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Todays Parsha #23: Pekudei (These are the expenses)


PART 1: THE LAST AND CURRENT TORAH PORTIONS
ANSWERS TO LAST WEEKS STUDY QUESTIONS (Vayakhel):
1) Why is the specific commandment about the Shabbat given again in Exodus 35 when
it has already been given three times previously to this same group of people? (This is
in contrast with Deuteronomys passages on the same matter, which are given to the
next generation after the Exodus.)
The reason was this was in the wake of the Golden Calf debacle, and for those who
survived the initial wrath of Abba YHWH, their loyalties were still in question. Abba
YHWH said He wanted to kill them all, but Moshe interceded which minimized those
deaths. That fact, in turn, means that just because a person survived, didnt mean
they were totally innocent. But if those survivors were going to make it through the
next 40 years, they had to prove their worth, and so Abba YHWH reminds them of
the Shabbat again, as He will remind them of other regulations for them to obey, to
see if they will actually try to keep His covenant.
2) How are details in the construction of the Ark of the Covenant directly related to the
name of its craftsman, Betzalel?
One important detail is that the Ark of the Covenant and its poles are made of
acacia wood on the inside (Exodus 25, 37 and Deuteronomy 10). This material is
also used throughout the Tabernacle. In its natural state, acacia wood grows
shaped like a kind of gnarled umbrella. Betzalels name literally means in the
shadow of El and the wood used to build the Ark also creates a shadow from El
in its natural state!
3) How is another design aspect of the Ark of the Covenant repeated during an
important Gospel event?
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He made a mercy seat of pure gold, two and a half cubits long and one and a half
cubits wide. 7 He made two cherubim of gold; he made them of hammered work at
the two ends of the mercy seat; 8 one cherub at the one end and one cherub at the
other end; he made the cherubim of one piece with the mercy seat at the two ends. 9
The cherubim had their wings spread upward, covering the mercy seat with their
wings, with their faces toward each other; the faces of the cherubim were toward the
mercy seat. (Exodus 37:6-9 NAU)
(Joh 20:11) But Maryam was standing at the tomb and weeping, and while she wept
she peeked in the grave. (Joh 20:12) And she saw two Messengers clothed in white
who were sitting, one at his pillow and one at the foot of the bed, where the body of
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Y'shua had lain. (Joh 20:13) And they said to her, "Woman, why do you weep?" She
said to them, "Because they have taken my Master and I do not know where they
have laid him." (Joh 20:14) She said this and she turned her head around and saw
Y'shua standing behind her. And she did not know that it was Y'shua.
So these men/angels are laying at the head and foot of Yshuas burial bench. The
bench and the angels are mimicking the mercy seat as through the EMPTY bench, the
resurrection shows the ultimate mercy being dispended from Abba YHWH to the
human race, if they will embrace both Torah and Messiah Yshua.
4) Why would Solomon contract work for building the Temple out to a pagan king?
Because Hiram actually has Israelitish blood, descended partly from Napthali. There
is no evidence of him bowing down to idols. In fact, the text suggests the opposite
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When Hiram heard what Solomon had said, he was delighted. 'Now blessed be
Yahweh,' he said, 'who has given David a wise son to rule over this great people! (1
Kings 5:21 NJB)
13

King Solomon sent for Hiram of Tyre; 14 he was the son of a widow of the tribe of
Naphtali, but his father had been a Tyrian, a bronze worker. He was a highly
intelligent craftsman, skilled in all types of bronze work. He came to King Solomon
and did all this work for him. (1 Kings 7:13-14 NJB)
So this is a brother in the faith and almost a brother by blood. There could hardly
have been a better nearby partner for Solomon to work with for building Abba
YHWHs Temple!
5) What does Hirams choice of worker that he sends to Solomon tell us about his
contacts that is surprising?
One would expect that Solomon, not Hiram, would have access to the best of Danite
craftsmen. Instead, Hiram apparently has closer ties with the Danites and the
craftsman comes to Solomon via Hirams orders.
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I am now sending you a skilled and intelligent man, Huram-Abi 13 the son of a
Danite woman by a Tyrian father. He knows the arts of working in gold, silver,
bronze, iron, stone, wood, scarlet, violet, fine linen and crimson materials, and is
competent to carry out any kind of engraving and to execute any design which may
be entrusted to him, in collaboration with your skilled men and those of my lord
David, your father. (2 Chronicles 2:12-13 NJB)
AND NOW FOR THIS WEEKS PORTION
1) Meaning of this weeks Torah portion and summary of contents:

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Pekudei means these are the records/expenses and the portion opens with giving
the pricing values for the materials that will be used in the Tabernacle. Many exacting
physical (and spiritual) details are given for all the wondrous objects and the
Tabernacle. But after all these long lists (from this portion and the previous ones) we
finally get to the payoff in lovely chapter 40. It is in chapter 40the last of
Exodusthat time literally begins again as the priests begin their official service for
Israel.

Eleh fekudey haMishkan Mishkan ha'edut asher pukad al-pi Moshe


avodat haLevi'im beyad Itamar ben-Aharon hakohen.
2) Read Parsha (English-Exodus 38:21-40:38). Play by Play commentary where
appropriate.
3) Point out key Hebrew words/terms. Color Commentary:

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ELEH FEKUDEY HA-MISHKAN MISHKAN HA-EDUT ASHER PUKAD AL-PI


MOSHE AVODAT HA-LEVIIM BE-YAD ITAMAR BEN-AHARON HA-KOHEN
(38:21) = These are the accounting numbers of the Tabernaclethe Tabernacle of the
Testimonywhich were calculated by the order of Moshe by the Levites under
Ithamar, the son of Aaron the priest. Two things: First, the term PEKUDEY would
be equivalent today to the modern idea of expense accounts, the record of materials
and their cash value that are involved. Second, it is very significant in a mystical
sense that we have HA MISHKAN MISHKAN, the doubling of the word for
tabernacle. That doubling side by side is an amplifier in Hebrew, and hints at two
Mishkanot, an earthly one and a heavenly one that gave the pattern to it!
KOL HA-ZAHAV HE-ASUY LA-MELECHAH BE-CHOL MELECHET HAKODESH VAYEHI ZEHAV HA-TNUFAH TESHA VEESRIM KIKAR USHEVA
MEOT USHLOSHIM SHEKEL BE-SHEKEL HA-KODESH (38:24) = All the gold
was used in the work to complete the sacred task. The amount of gold donated as a
wave offering was 29 talents and 730 shekels by the sanctuary standard. A talent
equals 3000 shekels, so this is a total of 87,730 shekels, or 4386.5 pounds of gold.
BEKA LA-GULGOLET MACAHTSIT HA-SHEKEL BE-SHEKEL HA-KODESH
LE-CHOL HA-OVER AL-HA-PKUDIM MIBEN ESRIM SHANAH (38:26) =
which was a half shekel by sanctuary standards, for each of the 603,550 men over 20
years old included in the census. So many modern scholars assume the text uses
arbitrary or inflated figures, but they ignore stuff like this. Here we see exactly how
many half shekels were collected which corresponds to exactly the right number of
men 20 years and older!
Another reason why this detail matters has to with certain assumptions by modern
scholars. One of my very favorite Egyptologists is a man named Sir William Flinders
Petrie. In my mind, hes a rock star who discovered more things relating to the
historical Exodus than a bunch of others put together.
Flinders Petrie, and later his assistant Ms. Lena Eckenstein, did foundational work
digging in the Sinai Peninsulawork that recently helped me pinpoint the location of
Mount Sinai itself.
In any case heres my point: In his 1906 book Researches in the Sinai, Flinders Petrie
suggests that the 2 million population figure is neither literal nor mythological, but
that the numbers needed to be understood in a different way. He suggested that if a
number were given that was say 35,223 from the tribe of Asher, that the way to break
the number down was to say there were 35 families that were spread about in 223
tents. When the revised accounting was completed, Flinders Petrie concluded that the
real number of Israelites freed was between 5,000-6,000 people. He claimed this
solved a whole bunch of logistical problems and made the Torah text more
historically credible.

