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HOMEOPATHY AND INDIAN HERBS

(DICTIONARY OF PLANTS USED

IN HOMEOMEDICINES)

AUTHOR

P r o f: P.T.R A J A S E K H AR A N NAIR
PAYYANUR COLLEGE.

Botanical name Family Malayalam name Parts used Name of


Homeomedicine
(Latin)
1. Abrus Papilionaceae Kunni Roots, Seeds Abrus precatorius
precatorius
Linn.

2. Acalypha indica Euphorbiaceae Kuppamani, Whole Plant Acalypha indica


Linn. Kuppameni
3. Achyranthus Amaranthaceae Katalati Whole Plant Achyranthus aspera
aspera Linn.

4. Adhatoda vasica Acanthaceae Atalotakam Whole Plant Justicia adhatoda


Nees.

5. Aegle marmelos Rutaceae Koovalam Whole Plant Aegle marmelos


Linn.

6. Agave Americana Liliaceae Anakaitha, Leaves Agave


Linn. Kandalachedi,
Eroppakaitha.
7. Allium cepa Linn. Liliaceae Ulli, Chuvannaulli Bulb Allium cepa

8. Aloe vera Linn. Liliaceae Kattarvazha Leaves Aloe

9. Alstonia Apocynaceae Ezhilampala Leaves Alstonia scholaris


scholaris Linn.

10 Anacardium Anacardiaceae Kasumaave, Nuts Anacardium


. occidentale Linn Parankimaave occidentale

11 Andrographis Acanthaceae Kiriyath, Nilaveppu Whole Plant Andrographis


. paniculata paniculata
Vahl.
12 Apium Apiaceae Celery Seeds Apium graveolens
. graveolens Linn

13 Areca catechu Arecaceae Kamuk, At.akka Nuts Areca


. Linn. maram, Kamung,
Kavungu.
14 Argemone Pappavaraceae Erumakkalli Leaves Opium
. mexicana Linn. Kandankathiri
Ponnummath.
15 Artemisia Asteraceae Makkipoove Leaves Cina
. vulgaris
Linn(A.cina)

16 Atorpa bella- Solanaceae Balladona Whole plant Belladonna


. donna Linn.

17 Avena sativa Poaceae Oats Grains Avena


. Linn.

18 Azadirachta Meliaceae Aryaveppe Leaves Azadirachta indica


. indica Juss.

19 Baccopa moneri Scrophulariacea Brahmi Whole Plant Brahmi


. Linn. e

20 Beeta vulgaris Chenopodiaceae Beetroot Taproots Beeta vulgaris


Linn.

21 Berberis vulgaris Berbedaraceae Barbery Roots Berberis


.

22 Boerhaavia Nyctaginaceae Thazhuthama Whole Plant Boerhaavia diffusa


. diffusa Linn

23 Brassica nigra Cruciferae Katuk Seeds Brassica nigra


. Koch

24 Caesalpinia Caesalpiniaceae Kazhanji Seeds Caesalpinia


. bonducella Linn. bonducella

25 Calendula Asteraceae Calendula Leaves Calendula


. officianalis Linn.

26 Calotropis Asclepiadaceae Erukke Leaves Calotropis gigantea


. gigantea Linn

27 Cannabis sativa Cannabinaceae Kanjave, Whole Plant Cannabis sativa


. Linn. Sivamooli

28 Capsella bursa- Scrophulariacea Shepherd’s Purse Whole Plant Capsella


. pastoris e
Moench.
29 Capsicum Solanaceae Mulak, Paranghi Fruits Capsicum
. annuam Linn.

30 Carica papaya Caricaceae Karmathi, Karmu-s, Cell sap Carica papaya


. Linn. Pappa-ya, Pappa-li.

31 Cassia senna Caesalpiniaceae Sunnamukki, Whole Plant Cina


. Linn. Chonnamukki

32 Cephalandra Cucurbitaceae Kovakka Fruits Cephalandra indica


. indica Naud.

33 Cinchona Rubiaceae Cinchona, Bark China


. officianalisLinn. Kuina

34 Cinnamomum Lauraceae Karpooramaram Bark Camphor


. camphora Linn.

35 Cinnamomum Lauraceae Elavangam Flower buds Cinnamomum


. zeylanicum Linn.

