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I.E.M.S.

Code

HEAT
TREATMENT
PROCEDURE

UAN (for QMHA)

Page

11-3090

1 of 7

POST WELD HEAT


TREATMENT PROCEDURE
Owner
: ENPC
Main contractor : Uhde
Project name
: AMMONIA UREA PROJECT

00
Rev

Status

CC Category Code:
1 = for approval
2 = for review
3 = for information
4 = for internal use
AC Acceptance Code:
1 = approved / reviewed
2 = approved / reviewed as
noted
3 = not accepted
4 = received

First Issue

11/6/2010

Emad Omar

11/6/2010

Hassan Basha

Description

Date

Prepared

Date

Checked

Date

Approved

Acc.

Status Code:
A = Issued for Design
D = Issued for Inquiry
E = Issued for Order
F = Issued for Prefabrication
G = Issued for Construction /
Fabrication
H = Issue for Work
Preparation
I = As- built
M = General Issue

Copyright 2007 Uhde GmbH

Doc. ID-Code
PT-BM-183-DC-00007

Category
1

Code

HEAT TREATMENT
PROCEDURE

I.E.M.S.A

CONTENTS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

ENPC
UAN (for QMHA)

Page

11-3090

2 of 7

PAGE

Purpose
Scope
Reference
Method & Equipment
Heat treatment
Preheating
Annealing
Application
DOCUMENTATION

3
3
3
3
4
4
4
5
5

1- Purpose:
The purpose of this procedure is to define the practices and controls to adopt the Post weld Heat Treatment
activities.
Copyright 2007 Uhde GmbH

Doc. ID-Code
PT-BM-183-DC-00007

Rev.

00

Code

I.E.M.S.A

HEAT TREATMENT
PROCEDURE

ENPC
UAN (for QMHA)

Page

11-3090

3 of 7

2- Scope:
This procedure provides requirements for local post weld heat treatment (PWHT) of welded joints in
piping. PWHT shall be performed when required by the Welding Procedure Specification
(depending on the material type, thickness, and service conditions)

3- References:
1- UD-BM-G00-EC-00016. ESD-Y4 Pipe Welding on site
2- Welding and weld examination of metallic piping (UN 9253-06 part)

3-

UD-BM-GOO-EC-00011. ESDY5 Scope of PWHT and NOT 4.0

4- Method & Equipment

Local PWHT is carried out using electrical resistances with automatic or


manually operated calibrated machines rated 45 or higher kVA, 3 phase 380V
at 50 Hz with 3 to 6 channels.

The heating elements shall be flexible ceramic (sintered alumina) pad heaters
capable to with stand 1000C with multi-stranded Ni-Cr electrically insulated
element wire rated at 30 to 80V. The cold wire shall be Ni or Ni-Cu wire.

Calibrated recorders shall have a range of 0 to 1000C minimum, inlets for 6


minimum type K thermocouples (TC), capable to accommodate charts at least
150 mm wide and with variable chart speed regulator.

Insulation shall be provided by ceramic fiber mats (stainless steel or Nickel alloy
wire mesh cover) 25 mm thick approximately and with minimum density of 64
Kg/m. When mineral wool is used, thickness shall be approximately doubled.

Measuring thermocouple TC type "K", NI-CHR/NI-AL

5- Heat treatment

Heating of the material before and after welding shall be performed by means of
adjustable electric heating elements. The heating elements shall be arranged on both

Copyright 2007 Uhde GmbH

Doc. ID-Code
PT-BM-183-DC-00007

Rev.

00

Code

I.E.M.S.A

HEAT TREATMENT
PROCEDURE

ENPC
UAN (for QMHA)

Page

11-3090

4 of 7

sides of the weld according to Figure 1. In order to allow for the required grinding work,
the spacing "A" should be approximately 100 mm.
The heat loss which depends on the wall thickness and the spacing of the heating
elements may be controlled by applying or removing insulation material in the area of the
weld.
The outer surfaces of the heating elements shall be provided with heat insulation to avoid
heat losses, and to protect the welder from excessive heat radiation during annealing,
The area between the heating elements shall be covered with ceramic fiber fabric.
The power supply of the heating elements must not be covered with the insulation to
avoid damage of the power cables.
Insulation
Insulation