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Of course, this only created new problems, such as the double accounting given in
the above Scripture that X shekels equaled Y people which matched the previous
total! It also doesnt explain why Pharaoh would be so scared of only 5,000 Israelites
being more numerous than a half a million Egyptians that were around at that time or
why he needed to send out 600 chariots against such a small force and so on.
So by trying to address one problem, even the best of the good guys only end up
creating more problems than they had in the first place!
VAYAAS ET-HA-EFOD ZAHAV TECHELET VE-ARGAMAN VE-TOLAAT
SHANI VE-SHESH MOSHEZAR (39:2) = He made the ephod out of gold [thread],
sky-blue, dark red and crimson wool, and twined linen. As we saw last week, it is HE
MADE and not IT WAS MADE. This means either Moshe or Betzalel once again did
this work personally.
KFELOT ASU LO CHOVEROT AL-SHNEY KETSOTAV CHUBAR (39:4) = they
made shoulder pieces for it sewn to its two corners. Philo has fascinating commentary
about how these items relate to the Universe:
133

The high priest, then, being equipped in this way, is properly prepared for the
performance of all sacred ceremonies, that, whenever he enters the temple to offer
up the prayers and sacrifices in use among his nation, all the world may likewise
enter in with him, by means of the imitations of it which he bears about him, the
garment reaching to his feet, being the imitation of the air, the pomegranate of the
water, the flowery hem of the earth, and the scarlet dye of his robe being the
emblem of fire; also, the mantle over his shoulders being a representation of
heaven itself; the two hemispheres being further indicated by the round emeralds
on the shoulder-blades, on each of which were engraved six characters equivalent
to six signs of the zodiac; the twelve stones arranged on the breast in four rows of
three stones each, namely the logeum, being also an emblem of that reason which
holds together and regulates the universe. (On Moses, 2:133)
And in a very interesting twist Philo, who was actively writing during Yshuas ministry,
seems to have anticipated themes in the yet to be written Renewed Covenant writings
about Messiah:
134

For it was indispensable that the man who was consecrated to the Father of the
world, should have as a paraclete [Greek word for advocate, sometimes used to
point to the Ruach haKodeshAGR1], his son, the being most perfect in all virtue,
to procure forgiveness of sins, and a supply of unlimited blessings; 135 perhaps,
also, he is thus giving a previous warning to the servant of God, even if he is
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However, in Aramaic this same word appears to be derived from two separate words that collectively
mean he who ends the curse. As a result, if this somehow got loaned out to the Greek, Philo may be
expressing the original usage where paraclete refers to the Son of Yah/Messiah and not to the Ruach ha
Kodesh who comes after the Son goes away. Philo here is clearly linking the one who ends the curse with
the son of the Creator.

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unable to make himself worthy of the Creator, of the world, at least to labor
incessantly to make himself worthy of the world itself; the image of which he is
clothed in, in a manner that binds him from the time that he puts it on, to bear about
the pattern of it in his mind, so that he shall be in a manner changed from the nature
of a man into the nature of the world, and, if one may say so (and one may by all
means and at all times speak the plain truth in sincerity), become a little world
himself. (On Moses, 2:134-135)
RAVUA HAYAH KAFUL ASU ET-HA-CHOSHEN ZERET ORKO VE-ZERET
ROCHBO KAFUL (39:9) = The breastplate was made to be a square when folded over. It
was a span long, and when folded over, a span wide. This is yet another detail that was
not included in the earlier reference to the same item, Exodus 28:16. The breastplate was
folded over WIDTH-wise not length-wise!
VAYAAS ET-MEIL HA-EFOD MAASEH OREG KELIL TECHELET (39:22) = He
made the robe for the ephod, weaving it completely out of sky-blue, which is a detail not
mentioned in Exodus 28:31. Thats another extra detail!
VAYAASU AL-SHULEY HAMEIL RIMONEY TECHELET VEARGAMAN VETOLAAT SHANI MOSHEZAR (39:24) = On the skirt of the robe, they made
pomegranates out of twined sky-blue, dark red and crimson wool. Anyone care for
another extra detail not given before? See Exodus 28:33!
VA-TECHEL KOL-AVODAT MISHKAN OHEL MOED VAYAASU BENEY
YISRAEL KECHOL ASHER TSIVAH YAHWEH ET-MOSHE KEN ASU (39:32) =
All the work on the Communion Tent Tabernacle was thus completed. The Israelites did
exactly as Yahweh had commanded Moses. I love the rabbinic tradition on this point!
They say, through careful studying of the clues in the text that the Tabernacle pieces were
all finished on 25 Kislevthe future Hanukkah. Of course, we also know from Exodus
40:2 that the Tabernacle itself is not built with all these pieces in the proper places until 1
Abib the next year, or Friday, March 28th, 1446 BCE.
KECHOL ASHER TSIVAH YAHWEH ET-MOSHE KEN ASU BENEY YISRAEL ET
KOL HA-AVODAH (39:42) = The Israelites had done all the work exactly in the manner
that Yahweh had commanded Moses. From which point it naturally follows that what the
Israelites had produced was IDENTICAL to the pattern that Moshe saw on the mountain
and therefore, a mirror image of what was in the mind of Father YHWH and present in
the heavenly Tabernacle.
Special Note on Exodus 40:1-2:
Moshe is erecting the Tabernacle on Friday morning, March 28th, 1 Abib, 1446 BCE.
Because Abba YHWH is commanding a total of 8 days continuous service (Leviticus 89), including this Friday morning and afternoon (Exodus 40:13-15), the 8 day ordination
of Aarons sons as priests will begins this day and will fill out that whole week until the
next Shabbat as follows:
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Day 1morning of Abib 1 (Friday)


