Sie sind auf Seite 1von 30

PROPOSAL FOR 1 MWp SPV POWER PLANT

LObel Solar Power System, VADODARA


Contents
Table of Contents ................................................................................................................................... 1
Executive Summary ................................................................................................................................. 3
1.

Benefits of grid connected solar system: .......................................................................................... 3

2.

Project Details at a glance ................................................................................................................ 4

4.

Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 6

5.

About LObel Solar Power System ..................................................................................................... 6

6.

5.1

Turnkey Photovoltaic Solution ................................................................................................ 6

5.2

Roof Top Installations ............................................................................................................. 8

Proposed Solar Power Plant ........................................................................................................... 11


6.1 System Components ................................................................................................................ 10

7.

6.1.1

Ground-mounted System ................................................................................................... 10

6.1.2

PV Solar Module ................................................................................................................ 11

6.1.3

Inverters (CONTROL TECHNIQUES) ................................................................................... 12

6.1.4

Inverter Features .............................................................................................................. 12

6.1.5

Control and Automation ................................................................................................... 13

6.1.6

Monitoring Systems ........................................................................................................... 14

6.1.7

Substation......................................................................................................................... 16

Scope of maintenance contract ...................................................................................................... 17


Performance monitoring ............................................................................................................ 17
Remote diagnosis and failure response .................................................................................... 18

Preventive maintenance ............................................................................................................. 18


Corrective maintenance.............................................................................................................. 18
Facility management .................................................................................................................. 18
Module cleaning ......................................................................................................................... 18
Security management ................................................................................................................. 19
8.

Project Implementation and Schedule ............................................................................................ 19


9.1 Project Implementation Strategy ............................................................................................. 20

9.

Project Management and Engineering .......................................................................................... 21


9.1 Procurement of the System ...................................................................................................... 22
9.2 Typical System Integration ....................................................................................................... 22

10.

Bill of Material .............................................................................................................................. 23

11. Typical Execution of installation under accomplishment of all national regulation & norms: .......... 25
12. Budgetary Cost for 1 MWp Power Plant .. 29
13.

Retention clause........................................................................................................................... 29

14.

Transportation ............................................................................................................................. 29

15.

Insurance ..................................................................................................................................... 29

16.

Currency and taxes ....................................................................................................................... 29

17.

General terms of payment............................................................................................................ 29

18.

Contractual conditions ................................................................................................................. 29

19.

Transparency and compliance ...................................................................................................... 29

20.

Bid validity.................................................................................................................................... 29

21.

Warranties and Securities . 28

22.

Project Plan / Time of Erection .................................................................................................... 30

23.

General Reservation ..................................................................................................................... 30

Executive Summary
Energy is a necessary driver of growth and its per capita consumption is growing
all across the world. This is primarily associated with the growth and development.
Any developmental activity in a nation fuels the energy demand. The world already
realise the need to switch over Renewable Energy (RE) source to augment the energy
needs. Clean sources of energy not only help our environment to recover from the
mindless exploitation it has been subjected to in the last 150 years, but also provides
power to millions of people especially in the developing nations. The renewable energy
sector has emerged as the fastest growing industry in recent times and there are hopes
of it getting only bigger in the coming years. Most nations have put plans in motion to
promote this sector in a big way. Green growth is the way to future for the developed
nations and a huge opportunity of energy security for the developing nations. There is
one more advantage which is slowly being recognized as the most important aspect of
this change- its potential to create employment for millions in the coming decade. In
India, there is still a huge gap between the demand and supply of electricity. Its power
sector is consistently plagued by shortages. India currently ranks fourth in the world for
green house gas emissions. There is a need to balance the two- the growing huge energy
needs with climate change issues. That is where the renewable energy sources come
into play. The Indian government, Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) has
various policies and plans to advance solar and other renewable energy in the country.
The support from Government is a prerequisite to push forth the emerging concept of
generation-based incentive of solar power. The incentives announced by MNRE are a
well timed policy measure, which is oriented towards a bigger role for solar power and
is based on some gainful insights into the actual operation of megawatt sizes solar
power plants.

1. Benefits of grid connected Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) System:


Power from the sun is clean, silent, limitless and free
Power production from Solar Photovoltaic process does not
releases gases like CO, CO2, SO2, NO2, which are normally
associated with burning finite fossil fuel reserves and dont
contribute to global warming.

Solar Photovoltaic are now a proven technology which is inherently safe as


opposed to other fossil fuel based electricity generating technologies.
Reduces or avoids the necessity to build new transmission/distribution lines or
upgrade existing ones.
Solar power shall augment the needs of peak power needs.
Increases the grid reliability i.e., voltage and frequency.
Reduce the transmission line losses.
Provides a potential revenue source in a diverse energy portfolio
Assists in meeting renewable portfolio standard goals.

