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"DECKSLAB" --- SLAB ON METAL DECK ANALYSIS / DESIGN

Program Description:
"DECKSLAB" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis and design of slabs on
metal deck. Both composite deck slabs and form deck slabs can be analyzed and designed for 3 different
loading conditions. Specifically, the flexural moment capacity for both positive and negative strong axis
moments, one-way beam shear, punching shear, and deflection are all evaluated and checked. Also, for
concentrated loads, the effective slab strip widths for both moment and beam shear are determined. There is
information on the metal deck properties, as well as reinforcing bar and welded wire fabric data tables.
This program is a workbook consisting of four (4) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name

Description

Doc
Composite Deck
Form Deck (1-layer of Reinf.)
Form Deck (2-layers of Reinf.)

This documentation sheet


Beam flexure, shear, crack control, and inertia
Flexural reinforcing for singly or doubly reinforced beams/sections
Ultimate moment capacity of singly or doubly reinforced beams/sections

Program Assumptions and Limitations:


1. This program is based on the following references:
a. "Composite Deck Design Handbook" - by R.B. Heagler, L.D. Luttrell, and W.S. Easterling
and published by Steel Deck Institute (SDI), March 1997
b. "Designing with Steel Form Deck" - by Steel Deck Institute (SDI), 2003
c. "Steel Deck and Floor Deck" Catalog - by Vulcraft Corporation, 2001
d. ACI 318-99 Building Code and Commentary - by American Concrete Institute, June 1999
2. In the "Composite Deck" worksheet, since the composite deck is interlocked or engaged with the concrete,
the deck is assumed to function as the positive moment, bottom face slab reinforcing. The shear capacity of
the composite deck alone is added to the beam shear capacity of the concrete to arrive at the total beam
shear capacity of the slab.
3. In the two form deck worksheets, the form deck is assumed to be "inverted" and not to contribute to the
flexural moment capacity of the slab. The user has the option to include or not include the form deck shear
capacity in the total beam shear capacity of the slab.
4. In the "Composite Deck" worksheet, the user may select anyone of 5 available sizes (profiles), 1.5"x6",
1.5"x6"(Inv), 1.5"x12", 2"x12", and 3"x12".
5. In the two form deck worksheets, the user may select anyone of 3 available sizes (profiles), 1.5"x6", 2"x12",
and 3"x12".
6. In the "Composite Deck" and the two form deck worksheets, the user may select either a 1-span, 2-span, or
3-span condition for analysis.
7. In the "Form Deck (1-layer Reinf.)" worksheet, the reinforcing parallel to the slab span length functions as
both the positive moment (between slab supports) reinforcing and the negative moment (at slab supports)
reinforcing. When welded-wire fabric (WWF) reinforcing is used, this program does not allow the user to
consider "draping" the reinforcing to maximize the positive and negative moment capacities.
8. In the "Form Deck (2-layers Reinf.)" worksheet, the bottom layer of reinforcing parallel to the slab span length
functions as the positive moment (between slab supports) reinforcing, while the top layer of reinforcing
parallel to the slab span length functions as the negative moment (at slab supports) reinforcing for the
2-span and 3-span conditions. Both positive and negative moment capacities are based on assuming a
"singly-reinforced" slab section.
9. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including
explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box
is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the

desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3

SLAB ON METAL DECK ANALYSIS / DESIGN


Job Name:
Job Number:
Input Data:
Composite Deck Type =
Composite Deck Gage =
Deck Steel Yield, Fyd =
Thk. of Topping, t(top) =
Total Slab Thickness, h =
Concrete Unit Wt., wc =
Concrete Strength, f'c =
Deck Clear Span, L =
Slab Span Condition =
Neg. Mom. Reinf., Asn =
Depth to Asn, d1 =
Distribution Reinf., Ast =
Depth to Ast, d2 =
Reinforcing Yield, fy =
Uniform Live Load, w(LL) =
Concentrated Load, P =
Load Area Width, b2 =
Load Area Length, b3 =

For Composite Steel Deck System without Studs


Subjected to Either Uniform Live load or Concentrated Load
Subject:
Originator:

1.5''x6''
18
33.0
0.0000
6.0000
150
4.0
6.0000
2-Span
0.200
2.0000
0.200
2.5000
60.0
200
5.000
4.5000
4.5000

Checker:

bm=13.5
P=5 kips

ksi

w(LL)=200 psf

in.

t(top)=0

in.
pcf
ksi
ft.

d2

d1
b2=4.5

rwt=2.5

tc=4.5

1.5''x6''(Inv)
1.5''x12''
2''x12''
3''x12''
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
h=6