Day 2morning of Abib 2 (Shabbat)
Day 3morning of Abib 3 (Sunday)
Day 4morning of Abib 4 (Monday)
Day 5morning of Abib 5 (Tuesday)
Day 6morning of Abib 6 (Wednesday)
Day 7morning of Abib 7 (Thursday)
Day 8morning of Abib 8 (Friday)
Friday night the priests are ready to serve as they will throughout the ages to come.
However, Shabbat morning, Nadab and Abihu offer the unauthorized fire and die on 9
Abib. Sunset that day is the start of 10 Abib, the day the Israelites originally set aside the
Pesach lamb for slaughter. Also it may be Nadab and Avihu were not supposed to offer a
particular kind of fire on the Shabbat, and therefore it counted as work and were killed
for that reason.
This is also the best documented time in the Torah. The events of Abib 1 through 12 are
recorded, in part or in total, in Exodus 40, Leviticus 1-10 and Numbers 1-9!
VE-LAKACHTA ET-SHEMEN HA-MISHCHAH U-MASHACHTA ET-HAMISHKAN VEET-KOL ASHER BO VE-KIDASHITA OTO VEET KOL KELAV
VE-HAYAH KODESH (40:9) = Take the anointing oil, and anoint the tabernacle and
everything in it. You will thus sanctify it and all its equipment making it Set-Apart. This
is a key detail because without this anointing process for all the items here as well as for
the sons of Aaron themselves, no priestly service would be permitted by Abba YHWH.
This timing is not just almost a year since the Exodusits the precise timing from the
Exodus itself in SOLAR terms that Abba YHWH acts as High Priest that first year, from
the first day of spring in 1447 BCE to the first day of spring in 1446 BCE, at which point,
the very next Shabbat, is 1 Abib. Similarly, many of Yshuas miracles coincide with
these same alignments of the solar year.
VA-YITEN ET-HA-SHULCHAN BE-OHEL MOED AL-YERECH HA-MISHKAN
TSAFONAH MICHUTS LA-PAROCHET (40:22) = He placed the table in the
Communion Tent, outside the cloth partition, on the north side of the Tabernacle. So we
see here that the Communion Tent, a.k.a. Tent of Meeting (OHEL MOED), is just outside
the Kadosh Kadoshim, the last outer area before we get to the inner sanctum of the Ark of
the Covenant.
Note on 40:30-31: Notice here that no distinction is being made between what Moshe is
doing and what Aaron and his sons are doing. As a result, Rashi and other leading
authorities have concluded that Moshe was functioning as a priest along with the others
and not as a Levite with lower status. I concur, but only wish to add that Moshe in other
respects has powers/access to Father Yah that no one else, including high priest Aaron,
especially when it comes to knowing Father Yah face to face (Deuteronomy 34:10)!

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VE-LO YACHOL MOSHE LAVO ET-OHEL MOED KI-SHACHAN ALAV HEANAN UCHEVOD YAHWEH MALE ET-HA-MISHKAN (40:35) = Moshe could not
come into the Tent of Meeting since the cloud had rested on it and the glory of Yahweh
filled the Tabernacle. This seems to be a good metaphor for our own faith walk today
since Father YHWH is said to tabernacle in our hearts and be with us. As a result,
when He dwells inside us fully, its just like Moshe in this situation, there is no room for
the human-carnal self to dwell beside Him! The more we get our sinful selves out of the
way, the more we can make room for Father Yah.
Near is He who declares Me right. Who would contend with Me? Let us stand
together. Who is My adversary? Let him come near Me. See, the Master
helps Me. Who would declare Me wrong? See, all of them wear out like a
garment, a moth eats them. Who among you is fearing , obeying the voice
of His Servant, that has walked in darkness and has no light? Let him trust
in the Name of and lean upon his Elohim! See, all you who light a fire,
girding on burning arrows: walk in the light of your fire and in the burning arrows
you have lit. From My hand you shall have this: you shall lie down in grief!
(Isaiah 50:8-11, The Scriptures 1998)
(Joh 17:21) That all of them may be One; as You my Father are in me and I
in You, that they also may be One in Us, that the world may believe that You
have sent me. (Joh 17:22) And the glory that You have given to me I have given
to them that they may be One as we are One. (Joh 17:23) I in them and You in
me, that they may be perfected into One and that the world may know that You
have sent me, and that You have loved them as also You have loved me. (Joh
17:24) Father, those whom You have given to me, I desire that where I am
they might also be with me that they might see my glory that You have given to
me because You have loved me from before the foundations of the world.
(AENT)

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Special Follow-up Teaching:


Fun with Pesach Part 3: The Quiz About the Quiz!

Please Note: For more information on the timelines, please see the two timeline
charts at the end of this teaching!
Shalom all. When I did the Fun with Pesach quiz last week I had absolutely no idea a
sequel was in the works, but many of you made sure it was with your excellent questions.
The good news is: I received an overwhelming response with folks having enthusiastic
questions and comments!
And the not so good news is: I received an overwhelming response with folks having
enthusiastic questions and comments! But please dont get me wrongI was and am
very grateful for the level of interest this quiz generated, as I hoped it would, in contrast
to a typical lecture.
The only thing was, it was the will of the people that kind of forced me to change my
plans for this week, and very soon, I will be writing the 2016 Pesach Special on top of it!
So the question I imagine some of you may have is, why answer these questions now?
Why not just incorporate the answers into the special teaching?
The answer is, because if I do that it will be too late for many of the people who wrote
these questions to me. You see, a majority of these questioners run fellowships for other
believers to attend. So, if I dont answer their questions now, they have no time to plan,
so I have to get the proverbial house in order before the chag! And, as it also turned out,
the one getting quizzed now was me.
All that said, there still remained my firm belief in the Member Q&A process i.e. that if
one person has a question others also likely do, so how much more is that idea true when
I get many of these questions? In fact, some of these questions I did not even have time to
answer back individually, so I am doing them here, in no particular arrangement, theme
or order. Here we go!
Shalom Brother Andrew,
Planning for Pesach, a couple of questions:
1. Am I correct in saying Y'shua's execution was on Wednesday 3/23 and resurrection on
Shabbat 3/26?
2. If resurrection is on Shabbat what is a good and proper way to add celebration of
resurrection to the Shabbat service? Thank you! Blessings to you!
My response back:
Shalom Brother...sorry but I have another opinion about that. Y'shua is alive all day on
the 14th of Abib (Matt. 26:17, Mark 14:12-15, Luke 22:7-9) as the earliest time they
could slaughter and prepare the lamb and the earliest possible time to have "the first day
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of the feast of unleavened bread" are the same date--the 14th of Abib--which in Y'shua's
death year of 30 CE was a Wednesday. I know folks have a hard time accepting this and
it takes a while to explain, but yes, Y'shua died on the 15th, a High Shabbat (John 19:31),
because the Romans did not give a rip about whether the Jews were having a feast or not
and they ran the whole show.
Resurrection Day in all 4 Gospels is not just "first day of the week", but John 20:1 makes
it clear the women set out while it was still dark, but near dawn (the dead of night was
dangerous for women to go out without a male escort) and the sun rose on the way, at the
moment of resurrection and the earthquake marked it (Mark 16:2-9). That is why Messiah
could not rise on a Saturday night and I know Wed-Sat is a popular HR alternative to FriSun in the church but I have to disagree with it due to Scripture, a small amount of
Talmud and astronomy that yields the right dates.
And for this year the calendar days just happen to be matching the days of the week that
the washing of the feet, the "Last Supper", crucifixion and resurrection occurred in 30
CE. Relating to our secular calendar, the concordances are...
Abib 13 late afternoon to start of the 14th, when the apostles feet are washedTuesday,
March 22nd (evening)
Abib 14 [Last Supper/Seder just before and into the 15th, the start of FULB]Date this
year, 2016: Wednesday, March 23rd
Abib 15 (early hours overnight, date this year, 2016: Thursday, March 24tharrest and
various sham trials.
Abib 15 (dawn to 6 PM, date this year, 2016: Thursday, March 24th)condemned by
Pilate, crucified and buried before sunset.
Abib 16/Bikurrim or First-Fruits (Date this year, 2016: daylight period of Friday, March
25th)priests and Pharisees place seal on tomb.
Abib 17 (Friday sunset to Saturday sunset. Date this year, 2016:March 26th-27th)the
women rest "according to the commandment", i.e. the 4th, the weekly Shabbat.
Abib 18 (dawn on Sunday, March 28th)Qyemteh d'Maran (the resurrection of our
Master/Resurrection Day)
Please note that the only difference in 30 CE was simply that our Gregorian calendar
dates were different, not the Hebrew dates or the days of the week they happened on. For
your reference, the Gregorian dates for these events in 30 CE are April 2nd -7th. Can you
imagine my surprise when I learned the solar day of his resurrection was my birthday and
the 2000th anniversary of that event will hit on the day I turn 66 years old, Father Yah
willing if I am still here?

