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STATUTORY INTERPRETATIONS

DNVGL-SI-0364

Edition July 2015

SOLAS interpretations

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DNV GL AS

FOREWORD
The DNV GL statutory interpretations contain the Society's own interpretations of statutory regulations.
These are valid when not instructed otherwise by the flag or coastal state administration, and when no
interpretations exist from IACS or regulatory bodies. The publication covers only selected relevant topics
and shall under no circumstances be taken as the Societys complete interpretations of such regulations.

DNV GL AS July 2015


Any comments may be sent by e-mail to rules@dnvgl.com

If any person suffers loss or damage which is proved to have been caused by any negligent act or omission of DNV GL, then DNV GL shall pay compensation to
such person for his proved direct loss or damage. However, the compensation shall not exceed an amount equal to ten times the fee charged for the service in
question, provided that the maximum compensation shall never exceed USD 2 million.
In this provision DNV GL shall mean DNV GL AS, its direct and indirect owners as well as all its affiliates, subsidiaries, directors, officers, employees, agents
and any other acting on behalf of DNV GL.

General
This document supersedes DNV Statutory Interpretations, September 2013.
Text affected by the main changes in this edition is highlighted in red colour. However, if the changes
involve a whole chapter, section or sub-section, normally only the title will be in red colour.
On 12 September 2013, DNV and GL merged to form DNV GL Group. On 25 November 2013 Det Norske
Veritas AS became the 100% shareholder of Germanischer Lloyd SE, the parent company of the GL Group,
and on 27 November 2013 Det Norske Veritas AS, company registration number 945 748 931, changed its
name to DNV GL AS. For further information, see www.dnvgl.com. Any reference in this document to Det
Norske Veritas AS, Det Norske Veritas, DNV, GL, Germanischer Lloyd SE, GL Group or any other
legal entity name or trading name presently owned by the DNV GL Group shall therefore also be considered
a reference to DNV GL AS.

Main changes July 2015, entering into force 1 January 2016

Introduction

Item 3: Certificates and documents to be carried on board ships: Clarification with respect to list of
operational limitations has been added.

SOLAS Ch.II-1

II-1 general: Documentation requirements for flooding detection system have been added for passenger
ships carrying more than 36 persons.
II-1/8.1: System capabilities after a flooding casualty on passenger ships.
II-1/12: Practice with regard to butterfly valves versus screw down valves has been included.
II-1/22.1: Requirements for the flooding detection system have been added.

SOLAS Ch.II-2

II-2 general: Documentation requirements for Safe Return to Port have been amended.
II-2/21 and 22: Various interpretations of SOLAS regulations on SRtP and interpretations of MSC.1/
Circ.1369 have been added.
II-2/14: Maintenance intervals and scope have been changed.

FSS code Ch.5

FSS code Ch.5.2.2: Flexible hoses may be approved by any approval body.

SOLAS Ch.V

V/18.1: Valid type approval certificate is required also for long-range identification and tracking of ships
(LRIT).
V/19:Carriage requirements for shipborne navigational systems and equipment have been amended.

Editorial corrections
In addition to the above stated main changes, editorial corrections may have been made.

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Changes current

CHANGES CURRENT

CHANGES CURRENT .................................................................................................. 3


Sec.1

Sec.2

Sec.3

Introduction .................................................................................................. 8
1.1

General...................................................................................................8
1.1.1 Objective ......................................................................................8
1.1.2 Classification principles ...................................................................8
1.1.3 Statutory certification .....................................................................8
1.1.4 Definitions ....................................................................................8
1.1.5 Restricted use ...............................................................................8

1.2

Applicable statutory requirements .........................................................8


1.2.1 Application ....................................................................................8
1.2.2 IACS Unified Interpretations (IACS UIs) ............................................8
1.2.3 Amendments and adoption..............................................................9

1.3

Certificates and documents to be carried on board ships .......................9

SOLAS Ch. II-1: Construction ...................................................................... 10


2.1

General.................................................................................................10

2.2

Documentation requirements ...............................................................10

2.3

SOLAS II-1/3-5 New installation of materials containing asbestos .....10

2.4

SOLAS II-1/3-9 Means of embarkation on and disembarkation


from ships ............................................................................................10

2.5

SOLAS Reg. II-1/8-1 System capabilities after a flooding casualty on


passenger ships ...................................................................................11

2.6

SOLAS II-1/12 Peak and machinery space bulkheads, shaft tunnels,


etc. .......................................................................................................11

2.7

SOLAS Reg. II-1/22.1 Flooding detection system ................................11

SOLAS Ch. II-2: Construction fire protection,


fire detection and fire extinction, FSS code, IMSBC code............................. 12
3.1

General.................................................................................................12

3.2

Documentation requirements ...............................................................12

3.3

SOLAS II-2/3 Definitions .....................................................................16

3.4

SOLAS II-2/5 Fire growth potential .....................................................16


3.4.1 Control of air supply and flammable liquid to the space ..................... 16
3.4.2 Fire protection materials ............................................................... 16

3.5

SOLAS II-2/6 Smoke generation potential and toxicity ........................16


3.5.1 Paints, varnishes and other finishes, primary deck coverings.............. 16

3.6

SOLAS II-2/7 Detection and alarm.......................................................16


3.6.1 Requirements of the FSS Code Ch.9 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm
systems...................................................................................... 17

3.7

SOLAS II-2/8 Control of smoke spread ................................................17


3.7.1 Protection of control stations outside machinery spaces..................... 17

3.8

SOLAS II-2/9 Containment of fire ........................................................17


3.8.1 Thermal and structural boundaries ................................................. 17
3.8.2 Protection of openings in fire-resisting divisions .............................. 18
3.8.3 Protection of openings in machinery space boundaries ...................... 19
3.8.4 Ventilation systems ...................................................................... 19

3.9

SOLAS II-2/10 Fire fighting .................................................................19


3.9.1 Water supply systems .................................................................. 19
3.9.2 Portable fire extinguishers............................................................. 20

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Contents

CONTENTS

3.9.7
3.9.8

FSS Code Ch.4.3 Engineering specifications ..................................... 20


Fixed fire-extinguishing systems .................................................... 20
Fire-extinguishing arrangements in machinery spaces ....................... 20
Fire-extinguishing arrangements in control stations, accommodation
and service spaces ....................................................................... 20
Fire-extinguishing arrangements in cargo spaces.............................. 21
Fire-fighters outfits...................................................................... 21

3.10 SOLAS II-2/13 Means of escape...........................................................21


3.10.1 Means of escape from control stations, accommodation spaces and
service spaces ............................................................................. 21
3.10.2 Means of escape from machinery spaces ......................................... 24
3.10.3 Emergency escape breathing devices (EEBDs) ................................. 24
3.10.4 Means of escape from ro-ro spaces................................................. 25
3.10.5 Additional requirements for ro-ro passenger ships ............................ 25
3.10.6 FSS Code Ch.13 Arrangements of means of escape .......................... 25
3.11 SOLAS II-2/14 Operational readiness and maintenance ......................26
3.11.1 II-2/14.2 General requirements ..................................................... 26
3.12 SOLAS II-2/15 Instructions, onboard training and drills......................34
3.12.1 Fire control plan........................................................................... 34
3.13 SOLAS II-2/18 Helicopter facilities ......................................................34
3.13.1 Structure .................................................................................... 34
3.13.2 Fire-fighting appliances................................................................. 34
3.13.3 Helicopter refuelling and hangar facilities ........................................ 34
3.14 SOLAS II-2/19 Carriage of dangerous goods .......................................35
3.14.1 General ...................................................................................... 35
3.14.2 Ventilation .................................................................................. 35
3.14.3 Wire mesh guard for ventilation openings........................................ 35
3.14.4 Spark arresting screens as equivalent protection to wire mesh guards. 35
3.14.5 Portable fire extinguishers............................................................. 35
3.14.6 Equivalencies to dry powder .......................................................... 35
3.14.7 Document of compliance ............................................................... 35
3.15 The international maritime solid bulk cargoes (IMSBC) code ...............36
3.15.1 Substances which may self-heat .................................................... 36
3.16 SOLAS II-2/20 Protection of vehicle, special category and
ro-ro spaces .........................................................................................36
3.16.1 Precaution against ignition of flammable vapours in closed vehicle
spaces, closed ro-ro spaces and special category spaces ................... 36
3.17 SOLAS II-2/21 Casualty threshold, safe return to port and safe areas
and SOLAS II-2/22 Design criteria for systems to remain operational
after a fire casualty ..............................................................................36
3.17.1 Casualty threshold ....................................................................... 37
3.17.2 Safe return to port ...................................................................... 37
3.17.3 Navigational systems.................................................................... 37
3.17.4 Internal communications .............................................................. 38
3.17.5 External communications .............................................................. 38
3.17.6 Manual actions ............................................................................ 39
3.17.7 Tests and trials ............................................................................ 39
3.18 FSS Code Ch.5 Fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems ............................41
3.18.1 General requirements for all gas fire-extinguishing systems ............... 41
3.18.2 General requirements for CO2 fire-extinguishing systems .................. 42
3.18.3 Fire-extinguishing systems for cargo holds ...................................... 44
3.18.4 CO2 high pressure fire-extinguishing systems for machinery spaces,
cargo handling spaces and ro-ro spaces .......................................... 45

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Contents

3.9.3
3.9.4
3.9.5
3.9.6

3.19 FSS Code Ch.6 Fixed foam fire extinguishing systems ..........................46
3.19.1 General requirements to high expansion and inside air foam systems.. 46
3.20 FSS Code Ch.10 Sample extraction smoke detection systems...............50
Sec.4

Sec.5

SOLAS Ch. III: Lifesaving arrangement, LSA code....................................... 51


4.1

General.................................................................................................51

4.2

Documentation requirements ...............................................................51

4.3

Passenger ships and cargo ships ..........................................................52


4.3.1 SOLAS III/3 Definitions................................................................. 52
4.3.2 SOLAS III/4 Evaluation, testing and approval of life-saving appliances
and arrangements, and SOLAS III/5 Production tests........................ 52
4.3.3 SOLAS III/6 Communications ........................................................ 52
4.3.4 SOLAS III/7 Personal life-saving appliances ..................................... 54
4.3.5 SOLAS III/11 Survival craft muster and embarkation arrangements.... 54
4.3.6 SOLAS III/13 Stowage of survival craft ........................................... 55
4.3.7 SOLAS III/16 Survival craft launching and recovery arrangements...... 55
4.3.8 SOLAS III/17 Rescue boat embarkation, launching and recovery
arrangements.............................................................................. 55
4.3.9 SOLAS III/21 Survival craft and rescue boats .................................. 56
4.3.10 SOLAS III/22 Personal life-saving appliances ................................... 56
4.3.11 SOLAS III/26 Additional requirements for ro-ro passenger ships......... 56

4.4

Cargo
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3

4.5

Life-saving appliances and arrangements requirements (LSA-code) ...57


4.5.1 LSA-Code Ch.IV, Regulation 4.7 Free-fall lifeboats ............................ 57
4.5.2 LSA-Code Ch.VI Launching and embarkation appliances .................... 57

SOLAS Ch. IV: Radio communications


global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS) ................................. 58
5.1

Sec.6

Sec.7

ships (additional requirements) .................................................56


SOLAS III/31 Survival craft and rescue boats .................................. 56
SOLAS III/32 Personal life-saving appliances ................................... 56
SOLAS III/33 Survival craft embarkation and launching arrangements 57

Document requirements ......................................................................58


5.1.1 SOLAS IV/6 - Radio installations .................................................... 58
5.1.2 SOLAS IV/7 - Radio equipment - general......................................... 58
5.1.3 SOLAS IV/13.3 - Sources of energy ................................................ 59
5.1.4 SOLAS IV/15 - Maintenance requirements ....................................... 59
5.1.5 SOLAS IV/16 - Radio personnel...................................................... 59

SOLAS Ch.V: Safety of navigation ................................................................ 61


6.1

Documentation requirements ...............................................................61

6.2

SOLAS V/18 Approval, surveys and performance standards of


navigational systems and equipment and voyage data recorder ..........61

6.3

SOLAS V/19 Carriage requirements for shipborne navigational


systems and equipment........................................................................61

6.4

SOLAS V/23 Pilot ladder arrangements ................................................62

6.5

SOLAS V/28 Records of navigational activities and daily reporting ......63

SOLAS Ch.IX: Management for the safe operation of ships, ISM code ......... 64
7.1

5 Master's responsibility and authority ................................................64

7.2

12 Company verification, review and evaluation ..................................64

7.3

Resolution A.1022(26) Guidelines on the implementation of the


international safety management (ISM) code by administrations ........64
7.3.1 The certification process ............................................................... 64

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Contents

3.18.5 Low pressure CO2 systems ............................................................ 45


3.18.6 Equivalent fixed gas fire extinguishing systems ................................ 46

SOLAS Ch.XI-2: Special measures to enhance maritime security................. 64


8.1

SOLAS XI-2/6 Ship security alert system .............................................64

App. A Test program and acceptance criteria for water mist sprinkler system
fitted in accommodation and service spaces ............................................... 65

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Contents

Sec.8

SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 General
1.1.1 Objective
1.1.1.1 This publication presents the Society's interpretations of International Convention for the Safety
of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974 as amended. Such interpretations may be on matters which are left to the
satisfaction of the flag administration or are vaguely worded. Interpretation of requirements described in
this publication, are given in those circumstances where no Flag requirement, no IACS Unified
Interpretations (UIs) or no other interpretations exist.
1.1.1.2 This publication covers only selected topics and shall under no circumstances be taken as the
Society's complete interpretations of SOLAS.

1.1.2 Classification principles


See DNV GL rules for classification, General regulations (DNVGL-RU-0050).

1.1.3 Statutory certification


1.1.3.1 The Society undertakes statutory certification on behalf of flag administrations when and to the
extent the Society has been authorised to do so by the individual flag administration. Statutory certification
includes inter alia approval, survey and the issuance of statutory certificates. See further DNV rules Pt.1
Ch.1 Sec.1 D / GL rules I -0 Sec. 2 A.1.3.
1.1.3.2 When statutory certification is undertaken, the document requirements for approval and the
survey requirements are based on IMO resolution A.1053(27), Survey Guidelines under the Harmonized
System of Survey and Certification, 20011 as amended by Res. A.1076(28), unless otherwise specified in
this publication. The IMO guideline is also applied as applicable for the HSC Code and the MODU Code.
1.1.3.3 For general requirements to documentation, including definition of the info codes, see the DNV
rules Pt.0 Ch.3 Sec.1 and Sec.2 / GL rules I Part 0, Sec. D.2.

1.1.4 Definitions
See DNV rules Pt.1 Ch.1 Sec.1 A./ GL rules I-0, Section 1 A.3, Section 3 B and Section 5 A.1.1.

1.1.5 Restricted use


These statutory interpretations are under the sole ownership rights and copyrights of the Society. It is
prohibited by anyone else than the Society to offer and/or perform classification, certification or verification
services including issuance of certificates and/or declarations of conformity, wholly or partly, on the basis
of and/or pursuant to these interpretations without the Society's prior written consent. The Society is not
responsible for the consequences arising from any use of these interpretations by others.

1.2 Applicable statutory requirements


1.2.1 Application
When the Society acts on behalf of a flag administration, the Society follows international statutory
instruments, IACS Unified Interpretations and DNV GL statutory interpretations, and generally follows
guidance issued by IMO in Circulars etc. unless the flag administration has instructed the Society otherwise.

1.2.2 IACS Unified Interpretations (IACS UIs)


An overview and the text of all IACS UIs are given on IACS homepage, http://www.iacs.org.uk/ and in the
IMO-Vega database that can be ordered through IMO or DNV GL.

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1.2.3 Amendments and adoption


New and amended statutory interpretations (SI) shall be applied from 6 months after date of publishing,
unless otherwise noted. Interpretations shall however only be applied for vessels where the relevant part
of the convention or code is in force.

1.3 Certificates and documents to be carried on board ships


Annex to FAL.2/Circ.127-MEPC.1/Circ.817-MSC.1/Circ.1462 identifies certificates and documents required
to be carried on board ships.
Passenger Ships and SPS vessels subject to compliance with the Safe Return to Port requirements shall
carry on board documentation as per para 7.4 of MSC.1/Circ. 1369 and (for passenger ships) have a
reference to the related capabilities in the List of Operational Limitations (ref. SOLAS Regulation V/30)
according to para 7.5 in the Circular.

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SECTION 2 SOLAS CH. II-1: CONSTRUCTION


2.1 General
For non-propelled vessels or cargo vessels with a tonnage of less than 500 (length of less than 24 meters
regarding load line), IACS Rec. No. 99 or national requirements may be applied for issuance of safety
certificates. For such units, an MO will be issued identifying the standard applied.

2.2 Documentation requirements


For cargo vessels of 500 gross tonnage and above when the government of the flag state has authorised
the Society to issue the SOLAS safety construction certificate (CCC) on their behalf, documentation shall be
submitted according to Table 1:
Table 1 Documentation requirements
Object

Documentation type

Additional description

Info

Accommodation ladder/
Gangway

C060 Mechanical component documentation

AP

Z030 Arrangement plan

AP

For passenger ships carrying 36 or more persons constructed on or after 1 July 2010, documentation shall
be submitted according to Table 2:
Table 2 Documentation requirement- passenger ships carrying 36 or more persons constructed on or after
1 July 2010
Object

Document type

Additional description

Info

Flooding detection system

Z030 - System arrangement plan

Indicating the location of water level


detectors

AP

I200 Control and monitoring system


documentation

System that detect and warn of


water ingress to watertight spaces.

AP

2.3 SOLAS II-1/3-5 New installation of materials containing


asbestos
DNV GL will apply IACS Unified Interpretation SC 249 and review declarations documenting that relevant
new installations are asbestos-free as part of annual survey of the safety construction certificate (or
equivalent certificate).
Missing declarations is not in itself considered a finding according to the convention, but if there is evidence
that the procurement is not sufficiently controlled, DNV GL will notify the issuer of the Safety Management
Certificate in accordance with IACS PR17.

2.4 SOLAS II-1/3-9 Means of embarkation on and


disembarkation from ships
MSC Circ.1331 shall be followed to obtain compliance with requirements in Regulation 3-9.
For gangways for ship to shore the following is required:
Type approval based on documentation and prototype testing in accordance with ISO 7061,or case by
case approval.
Gangway delivered to yard with Works certificate/Declaration of conformity confirming that it has been
load tested at maker
No initial testing onboard the vessel, provided satisfactory work certificate. If not confirmed tested by
maker, testing at NB yard required.
For accommodation ladders the following is required:
Type approval based on documentation and prototype testing in accordance with ISO 5488/ISO7364 or
case by case approval

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Product certificate, for the accommodation ladder including its winch


Initial function and load testing onboard.
Small freeboard:
Vessels with small freeboard may be exempted from carrying gangways or accommodation ladders.
Exemptions will from case to case be based on decision made by the flag administration.
Boarding ramp:
A boarding ramp is a gangway with less than 2 meters length.

