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TASK 2: CHALLENGE

Problem 1
HOST IP ADDRESS: 172.30.1.33
NETWORK MASK: 255.255.255.0
1. TRANSLATE HOST IP ADDRESS AND NETWORK MASK INTO BINARY
NOTATION
Firstly, we must change the host IP address to a binary number. I will show
you the way to change it below. It is the easy way.
Change 172 to binary number
We must multiply number 2 until it reach the number 128.
20 = 1
21 = 2
23 = 4
24 = 8
25 = 16
26 = 32
27 = 64
28 = 128
Then do 8 columns to represent the coloured number.
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0

12
8
64
32
16
8
4
2
1

When we change 172 to binary number, we must subtract the 172


using
the coloured number until the last answer is 0.

172
- 128
44
- 32
12
8
4
4
0

If you used the coloured number in the box


when you subtract, you write number 1. But if
you dont use the coloured number, you write
number 0.
And the final answer is 10101100
You just repeat this step to the next decimal
number to change it into binary number.
The answer for the IP address is
10101100.00011110.00000001.00100001
The answer for subnet mask is
11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000

2. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNET BITS


By counting the number of host bits, we can determine the total number
of subnet bits for this network.
SUBNET S IS THE NUMBER ONE IN
SUBNET MASK:
11111111.11111111.11111111.00
000000
Subnet bits=8

3. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNETS


The way to calculate the subnet is by using this formula:
Subnets = a
2a = b
Example:
Subnets =8
28 = 256

4. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF HOST BITS PER SUBNET


By counting the number of host bits, we can determine the total number
of subnet bits for this network.
SUBNET S IS THE NUMBER ZERO
IN SUBNET MASK:
11111111.11111111.11111111.00
000000
Host bits=8

5. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF USABLE HOST PER SUBNET


2a = b
b 2 = answer#
28 = 256
= 256 2
= 254#
6. DETERMINE THE SUBNET ADDRESS FOR THIS IP ADDRESS

Arrange the binary notation of the IP address and the binary notation of
the network mask like the following below

10101100.00011110.00000001.00100001 (IP address)


11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000 (Subnet mask)
= 10101100.00011110.00000001.00000000 (Subnet address)
172
.
30
.
1
.
0
(Subnet address
from binary to decimal)

NOTES:
First method
1 AND 1 RESULTS IN A 1, 0
AND ANYTHING RESULTS IN A
0
Second method
1 MULTIPLE BY 1 THE ANSWER
IS 1, AND IF 1 MULTIPLE BY 0
THE ANSWER IS 0

7. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF FIRST HOST ON THIS SUBNET


To determine the IP address of first host, you just change the last number
in subnet address to 1
10101100.00011110.00000001.00000000 (subnet address)
10101100.00011110.00000001.00000001 (first host)
=
172
.
30
.
from binary to decimal)

(after changed

8. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF LAST HOST ON THIS SUBNET

To determine the IP address of last host, you just invert the last number
eight in first host
10101100.00011110.00000001.00000001 (first host)
10101100.00011110.00000001.11111110 (last host)
=
172
.
30
.
from binary to decimal)

254

(after changed

9. DETERMINE THE BROADCAST ADDRESS FOR THIS SUBNET


To determine the IP address of first host, you just change the last number
in last host to 1
10101100.00011110.00000001.11111110 (last host)
10101100.00011110.00000001.11111111 (broadcast address)
=
172 .
30
.
from binary to decimal)

255

(after changed

Add this information to the table:


Host IP Address
Subnet Mask
Number of Subnet Bits
Number of Subnets
Number of Host Bits per Subnet
Number of Usable Hosts per Subnet
Subnet address for this IP address
IP address of First Host on this
Subnet
IP address of Last Host on this
Subnet
Broadcast Address for this Subnet

172.30.1.33
255.255.0.0
8
256
2
254
172.30.1.0
172.30.1.1
172.30.1.254
172.30.1.255