###
###
###
18 ga. Deck
in.^2/ft.
p=6
1-Span
in.
Nomenclature
2-Span
ksi
3-Span
psf
Note: Composite deck is assumed to add to flexural moment
Fb(allow) =
kips
capacity of slab, by functioning as positive moment
+Mu =
in.
reinforcing. Composite deck shear capacity is included
or: +Mu =
in.
in total beam shear capacity.
+fbu =
Results:
-Mu =
or: -Mu =
Properties and Data:
-fbu =
hd =
1.500
hd = deck rib height
in.
p=
6.000
p = deck rib pitch (center to center distance between flutes)
in.
rw =
2.000
rw = deck rib bearing width (from SDI Table)
in.
Vd =
rw(avg) =
2.250
rw(avg) = average deck rib width (from SDI Table)
in.
td = 0.0474 in.
td = deck thickness (inch equivalent of gage)
Vu =
Asd =
0.760
Asd = area of steel deck/ft. width (from SDI Table)
in.^2
Id =
0.308
Id = inertia of steel deck/ft. width (from SDI Table)
S.R. =
in.^4
yd =
0.850
yd = C.G. of deck
in.
Sp =
0.349
Sp = positive section modulus of steel deck/ft. width (from SDI Table)
in.^3
Sn =
0.337
Sn = negative section modulus of steel deck/ft. width (from SDI Table)
in.^3
Rd =
tc =
4.500
tc = h-hd = thickness of slab above top of deck ribs
in.
Wd =
2.60
Wd = weight of deck/ft. (from SDI Table)
Rui =
psf
Wc =
63.28
Wc = ((t(top)+$h-hd)*12+2*(hd*(rwt+rw)/2))/144*wc (wt. of conc. for 12'' width)
psf
w(DL) =
65.88
w(DL) = Wd+Wc = total dead weight of deck plus concrete
psf
(DL) =
(ratio) =
Bending in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
P=
0.150
P = 0.75*200 lb. man (applied over 1-foot width of deck)
kips
+Mno =
W2 =
20.00
W2 = 20 psf construction load
psf
Fb(allow) =
31.35
Fb(allow) = 0.95*Fyd
+Mu =
ksi
+Mu =
0.62
+Mu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd)/1000*0.096*L^2+1.4*(0.203*P*L)
ft-kips/ft.
-Mno =
or: +Mu =
0.33
+Mu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd+1.4*W2)/1000*0.070*L^2
ft-kips/ft.
+fbu =
21.20
+fbu = +Mu(max)*12/Sp
+fbu <= Allow., O.K.
-Mu =
ksi
-Mu =
0.36
-Mu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd)/1000*0.063*L^2+1.4*(0.094*P*L)
ft-kips/ft.
Vd =
or: -Mu =
0.60
-Mu = (1.6*Wc/1000+1.2*Wd/1000+1.4*W2/1000)*0.125*L^2
ft-kips/ft.
-fbu =
21.21
-fbu = -Mu*12/Sn
-fbu <= Allow.,
Top Width
O.K. =
ksi
Ac =
hd=1.5

in.^2/ft.
in.

rw=2

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3
(continued)

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03/08/2016 02:14:37

"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3

Vnt =
Beam Shear in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
Vu =
Vd =
Vd = beam shear capacity of deck alone (LRFD value from SDI Table)
4.16
kips
Vu =
0.496
Vu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd+1.4*W2)/1000*0.625*L
S.R. =
kips
Vu <= Allow., O.K.
Deflection fo
Shear and Negative Moment Interaction in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
wa(LL) =
S.R. = (Vu/Vd)^2+(Mu/(Fb(allow)*Sn/12))^2
S.R. =
0.472
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.

(LL) =
Web Crippling (End Bearing) in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
Rd =
Rd = beam shear capacity of deck alone (LRFD value from SDI Table)(ratio) =
4.220
kips
Rui =
0.745
Rui = ((1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd+1.4*W2)/1000*1.25*L)*0.75 (allowing 1/3 increase)
kips
Ri <= Rd, O.K.
be(max) =
Deflection in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
(DL) =
(DL) =
0.089
0.0054*(Wc+Wd)/12000*L^4/(Es*Id) (Es=29000 ksi)
x=
in.
(ratio) =
(ratio) = L*12/(DL)
L/807
bm =
be =
Strong Axis Positive Moment for Uniform Live Load:
n=
+Mno =
+Mno = (0.85*Fyd*Scr)/12
6.59
a=
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu =
1.38
+Mu = 1.2*(0.096*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.6*(0.096*w(LL)/1000*L^2)
Z=
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu <= Allow., O.K.
Icr =
Strong Axis Negative Moment for Uniform Live Load:
Scr =
-Mno =
-Mno = (0.90*Asn*Fy*((h-d1)-a/2))/12
+Mno =
3.25
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu =
1.95
-Mu = 1.4*(0.125*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.7*(0.125*w(LL)/1000*L^2)
+Mu =
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu <= Allow., O.K.
Strong Axis N
Beam Shear for Uniform Live Load:
x=
Vd =
Vd = beam shear capacity of deck alone (from SDI Table)
4.16
bm =
kips
Ac =
36.00
Ac = 2*h*((rw+2*h*(rwt-rw)/2/hd)+rw)/2
be =
in.^2
Vc =
Vc =
3.87
2*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000
b=
kips
Vnt =
Vnt = Vd+Vc <= 4*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000 (without studs)
7.74
a=
kips
-Mno =
Vu =
1.50
Vu = 1.2*(0.625*w(DL)/1000*L)+1.6*(0.625*w(LL)/1000*L)
kips
Vu <= Allow., O.K.
-Mu =
Shear and Negative Moment Interaction for Uniform Live Load:
S.R. = (Vu/Vnt)^2+(Mu/(+Mno))^2
S.R. =
0.396
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K. x =
bm =
Deflection for Uniform Live Load:
be =
wa(LL) = allow. live load = (Mno *(1/0.070)/L^2-1.2*w(DL))/1.6
Vd =
wa(LL) = 1585.32 psf
(LL) =
(LL) =
0.038
0.0054*w(LL)/12000*L^4/(Ec*Iav) (Ec=Es/n)
Top Width =
in.
(ratio) = L/1883
(ratio) = L*12/(LL)
Ac =
Vc =
Vnt =
Maximum Effective Slab Strip Width for Concentrated Load:
be(max) =
80.10
be(max) = 8.9*(tc/h)*12
Vu =
in.
Strong Axis Positive Moment for Concentrated Load:
S.R. =
x=
36.00
x = (L*12)/2 (assumed for bending)
in.
bm =
13.50
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
bo =
in.
Vc =
be =
37.50
be = bm+4/3*(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
in.
n=
8
n = Es/Ec = 29000/(33*wc^1.5*SQRT(f'c*1000)/1000), rounded
Vu =
a=
1.833
a = (-Asd+SQRT((Asd)^2-4*(12/n)/2*(-Asd*(h-yd))))/(2*(12/n)/2)
in.
Z=
3.317
Z = h-yd-a
yuc =
in.
Icr =
11.75
Icr = (12/n)*a^3/3+Asd*Z^2+Id
Iuc =
in.^4
Scr =
2.82
Scr = Icr/(h-a)
in.^3
+Mno =
+Mno = (0.85*Fyd*Scr)/12
6.59
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu =
3.39
+Mu = 1.2*(0.096*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.6*(0.203*P*L)*(12/be)
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu <= Allow., O.K.
(continued)

