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Triangle Center Ratios (extra credit)

Bacharach

In the right triangle below, the incenter is the intersection of the two angle bisectors, while the
circumcenter is the intersection of the two perpendicular bisectors. An inscribed circle can be drawn
within the triangle with the incenter as its center; a circumscribed circle can be drawn outside the
triangle with the circumcenter as its center.

1 Find the ratio P of the radius of the circumscribed circle to that of the inscribed circle when
Θ = 45° (Θ is one of the acute angles of the triangle). (1 quiz point)

2 Find a general formula for P(Θ). For full credit, simplify your answer to a single fraction
with no tangent functions or half-angles. (2 quiz points)

1.2

Circumcircle

0.8

0.6

0.4 Circumcenter

Incenter
0.2

Incircle
Θ
0.5 1 1.5 2

-0.2
1. 1  2  2.414 or cot ( π8 )
2

2. triangle vertices at (0,0), (0,1), (a,0) – since we’re doing a ratio we can use (0,1) instead of (0,b)
incenter: angle bisector from (0,0) has equation y  x .
  
angle bisector from (a,0) has slope and goes through point (a,0) -> y   tan   x  a  ,
2  2
1 1
where tan   ; a  .
a tan 
     
 a tan  2  a tan  2  
  ,   
Incenter is at intersection of two lines: I 
 1  tan       
   1  tan  
  2  2 
Radius of inscribed circle rI is y –value or x-value of incenter since that is a direct distance to
 
a tan tan
2  2
one of the triangle legs, so rI    .
1  tan 
tan   1  tan 
2  2
-----------------
Circumcenter: perp. bisector from left leg has equation y = ½.
perp. bisector from bottom leg has equation x = a/2
 a 1
Circumcenter is at intersection of two lines: C  , 
 2 2
Radius of circumscribed circle rC is distance to one of the triangle vertices, so
2 2
 a   1  1 2 1 1 1
rC    0    0  a 1  1  .
 2   2  2 2 tan 2
2sin 
----------------

1  tan
bg
P  
rC
rI 2 cos   tan  2 1  cos 
bg
2 ; tan   sin  , so P   1  sin   cos 
sin 2
2