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As to how that translates into Pesach liturgy, I would need to think on that. I did deal with
it extemporaneously in the seder I did last year and would also need to see my notes for
the times I referred to this timeline. Again sorry that I am in a position here that is not
popular and is somewhat controversial, but I have to where the evidence and the Ruach
leads, popular or not. Hope this helps! Andrew
Hello Andrew. In your Bonus Teaching Fun With Pesach, Part 2 you say that only 1
lamb is slain on the 14th of Aviv. Exodus 12:3 reads as follows: Speak to the whole
community of Israel and say that on the tenth of this month each of them shall take a
lamb to a family, a lamb to a household (JPS). (Emphasis ours)
Josephus says So these high priests, upon the coming of their feast which is called the
Passover, when they slay their sacrifices, from the ninth hour till the eleventh, but so that
a company not less than ten belong to every sacrifice (for it is not lawful for them to feast
singly by themselves), and many of us are twenty in a company, found the number of
sacrifices was two hundred and fifty-six thousand five hundred; ... (Jewish Wars
6.9.3). (Emphasis ours)
From the above citations, it is apparent that more than one lamb was killed on the 14th of
Aviv. Josephus states that some 256,500 lambs were killed in the Temple during
Passover at the time of his writing. We would appreciate your thoughts and comments on
this.
So I wrote back and said this:
Shalom...yes but that's what exactly what I am saying. There is one lamb slain per group
on the 14th of Abib. Technically 12:3 talks about SELECTING a lamb on the 10th, but
not KILLING it. The selection of the lamb on the 10th was only at Exodus; all other
references in Scripture have the 1 lamb per group slain on the 14th. I am pretty sure I did
NOT say in the notes or on the vid that it was one lamb PER PERSON, Hope this
helps! Andrew
Then they wrote back again and said:
Hello Andrew,
Your response undoubtedly raises the question: From 15th to 21st Aviv does EACH
group offer 7 lambs per day OR are 7 lambs offered by the WHOLE congregation of
Israel each day?
Incidentally, if you read our former email carefully, in NO WAY were we asserting that
ONE LAMB PER PERSON was slain, NOR were we saying that you said so either. Also,
we are fully aware about the Israelites SELECTING the lamb on the 10th of Aviv and
KILLING it on the 14th of Aviv as per Exodus 12. Our citation of Exodus 12:3 was to
establish that it was 1 lamb per household or group and NOT 1 lamb for the whole
congregation of Israel. Evidently, 1 lamb per household or group was the practice during
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the 1st Century CE since Josephus estimates that 256,500 lambs in total were slain by the
households or groups on 14th Aviv (Jewish Wars 6.9.3). Shalom.
My answer:
Thanks again for following up! Actually, I think we are kind of saying the exact same
thing but in different terms. I was actually agreeing with what you were asking and
saying about the lambs on the 14th being slain per household.
The numbers Josephus gives are important. In addition to the 256,500 he mentions and
which you quote above as the total number of lambs, he also says in that same line that
the total amount of people who constituted a household eating those lambs was
2,700,200 persons that were pure and Set-apart. Simple division yields an average
household of 10.53 people, which also matches what Josephus said a little earlier as
well.
Sorry that your citation of Exodus 12:3 and its intended focus or purpose was not clear to
me. Understand please that I get a lot of these emails and often this verse is used to
prove that the 14th allegedly was not the time to KILL the lamb, when of course it is, so
that was what I responded to. There have been many that thought Exodus 12:3 proves a
Last Supper on the 13th, or at least not having to be on the 14th, so when the intent was
not clear, thats what I kind of went with.
I apologize once more for being premature there. It is also due to the vagueness of some
translations that talk of taking that lamb, which equates in the minds of some killing
the lamb even though a line or two later that latter idea is proven incorrect.
As for your other question, the same procedureexcept for 7 year old lambs without
blemishapplies for the remaining 7 days. It is again per household and not per the
entire congregation of Israel that a total of 49 more lambs are killed per group averaging
about 10 people each. Such is clear I believe from these passages of Scripture, first, with
respect to the households as described with Josiahs Pesach:
And Yoshiyahu gave the lay people lambs and young goats from the flock, all for
Passover offerings for everyone present, to the number of thirty thousand, and
three thousand cattle these were from the sovereigns possessions. And his
leaders contributed a voluntary offering to the people, to the priests, and to the
Lwites. Hilqiyah, and Zekaryahu, and Yehil, leaders of the House of Elohim,
gave to the priests for the Passover offerings two thousand six hundred, and
three hundred cattle; and Konanyahu, his brothers Shemayahu and
Nethanl, and Hashabyahu and Yeil and Yozabad, chiefs of the Lwites,
gave to the Lwites for Passover offerings five thousand, and five hundred
cattle.