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3
(P) =
(ratio) =
Strong Axis Negative Moment for Concentrated Load:
x=
36.00
x = (L*12)/2 (assumed for bending)
in.
bm =
13.50
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
A'c =
in.
be =
37.50
be = bm+4/3*(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
Ast(min) =
in.
b=
4.50
b = 12/p*rw(avg) = width for negative bending
x=
in.
a=
0.784
a = Asn*Fy/(0.85*f'c*b)
in.
-Mno =
-Mno = (0.90*Asn*Fy*((h-d1)-a/2))/12
3.25
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu =
1.95
-Mu = 1.4*(0.125*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.7*(0.094*P*L)*(12/be)
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu <= Allow., O.K.
Beam Shear for Concentrated Load:
bm =
x=
6.00
x = h (assumed for beam shear)
be =
in.
bm =
13.50
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
w=
in.
be =
19.00
be = bm+(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
a=
in.
Vd =
Vd = beam shear capacity of deck alone (from SDI Table)
4.16
###
kips
Ac =
36.00
Ac = 2*h*((rw+2*h*(rwt-rw)/2/hd)+rw)/2
###
in.^2
Vc =
Vc =
3.87
2*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000
kips
Vnt =
Vnt = Vd+Vc <= 4*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000 (without studs)
7.74
kips
Vu =
5.35
Vu = 1.2*(0.625*w(DL)/1000*L)+1.6*(P*12/be)
Vu <= Allow., O.K.
kips
Shear and Negative Moment Interaction for Concentrated Load:
S.R. = (Vu/Vnt)^2+(Mu/(-Mno))^2
S.R. =
0.838

S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.

Punching Shear for Concentrated Load:


bo =
36.00
bo = 2*(b2+b3+2*tc)
in.
Vc =
Vc =
17.42
2*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*bo*tc/1000
kips
Vu =
8.50
Vu =1.7*P
kips

Vu <= Allow., O.K.

Deflection for Concentrated Load:


yuc =
2.817
in.
--Iuc =
23.16
in.^4
--Iav =
17.45
in.^4
(P) =
0.142
in.
(ratio) =
L/509

yuc = ((12/n)*tc^2/2+(12/n)/(12/(2*rw(avg)))*hd*(tc+hd/2)+.
.+Asd*(tc+hd-yd))/(tc*(12/n)+Asd+(12/n)/(12/(2*rw(avg)))*hd)
Iuc = (12/n)*tc^3/12+(12/n)*tc*(yuc-tc/2)^2+Id+Asd*(h-yuc-yd)^2+.
.(12/n)/(12/(2*rw(avg)))*hd^3/12+(12/n)/(12/(2*rw(avg)))*hd*(h-hd/2-yuc)^2
Iav = (Icr+Iuc)/2 (average of cracked and uncracked)
(P) =
0.015*P*(12/be)*L^3/(Ec*Iav) (Ec=Es/n)
(ratio) = L*12/(P)

Weak Axis Moment for Concentrated Load:


A'c =
54.00
A'c = 12*tc
in.^2
Ast(min) =
0.041
Ast(min) = 0.00075*A'c
in.^2/ft.
x=
36.00
x = (L*12)/2 (assumed for bending)
in.
bm =
13.50
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
in.
be =
37.50
be = bm+4/3*(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
in.
w=
40.50
w = (L*12)/2+b3 <= L*12
in.
a=
0.294
a = Ast*Fy/(0.85*f'c*b) where: b = 12"
in.
Mnw =
Mnw = (0.85*As*Fy*(d1-a/2))/12
2.00
ft-kips/ft.
Muw =
0.49
Muw = (1.6*(P*be*12/(15*w)))/12
ft-kips/ft.

Ast >=Ast(min), O.K.

Muw <=Allow., O.K.