2. Project Details at a glance


This proposal highlights the implementation of 1 MWp power generation project.
As an initiative towards green energy generation, LObel Solar Power System is
interested in setting up a 1 MWp Grid Connected project.
The system configuration of the Power plant will be as follows:
a) Proposed Solar PV Power Plant Capacity of 1 MWp.
b) The generated power is going to be fed to state Electricity Grid.
This report highlights the details of the proposed power generation scheme, site
facilities, features of the main plant and equipment including the Solar PV array,
electrical systems, evacuation of generated power, environmental and safety aspects,
distribution mechanism and the financial analysis.
Sr. No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Components

Details

Location
Proposed capacity
Type of system
Type of Module
Proposed module area
Capacity range of each module proposed
Inverter capacity
Expected life of power plant
Project Developer

Kutch, Gujarat
1 MWp
Grid Connected
Poly- Crystalline
5.5-6 Vigha = 1.25 lac sq feet
240 Wp
1060 KW
years
LObel Solar Power System

4. Introduction
Climate change and fossil fuel depletion are threatening our very existence on
this planet. This is primarily due to our dependence on fossil fuels for an upkeep of
modern day life styles. Nearly 75% of energy usage takes place in urban and semiurban areas accommodating large chunks of population. The rapid urbanization with
an accompanying economic development is responsible for a sudden rise in energy
demand. Essential public services like electricity services for homes, transport, industry,
commerce, and other infrastructure run by virtue of fossil fuels. To secure the energy
supply for all this and to mitigate the risks of climate change, RE source of energy form
the most obvious solution. With its abundant solar energy, India can exploit this
resource easily.
Most of todays electrical energy is generated by fossil fuel based plant with a
low production cost and high reliability. However, concerns about the longer term
sustainability of fossil fuel-based generation, are driving the energy industry toward
sustainable, low carbon emitting, renewable energy sources. Indian government MNRE has demonstrated its commitment to the cause of promoting RE power
generation and solar in specific by its current policies.
India is a tropical country, where sunshine is available for longer hours per day
and in great intensity. It is home to one of the most abundant solar resources in the
world, with 2.97 million square kilometres of tropical and subtropical land and an
average of 300 clear sunny days a year. As such, solar power offers significant potential
to meet a large share of the country's energy needs.
Solar energy, therefore, has a tremendous potential as a future energy source. It
has the advantage of permitting decentralized distribution of energy, large, centralized
power generation plants, smaller distributed heat and power plants; or scaled down, at
the individual consumer level. Thus it has the leverage of empowering people at grass
root level.
It is not only technically and economically feasible for India to make the shift to
renewable energy sources (if this rollout is combined with energy-efficiency measures),
but also prudent to begin this transition now. The Government has recently approved
an ambitious new plan to increase solar power capacity to 20 Giga watts by 2020, under
the National Solar Mission. The Mission is to provide lighting for 20 million homes and
eliminate 42 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions annually.
There are several reasons for this urgency. First, India's power-generation
infrastructure is undergoing rapid expansion to meet national development objectives,
with the country still facing unmet power demands that equate to as much as 80 percent
of current installed capacity. Second, they point to rising energy security concerns as

energy prices go up and supplies shrink, making it a ripe time to shift to a new model of
energy production.
As on March, 2009, Indias power system had an installed generating capacity
around 1,48,700.00 MW and thermal power plants powered by coal, gas, naphtha or oil
accounted for approximately 64.70 % of total power generation capacity. Hydropower
picks up a share of 24.80%. Renewable sources of energy account for around 8% of the
power generated, with wind power having a share of around 5.5%. In the same year a
capacity addition of nearly 51,300 MW has been planned by the ministry of power
during the eleventh five year plan period (2009-2012).Thus there is a need for large scale
power generation from both Non-renewable and renewable sources of energy to sustain
a targeted GDP growth of 8%to 10% per year.
Of late, solar power investments in the country are registering a fast increase. In
fact, India is a home to many national and international PV manufacturers setting up
large scale PV manufacturing facilities. There is a growing optimism on the fact that
solar power may well attain the much needed grid parity within the next few years.
India is a developing nation and cannot halt its developmental goals. While we
have a need to cut down the GHG emissions, it also has to ensure that its infrastructural
growth is not hindered in any way. Solar energy in India is a potential huge source of
energy. If we are able to harness the high amount of sunlight received by India, then we
can meet its energy demand like no other fuel.

5. About LOBEL SOLAR POWER SYSTEM


LObel Solar Power System is a vertically integrated, end-to-end renewable
energy services provider. Our goal is to provide clean, renewable solar energy at
affordable prices. As a solar energy services company, we:
Manufacture high quality solar devices
Provide turnkey solar energy solutions
Provide solar energy consulting and service.

5.1

Turnkey Photovoltaic Solution

LObel Solar Power Systems engineers help design solar power for commercial,
industrial and residential clients in the India and have 20 years experience of
manufacturing and executing Solar Projects. Our 20 years relationships in renewable
energy field enable us to source top-quality components at competitive prices from
around the world. As a system integrator, we provide complete PV services including:

Consultation
Site assessment and solar analysis
System design and installation
Integration (EPC) services
Service and maintenance