2.5 SOLAS Reg. II-1/8-1 System capabilities after a flooding


casualty on passenger ships
Watertight compartment means any space below the bulkhead deck within watertight boundaries.
After a flooding casualty within the casualty threshold, it is not required that the ship is capable of returning
to port under its own propulsion.
Guidance note:
This applies to the speed and performance of the vessel in the water, which may be negatively impaired by a flooding casualty.
Apart from this, the requirements for the system capabilities including the duration of operation after a flooding casualty are the same
as for the fire casualty.
All pipes and vent ducts passing through (not serving) a compartment affected by a flooding casualty are considered to remain
operational provided they, including relevant fittings, are capable of withstanding the head of water expected at their location.
Power and data cables are considered to continue to work in a space affected by a flooding casualty, provided they have no
connections, no joints, no equipment connected to them, etc., within such space, or such connections, joints and devices shall have
a suitable degree of protection according to the conditions and head of water expected at their location for a period not shorter than
estimated for the safe return to port.
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e---

For general requirements to system capabilities after a flooding casualty, refer to the interpretations for
SOLAS Reg. II-2/21 and 22.

2.6 SOLAS II-1/12 Peak and machinery space bulkheads, shaft


tunnels, etc.
SOLAS II-1/12.5.1 requires screw-down valves fitted on the collision bulkhead piping penetrations.
Butterfly valves may be fitted if this is accepted by the Flag State Administration. Regardless, the valves
shall be fitted to the bulkhead in such a way that the adjacent piping can be disconnected without interfering
with the watertight integrity of the bulkhead.

2.7 SOLAS Reg. II-1/22.1 Flooding detection system


The flooding detection system shall fulfil the general control and monitoring system requirements given in
DNV rules Pt.4 Ch.9 / GL rules I-Pt.1-Ch.3-Sec. 9.

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SECTION 3 SOLAS CH. II-2: CONSTRUCTION FIRE PROTECTION,


FIRE DETECTION AND FIRE EXTINCTION, FSS CODE, IMSBC CODE
3.1 General
For non-propelled vessels or cargo vessels with a tonnage of less than 500, IACS Rec. No. 99 or national
requirements may be applied for issuance of safety certificates. For such units, an Memo to Owner (MO)
will be issued identifying the standard applied.

3.2 Documentation requirements


For cargo vessels of less than 500 gross tonnage assigned main class and which are in line with IACS IG2
for ships with unrestricted service, documentation shall be submitted according to Table 1:
Table 1 Documentation requirements - cargo vessels of less than 500 gross tonnage assigned main class
Object

Documentation type

Safety general

G040 Fire control plan

AP

Structural fire protection


arrangements

G060 Structural fire protection


drawing

AP

G061 Penetration drawings

AP

S010 Piping diagram (PD)

AP

S030 Capacity analysis

AP

Fire water system

Additional description

Z030 Arrangement plan


Fixed fire-extinguishing systems

G200 Fixed fire extinguishing


system documentation

Escape routes

G120 Escape route drawing

Info

AP
All installed systems

AP
AP

For fire safety component and systems, the following shall be submitted for approval or review:
copies of the DNV GL type approval certificates, or
fire test reports for the constructions and equipment which shall be used onboard, or
type approval certificate issued by flag state (including MED as applicable).
For cargo vessels of 500 gross tonnage and above assigned main class, documentation shall be submitted
according to Table 2:
Table 2 Documentation requirements - cargo vessels of 500 gross tonnage and above assigned main class
Object

Documentation type

Safety general

G040 Fire control plan

Additional description

Info
FI

For cargo vessels of 500 gross tonnage and above when the government of the flag state has authorised
the Society to issue the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate (CCC) and the Cargo Ship Safety
Equipment Certificate (CEC) on their behalf, documentation shall be submitted according to Table 3:
Table 3 Documentation requirements - vessels of 500 gross tonnage and above, Society authorised to
issue CEC and CCC
Object

Documentation type

Safety general

G040 Fire control plan

AP

Structural fire protection


arrangements

G060 Structural fire protection


drawing

AP

G061 Penetration drawings

AP

Ventilation systems
Fire detection and alarm system

Additional description

Info

S012 Ducting diagram

AP

S061 Duct routing sketch

AP

I200 Control and monitoring


system documentation

AP

Z030 Arrangement plan

AP

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Table 3 Documentation requirements - vessels of 500 gross tonnage and above, Society authorised to
issue CEC and CCC
Object
Fire water system

Documentation type

Additional description

Info

S010 Piping diagram (PD)

AP

S030 Capacity analysis

AP

Z030 Arrangement plan


Fixed fire-extinguishing systems

G200 Fixed fire extinguishing


system documentation

Escape routes

G120 Escape route drawing

AP
All installed systems

AP
AP

For constructions and equipment required by SOLAS to be tested in accordance with the Fire Test Procedure
Code, the following applies:
copies of the certificates of approval and fire test reports for the equipment that shall be used onboard,
but which have not been approved by the Society or the government of the flag state, shall be submitted
for approval.
For passenger vessels of 500 gross tonnage and above when the government of the flag state has
authorised the Society to issue the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate (PSSC) on their behalf, documentation
shall be submitted according to Table 4:
Table 4 Documentation requirements passenger vessels, Society authorised to issue PSSC
Object

Documentation type

Safety general

G040 Fire control plan

Fire resisting and non-combustible


materials

M020 Material specification, fire


related properties

Structural fire protection


arrangements

G060 Structural fire protection


drawing

Additional description

Info

Surface materials, insulation


materials, primary deck coverings,
textiles, furniture and bedding.

AP

AP

AP

G061 Penetration drawings

AP

Fire doors control and monitoring


system

I200 Control and monitoring


system documentation

AP

Fire detection and alarm system

I200 Control and monitoring


system documentation

AP

Z030 Arrangement plan

AP

Fire water system

S010 Piping diagram (PD)

AP

S030 Capacity analysis

AP

Z030 Arrangement plan

AP

Fixed fire-extinguishing systems

G200 Fixed fire extinguishing


system documentation

AP

Emergency escape

G100 Escape and evacuation


study

AP

Escape routes

G120 Escape route drawing

AP

Ventilation systems

S012 Ducting diagram

AP

S061 Duct routing sketch

AP

Low location lights

E190 Lighting description

AP

Z030 Arrangement plan

AP

For passenger ships and Special Purpose Vessels subject to compliance with SOLAS Reg. II-1/8.1, Reg. II2/21 (Safe Return to Port) and 22 (Orderly Evacuation and Abandonment), and where the society is
authorised to issue the PSSC, documentation shall be submitted for approval in accordance with MSC.1/
Circ.1369. The documents are described in Table 5 and Table 6.
Table 5 contains the overall documentation requirements; Table 6 contains documentation related to each
individual system covered by Reg.II-2/21.4 including electric power systems and integrated control and
safety systems.
Note that the various documentation requirements may be combined in common documents, if practical.

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Further guidance on the contents on some of the documents is given under Reg.II-2/21 interpretations.
Table 5 SRtP documentation requirement, general
Object

Document type

Additional description

Safe return to port capability

Z050 - Design philosophy

A document including general vessel


information, description of redundancy
design intent to meet the design
requirements given in SOLAS Reg. II-1/
8.1, Reg.II-2/21 and 22, specification of
casualties and specification of ship
capability following a casualty

Z030 Arrangement plan*)

A general arrangement drawing showing


the separated areas serving the duplicated
machinery systems (e.g zone A and B) for
the purpose of safe return to port
capabilities (Basis for arrangement and
cable and pipe routing of the individual
systems / functions required by SRtP.)
The location and arrangement of the
navigational equipment required to be
operational after a lost bridge scenario
shall be included.

Z030 Arrangement plan

A general arrangement plan identifying


spaces which:
i)

are provided with a fixed fire


extinguishing system

ii)

are of negligible fire risk (IMO MSC.1/


Circ. 1369, Int. 8)

iii) includes all A-class and MVZ


boundaries
iv) includes watertight boundaries
Remaining spaces will have a fire risk and
are not protected, hence adjacent (limited
by MZV bulkhead) and above spaces
should be considered as lost in case of a
fire in the space in question.
Z030 Arrangement plan

A general arrangement plan identifying


safe areas, including capacity calculations

Z071 Assessment report

SRtP Assessment report


Conclusive structured assessment of the
systems listed in Reg. 21.4 and Reg.
22.3.1, electric power system and control
and safety systems upon applicable failure
modes specified in Reg. 8-1, 21.3 and 22,
to demonstrate that the intents of the SRtP
design philosophy are fulfilled in the actual
design.

Z140 - Test procedure for quay and


sea trial

1)

Identifying tests deemed necessary for


demonstrating SRtP compliance, refer
to interpretation for Tests and trials
MSC.1/Circ.1369 7.3.4.2

*): Applicable for the systems that are duplicated to provide propulsion and manoeuvring capabilities in a
return to port mode, refer to below interpretation [3.17.2] Safe return to Port.

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Table 6 SRtP documentation requirement for each of the systems listed in SOLAS Reg.II-2/21.4 and 22.3.1
including electric power system and integrated control and safety system
Object

Document type

Propulsion, steering, navigation;


Z050 Design philosophy
fill, transfer and service of fuel oil,
internal communication,
external communication,
fire main,
Z030 - Arrangement plan
fixed fire extinguishing,
fire and smoke detection,
bilge and ballast,
watertight and semi-watertight doors, I060 - Principal cable routing
sketch
systems intended to support safe
areas,
flooding detection,
electric power system
integrated control and safety system

Additional description

Info

System design philosophy / Concept.


Specification of required system
capabilities upon casualties as
specified in Reg. 8-1, 21.3 and 22.

AP

Documentation of location and


arrangement of system components
including routing of pipes

AP

Documentation of physical routing of


power- and control cables that are
relevant for maintaining the system
capabilities as specified in the SRtP
philosophy.

AP

Documents for all cargo vessels and passenger vessels when the government of the flag state has
authorized the Society to issue the SOLAS Document of Compliance for the carriage of dangerous goods
(IDG, IDG-B and IDG-P) on their behalf, shall be submitted for approval according to Table 7:
Table 7 Documentation requirements for certificates IDG, IDG-B and IDG-P, and tankers:
Applicable to tankers and vehicle Ro-ro spaces
Object

Documentation type

Hazardous areas

G080 Hazardous area


classification drawing

Additional description

AP

Electrical equipment in hazardous


areas

E090 Table of Ex-installation

AP

Structural fire protection

G060 Structural fire protection


drawing

Fire water supply and distribution


system

S010 Piping diagram (PD)

AP

S030 Capacity analysis

AP

Z030 Arrangement plan

AP

Fixed fire extinguishing system in


cargo holds

G200 Fixed fire extinguishing


system documentation

AP

Cargo handling arrangements

Z330 Cargo list

FI

Ventilation system

S012 Ducting diagram

Bilge handling system

S010 Piping Diagram (PD)

Bulkheads and decks separating


cargo spaces from machinery
spaces and accommodation

Cargo holds, cargo handling spaces


and spaces having openings into
those spaces

Info

AP

AP

AP

Additional requirements for tankers


Inert gas system

S010 Piping diagram (PD)

Fixed hydrocarbon gas detection


and alarm system

I200 Control and monitoring


system documentation
Z030 Arrangement plan

Applicable for cargoes requiring


inerting of cargo holds

AP
AP

Detectors call points and alarm


devices

AP

Cargo temperature monitoring


system

I200 Control and monitoring


system documentation

AP

Fixed oxygen indication system

I200 Control and monitoring


system documentation

AP

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Table 7 Documentation requirements for certificates IDG, IDG-B and IDG-P, and tankers:
Applicable to tankers and vehicle Ro-ro spaces
Object

Documentation type

Fixed toxic gas detection and alarm


system

I200 Control and monitoring


system documentation

Additional description

Info
AP

Additional requirements for vehicle spaces


Fire detection and alarm system

Z030 Arrangement plan

AP

Fixed fire extinguishing system in


vehicle, special category and ro/ro
spaces

G200 Fixed fire extinguishing


system documentation

AP

3.3 SOLAS II-2/3 Definitions


Regulation 3.1
Induction cooking tops with power output up to 5 kW (called induction heaters in IMO MSC/Circ.1120, 3.1
sub item 1, as amended by MSC/Circ. 1436) are allowed used in pantries and dining rooms.
Regulation 3.31
A space that cannot be entered independently of machinery spaces of category A shall also be regarded as
a machinery space of category A.

3.4 SOLAS II-2/5 Fire growth potential


3.4.1 Control of air supply and flammable liquid to the space
Regulation 5.2.1.2
This applies to all ventilation fans (circulation fans included).

3.4.2 Fire protection materials


Regulation 5.3.1
Neither combustible nor oil-absorbing materials shall be used as flooring, bulkhead lining, ceiling or deck in
the engine control room, machinery spaces, shaft tunnel or rooms where oil tanks are located.

3.5 SOLAS II-2/6 Smoke generation potential and toxicity


3.5.1 Paints, varnishes and other finishes, primary deck coverings
Regulation 6.2 and 5.3
The first footnote to the table on page 29 in MSC/Circ.1120 is explaining that the term exposed surfaces
used in regulation II-2/5.3.2.4.1.1 to include the floor coverings. Thus, the requirement for low flamespread in column (D) in the table will apply to the floor coverings in corridors and stairways and not to the
floor coverings in cabins and public spaces.
The term exposed interior surfaces in regulation 6.2 is normally interpreted to have the same meaning as
exposed surfaces mentioned above. However, since the footnote is not indicated for the requirement for
smoke and toxic products in column (E) in the table, the smoke and toxicity test for floor coverings in cabins
and public spaces are not required.

3.6 SOLAS II-2/7 Detection and alarm


Regulation 7.7
When corridors have two exits to open deck, one manually operated call point is required at each of the
exits. Additional manually operated call point at the internal exit to e.g. stairway is not required as long as
the 20 m distance requirement is not exceeded.

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3.6.1 Requirements of the FSS Code Ch.9 Fixed fire detection and fire
alarm systems
FSS Code Ch.9.2.1.1
When it is intended that a particular section or detector shall be temporarily switched off, this state shall be
clearly indicated. Reactivation of the section or detector shall be performed automatically after a preset
time.
FSS Code Ch.9.2.3.1
When fire detectors are provided with the means to adjust their sensitivity, necessary arrangements shall
be ensured to fix and identify the set point.

3.7 SOLAS II-2/8 Control of smoke spread


3.7.1 Protection of control stations outside machinery spaces
Regulation 8.2
As equally effective means, in case of ventilators these shall be fitted with steel dampers which shall be
easily closed within the control station in order to maintain the absence of smoke in the event of fire.

3.8 SOLAS II-2/9 Containment of fire


3.8.1 Thermal and structural boundaries
Regulation 9.2.2.3.2.2
In addition to electrical distribution boards, PA/audio-racks/DVD-players and similar electronic equipment
may also be located behind panels/lining within accommodation spaces subject to the following:
If located in an identifiable space having a deck area of less than 4 m2, this space is to be categorized
as (7) and be protected by smoke detectors and sprinklers. An identifiable space will normally be an
enclosure which can be walked into, with equipment accessed from inside the space.
If not located in an identifiable space but in an extended enclosure behind panels/lining, served from
the panel side, this enclosure is to be protected by smoke detectors. This should be the typical situation
for audio/video racks and distribution boards arranged in the open behind panels/lining.
Regulation 9.2.2.3.2.2
If two areas shall be treated as a common space the opening between these spaces shall be at least 30%
and the openings shall be communicating openings and permanent. Windows/glass is not considered to be
communicating openings which contribute to the 30% open requirement.
(5) Limited storage of petrol (e.g. for marinas and water-scooter) is accepted on open decks.
(8) Steam Rooms: If the amount of combustible materials exceeds what is specified in SOLAS II-2/5.3.2
the steam rooms to be treated as sauna with respect to fire protection.Slop chest like a normal shop where
crew go in, grab what they want and pay on the way out.
(9) Steam power pack/systems less than 5kW less and located inside the steam room.
(11) Cold Stores/refrigerated spaces shall have a temperature below +5C.
(13) Steam power pack exceeding 5 kW. Slop chest of a store type where there is a counter where crew
ask what they want and the keeper takes the item(s) from the shells and bring it (them) to the customer,
like in the hotel stores or machinery stores etc.
(14) Class I and class II liquids according to NFPA Fire Protection Handbook, shall be considered as
flammable liquids. Class I liquids have flash points below 100F (37.8C) and vapour pressures not
exceeding 40 psi at 100F (37.8C). Class II liquids have flash points at or above 100F (37.8C) and below
140F (60C).
(14) For not portable fuel tanks the requirements in II-2/18.7 of SOLAS shall be applied.

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Table 9.2
It is not considered reasonable to apply the superscript a relaxation for the deck between two galleys.
Therefore a C-class deck will not be accepted between two galleys. Either the deck shall be of class A-30
according to Table 9.2 or the deck shall be (at least 30%) open to provide one galley space on two deck
levels.
Regulation 9.2.3.3.2
(1) Navigation equipment room (radio transmitter). Battery rooms.
(5) Provision chambers shall be treated as store rooms. Refrigerated provision chambers are considered as
category (5) service spaces if thermally insulated with non-combustible materials.
(7) Electrical equipment rooms (auto telephone exchange, air conditioning duct spaces).
(10) Open deck are those spaces which have permanent openings towards open deck of not less than 30%
of the area of the greatest length of the space or 10% of the area of all vertical sides, whichever is greatest.
The space shall be naturally ventilated by permanent openings, which may be part of the calculated
openings above, to ensure that smoke will not accumulate.
1. When calculating 30% permanent openings against open deck the following procedure is to be used:
1.1. The greatest length of the room shall be considered as basis for calculating the required size of the
opening(s), this is not necessarily a bulkhead adjacent to the open deck.
1.2. If the permanent opening(s) are not located in the bulkhead of greatest length, openings may be
located in one of the shorter bulkheads. In addition, at least 20% of the required size of openings shall then
be installed in the bulkhead opposite to the bulkhead where the main openings are installed, or in the side
bulkheads. Openings located in the side bulkheads shall then be located such that they are closer to the
opposite bulkhead than to the bulkhead where the main opening(s) are provided. Preferably the additional
openings shall be located as close to the opposite bulkhead as possible.
1.3. Openings should be located as high in the bulkheads as possible.
1.4. In a room where only one of the shorter bulkheads are provided with permanent openings, and it is
not possible to install at least 20% of the required openings in opposite or side bulkheads as required above,
the room cannot be considered as open deck and have to be assigned a category other than 10.
Table 9.5
Footnote d):
A galley next to a provision room requires an A-0 bulkhead.
Table 9.5 to 9.8
Footnote *
The requirements to openings in way of emergency generator room apply to both air intakes and outlets.

3.8.2 Protection of openings in fire-resisting divisions


Regulation 9.4.1.2
Light fixtures inserted in B classceiling panels shall in general be made of metal. Plastic materials or other
combustible materials are not accepted. In general, any opening shall be arranged to maintain the integrity
and insulation. This will imply that boxes of same integrity and insulation shall be made to cover any holes
and openings for light fixtures. For smaller openings, e.g. for single spotlights with diameter of 80 mm or
less, this may be accepted without the above mentioned.
Regulation 9.4.2.2
Hold back arrangements with remote release are not accepted in engine room boundaries.
Regulation 9.4.2.4
Watertight doors in fire-resisting divisions shall be made of steel.

