You are on page 1of 1

Base Transciever Station (BTS)

The BTS is a telecoms infrastructure used to facilitate wireless communication between


subscriber device and telecoms operator network. The subscriber device can be mobile phone,
wireless internet devices while the operator network could be a GSM, CDMA or TDMA
platform.
A typical BTS comprises of a Transceiver (TRX) which handles transmission and reception of
signals; sending and reception of signals to or from higher network entities, a Combiner which
Combines feeds from several TRXs so that they could be sent out through a single antenna thus
reducing the number of antennas that need be installed, a Power amplifier which aids in signal
amplification from TRX for transmission through the antenna, a Duplexer which is used for
separating sending and receiving signals to or from the antenna and an Antenna which is an
external part of the BTS.
The BTS equipment are usually housed in a shelter which protects the telecoms equipment from
external conditions such as dust, corrosion, rust, theft etc.
The shelter thus comprises of the BTS equipments already mentioned, an air conditioner which
is used to cool the space as a result of the heat generated by the equipment, a battery bank that
supplies the equipment with electrical power and security lights.