LObel Solar Power System has manufacturing facility located in Vadodara,


Gujarat. LObel Solar Power System is geared up to provide environment friendly solar
energy on a large scale. Our projects office is also located in Vadodara where we have
one of the finest engineering and execution teams.
LObel Solar Power System has an unmatched ability to provide a
comprehensive, integrated, state-of-the-art, turnkey solution through a well-structured
consortium. The company is experienced in working, in diverse climates and ground
conditions. LObel Solar Power System utilize local contractor base for maximum
efficiency and economy, hence provides with seamless project execution from project
development to plant commissioning.
LObel Solar Power System capitalizes on its broad experience in significant solar
projects and thereby relies on its professional and technically sound project
management team. This results in professional installations on given schedules. Such
high standards make LObel Solar Power System to be your preferred partner for PV
large scale projects.
LObel Solar Power System is committed for providing the most efficient solar
power plants with special regard to the long life efficiency. Therefore LObel Solar
Power System works in a vertically integrated end-to-end engineering process which
results in plant layouts with their possible yield / investment ratio. As LObel Solar
Power System also provides with the modules, the plant reaches highest efficiency in a
very cost effective way. LObel Solar Power System believes in procurement of the most
efficient components from different vendor companies to provide our customers with
most advanced and reliable systems.
Our technological alliances allow us to guarantee a comprehensive performance
ratio (PR) to secure your investment and your cash-flow. As a turnkey provider LObel
Solar Power System is a right partner to handle whatever is necessary for the efficient
erection and operation of solar power PV- plants.
Experience shows that the profitability of a PV plant relies on both the
performance of its single parts but also proper matching and compatibility between the

components. Being a well recognized player in the international market, LObel Solar
Power System enjoys well proven relations with its suppliers. Our partners and
suppliers have been assessed not only for fulfilling the LObel Solar Power System
quality standards but also for their capability to professionally realize large scale
projects on time.

5.2 Roof Top Installations


1. Solar PV Power Plants

2.

Industrial roof top PV Power Plants

3. Solar PV Powered Railway Signals (LED) At Rajkot & Bhavnagar Division of


Western
Railways

4. Solar PV 4. Powered Street Lights & Home Lights

6. Proposed Solar Power Plant


LObel Solar Power System will install a grid-tied solar power generation system
using state-of-the art ground-mounted structure. Figure shows the schematic diagram
of a typical grid-tied solar system.

UTILITY

PV ARRAY
PV ARRAY GROUND
DC
CIRCUIT
FAULT
FUSED
COMBINER PROTECTOR SWITCH DC/AC INVERTER

AC
FUSED UTILITY
SWITCH SWITCH
MAIN
SERVICE
PANEL

Sunlight captured by solar panels is converted into DC electricity. This DC


electricity is collected from all the solar panels and is passed through an inverter, which
converts it into usable AC electricity. This AC electricity is fed into the electricity grid.

6.1 System Components


6.1.1

Ground-mounted System

LObel Solar Power System will install a fixed mounting structure made up of
high strength high performance galvanized steel. Panels are pushed in for faster
assembly no nuts and bolts are required. The structure is designed for 200 Km/hr wind
load. The installation and anchorage technology is drawn from experienced highway
crash barrier technology. It can be installed solid
ground conditions including solid rock. This
mounting system comes with a 25-year
warranty.
LObel Solar Power System is looking
forward to a new technology which is
Innovative and can be installed without any
concrete. This technology is known as screw-pile
technology. This technology allows erecting the
mounting structure in a very less span of time
and has a superior holding capacity with distinct advantage in unstable soils. As with
this technology the foundation can be erected in few hrs as there is very less concrete
work and the mounting is done by the machines, implementation is swift with several
hundred foundation points being completed in a day.

10

A PV Array is made up of PV modules, which are environmentally sealed


collections PV cells-the devices that convert sunlight to electricity. This allows some
assembly and wirings functions to be done on the ground if called for by the installation
instructions. The panels will be mounted in rows and electrically connected with cables.
The cable will need to be made safe and tamper proof. The electrical output from the PV
panels will be fed via cables to a bank of inverters.
6.1.2

PV Solar Module

Top quality, high efficiency, and high wattage (240 Wp) solar panels will be used
in the system.

PV panels use high efficiency polycrystalline cells and are


assembled with top-quality raw materials sourced globally
Panels are tested in accordance with IEC 61215, IEC 61730,
TUV and UL 1703 certified.
Approx. size: 1644mm X982 mm
Best-in-class performance ratings proven by field
installations
25 year power warranty
Higher strength with wind and snow loads guaranteed up
to 80 lbs/ft2

Mechanical Data of 240 Wp Solar PV Module


Sr. No.

Parameter

Value

Cell

156mm2 high power Polycrystalline solar cells

Connection

60 cells in series

Dimensions

1644.6 x 982.2 x 40 mm (1.62 sqm)

Weight

18.60 Kg

Connection type

Bypass Diode

Cable with plug connector (compatible with


MC-4 connectors)
3 (Three) 15A bypass diodes

Electrical Data of 240 Wp Solar PV Module

11

Sr. No.