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3.8.3 Protection of openings in machinery space boundaries


Regulation 9.5
Hatches giving access to the engine room for the transport of goods shall be weather-tight. Where remote
control for closing of the hatch is not provided, a signboard to the effect that the hatch-cover shall be closed
at all times, except during transfer of goods, shall be posted.

3.8.4 Ventilation systems


Regulation 9.7.1.2.2
The regulation should be practised with or equivalent at the end of the sentence. One equivalent solution
is joining of 200/900 mm long steel sleeves of 3 mm thickness through A class divisions to Spiro ducts by
means of inserting short linings/ nipples into each end of the steel sleeves onto which the Spiro ducts are
drawn, and with the connection sealed with aluminium tape to make it air tight, shall be accepted by DNV
GL as equivalent to tested ventilation duct penetrations if the Spiro ducts are adequately supported with
solid clamps/hangers/supports, which will ensure that the linings/nipples and Spiro ducts cannot be
dislocated.
Regulation 9.7.3.1.2
The fire dampers should be easily accessible as well as prominently and permanently marked. Where they
are placed behind ceilings or linings, these latter should be provided with an inspection door on which a
plate reporting the identification number of the fire damper. Such plate and identification number should
be placed also on any remote control required.
The indicator may be located behind panel. The indication should be true indication.
Regulation 9.7.3.2
Thin steel ducts will be accepted without additional steel sleeve. If a steel sleeve is installed, the sleeve may
be of thin steel sheet of thickness not less than 0.5 mm.
Regulation 9.7.5.1
The requirements applies to any exhaust duct serving open galley equipment from which grease can be
expected to enter the exhaust, e.g. galley ranges, fryers, deep-fat cooking equipment. Non-greasy
branches which are branched from the greasy exhaust should be provided with a fire damper. The duct part
between the damper and the connection to the greasy duct shall have fixed means of extinguishing and
construction and insulation according to Regulation 9.7.2.1.2.1 and 9.7.2.1.2.2.
Regulation 9.7.5.1.1
As there is no available IMO documentation which provide guidance to alternative approved grease
removal system per today, the system will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis based on the
manufacturers recommendations and specification e.g. UV filters and steam system.

3.9 SOLAS II-2/10 Fire fighting


3.9.1 Water supply systems
Regulation 10.2.1.1
The drainage and pumping arrangements shall be such as to prevent the build-up of free surfaces.
Regulation 10.2.1.5.1
When calculating the number of hydrants, the length of the water jet shall be taken as maximum 7 m.
Regulation 10.2.1.6
Pressure at hydrant to include static pressure drop at highest hydrant and estimated dynamic pressure loss.
Regulation 10.2.2.3.2.2

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Guidance note:
See GL rules 1-1 Ch.2 Sec 12, E1.2/ DNV rules Pt.4 Ch.8 Sec.2 for requirements for cables to remain operable during a fire condition.
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3.9.2 Portable fire extinguishers


Regulation 10.3.2.1
In vessels of less than 1000 gross tonnage, at least three portable fire extinguishers shall be provided.
Regulation 10.5
50 kg dry powder or 45 kg CO2 is considered as equivalent to 90 l foam liquid.
25 kg dry powder or 20 kg CO2 is considered as equivalent to 45 l foam liquid.
75 kg dry powder is considered as equivalent to 135 l foam liquid.

3.9.3 FSS Code Ch.4.3 Engineering specifications


The fire-extinguishing medium in the extinguishers shall be suitable for the potential fire hazards in the
protected spaces.

3.9.4 Fixed fire-extinguishing systems


Regulation 10.4
On completion, the system shall be function tested. Detailed requirement for high pressure CO2 systems
and high-expansion foam system can be found in General requirements for CO2 Fire-Extinguishing
Systems and FSS Code Ch.6 Fixed Foam Fire Extinguishing Systems
Regulation 10.4.1
For specific interpretations and clarifications for fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems see General
requirements for CO2 Fire-Extinguishing Systems.
For specific interpretations and clarifications for fixed high-expansion foam fire-extinguishing systems
and equivalent systems (inside air foam) see FSS Code Ch.6 Fixed Foam Fire Extinguishing Systems.

3.9.5 Fire-extinguishing arrangements in machinery spaces


Regulation 10.5.1.1
Oil fired machinery other than boilers, such as fired inert gas generators, incinerators and waste disposal
units shall be considered the same as boilers which requires one of the total fixed fire-extinguishing system
required by regulation 10.4.1.1.
Regulation 10.5.2.1
45 l foam extinguisher and portable foam applicator shall be provided in machinery spaces containing
internal combustion machinery, the subject requirement applies only to machinery spaces containing
internal combustion machinery used for main propulsion, and machinery spaces of category A having more
than one platform level.
Regulation 10.5.6
For a newbuilding, all sections of local application systems shall be full scale tested when all systems are
running.

3.9.6 Fire-extinguishing arrangements in control stations,


accommodation and service spaces
Regulation 10.6.1
Sprinkler system in passenger ship store rooms:
Makers recommendations to be followed, in addition this applies: Sprinklers should preferably be located
in aisles (walkway between shelves), then an air gap of about 100 mm between stored items and deck head

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is accepted. In case the sprinklers are located above shelves, there should be a 500 mm void below
sprinklers (entire area) and this maximum storage height shall be properly marked on bulkheads. For hifog nozzles this distance is 300 mm. Lamps and fire detectors shall be installed above the sprinkler nozzle.
Regulation 10.6.4
Deep fat cooking equipment to be any type of fixed cooking appliance that is capable of, and intended to,
being filled up with cooking oil.
Tilting frying pans or traditional electrical galley ranges with flat cooking surfaces are not required to comply
with SOLAS Ch. II-2 Regulation 10.6.4.
Portable deep fat fryers are not permitted.
Regulation 10.6.4.3
The deep fat fryer shall have permanent disconnection upon activation of the extinguishing system.

3.9.7 Fire-extinguishing arrangements in cargo spaces


Regulation 10.7
Cable reels in enclosed spaces (less than 10% openings in sides + ceiling) shall be provided with a fixed
fire extinguishing system. This can be a fire gas extinguishing system if the space can be sealed off in case
of a fire or a water spray system designed with 10 litre/minute/m2 of exposed cable reels area for spaces
that are not reasonably gas tight. (Cable reels being handled or stored on open decks or spaces with more
than 10% openings in sides and ceiling need not be provided with a fixed fire extinguishing systems.)
Seismic cables containing liquid with flashpoint below 60C shall be protected by a fixed fire extinguishing
system covering the areas where they are stored and handled.
Guidance note:
A suitable fixed fire extinguishing system is a low expansion foam system with the following capacity:

3 litre/minute/m2 of streamer deck area


10 litre/minute/m2 of cable reels area.

Foam concentrate should be provided for at least 20 minutes of foam generation.


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3.9.8 Fire-fighters outfits


Regulation 10.10.3
Spare charges for breathing apparatus shall be stored in the same location as the breathing apparatus.
Regulation 10.10.4
The number of radio telephones should be based on the number of fire parties indicated in the ship's muster
list and not on the number of firefighters' outfits. Portable VHF radiotelephone apparatus required by SOLAS
III/6.2 for life-saving purposes cannot be used to satisfy this requirement.

3.10 SOLAS II-2/13 Means of escape


3.10.1 Means of escape from control stations, accommodation spaces
and service spaces
Regulation.13.3.2
When a room is located inside another room and the escape is into this other room, we have a room-inroom arrangement. Such escape arrangements shall normally be avoided, but may be accepted for small
rooms inside galleys (chef's office, bell-box), bedrooms in cabin suites, for casino offices, pantries etc. An
additional fire alarm (room-in-room alarm) is to sound inside such isolated rooms upon fire detection in the
room outside. A separate drawing should be made by the yard which clearly identifies all room-in-room
arrangements.
AC rooms are considered only temporarily employed. Hence, two escape ways are required if:
1) The room is more than 50 m2.

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2) The room span over two or more decks. At least one escape is required on each deck level.
A minimum of two escape routes are required for public spaces and spaces normally manned if the area is
28 m2 or more.
Crew working spaces facing open decks which are not normally manned (e.g. AC rooms, deck stores,
emergency generator room, lift machinery rooms and similar rooms at upper decks) are accepted to have
primary escapes to open decks cat.(5).
Pantries and galleys shall normally have primary escapes directly to corridors and further to stairways. If
part of a primary escape has to cross an open deck, this escape way shall be cat. (4), incl. emergency
lighting and anti-slip, minimum width = 1800 mm.
Two escape routes as widely separated as possible to be required from all sun decks and passenger spaces
on open decks.
Regulation 13.3.2.1.1
This regulation shall also apply to the means of escape from spaces above the bulkhead deck where
watertight doors are fitted in order to comply with damage stability.
Regulation 13.3.2.4
Designer doors (decorative doors):
not to interfere physically with fire doors,
hinged type designer doors are to swing open in escape direction and to have hinge system for staying
open when swung to the bulkhead,
sliding type designer doors with electrical door drive systems shall go to open position and stay in open
position upon loss of power, el. fault condition and close fire doors status from bridge, if located in
escape ways,
sliding type designer doors with electrical door drive systems shall go to open or neutral (manual)
position upon loss of power, el. fault condition and close fire doors status from bridge, if not located
in escape ways.
The sliding doors from stairways to open deck should comply with the last item meaning that it shall be
possible to open these doors manually if power is off.
Regulation 13.3.2.4.1
A means of escape required to provide continuous fire shelter shall comply with all the requirements
applicable for stairways, not only insulation requirements. It applies for all vertical stairways as well as
horizontal parts (horizontal stairways) of the escape route all the way to the muster/assembly station,
being it an indoor or outdoor muster/assembly station.
Regulation 13.3.2.4.2
protected internal routes to be understood to be the route from the muster/assembly station to the
embarkation area/station deck when the passengers/crew are guided in controlled groups.
Regulation 13.3.2.4.5
FSS Code Ch.13.2.3.1 doorways and corridors...included in the means of escape shall be sized in the same
manner as stairways does not apply to cabin doors.
Regulation 13.3.3.1
Restricted space or group of spaces in the accommodation:
A Restricted space in the accommodation is understood as a normally employed space within another space
(i.e. a room in room arrangement). An example may be a smoker's room at the back of a dining area. For
such a group of spaces minimum two escape routes are required, see Figure 8. Equivalent arrangements
will be considered.

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Dining room
Smoking room

Figure 8
Minimum two escape routes required

Storage spaces and similar spaces entered only occasionally are in this context not considered to be
normally employed. For such group of spaces minimum one escape route is required, see Figure 9.

Dining room
Storage space

Figure 9
Minimum one escape route required

Cabins consisting of more than one space need also not be provided with more than one escape route.
Regulation 13.3.3.2
The term lowest open deck shall be understood as the lowest fire category 10 area (regulation 9.2.3.3.2).
This applies regardless of position of accommodation and position of this open deck (forward / aft). Areas
of open deck of insignificant area (mooring stations, etc.) can be disregarded.
Regulation 13.3.3.3 and.4
For spaces above the lowest open deck, DNVGL may on a case by case basis accept trunk or ladders to deck
above as means of escape from corridors that otherwise would be considered dead end corridors. This is,
however, only accepted if two other means of escape according to Regulation 13.3.3.3 is arranged from one
end of such corridor. A window is however not accepted in this regard.

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Regulation 13.3.3.4
A dead end corridor is defined as a corridor or part of a corridor from which there is only one escape route.

3.10.2 Means of escape from machinery spaces


Regulation 13.4.2.1
Two means of escape are only required from the lowest part of the engine room, not from each level.
Guidance note:
Where the lower part of the engine room is a space with a height lower than 2.3 m (standard deck height for L > 125), the two means
of escape may apply to the first deck with standard deck height. The two means of escape do not apply to spaces below the machinery
floor plating, regardless of height.
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Regulation 13.4.2.1.1
A space is considered a safe position outside the machinery space of category A if it is not contiguous to the
boundaries of the machinery space of category A or if the common bulkhead between the two spaces is
insulated to class A-60.
Regulation 13.4.2.1.2
If the escape route in the lower part of the space is provided with doors and stairs of adequate size
throughout the route, the route will normally be regarded as sufficient. However when the escape route
depends on one or more hatches to reach the open deck, one of these hatches will have to comply with the
minimum internal dimensions of at least 800 mm 800 mm that would apply to the trunk/hatch solution
that can be accepted in 13.4.2.1.1. Emergency lighting provisions in accordance with SOLAS II-1/43 to be
provided along the escape routes.
Regulation 13.4.2.3
For machinery spaces other than those of category A, a single escape route can be accepted if the space is
entered only occasionally or if the travel distance from main working and operating positions to door is 5
meters or less.

3.10.3 Emergency escape breathing devices (EEBDs)


Regulation 13.4.2
The minimum number of EEBDs shall be kept within accommodation, e.g.
dining room
smoking room
storage space.
Spaces shall be as follows:
for cargo ships: two (2) EEBDs, one (1) spare EEBD and one (1) EEBD for training;
for passenger ships carrying not more than 36 passengers:
two (2) EEBDs for each main vertical zone, except those defined in the regulation 13.3.4.5, and a total
of two (2) spare EEBDs and one (1) EEBD for training; and
for passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers:
four (4) EEBDs for each main vertical zone, except those defined in the regulation 13.3.4.5, and a total
of two (2) spare EEBDs and one (1) spare EEBD for training.
Regulation 13.4.3
1) This interpretation applies to machinery spaces where crew are normally employed or may be present
on a routine basis.
2) In machinery spaces for category A containing internal combustion machinery used for main propulsion,
EEBDs shall be positioned as follows:
one (1) EEBD in the engine control room, if located within the machinery space;

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one (1) EEBD in workshop areas if not arranged with a direct access to an escape way; and
one (1) EEBD on each deck or platform level near the escape ladder constituting the second means
of escape from the machinery space (the other means being an enclosed escape trunk or watertight
door at the lower level of the space).
Alternatively, different number or location may be determined by the Society taking into
consideration the layout and dimensions or the normal manning of the space.
3) For machinery spaces of category A other than those containing internal combustion machinery used
for main propulsion, and having more than one platform level, one (1) EEBD shall, as a minimum, be
provided on each deck or platform level near the escape ladder constituting the second means of escape
from the space (the other means being an enclosed escape trunk or watertight door at the lower level
of the space).
4) For other machinery spaces, the number and location of EEBDs are to be determined by the Society.
Regulation 13.4.2.3
Some of the 4 EEBDs within each main fire zone are accepted to be fitted in service spaces within
accommodation.

3.10.4 Means of escape from ro-ro spaces


Regulation 13.6
The fore and aft end of the ro-ro space is considered as the area being within the distance equal to the
breadth (b) of the cargo space from the most forward and aftermost point of the cargo space, see Figure 10.

Figure 10
Fore and aft end of ro-ro space

3.10.5 Additional requirements for ro-ro passenger ships


Regulation 13.7
Not more than 2 decks between muster station and embarkation deck will be accepted.

3.10.6 FSS Code Ch.13 Arrangements of means of escape


2.2.2 Alignment of stairways
For transverse stairways, the stairway enclosure (stairway and landings) shall be sized for max 90 persons
with no persons taking temporary refuge at the landings (P = 0).
2.2.4 Landings
Persons provided for is N=Z-P=the number of persons directly entering the stairway flow from a given
deck.

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3.11 SOLAS II-2/14 Operational readiness and maintenance


3.11.1 II-2/14.2 General requirements
Regulation 14.2.2 Maintenance, testing and inspections
The ship's fire protection systems and fire-fighting systems and appliances shall be subject to periodical
testing, inspection and surveys as follows:
3.11.1.1 Cargo and passenger ships (CEC, CCC, PSSC certificates)
a) Introduction, scope and summary of reports
a1) Application
Where the Society is authorised to carry out periodical surveys the requirements in this section shall be
applied. In case the flag state has issued instructions to the Society on some of these issues, these
instructions will prevail.
The survey requirements are applicable for cargo ships with SOLAS CEC and CCC certificates cargo and
passenger ships with SOLAS PSSC certificate.
Non-convention ships will follow the same scope, except that some of the surveys shall be regarded as not
applicable when a specific system is not installed on board and not required to be fitted.
Some of the surveys shall be carried out by a service supplier, some with a surveyor present, others can
be carried out by a competent crew member and recorded in the maintenance system. The owner shall in
their own ISM system decide who is a competent crew member.
Systems need only comply with the regulation applicable when the ship was keel laid and any retroactive
requirements. Relevant rule references for systems addressed by this section are as follows:
for SOLAS 2004 consolidated edition and later editions use SOLAS II-2 regulations 5-13, 15.2.4 and
relevant parts of regulations 17-20
for SOLAS 2001 consolidated edition and earlier editions use SOLAS II-2 regulations 4-14, regulations
16-53, regulations 57-63 and relevant parts of regulations 54-56
for retroactive requirement see for instance the 2000 Amendments to SOLAS II-2 regulations 1.2.
a2) Survey, scope
The annual, intermediate and renewal survey is in all cases to cover:
fixed fire extinguishing system for engine rooms
fixed local application fire extinguishing system for engine rooms, as applicable
fixed fire extinguishing system for cargo spaces, as applicable
fire pumps, fire mains, hydrants, hoses etc. of water fire-fighting system and international shore
connection
wheeled (mobile) and portable fire extinguishers and portable foam applicators
fire-fighter's outfits
fire detection systems
fire doors
fire dampers and dampers in ventilation ducts
escape routes
The annual survey will in general be carried out on a spot check basis whereas the renewal survey will be
more extensive.
For passenger ships, the following systems will also be covered by the annual survey:
automatic sprinkler system for accommodation and service spaces
low location lighting system
atrium smoke extraction system, as applicable.