(continued)

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3

Concentrated Load Distribution for Slab on Metal Deck

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3

SLAB ON METAL DECK ANALYSIS / DESIGN


For Non-Composite Inverted Steel Form Deck System with One Layer of Reinforcing
Subjected to Either Uniform Live load or Concentrated Load
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
Form Deck Type =
Form Deck Gage =
Deck Steel Yield, Fyd =
Thk. of Topping, t(top) =
Total Slab Thickness, h =
Concrete Unit Wt., wc =
Concrete Strength, f'c =
Deck Clear Span, L =
Slab Span Condition =
Main Reinforcing, As =
Depth to As, d1 =
Distribution Reinf., Ast =
Depth to Ast, d2 =
Reinforcing Yield, fy =
Uniform Live Load, w(LL) =
Concentrated Load, P =
Load Area Width, b2 =
Load Area Length, b3 =
Results:
Properties and Data:
hd =
1.500
p=
6.000
rw =
3.500
rw(avg) =
3.875
td = 0.0474
Idp =
0.295
Idn =
0.289
Sp =
0.327
Sn =
0.318
tc =
4.500
Wd =
2.72
Wc =
68.36
w(DL) =
71.08

1.5C18
18
33.0
0.0000
6.0000
150
4.0
6.0000
3-Span
0.200
3.0000
0.200
2.5000
60.0
150
3.000
4.5000
4.5000

in.
in.
in.
in.
in.
in.^4
in.
in.^3
in.^3
in.
psf
psf
psf

1.5C20
1.5C18
2C22
2C20
2C18
2C16
3C22
3C20
3C18
3C16
###
###

bm=13.5
P=3 kips

ksi

w(LL)=150 psf

in.

t(top)=0

in.
pcf
ksi

d2

d1
tc=4.5

ft.

b2=4.5

rwt=4.25

h=6

###
1-Span
2-Span
18 ga. Deck
in.^2/ft.
p=6
3-Span
in.
Nomenclature
Yes
ksi
No
psf
Include Deck in Beam Shear Capacity?
Yes
Fb(allow) =
kips
+Mu =
in.
Note: Form deck is assumed not to add to flexural moment or: +Mu =
in.
capacity of slab. User has option to include or not include+fbu =
form deck shear capacity in total shear capacity of slab. -Mu =
or: -Mu =
hd = deck rib height
-fbu =
p = deck rib pitch (center to center distance between flutes)
rw = deck rib bearing width (from Vulcraft Table)
rw(avg) = average deck rib width (from Vulcraft Table)
Vd =
td = deck thickness (inch equivalent of gage)
Idp = inertia of steel deck/ft. width (from Vulcraft Table)
Vu =
Idn = inertia of steel deck/ft. width (from Vulcraft Table)
Sp = positive section modulus of steel deck/ft. width (from Vulcraft Table) S.R. =
Sn = negative section modulus of steel deck/ft. width (from Vulcraft Table)
tc = h-hd = thickness of slab above top of deck ribs
Wd = weight of deck/ft. (from Vulcraft Table)
Rd =
Wc = ((t(top)+$h-hd)*12+2*(hd*(rwt+rw)/2))/144*wc (wt. of conc. for 12'' width)
w(DL) = Wd+Wc = total dead weight of deck plus concrete
Rui =
hd=1.5

in.^2/ft.
in.

rw=3.5

Bending in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:


(DL) =
P=
0.150
P = 0.75*200 lb. man (applied over 1-foot width of deck)
kips
(ratio) =
W2 =
20.00
W2 = 20 psf construction load
psf
Fb(allow) =
31.35
Fb(allow) = 0.95*Fyd
ksi
+Mno =
+Mu =
0.63
+Mu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd)/1000*0.094*L^2+1.4*0.20*P*L
ft-kips/ft.
or: +Mu =
0.41
+Mu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd+1.4*W2)/1000*0.080*L^2
+Mu =
ft-kips/ft.
+fbu =
23.24
+fbu = +Mu(max)*12/Sp
+fbu <= Allow., O.K. Strong Axis N
ksi
-Mno =
-Mu =
0.40
-Mu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd)/1000*0.067*L^2+1.4*0.10*P*L
ft-kips/ft.
or: -Mu =
0.59
-Mu = (1.6*Wc/1000+1.2*Wd/1000+1.4*W2/1000)*0.117*L^2
-Mu =
ft-kips/ft.
-fbu =
22.35
-fbu = -Mu*12/Sn
-fb <= Allow., O.K.
Beam Shear
ksi
Vd =
Top Width =
Ac =

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3
Vc =
(continued)

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03/08/2016 02:14:37

"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3

Vu =
Beam Shear in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
Vd =
Vd = beam shear capacity of deck alone (LRFD value from SDI Table) S.R. =
4.160
kips
Vu =
0.521
Vu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd+1.4*W2)/1000*0.617*L
kips
Vu <= Allow., O.K.
wa(LL) =
Shear and Negative Moment Interaction in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
+Ma =
S.R. = (Vu/Vd)^2+(Mu/(Fb(allow)*Sn/12))^2
S.R. =
0.524
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K. Ie =
(LL) =
(ratio) =
Web Crippling (End Bearing) in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
Rd =
Rd = beam shear capacity of deck alone (LRFD value from SDI Table)
4.220
kips
Rui =
0.759
Rui = ((1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd+1.4*W2)/1000*1.20*L)*0.75 (allowing 1/3 increase)
be(max) =
kips
Ri <= Rd, O.K.
Strong Axis P
Deflection in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
x=
(DL) =
(DL) =
0.128
0.0069*(Wc+Wd)/12000*L^4/(Es*Id) (Es=29000 ksi)
bm =
in.
(ratio) =
(ratio) = L*12/(DL)
L/561
be =

