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722.

9 Automatic Transmission

Tech 331, 722.9 (F,hayward),1/27/04

Objectives
?

To know the advantages and Features of the


722.9 transmission

To identify new components

To understand maintenance concerns

To know location / function of major components

To explain shift members

To explain electronics

Features 722.9
h

Electronically controlled 7-speed

Seven forward and two reverse gears

Fully integrated transmission control unit (Flash capable)

Torque converter operates in open or slip mode in all seven


forward gears

Gear ratios are achieved with four multi disc brakes and three
multi disc clutches (no free-wheeling units)

2 simple and 1 ravigneaux gear set

Advantages
?

Improved shift comfort/driving pleasure


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Quicker shifts 0.1 2.5 seconds

37 to 74 mph times shortened by between 23% and 28%

Reduce fuel consumption (up to 4%)

Reduce maintenance cost

Increased service life and reliability

Flexible adaptation to vehicle and engine

Driver can choose between S and C mode


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Transmission Designation
Transmission
722. 9 01
Version, e.g. matching to the respective engine
Sales designation
Automatic transmission for passenger cars

Sales Designation
W 7 A 700
Max. input torque in NM
Version (internal)
Number of forward gears
Hydraulic torque converter
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Transmission Fluid
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The 722.9 transmission requires a newly developed transmission


fluid. MB part number A001 989 45 03
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Higher friction constancy

Higher thermal stability

Improved temperature behavior

Lifetime fill

Can be used in 722.3 / .4 / .5 / .6

Must be used in 722.9

Major Components (7 G-Tronic)

Major Components Legend


1. Park pawl gear
2. Turbine wheel
3. Stator
4. Impeller
5. Transmission housing ventilation
6. Oil pump
7. B1 multi-disk brake
8. K1 multi-disk clutch
9. Ravigneaux gear set
10. B3 multi-disk brake
11. K2 multi-disk clutch
12a. Front simple planetary gear set
12b. Rear simple planetary gear set

13. BR multi-disk brake


14. K3 multi-disk clutch
15. B2 multi-disk brake
16. Torque converter lockup clutch
17. Torque converter housing
18. Exciter ring for torque measurement
19. Ring magnet for torque measurement
20. Ring magnet for torque measurement
21. Electro hydraulic control unit
22. Range selector lever

Transmission Housing

Magnesium housing (lighter weight) requires aluminum bolts


any aluminum bolt must be replaced if removed!
No power tools
Adhere to angle torques
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Ravigneaux Gear Set


Advantages of ravigneaux gear set
Shifting under load
Production of several gear ratios
Constant engagement of gearing
Easier reversal of rotational direction
High efficiency
Compact construction
Combines 2 simple planetary gear sets
into one unit

1.
2.
3.
4.

Short planetary gear


Long planetary gear
Sun gear
Planetary gear carrier

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Multi-disk Clutch/Brake
Transferable power of multi-disk clutch increased
Friction disks of K1, K2 and K3 now have
single-sided friction disks
Cost advantage
Less installation space required
Higher load capability
Lower mass

1.
A.
B.

Friction lining on one side of metal carrier


Metal carrier outer disk
Metal carrier inner disk

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Fully Integrated Transmission


Control

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Fully Integrated Transmission


Control Legend
11
21b
21c
21d
31
32
Y3/8
Y3/8n1
Y3/8n2
Y3/8n3
Y3/8n4

Plug connection
Valve body
Intermediate panel
Shift housing
Float 1
Float 2
Electric control module
Turbine rpm sensor
Internal rpm sensor
Output rpm sensor
Transmission control
unit
Y3/8s1 Selection range sensor

Y3/8y1
Y3/8y2
Y3/8y3
Y3/8y4
Y3/8y5
Y3/8y6
Y3/8y7
Y3/8y8

Working pressure control solenoid valve


K1 clutch control solenoid valve
K2 clutch control solenoid valve
K3 clutch control solenoid valve
B1 brake control solenoid valve
B2 brake control solenoid valve
B3 brake control solenoid valve
Torque converter lockup clutch
control solenoid valve