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The owner shall prior to the survey inform the attending surveyor if alterations have been made to any fire
safety systems or if other systems that require changes to fire safety systems have been installed since the
previous survey. In case of alterations or new installations, the surveyor shall ensure that these are plan
approved and surveyed as required.
At the discretion of the attending surveyor, record of tests and inspections carried out by the crew or service
suppliers prior to surveys can for some of these items be credited in lieu of testing witnessed by the
surveyor.
a3) Summary of reports and documentation
Reports from applicable survey and testing shall be available on board with expiry date not before date of
survey. Detailed requirements for these tests and inspections can be found under the specific sub-chapters.
The following items have components requiring hydrostatic testing (typically every 10th year):
CO2 cylinders (at least 10%)
cylinders for other gas systems and water mist systems, including pilot cylinders (at least 10%)
portable and wheeled (mobile) fire extinguishers, including propellant cartridges
EEBDs (according to manufacturers instruction but at least every 5th year for air cylinders)
air cylinders in fire fighters outfit (every 5th year)
The following systems shall be inspected by a service supplier:
CO2 systems (every periodical/intermediate and renewal survey for cargo ships / every 2nd renewal
survey for passenger ships)
other gas systems (every periodical/intermediate and renewal survey for cargo ships / every 2nd
renewal survey for passenger ships)
dry powder for LNG and LPG carriers (every periodical/intermediate and renewal survey )
portable fire extinguishers (every 10th year)
Wheeled (mobile) extinguishers (every 10th year)
The service supplier shall be approved according to IACS Z17.
The following shall be tested at a service supplier / test laboratory (typically after 3 years and then
annually):
Foam concentrates for deck foam system (tankers)
Foam concentrates for high expansion and inside air foam systems (protecting engine rooms, enclosed
cargo spaces, etc.)
Additives in water mist systems
Other systems, for instance foam system for protection of helidecks
Special requirements apply to protein based, alcohol-resistant foam on chemical tankers, see [a3)].
b) General Requirements
b1) All systems
The necessary and required operation instructions, marking of main and essential components and warning
signs (for instance gas release) shall be in good and readable condition and available in a relevant language.
b2) Gas systems
The agent cylinders or tanks shall be refilled if the losses for any CO2 high pressure cylinder exceed 10%.
For low pressure CO2 tanks, Halon cylinders or tanks and other gases the cylinder or tanks shall be refilled
if the losses exceed 5%.Halon containers and other gas cylinders are then to be tested if the last test dates
back 10 years or more.
Section valves (the term control valves is also used by IMO) of fixed gas fire-fighting systems shall be
internally inspected every 5 years. (ref. MSC 1/Circ 1432)
Replacement of flexible hoses for gas system shall:

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follow makers recommendation, or


be done after 10 years from date of manufacture if the maker recommendation is not available.
b3) Foam concentrates
These requirements address foam concentrates used in any system, including those used for fixed
firefighting in engine room or cargo deck and portable equipment.
The content of the foam tank shall in general never be below the defined minimum level as determined in
the approved documentation. It is recommended that this minimum level is indicated on the tank.
The requirement for periodic testing of foam concentrates will in general apply to concentrates stored on
tanks provided for fixed fire-fighting systems.
Foam in sealed transport containers (for topping up of storage tank or use with portable foam applicators)
can normally be accepted without periodic testing if not more than 10 years old.
Protein based foam concentrate containers shall though be checked on a spot basis if more than 5 years old
and testing or renewal to be required if the condition is not satisfactory. The same applies to non-sealed
containers and containers where production data cannot be documented.
Topping up of foam tanks shall only be done with a foam concentrate being identical to that already stored
on the tank (same brand and type). If this is not possible a foam concentrate recommended by the maker
of the original foam and case by case approved by the Society may be used.
If the foam concentrate is replaced by a new type the following shall be verified:
the tank shall be emptied and clean properly before refilled with the new foam concentrate
the foam concentrate shall have the same mixing ration (for instance 1%, 3% or 6%)
the foam concentrate shall have equivalent approvals (approved as regular, alcohol resistant or multipurpose foam concentrate, as applicable)
the new foam concentrate shall have similar viscosity as the previous foam (otherwise new foam pumps
may be needed and foam mixing unit may need adjusted and verified)
only foam concentrate approved according to MSC.1/Circ.1312 shall be used for tanks refilled after 1st
July 2012.
If it is not possible to comply with the requirements the owner shall submit documentation for a case by
case approval by the Society.
c) Fixed fire extinguishing system for engine rooms
c1) High pressure CO2 systems
The tests and surveys shall be based on MSC.1/Circ.1318 with the below amendments and exemptions.
Replacement of flexible hoses for the CO2 system need not follow MSC.1/Circ.1318, but the minimum
requirements set out in [b3) Foam concentrates] above.
CO2 pipes shall be blown through annually to ensure that they are free from debris and not clogged. Test
or record of the test shall be presented to the attending surveyor.
At biennial (every2nd renewal survey) for passenger ships and at each intermediate / periodical and renewal
survey for cargo ships, an inspection is to be carried out by an approved service supplier. The record from
this inspection is to be filed onboard.
High pressure CO2 cylinders and pilot cylinders are to be subject to periodical hydrostatic testing at
maximum intervals of 10 years. Testing is required for not less than 10% of the cylinders every 10 years.
If one or more cylinders fail, a total of 50% of the onboard cylinders shall be tested. If further cylinders fail,
all cylinders shall be tested.
The general items for gas systems in [b2) Gas systems] shall also be verified.
c2) Low pressure CO2 systems
The test and surveys shall be based on MSC.1/Circ.1318 with the below amendments and exemptions.

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CO2 pipes shall be blow through annually to ensure that they are free from debris and not clogged. Test or
record of the test shall be presented to the attending surveyor.
At biennial (every 2nd renewal survey) for passenger ships and at each intermediate,/ periodical and
renewal survey for cargo ships, an inspection is to be carried out by an approved service supplier. The
record from this inspection is to be filed onboard.
The annual external inspection of insulated containers is to include spot check of the outer surface beneath
the insulation and all connections and equipment fitted to the tank.
Low pressure CO2 bulk containers are to be internally surveyed if the content has been released and the
container is more than 5 years old. Depending on the result of the survey, hydrostatic testing may be
required at the surveyor's discretion.
The general items for gas systems in [b2) Gas systems] shall also be verified.
c3) Equivalent gas system
Equivalent gas systems are those installed and approved according to MSC/Circ.848 or MSC.1/Circ.1267.
Examples of such systems are:
Inergen
FM200
NOVEC 1230.
At biennial (every 2nd renewal survey) for passenger ships and at each intermediate/ periodical and renewal
survey for cargo ships, an inspection is to be carried out by an approved service supplier. The record from
this inspection is to be filed onboard.
The gas cylinders and pilot cylinders are to be subject to periodical hydrostatic testing at maximum intervals
of 10 years. Testing is required for not less than 10% of the cylinders every 10 years. If one or more
cylinders fail, a total of 50% of the onboard cylinders shall be tested. If further cylinders fail, all cylinders
shall be tested.
The survey shall be carried out in accordance with MSC.1/Circ.1432.1.3.3.5 System with cylinders installed
inside the protected space (MSC/Circ.848, 11 or MSC.1/Circ.1267, 11) shall in addition be checked as
follows:
integrity of release lines to be surveyed
release cabinet to be checked, including alarms on low pressure, as applicable.
The general items for gas systems in [b2) Gas systems] shall also be verified.
c4) Halon systems
Halon systems are prohibited on ships built after 1994. Some flag state (including all EU and EEA flag states)
have required phase out of these systems on all ships flying their flag.
Hydrostatic pressure testing of Halon cylinders is no longer required if an external inspection of the cylinders
and thickness measurements of lower end confirms that any corrosion and indents are insignificant. In case
of recharging the cylinders, ref. is made to [b2) Gas systems].
The position of the flag administration shall however always be checked for this particular case.
At biennial (every 2nd renewal survey) for passenger ships and at each intermediate,/periodical and renewal
survey for cargo ships, an inspection is to be carried out by an approved service supplier. The record from
this inspection is to be filed onboard.
The survey will, except for the testing of cylinders, follow the requirements for equivalent gas system,
adjusted to the applicable pressure (typically 30-40 bar for the Halon cylinders). The general items for gas
systems in [b2) Gas systems] shall also be verified.
c5) High expansion foam systems (outside air foam systems)
Testing of quality of foam concentrate is to be carried out periodically not later than 3 years after
manufacture and annually thereafter. Testing is to be carried out by the manufacturer or an approved
service supplier or at a recognised test laboratory.

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Start of water pumps, foam concentrate pump and fans shall be tested and inspected at the annual survey.
It is important that the foam concentrate lines are properly flushed with fresh water after this test.
The foam concentrate pump may be tested with water if there are problems with disposal of foam
concentrate used in the test.
The foam tank shall be checked to confirm that the amount of concentrate is above the minimum required
quantity.
Distribution pipes for foam solution up to foam generators shall be blow through with air annually and
nozzles inspected for debris. Corrective action shall be taken if more than insignificant debris is found. Test
or record of the test shall be presented to the attending surveyor.
At renewal survey distribution pipes shall be flushed properly with fresh water and inspected to ensure that
they are free from debris and not clogged.
Distribution ducts for foam shall be inspected for damage.
The general items for foam systems in [b3) Foam concentrates] shall also be verified.
c6) Inside air foam system
Inside air foam systems are those installed and approved according to type approval programme for such
system or MSC.1/Circ.1271. Examples of trade name for such systems are:
HotFoam
HiFoam.
Testing of quality of foam concentrate is to be carried out periodically not later than 3 years after
manufacture and annually thereafter. Testing is to be carried out by the manufacturer or an approved
service supplier or at a recognised test laboratory.
Start of water pumps and foam concentrate pump shall be tested and inspected at the annual survey. It is
important that the foam concentrate lines are properly flushed with fresh water after this test.
The foam tank shall be checked to confirm that the amount of concentrate is above the minimum required
quantity.
Conditions of generators inside the protected space shall be assessed on a spot checked basis.
Distribution pipes shall be blow through with air annually and nozzles inspected for debris. Corrective action
shall be taken if more than insignificant debris is found. Test or record of the test shall be presented to the
attending surveyor.
At renewal survey distribution pipes shall be flushed properly with fresh water and inspected to ensure that
they are free from debris and not clogged.
The general items for foam systems in [b3) Foam concentrates] shall also be verified.
c7) Water mist systems
Water mist systems are those installed and approved according to MSC/Circs.668/728 or MSC/Circ.1165
as amended.
A full flow test is to be carried out each year for one section. Test or record of the test shall be presented
to the attending surveyor.
Other tests and inspections as per makers recommendation and the Societys type approval certificate shall
be carried out annually.
Some systems (in particular high pressure system having nozzles and system components with small
orifices) have restrictions with respect to water quality (shall in some case be potable quality with max 50
ppm chlorides and particles below 0.1 mm). Record of water quality testing shall in these cases be
inspected.
Some water mist systems (including all systems installed according to MSC/Circs.668/728) have gas
cylinders (nitrogen or air) and water cylinders or tank. Some also have a cylinder with foam concentrate.
The gas, water and foam cylinders shall be tested and inspected as for the high pressure gas systems (see

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[c1) High pressure CO2 systems]), whereas any water tank shall be inspected internally and externally
every 5th year. It is required that also the water and foam cylinders are inspected internally every 5th year.
d) Fixed local application fire extinguishing system for engine rooms
d1) A fixed local application fire extinguishing system is only required for machinery spaces of category A
above 500 m3 on ships with keel laid after 1st July 2002, and for all existing passenger ships of 2000 GT
and above built before 1st July 2002.
d2) Tests and inspections as per makers recommendation and the Societys type approval certificate shall
be carried out annually.
d3) At renewal surveys, full flow test of all sections and spot check of fire detection / automatic release
system shall be carried out (automatic release is not applicable for continuously manned engine rooms).
e) Fixed fire extinguishing system for cargo areas / cargo spaces
e1) Deck foam system on tankers
MSC.1/Circ.1312 shall be followed.
Testing of quality of foam-forming liquids is to be carried out periodically not later than 3 years after
manufacture and annually thereafter. Testing is to be carried out by the manufacturer, an approved service
supplier or a recognised test laboratory.
For alcohol resistant fluorine protein based foam concentrates for chemical tankers see the requirements of
the DNV rules Pt.7 Ch.1 Sec.2, C200/ GL rules Pt.7 Ch.1 [3.2.1].
The general items for foam systems in [b3) Foam concentrates] shall also be verified.
e2) Gas systems for enclosed cargo space / holds and cargo handling rooms
The survey shall follow relevant requirements for fixed gas fire extinguishing systems for engine rooms, as
applicable.
The general items for gas systems in [b2) Gas systems] shall also be verified.
e3) Deluge and water mist systems for ro-ro spaces
At annual survey, check condition and operation of pumps and valves. Signboards and instructions shall be
available in readable condition.
Distribution pipes shall be blown through with air annually and nozzles inspected for debris. Corrective
action shall be taken if debris is found. Test in presence of the surveyor, alternatively the record of the test
by an approved service supplier shall be presented.
At renewal surveys (concurrent with class renewal survey for passenger ships) distribution pipes in all
sections shall be flushed properly with fresh water and nozzles inspected after this flushing to ensure that
they are free from debris and not clogged (most of the nozzles can be blinded during this test).
e4) Dry powder system for LNG and LPG carriers
At each intermediate / periodical and renewal survey for cargo ships, an inspection is to be carried out by
an approved service supplier. The record from this inspection is to be filed onboard.
The gas cylinders are to be subject to periodical hydrostatic testing at maximum intervals of 10 years. Tanks
are subject to non-destructive testing (NDT) every 10 years, in accordance with MSC.1/ Circ. 1432, item
10.3.
The survey shall follow MSC.1/Circ.1432, makers service instructions and in addition if not specified:
inspection of dry chemical powder for caking and moisture
check of monitors, including movement and lock in position mechanism
check of all flexible hoses including dry powder hose in hose station for damage
external survey of control valve
blow through of lines (or review record for this).

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f) Fire main system


The annual survey shall include:
full flow test of main fire pumps and emergency fire pump (normally with two hoses with min. 2.5 / 2.7
bar at nozzle)
check condition of hydrants, fire hoses and verify annual hydrostatic test
check condition of fire main isolation valve(s)
hydrostatic test fire hoses as found necessary (flushing with freshwater after test is recommended)
inspect anti-freeze section of the fire main system, if applicable.
g) Other fire fighting equipment
g1) Portable fire extinguishers
Survey and testing of portable fire extinguishers are to be carried out periodically in accordance with IMO
Res.A951(23).
g2) Mobile (wheeled) extinguishers
Examples of such devices are the 45 litre and 135 litre foam or 25 kg and 50 kg powder transportable
extinguishers.
Survey and testing of mobile extinguishers are to be carried out in accordance with MSC.1/Circ.1432.
The general condition of these items is to be assessed (corrosion, indents, pressure, etc.) annually by the
crew and at the renewal survey by the surveyor.
g3) Portable foam applicators
The general condition of these items is to be assessed annually by the crew and at the renewal survey by
the surveyor.
The general items for foam systems in [b3) Foam concentrates] shall also be verified.
g4) Fire-fighter's outfits and air compressors
Condition of fire-fighter's outfits to be checked.
All air cylinders for the self contained breathing apparatuses are to be subject to hydrostatic testing at
maximum intervals of 5 years.
Guidance note:
Any additional requirements from national authorities will prevail.
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The air quality of any air compressor for the air cylinders for the self contained breathing apparatus shall
be tested annually, see MSC/Circ.1432, 7.8.1. Record to be presented to the surveyor. Testing can be done
by crew, provided suitable equipment is provided onboard.
g5) EEBDs
Survey and testing of EEBDs are to be carried out periodically at the following intervals:
annual inspection or maintenance by competent person or ship's responsible safety officer, in
accordance with manufacturer's instructions
the sets shall normally be overhauled and pressure tested to 1.5 times maximum working pressure at
intervals specified by the manufacturer, and if not specified every 5 years.

pressure test is normally not required for pure oxygen types.

g6) Protection of deep fat fryers


A fixed fire extinguishing system with alarms and shutdowns is only required on ships keel laid after 1st
July 2002 and for new deep fat fryer installations for ships built prior to this date.
Tests and inspections as per makers recommendation and the Societys type approval certificate shall be
carried out annually. As a minimum the general condition of the system shall be assessed.

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At renewal surveys the following items shall be checked:


expiry date of any additives
alarms and shut-down function
function test, if practicable
every ten years from date of manufacture samples of pressure vessels shall be overhauled and subjected
to hydrostatic test to 1.5 times maximum working pressure or according to test pressure stamped on the
cylinder, to be carried out by manufacturer or approved service supplier.
g7) Protection of galley ducts
A fixed fire extinguishing system is required for exhaust ducts from galley ranges if these ducts pass through
accommodation or spaces containing combustible materials.
Tests and inspections as per makers recommendation shall be carried out annually. As a minimum the
general condition of the system shall be assessed.
At renewal surveys the following items shall be checked:
expiry date of any additives
function test for water based systems, if practicable
every ten years from date of manufacture samples of pressure vessels shall be overhauled and
subjected to hydrostatic test to 1.5 times maximum working pressure or according to test pressure
stamped on the cylinder, to be carried out by manufacturer or approved service supplier
g8) Helideck foam systems
Testing of quality of foam-forming liquids is to be carried out periodically not later than 3 years after
manufacture and annually thereafter. Testing is to be carried out by the manufacturer, an approved service
supplier or a recognised test laboratory.
The general items for foam systems in [b3) Foam concentrates] shall also be verified.
h) Fire detection system
The general condition of these items is to be assessed and proper operation is to be tested. Test of power
supplies, including back-up, fault alarms, etc. shall be carried out.
i) Ventilation and fire doors
The general condition of self-closing doors and fire dampers are to be assessed and proper operation is to
be tested.
3.11.1.2 SOLAS II-2/14.3 Additional requirements for passenger ships (PSSC certificates)
a) Automatic sprinkler systems
a1) A full flow test shall be carried out each year, according to Appendix A and the relevant type approval
certificate. (Also in line with MSC.1/Circ.1432, item 7.5.17). The test as described in the annex is in general
required for systems designed according to IMO res. A.800(19), as amended, and may be exempted for
conventional sprinkler systems.
a2) Some systems (in particular high pressure system having nozzles and system components with small
orifices) have restrictions with respect to water quality (shall in some case be potable quality with max 50
ppm chlorides and particles below 0.1 mm). Record of water quality testing g shall in these cases be
inspected.
a3) Sprinkler systems have gas cylinders (nitrogen or air) and water cylinders or tank. The gas and water
and foam cylinders shall be tested and inspected as for the high pressure gas systems (see [3.11.1.1 c2)
Low pressure CO2 systems]), whereas any water tank shall be inspected internally and externally every 5th
year. It is required that also the water cylinders are inspected internally every 5th year.
b) Low location lighting (LLL) systems
b1) The LLL systems are either photoluminescent or electrical systems and are installed in corridors and
stairways to show the direction to the muster stations.

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b2) The function of the LLL system shall be tested. Any damaged or missing sections shall be repaired or
replaced.
b3) All LLL systems shall have their luminance tested at least once every five years by a recognized test
laboratory or approved service supplier.
Records from both the weekly inspection by crew and the 5-yearly testing are to be available onboard.
c) Smoke extraction systems
c1) Atriums in passenger ships with keel laid after 1994-01-01 shall be fitted with smoke extraction
systems.
c2) The function of a smoke extraction system shall be tested at the annual survey (activated manually or
by the smoke detection system).

3.12 SOLAS II-2/15 Instructions, onboard training and drills


3.12.1 Fire control plan
Regulation 15.2.4.2
For Passenger Ships, an approved copy of the Fire Control Plan shall be available onboard the ship at all
times.

3.13 SOLAS II-2/18 Helicopter facilities


3.13.1 Structure
Regulation 18.3.2.1 and 2
The additional requirements in regulation 18.3.2.1 and.2 will only apply if the aluminium is not made
equivalent to steel. There is no available IMO document which provides guidance on how a helideck in
aluminium can be documented to be equivalent to a helideck in steel. DNV GL has in previous cases given
the following opinions:
the definition of steel or other equivalent material in regulation 3.43 is not applicable for a helideck
which is elevated above the ship structure.
Guidance note:
If accepted by the flag administration, an un-insulated aluminium helicopter deck may be considered as equivalent to steel if the deck
construction is tested for a pool fire for at least 10 minutes.
The deck should during the test show no signs of leakage of fuel and the structure should be maintained without any deformations.
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3.13.2 Fire-fighting appliances


Regulation 18.5.1.3
In addition to the pop-up spray system, a portable foam applicator shall be provided for flexibility in fire
fighting operations. This may be applied by one of the hydrants / hoses required by Regulation 18.5.5. The
portable foam applicator shall comply with IMO FSS Code Ch.4.3.2 (1.5 m3 foam / minute) or with Ch.4.3.2
as amended (200 l premix / minute).

