then immediately draws
air from the vehicles pneumatic system
and directs it to each tire requiring air.
3. The air pressure is delivered via the
trailers hollow axle housing.
4. The air then goes through the hub
assembly and into the tires. It is
completely isolated from the brake
system
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CTIS

A wheel valve is present which isolate the


tire from the system when it's not in use.

An electronic control unit (ECU), the


brain of the system is mounted behind
the passenger seat.

An operator control panel let customize


tire pressure model.

CTIS includes a speed sensor provide


information about current speed & in
turn CTIS maintain the optimum tire
pressure.

TIRE MAINTENANCE SYSTEM


(TMS)
Similar

to CTIS
It notifies the driver via
warning light(visible in
rear mirror).
After every 10 min. or
time period specified
system check the tire
pressure.
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PROs & CONs Of SIT

10

ADVANTAGES:
SAFETY
FUEL ECONOMY
TIRE LONGEVITY
DRIVING COMFORTNESS
LESS MAINTENANCE

DISADVANTAGES:
More

costly than the conventional tires..

Heavier
The

than conventional tires.

user must have the basic know how of the relation between the
pressure and road condition.

APPLICATIONS
Military Vehicles
Passenger Vehicles
Trucks
Ambulances
Fire Trucks

Conclusion

Increases safety, comfort and fuel economy


Flexibility for drivers
Future tires
Better option to reduce road accidents

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References

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1) Self Inflating Tyres: International Journal on Applications


in Mechanical and Production Engineering Volume 1: Issue
5: May 2015, pp 5-6.
2) Automatic tyre inflation system , Golden Research
Thoughts|Volume 3 | Issue 10|April 2014