Parameter

Value

Maximum Power

240 Wp

Open Circuit Voltage

37.26 V

Short Circuit Current

8.39 A

Voltage at point of maximum power

30.85 V

Current at point of maximum power

7.80 A

Max System Voltage

600/1000 V (UL/IEC)

Tolerance at Pmax

0% to 3%

Temperature Coefficient - Power

-0.45%/C

6.1.3

Inverters (CONTROL TECHNIQUES)

The grid tie inverter in a solar


PV power plant converts the DC power
generated by the PV module in to
suitable AC power for feeding to the
grid. This inverter automates the start up
and
shut
down
functions.
By
incorporating
advanced
maximum
power point tracking technology, it
maximizes the energy harvested for PV
modules. To minimize the power losses
during the conversion process, the inverter switching technology uses insulated gate
bipolar transistors. Multiple inverters are paralleled for large power installations. High
efficiency of conversion under partial load conditions is essential for economic viability
of the entire solar power station the inverters with their own weatherproof enclosure
installed in close proximity to PV modules are considered for this project.
6.1.4

Inverter Features
Enhanced conversion efficiency 98% peak
Enhanced availability
Greater Yield at low irradiance
High accuracy MPPT algorithm over a wide voltage range
Compact and easy to maintain
Anti Islanding and supply dlp ride-through
Communications and PC tools for local or remote configuration and monitoring.
12

Electrical Data of Inverter


Sr. No.

Parameter

Value

AC Current

1800 A

DC Current

2100 A

Inverter Power @ 50C

Max. THD

Euro. efficiency

MPPT voltage Range

Maximum no. Of internal DC landings points

6.1.5

1060KWp
2.28%
98%
400V 800V
18

Control and Automation

In order to have a smooth functioning of inverter, control and automation forms


an integral part of PV system. Different types of controllers are available. A typical
controller will have following control and automated functions.
Inverter start up, shut off and disconnection sequence
Over/under voltage & frequency protection
Anti islanding protection
Power tracking to match inverter to the arrays
Adjustment of delay periods to customize system shutdown sequence
Graphical user interface for real time communications, monitoring and control
Optional remote monitoring via internet modem
Faults notification via modem
Data acquisition and logging
DC monitoring

13

6.1.6

Monitoring Systems

The system is an innovative monitoring and analysis system


for large PV plants. It is upgradeable with CAN bus
compatible components. The system also enables diagnostic
and monitoring functions for these components.

System:

Monitoring
system:

Monitoring of central inverters and junction boxes to string


level. Transmits the data required for monitoring, such as
yields and the system efficiency to the Internet portal. Here
central
the data is converted into straight forward diagrams and
stored. A constant target/actual analysis enable malfunctions
to be detected in their initial stages. In such cases, a definable
group of persons is notified immediately

Remote-controlled connection/disconnection reduces service


String
monitoring
outlay on site. The long-life electronic safety feature; Real
junction boxes:
protect optimizes system availability.
Data modem (analogue/Ethernet) can open interface for
connecting the connecting the system components, RS232.
Electrical protection equipment will be required to be specified in conjunction
with PEA, for the connection of the PV plant to the electrical network.
Communication:

Highlights:
Remotely monitor, diagnose, manage and control systems, without costly "truck
rolls"
Receive alerts that serve as early warnings to equipment and system issues
Perform remote diagnostics, updates and resets to optimize performance
Weid Muller monitoring or equivalent will be used to monitor the performance of the
solar power plant.
Features and Benefits:
Control system based on modular concept easy to adapt to any solar
application.
Integrated strings fuse protection.
No need of local key-pad programming since all parameters can be set in an
easier and quicker manner using Eos-Array Soft software, Eos software.
Simplified installation since there is no need of auxiliary bus wiring.

14

RS485 for easy and quick data transmission to remote acquisition system.
Local RGB LED on board of the VMU units for easy colour code diagnostics.
Antitheft control, fuse blow detection, wrong PV panel connection for plant
control and maintenance.
Protection trip and breaker status detection by means of two digital inputs.
Alarm notification and automatic PV panel cleaning by means of two relay
outputs.
String control for immediate string failure detection and localisation.
String for energy production and pay-back efficiency pay control.
DC/AC efficiency calculation for inverter working control.
Data and event logging for plant control.

6.1.7

Substation

Building for housing the electronic (sub-station)


The substation building will house all the electronic equipments like MCB
(main DC combiner boxes), central inverters, low voltage panels, transformer,
high voltage panels, etc. below shown are the few reference snapshots of the
same.

Description of power evacuation system and interfacing with grid


It is important that the power plant is designed to operate satisfactorily in
parallel with grid, under the voltage and frequency fluctuation condition, so as
to export the maximum possible unit to the grid. It is also extremely important to
safeguard the system during major disturbances like tripping, pulling and
sudden over loading during the fluctuation of the grid loads on the generating
unit in the island mode, under fault/feeder tripping conditions.

Grid Synchronization Scheme


Utilities/license owns and operates a high voltage transmission and
distribution network in the project area. It is envisaged that the solar generation
plant will be connected to the high voltage network. It will be necessary to
negotiate a network connection and access agreement and undertake further
activities, such as:

a) System studies.
b) Investigation of connection issues including assessment of the need to upgrade
or modify equipment due to an increase in fault levels.
c) Protection modifications as compatible for system frequency and grid stability.

15

Network Connection
The solar PV project size is proposed to be 1 MWp. The higher rating is
used for grid connection designs. The proposed plant will be connected to the
high voltage transmission system through a 0.415/11/33KV substation. This
involves an appropriate power transformer, underground cables and overhead
lines at appropriate voltage level. The network connection is designed to carry
rated power on a 24-hour basis. For connection to the state transmission grid, it is
necessary to adhere to grid code. This requires a series of studies and designs,
including:
Load flow studies.
Fault level analysis.
Dynamic stability assessment.
Connection substation concept design.
Protection measures for connection substation and power transmission line.