3.13.3 Helicopter refuelling and hangar facilities


Regulation 18.7.11
Where a water spray system is installed as the fire-extinguishing system in a hangar, the arrangement shall
be in accordance with the DNV rules Pt.6 Ch.1 Sec.2 G300 / GL rules I-I-2 Sec.12,L.
A section of fire detectors covering a helicopter hangar, shall not include fire detectors or manual call points
covering machinery spaces of category A.

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3.14 SOLAS II-2/19 Carriage of dangerous goods


3.14.1 General
Requirements are included in the DNV rules Pt.5 Ch.11 / GL rules I-1-2, Section 12, P. and Q.

3.14.2 Ventilation
Regulation 19.3.4.2
Fans to be of a type that prevents the possibility of the ignition of flammable gas-air mixtures
According to the recommendations published by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), a
standard to which SOLAS is referring to, fan motors may be installed within the vent. duct provided that
they are certified in compliance with the requirements required for the hazardous zone they are mounted in.
According to the IMSBC Code and the entries for some substances; e.g. Ferrosilicon, it is stated that: The
cargo spaces shall be ventilated by at least two separate fans which shall be explosion-proof and arranged
so that the escaping gas flow is separated from electrical cables and components. The total......
Due to this mismatch between SOLAS/IEC and the IMSBC Code, DNV GL interprets that SOLAS, and
therefore IEC too, overrule the IMSBC Code when there are inconsistencies between them, because the
IMSBC Code is an instrument under the SOLAS convention.
Therefore: As long as the fans are certified in compliance with the requirements required for the hazardous
zone they are mounted in, they are also fulfilling the requirements in the IMSBC Code even if they are
mounted with their motor inside the vent duct.

3.14.3 Wire mesh guard for ventilation openings


The wire mesh guard is for preventing foreign objects to enter the cargo holds. According to MSC/Circ.1120
the mesh should be maximum 13 13 mm. Equivalent protection may be is considered.

3.14.4 Spark arresting screens as equivalent protection to wire mesh


guards
Guidance note:
US Coast Guard (46 CFR 151.03-25) definition for flame screen is:
one screen with 30 x30 threads going orthogonal per square inch, or
two screens with 20 x20 threads going orthogonal per square inch fitted in series with distance between screens of not less than
inch and not more than 1 inch.
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3.14.5 Portable fire extinguishers


Regulation 19.3.7
The requirement of 2 portable dry powder fire extinguishers having a capacity of not less than 6 kg each or
equivalent, when dangerous goods is carried on weather deck, in open ro-ro cargo spaces and in
conventional cargo spaces as appropriate is a requirement independent of the number of cargo spaces.

3.14.6 Equivalencies to dry powder


The equivalent size of medium for fire-extinguishers to follow the FSS Code Ch. 4.3.1.1.
As a Rule of Thumb the following comparisons can be used:
CO2:

1 kg of Dry Powder

Foam: 1 kg of Dry Powder

= 1 kg of CO2.
= 1.8 litres of Foam.

3.14.7 Document of compliance


Regulation 19.4
Mandatory Codes:

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The International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code


The International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code.
The required document of compliance will be issued as either:
IDG: Document of Compliance for the Carriage of Dangerous Goods, compliance with the IMSBC Code
and the IMDG Code
IDG-B: Document of Compliance for the Carriage of Dangerous Goods - Bulk Cargo, compliance with
the IMSBC Code
IDG-P: Document of Compliance for the Carriage of Dangerous Goods - Packaged Cargo, compliance
with the IMDG Code.

3.15 The international maritime solid bulk cargoes (IMSBC) code


3.15.1 Substances which may self-heat
Detection of the temperature inside the bulk cargo shall be possible. Lowering portable thermometers down
sounding pipes or equivalent is accepted.

3.16 SOLAS II-2/20 Protection of vehicle, special category and


ro-ro spaces
3.16.1 Precaution against ignition of flammable vapours in closed vehicle
spaces, closed ro-ro spaces and special category spaces
Regulation 20.3.2
All electrical circuits terminating in the cargo holds, that are not of certified safe type suitable for zone 1,
shall be provided with multipole linked isolating switches situated outside the cargo holds, and accessible
only to authorized personnel. Provision shall be made for isolation, and for locking in the off position, of the
means of control of such circuits. Emergency consumers are not allowed to be disconnected.
If electrical circuits of the gas detection system are located in the cargo hold, the system shall be of the
certified safe type (see Ch.8).
No smoking notices shall be posted in way of all accesses to these compartments.

3.17 SOLAS II-2/21 Casualty threshold, safe return to port and


safe areas and SOLAS II-2/22 Design criteria for systems to
remain operational after a fire casualty
MSC.1/Circ.1369 Interim Explanatory Notes for the assessment of passenger ship Systems' capabilities
after a fire or flooding casualty is the currently available guidance document from IMO.
Safe Return to Port arrangements on the vessel may on certain conditions also be accepted based on Owner
& Yard project specific interpretations if found to be equivalent to MSC.1/Circ.1369. The applicability of
MSC.1/Circ. 1369 and potential project specific interpretations may be forwarded to the Flag Administration
for endorsement, if deemed appropriate.
The above also applies for Special Purpose Vessels subject to compliance with the Safe Return to Port
requirements.
The contents of this chapter are DNV GL interpretations of SOLAS requirements and referred MSC.1/
Circ.1369 for Safe Return to Port regulations.
The ship system's capabilities for the three casualty cases required by SOLAS Reg.II-1/8.1, Reg.II-2/21 and
22 shall be documented according to Table 5 and Table 6 under Documentation Requirements. Guidance
to the different documentation types are given in below.

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3.17.1 Casualty threshold


Regulation II-2/21.3.2 / MSC.1/Circ.1369 Interpretation 8
Trunks arranged as specified in a).2 of Interpretation 8 in MSC.1/Circ.1369, but containing pipe
connections, manually operated valves, cable connections and joints shall be considered spaces of fire
origin. If insulated to class A-60, however, loss of adjacent spaces need not be considered upon fire in such
trunks and the trunks need not be considered lost upon fire in an adjacent space.
Open decks (except balconies for passenger cabins) are not assumed to be lost by fire.

3.17.2 Safe return to port


Regulation II-2/21.4
Reg. II-2/21.4 requires that the 13 systems listed shall, after a casualty within the threshold, remain
operational in the remaining part of the ship not affected by the casualty. In this context, remain
operational (equivalent to maintain capabilities) for the various systems are considered to imply the
following:
The systems required to maintain propulsion and manoeuvring must be arranged in a way that ensures
system operation in accordance with SOLAS and main class functional requirements after a casualty
within the threshold, for the duration of the return to port voyage. This also applies to systems for
navigation and communication, in addition to fuel oil transfer systems if required for the specified
duration of the voyage. Note that after a casualty within the threshold defined by Reg. 21, the remaining
machinery in operation may no longer be redundant, and requirements related to the lost redundancy
are not applicable for the duration of the return to port voyage.
Systems that serve the general spaces across the vessel shall maintain its functionality in accordance
with SOLAS and main class requirements in all areas that are outside the space exposed to the casualty.
This normally applies to fire detection and extinguishing, bilge and ballast, watertight and semiwatertight doors, flooding detection and internal communication.
Systems that support safe areas shall be able to provide defined capabilities for the applicable area.
The above interpretations are general note that for certain of the 13 systems, additional interpretations
are given in the table in MSC.1/Circ.1369, and for certain systems also in this chapter.
MSC.1/Circ.1369 allows for manual actions to restore and maintain system capabilities. The eventual
manual actions necessary to restore and maintain system capabilities shall be assessed in detail as specified
in MSC.1/Circ.1369 5.2.3. A definition and interpretation of the notion manual actions is given below.
If manual actions are needed to restore the system capabilities, these actions shall be completed within 1
hour from the time the action started. Exceptions from this are the systems required to be available during
the fire-fighting or flooding scenario, where 1 hour restoration time is not acceptable: fire main, fire and
smoke detection, bilge and ballast systems, flooding detection, power-operated watertight doors and
possibly other systems determined by the Administration to be vital to damage control efforts.
Regulation II-2/21.4.11 MSC.1/Circ.1369 Interpretation 39
After a casualty, the position indication of all watertight doors that are not directly exposed to the casualty
shall remain operational at the central operating console at the bridge.

3.17.3 Navigational systems


Regulation II-2/21.4.3 / MSC.1/Circ.1369/Add.1 Interpretation 22
In case of a fire casualty affecting the navigating bridge, the additional navigation equipment defined for
SRtP in MSC.1/Circ.1369/Add.1 (Interpretation 22) shall be available in another location.
The following interpretations apply for the navigation equipment:
f) Navigation lights: shall be interpreted to be the control panel for the navigation lights.
g) Internal communications: shall, in addition to the communications equipment required by Interpretation
22 g) include means for communication with look-out position(s).

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Guidance note:
Visibility aspects should be considered when determining an efficient and practical working arrangement for navigation in the lost
bridge SRtP scenario.
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e---

The navigation equipment defined in MSC.1/Circ.1369/Add.1 Interpretation 22 shall conform to appropriate


performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the IMO.

3.17.4 Internal communications


Regulation II-2/21.4.5 / MSC.1/Circ.1369 Interpretation 25 and 26
Regulation II-2/22.3.1.2 / MSC.1/Circ.1369 Interpretation 54
In case of a fire casualty affecting internal communications equipment in the navigating bridge, the
following equipment should be installed in the same area as the additional navigation equipment defined
for SRtP (ref. Reg. II-2/21.4.3 / MSC.1/Circ.1369/Add.1 Interpretation 22):
a) 2-way voice communications equipment to establish communication with the locations defined in SOLAS
Reg. II-2/21.4.5 and 21.4.3 (MSC.1/Circ.1369/Add.1 Interpretation 22).
Guidance note:
According to MSC.1/Circ.1369 Interpretation 25 portable equipment such as UHF is acceptable, but this is subject to installation of
charging facilities powered from mains and emergency and dedicated and sealed batteries for use in a an SRTP situation. The above
facilities should be available close to the handheld units.
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e---

b) Emergency PA call announcement capability [ref. LSA Code 7.2.2 and MSC/Circ.808]
PA audibility (LSA Code 7.2.2) / MSC/Circ.808
MSC.1/Circ.1369 Interpretation 26 states that the PA system should remain operational in the MVZs not
affected by the casualty. Considering a fire casualty affecting the PA equipment (e.g. PA system rack) in
one MVZ, the PA system is considered operational in other MVZs if all required areas are still served by at
least one loudspeaker loop supplied by a PA amplifier from another rack (unaffected by the casualty).
Guidance note:
As the casualty may cause the loss of one/more loops and the SRtP voyage is not considered normal conditions, reduced PA
audibility with respect to the audibility requirements defined in LSA Code 7.2.2.2 and MSC/Circ.808 2.3. is acceptable for the SRtP
voyage. Should the degree of speech intelligibility of the PA system be determined as incomprehensible, in any area(s) where
passengers and or crew may be present; then manual intervention, using any suitable means of communication to inform passengers
and crew of the emergency situation, should be employed.
Reference: IMO MSC.1/Circ.1369/Add.1, 4 December 2012 Sections 4.3[part] and 5.2.3[full].
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e---

3.17.5 External communications


Regulation II-2/21.4.6 & MSC.1/Circ.1369/Add.1 Interpretation 27
In case of a fire casualty affecting the external communications equipment in the navigating bridge, the
following equipment should be installed in the same area as the additional navigation equipment defined
for SRtP (ref. Reg. II-2/ 21.4.3 / MSC.1/Circ.1369/ Add.1 Interpretation 22):
a) Portable or fixed VHF for on-scene (aeronautical) radio-communications [Resolution MSC.80(70)]
b) Portable VHF for on-scene (survival craft/ship) radio-communications [Resolution MSC.149(77)]
The above equipment shall conform to appropriate performance standards not inferior to those adopted by
IMO. Applicable performance standard has been indicated in square brackets.
c) If the vessel is engaged in voyages beyond GMDSS Sea Area A1, then additional equipment should be
available to achieve that the functional requirements as defined in SOLAS IV Reg.4 are fulfilled during the
safe return to port voyage.
Guidance note:
According to SOLAS Reg.II-1/21.4.6./ MSC.1/Circ. 1369/Add.1 Interpretation 27 portable means may be used, so compliance to the
above requirement can be achieved by equipment/systems which are not covered by existing IMO performance standards,. For this

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purpose, it is recommended to consider satellite communication equipment capable of conducting two-way voice communication with
shore-based networks and with service coverage area appropriate for the planned voyage routes of the vessel.
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e---

3.17.6 Manual actions


MSC.1/Circ.1369 5.2.3
Manual actions to provide system capabilities after a casualty are in this context considered to imply the
following:
Manual actions to restore ship system capabilities:
Temporary restoration and manual operations beyond normal routines and procedures
Manual actions to maintain ship system capabilities:
Manual intervention beyond normal routines and procedures needed for the systems listed in Reg. 21.4
to remain operational for the duration of the return to port voyage

3.17.7 Tests and trials


MSC.1/Circ.1369 7.3.4.2
The ship system's capabilities for the three casualty cases required by SOLAS Reg.II-1/8.1, Reg.II-2/21 and
22 should be demonstrated and verified in following steps:
1) Verification of assumptions and findings from the assessment of system capabilities.
2) If system restoration and operation after a casualty is depending on manual actions, these should be
demonstrated in accordance with SRtP requirements (Reg.II-2/21 and 22).
3) Basic testing of the systems listed in Reg. II-2/21.4 and 22.3.1 that are not already covered by main
class
4) Basic dimensioning failure scenarios, like e.g. loss of the most critical spaces (engine room, main
switchboard room, engine control room, wheel house, emergency center) to demonstrate that the
remaining systems are capable of providing the defined functionality in a return to port mode.
The basic dimensioning failure scenarios as specified in item 4 should be tested at sea trials to demonstrate
that all systems required to remain operational are simultaneously available to support the return to port
capabilities. Further, the test should include a verification of the ability for one engine room and
corresponding propulsion and steering to operate at maximum SRtP power demand with thermal stability
and stable service of all supporting systems.
The outcome of the whole process shall be documented and the documentation shall be kept on board, see
Sec.1 Introduction, [1.3] Certificates and documents to be carried on board.
Guidance on the expected contents of some of the documents required in Table 5 and Table 6: Note that
the information may be combined in common documents, if found serviceable.
3.17.7.1 SRtP general design philosophy (ref. Table 5)
MSC.1/Circ.1369 Sec.3
A document including general vessel information, description of redundancy design intent to meet the
design requirements given in SOLAS Reg. II-1/8.1, Reg.II-2/21 and 22, specification of casualties and
specification of ship capability following a casualty. The philosophy shall cover the flooding casualty
specified in Reg. II-1/8.1, the safe return to port scenario (Reg.II-2/21) and the abandon ship scenario
(Reg.II-2/22).
The document shall include:
Vessel information:
Ship information. Main data, propulsion arrangement, key machinery, number of passengers.
Design intent:

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List of systems subject to assessment, normally including all systems listed in Reg. II-2/21.4 and
22.3.1 including electrical power system and control and safety systems.
Specification of casualty cases:
Specification of flooding casualties (Reg. II-1/8.1.2)
Specification of fire casualties (Reg.II-2/21.3 and 22).
Specification of required ship capabilities upon a casualty (accept criteria):
Specification of ships capability when deemed capable of returning to port. The capabilities that will
be needed will depend on factors like; the vessels intended area of operation, return to port range
including speed and capabilities (duration), weather and sea condition, maximum number of
passengers and crew.
3.17.7.2 SRtP system design philosophy (ref. Table 6)
MSC.1/Circ.1369 Sec.3
Specification of required system capabilities for each of the systems listed in SOLAS Reg. II-2/21.4 and 22.3
including electrical power systems and control and safety systems, upon casualties as specified in Reg.II1/8-1, Reg.II-2/21.3 and 22.
The document shall include:
Description of the design intent (separation, duplication, redundancy, protection) for the system.
Specification of the system capabilities when returning to port (Reg. II-2/21.3).
Specification of the system capabilities after a flooding casualty (Reg. II-1/8.1.2).
Specification of capabilities for systems intended to support safe areas.
Specification of the system capabilities for systems required to remain operational for supporting orderly
evacuation and abandonment (Reg. II-2/22).
Specification of the intentions for manual intervention if the return to port capabilities is based on
manual intervention rather than system redundancy, the design intent must be described.
3.17.7.3 SRtP Assessment report
MSC.1/Circ.1369 Sec.5 and 6
A united and structured report containing conclusive assessment of the systems listed in Reg. II-2/21.4 and
22.3.1 upon applicable failure modes specified in Reg. II-1/ 8-1, Reg.II-2/21.3 and 22, to demonstrate that
the intents of the SRtP design philosophy are fulfilled in the actual design. The report shall normally consist
of the following parts (The report may include or refer to the documents required for the individual systems,
refer to Table 6):
General vessel information. May be referred to the SRtP design philosophy.
Specification of required ship capabilities upon the causalities specified in Reg. 8-1, 21.3 and 22 (accept
criteria). May be referred to the SRtP design philosophy.
For each of the systems listed in Reg. II-2/ 21.4 and 22.3.1:
Description of system and the system operational modes.
Documentation showing arrangement and location of the system and its power supply and control.
Specification of assumptions and limitations.
Redundancy design intent.
Evaluation/assessment of the effects of the applicable casualties for the system.
Identification and specifications for manual actions if any.
Conclusion with regards to compliance with SOLAS SRtP requirement for remain operational (Reg.
II-1/8.1, Reg. II-2/21 and 22) for the system.
Identify tests to demonstrate conclusions and critical assumptions.

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Overall conclusion/compliance statement referring to SOLAS SRtP requirements (Reg. II-1/8.1, Reg. II2/ 21 and 22).
List of all assumptions and limitations.
It may be practical to divide some of the systems listed in Reg. II-2/21.4 into sub systems for the
assessment. Evaluation and conclusion must then be included for each sub system as well as for the overall
system/function. As an example, each auxiliary system supporting propulsion may be evaluated separately,
but it must also be verified that the different sub-systems are capable of providing simultaneous service in
order to support maintained capabilities of the propulsion function, upon the casualties specified in Reg. II1/8.1 and Reg.II-2/21.3.
Services for safe areas as listed in Reg. II-2/21.5.2 can be evaluated system by system, but the assessment
must also verify that the different services are simultaneously available for the intended safe area, upon
the casualties specified in Reg. II-1/8.1 and Reg.II-2/21.3.