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And the service was prepared, and the priests stood in their places, and the
Lwites in their divisions, according to the command of the sovereign, and they
slaughtered the Passover.
And the priests sprinkled out of their hands, while the Lwites were skinning.
And they removed the burnt offerings, to give them to the divisions of the fathers
houses of the lay people, to bring to , as it is written in the Book of Mosheh,
and the same with the cattle. So they roasted the Passover offerings with fire
according to the right-ruling, and they boiled the set-apart offerings in pots, and in
cauldrons, and in bowls, and brought them speedily to all the lay people. And
afterward they prepared for themselves and for the priests, because the
priests, the sons of Aharon, were offering burnt offerings and fat until night.
So the Lwites prepared for themselves and for the priests, the sons of Aharon.
And the singers, the sons of Asaph, were in their places, according to the
command of Dawid, and Asaph, and Hman, and Yeduthun the seer of the
sovereign. And the gatekeepers at each gate did not have to leave their position,
because their brothers the Lwites prepared for them.
And all the service of was prepared that day, to perform the Passover
and to offer burnt offerings on the altar of , according to the command of
Sovereign Yoshiyahu. And the children of Yisral who were present
performed the Passover at that time, and the Festival of Unleavened Bread
for seven days. (2 Chronicles 35:7-17, The Scriptures 1998; see also Luke 2:4150)
And then the Scripture confirms this idea in a more general fashion, about the number
and timing of the lambs slain:
And in the first month, on the fourteenth day, is the Passover of , and on the
fifteenth day of this month is a festival. For seven days unleavened bread is eaten.
On the first day is a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work. And you shall
bring near an offering made by fire as a burnt offering to : two young
bulls and one ram, and seven lambs a year old, perfect ones they are for you,
and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil. Prepare three-tenths of an
phah for a bull, and two-tenths for a ram. (Numbers 28:16-20, The Scriptures
1998)
And Josephus concurs, putting it this way:
249

The feast of unleavened bread succeeds that of the passover, and falls on the
fifteenth day of the month, and continues seven days, wherein they feed on
unleavened bread; on every one of which days two bulls are killed, and one
ram, and seven lambs. Now these lambs are entirely burnt, besides the kid of the
goats which is added to all the rest, for sins; for it is intended as a feast for the
priest on every one of those days. (Antiquities, 3:249)
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Okay, moving on to the next series:


Dear Jaye & Andrew,
I met with my two friends today for Shabbot and we watch your Torah portion when we
get together and study and midrash after wards. We are all fairly new in the "Hebraic
Roots" coming out of various "Christian denominations". There were a couple of things
we are still confused on and hope you can clarify please. On question #3 the answer is
false that Pesach and Feast of Unleavened Bread are interchangeable.
However scripture you gave such as in Mk. 14:12 Lk. 22:7- 9 it states Now on the first
day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread the disciples drew near to Y'shua and said to him,
"where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Paskha? You stated on video that
Paskha is the Passover lamb & the Sedar which is the 14th.
Now if those days are NOT interchangeable and your calendar does say the Feast of
Unleavened Bread is the next day the 15th of Abib then how can the meet the day after
Paskha to ask Y'shua where to prepare for the meal that should take place the night
before?
My answer:
Shalomthank you for writing. You may recall I also asked for folks to keep the notes
available while I taught because the questions were worded very precisely. For the first
question, what the notes said and what I said was:
The terms Pesach and Feast of Unleavened Bread are always
interchangeable and refer to the same exact thing. TRUE or FALSE?
As I indicated in the answer section (page 16), what made the answer FALSE was the
word "always interchangeable", and I mentioned on the video that sometimes in the NT
Pesach was interchangeable with Feast of Unleavened Bread and sometimes Pesach only
referred to the 14th. So because it wasn't ALWAYS the case, the statement was false.
The same person then asks the next question:
The second question is we all have the understanding based on scripture when the
Israelites left Egypt and they slaughter the lamb on the 14th of Abib putting the blood on
the door post and heading out on the 15th in the night. We have all been taught Y'shua
was and should be the 1st lamb slain and should be on Pesach/Passover and not killed on
the 15th which is also a High Shabbot which is against what Torah teaches. Thank you
for any clarification.
And heres my answer:

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As for the second issue, there were many lines of evidence that proved Y'shua was alive
all day on the 14th--and multiple scriptures were used throughout the notes (Matthew
26:17, Mark 14:12, Luke 22:7-9) that told us the disciples asked "where can we prepare
the Pesach lamb" on the "first day of unleavened bread" which in context must be the
14th. They would not have had the lamb sacrificed (which they had to do before
"preparing" it) earlier than the 14th and the 15th, which is a High Shabbat, is called "a
high day" in John 19:31.
That phrase in John 19:31 is about the day that currently is ending and NOT about the
day that is coming. And it can't be Friday because it violated the 3 day/3 night
requirement in Matthew 12:40 (comp. to Jonah 1:17). I realize this is not what is usually
taught...but I do feel the Scripture supports what I am saying, along with other historical
sources that help the Scripture and Biblical astronomy.
Finally we talked about in the notes and on the video why there were 50 passover lambs,
and they were all identical. They were all male lambs without blemish a year old. There
is absolutely no evidence that Y'shua had to be ONLY that first passover lamb because as
I said that timing is not in the Scripture. John 18:28 though tells us the Pharisees had not
eaten their lamb even 12 hours after the Galileans had the previous evening.. This was
because of the Talmud, not the Torah, as we also explained. Hope this helps! Andrew
This answer though usually brings up the following question from the same person:
Hi Andrew,
Yes that all helps. Yes we all had our notes in front of us, but I think because so much is
new to us and we are still sorting through, we get lost easily. When your answer was
FALSE to the ALWAYS we then went to the NEVER interchangeable which gave us the
problem.
My comment here: Its okaythese types of questions used to trip me up all the time
when I was younger. It took a while for me to realize that while the OPPOSITE of
always is NEVER, the FALSITY of always is simply NOT always, which can include
never. Moving on
So that is cleared up along with Y'shua not having to be the first slain lamb on the 14
Pesach, but when I was questioning you about Y'shua being slain late the 15th that being
a High Shabbot my question was wouldn't that be against Torah law because of doing
something like that on a high Shabbot, knowing He had to be taken down before sunset
and prepared for burial all that is work on a Set Apart Day. I wasn't disputing the 3 days
or 3 nights. Just trying to understand Torah in regards to what is right on a Set Apart day.
I certainly appreciate all your study and time and most of all your challenges for us to
study also. Sometimes though as in this case, I have had a difficult time making heads or
tails of what I'm studying if it's right or wrong.

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Also, its interesting- we came up with the idea that Torah was broken and it didn't matter
because the Romans were in charge, however we weren't sure about that because
scripture said the Romans were afraid to seize Y'shua on the 14th Pesach because it was
the feast and they were concerned about an uproar with the Jews. So this has been a great
study. Again thank you so much for your time. Yah Bless.
And I said this:
Shalom. You are welcome. You might want to look at though Matthew 26:3-5 and Mark
14:1-2. In both places it was NOT the Romans who were worried about a riot, but the
Jewish leadership, and well they should have been, because as Caiaphas accurately
predicted, "If we let him go on like this the Romans will come and take away our place
and our nation". So at no time were the ROMANS scared of riots in the streets. In fact,
they probably would have enjoyed it, thinking it little more than target practice. Andrew
And heres how I answered the exact same question from another person:
The Sanhedrin did an ILLEGAL trial of Y'shua. Not only were they not supposed to meet
on Shabbat, they were not supposed to convene a capital case at night when many
members would be sleeping or unavailable. In fact, the violations of the Sanhedrin were
so egregious that while we were in Israel my publisher and I heard from people who
know folks on the Sanhedrin and they said to us that the new Sanhedrin is considering
condemning the old one for the mishandling of the Y'shua case, that they violated both
Torah and Oral Law also.
It may be hard to come to grips with this, but the reality is that Oral Law superseded
Torah observance in 1st century Israel. Torah commanded, to give just one example, that
the Pesach-14th lamb must be eaten or consumed by daybreak on the 15th. Pesachim
6:4--with details backed up in John 18:28--proved that the Pharisees disregarded Torah
and extended the deadline to the 15th at sunset. Technically speaking, they allowed the
lamb roasted as the 14th was ending to be eaten as the 15th was ending when Torah
required a SEPARATE lamb be sacrificed then.
The Sanhedrin was NOT Torah observant and Y'shua said so on many occasions
(Matthew 15:2-3, Mark 7:7-8, John 5:45-47, 7:19). As Y'shua said, "Moshe gave you the
Torah yet not one man among you keeps it."
The other issue remains that Matthew 26:17 clearly states in all translations that the
Feast of Unleavened Bread had already started or, to be more precise, that the day on
which the Passover offering was given had already begun, the 14th. Take care! Andrew