36 Citrus vulgaris Cucurbitaceae Thannimathan Fruits Citrus vulgaris


. Linn.

37 Claviceps Fungus Ergot Fungal Ergot


purpurea frutification

38 Clerodendron Verbenaceae Peruk,Peevelam Leaves Clerodendron


. infortunatum infortunatum
Linn.

39 Cocculus hirsutus Menispermaceae Pathalagarudakkodi, Whole Plant Cocculus


. Linn. Kattukodi

40 Coffea arabica Rubiaceae Kappi chedi Unroasted Coffea cruda


. Linn. beans

41 Colchicum Liliaceae Hiranyathutham Whole Plant Colchicum


. autumnale Linn.

42 Coleus Lamiaceae Panikoorka Leaves Coleus aromaticus


. aromaticus Linn.

43 Crocus sativus Iridaceae Kunkumapoov Style and Crocus sativa


. Linn. Stigma of the
flower
44 Croton tiglium Euphorbiaceae Nanche, Seeds Croton tiglium
. Linn. Neervalam

45 Cynadon Poaceae Karuka Whole Plant Cynadon dactylon


. dactylon Linn.
46 Datura metal Solanaceae Karuthaummam Leaves& Stramonium
. Linn. Fruits

47 Desmodium Papilionaceae Orila, Pullati Roots, Desmodium


. gangeticum D C Leaves gangeticum

48 Digitalis Scrophulariacea Thilapushpi Whole Plant Digitalis


. purpurea Linn. e

49 Drocera indica Droceraceae Echapidiyan Whole Plant Drocera


. Linn.

50 Embelia ribes Myrsinaceae Vizhal Whole Plant Embelia ribes


. Burnf.

51 Equisetum Pteridophyte Horsetail Whole Plant Equisetum


.

52 Eucalyptus Myrtaceae Yukkalimaram Leaves Eucalyptus


. globules Linn.

53 Eugenia jambos Myrtaceae Chamba Seeds Eugenia jambos


. Linn.

54 Ferula asafetida Apiaceae Kayam Resin Asafetida


Linn.

55 Ficus bengalensis Moraceae Peraal Aerial roots, Ficus bengalensis


. Linn. Bark

56 Ficus religiosa Moraceae Arayaal Whole Plant Ficus religiosa


. Linn.

57 Garcinia morella Clusiaceae Eravi Fruits Garcinia morella


. Desr.

58 Gentiana chirata Gentianaceae Utharachiriyath Whole Plant Gentiana chirata


. Roxb.

59 Gossypium Malvaceae Kattuparathi Leaves Gossypium


. arborium Linn.

60 Gymnema Asclepiadaceae Chakkarakkolli Leaves Gymnema sylvestris


. sylvestris R.B.

61 Helleborus nigrer Ranunculaceae Katturhohini Whole Plant Helleborus nigrer


. Linn.

62 Holarrhena Apocynaceae Koonanppala Latex Holarrhena


. antidysenterica antidysenterica
Wall.
63 Hydrocotyl Apiaceae Kudagal, Kudavan Whole Plant Hydrocotyle
. asiatica Linn.

64 Hygrophila Acanthaceae Vayal chulli Whole Plant Hygrophila spinosa


. spinosa Anders

65 Hyocyamus niger Solanaceae Kurassani Whole Plant Henbane


. Linn.

66 Juglan regia DC Jugladaceae Akkrott Fruits Juglan regia


.

67 Juniperus Gymnosperm Juniperus Cones, Juniperus communis


. communisL. leaves

68 Leucas aspera Lamiaceae Thumbachedi Leaves Leucas aspera


. Willd.

69 Linum Linaceae Kayave Flowers, Linum


. usitassimum seeds
Linn.

70 Lycopersicon Solanaceae Thakkali Fruits Lycopersicum


. esculentum Mill.
71 Lycopodium Pteridophyte Club moss Whole Plant Lycopodium
. clavatum

72 Magnolia Magnoliaceae Chempakam Flowers Magnolia


. grandiflora

73 Mangifera indica Anacardiaceae Mave Seeds Mangifera


. Linn.

74 Mentha piperata Lamiaceae Pudina Whole Plant Mentha piperita


. Linn.

75 Nerium oleander Apocynaceae Kanaveeram Whole Plant Oleander


. Linn.

76 Nyctanthes Oleaceae Pavizhamulla Whole Plant Nyctanthes


. arbor-tristis
Linn.