3.18 FSS Code Ch.5 Fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems


3.18.1 General requirements for all gas fire-extinguishing systems
FSS Code Ch. 5.2.1.1.3
Arrangement of bottles shall be such as to provide access for the necessary checking of fire-extinguishing
medium in the containers.
FSS Code Ch. 5.2.1.1.4
Unless otherwise specified, the maximum ambient temperature shall be understood as 55C. Certification
of the bottles shall be carried out according to the DNV rules Pt.4 Ch.7 Sec.1 D as for CO2 bottles / GL rules
I-1-2 Sec.12, G.2.1.1.
FSS Code Ch. 5.2.1.3.2
For CO2 systems, an automatic time delay unit for the release of the extinguishing medium shall be fitted.
The time delay unit shall be equipped with an override and signboard describing emergency bypass
operating instructions. In the case of an electric time delay, a dedicated battery (UPS) may be accepted as
an alternative to the override function.
Equivalent gas systems (systems designed according to IMO MSC/Circ.848) need not be provided with a
time delay unit, when the protected space has a gas concentration being below the defined LOAEL level of
the agent in question (for this purpose 52% can be applied for inert gas systems).
IMO Code on Alarms and Indicators
The alarm shall be both audible and visual and shall be so located as to be audible and visual throughout
the protected space with any machinery operating. The audible alarm should be distinguished from other
alarms by adjustment of sound pressure or sound patterns. The visual alarm shall be red as per ISO 2412.
Cargo handling spaces (cargo pump room and gas compressor rooms) need not to be fitted with visual
alarm.
Any alarm components installed inside cargo pump room, cargo compressor rooms, paint lockers, battery
room (as applicable) and similar gas hazardous spaces shall be certified safe according to the hazardous
area classification in question.
Alarms shall be pneumatically or electrically operated. If electrically operated, the alarm shall be supplied
with power from the main and emergency source of electrical power. If pneumatically operated the alarm
shall not be driven by CO2 (nor any other agent used as fire extinguishing media). The pneumatic source
shall be available even with a fire in any protected space. Any stop valve fitted in the air supply line shall
be sealed in open position.
The requirement for the release controls applies also in the case where the CO2 room is installed aft of cargo
area and accommodation is provided forward of cargo area.
Warning signs shall be provided outside each entrance to all spaces protected with a gas fire extinguishing
system.

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FSS Code Ch.5.2.2.1


Protected spaces can be divided into sections when such spaces are divided by divisions of A0 class and
when the spaces have independent or adequately separated ventilation systems. Spaces without such
divisions and separation shall for the purpose of determining quantity of extinguishing agent be considered
as one section.
Regulation 10.4.3/FSS Code Ch.5.2
Small local systems, like for instance extinguishing systems for galley exhaust ducts, small switchboard
rooms and paint lockers can be exempted from some of the requirements pertaining to fire extinguishing
gas systems. Systems are in this context considered as small local systems if the total amount of agent is
limited (this may for instance be one small CO2 cylinder for a standard galley or six 45 kg CO2 cylinders
inside a large engine room) and there is in general a short distance between area where the agent is stored,
position of release controls and entry to the protected space.
Small local systems can be stored in position that does not comply with regulation 10.4.3 when the amount
of gas is small compared to the volume of the storage space. The case where the gas due to an accident is
released into the space where it is stored shall be calculated and the gas concentration should in general
not exceed 4% CO2 or the NOAEL specification for the gas in question. Calculations are not required for
cabinets located on open deck. CO2 cylinders may not be stored in spaces with access from interior
accommodation.
Time delays are not required for small local systems. The requirement for discharge alarm and two release
controls can be waived for small local systems when the system is covering spaces that are normally
unmanned (stores, etc.) and when the release control is located immediately outside the entrance to the
protected space. Discharge alarm and two release controls are in any case not required for concealed spaces
(ventilation ducts, scavenge belt, etc.)
Piping though accommodation and service spaces will be considered in each case for small local systems
(see FSS Code Ch.5.2.1.3).
Special considerations will be made for systems not required to be fitted by the regulations.
Pipes serving gas hazardous spaces such as cargo pump room or cargo compressor rooms can be routed
through other enclosed spaces (machinery spaces, etc.) if the pipes inside the enclosed spaces are:
connected with full penetration butt welds (flanges or threaded connections are not accepted for this
part)
the pipe penetration(s) into the gas hazardous space is welded from both sides
the pipes inside the enclosed spaces are tightness tested at approximately 7 bar. Flanges shall be
provided outside the enclosed space(s) at locations suitable for testing.
For pipes routed though gas hazardous spaces without serving these, the number of couplings shall be
limited and the piping shall be tightness tested.

3.18.2 General requirements for CO2 fire-extinguishing systems


FSS Code Ch. 5.2.2
Calculations according to a recognised standard (NFPA 12, 2005 edition, ISO 6183, 1990 edition or
equivalent) shall be performed.
Opening of the valves to the pilot cylinders is not regarded as one separate control. There shall be a release
box for each protected space in which personnel normally work or to which they have access. The space
served shall be identified at the release box. These requirements apply for all CO2-systems.
The pilot cylinders shall have capacity to operate the system three times even under unfavourable
temperature conditions.
The number of nozzles shall be sufficient to provide an even distribution of CO2 gas throughout the space.
In cases where the CO2 room is readily accessible, one release station may be acceptable. One section valve
(control valves as per FSS Code) for each of the protected spaces shall be fitted to the piping system of

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the total flooding system. The operation of those valves shall be controlled from the position where the CO2
system is released.
This shall be arranged, if possible, by interlocking devices on the control handles, so that any fault in the
sequence of operation does not prevent the release of CO2 gas. The section valve shall be manually operable
even with maximum CO2 pressure acting on it.
The CO2 bottle valves shall be of a type which makes it possible to close the bottles after testing the release
system without emptying the CO2 content.
Bottles shall normally not contain more than 45 kg of CO2 and the ratio of charge shall not exceed 0.67 kg/
litre. The company charging the bottles shall issue a certificate for the ratio of charge. Bottles containing
higher weight of CO2may be approved case by case, based on satisfactory handling arrangements. All
bottles shall be of the same size. Each CO2 bottle shall be delivered with class product certificate.
The connection between the bottle-valve and the manifold for the CO2 battery is normally to be flexible high
pressure hose approved by a recognized organization. Other types of connections which are considered
equivalent (stainless steel tubes) may be accepted.
Non-return valves shall be fitted between the separate bottles and the manifold, in order that a bottle, if
necessary, can be disconnected from the battery without putting the whole installation out of action. The
non-return valve shall be fitted to the manifold. If the non-return valve is fitted in the upper portion of the
bottle valve, a notice shall be posted, which clearly to the manifold, even if the appropriate bottle has been
temporarily removed.
The maximum design pressure for the CO2 bottles and bottle valves shall be 190 bar. All other components,
including couplings and flanges, in the high pressure side of the system (upstream of section valve) shall
be designed to a pressure of minimum 100 bar (PN 100), whereas all components downstream of section
valve shall have a pressure rating of minimum 40 bar (PN40). Minor deviations (+/- 10%) can be accepted
when other recognised standards are applied.
Couplings, welded joints and flanges shall be designed and tested in compliance with DNV rules for
Classification of Ships Pt.4 Ch.6 / GL rules I-1-2 Sec.12, G.4.5. In addition to these requirements
restrictions will apply to welded and threaded joints as socket and slip-on sleeve welded joints are only
accepted downstream of the section valve (the open ended side) whereas threaded joints are only accepted
for pipes located inside the protected spaces (all dimensions) and pipes with external diameter below 20
mm (both upstream and downstream of the section valve).
The CO2 manifold (piping connecting the CO2 cylinders to the section valves) shall be made of steel, or
equivalent material, with the wall thickness of which shall be at least as given in Table 7. The CO2 manifold
shall comply with the requirements specified in the DNV rules Pt.2 Ch.1 / GL rules I-1-2 Sec.12, G.4.2 or
other recognised standard (DIN 2448, ISO 9329 part 1 and 2, ISO 9330 part 1 and 2), and shall be certified
by the Society.
In piping sections where valve arrangements introduce sections of closed piping, such sections shall be
fitted with a pressure relief valve and the outlet of the valve shall be led to open deck.
All discharge piping, fittings and nozzles in the protected spaces shall be constructed of materials having a
melting temperature which exceeds 925C. The piping and associated equipment shall be adequately
supported.
The section valves shall be of steel or equivalent material and shall comply with PN 100 (nominal pressure).
Valves above 31 mm (1 inch) shall be of flanged type.
The wall thickness of CO2 pipes fitted between valves and nozzles is at least to comply with Table 7. Fittings
used to join this part of the CO2 pipes may be of malleable cast iron or nodular cast iron.

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Table 11 Minimum wall thickness for steel pipes for fire-extinguishing CO2 pipes
External diameter D (mm)

From CO2 bottles to valves (mm)

From valves to nozzles (mm)

21.3 26.9

3.2

2.6

30.0 48.3

4.0

3.2

51.0 60.3

4.5

3.6

63.5 76.1

5.0

3.6

82.5 88.9

5.6

4.0

101.6

6.3

4.0

108.0 114.3

7.1

4.5

127.0

8.0

4.5

133.0 139.7

8.0

5.0

152.4 168.3

8.8

5.6

Remarks to the table:


1)

The external diameter and thicknesses are in accordance with ISO Recommendations R 336 for welded and
seamless steel pipes. For pipes covered by other standards, thickness slightly less may be accepted.

2)

The minimum wall thickness for larger diameters will be subject to special consideration.

3)

In general, the minimum wall thickness is the nominal wall thickness, and no allowance need be made for negative
tolerance and reduction in thickness due to bending.

4)

The minimum wall thickness for threaded pipes shall be measured at the bottom of the thread.

The portion of the piping fitted outside the protected space shall be protected externally and internally
against corrosion.
In order to reduce the pipe resistance, the pipes shall be laid as straight as possible and to follow the
shortest way to the nozzles. Connecting pieces shall not be fitted in such a way that the pipe threads are
exposed to corrosion. All pipes intended to carry CO2 shall be free from debris, rust and scale.
The CO2 piping system shall have a blowing-through connection for drying, ventilation and checking
purposes. A gauge shall be fitted to the CO2 manifold.
Regarding manufacture, workmanship, inspection and testing of pipes, see the DNV rules Pt.4 Ch.6 Sec.7
/ GL rules I-1-2 Sec.12, G.4/G.10. For CO2-manifolds the hydrostatic test pressure may be accepted as 1.25
times design pressure.
The CO2 manifold shall be hydrostatically pressure tested to at least 1.25 times the relief valve setting, or
minimum 125 bar prior to installation. The set pressure for the relief valve shall in any case be minimum
100 bar. After installation, the CO2 manifold with all associated components including any release line
(between cylinders and distribution valves) incorporated in the system shall be pressure tested to 1,25 x
working pressure, at least 125 bar. Pressure testing shall also be carried out through accommodation at 50
bar and through other spaces at 10 bar. Blow through shall be done within the protected space.
A function test of the system shall be carried out to verify correct operating of release controls and alarms.
The part of the gas distribution piping that runs through accommodation spaces shall be designed and
tested in accordance with FSS Code Ch. 5.2.1.3.1. All other piping shall be tested to ensure that it is free
from obstructions. As far as practicable, the function testing shall be performed in the most realistic manner.

3.18.3 Fire-extinguishing systems for cargo holds


The internal diameter of the pipes shall not be less than 19 mm. Branch pipes leading to the various nozzles
may have an internal diameter of 13 mm. At suitable points, the pipeline shall have facilities for drainage
and cleaning.
All CO2 piping shall be led such that they are as visible and accessible. The piping to cargo holds are as far
as practicable to be fitted below the weather deck and shall be laid as straight as possible. Branch pipes
leading to the various nozzles shall be symmetrically installed. All piping shall be properly clamped and,
where necessary, protected against external damage. The number of joints shall be kept to a minimum and
all joints shall be of welded or flanged design.

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3.18.4 CO2 high pressure fire-extinguishing systems for machinery


spaces, cargo handling spaces and ro-ro spaces
The diameter of CO2 pipes shall be based on the quantity of CO2 they are intended to carry. The maximum
quantity of CO2 which may be carried through any pipeline is given in Table 12. The total sectional area of
the nozzles in protected space shall not be greater than 85% or less than 50% of the total sectional area
of the CO2 bottle valves intended for the respective rooms. Deviations from the requirements for pipe
diameters and section area of nozzles table may be accepted when documented by calculations.
The following CO2 gas concentration should be provided for cargo spaces and cargo handling spaces
(calculated at the entire gross volume):
35% for cargo pump rooms in oil carriers (regulation 10.9)
45% for cargo pump rooms in chemicals carriers (IBC Code)
45% for ro-ro spaces (regulation 20.6)
45% for cargo compressor and cargo pump rooms on liquefied gas carriers (IGC Code).
Table 12 Maximum quantity of CO2 which may be carried through any pipeline
Maximum quantity of CO2
(kg)

Internal diameter of pipeline


(mm)

45

13

100

19

135

25

275

32

450

38

1 100

50

2 000

76

3 250

89

4 750

101

6 800

114

9 500

127

15 250

152

Approximately 90% of the total quantity of CO2 for engine room shall be discharged above, and
approximately 10% below the floor. Special considerations will be made for spaces of limited volume
(typically below 500 m3).

3.18.5 Low pressure CO2 systems


General
The vessel(s) is to be designed, constructed and tested in accordance with the requirements of the Society
for liquefied gas vessels under pressure, see the DNV rules Pt.5 Ch.5 / GL rules I-1-2 Sec.12, H.2.1.2. For
this purpose the design pressure is to be taken not less than the relief valve setting. Besides, provision is
to be made for:
pressure gauge
high pressure alarm at 22 bar
low pressure alarm at 18 bar
diaphragm bleed valve
branch pipes with stop valves for filling the vessel
discharge pipes
liquid CO2 level indicator, fitted on the vessel(s), and remote level indicator located in the fire
extinguishing station
two safety relief valves arranged so that either valve can be shut off while the other is connected to the
vessel.

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The setting of the relief valves is to be not less than 22 bar.


The capacity of each valve is to be such to discharge, with not more than 20% rising pressure above the
setting pressure, the vapours generated under fire condition. The fire exposure factor F to be taken as 0.2
(see the DNV rules Pt.5 Ch.5 Sec.9 C301 / GL rules I-1-2 Sec.12, H.2.2.3). The discharge from the safety
valves is to be led to the open.
Audible and visual alarms should be given in a continuously manned control station.
The refrigerating plant shall comply with the requirements given in the DNV rules Pt.5 Ch.10 / GL rules I1-2 Sec.12, H.3 to the extent these are applicable.
The refrigerating capacity and the automatic control of each unit, shall be so as to maintain the required
temperature under conditions of continuous operation during 24 hours at the sea temperature up to 32C
and ambient air temperature up to 45C.
In the event of failure of either one of the refrigerating units, the other shall be actuated automatically.
Provision shall be made for local manual control of the refrigerating plant.
The pipes, valves and fittings shall be in accordance with the requirements of the Society, for a design
pressure not less than the design pressure of the CO2 vessels.
Testing
The pipes, valves and fittings and assembled systems, shall be tested to the satisfaction of the Society.
In particular, the pipes from the vessel(s) to the release valves on the distribution manifold, shall be
submitted to hydraulic test at pressure 1.5 times the design pressure.
All piping, after having been assembled on board, shall be tested for tightness and free flow of the CO2.
The refrigerating plant, after having been fitted on board, shall be checked for its proper operation.

3.18.6 Equivalent fixed gas fire extinguishing systems


General requirements
Equivalent fixed fire extinguishing system shall comply with IMO MSC/Circ.848, as amended in addition to
part A and B of this appendix.
Equivalent fixed gas fire extinguishing systems may be accepted for use in other spaces, like switchboard
rooms and cargo handling spaces. A higher gas concentration will in general be required for cargo handling
spaces, in particular those handling methane.
For the purpose of calculating the quantity of extinguishing agent and the actual concentration based on
net volume (for NOAEL and LOAEL verification), an ambient temperature for the protected space of 20C
may be applied.
Components of the gas extinguishing system shall comply with the DNV rules Pt.4 Ch.1 to Pt.4 Ch.10 / GL
I-1-2 Sec.12, I.3/I.5 with pressure rating according to design pressure documented by maker. However,
the NFPA 2001 may be applied as design standard for piping and couplings inside the protected space.
Cylinders (agent containers) shall not contain more than 81 Litre of agent. Larger cylinders may be
approved case by case based on satisfactory handling arrangements. All bottles shall be of the same size.
Each cylinder shall be delivered with class product certificate.

3.19 FSS Code Ch.6 Fixed foam fire extinguishing systems


3.19.1 General requirements to high expansion and inside air foam
systems
Application
Any fixed foam fire-extinguishing system shall comply with the requirements of IMO FSS Code Ch.6.
Systems for machinery spaces and cargo pump rooms shall also comply with the following parts of this
chapter Application, Definitions, Water and foam concentrate supply systems, Foam generating components
and foam generator room, System arrangement, Arrangement for machinery spaces and cargo pump

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rooms, whereas systems for ro-ro spaces shall in addition to the FSS Code comply with the following parts
of this chapter Application, Definitions, Water and foam concentrate supply systems, Foam generating
components and foam generator room, System arrangement and Arrangement for ro-ro spaces.
Air intakes and sea water intakes, shall comply with applicable requirements for load line. Approvals for
foam concentrate, foam filling rate and capacity, operation of dampers and similar are defined by the FSS
Code.
An operation manual, describing standard release procedures as well as procedures in case of failure of
essential components shall be available on board. The manual shall also identify which hatches, dampers
and similar devices that are required to be opened when the system is operating. Release procedures
(standard and failure) shall be listed on signboards at the release stations.
Manuals defining in detail makers recommended maintenance and test procedures shall be available on
board.
All systems not complying with FSS Code requirements for location and accessibility of foam generators,
are for the purpose of these rules defined as inside air foam systems. These systems can also be approved
under these rules on a case by case basis. Any inside air foam system shall be type approved by the Society.
The foam production rate, total foam liquid capacity and location of generators are subject to special
considerations, see the systems type approval certificate.
Definitions
Foam: the extinguishing medium produced when foam solution passes through a foam generator and is
mixed with air.
Foam solution (premix): a solution of foam concentrate and water.
Foam concentrate: the liquid which, when mixed with water in the appropriate concentration forms a foam
solution.
Foam generators: discharge devices or assemblies through which foam solution is aerated to form foam
that is discharged directly into the protected space, typically consisting of a nozzle or set of nozzles and a
casing. The casing is typically made of perforated steel / stainless steel plates shaped into a box that enclose
the nozzle(s).
Foam inductor: mixing unit which does not need a dedicated foam pump in order to mix the foam
concentrate into the water (typically within +30% /-0% of nominal mixing rate).
Foam proportioner: mixing unit which need a foam pump in order to mix the foam concentrate into the
water (typically within +30% /-0% of nominal mixing rate).
Water and foam concentrate supply systems
The water supply pump shall be of self priming type unless the water is supplied from a tank with a
guaranteed quantity corresponding to the maximum required foam production. The emergency fire pump
can be used as supply pump provided that 25 m3/h at required pressure is dedicated for fire hose purposes
and thus not included in the foam production capacity calculations.
The foam concentrate shall be stored in a special tank and fed to the foam generator by a suitable system,
which shall be permanently adjusted for consumption of seawater or freshwater, as applicable. The tank for
the foam concentrate shall be protected against inside corrosion and shall be suitable for storage of the
intended foam concentrate. Means of measuring liquid level shall be provided.
Pressure gauges shall be fitted at both inlets (water supply and foam concentrations) and the outlet of the
foam proportioner.
Piping and components coming into direct contact with the foam concentrate shall be made of corrosion
resistant materials such as CuNi, stainless steel or marine bronze. Galvanised steel or equivalent is accepted
for other piping.
For testing and drying purposes the piping system shall be fitted with connection for blowing through with
compressed air.
The water supply pumps (regardless of size) and foam concentrate pumps with capacity exceeding 25 m3