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And BTW, trust me when I tell all of you, this was just a sampling of the questions I got,
not just for Fun with Pesach per se but with calendar questions in general, for such is
the case always at this time of year, but I am happy to help where I can!

Yeshua washes
disciples feet (late 13th
to early 14th)

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Torah Question of the Week:


How do we understand the notion of the sons of Aaron as perpetual priests in
light of the language of Hebrews 7-9, that the old ways were disappearing?
END PART 1

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PART 2: THE HAFTORAH


Torah Question of the Week:
How do we understand the notion of the sons of Aaron as perpetual priests in
light of the language of Hebrews 7-9, that the old ways were disappearing?
We begin by understanding that the need for a mediator is eternal. In the beginning,
individuals were their own priests doing sacrifices to mediate with YHWH. Then we had
Melchizedek as the first priestly line in Genesis followed by the sons of Aaron in Exodus.
Prophetically speaking, these two priestly lineages are meant to toggle for power. In the
end, through Yshua, the Malki-Tzedek line is reinstated but the sons of Aaron get to do
sacrifices in the New Temple as a remembrance. Hence, the role of the Levites never
goes away.
1) Haftorah portion (English- 1 Kings 7:51-8:21) and discuss common themes with the
Torah portion.

Vatishlom kol-hamelachah asher asah hamelech Shlomoh beyt Yahweh


vayave Shlomoh et-kodshey David aviv et-hakesef ve'et-hazahav ve'ethakelim natan be'otserot beyt Yahweh.
2) Our linguistic commentary starts in 1 Kings 8:1.
Recently we spoke of the meaning of Sinai (thorny) and how it related to so many things
in the Israelite journey as well as in our Mashiyachs life. But there is another name for
this mountain mentioned here that we should look at.
Horeb actually means waste, another description of the harshness of its area but
perhaps also a foreshadowing of the waste that happens there when, after Moshe comes
down from the mount, the Israelites are worshipping the golden calf!
Last week we saw one interesting phrase for innermost (penimi, from panim, face), now
we have another very sweet play on words. 1 Kings 8:6 uses the phrase al devri ha
baytliterally place of words or place of speaking! How appropriate!
The question of course is, is it a place of words, in the sense of the tablets of the Ten
Words being housed in the Ark and the Ark is brought there? Or is it a place of speaking
because in that place the high priest can hear Abba YHWH speak to him on the one day a
year he is allowed in? Or is it both?
3) Renewed Covenant portion: (English) Acts 1:1-14, read straight through with all
relevant footnotes.
4) Highlight common themes in Aramaic:

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Knyshim = assembled= Knesset = synagogue. They were assembling according


to Jewish practice.
Sholtana, rendered here as authority can also refer to power. This word
would become sultan in Arabic.
Notice the order of places they will witness to. First in Jerusalem, then all of Yehuda,
then Samaria and then the ends of the earth. The Word is literally going forth from Zion!
Since Galilee is from the word galil, meaning revelation it is interesting how in 1:9
these Galilean men get a revelation from their Galilean Master and then have their eyes
HIDDEN after Yshua goes into a cloud. In Hebrew cloud is Shekinah, the Presence of
Abba YHWH. Furthermore the cloud receives him, with the word for receive
QABELTEH, from where we get KABALLAHfor the Shekinah to take him to.
Acts 1:2
Shlichim "sent ones" or "emissaries" sent to proclaim the Kingdom of Elohim and
represent the Name of YHWH and His Mashiyach.
Acts 1:3
Yshua began appearing the 3rd day after his death and then forty days thereafter.
Therefore, a total of only seven days remains from Mashiyach's ascension, until the Feast
of Shavuot.
Acts 1:7
Here the Aramaic naphshah is rendered as "Person." Naphshah is usually rendered as
"soul/self" when relating to humans. The Hebrew cognate, nefesh, also specifically refers
to the life-force in humans and animals (Gen_2:7). When referring to YHWH, however,
the majority use in Aramaic is the word parsopa, which is more accurately linked to the
divine presence or Shekhinah. The possibility here of referring to "YHWH's soul" as this
verse implies, is nonetheless very intriguing.
Acts 1:12
Greek reads "Sabbaton echo hodos," or "a Sabbath day's journey" rather than "seven
furlongs." Yoseph ben Matthias, a.k.a., Josephus (The Jewish War, 5.2.3) also notes the
distance between Mt. Olives and Yerushalayim, indicating the disciples lived very close
to the Temple in this manner: "These (Roman) legions had orders to encamp at the
distance of six furlongs from Jerusalem, at the mount called the Mount of Olives which
lies over against the city on the east side, and is parted from it by a deep valley,
interposed between them, which is named Cedron." Greek readers would not likely
equate seven furlongs to the maximum distance of travel permitted on Shabbat, see
Exo_16:29. The Shabbat day's journey, t'chum, points to how time is to be invested on
Shabbat, in local participation rather than travel. Six days we go, but on Shabbat we stay
and rest in YHWH, along with those He has gathered. We welcome the Ruach haKodesh
20 | P a g e

as a Chavurah (close knit people), a Mishpocah (family), a Kedoshim (set-apart people)