Problem 2
HOST IP ADDRESS: 172.30.1.33
NETWORK MASK: 255.255.255.252
1. TRANSLATE HOST IP ADDRESS AND NETWORK MASK INTO BINARY
NOTATION
IP address 172.30.1.33 = 10101100.00011110.00000001.00100001
Network mask 255.255.255.252 =
11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100
2. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNET BITS
Subnet bits: 14 (subnet mask =
11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100)

3. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNETS


Subnets =14
214 = 16384
4. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF HOST BITS PER SUBNET
Subnet bits: 2 (subnet mask =

11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100)

5. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF USABLE HOST PER SUBNET


22 = 4
=42
= 2#
6. DETERMINE THE SUBNET ADDRESS FOR THIS IP ADDRESS
10101100.00011110.00000001.00100001 IP address

X 11111111. 11111111. 11111111. 11111100 Subnet Mask


= 10101100 .00011110 .00000001. 00100000 Subnet Address
= 172
.
binary to decimal)

30

32

(changed from

7. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF FIRST HOST ON THIS SUBNET


=10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 000000 00 (Subnet Address)
=10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 001000 01 (1ST Host) (changed from
0 to 1)
=
172
.
30
.
1
.
32
(changed from binary to
decimal)

8. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF LAST HOST ON THIS SUBNET


=10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 000000 01 (1st Host IP Address)
=10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 001000 10 (Last Host IP Address)
=
172
.
30
.
1
.
34
(changed from binary to
decimal)

9. DETERMINE THE BROADCAST ADDRESS FOR THIS SUBNET


=10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 111111 10

(Last Host IP Address)

=10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 001000 11


Address)

(Broadcast

=
172
.
30
.
(changed from binary to decimal)

35

Add this information to the table


Host IP Address
Subnet Mask
Number of Subnet Bits
Number of Subnets
Number of Host Bits per Subnet
Number of Usable Hosts per Subnet
Subnet address for this IP address

172.30.1.33
255.255.255.252
14
16384
2
2
172.30.1.32

IP address of First Host on this


Subnet
IP address of Last Host on this
Subnet
Broadcast Address for this Subnet

172.30.1.33
172.30.1.34
172.30.1.35

Problem 3
HOST IP ADDRESS: 192.192.10.234
NETWORK MASK: 255.255.255.0
1. TRANSLATE HOST IP ADDRESS AND NETWORK MASK INTO BINARY
NOTATION
IP ADDRESS:
192.192.10.234 =
1100000.11000000.00001010.11101010
NETWORK MASK:
255.255.255.0 =
11111111.111111111.11111111.00000000
2. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNET BITS
Subnet bits: 8 (subnet mask 11111111 .11111111 .11111111.
00000000)

3. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNETS


Subnets =8
28 = 256
4. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF HOST BITS PER SUBNET
Subnet bits: 8 (subnet mask
11111111.11111111.11111111.000000000)

5. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF USABLE HOST PER SUBNET


28 = 256
= 256 2
= 254#
6. DETERMINE THE SUBNET ADDRESS FOR THIS IP ADDRESS
11000000 .11000000 .00001010 .11101010 IP address
11111111 .11111111 .11111111 .00000000 Subnet Mask
11000000 .11000000 .00001010 .00000000 Subnet Address
= 192
decimal)

192

10

(changed from binary to

7. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF FIRST HOST ON THIS SUBNET


=11000000 .11000000 .00001010 .00000000
Address)

(Subnet

=11000000 .11000000 .00001010 .00000001 (1ST Host) (changed from


0 to 1)
=
192
.
192
.
10 .
1
(changed from binary to
decimal)

8. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF LAST HOST ON THIS SUBNET


=11000000 .11000000 .00001010 .00000000

(1st Host IP Address)

=11000000 .11000000 .00001010 .11111110


=
192
.
192
.
10 .
254
decimal)

(Last Host IP Address)