Scope of maintenance contract

LObel Solar Power System offers an initial 5 year full service maintenance
contract which enables the operator to implement a reliable and effective operation
making use of the well established LObel Solar Power System service competence.
The Operations and Maintenance package offered by LObel Solar Power System
include the following services
a) Performance monitoring
b) Remote diagnosis and failure response
c) Preventive maintenance
d) Corrective maintenance
(The prices are subjected to escalation starting from two years)
Performance monitoring
A plant monitoring system is installed which enables permanent system
monitoring and performance evaluation. We collect the data on site via our PV
monitoring system. This data are available for remote diagnosis and a useful subset of
the gathered performance data is made available online to the customer so that he can
track and control the system performance himself.

16

Remote diagnosis and failure response


Automatic alarm functions issue messages in case of unexpected system
behavior that will trigger the first level support to log onto the system and investigate
and initiate remedial action if required. Second and third level expert support will be
involved as required. Field service engineer are dispatched as needed in order to clarify
the fault situation.
Preventive maintenance
Preventive maintenance is carried out by qualified technical personnel on a
regular inspection and maintenance cycle basis, typically once or twice per year,
depending on local site conditions. The various systems are subjected to visual checks,
cleaning, measurement and replacement as the case may be the findings and the overall
state of the plant is documented.
Corrective maintenance
Corrective maintenance is performed in order to restore the desired state of
repair. To keep the restore time as short as possible spare part availability is a crucial
element. LObel Solar Power System always aims to increase the plant performance in
order to achieve the contractually agreed performance ratio.
Analysis and failure repair will be realized on various levels. Data input from the
electronic operation log in combination with the local inspection and measurements are
used to drive the effective measures. Failure repair due to system failures will be under
the service contract and no further cost for the service and the spare part will be
charged to the customer.
Facility management (by Customer)
This service compromises the care taking of the facility. Like visual inspection of
all outdoor plant installations from inside the plant fences as well as cleaning and minor
maintenance of building and fixed installations, e.g. maintenance of signage, oiling of
locks, exchange of light bulbs. As well the green management is contained like grass
and plant cutting to minimize shadows.
Module cleaning (by Customer)
Modules are exposed to the environment and depending on the local conditions
a dirt layer settles on the modules, which reduces the plant yield. Cleaning is executed
by a qualified service provider with a suitable cleaning method including man hours,
material and cleaning tools.

17

Security management (by Customer)


The substantial investment shall be safeguarded by e.g. 24/7 hrs monitoring of
motion activated CCTV cameras and / of daily patrols as well as security field forces
in case of theft alarms or suspicious observations via CCTV.
Based on the information available to LObel Solar Power System and what we
understood from our conversation and analyses, we offer only those services and
supplies that match all your needs and still maintain a low investment. Should you be
interested in additional service and supplies, please approach us and we will be happy
to present you an updated proposal.

Project Implementation and Schedule

For a 1 MWp power plant, approximately 5 acres of area is required. This will include
installation of all the panels, equipment, and construction of supporting and auxiliary
buildings, access network.
Various activities under the project development and implementation are listed
below (in no particular order):
Site survey
Detailed engineering design
Civil works and preliminary engineering construction (clearing, fencing, soil
exploration, ground improvement, foundations, surfacing, grading, etc.)
Ground-mounted PV support structure design, drawings, documentation
Safety signage
Installation, interconnection and commissioning of solar photovoltaic panels
Connection of PV array junction (combiner) box & main junction boxes
Installation and commissioning of grid-connected inverter
All DC cabling (conduits, fasteners etc.) up to inverters
AC cabling, switchgear, fuse boxes etc from inverters to local PCC
Installation and commissioning of power evacuation system including
transmission of power from generation side to the point of connection
Installation of proper metering equipment in conformance with local
electricity codes
Remote Monitoring (installation of modem, PC and data cable for real-time
monitoring)

18

Installation of data display system (kWh, CO2 cumulative and kW


instantaneous)
AC switchboard/interface and protection
All regulatory approvals for project and to connect to AC mains grid
Staff and client training
Operational & maintenance services
8.1 Project Implementation Strategy

Overall project implementation will have the following stages of activities. These
stages are not mutually exclusive; to implement the project on fast track basis, some
degree of overlapping is anticipated.
Stage I

- Project Development

Stage II

- Finalization of the Equipment and Contracts

Stage III

- Procurement and Construction (phased approach)

Stage IV

- Plant Commission (phased approach)

Stage 1 Project Development


Project development will begin with one or more visits to the region with the
objective of understanding regional ground conditions including socio-economic
conditions, transportation and infrastructure facilities available in the region. The key
step in this stage will be the negotiation and establishment of a power purchase
agreement (PPA) with the utility company. Following specific activities/tasks will be
completed during this stage:

Land acquisition
Preparation and submission of Detailed Project Report (DPR)
Power purchase agreement (PPA)
Expedite Central Regulatory Authority clearance
During this phase, a project team consisting of engineers, logistics experts and
project managers will be formed for the execution of the project. This project team will
work together from the earliest stages of the project, according to members specific
expertise, and will be responsible for:
Planning project execution including development of GANTT charts
Inspection of fabrication items and other equipment
Supervise construction and commissioning of the plant