who take joy together with the Spirit of YHWH and His Mashiyach. The Shabbat is a
forever remembrance. The "Shabbat day's journey" was beautifully recorded here in
Greek for non-Jewish followers of Mashiyach. Throughout the Book of Acts, we read of
multitudes of non-Jewish followers of Y'shua worshipping on Shabbat with Jewish
followers, and this continued for nearly 400 years, although on a much smaller scale. In
the latter part of the First Century, the Hellenized Christian church began to take root and
replace with Sunday worship the Shabbat that Y'shua and the Shlichim clearly observed.
Early in the Second Century, all-Gentile churches with Gentile motif were being
established, thus making the "Sabbath day's journey" irrelevant among a majority of
Christians.
5) Apply these themes/issues to modern issues in the Netzari faith. (Every time I see
mention of the half shekel tax I am reminded at how rich and poor must pay the same
amount not because Abba YHWH necessarily loves a flat tax but because no one
should think their soul being ransomed is either less or more important than anyone
elses. This is a good lesson to keep in mind in our modern world which increasingly
wants to separate us from our common worth and into other categories that put one
person over another. It was wrong for Pharaoh to enslave us; it is even worse for us to reenslave ourselves through excessive timidity about our ultimate worthiness to Abba
YHWH and to each other.)
Torah Thought for the Week:
The Teaching of the Colors
In this Torah portion we see the one place where the order of blue, purple, crimson, fine
twisted linen is altered. When we come to the ephod, the color gold is added to the
beginning of this list. I have expanded on this teaching of the colors a few times and each
time a lot of you have told me you really like being reminded of this detail when it comes
around.
What I ended up deciding though was also in part inspired by One Tree, Three Branches,
in that it was a teaching I had for a while before, but it took on new meanings and layers
of teaching as I went and re-told it. And so it was, that I have opted to expand on this
original teaching rather than replace it. So lets get started then with my original
observations and take it from there.
Last week we saw that the color code of these materials spoke to Yshuas path of
righteousness (blue-tekhelet), agraman (purple-royalty), crimson (shedding his blood on
the stake) and fine twisted (white) linen (his purity and restoration at the resurrection).
We also saw a parallel between the frankincense and myrrh bought by the wise men to
his birth, to that which he was anointed with for his death, with both of these tying
together (pun intended) to the aromatic spices used by the priests. Whew! Thats a
mouthful!

21 | P a g e

But what about the other gift Yshua got as a baby? What about the gold? Well here we
see the one place the gold is added to the colors of threads for the ephod that goes on the
priests. This is meant to foreshadow the birth of our High Priest Yshua who also got the
gift of gold and went in to the heavenly sanctuary to make atonement for us once and for
all.
Then in Exodus 39:6 we are told the gold frames are used to hold in place the stones
representing the tribes of Israel. That gold is literally a kind of binding tie of all the tribes
to their One King from Judah, our Mashiyach! And this is even more strongly attested to
in the next line of 39:7, where it says, and they were set on the shoulder pieces of the
ephod as stones of remembrance for the Israelites as YHWH had commanded Moshe.
What a beautiful picture that the remembrance of the Israelite is tied to her future
foreshadowing of who that gold thread of the ephod is ultimately meant to be! This is
also demonstrated by the use of pomegranates from all these colored yarns.
Pomegranates can come in a range of shades, including a naturally reddish-purple
(royalty) to something approaching crimson in color (blood) and their leaves form a
crown that when pressed in forms a Star of David! Right after that description, Exodus
39:27-29 brings us back to the fine twisted linen againso we start with gold or blue but
end always in white, the color of purity, restoration and resurrection!
But lets continue in this description a bit longer and see how it also applies to Yshua!
39:30 tells us the next itema diadem of gold literally fit for a king! And on that diadem
is a Hebrew phrase: kadesh lYahwehSet-Apart unto YHWHas Yshua certainly is
as King of Kings! The phrase is on what the text calls a frontlet which is similar to the
prayer boxes pious Orthodox Jews today use to put on their forehead. This frontlet is
attached by blue tekhelet cord to the mitre or turban. In the case of the high priest, that
turban has the name of Yahweh inscribed on it as well.
After these images, we get the Tabernacle and its items described. Tabernacle is
mishkan which also means to live among us. Such is confirmed by the appearance of
theThe Ark of the Covenant, reminding us of Yshua as Immanuel (El is with us). The
Tent of Meeting is mentioned next, reminding us of the word MOED (meeting) and that
Yshua kept the Moedim of the Shabbat and Great Feasts.
Tanned ram skins come next, along with the bread of Presence (I am the Bread from
heaven) and the Menorah (I am the light of the world) and the oil, which in another
Hebrew word is for anointing, Mashiyach. In this Hebrew word SHEMEN it reminds us
of a Place of Oil, GETH-SHEMEN-E (Gethsemenae)!
Is it any wonder then that our next image, after Mashiyach is handed over at
Gethsemanae would in fact be an altar of gold?