77 Ocimum canum Lamiaceae Cheruthulasi Whole Plant Ocimum canum


. Linn.

78 Ocimum sanctum Lamiaceae Thulasi Whole Plant Ocimum sanctum


. Gartn.

79 Oldenlandia Rubiaceae Parpadakapullu Whole Plant Oldenlandia


herbacea Linn. herbacea

80 Operculina Convolvulaceae Thrikkolpakonna Roots Operculina


. turpethum Linn. Thripuda

81 Opuntia ficus- Cactaceae Opuntia Latex Opuntia


. indica L.

82 Pappaver Papavaraceae Kasakasa, Aveen Fruits, seeds Opium


. somniferumLinn.
(Opium )
83 Piper nigram Piperaceae Kurumulak Fruits Piper nigram
. Linn.

84 Plantago Plataginaceae Gandhajeerakam Seeds Plantago


. majorLinn.

85 Ranunculus Ranunculaceae Kandera (var) Whole Plant Ranunculus bulbosus


. bulbosus Linn.

86 Ranunculus Ranunculaceae Kandera Whole Plant Ranunculus scleratus


. scleratusLinn.

87 Rauwolfia Apocynaceae Amalpori Whole Plant Rauwolfia serpentina


. serpentina Linn.
88 Riccinus Euphorbiaceae Aavanak Leaves, Riccinus communis
. communis Linn. seeds

89 Ruta graveolens Rutaceae Arutha Whole Plant Ruta graveolens


. Linn.

90 Saccharum Poaceae Karimbe Sugar juice Saccharum


. officianarum officianalis
Linn.

91 Salvia Lamiaceae Salvia Whole Plant Salvia officianalis


. officianalis Linn.

92 Saracca indica Caesalpiniaceae Asokam Whole Plant Saracca indica


. Roxb.

93 Solanum nigram Solanaceae Manithakkali, Fruits Solanum nigram


. Linn. Mulakuthakkali

94 Solanum Solanaceae Kandenkathiri Whole Plant Solanum


. xanthocarpum xanthocarpum
Linn.

95 Strychnos nux- Loganiaceae Kanjeram Seeds Nux-vomica


. vomica Linn.
96 Sysygium Myrtaceae Chamba Seeds Sysygium
. jambolanum
Linn.

97 Nicotiana Solanaceae Pukayila Leaves Tabacum


. tabacum

98 Terminalia Combretaceae Neermaruth Fruits Terminalia arjuna


. arjuna Roxb.

99 Terminalia Combretaceae Kadukka Fruits Terminalia chebula


. chebula Retz.

10 Thea sinensis L. Theaceae Theyilachedi Leaves , Thea


0. buds

10 Thuja Gymnosperm Thuja Leaves,cones Thuja


1. occidentalis

10 Tinospora Menispermaceae Amruth Stem Tinospora cordifolia


2. cordifolia Linn.

10 Tribulus Zygophyllaceae Jeringil Fruits Tribulus


3. terrestris Linn.

10 Vanilla planifolia Orchidaceae Vanilla Seeds Vanilla


sw.

10 Vernonia Asteraceae Kattujeerakam Fruits Vernonia


5. anthelmintica anthelmintica
Willd.

10 Vinca minor L. Apocynaceae Cherusavanari Whole Plant Vinca minor


6.

10 Viola tricolour Violaceae Viola Whole Plant Viola tricolour


7. Wall.

10 Zingiber Zingiberaceae Enji, Erukkizhag Rhizome Zingiber


8. officianalis Roxb.

Author- Prof.P.T.RAJASEKHARAN NAIR, DEPT: OF BOTANY, PAYYANUR COLLEGE, EDAT P.O.,


PAYYANUR, KANNUR. (Botanical Adviser Govt. Ayurveda College, Pariyaram, Kannur &
Homeopathy Practitioner)
The author has published two CDs –1. ‘Digital Herbarium of Angiosperms’ with named and classified digital
photographs of 2000 plants as a reference for B.Sc and M.Sc Botany students. 2. ‘Dictionary of Medicinal
plants’having binomials with Malayalam names and also Malayalam names with binomials and digital photographs
of mamy plants for Ayurveda students.
.
E mail- ptrnair@yahoo.com.& r.rajannair@rediffmail.com.