19

Controlling and managing contractor payments


Monitoring and managing project progress
Maintaining project budget and schedule
Stage II Finalization of Equipment and Contracts
In this stage, procurement packages are developed to send to suppliers for
detailed and final costs for all services and products. It is expected that detailed
engineering design will overlap with this stage and specifications for major equipment
will be developed in parallel with information from vendor catalogs and specification
sheets. For a solar installation, typically, solar panels and combiner boxes are the
longest lead items and project planning must provide adequate time period for the
acquisition and installation of these equipment.
This stage calls for close and constant communication between the project
engineers, equipment suppliers and vendors, and procurement specialists to ensure that
all documentation is made in strict accordance with project specifications and schedule.
Stage III Procurement and Construction
Following contract award and issuance of purchase order, the project team will
follow up regularly to ensure smooth and timely execution of the contract. The
procurement activity includes review of drawings, stage and final pre delivery
inspection, and supervision of installation and construction. During construction, the
erection and commissioning phase of multiple contracts will proceed simultaneously.
Stage IV Erection and Commissioning Phase
It is the commissioning phase where design, manufacturing, erection and quality
assurance expertise are put to test. The commissioning team will consist of key
equipment manufacturers of the equipment, LObel Solar Power System engineers, and
other specialized experts, where necessary. First step during commissioning is to use a
designed check list to ensure that the plant has been properly installed with appropriate
safety measures. The commissioning team will follow the internal operating
instructions. The plant shall be subjected to a performance test before synchronizations.
The plant shall be subjected to a performance test before synchronization under the
supervision of professional engineers/consultants.

20

The design of the centralised configuration will start with the DC side of the power
plant and then based on the DC section the AC section of the power plant is designed.

Project Management and Engineering

The project is being planned, implemented, monitored and controlled through


the LObel Solar Power System. Project planning and monitoring is done on the
following activities of engineering, contracts, manufacturing, erection and
commissioning.

Engineering and Design


Contract and Procurement of Project Components
Erection and Commissioning
Operation and Maintenance of the project

LObel Solar Power System will provide a global expertise in designing, setting
up and maintaining large scale grid connected solar farms.
LObel Solar Power System shall provide the Engineering service including
undertaking a engineering study to review the basic design and where possible to
suggest optimized design solutions, detailed designs, preparation of tender documents
and detailed specifications of the components and preparation of documentations in
this regard. LObel Solar Power System will also look after civil & mechanical works,
equipment supply and other contracts. Construction design and construction
supervision will be done by LObel Solar Power System during the execution of the
project including supervising the construction, equipment installation and
commissioning, undertaking quality assurance at site and oversee the contractors`
quality systems.

21

There are two types of power generation schemes. The project engineering
changes according to this generation scheme. A brief introduction on the different
power generation scheme is given below.

9.1 Procurement of the System


Being a well recognized player in the international market, LObel Solar Power
System enjoys well proven relations with its suppliers. Our partners and suppliers have
been assessed not only for fulfilling the LObel Solar Power System quality standards
but also for their capability to professionally realize large scale projects on time. Hence
LObel Solar Power System will procure project components directly from its vendors.
Procurement process includes the following broad activities:

Procurement of modules
Procurement of balance of system (BOS)
Procurement of transmission system accessories and
Procurement of other project components

LObel Solar Power System will procure the project components from various
sources under the onshore contracts and offshore contracts. This will be done with the
suitable entities at the time of procurement of the project components.
Some of the general information about the equipments that will be utilized in the
power plant is given below for the reference of the customer.

9.2 Typical System Integration


The panels will be ground mounted. The ground mounting will require a flat
level surface and will be set into concrete. The panels will require an area which is not
shaded. Any vegetation underneath the panels will need to be kept to a level below that
of the panels in order to avoid shading. All the panels will be at least 0.8 m from the
ground. It is assumed that this is adequate to keep the panels above the flood height of
the site.
The panels will be mounted in rows and electrically connected with cables. The
cable will need to be made safe and tamper proof. The electrical output from the PV
panels will be fed via cables to a bank of inverters.
The inverters will be housed in a structure to protect them from the weather and
from tampering. A design decision based on cost will need to be made whether the
inverters are all located in one area or are interspersed around the site.

22

The power plant will have a SCADA system to monitor the output of the rows of
panels. In this way, any system faults can be detected to a particular array and rectified.
Electrical protection equipment with be required, to be specified in conjunction with
PEA, for the connection of the PV plant to the electrical network.

10 Bill of Material
Sr.
No

Items

Scope of Work
Supply, Transportation, Insurance and
Installation
Design, Supply, Transportation, Panel
Mounting.

Solar Panel

Solar Mounting Structure

Power Conditioning Unit

Supply, Transportation, Insurance, Testing,


Installation Weather station.

Wire & Cable

Design, Supply, Transportation, Cable tray,


Cable tie, Conduit, Ferrules, Electrical
Lugs, Communication Cable and HT cable

Supply,
Transportation,
Insurance,
Junction Box with Monitoring system
Monitoring system, Central Scada System,
&Central Scada System
Auxiliary Supply for communication port.