Heat elements

Power cable

M3
M1

Thermocouple wire

50mm

Joint gap

M2

50mm

Heat affected zone

Figure 1: Arrangement of heating elements

6-

Preheating

If required in the applicable W.P.S., preheating must be carried out by


adjustable electric heating elements, electrical resistances or soft flame
torches or gas burners (according to joint dimensions and type of base
metals).
Preheating of the material up to the welding temperature shall be controlled at four
measuring points by suitable measuring instruments. Thermal stick, Contact
thermometers, infrared measuring instruments, or thermocouples are permitted for this
purpose. Measured temperatures shall be recorded.
If thermocouples have to be used, the thermocouple wires shall be tack welded at both
sides (MI, M2) of the joint by means of a spot-welding device, in each case in the 6
o'clock and 12 o'clock position. Prior to tack welding, the measuring points shall be locally
preheated according to table 1, The measuring points MI and M2 shall be arranged
according to Figure 1

7- Annealing

The time / temperature cycle to be used, heating / cooling rates and the number of
thermocouple included shall be according to the applicable WPS & PQR. (See table no.
1) PWHT shall be applied in one cycle.
The annealing temperature shall be controlled by number of measuring point (see table
no. 1) by tack welded thermocouples. Therefore, at the end of the Martensitic
transformation time, or after reaching the ambient temperature thermocouple wires shall
be tack welded at both sides of the weld (MI, MP) and on top of the weld (M3) by means
of a spot-welding device, in each case, (see table no. 1) for the position of thermocouple .
Prior to tack welding, the measuring points shall be locally preheated (see table no. 1)

Copyright 2007 Uhde GmbH

Doc. ID-Code
PT-BM-183-DC-00007

Rev.

00

Code

HEAT TREATMENT
PROCEDURE

I.E.M.S.A

Materia
l

Dim
(DN)
< 50
>50<3
00
>300
< 50

X20 Cr
Mo V
12-1

>50<3
00
>300

13 Cr
Mo 4-5

UAN (for QMHA)

Page

11-3090

5 of 7

The measured temperatures shall be recorded with a 6-point or 9-point color chart
recorder
Heating up to the annealing temperature shall be performed (see table no. 1) for the
heating up, cooling down rate, annealing temperature and holding time. which depends
on the wall thickness
Cooling down to the ambient temperature after the performed range (see table no. 1)
may be uncontrolled.
The ceramic fiber fabric shall only be removed after the ambient temperature has been
reached or grinding works are carried out.
All welds shall be ground flush (notch and undercut free) between 300 oC to 150 oC after
annealing.

X10 Cr
Mo VNb
9-1

ENPC

Preheatin
g temp.
180OC200OC
180OC200OC
180OC200OC
230 C250OC
230OC250OC
O

230OC250OC

Heatin
g rate
100O/h
100O/h
100O/h
200O/h
200 /h
O

200O/h

<100

150-200
O
/h

>100<
200

150-200
O
/h

>200<
900

< 30 mm thk.
= 150OC
> 30 mm thk.
= 200OC

>900

150-200
O
/h
150-200
O
/h

Annealing
Hold
Temp.
time
750OC+10O
C
750OC+10O
C
750OC+10O
C
750 C+10
C
750OC+10O
C
O

750OC+10O
C

< 30 mm
thk. = 630700OC
> 30 mm
thk. = 704746OC

Cooling down
Controllin
Rate
g rate to

No. Of thermocouple
Prehe
Locatio
PWHT
at
n
At 12
o'clock
At 6-12
o'clock
At 4-812
o'clock
At 12
o'clock
At 6-12
o'clock
At 4-812
o'clock

120 min

50OC/h

300 OC

2 TC

1TC

120 min

50OC/h

300 OC

4 TC

2TC

120 min

50OC/h

300 OC

6 TC

3TC

300 OC

2 TC

1TC

300 C

4 TC

2TC

300 OC

6 TC

3TC

300 OC

NA

1TC

At 12
o'clock

300 OC

NA

2TC

At 6-12
o'clock

300 OC

NA

3TC

300 OC

NA

4TC

120 min
120 min
120 min

< 30 mm
thk. 2
min/mm
(15min Min.)
> 30 mm
thk.
2.4min/mm
(60min Min.)