Strong Axis Positive Moment for Uniform Live Load:


a=
+Mno =
+Mno = (0.90*As*Fy*(d1-a/2))/12
2.57
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu =
1.20
+Mu = 1.4*(0.094*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.7*(0.094*w(LL)/1000*L^2)
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu <= Allow., O.K.
+Mno =
Strong Axis Negative Moment for Uniform Live Load:
-Mno =
-Mno = (0.90*As*Fy*((h-d1-hd/2)-a/2))/12
1.82
+Mu =
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu =
1.49
-Mu = 1.4*(0.117*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.7*(0.117*w(LL)/1000*L^2)
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu <= Allow., O.K.x =
Beam Shear for Uniform Live Load:
bm =
Vd =
Vd =
4.16
Beam shear capacity of form deck is included (from SDI Catalog)be =
kips
Ac =
57.75
Ac = 2*hd*((2*rw(avg)-rw)+rw)/2+(h-hd)*(Pitch+(2*rw(avg)-rw))/2
b=
in.^2
Vc =
Vc =
6.21
2*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000
a=
kips
Vnt =
Vnt = Vd + Vc <= 4*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000
-Mno =
10.37
kips
Vu =
1.31
Vu = 1.4*(0.617*w(DL)/1000*L)+1.7*(0.617*w(LL)/1000*L)
-Mu =
kips
Vu <= Allow., O.K.
Beam Shear
Shear and Negative Moment Interaction for Uniform Live Load:
x=
S.R. = (Vu/Vnt)^2+(Mu/(+Mno))^2
S.R. =
0.689
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K. bm =
be =
Vd =
Deflection for Uniform Live Load:
wa(LL) = allow. live load = (Mno *(1/0.080)/L^2-1.4*w(DL))/1.7
wa(LL) = 465.90 psf
Top Width =
+Ma =
0.75
+Ma = (0.094*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+(0.094*w(LL)/1000*L^2)
Ac =
ft-kips/ft.
Vc =
Ie =
91.13
Ie = (Mcr/Ma)^3*Ig+(1-(Mcr/Ma)^3)*Icr <= Ig
in.^4
(LL) = 0.0070 in.
(LL) =
Vnt =
0.0069*w(LL)/12000*L^4/(Ec*Ie) (Ec=Es/n)
(ratio) = L/10261
(ratio) = L*12/(LL)
Vu =
Maximum Effective Slab Strip Width for Concentrated Load:
be(max) =
80.10
be(max) = 8.9*(tc/h)*12
in.

S.R. =

bo =
Vc =
Strong Axis Positive Moment for Concentrated Load:
x=
36.00
x = (L*12)/2 (assumed for bending)
Vu =
in.
bm =
13.50
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
in.
be =
37.50
be = bm+4/3*(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
n=
in.
a=
0.294
a = As*Fy/(0.85*f'c*b) where: b = 12"
fr =
in.
+Mno =
+Mno = (0.90*As*Fy*(d-a/2))/12
2.57
kd =
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu =
2.30
+Mu = 1.4*(0.094*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.7*(0.200*P*L)*(12/be)
Ig =
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu <= Allow., O.K.
Mcr =
+Ma =
Icr =
Ie =

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3
(continued)

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3
(P) =
(ratio) =
Strong Axis Negative Moment for Concentrated Load:
x=
36.00
x = (L*12)/2 (assumed for bending)
in.
bm =
13.50
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
A'c =
in.
be =
37.50
be = bm+4/3*(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
Ast(min) =
in.
b=
7.75
b = 12/p*rw(avg) = width for negative bending
x=
in.
a=
0.455
a = As*Fy/(0.85*f'c*b)
in.
-Mno =
-Mno = (0.90*As*Fy*((h-d1-hd/2)-a/2))/12
1.82
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu =
1.40
-Mu = 1.4*(0.117*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.7*(0.100*P*L)*(12/be)
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu <= Allow., O.K.
Beam Shear for Concentrated Load:
bm =
x=
6.00
x = h (assumed for beam shear)
be =
in.
bm =
13.50
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
w=
in.
be =
19.00
be = bm+(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
a=
in.
Vd =
Vd =
Mnw =
4.16
Beam shear capacity of form deck is included (from SDI Catalog)
kips
Ac =
57.75
Ac = 2*hd*((2*rw(avg)-rw)+rw)/2+(h-hd)*(Pitch+(2*rw(avg)-rw))/2
Muw =
in.^2
Vc =
Vc =
6.21
2*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000
kips
Vnt =
Vnt = Vd + Vc <= 4*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000
10.37
-Ma =
kips
Vu =
3.58
Vu = 1.4*(0.60*w(DL)/1000*L)+1.7*(P*12/be)
Vu <= Allow., O.K. d =
kips
fs =
Shear and Negative Moment Interaction for Concentrated Load:
fs(used) =
S.R. = (Vu/Vnt)^2+(Mu/(-Mno))^2
S.R. =
0.709
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.
s(max) =
Punching Shear for Concentrated Load:
bo =
36.00
bo = 2*(b2+b3+2*tc)
in.
Vc =
Vc =
17.42
2*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*bo*tc/1000
kips
Vu =
5.10
Vu =1.7*P
kips
Deflection for Concentrated Load:
n=
8
fr =
0.474
ksi
kd = 0.7710 in.
Ig =
91.13
in.
Mcr =
1.60
ft-kips/ft.
Ma =
1.39
ft-kips/ft.
Icr =
9.78
in.^4
Ie =
91.13
in.^4
(P) =
0.016
in.
(ratio) = L/4546