Civil Work

Lights, Lightning Arrester and Earthing

Power Evacuation

Project Management

23

Control Room, Metering room, Land


levelling, Land clearing, Pathways,
Drainage, Water system
for module
cleaning.
Street Lights, Lightning Arrester, Earthing
pits, Transformer soak pit, Earthing for DC
side and AC side.
Isolation T/F, LT panel, Step up
transformer with OLTC, HT panel,
Metering cubical
Design & Engineering, Project monitoring,
Time
management,
Site
Survey,
Construction Management.

11 Typical Execution of installation under accomplishment of all


national regulation & norms:
POSITION
1
1.1
1.2
2

DESCRIPTION
Construction Management
Construction management and planning for all materials and works delivered or
executed by Subcontractor
Provide project management and supervision.
Modules

2.1

Receiving and unloading of Modules (delivered by customer) with appropriate vehicle


(e.g. forklift truck, 4x4 forklift, etc.)

2.2

Check and comparison of modules delivered with delivery note and visual inspection of
delivered modules

2.3

Storage of modules (temporary) with appropriate protection against weather impacts,


damage and theft (e.g. lockable containers or lockable tents). In customers scope; not in
GB scope.

2.4

Transport from (temporary) storage to site/point of installation with appropriate


vehicles (e.g. fork lift truck)

2.5

Passing of risk (from Customer to GB) starts with delivery of modules to site/temporary
storage and from the time the modules are taken by GB from the storage till the point
they are installed and commissioned. However, after the commissioning, the risk of the
performance of the modules will be entirely and severally of the customer.

Structures for modules with the general conditions:

3.1

Evaluation of soil/ground: The ground/soil must be prepared to endure transport of all


components (modules, structure, connection boxes, etc.) to the installation point on site.
The ground/soil must withstand the loads of wind and the weight of structures (incl.
modules and other components).

3.2

Preparation of the soil/ground on site with all necessary works like earthmoving,
digging holes for the foundations/pilings and levelling.

3.3

Surveying of structures for the modules and calibration and pitching for the
foundations/pilings of the structures.

3.4

Delivery and/or manufacturing of foundations/pilings for the structures on site


including all necessary material and works. The foundations/pilings must full fill all
necessary regulations and norms and be according to calculations by static expert.

24

3.5

Manufacturing, delivery, installation and calibration of structures including all necessary


material and works. The structures must full fill all necessary regulations and norms and
calculations of static expert as well as requirements of manufacturer. Installation on
prepared foundations/pilings . Minimum quality of structure: hot galvanized steel

3.6

Installation of modules on prepared structures including all necessary material and


works especially the system for clamping/fixing the modules on the structures. In case
the materials of module frames and structures are different (e.g. aluminium and
galvanized steel) there must be installed an intermediate layer (e.g. EPDM-rubber) which
will come at extra cost.

3.7

Reconstruction/Regeneration of site. Dispose or recycle surplus soil material and


dispose waste material including all necessary material and works.

3.8

Provide and deliver a certified/approved statistics for the structure including all fixings
and fundaments according regulations and norms of the Country.

Service Station for inverters, transformers and metering/safety system

4.1

5
5.1
5.2

Planning, delivery and installation of the service stations for inverters, transformers and
switchboards including all installation for appropriate ventilation and electrification
with lights, plugs, auxiliary supply, etc. of the stations. Including all necessary material
and works. The station will full fill all necessary regulations, norms and special
specifications of the utility company. (The Details have to be defined by the Customer
and the utility company).
Security and protection system
Delivery and installation of a fence around the site of the power plant including all
necessary material and works. The fence will be as per the customers specifications.
Delivery and installation of security system for the power plant including all necessary
material and works. The security system must full fill all necessary regulations, norms
and as well specifications due to insurance necessities.

Earth moving works

6.1a

Installation and laying of DC-Main-Cables from connection boxes to main junction boxes
and to inverters, including earth moving work due to national regulations and norms.
Including all necessary material and works.

6.1b
Installation and laying of DC-Main-Cables in cable channels from connection boxes to
(alternatively main junction boxes and to inverters, due to national regulations and norms. Including
to 6.1a)
all necessary material and works.
7
7.1
7.2

Electrical Installation of solar generator


Connection of modules to strings. Including all necessary material and works.
Installation of connection boxes at the metal structure including all necessary material of works.

25

7.3
7.4
7.5

7.6

Installation of main junction boxes in the service station including all necessary material
and works.
Delivery, installation and connection in the connection boxes of Cables (or similar) for
the module strings. Including all necessary material and works.
Delivery, installation and connection in between the connection boxes with Cables NYY
(or similar) including all necessary material and works. (The specification of the cables
will be defined Green Brilliance Energy Pvt Ltd)
Delivery, installation and connection between the connection boxes and main junction
boxes and the inverters of Cables NYY (or similar) including all necessary material and
works. (The specification of the cables have to be defined by Subcontractor and Green
Brilliance Energy Pvt Ltd)

7.7

Delivery and installation of Cable Conduits/Cable Channel with cover at metal structure
including all necessary material and works.

Earthing/Grounding of solar generator

8.1

Delivery, installation and connection for the earthing/grounding of solar inverter


(modules, structures, cable channels and connection boxes) including all necessary
material and works.

