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Region 1

Division of La Union
SAN GABRIEL VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Bumbuneg, San Gabriel, La Union
4th Periodical Exam in Science 8
Name:___________________________________________________________Section:___________________
Score: __________________
I. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the letter of the correct answer. Write your answer on the space
provided before each number.
_______1.The largest division of kingdom is called_________.
a. class
c. order
b. family
d. phylum
_______2. He established the binomial system of classification.
a. Aristotle
c. Linnaeus
b. Lamarck
d. Lyle
_______3. Which among the following areas of taxonomy refers to the giving of names to living
organisms?
a. classification
c. nomenclature
b. identification
d. taxon
_______4. If humans and monkeys belong to the same class, then, they must belong to the same
__________.
a. genus
c. order
b. family
d. phylum
_______5. All of the following are the threats of biodiversity EXCEPT:
a. alien species
c. overpopulation
b. population explosion
d. sanctuaries
_______6. Which of the following is an example of in-situ conservation method?
a. protected areas
c. aquaria
b. zoos
d. terrarium
_______7. Which of the following is a difference between a food chain and a food web?
a. Food chains are linear and food webs are complex.
b. Food chains include decomposers, but food webs do not.
c. Food chains involve only plants, while food webs involve animals.
d. Food chains involve plants and animals, but food webs involve only animals.
e. Food chains involve only plants, while food webs involve both plants and animals.
_______8. ______ are autotrophic organisms with the ability to carry on photosynthesis and to
make food for
themselves.
a. Carnivores
c. Herbivores
b. Consumers
d. Producers
_______10. Which of the processes listed below will remove CO 2 from the air?
a. denitrification
c. nitrification
b. photosynthesis
d. respiration
_______11. Oxygen found in the atmosphere is mainly produced by which process?
a. Bacterial decay
c. Photosynthesis
b. Cellular respiration
d. Volcanic eruptions
_______12. The process of photosynthesis is described as
a. carbon dioxide + oxygen + sunlight glucose + water
b. carbon dioxide + glucose + sunlight oxygen + water
c. carbon dioxide + water + sunlight glucose + oxygen
d. glucose + oxygen + sunlight carbon dioxide + water
_______13. Humans have increased the quantity of carbon dioxide found in the Earths
atmosphere and oceans by
a. altering natural ecosystems
c. cutting down forests
b. burning fossil fuels
d. all of the above
_______14. Nitrogen is removed from the atmosphere by
a. denitrification bacteria
c. the photosynthesis process.
b. nitrogen-fixing bacteria
d. the respiration process.
_______15. Which of the following is most likely a decomposer?
a. bacteria
c. grass
b. bird
d. water