(prov) =
Vu <= Allow., O.K.1 =
b =
b(max) =
n = Es/Ec = 29000/(33*wc^1.5*SQRT(f'c*1000)/1000), rounded
As(max) =
fr = 7.5*SQRT(f'c*1000)
(prov) =
kd = (SQRT(2*d1*(b/(n*As))+1)-1)/(b/(n*As))
1 =
Ig = 12*tc^3/12
b =
Mcr = (fr*Ig/(tc/2))/12
b(max) =
+Ma = 0.094*w(DL)/1000*L^2+0.20*P*L*(12/be)
Icr = b*kd^3/3+n*As*(d1-kd)^2
As(max) =
Ie = (Mcr/Ma)^3*Ig+(1-(Mcr/Ma)^3)*Icr <= Ig
(P) =
0.0146*P*(12/be)*L^3/(Ec*Ie) (Ec=Es/n)
(ratio) = L*12/(P)

Weak Axis Moment for Concentrated Load:


A'c =
54.00
A'c = 12*tc
in.^2
Ast(min) =
0.041
Ast(min) = 0.00075*A'c
in.^2/ft.
x=
36.00
x = (L*12)/2 (assumed for bending)
in.
bm =
13.50
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
in.
be =
37.50
be = bm+4/3*(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
in.
w=
40.50
w = (L*12)/2+b3 <= L*12
in.
a=
0.294
a = Ast*Fy/(0.85*f'c*b) where: b = 12"
in.
Mnw =
Mnw = (0.90*As*Fy*(d2-a/2))/12
2.12
ft-kips/ft.
Muw =
0.31
Muw = (1.7*(P*be*12/(15*w)))/12
ft-kips/ft.

Ast >=Ast(min), O.K.

Muw <=Allow., O.K.

Crack Control (Top Face Tension Reinf. Spacing Limitations) per ACI 318-99 Code:
-Ma =
0.30
-Ma = (0.117*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+(0.117*w(LL)/1000*L^2)
ft-kips/ft.
fs =
9.03
fs=12*Ma/(As2*d*(1-((2*As2/(b*d)*n+(As2/(b*d)*n)^2)^(1/2)-As2/(b*d)*n)/3))
ksi
fs(used) =
9.03
fs(used) = minimum of: 'fs' and 0.6*fy
ksi
s(max) =
47.86
s(max) = minimum of: (540/fs(used))-2.5*(d1-0.25) and 12*36/fs(used)
in.

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3
(continued)

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3

Concentrated Load Distribution for Slab on Metal Deck

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3

SLAB ON METAL DECK ANALYSIS / DESIGN


For Non-Composite Inverted Steel Form Deck System with Two Layers of Reinforcing
Subjected to Either Uniform Live load or Concentrated Load
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
Form Deck Type =
Form Deck Gage =
Deck Steel Yield, Fyd =
Thk. of Topping, t(top) =
Total Slab Thickness, h =
Concrete Unit Wt., wc =
Concrete Strength, f'c =
Deck Clear Span, L =
Slab Span Condition =
Top Main Reinf., As2 =
Depth to As2, d2 =
Bot. Main Reinf., As1 =
Depth to As1, d1 =
Top Distrib. Reinf., Ast2 =
Depth to Ast2, d4 =
Bot. Distrib. Reinf., Ast1 =
Depth to Ast1, d3 =
Reinforcing Yield, fy =
Uniform Live Load, w(LL) =
Concentrated Load, P =
Load Area Width, b2 =
Load Area Length, b3 =
Results:
Properties and Data:
hd =
2.000
p = 12.000
rw =
5.000
rw(avg) =
6.000
td = 0.0474
Idp =
0.557
Idn =
0.557
Sp =
0.520
Sn =
0.520
tc =
6.000
Wd =
2.61
Wc =
87.50
w(DL) =
90.11

2C18
18
33.0
0.0000
8.0000
150
4.0
6.0000
3-Span
0.200
1.7500
0.200
5.5000
0.200
2.2500
0.200
5.0000
60.0
200
5.000
4.2500
4.2500

in.
in.
in.
in.
in.
in.^4
in.
in.^3
in.^3
in.
psf
psf
psf

1.5C20
1.5C18
2C22
2C20
2C18
2C16
3C22
3C20
3C18
3C16
###
###

bm=16.25
P=5 kips

ksi

w(LL)=200 psf

in.
in.

d2

t(top)=0

pcf
ksi
ft.

d4
d3 b2=4.25

rwt=7

d1

tc=6
h=8

in.^2/ft.
in.
in.^2/ft.
in.
in.^2/ft.
in.
in.^2/ft.
in.
ksi
psf
kips
in.
in.

###
1-Span
2-Span
18 ga. Deck
p=12
3-Span
Nomenclature
Yes
No
Include Deck in Beam Shear Capacity?
Yes
Fb(allow) =
+Mu =
Note: Form deck is assumed not to add to flexural moment or: +Mu =
capacity of slab. User has option to include or not include+fbu =
form deck shear capacity in total shear capacity of slab. -Mu =
or: -Mu =
-fbu =
hd=2

rw=5

Vd =
hd = deck rib height
p = deck rib pitch (center to center distance between flutes)
Vu =
rw = deck rib bearing width (from Vulcraft Table)
rw(avg) = average deck rib width (from Vulcraft Table)
S.R. =
td = deck thickness (inch equivalent of gage)
Idp = inertia of steel deck/ft. width (from Vulcraft Table)
Idn = inertia of steel deck/ft. width (from Vulcraft Table)
Sp = positive section modulus of steel deck/ft. width (from Vulcraft Table) Rd =
Sn = negative section modulus of steel deck/ft. width (from Vulcraft Table) Rui =
tc = h-hd = thickness of slab above top of deck ribs
Wd = weight of deck/ft. (from Vulcraft Table)
(DL) =
Wc = ((t(top)+$h-hd)*12+(hd*(rwt+rw)/2))/144*wc (wt. of conc. for 12'' width)
(ratio) =
w(DL) = Wd+Wc = total dead weight of deck plus concrete