Installation of inverters and AC-cables from inverters to transformer

9.1

Receiving and unloading of inverters (delivered by GB) with appropriate vehicle (e.g.
fork lift truck)

9.2

Check of inverters delivered with delivery note and visual inspection of delivered
inverters

9.3

Transport to service station with appropriate vehicles (e.g. fork lift truck) and installation
in service station.

9.4

Delivery, installation and connection between the inverters and transformers of Cables
NYY (or similar) including all necessary material and works.

9.5

Delivery, installation and connection of remote monitoring system including all


necessary material and works.

10

Transformers, metering and safety system and switch board medium Voltage

10.1

Delivery, installation and connection of transformers for medium voltage, metering and
safety system as well as switch board for medium voltage level including all necessary
material and works. The components have to accomplish all national regulations and
norms.

26

11
11.1

Delivery, installation and connection of a low voltage connection point, metering and
safety system for auxiliary power (e.g. for the inverters, lights, sockets, etc.) including all
necessary material and works. The components have to accomplish all national
regulations and norms.
Lightning protection for service station
Delivery, installation and connection of lightning arresters for the service stations.

12

Site facilities

12.1

Delivery, installation and operation of office for project management/site management


with all installation like electricity, light, telephone/fax, etc. including all necessary
material and works

12.2

Delivery, installation and operation of containers for the construction team including all
necessary material and works

12.3

Delivery, installation and operation of storage facilities for all components, material and
tools, etc. including all necessary material and works

12.4

Delivery, installation and operation of containers with bathroom/lavatory facilities


including all necessary material and works

12.5

Delivery, installation and operation of temporary power generator for electricity on site.
including all necessary material and works

12.6

Delivery, installation and operation of containers for the collection of waste. including all
necessary material and works

13

Documentation

13.1

Provide and deliver a complete documentation with all drawings ,plans, datasheets,
statics, calculations, measurements etc.

10.2

27

12 Budgetary cost for 1 MWp power plant


Turnkey Supply of PV plant including Modules (Full EPC)
Price for1MWp

INR 7.5 Cr (Approx)

Price in words

Rs Seven Cr & fifty lac

13 Retention clause
LObel Solar Power System obligation to fulfill this agreement is subject to
the provision that the fulfillment is not prevented by any impediments arising
out of national and international foreign trade and customs requirements or any
embargos or other sanctions.

14 Transportation
We have included estimation of transportation prices for all components.
Our prices include delivery to suitable nearby port and consecutive trucking to
the site, assuming that the roads allow for unhindered traffic of heavy loaded
vehicles.

15 Insurance
Following insurances are included in our scope of supplies
Transportation insurance
Construction all risk insurance

16 Currency and taxes


The prices are stated in rupees.
Tolerance accepted will be 2% of the Exchange rate taken into consideration.
The price is exclusive of all applicable taxes and duties.

17 Contractual conditions
The budgetary offer is based on:
The terms and conditions as stated in this budgetary offer
LObel Solar Power System EPC contract for 1 MWp Photovoltaic (PV) power
plant

28

18 Transparency and compliance


LObel Solar Power System has set itself the target of being one of the
worlds best companies in terms of transparency and compliance. By
strengthening our compliance program and internal controls we have taken an
important step towards this target. However, we also need your assistance. We
have a zero tolerance policy for any illegal or unethical behavior and our appeal to
you is: should you detect any misconduct on the part of our employees, please
inform us to this effect immediately.

19 Bid validity
This offer is valid until 10.6.2012.

21.

Warranties and Securities

Our PV power plant with central inverter systems are designed for a technical
life of more than 25 years with highest efficiency and availability. The parts of the
offered plant and the used materials for installations are selected for their durability:
Support structures from durable aluminum and galvanized steel with
stainless steel fixing materials, with special attention to the design process for
the fixing method of the modules.
Engineering and installation of cabling, connections and coupling cabinets
suitable for long life operation by applying amongst other things; multicontact connectors, special cables, etc.
All warranties have to reflect site and project specific terms and conditions
The warranty period will be 5 years.
The warranties are conditioned by LObel Solar Power System carrying out
service and maintenance under a service and maintenance contract for the
duration of warranty period.

22.

Project Plan / Time of Erection


The delivery time of the plant is dependent on several factors still to be clarified

Grid access to the public high voltage net


Presentation of all approvals (e.g. operation and net connecting approvals)
Delivery times of the components
Exact topographical details on the finalization of the PV field layouts
29

Condition of thee ground: effort for possible excavation/screwing foundation


Utility demands and grid access conditions
Module availability

23.

General Reservation

LObel Solar Power System the right to modify, at any time and at our
discretion, technical terms and conditions stated in the offer.
We hope our offer has sparked your interest, and look forward to hearing
from you at your earliest convenience.

Note: The above pricing is based on standard ideal site condition.


Any further need at site or any change order will be changed extra.

For
Promise for continuous power

Lobel Solar Power System

URL: www.lobelpower.com | www.lobelpower.in


M ID: lobelpower@gmail.com | info@lobelpower.com

Er. Chintan Gandhi


093-270-07854

Contact me:

Gujarat, India-09327007852
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Company

30

lobelpower

lobel.solar