200 C/
h
200OC/
h
O

200OC/
h
150200
O
C/h
150200
O
C/h
150200
O
C/h
150200
O
C/h

At 4-812
o'clock
At 6-912-3
o'clock

8- Application:.
Post weld heat treatment shall be performed for weld joints .Acc. to Uhde specs ESD-Y4,ESDY5

9 - DOCUMENTATION:
1- Heat treatment chart records about the full heating cycle for each measuring point
(Preheating, welding, soaking, cooling down, transformation phase, annealing and cooling
down).
Each heat treatment chart shall contain but is not limited to:
- Start-end time and dates
- Thermocouple allocations for each joint
- Isometric and joint number
2- PWHT report (See the attachment reports)

DATE

Copyright 2007 Uhde GmbH

Doc. ID-Code
PT-BM-183-DC-00007

Rev.

00

Code

HEAT TREATMENT
PROCEDURE

I.E.M.S.A

ITEM

UAN (for QMHA)

Page

11-3090

6 of 7

CHART NO.
SHEET
HEAT TREATMENT
SPECIFICATION

REFERENCE CODE AND / OR SPECIFICATION

Pipe (X20 Cr Mo V 12-1)

SPECIFICATION

ENPC

UD-BM-G00-EC-00016. ESD-Y4

LOADING
TEMP. (Min.)

HEATING
Rate (Max.)

HOLDING
TEMP.

HOLDING
TIME (Min.)

Cooling
Rate (Max.)

Unloading
Temp. (Max.)

300OC

200OC

750+10OC

120 Minute minimum

200OC

300OC

ACTUAL

NPS >2 < 12"

NPS < 2"

CALIBRATION
EXPIRY DATE

NPS >2 < 12"

LOCATION

RECORDER

NPS < 2"

INSTRUMENT
No.

ACTUAL
TEMPRETURE

THERMO COUPLE

SPECIFICATION

NPS >12"

NPS >12"

= Point

M3

M1

M2

M1 = measurement point
M1, M2, M3

Violet

Remarks
Brown

Size

Green

Material

Blue

Drawing no.

Thk
(mm)

Black

Weld
no.

Red

Thermocouple
Ser
no.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Note:

Operator

IEMSA

Petrojet

Uhde

ENPC

NAME
SIGN
DATE

ITEM

Copyright 2007 Uhde GmbH

REFERENCE CODE AND / OR SPECIFICATION

Doc. ID-Code
PT-BM-183-DC-00007

DATE
CHART NO.
SHEET
HEAT TREATMENT

Rev.

00

Code

HEAT TREATMENT
PROCEDURE

I.E.M.S.A

ENPC
UAN (for QMHA)

Page

11-3090

7 of 7

SPECIFICATION
Pipe (13 Cr Mo 4-5)

SPECIFICATION

UD-BM-G00-EC-00016. ESD-Y4

LOADING
TEMP. (Min.)

HEATING
Rate (Max.)

HOLDING
TEMP.

HOLDING
TIME (Min.)

Cooling
Rate (Max.)

Unloading
Temp. (Max.)

300OC

150-200 O/h

630-700OC

2 Minute/mm

150-200 O/h

300OC

INSTRUMENT
No.

CALIBRATION
EXPIRY DATE

ACTUAL

NPS < 4"

NPS >4 < 8"

NPS >8"<36"

NPS >36"

NPS < 4"

TEMPRETURE

ACTUAL

NPS >4 < 8"

LOCATION

RECORDER

THERMO COUPLE

SPECIFICATION

= Point

NPS >8"<36"

NPS >36"
M3

M1

M2

M1 = measurement point
M1, M2, M3, M4

Violet

Remarks
Brown

Size

Green

Material

Blue

Drawing no.

Thk
(mm)

Black

Weld
no.

Red

Thermocouple
Ser
no.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Note:

Operator

IEMSA

Petrojet

Uhde

ENPC

NAME
SIGN
DATE

Copyright 2007 Uhde GmbH

Doc. ID-Code
PT-BM-183-DC-00007

Rev.

00