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/ h (measured at 10 bar) shall be delivered with class product certificate. Foam concentrate pumps with
lower capacity shall be delivered with certificate issued by the maker (work certificate).
Foam generating components and foam generator room
The high-expansion foam generating components (nozzles, mesh and any fans, etc.) shall be of approved
type, based on a realistic full scale test.
The foam concentrate shall be type approved by the Society in addition to being mentioned on the type
approval certificate for the high expansion or inside air foam system in question. The foam proportioner /
inductor shall be type approved by the Society.
The foam concentrate shall in general be supplied through foam pump(s) and foam proportioner(s). Foam
inductors will only be accepted when it can be documented that the entire system can work at a wide range
of foam concentrate mixing ratios.
All components in the foam generating system, shall be made of corrosion resistant materials such as CuNi
or marine bronze. Stainless steel may be accepted for parts exposed to foam or seawater only when the
system is operating, provided that a suitable flushing system is installed. The material and coating (if
applicable) of the foam concentrate storage tank shall comply with the limitation stated in the type approval
certificate issued by the Society and maker's specification for this particular concentrate.
The foam generating nozzles or meshes shall be made of a durable, non-shrinking material that is rot- and
heat-resistant. These foam nozzles or meshes are also to have as large openings as possible. The nozzles
shall be so constructed that they have the least possible chance of getting clogged.
All electrical components in connection with the foam generating components shall have at least IP54 rating.
The foam generator shall be supplied with a special air intake dimensioned according to the air consumption
of the generator.
All foam generators shall be fitted with a damper as specified by the FSS Code Ch.6, 2.2.2.2. The damper
shall, in addition to protection of the generator, prevent malfunction of the generator due to updraft of
fumes in the distribution ducts from a fire in protected space. A manual release of the damper is also to be
arranged.
The arrangement of the foam generator shall permit testing of the foam production without leading the
expanded foam to the rooms to be protected, e.g. by providing means that permit foam to pass overboard
or to open deck.
For both high expansion and inside air systems, two test valves capable of being connected to fire hoses,
shall be installed on the distribution piping downstream the proportioner / inductor. One valve is for
connecting a foam generator in an alternative location, for the purpose of testing satisfactory foam
production. The other valve shall be used in order to maintain realistic pressure and flow through the
proportioner during testing. Both valves may be used to direct water to outside the protected space when
function testing the proportioner.
The foam generating components shall be so constructed and assembled that maintenance and replacement
of essential parts, can easily be effected. The system shall be so arranged that nozzles and pipes can easily
be rinsed and drained.
The foam generating components shall be placed in a special room, which is separated from all the rooms
to be protected. Safe and readily available access to this foam generator room and to the water and foam
pumps, shall be ensured even in case of fire in any of the protected spaces.
The foam generator room shall have a heating system which can keep the room permanently free from frost
and mechanical ventilation for overpressure.
Bulkheads and decks in the foam generator room that are contiguous to the rooms to be protected, shall
have A-60 rating.
System arrangement
All components in the foam system shall be permanently installed and ready for immediate use.
The ducts leading from the generators to the rooms that are protected, shall be made of steel, or equivalent

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fire resistant materials. They shall be dimensioned, stiffened and fastened such that they can withstand the
normal mechanical and thermal strain they may be exposed to. Requirements for duct arrangement are
given under the subsection for machinery spaces and cargo pump rooms and the subsection for ro-ro
spaces.
The arrangement of the protected spaces shall be such that any possible overpressure in the space (caused
by fire) can be relieved as the room is being filled with foam.
The sources of power supply for the foam generating components, including water and foam pumps, etc.
shall be supplied independently of any machinery or electrical installations located in the rooms to be
protected.
Failure of single components, except emergency generator, water and foam pumps and piping, shall not
prevent operation of the system. All valves shall be accessible and of a type that can be operated also
manually (directly on stem or equivalent). Dampers need not to be readily accessible, if the control
arrangement is of a robust design (dedicated accumulators needed for pneumatic systems) and several
independent dampers and foam generators serve that space. A space shall normally not be served by only
one generator. All components shall be able to operate even in case the control system fails.
The system shall be designed to produce foam at required rate within 1 minute from release (time to start
emergency generator need not to be included in the 1 minute test).
The system may be divided into sections that may be released in sequence. The capacity and design of the
entire system shall be based on the protected space demanding the greatest volume of foam. Two protected
spaces need not to be served simultaneously when the boundaries between these spaces are of A-class
standard.
Arrangement for machinery spaces and cargo pump rooms
The high expansion foam shall be distributed to the respective rooms by means of ducts. The ducts shall be
dimensioned according to the size of the foam generator's outlet, and shall be so located that an even
distribution of foam is obtained throughout the room to be protected.
As a minimum, the ducts shall for the main engine rooms be led to the lower part of the casing and shall
provide unobstructed access to the main and auxiliary engines from the duct outlet. Adjacent spaces being
fully or partially separated from the engine room (workshop, separator room, etc.) shall have separate
ducts.
A one meter per minute discharge rate is defined by the FSS Code. This shall be calculated with respect to
maximum horizontal area of the room, without reduction for engines, boilers, loose tanks, etc.
The foam production capacity is also to be sufficient to fill the whole room (entire volume enclosed by Aclass boundaries) to the level of the main deck in the course of maximum 10 minutes.
The system shall also cover the lower part of the casing and in all cases the highest risk object in casing
(for instance boiler).
Where a cargo pump room is covered by a foam system, the foam concentrate shall be approved for use
with the cargo being carried
Arrangement for ro-ro spaces
The high expansion foam shall be distributed to the respective rooms by means of ducts. The ducts shall be
dimensioned according to the size of the foam generator's outlet, and shall be so located that an even
distribution of foam is obtained throughout the room to be protected.
The layout shall take into consideration obstructions that can be expected when cargo are on board. As a
minimum, duct shall be led to every second deck, including movable decks. The horizontal spacing of ducts
shall ensure rapid supply of foam to all parts of the protected space. This will be considered case by case
based on any full scale test undertaken by the manufacturer.
The foam production capacity shall be sufficient to fill the whole room (entire volume enclosed by A-class
boundaries) in the course of maximum 10 minutes.

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Testing of high expansion and inside air system


The pipes, valves and fittings and assembled systems shall be tested to the satisfaction of the Society.
All distribution piping shall be blown through with air to ensure that the piping is free from obstructions
Function testing of the foam proportioner / inductor shall be performed. The mixing ratio shall be measured
and be within the nominal mixing ratio defined by the type approval certificates (typically +30% /-0%). For
foam proportioners using foam concentrates of Newtonian type with kinematic viscosity equal to or less than
100 cSt @ 0C and density equal to or less than 1.1 kg/dm3 this test can be performed with water instead
of foam concentrate. In case of non-Newtonian foam concentrates and concentrates with kinematic
viscosity exceeding 100 cSt @ 0C or density above 1.1 kg/dm3 the function test shall be performed with
the actual foam concentrate. All foam inductors shall be function tested with the actual foam concentrate,
regardless of foam type.
Function testing of at least one foam generator using foam concentrate mixed to water or seawater shall
be performed. The system's ability to produce foam of acceptable quality shall be verified in the most
realistic manner being practicable. This test can be done either inside the protected space or by moving one
of the generators to an alternative location (e.g. open deck). The test flow should be higher than the
minimum accepted flow for the foam proportioner / inductor. Test valves may be used. This requirement
may only be waived when an exception is specifically stated on the system's type approval certificate issued
by the Society (based on extensive documentation, prototype testing and measurements on each ship).
Function testing of the power and control systems, water pump(s), foam pump(s), valves, remote and local
releases stations and alarms shall also be performed.

3.20 FSS Code Ch.10 Sample extraction smoke detection systems


Instead of smoke accumulators as required in chapter 10.2.1.1.1.1, use of smoke detectors are accepted
as equivalent.

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SECTION 4 SOLAS CH. III: LIFESAVING ARRANGEMENT, LSA


CODE
4.1 General
For non-propelled vessels or cargo vessels with a tonnage of less than 500, IACS Rec. No. 99 or national
requirements may be applied for issuance of safety certificates. For such units, an MO will be issued
identifying the standard applied.

4.2 Documentation requirements


For cargo vessels of 500 gross tonnage and above when the government of the flag state has authorised
the Society to issue the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate (CCC) and Cargo Ship Safety Equipment
Certificate (CEC) on their behalf, and for passenger vessels and special purpose ships with more than 60
persons when the government of the flag state has authorised the Society to issue the Passenger Ship
Safety Certificate (PSSC) and Special Purpose Ship Safety Certificate (SPSSC) on their behalf,
documentation shall be submitted according to Table 1:
Table 1 Documentation requirements
Object

Documentation type

Safety, general

G050 Safety plan

AP

Lifesaving arrangements

G160 Lifesaving arrangement


plan

AP

Pilot transfer arrangement

Z030 Arrangement plan

Plan and side view, and cross


section.

AP

Two-way voice internal


communication systems

E170 Electrical schematic


drawing

Cable diagram and power supply


arrangement.

AP

Public address system

General alarm system

Additional description

Info

T010 Functional description

AP, TA

T060 Data sheets with


environmental specifications

AP, TA

Z030 Arrangement plan

Location of communication
apparatuses.

AP

E170 Electrical schematic


drawing

Cable diagram and power supply


arrangement.

AP

T010 Functional description

AP, TA

T060 Data sheets with


environmental specifications

AP, TA

Z030 An arrangement plan

Location of centrals, call stations


and all loudspeakers.

AP

E170 Electrical schematic


drawing

Cable diagram and power supply


arrangement.

AP

T010 Functional description

AP, TA

T060 Data sheets with


environmental specifications

AP, TA

Z030 Arrangement plan

Location of centrals, activation


points and all loudspeakers and
bells.

AP

For passenger vessels and special purpose ships with more than 60 persons when the government of the
flag state has authorised the Society to issue the SOLAS passenger ship safety certificate (PSSC) and special
purpose ship safety certificate (SPSSC) on their behalf, additional documentation shall be submitted for
approval according to Table 2:

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Table 2 Additional documentation requirements for passenger vessels and special purpose ships
Object

Documentation type

Lifesaving arrangements

G140 Muster list and emergency instructions

Additional description

Info
AP

4.3 Passenger ships and cargo ships


4.3.1 SOLAS III/3 Definitions
Suez Canal crew is considered as transit crew on a domestic voyage, and shall not be included in the total
number of persons on board for which lifesaving appliances are provided.
Internal communication systems are defined as all types of two-way voice communication systems and
public address system and general alarm system.

4.3.2 SOLAS III/4 Evaluation, testing and approval of life-saving


appliances and arrangements, and SOLAS III/5 Production tests
Approval of all mandatory internal communication systems shall be either, by:
a) certification, based on assessment of the following criteria:
i)

Identification of the relevant functional, technical, operational and installation requirements


according to the applicable class notation(s). This will require submission of the relevant manuals
and drawings.

ii) A test report from a recognised test laboratory showing compliance with the environmental and EMC
requirements according to IEC 60945 or DNV Standard for Certification 2.4. For GL passenger
vessels, the requirements according to the GL Guidelines for Test Requirements for Electrical /
Electronic Equipment and Systems (VI-7-2), shall be followed.
Guidance note 1:
Compliance with IMO Res.1021(26) - [Code on Alerts and Indicators] is recommended.
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e--Guidance note 2:
Provision of a certificate issued by another IACS class society, showing that the equipment has been tested against IEC 60945,
may be considered as an equivalent to a test report.
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e---

Or
b) by following the procedure for type approval. (For vessels following DNV rules, this shall be in
accordance with DNV Standard for Certification No. 1.2.)
For passenger ships, the public address system shall be subject to type approval.

4.3.3 SOLAS III/6 Communications


4.3.3.1 Two-way communication equipment
Regulation 6.4.1
In rooms and compartments with high ambient noise level, the equipment used for compliance with the
mandatory two way voice communication requirements shall have facilities for efficient communication in
noisy environments.
Portable two-way voice communication equipment, with charger arrangement, may be used for compliance
with the requirements of SOLAS III/6.4.1 provided that there is sufficient radio communication coverage in
the specified locations.
If portable two way voice communication equipment is used for compliance with the two way voice
communication requirements, then the following additional requirements apply:

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chargeable batteries, with a capacity to operate the equipment continuously for at least 5 hours, to be
provided for each unit at the required position
Power supply for chargers shall be in accordance with: SOLAS II-1/42 (passenger ships) and II-1/43
(cargo ships).
4.3.3.2 General emergency alarm - requirements for cargo ships and passenger ships
Regulation 6.4.2/.3/.4
Audibility requirements shall include the following areas:
a) vehicle decks on all types of ship that carry vehicles.
Regulation 6.4.2/LSA Code 7.2.1.1
Definition
Strategic positions: Are taken to mean those locations, other than the navigating bridge, from where
emergency situations are intended to be controlled and the general alarm can be activated. The minimum
number of required places from where a general emergency alarm system should be capable of being
operated is at least two. A fire control station or a cargo control station should normally be regarded as
strategic positions. [MSC/Circ.887]
Regulation 6.4.3
The General Emergency Alarm system shall be arranged with closed loop(s) or with fuses/breakers at each
deck, such that failure in any one loop does not affect other loops or the central unit.
Definition
Normal crew working space: Includes spaces where routine maintenance tasks and local control of
machinery operated at sea are undertaken.
Guidance note:
The following rooms will normally be included in the above definition for normal crew working space: engine room, emergency
generator room, steering gear room and thruster room.
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e---

4.3.3.3 Integrated public address and general alarm systems - requirements


Regulation 6.4.2.
It is acceptable to integrate the Public Address and General Alarms functions within the same system, or
with the Fire Alarm system, subject to the following:
Compliance with Paragraph 5.8 of IMO Res.1021(26) [Code on Alerts and Indicators].
The integrated system shall be type approved or case-by-case approved, according to provision defined
under SOLAS III/4 and III/5.
The integrated system shall be arranged to minimise single failure, which implies provision of:
i)

System central with redundant design i.e. duplication of signal generator, amplifiers, central control
unit and any other essential part of the system.
Guidance note:
For passenger vessels, the required provision of two separate racks/centrals is considered to satisfy the above duplication
requirement. For cargo vessels a single rack arrangement is acceptable.
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e---

ii) At least two separated and segregated cable routes, one from each amplifier. The segregation of the
cable loops shall be such that in case of failure of one loop in one area, the general/fire alarm and
public address announcements shall continue to be audible in that area.
Guidance note:
The audibility requirements defined by LSA Code 7.2.1.2/3 are considered applicable for the normal case, i.e. with both/all
loudspeaker loops functional. Hence, in the case of failure of one or more loops, reduced audibility (when compared to LSA Code
7.2.1.2/3.) is accepted. Should the degree of speech intelligibility of the PA system be determined as incomprehensible, in any
area(s) where passengers and or crew may be present; then manual intervention, using any suitable means of communication

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to inform passengers and crew of the emergency situation, should be employed. Reference: IMO MSC.1/Circ.1369/Add.1, 4
December 2012 Sections 4.3[part] and 5.2.3[full].
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e---

4.3.3.4 Public address system - Requirements for passenger ships


Regulation 6.5
Audibility requirements shall include the following area:
a) passenger ship vehicle decks.
Regulation 6.5.2/LSA Code 7.2.2.1
Definition
Spaces where crew members or passengers or both are normally present: Includes all accommodation
areas and all public spaces.
Regulation 6.5.3.2 / MSC/Circ.808
As special purpose ships with more than 60 persons are considered passenger vessels, MSC/Circ.808 is
applicable for the PA system implementation.
Regulation 6.5.3.1 / MSC/Circ.808 (Cabling for Public Address and alarm systems, paragraphs 2.5 & 3.1)
At least two separate and fully independent PA racks/centrals shall be provided, with each rack being
located in separate fire zones, or separated to provide the maximum level of redundancy.
Guidance note:
Locating both racks in the same compartment or room should be avoided, but may be accepted subject to special precautions such
as separation by fire-proof A60 bulk-heads.
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e---

4.3.4 SOLAS III/7 Personal life-saving appliances


The number of lifejackets for people on watch shall be minimum 2 in the engine control room and 2 in the
wheelhouse.
On each side of the ship, there shall be a minimum of one lifebuoy with an attached line. No lifebuoy light
or lifebuoy smoke signal shall be attached to this lifebuoy. These lifebuoys may be part of the total amount
of life-saving appliances as described in regulation 22 and 32.
The three immersion suits for the rescue boat crew may be regarded as part of the number of suits provided
for the total number of persons on board, for which lifesaving appliances is provided. This provided that the
rescue boat crew are able to meet the requirement for 5 minutes preparation time, including to pick up the
suits from where they are stowed.
All immersion suits approved to be worn with approved lifejacket shall be stowed together with a lifejacket.
Guidance note:
For free-fall lifeboats inflatable lifejackets is strongly recommended.
---e-n-d---of---g-u-i-d-a-n-c-e---n-o-t-e---

Warm climates are considered between 30 North and 30 South, or according to MSC/Circ.1046.

4.3.5 SOLAS III/11 Survival craft muster and embarkation arrangements


If the embarkation ladders are not installed adjacent to any non-davit launched liferaft, means shall be
provided to ensure that the liferaft painter can be easily transferred from the stowage location to the
embarkation position.
For passenger vessels, descent units are accepted as replacement for embarkation ladders provided that:
a) The number of descent units is the same as for embarkation ladders. Embarkation ladder or descentunit shall be provided at each launching station or at every two adjacent embarkation stations. At least
one embarkation ladder shall be provided on each side of the vessel in addition to the descent units.
b) The descent units are able to reach the waterline from the deck at a trim of up to 10, and a list of up
to 20 either way in the lightest seagoing condition.

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c) There are openings in the rails (70 - 80 cm wide) to avoid that persons need to climb over the rail before
descending.
d) The fixing of the eyebolt is found acceptable by the attending surveyor.
e) The various components transferring the load e.g. support arms, hooks, links, shackles, wires etc. shall
be made according to recognised standards, with a minimum safety factor of at least 6, and are
delivered with documentation for grade of material and testing. The units shall be stamped with SWL.
f)

The support arms have sufficient structural support in the pillars.

g) Adequate onboard testing is carried out in the presence of attending DNV GL surveyor and the testing
is to his/her satisfaction.
h) One embarkation ladder is provided on each side of the vessel in addition to the descent units.
For liferafts required in regulation 31.4 (distance to nearest survival craft >100 m) a knotted rope or
descent unit is acceptable as other means of embarkation. A knotted rope is not acceptable for launching
deck above 10 m in the lightest seagoing condition.
For vessels contracted on or after 1 January 2008 an embarkation ladder or other means of embarkation
enabling descent to the water in a controlled manner as per SOLAS III/17 to be provided. For these vessels
a knotted rope is not acceptable.
Note:
Some Flags have made this requirement retro-active.
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4.3.6 SOLAS III/13 Stowage of survival craft


On cargo vessels of 80 m in length and upwards but less than 120 m in length, the aft part of each davit
launched liferaft shall be minimum 4 m forward of the vessels propeller. On cargo vessels of 120 m in length
and upwards and passenger vessels of 80 m in length and upwards, the aft part of each davit launched
liferaft shall be minimum 6 m forward of the vessels propeller.
Liferafts shall not be stowed directly above any embarkation station.