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From there the second set of witnesses come. Now we have the actual anointing oil
(Mashiyach) mentioned by name, along with the aromatic incense which is related to his
nativity gifts as we saw earlier.
Then, after all that, we end up again in the Tent of Meeting where we keep the appointed
times our Father has set and follow his Sons example. So much of Yshua is revealed
here in what might seem to the uninformed to just be a laundry list of objects and
furniture.
It was at this point last year that I ended the original Torah Thought for the Week on this
subject, but now the time has come to go even deeper into this truth. For one thing, we
should recall the prophecy given by Amos
For look, I shall give the command and shall shake out the House of Israel among
all nations as a sieve is shaken out without one grain falling on the ground. All
the sinners of my people will perish by the sword, who say, 'Disaster will never
approach or overtake us.' On that Day, I shall rebuild the tottering hut
[ruined/fallen tabernacleAGR] of David, make good the gaps in it, restore its
ruins and rebuild it as it was in the days of old, for them to be master of what is
left of Edom and of all the nations once called mine -Yahweh declares, and he
will perform it. The days are coming- declares Yahweh- when the ploughman
will tread on the heels of the reaper, and the treader of grapes on the heels of the
sower of seed, and the mountains will run with new wine and the hills all flow
with it. I shall restore the fortunes of my people Israel; they will rebuild the ruined
cities and live in them, they will plant vineyards and drink their wine, they will
lay out gardens and eat their produce. And I shall plant them in their own soil and
they will never be uprooted again from the country which I have given them,
declares Yahweh, your God. (Amos 9:9-15 NJB)
The tabernacle of David was for both kingdoms of Judah and Israel, but the Northern
Tribes have not yet fully returned. The wider imagery of course is also that all Gentiles
either return to their original Israelite tribe allotment if they were of that line originally
even if they dont know it, YHWH does. Or, that they graft to Judah, taking hold of the
tzit-tzit of the Judahite we call Yshua the Mashiyach. Either way, all will come under his
rulethere is to be one king and one shepherd over all of them (Ezekiel 37:24-28).
But this isnt the only place Amos ties his prophecy in with the Teaching of the Colors.
Amos is one of those folks who may not get a lot of credit for tons of Messianic
prophecy like Yeshayahu or Yiremeyahu does, but the fact is, when Amos does talk
about the Mashiyach, he does so with a level of detail and precision that other prophets
would truly envy. Let me share this bombshell of a prophecy with you, one that I didnt
even see myself until fairly recently
Yahweh has sworn by the pride of Jacob, 'Never will I forget anything they have
done.' Will not the earth tremble for this and all who live on it lament, as it all
rises together like the Nile in Egypt, it swells and then subsides like the Egyptian
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Nile? 'On that Day- declares the Lord Yahweh- I shall make the sun go down at
noon and darken the earth in broad daylight. I shall turn your festivals into
mourning and all your singing into lamentation; I shall make you all wear
sacking round your waists and have all your heads shaved. I shall make it
like the mourning for an only child, and it will end like the bitterest of days.
'The days are coming- declares the Lord Yahweh- when I shall send a famine on
the country, not hunger for food, not thirst for water, but famine for hearing
Yahweh's word. People will stagger from sea to sea, will wander from the
north to the east, searching for Yahweh's word, but will not find it. 'That Day,
fine girls and stalwart youths will faint from thirst. The people who swear by the
Sin of Samaria, who say, "Long live your god, Dan!" and "Hurrah for the
pilgrimage to Beersheba!" will all fall, never to rise again.' (Amos 8:7-14 NJB)
I think these linkages are obvious, but lets make them beyond clear anyway.
I shall make the sun go down at noon and darken the earth in broad daylight.
Now from the sixth hour [NOON] there was darkness over all the land until the
ninth hour. (Matthew 27:45)
I shall turn your festivals into mourning and all your singing into lamentation; I
shall make you all wear sacking round your waists and have all your heads
shaved.
A multitude of people was coming after him, and women who were wailing and
mourning for him. And Yshua turned and said to them, Daughters of Urishlim,
do not cry for me but cry for yourselves and for your children. For behold the
days are coming in which they say, Blessed are the barren and the wombs that
have not given birth and the breasts that have not nursed. Then you will begin to
say to the mountains, Fall upon us! and to the heights, Cover us! For if to the
green wood they do these things, what will happen to the dry? (Luke 23:27-31AENT)
I shall make it like the mourning for an only child, and it will end like the bitterest
of days.
Because Torah was given through Moshe, but truth and grace through Yshua
who is the Mashiyach. Man has not ever seen Elohim. The Only Begotten of
Elohim, he who is in the bosom of his Father, he has declared Him. (Yochanan
1:17-18-AENT)
'The days are coming- declares the Lord Yahweh- when I shall send a famine on
the country, not hunger for food, not thirst for water, but famine for hearing
Yahweh's word. People will stagger from sea to sea, will wander from the north
to the east, searching for Yahweh's word, but will not find it. 'That Day, fine girls
and stalwart youths will faint from thirst.
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And Yshua said, A little time again I am with you, and I will go to Him who
sent me. And you will seek me and you will not find me, and where I am you are
not able to come. And the Yehudeans said among themselves, Where is this
man about to go that we cannot find him? Why indeed is he about to go to the
countries of the Gentiles and teach the pagans? What is this teaching which he
said that You will seek me and you will not find me, and where I am you are not
able to come? Now on the great day which is the last of the feast, Yshua was
standing, and he cried out and said, If a man thirsts, let him come to me and
drink. Anyone who believes in me as the Scriptures have said, rivers of living
water will flow from his belly. And this he said concerning the Spirit that they
were about to receive, those who believe in him. For the Spirit was not yet given
because Yshua was not yet glorified. (Yochanan 7:33-39-AENT)
The people who swear by the Sin of Samaria, who say, "Long live your god,
Dan!" and "Hurrah for the pilgrimage to Beersheba!" will all fall, never to rise
again.'
And he left Yehuda and arrived at Galeela again. 4. But he had to pass through
Shamria. And he came to a city of Shamria, which is called Shekar on the side of
a field that Yaakov had given to Yosip his son. And there was there a spring of
water that had belonged to Yaakov, and Yshua was tired from the effort of the
road. And he sat on the well, and it was the sixth hour.
Then a woman came from Shamrin to draw water and Yshua said to her, Give
to me water to drink. For his disciples had entered into the city to buy food for
themselves. That Samaritan woman said to him, How is it you are a Yehudean,
and you ask from me to drink, for I am a woman Samaritan? For Yehudeans do
not have social dealings with the Samaritans.
Yshua answered and said to her, If only you had known the gift of Elohim, and
who this is who said to you, Give to me to drink, you would have asked him and
he would have given you living waters.
That woman said to him, My Master, you have no bucket and the well is deep.
Where are your living waters? Why are you greater than our father Yaakov who
gave us this well and from it drank his sons and his sheep?
Yshua answered and said to her, All who drink from these waters will thirst
again. But everyone who drinks from the waters that I give to him will not thirst
forever. But those waters that I give to him will become in him a spring of water
that will spring up into life that is eternal.
That woman said to him, My Master, give to me from these waters that I will not
thirst again, nor have to come and draw from here. Yshua said to her, Go call
your husband and come here.
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She said to him, I have no husband. Yshua said to her, You have said well
that I have no husband.. For you have had five husbands, you! And the one that
you have now is not your husband. This you have spoken is true.
That woman said to him, My Master, I see that you are a prophet. Our
forefathers worshipped in this mountain, and you say that in Urishlim is the place
that it is necessary to worship.
Yshua said to her, Woman believe me, the hour is coming that not in this
mountain nor in Urishlim will they worship the Father. You worship something
that you do not know. But we worship what we know, for life is from the
Yehudeans. But the hour is coming, and now is when the true worshippers will
worship the Father in spirit and in truth, indeed. For the Father, He seeks
worshippers as these. For Elohim is Spirit, and those who worship, they must
worship Him in spirit and in truth. That woman said to him, I know that the
Mashiyach is coming, and when he comes, he will teach us everything.
Yshua said to her, I am the one speaking with you. (Yochanan 4:4-26-AENT)
In short, Amos was fulfilled to the letter. Amos stands also roughly at the halfway point
between Moshe and Yshua, learning from the imagery of the past and seeing clearly the
glory of the futureour future!
This what we are supposed to see and do as Bereans and believerssee the
interconnected tapestry of YHWHs promises to us as they develop from the earliest to
the latest parts of His Word, because in the end, we are going to have to decide truly
whose side we are on
Blessed are they who do His (Master YHWHs) Mitzvot, that they may have a
right to the tree of life and may enter through the gates into the city. Without (will
be) dogs and sorcerers, and whoremongers and manslayers and idolaters, and
everyone that loves and does falsehood. I Yshua have sent my Messenger to
testify to you these things before the assemblies. I am the root and offspring of
Dawid: like the splendid star of the morning. And the Spirit and the bride say,
You come. And let him that hears, say, You come. And let him who thirsts,
come; and he that is inclined, let him take the living water freely. I testify to
everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book, that if anyone will
add to them, Elohim will add to him the plagues that are written in this book. And
if anyone will take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, Elohim will
take away his portion from the tree of life and from the Set Apart city, which are
described in this book. He who testifies these things, says: Yes, I come quickly(
suddenly). Amen. Come, Master Yshua!. The grace of our Master Yshua the
Mashiyach (be) with all the Set Apart believers. Amen. (Revelation 22:14-21AENT)

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CHAZAK, CHAZAK VE-NIT-CHAZAK! (Strong, strong and may we be strengthened!)


Im Andrew Gabriel Roth and thats your Torah Thought for the Week!
Next week, we will be exploring the first portion of Leviticus or Vayikra, from 1:1-6:1.
Our Haftorah portion will be the amazing testimony in Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 43:21 44:23,
and our Renewed Covenant portion will be Romans 8:1-13 where what some may view
as a scathing rebuke of the Torah ends up being one of the most eloquent defenses for it
ever written! Stay tuned!

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