+Mno =
Bending in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
P=
0.150
P = 0.75*200 lb. man (applied over 1-foot width of deck)
+Mu =
kips
W2 =
20.00
W2 = 20 psf construction load
psf
-Mno =
Fb(allow) =
31.35
Fb(allow) = 0.95*Fyd
ksi
+Mu =
0.74
+Mu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd)/1000*0.094*L^2+1.4*0.20*P*L
-Mu =
ft-kips/ft.
or: +Mu =
0.49
+Mu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd+1.4*W2)/1000*0.080*L^2
ft-kips/ft.
Vd =
+fbu =
16.99
+fbu = +Mu(max)*12/Sp
+fbu <= Allow., O.K.
ksi
-Mu =
0.47
-Mu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd)/1000*0.067*L^2+1.4*0.10*P*L
Top Width =
ft-kips/ft.
or: -Mu =
0.72
-Mu = (1.6*Wc/1000+1.2*Wd/1000+1.4*W2/1000)*0.117*L^2
Ac =
ft-kips/ft.

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3
-fbu =

16.63

ksi

-fbu = -Mu*12/Sn

Vc =
-fb <= Allow., O.K.
(continued)

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3

Vu =
Beam Shear in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
Vd =
Vd = beam shear capacity of deck alone (LRFD value from SDI Table) S.R. =
3.180
kips
Vu =
0.634
Vu = (1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd+1.4*W2)/1000*0.617*L
kips
Vu <= Allow., O.K.
wa(LL) =
Shear and Negative Moment Interaction in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
+Ma =
S.R. = (Vu/Vd)^2+(Mu/(Fb(allow)*Sn/12))^2
S.R. =
0.321
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K. Ie =
(LL) =
(ratio) =
Web Crippling (End Bearing) in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
Rd =
Rd = beam shear capacity of deck alone (LRFD value from SDI Table)
2.010
kips
Rui =
0.924
Rui = ((1.6*Wc+1.2*Wd+1.4*W2)/1000*1.20*L)*0.75 (allowing 1/3 increase)
be(max) =
kips
Ri <= Rd, O.K.
Strong Axis P
Deflection in Deck as a Form Only for Construction Loads:
x=
(DL) =
(DL) =
0.086
0.0069*(Wc+Wd)/12000*L^4/(Es*Id) (Es=29000 ksi)
bm =
in.
(ratio) =
(ratio) = L*12/(DL)
L/835
be =

Strong Axis Positive Moment for Uniform Live Load:


a=
+Mno =
+Mno = (0.90*As1*Fy*(d1-a/2))/12
4.82
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu =
1.58
+Mu = 1.4*(0.094*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.7*(0.094*w(LL)/1000*L^2)
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu <= Allow., O.K.
+Mno =
Strong Axis Negative Moment for Uniform Live Load:
-Mno =
-Mno = (0.90*As2*Fy*((h-d2-hd/2)-a/2))/12
4.46
+Mu =
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu =
1.96
-Mu = 1.4*(0.117*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.7*(0.117*w(LL)/1000*L^2)
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu <= Allow., O.K.x =
Beam Shear for Uniform Live Load:
bm =
Vd =
Vd =
3.18
Beam shear capacity of form deck is included (from SDI Catalog)be =
kips
Ac =
69.00
Ac = hd*((2*rw(avg)-rw)+rw)/2+(h-hd)*(Pitch+(2*rw(avg)-rw))/2
b=
in.^2
Vc =
Vc =
7.42
2*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000
a=
kips
Vnt =
Vnt = Vd + Vc <= 4*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000
-Mno =
10.60
kips
Vu =
1.73
Vu = 1.4*(0.617*w(DL)/1000*L)+1.7*(0.617*w(LL)/1000*L)
-Mu =
kips
Vu <= Allow., O.K.
Beam Shear
Shear and Negative Moment Interaction for Uniform Live Load:
x=
S.R. = (Vu/Vnt)^2+(Mu/(+Mno))^2
S.R. =
0.220
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K. bm =
be =
Vd =
Deflection for Uniform Live Load:
(assume use of cracked section moment of inertia)
wa(LL) = allow. live load = (Mno *(1/0.080)/L^2-1.4*w(DL))/1.7
wa(LL) = 909.79 psf
Top Width =
+Ma =
0.98
+Ma = (0.094*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+(0.094*w(LL)/1000*L^2)
Ac =
ft-kips/ft.
Vc =
Ie = 216.00 in.^4
Ie = (Mcr/Ma)^3*Ig+(1-(Mcr/Ma)^3)*Icr <= Ig
(LL) = 0.0039 in.
(LL) =
Vnt =
0.0069*w(LL)/12000*L^4/(Ec*Ie) (Ec=Es/n)
(ratio) = L/18242
(ratio) = L*12/(LL)
Vu =
Maximum Effective Slab Strip Width for Concentrated Load:
be(max) =
80.10
be(max) = 8.9*(tc/h)*12
in.

