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Retaining Wall with Counterfort Check of Stability & Calculation of Internal forces

And design sections According ACI 318-08


Project :Building :Element:Location:-

General Input :

fc'=25 N/mm2

Rev1.0

Designed by:Checked by:Date:-

Retaining Wall with Counterfort

M. Abu Shady
M. Abu Shady
09-Feb-16

M.A.S.

fy=420 N/mm2
tw= 0.90 m

C=25 KN/m3
= 0.58
qall=150 KN/m2
Cover=100 mm
Ignore Passive Soil
Ignore Soil wet W 5

YES
YES

Hp=0.60m

275.00 m
Passive Soil
Kp= 3

LL=20.0 KN/m2

277.10 m

Active Soil
s=22KN/m3
Ka= 0.500

co

H=2.70m

274.40 m

tb= 0.60 m
0.90m

longitudinal direction

0.90m

b= 2.70 m

d=0.49m

1-Check Stability of Wall:

tc= 0.20 m
Lc= 1.75 m
tc= 0.20 m

Transverse direction
Plan

Elevation

a- Check of Retaining Wall Overturning:


Calculation of W & Stability Moment M

C , ,
&

Dist. From load Moments M @


to point O (m) O KN.m/m'

Description of loads

Loads W kN/m'

Weight of stem
W1

47.25

1.350

63.79

Weight of base slab W2

40.50

1.350

54.68

Weight of earth over


Heel slab W3

41.58

2.250

93.56

Weight of Counterfort
W4 using(c-s)

1.62

2.100

3.40

Weight of earth over


Toe slab W5

0.00

0.450

0.00

W=130.95

= 10.00

2 = 40.10
2
2
=
= 0.00
2

= + * - *

= 49.59

M=215.42

= /

> 1.5, OK SAFE

= 4.34

b- Check of Retaining Wall Sliding:

= + -
= 75.95


= /

= 1.52

= 50.10

> 1.5, OK SAFE

c- Check of Retaining Wall bearing Capacity:


finding eccentricity e, take moments @ point O

M@o= 0 = x + ,

=
=

6
(1 + )=

6
(1 )=


12 2

13

57.51 KN/m2

39.49 KN/m2
OK SAFE < qall

6
2

= 1.27 m

6
(1 )

,=

,=

45.50 KN/m2
51.50 KN/m2

= 0.08 m

, /6 = 0.450 m

e /6 to ignore tension stress

,= 54.77 KN/m2

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Retaining Wall with Counterfort Check of Stability & Calculation of Internal forces
And design sections According ACI 318-08
Project :Building :Element:Location:-

Retaining Wall with Counterfort

Designed by:Checked by:Date:-

Rev1.0
M. Abu Shady
M. Abu Shady
09-Feb-16

M.A.S.

2-Internal Forces of Retaining Wall:

a- Toe Slab Moment and Shear:


finding net stress on Toe Slab
=
, =
42.5
KN/m2 Upward
39.8
=
36.5
KN/m2 Upward
MToe Transverse max Ult. @b =
24.6KN.m/m BOT. RFT.
Use 5 T 18 /m'
QToe max Ult. @d dis. From b =
< Vc
= 312 KN/m
Where
25 KN/m
OK SAFE
b- Heel Slab Moment and Shear:
heel Slab behaves as:
1- a cantilever from point c to x with length Lc/2, supported by stem.
2- a continuous beam from point x to d in longitudinal direction of Retaining wall
supported by counterforts

KN/m2 Upward
Tension RFT.
ACI318-08 , Eq 11-3

finding net stress on Heel Slab


=
-18.9
KN/m2 Downward
=
-24.9
KN/m2 Downward
=
-24.7
KN/m2 Downward
M heel Transverse Ult. @c -ve =
-13.1KN.m/m TOP RFT.
Use 6 T 16 /m'
Tension RFT.
M heel longitudinal Ult. @d -Ve =
-11.4KN.m/m TOP RFT.
Use 6 T 16 /m'
Tension RFT.
M heel longitudinal Ult. @d +Ve =
Tension RFT.
Use 6 T 16 /m'
9.5KN.m/m BOT. RFT.
QHeel max Transverse Ult. @d =
< Vc
= 312 KN/m
32 KN/m
< Vc
= 312 KN/m
QHeel max longitudinal Ult. @d =
33 KN/m
C- Stem Slab Moment and Shear:
Stem Slab behaves as:
1- a cantilever from point c at heel top to point z with length Lc/2, supported by heel Slab.
2- a continuous beam above point z in longitudinal direction of Retaining wall supported by
counterforts slab.
, @=
, @ =
@ =
33.10
23.48
10.00 KN/m2

M stem vertical Ult. @c cant -ve =


M stem longitudinal Ult. @z -Ve =
M stem longitudinal Ult. @z +Ve =
M stem longitudinal Ult. @z0 -Ve =
M stem longitudinal Ult. @z0 +Ve =

-15.3KN.m/mon active side


-10.8KN.m/mon active side

Use 9
Use 15
Use 15
Use 15
Use 15
= 504 KN/m

T 16 /m'
T 12 /m'
T 12 /m'
T 12 /m'
T 12 /m'

T 22
T 22
T 22
= 91 KN/m

Tension RFT.
Tension RFT.
Tension RFT.
use 5T10/m E.F
use 5T10/m E.F

9.0KN.m/m on passive side


-4.6KN.m/m on active side
3.8KN.m/m on passive side
< Vc
QStem max Cantilever Ult. @c =
43 KN/m
QStem max longitudinal Ult. @z =
< Vc
31 KN/m
d- Counterfort Moment and Shear:
Counterfort Slab behaves as:
a Tee Beam its flange (is heel & stem slabs) with effective depth dctf , subjected to
1- max. moment MCfort@c at c point produced from horizontal earth pressure
2- max horizontal shear VHal Cfort@c at c point produced from horizontal earth
pressure
stress @ on stem slab multiplied by counterfort spacing.
3- max Vertical shear VVal Cfort@d at d point produced from Vertical net stress

dctf = 0.83 m

hz1
dctf@z1

MCfort@z2
MCfort@z1
MCfort@c =
VHal Cfort@c =
VVal Cfort@d =

= 1.40 m hz2
= 0.55 m dctf@z2
3.4KN.m/m
17.3KN.m/m
58.5KN.m/m
<
65 KN/m
<
48 KN/m

= 0.70 m
= 0.28 m
Use 1
Use 1
Use 2
Vc
Vc

Tension RFT.
Tension RFT.
Tension RFT.
Tension RFT.
Tension RFT.

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