(changed from binary to

9. DETERMINE THE BROADCAST ADDRESS FOR THIS SUBNET


=11000000 .11000000 .00001010 .00000000

(Last Host IP Address)

=11000000 .11000000 .00001010 .11111111

=
192
.
192
.
(changed from binary to decimal)
Add this information to the table

10

(Broadcast Address)

255

Host IP Address
Subnet Mask
Number of Subnet Bits
Number of Subnets
Number of Host Bits per Subnet
Number of Usable Hosts per Subnet
Subnet address for this IP address
IP address of First Host on this
Subnet
IP address of Last Host on this
Subnet
Broadcast Address for this Subnet

192.192.10.234
255.255.255.0
8
256
8
254
192.192.10.0
192.192.10.1
192.192.10.254
192.192.10.255

Problem 4
HOST IP ADDRESS: 172.17.99.71
NETWORK MASK: 255.255.0.0
1. TRANSLATE HOST IP ADDRESS AND NETWORK MASK INTO BINARY
NOTATION
IP ADDRESS:
172.17.99.71 =
10101100.00010001.01100011.001000111 NETWORK MASK:
255.255.0.0
= 11111111.111111111.00000000.00000000
2. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNET BITS
Subnet bits: 0 (subnet mask
11111111.11111111.00000000.00000000)

3. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNETS


Subnets =0

20 = 1
4. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF HOST BITS PER SUBNET
Subnet bits: 16 (subnet mask
11111111.11111111.00000000.000000000)

5. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF USABLE HOST PER SUBNET


216 = 65536
= 65536 2
= 65534#
6. DETERMINE THE SUBNET ADDRESS FOR THIS IP ADDRESS

10101100 .00010001 .01100011 .001000111 IP address


11111111 .11111111 .00000000 .00000000 Subnet Mask
10101100 .00010001 .00000000 .00000000 Subnet Address
= 172
decimal)

17

(changed from binary to

7. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF FIRST HOST ON THIS SUBNET


=10101100 .00010001 .00000000 .00000000 (Subnet Address)
=10101100 .00010001 .00000000 .00000001 (1ST Host) (changed from 0
to 1)
=
172
.
17
.
0
.
1
(changed from binary to
decimal)

8. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF LAST HOST ON THIS SUBNET


=10101100 .00010001 .00000000 .00000001

(1st Host IP Address)

=10101100 .00010001 .11111111 .11111110 (Last Host IP Address)


=
172
.
17
.
255
.
254 (changed from binary to
decimal)

9. DETERMINE THE BROADCAST ADDRESS FOR THIS SUBNET

=10101100 .00010001 .00000000.11111110

(Last Host IP Address)

=10101100 .00010001 .11111111 .11111111 (Broadcast Address)

=
172
.
17
.
(changed from binary to decimal)

255

255

Add this information to the table


Host IP Address
Subnet Mask
Number of Subnet Bits
Number of Subnets
Number of Host Bits per Subnet
Number of Usable Hosts per Subnet
Subnet address for this IP address
IP address of First Host on this
Subnet
IP address of Last Host on this
Subnet
Broadcast Address for this Subnet

172.17.99.71
255.255.0.0
0
1
16
65536
172.17.99.0
172.17.99.1
172.17.255.254
172.17.255.255

Problem 5
HOST IP ADDRESS: 192.168.3.219
NETWORK MASK: 255.255.255.0
1. TRANSLATE HOST IP ADDRESS AND NETWORK MASK INTO BINARY
NOTATION
IP ADDRESS:
192.168.3.219 =
11000000.10101000.00000011.11011011
NETWORK MASK:
255.255.255.0 =
11111111.111111111.11111111.00000000
2. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNET BITS

Subnet bits: 8 (subnet mask


11111111.11111111.111111111.00000000)

3. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNETS


Subnets =8
28 = 256
4. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF HOST BITS PER SUBNET
Subnet bits: 8 (subnet mask 11111111.11111111.
11111111.000000000)

5. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF USABLE HOST PER SUBNET


28 = 256
= 256 2
= 254#
6. DETERMINE THE SUBNET ADDRESS FOR THIS IP ADDRESS
11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .11011011 IP address
11111111 .11111111 .11111111 .00000000 Subnet Mask
11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .00000000 Subnet Address
= 192
decimal)

168

(changed from binary to

7. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF FIRST HOST ON THIS SUBNET


=11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .00000000
Address)

(Subnet

=11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .00000001 (1ST Host) (changed from


0 to 1)
=
192
.
168 .
3
.
1
(changed from binary to
decimal)

8. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF LAST HOST ON THIS SUBNET

=11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .00000001

(1st Host IP Address)

=11000000 .10101000 .00000011.11111110 (Last Host IP Address)


=
192
.
168 .
3
.
254 (changed from binary to
decimal)

9. DETERMINE THE BROADCAST ADDRESS FOR THIS SUBNET


=11000000 .10101000 .00000011. 11111110

(Last Host IP Address)

=11000000 .10101000 .00000011. 11111111


Address)

=
192
.
168 .
(changed from binary to decimal)

(Broadcast

255

Add this information to the table


Host IP Address
Subnet Mask
Number of Subnet Bits
Number of Subnets
Number of Host Bits per Subnet
Number of Usable Hosts per Subnet
Subnet address for this IP address
IP address of First Host on this
Subnet
IP address of Last Host on this
Subnet
Broadcast Address for this Subnet

Problem 6
HOST IP ADDRESS: 192.168.3.219
NETWORK MASK: 255.255.255.252

192.168.3.219
255.255.255.0
8
256
8
254
192.168.3.0
192.168.3.1
192.168.3.254
192.168.3.255

1. TRANSLATE HOST IP ADDRESS AND NETWORK MASK INTO BINARY


NOTATION
IP ADDRESS:
192.168.3.219 =
11000000.10101000.00000011.110110 11
NETWORK MASK:
255.255.255.0 =
11111111.111111111.11111111.111111 00

2. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNET BITS


Subnet bits: 14 (subnet mask
11111111.11111111.111111111.11111100)

3. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF SUBNETS


Subnets =14
214 = 16384
4. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF HOST BITS PER SUBNET
Subnet bits: 2 (subnet mask 11111111.11111111. 11111111 .
000000000)

5. DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF USABLE HOST PER SUBNET


22 = 4
=42
= 2#
6. DETERMINE THE SUBNET ADDRESS FOR THIS IP ADDRESS
11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .110110 11 (IP address)
11111111 .11111111 .11111111 .111111 00 (Subnet Mask)
= 11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .110110 00 (Subnet Address)
= 192
.
168
binary to decimal)

216

(changed from

7. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF FIRST HOST ON THIS SUBNET

=11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .110110 00


Address)

(Subnet

=11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .110110 01 (1ST Host) (changed from


0 to 1)
=
192
.
168 .
3
.
217
(changed from binary to
decimal)

8. DETERMINE THE IP ADDRESS OF LAST HOST ON THIS SUBNET


(1st Host IP Address)

=11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .110110 01

=11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .110110 10 (Last Host IP Address)


=
192
.
168 .
3
.
218
(changed from binary
to decimal)

9. DETERMINE THE BROADCAST ADDRESS FOR THIS SUBNET


=11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .11011010

(Last Host IP Address)

=11000000 .10101000 .00000011 .11011011 (Broadcast Address)

=
192
.
168
from binary to decimal)

218

(changed

Add this information to the table


Host IP Address
Subnet Mask
Number of Subnet Bits
Number of Subnets
Number of Host Bits per Subnet
Number of Usable Hosts per Subnet
Subnet address for this IP address
IP address of First Host on this
Subnet
IP address of Last Host on this
Subnet
Broadcast Address for this Subnet

192.168.3.219
255.255.255.252
14
16384
2
2
192.168.3.216
192.168.3.217
192.168.3.218
192.168.3.219