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# Mid-Unit FORMATIVE Assessment Objective:

## Exemplary Assessment Response Features:

Students will be able to explain how to push a 1. Must show and label original scenarios forces,
box through the doorway when there is
motions, and balanced force with no motion.
another box in the way.
2. The two options that the student shows and
explains must be possible using concepts of force
and motion that we have experienced and discussed
in class.
3-PS2-1: Plan and conduct an investigation to 3. The two options must show the direction of force
provide evidence of the effects of balanced
and cause of each force.
and unbalanced forces on the motion of an
4. The two options must show the direction of motion
object.
and the cause of each motion.

Students will be given three copies of a picture of a
person pushing a box towards a doorway. There is
another box in the direct pathway. I will explain that
the student pushes the box straight towards the
doorway, but when the student pushes it into the
other box, the students box stops moving. I will
show with my finger how the box is moving, and
then stops when it hits the other box. I will say,
Show with an arrow the motion of the box. Now
label the force that caused the motion. Label what
force or forces causes the box to stop. Label all the
forces either balanced or unbalanced, depending
on what you think they are.
On the second copy of the picture, I will say, Turn
your paper over and describe how you could solve
this problem. The student may not lift the box; the
student can only push. Then I will say, Turn the
paper back to the front again, and draw the motion
that you just described to get the box all the way to
the door. Now label the forces that cause the
motion. Remember, every time the motion
changes, there is a new force. Label all the forces
either balanced or unbalanced, depending on what
you think they are.
Repeat for the third copy, instructing the students
to think of a second way to get the box through the
door.

Completed Example:

## Students will be able to explain the concept

of gravity in writing and in a drawing,
showing the effects of balanced and
unbalanced forces, by drawing how a ball in
the center of a table might end up on the
floor.

## 3-PS2-1: Plan and conduct an investigation to

provide evidence of the effects of balanced
and unbalanced forces on the motion of an
object.

## Exemplary Assessment Response Features:

1. Must show and explain the initial balanced forces
of gravity and the table pushing up on the ball.
2. Must show and explain an unbalanced force that
causes motion.
3. Must show and explain gravity as an unbalanced
force that causes motion.
4. Must show and explain the final balanced forces of
gravity and the floor pushing up on the ball.

Completed Example:

## If you had to explain balanced forces, unbalanced

was a ball sitting on the middle of a table, what
could you do and say? Show what you would do
with the ball and what would happen to the ball.
Label the forces, whether the forces are balanced
or unbalanced, and the motion of the ball. Explain
why the ball moved how it did, including when it
wasnt moving at all at the beginning and at the
end!

## I would explain that gravity pulls objects toward

Earth. Gravity is pulling the ball toward Earth right
now, but the table is pushing it up, so the forces are
balanced and the ball is not moving up or down.
Then I would push the ball so it starts rolling. Pushing
it is an unbalanced force because it does not have a
force on the other side stopping it from moving. As
soon as the ball rolls off the table, the table is not
pushing up on it anymore, and gravity does not have
another force to balance it out, so the ball falls
toward Earth. When it reaches the ground, it stops
moving because the ground is pushing up on the
ball, so there is a force to balance out gravity.