_______16. In a food web, arrows point in only one direction. Why is this?
a. The arrows show which organism is bigger
b. The arrows show which species are related
c. The arrows show how energy is transferred from one organism to another
d. The arrows show how energy is produced differently within each organism
_______17. Which of the following statements about food chains is true?
a. A producer uses energy from other organisms to make its own food.
b. Tertiary consumers hold the most amount of energy in a food chain.
c. A primary consumer can only obtain energy from a tertiary consumer.
d. An organism can be many different levels of consumers based on what food chains they
are
included in an ecosystem.
_______18. The term primary consumer is used to define an organism that
a. eats only plants for energy
b. makes its own food for energy
b. eats only animals for energy
d. doesnt need any food for energy
_______19. The carbon cycle is best responsible for
a. rain
b. production of nitrates for plant and animal growth
b. respiration and photosynthesis
d. organic material decomposing and returning to
the soil
_______20. The nitrogen cycle is most likely to contain which substances:
a. CO; CO2; Na2CO3
c. H2O vapour; liquid H2O; CO2
b. C6H12O6; CO2; H2O
d. N2; NH4; NO3
_______21. Which of the following Nitrogen fixer is involved in symbiotic association with legumes
forming root nodules?
a. Azotobacter
c. Rhizobium
b. Clostridium
d. Rhodospirillum
_______22. Watery substance secreted by the salivary gland around the mouth. Helps moisten
and soften
food for swallowing.
a. benedicts
c. vitamins
b. lugols
d. saliva
_______23. A pulpy mixture of food and gastric juices. Produced in the stomach, from which it
passes into the small
intestine.
a. amylase
c. peristalsis
b. bolus
d. chyme
_______24. Regular muscular contractions that move food through the digestive tract.
a. amylase
c. peristalsis
b. bolus
d. chyme
_______25. This muscle helps move food to the back of the mouth for swallowing
a. lips
c. teeth
b. saliva glands
d. tongue
_______26. A digestive enzyme that breaks down starch. It is found in saliva.
a. amylase
c. lipase
b. gastric juice
d. pepsin
_______27. The accessory digestive organs include all of the following, EXCEPT:
a liver
c. stomach
b. pancreas
d tongue
_______28.The pancreas is an organ connected to the digestive tract of humans by a duct (tube)
through which
digestive enzymes flow. These enzymes are important to the digestive
system because they
a. form the acids that break down food
b. form proteins needed in the stomach
c. change food materials into wastes that can be passed out of the body
d. change food substances into molecules that can pass into the bloodstream and cells
_______29. In humans, the large intestine is the major site for the
a. completion of lipid digestion
c. completion of carbohydrate digestion
b. storage of nutrients for future use
d. absorption of water into the bloodstream
_______30. Which substances are released into the small intestine of a human and aid in the
digestion of the
intestinal contents?
a. bile, pancreatic juice, and intestinal juice
b. bile, hydrochloric acid, and salivary amylase
c. salivary amylase, intestinal juice, and pancreatic juice
d. hydrochloric acid, pancreatic juice, and intestinal juice
_______31. What is the role of teeth in digestion?
a. They break down food mechanically, stimulating enzyme synthesis in the food.
b. They break down food chemically, mixing saliva with the food for easier digestion.
c. They break down food chemically, aiding the movement of the food through the
esophagus.

d. They break down food mechanically, increasing the surface area of the food for enzyme
action.
________32.In what part of the body does most chemical digestion take place?
a. large intestine
c. pancreas
b. liver
d. small intestine
_______33.What organ produces bile?
a. large intestine
c. pancreas
b. liver
d. small intestine
_______34. The large intestine is so-named because it exceeds the small intestine in:
a. amount of smooth muscle
c. length
b. diameter
d. number of enzymes produced
_______35. The food that has been chewed and mixed in the mouth with saliva is called _________.
a. bile
c. bulos
b. bolus
d. chyme
_______36.It is part of the large intestine that has no specific function and which we could live
without it.
a. appendicitis
c. appendex
b. appendices
d. appendix
_______37. The chromosomes are pulled apart by the spindle fibers during which stage:
a. Anaphase
b. Interphase
c. Telophase
d. Prophase
_______38. The cells of the human body obtain most of their energy from____________.
a. carbohydrates
c. minerals
b. fats
d. proteins
_______39. These are the construction materials for body parts such as muscles, skin, and blood.
a. carbohydrates
c. minerals
b. fats
d. proteins
_______40. These are complex organic molecules that are needed by the body in very small
amount.
a. carbohydrates
c. minerals
b. fats
d. vitamins
_______41. Which of the following are not included in the 10 Kumainments?
a. eat salty foods
c. use iodized salt
b. eat fruits and vegetables
d. have an exercise daily
_______42. Camote, rice and breads are rich in_______________.
a. carbohydrates
c. minerals
b. fats
d. vitamins
_______43. During interphase:
a. The cell grows
c. The cell prepares for mitosis
b. Chromosomes start to duplicate
d. All of the above
_______44.What structure inside the cell helps pull the chromatids apart:
a. Centromere
c. Nucleus
b. Spindle Fibers
d. Membrane
_______45.Division of the cytoplasm during mitosis is called
a. Cytokinesis
c. Meiosis
b. Mitosis
d. Karyokinesis
_______46. Cytokinesis occurs during which phase of cell division
a. prophase
c. telophase
b. anaphase
d. metaphase
_______47. Sister chromatids detach from each other during:
a prophase
c. anaphase
b metaphase
d. telophase
_______48. The end result of meiosis is:
a. four cells
c. one cell
b. five cells
d. two cells
_______49. The following are the functions of mitosis EXCEPT:
a. growth
c. renew
b. repair
d. reproduction
_______50. How many daughter cells produced in meiosis?
a. two diploid
c. four diploid
b. two haploid
d. four haploid