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Electronic Transmission Control


Unit Inputs
Monitors and shifts transmission based on:
Vehicle speed
Vehicle load
Accelerator position
Selector lever position
Electronic selector lever module (N15/5)
Transmission condition (aging)

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Electronic Transmission Control


Unit Inputs
Internal inputs effecting solenoid valves
Turbine rpm sensor (active)
Internal rpm sensor (active)
Output rpm sensor (hall)
Transmission oil temperature sensor

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Electronic Transmission Control


Unit
Mounted directly on the hydraulic control unit
Married to vehicle
ETC unit calibrated to hydraulic control
unit on flow bench
Information received over CAN with ME
Engine rpm, coolant temperature,
accelerator position, engine load
ESP signals
Cruise control signals
Information received from ETC
Position of selector range valve
Transmission oil temperature
Transmission internal revolutions
Transmission output rpm

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Electronic Transmission Control


Unit Functions
From data received Transmission control unit
calculates
Driver and vehicle specific shift points
Hydraulic pressures
Torque converter lockup clutch
Corrects for atmospheric pressure, shifting and
pressure
Driver actions; accelerator movement, manual
touch frequency, longitudinal and lateral
acceleration
Software can be updated, referred to as flashing,
carried out using SDS
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Speed Sensor Locations


Turbine speed sensor monitors
rotational speed of internal
ravigneaux gear
Internal speed sensor measures
rotational speed front planetary
gear
Output speed sensor measures
transmission output speed park
pawl
Output speed sensor increases
reaction time

1. Ring magnet
2. Cylinder flange with
integrated ring magnet
3. Exciter ring
4a. Park pawl gear

Y3/8n1
Y3/8n2
Y3/8n3

Turbine rpm sensor


Internal rpm sensor
Output rpm sensor
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Shift Program
Basic shift program can be influenced using selector button
on the electronic selector lever control module
Driver can choose transmission modes, C (comfort) or S (sport)
Each mode has different shift strategies
Transmission mode S (firmer faster shift) as opposed to mode C
engine rpm level raised
Switch position transmitted by electronic selector module over CAN-C
to ETC

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Shift Programs
The adjustment of the shift programs takes place
by moving the characteristic dependent on:
Vehicle payload
Change in engine load
Pedal movement
Slow

Unintended downshifts in high vehicle speed range


are prevented

Fast release

The up-shift to the next gear is prevented and is


only allowed again at low lateral vehicle acceleration

Kick-down

Bringing forward and raising of the downshift


characteristic in the upper vehicle speed range
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Shifting Process
ETC controls solenoid valves electronically
Valves sit in hydraulic shift plate
Shift plate implements hydraulic function
ETC precisely adjusts pressure during shift phase, which leads to increase
in shift quality
Main function of ETC is to evaluate inputs relevant to transmission
function and actuate eight hydraulic valves, which set working pressure

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Solenoid Valves
Internal output signal or actuation of
control solenoid valves
Torque converter lockup clutch
valve (Y3/8y8) normally closed in
default no pressure
Working pressure valve (Y3/8y1)
normally open in default allows
pressure
K2 clutch valve (Y3/8y3)
normally open in default allows
pressure
B2 brake valve (Y3/8y6)
normally closed in default no
pressure

Y3/8y8 Torque converter lockup clutch valve


Y3/8y1 Working pressure valve
Y3/8y3 K2 clutch valve
Y3/8y6 B2 brake valve

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Solenoid Valves
Internal output signal or actuation of
control solenoid valves
K1 clutch valve (Y3/8y2)
normally open in default allows
pressure
B1 brake valve (Y3/8y5)
normally open in default allows
pressure
B3 brake valve (Y3/8y7)
normally closed in default no
pressure
K3 clutch valve (Y3/8y4)
normally open in default allows
pressure

Y3/8y2
Y3/8y5
Y3/8y7
Y3/8y4

K1 clutch valve
B1 brake valve
B3 brake valve
K3 clutch valve

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722.9
Down Shifting

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Shift Chart

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