S.R. =

bo =
Vc =
Strong Axis Positive Moment for Concentrated Load:
x=
36.00
x = (L*12)/2 (assumed for bending)
Vu =
in.
bm =
16.25
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
in.
be =
40.25
be = bm+4/3*(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
n=
in.
a=
0.294
a = As1*Fy/(0.85*f'c*b) where: b = 12"
fr =
in.
+Mno =
+Mno = (0.90*As1*Fy*(d1-a/2))/12
4.82
kd =
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu =
3.47
+Mu = 1.4*(0.094*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.7*(0.200*P*L)*(12/be)
Ig =
ft-kips/ft.
+Mu <= Allow., O.K.
Mcr =
+Ma =
Icr =
Ie =

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3
(continued)

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3
(P) =
(ratio) =
Strong Axis Negative Moment for Concentrated Load:
x=
36.00
x = (L*12)/2 (assumed for bending)
in.
bm =
16.25
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
A'c =
in.
be =
40.25
be = bm+4/3*(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
Ast(min) =
in.
b=
6.00
b = 12/p*rw(avg) = width for negative bending
x=
in.
a=
0.588
a = As2*Fy/(0.85*f'c*b)
in.
-Mno =
-Mno = (0.90*As2*Fy*((h-d2-hd/2)-a/2))/12
4.46
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu =
2.05
-Mu = 1.4*(0.117*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+1.7*(0.100*P*L)*(12/be)
ft-kips/ft.
-Mu <= Allow., O.K.
Beam Shear for Concentrated Load:
bm =
x=
8.00
x = h (assumed for beam shear)
be =
in.
bm =
16.25
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
w=
in.
be =
23.36
be = bm+(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
a=
in.
Vd =
Vd = 0, as beam shear capacity of form deck alone is neglected
Mnw =
3.18
kips
Ac =
69.00
Ac = hd*((2*rw(avg)-rw)+rw)/2+(h-hd)*(Pitch+(2*rw(avg)-rw))/2
Muw =
in.^2
Vc =
Vc =
7.42
2*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000
kips
Vnt =
Vnt = Vd + Vc <= 4*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*Ac/1000
10.60
-Ma =
kips
Vu =
4.82
Vu = 1.4*(0.60*w(DL)/1000*L)+1.7*(P*12/be)
Vu <= Allow., O.K. d =
kips
fs =
Shear and Negative Moment Interaction for Concentrated Load:
fs(used) =
S.R. = (Vu/Vnt)^2+(Mu/(-Mno))^2
S.R. =
0.418
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.
s2(max) =
Punching Shear for Concentrated Load:
bo =
41.00
bo = 2*(b2+b3+2*tc)
in.
Vc =
Vc =
26.45
2*0.85*SQRT(f'c*1000)*bo*tc/1000
kips
Vu =
8.50
Vu =1.7*P
kips
Deflection for Concentrated Load:
n=
8
fr =
0.474
ksi
kd = 1.0850 in.
Ig = 216.00 in.
Mcr =
2.85
ft-kips/ft.
Ma =
2.09
ft-kips/ft.
Icr =
36.30
in.^4
Ie = 216.00 in.^4
(P) = 0.01037 in.
(ratio) = L/6940

(prov) =
Vu <= Allow., O.K.1 =
b =
b(max) =
n = Es/Ec = 29000/(33*wc^1.5*SQRT(f'c*1000)/1000), rounded
As(max) =
fr = 7.5*SQRT(f'c*1000)
(prov) =
kd = (SQRT(2*d1*(b/(n*As1))+1)-1)/(b/(n*As1))
1 =
Ig = 12*tc^3/12
b =
Mcr = (fr*Ig/(tc/2))/12
b(max) =
+Ma = 0.094*w(DL)/1000*L^2+0.20*P*L*(12/be)
Icr = b*kd^3/3+n*As1*(d1-kd)^2
As(max) =
Ie = (Mcr/Ma)^3*Ig+(1-(Mcr/Ma)^3)*Icr <= Ig
(P) =
0.0146*P*(12/be)*L^3/(Ec*Ie) (Ec=Es/n)
(ratio) = L*12/(P)

Weak Axis Moment for Concentrated Load:


A'c =
72.00
A'c = 12*tc
in.^2
Ast(min) =
0.054
Ast(min) = 0.00075*A'c
in.^2/ft.
x=
36.00
x = (L*12)/2 (assumed for bending)
in.
bm =
16.25
bm = b2+2*t(top)+2*tc
in.
be =
40.25
be = bm+4/3*(1-x/(L*12))*x <= be(max)
in.
w=
40.25
w = (L*12)/2+b3 <= L*12
in.
a=
0.294
a = Ast1*Fy/(0.85*f'c*b) where: b = 12"
in.
Mnw =
Mnw = (0.90*As*Fy*(d2-a/2))/12
4.37
ft-kips/ft.
Muw =
0.57
Muw = (1.7*(P*be*12/(15*w)))/12
ft-kips/ft.

Ast >=Ast(min), O.K.

Muw <=Allow., O.K.

Crack Control (Top Face Tension Reinf. Spacing Limitations) per ACI 318-99 Code:
-Ma =
1.22
-Ma = (0.117*w(DL)/1000*L^2)+(0.117*w(LL)/1000*L^2)
ft-kips/ft.
fs =
15.36
fs=12*Ma/(As2*d*(1-((2*As2/(b*d)*n+(As2/(b*d)*n)^2)^(1/2)-As2/(b*d)*n)/3))
ksi
fs(used) =
15.36
fs(used) = minimum of: 'fs' and 0.6*fy
ksi
s2(max) =
28.13
s2(max) = minimum of: (540/fs(used))-2.5*(d2-0.25) and 12*36/fs(used)
in.

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3
(continued)

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3

Concentrated Load Distribution for Slab on Metal Deck

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"DECKSLAB.xls" Program
Version 1.3

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