4.3.7 SOLAS III/16 Survival craft launching and recovery arrangements


The launching arrangement shall be designed so that the survival craft can be launched without having to
be pushed outside the deck edge when the vessel is unfavourably heeled 20.
Lifelines for partially enclosed lifeboats shall be of 20 mm to 24 mm diameter good quality manila rope or
synthetic rope of equivalent strength. Property of grip is essential and care shall be taken to ensure that
the ropes are suitable for the purpose. Grip properties of synthetic rope, if used, shall be comparable with
manila.

4.3.8 SOLAS III/17 Rescue boat embarkation, launching and recovery


arrangements
The launching arrangement shall be designed so that the rescue boat can be launched without having to be
pushed outside the deck edge when the vessel is unfavourably heeled 20.
The aft part of the rescue boat shall be minimum 4 m forward of the vessels propeller.
Securing point shall be provided for the painter necessary to enabling launching of the rescue boats when
the vessel is at 5 knots headway. The location of such securing points shall be suitable to assure an angle
less than 45 between painter and horizontal and to avoid disturbance from bow-wave.
When hull shape, painter securing point, davit type and rescue boat type is identical on sister vessels,
documentation of the testing according to IMO Res.81(70), Part 2, 5.4 may be based on the first vessel in
the series.
Foul weather recovery strops shall be dimensioned with a safety factor of 6 for the weight of fully loaded
and equipped rescue boat. Passenger Ships (Additional Requirements)

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4.3.9 SOLAS III/21 Survival craft and rescue boats


More than four davit launched liferafts assigned to one davit are in general not acceptable on passenger
ships. However, if the installation test in IMO Res. MSC.81(70), part 2, item 6.2.6 shows that more than 4
life rafts are possible to launch within the 30 minutes evacuation time, more rafts are acceptable.

4.3.10 SOLAS III/22 Personal life-saving appliances


Lifebuoys located inside, or at pilot stations shall not be included in minimum required number nor in the
number of lifebuoys with light.
For vessels where lifejackets are stowed in cabins more than two decks below or above the muster stations,
additional lifejackets shall be provided corresponding to the number of persons berthed within the most
populated main vertical zone (MVZ). However, if the number of passengers berthed on decks more than
two decks below or above the muster stations are more than the number within the most populated MVZ,
then additional lifejackets corresponding to this number must be provided.

4.3.11 SOLAS III/26 Additional requirements for ro-ro passenger ships


In Ro-Ro passenger vessels every fourth life raft shall contain a Search And Rescue Transponder (SART).
That means, if the vessel has 1-4 rafts, 1 SART is required. If the vessel has 5-8 rafts, it will require 2 SARTs
and further. In this respect the spare rafts are included.
The SART referred to above shall be kept inside the raft equipment pack.
The rafts referred to above shall have fastening device for the SART including antenna at least 1 m above
water level.
The SART referred to above shall be mounted and serviced by a specialist firm. SARTs in wheel-marked
rafts shall also be wheel-marked.

4.4 Cargo ships (additional requirements)


4.4.1 SOLAS III/31 Survival craft and rescue boats
A liferaft is considered easy side-to-side transferable only on a single open deck level on a flat surface
without obstructions. Such liferaft shall have a weight less than 185 kg and not be certified for more than
25 persons. Transfer via stairs, doors or a corridor is not considered easy.
A davit used for both the rescue boat and the survival craft, is only acceptable if the crew members normally
assigned to the life raft stations demonstrate that:
the different requirements for the release hooks for the survival craft and for the rescue boat are met
the stowage requirements of regulation 13.1.1, 13.1.3, 14.1, 14.3 and 31.1.5 are met
all survival craft and rescue boat the launching appliance is intending to serve can be launched by
gravity or stored mechanical power
Guidance note:
The release hook requirement may for instance be met by the use of two hooks in a triangle suspension.
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More than two davit launched liferafts assigned to one davit are not acceptable on cargo vessels. However,
if the installation test in IMO Res. MSC.81(70), part 2, item 6.2.6 shows that more than two life rafts are
possible to launch within the 10 minutes evacuation time, more than two rafts are acceptable.
A free-fall lifeboat shall not be accepted as rescue boat.
Arrangement according to regulation 31.1.3 is not acceptable for well stimulation vessels.

4.4.2 SOLAS III/32 Personal life-saving appliances


The number of lifejackets and immersion suits for people on watch shall be minimum 2 in the engine control
room and 2 in the wheelhouse and 2 close to remotely located survival craft.

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Lifebuoys located inside, shall not be included in the minimum required number nor in the number of
lifebuoys with light.

4.4.3 SOLAS III/33 Survival craft embarkation and launching


arrangements
Securing point shall be provided for the painter necessary to enabling launching of the lifeboats on board
vessels with GT 20 000 and upwards when the vessel is at 5 knots headway speed. The location of such
securing points shall be suitable to assure an angle less than 45 between painter and horizontal and to
avoid disturbance from bow-wave.

4.5 Life-saving appliances and arrangements requirements (LSAcode)


4.5.1 LSA-Code Ch.IV, Regulation 4.7 Free-fall lifeboats
The free-fall certification height is generally considered as the height from the still water surface to the
lowest point of the lifeboat in its launched configuration when the vessel is in its lightest seagoing condition
without list or trim. This is applicable to all ships, ref. MSC. 1/Circ. 1468.

4.5.2 LSA-Code Ch.VI Launching and embarkation appliances


The efficient hand gear for launching appliance for rescue boat shall be dimensioned for recovery of the
rescue boat with full complement of persons and equipment.

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SECTION 5 SOLAS CH. IV: RADIO COMMUNICATIONS


GLOBAL MARITIME DISTRESS AND SAFETY SYSTEM (GMDSS)
5.1 Document requirements
Documents shall be submitted in accordance with Table 1:
Table 1 Documentation requirements
Object
External communication systems

Documentation type

Additional description

Info

T030 Antennae arrangement plan

AP

T040 Cable diagram

Navigation bridge

AP

Z090 Equipment list

Including portable equipment.

AP

Z030 Arrangement plan

Including all communication


equipment, batteries and portable
equipment.

AP

5.1.1 SOLAS IV/6 - Radio installations


Regulation 6.2.1 /6.2.2
The MF/HF transmitting antenna, feeder cable and tuner shall be according to COMSAR/Circ.32 5.3.6
and 5.4. The antenna tuner should be located externally (outdoors) and as close to the antenna as
possible, and so that the down lead wire/cable from the antenna is as vertical as possible, and not less
than 45 towards the horizontal plane.
The siting of all mandatory GMDSS Inmarsat-C antennae shall comply with IMO Res. A.807(19) Section
6.1. In addition, at least one mandatory GMDSS Inmarsat-C antenna shall comply with COMSAR/Circ.32
5. Consideration should also be given to the manufacturers' installation specifications with regard to
interference.
SART installation shall be in accordance with COMSAR/Circ.32 4.11.1, [SOLAS III Reg.6.2.2 and SOLAS
IV Reg.7.3]. The search and rescue radar transponders should be placed on both sides of the ship and
be visible from the navigation bridge. A visible location inside the navigation bridge, close to the outer
doors, is recommended. In cases where the navigation bridge is completely enclosed, or when there is
only one exit door, then alternative arrangements at exits close to life boat stations should be
considered.
All incoming DSC messages on all GMDSS equipment shall be clearly audible everywhere on the
navigation bridge.
Control of radio telephony and radio telex for all GMDSS equipment shall be available in the navigation
bridge.

5.1.2 SOLAS IV/7 - Radio equipment - general


Regulation 7.1
Continuous watch on VHF channel 70.
1) If only one watch receiver antenna exists, then no single VHF transmitter shall affect the operational
capability of this antennae. Use performance standard (IMO Res. A.803(19), and spurious noise from
neighbouring channels as clearly stated in IEC test standard for VHF to calculate/estimate the distance
[IEC 1097-7 Performance Standard for Shipborne VHF Sec.4.3.2, 4.3.8 and 4.4.1]. Additionally,
COMSAR/Circ.32 5.1 and 5.2 give guidance. As a minimum, no VHF transmitting antennae shall be
closer than 5 meters to this watch receiver antenna.
2) If the duplicated VHF/DSC also has a watch receiver antenna, then no single VHF transmitter shall affect
the operational capability of both watch receivers at the same time, (meaning that the distance from
any single VHF transmitter to any one of the VHF/DSC watch receiver antennae, can be less than
calculated, provided that the operational capability of the other VHF/DSC watch receiver is not affected.

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Regulation 7.2
Unless otherwise required by the flag, either portable or fixed aeronautical VHF is accepted. COMSAR
Circ.32 / 4.14.2.
Regulation 7.6
EPIRB installation shall be in accordance with COMSAR/Circ.32 4.10, [Reg.7.6, 10.1.4.1 and 10.2.3.1].
1) If the float-free EPRIB is not used as the secondary means of alerting, then it may be installed on top
of the navigation bridge, provided that it is accessible by a stairway.
2) If the float-free EPIRB is installed on top of the navigational bridge, accessible by vertical ladder only,
or if the EPIRB is used as the secondary means of alerting and installed on top of the navigational bridge,
then compliance shall be ensured by either:
remote activation from the navigation bridge,
or by providing a manual EPRIB in the navigation bridge,
alternatively, the float-free EPIRB may be located in the vicinity of the navigation bridge exit door.

5.1.3 SOLAS IV/13.3 - Sources of energy


The GMDSS reserve source of energy shall be used for GMDSS equipment only. Any system not
identified in SOLAS IV/ Reg.13.2, 13.4, 13.5 and 13.8 shall not be supplied by the GMDSS reserve
source of energy, except for any ship's navigational or other equipment that provides input to the
GMDSS installation, which is needed to ensure its proper performance. [COMSAR/Circ. 16.2.2/4]
Protection of circuits for GMDSS batteries [COMSAR/Circ. 32 7.8], [COMSAR Circ. 16.3.3]
Battery circuits (i.e. the cables from the battery) should be protected against short-circuit and overload.
[COMSAR Circ. 16.5.11] The protection device is to be installed as near as possible to the batteries.
When conductors from the batteries are not protected against short-circuit and overload, they are to be
installed so as to be proof against short circuit and earth faults. The requirements for short-circuit
protection also apply to charge current circuits.
Generally, the DNV rules Pt.4 Ch.8 / GL rules I.1.3, Sec. 4.I.9 shall apply for all electrical requirements
related to the GMDSS installation. Specifically:
Battery capacity calculation.
Battery location - siting and marking.
Location and marking of GMDSS fuse boxes.
Electrical separation of main and duplicated equipment.
No single failure shall render both the main and duplicated equipment inoperative.
Fuse/breakers shall be provided at all distribution points, both AC and DC.

5.1.4 SOLAS IV/15 - Maintenance requirements


Regulation 15.4
Tools and spare parts required for minimum service shall be according to the manufacturers' specifications,
or as required by COMSAR Circ.32, Annex 1.5.
Regulation 15.7
The ship shall comply with requirements of IMO Res.A.702(17) - Maintenance criteria for sea areas A3
and A4.
The duplicated VHF/DSC does not need to have continuous watch on channel 70, but it does need to
have a capability to receive DSC alerts.

5.1.5 SOLAS IV/16 - Radio personnel


Regulation 16.1
Unless required otherwise by the flag, there shall be at least two (2) holders of General Operators
Certificate (GOC) on every ship.

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Guidance note:
The underlying reasoning is that the captain is assumed to hold a GOC, but as the captain is not expected to take the primary
responsibility for radio communications during distress incidents, a second GOC holder is required.
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SECTION 6 SOLAS CH.V: SAFETY OF NAVIGATION


6.1 Documentation requirements
Documents shall be submitted as required by Table 1:
Table 1 Documentation requirements
Object

Documentation type

Additional description

Info

Navigation bridge

N010 Bridge design drawing

Including navigation equipment located


outside bridge area if related to primary
bridge functions.

AP

N020 Vertical field of vision

AP

N030 Horizontal field of vision


Navigation lights, shapes and
signalling devices

Z030 Arrangement plan

Navigational systems

Z090 Equipment list

Pilot transfer arrangement

Z030 Arrangement plan

AP
Including details of lanterns and their
horizontal- and vertical locations

AP

Plan and side view, and cross section

AP

AP

6.2 SOLAS V/18 Approval, surveys and performance standards of


navigational systems and equipment and voyage data recorder
Regulation 18.1
For all navigation equipment required by regulation 19, DNV GL will ask for valid type approval certificate.
This applies also to Long-Range Identification and Tracking of Ships (LRIT).
Regulation 18.2
Performance standards for navigation and communication equipment frequently use the term: installed on
or after (a specific date is given).
The installation date is equivalent to the date the equipment is mounted in its final position.
It is recommended that the installation date for the equipment in this category is documented by an
installation report or a written statement from the responsible installation company or yard.
This is applicable if no other requirements are given by the administration. All other cases regarding the
installation status are to be clarified with the administration.

6.3 SOLAS V/19 Carriage requirements for shipborne


navigational systems and equipment
Regulation 19.2
The navigational equipment and systems shall go with a type approval certificate documenting compliance
with applicable performance standards adopted by the IMO.
Where a unit of equipment provides a facility which is additional to the minimum requirements of the IMO
Performance Standards, such additional facility shall be embraced by the type approval certificate.
The navigational equipment shall be autonomous (installed in addition to each other) and all external
interfaces/interconnections shall comply with the applicable IEC standards.
Regulation 19.2.1.8
Sound reception system is required installed on all ships with totally enclosed bridges constructed on or
after 1 July 2002.
A ships bridge is considered totally enclosed, unless it is provided with open bridge wings.
An open bridge wing, in this context, is an outdoor area adjacent to the enclosed wheelhouse which is:
easily accessible for the officer of the navigational watch
designed in such way that lookout (by sight and hearing) can be posted in various weather and sea
conditions

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enabling efficient communication between the lookout and the officer of the navigational watch.
Traditional offshore vessel designs often call for installation of sound reception system.
A catwalk surrounding the bridge, only being accessible from the bridge via doors in the aft of the bridge,
is not consider as open bridge wings in accordance with above interpretation.
Exemption from the requirement of installing sound reception system may only be given on the basis of
acceptance by the Flag Administration.
Regulation 19.2.2.3/ 1.2.4
BNWAS installation: At least 1 reset button shall be installed in addtion to motion sensors (if provided). This
button may be a part of the BNWAS main panel if located in in an area of the bridge providing proper look
out.
Regulation 19.2.9.1
Rate of turn indicator may be may be self-contained; alternatively it may form part of, or derive information
from, any other appropriate equipment, i.e complete second gyro is not required unless flag states
otherwise. (Ref. IMO Res. A526(13)).
Regulation 19.2.9.2
The device for measuring speed and distance over the ground, as required for ships of 50 000 gross tonnage
and upwards, shall have a valid type approval certificate confirming compliance with relevant parts of the
IMO performance standards for Speed and Distance Measuring Device (SDME). If ships are required to carry
speed logs measuring speed through the water and speed over the ground, these speed logs shall be
provided by two separate devices, ref. MSC.334(90).
Regulation 19.6
In case of failure in any part of the integrated navigation system all other parts of the integrated system
shall maintain normal operation, except parts being directly dependant of the failing part (e.g. a heading
control system is directly dependent on data from the heading sensor). Likewise, a failure in one navigation
equipment or system shall not render any other navigation equipment or systems inoperable, except
equipment or systems being directly dependent of the failing equipment/system.
Navigational equipment and systems to be interfaced through redundant networks (two or more networks)
shall have a fail-safe-mode *). Subsequent to failure of all networks the remaining fall-back topology shall
at least provide the following functionality:
Ships of more than 10 000 gross tonnage, shall have one operational ARPA radar (CAT1) provided with
heading data from a heading measuring system (gyro or THD) and speed data from a speed measuring
system (speed log).
Ships of more than 3 000 but less than 10 000 gross tonnage shall have one operational ATA or ARPA
radar (CAT2 or CAT1) provided with heading data from a heading measuring system (gyro or THD) and
speed data from a speed measuring system (speed log).
Ships of more than 300 but less than 3 000 gross tonnage, shall have one operational EPA, ATA or ARPA
radar (CAT3 or CAT2 or CAT1) provided with heading data from a heading measuring system (gyro or
THD) and speed data from a speed measuring system (speed log).
Unless paper navigational charts are carried and used, the ECDIS or the ECDIS back-up shall be
operational with position data from a GNSS receiver.
*) If the manufacturer can document that the network systems used are fully independent (e.g. different
make / type of hardware/software platform), this requirement may be waived.

6.4 SOLAS V/23 Pilot ladder arrangements


See SOLAS Regulation II-1/3-9 for requirements to accommodation ladders, as these may be part of pilot
ladder arrangement.

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6.5 SOLAS V/28 Records of navigational activities and daily


reporting
Records of navigational activities- DNV GL will follow Resolution A.916(22) - Guidelines for the recording of
events related to navigation.

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SECTION 7 SOLAS CH.IX: MANAGEMENT FOR THE SAFE


OPERATION OF SHIPS, ISM CODE
7.1 5 Master's responsibility and authority
5.1.1
The masters review of the safety management system shall be carried out at least annually and
documented.

7.2 12 Company verification, review and evaluation


12.1
Companies claiming to be unable to carry out internal audit within the 12 month period, should properly
document the reason why the audit was carried out outside the required time frame, and present these
records for verification at annual company audit and relevant ship board audit. The acceptability of any
exceptional circumstances will be considered by the auditor at the external audit. Some flag states requires
acceptance by the Recognised Organisation or by the flag state prior to postponement of the internal audit.
The Company is responsible for identifying and complying with such flag state requirements. In all cases,
there shall not be less than five internal audits of any ship and office during the five year validity of
certification.
12.2
Management review shall be carried out at least annually and documented.

7.3 Resolution A.1022(26) Guidelines on the implementation of


the international safety management (ISM) code by
administrations
7.3.1 The certification process
3.2 Initial verification
3.2.3
The company shall have satisfactorily completed the initial audit and possess a DOC (not interim) issued on
behalf of the relevant flag state applicable for the vessel type, before an initial audit on that vessel type can
be carried out.

SECTION 8 SOLAS CH.XI-2: SPECIAL MEASURES TO ENHANCE


MARITIME SECURITY
8.1 SOLAS XI-2/6 Ship security alert system
All SSAS (Ship Security Alert System) installations shall be either type or case approved. Onboard
verification shall not be replaced by an approval or acceptance document, especially with regard to the
subsequent installation and operational performance features of the onboard system.

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APPENDIX A TEST PROGRAM AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR


WATER MIST SPRINKLER SYSTEM FITTED IN ACCOMMODATION
AND SERVICE SPACES
A.1 Introduction
This Appendix defines the basic and extended test programme for fire extinguishing systems fitted in
accommodation and service spaces on board of passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers. The
test programs described herein aim at early detection of possible activation failures for certain sprinkler
systems, detected after a series of surveys and tests recently conducted. Subject to the tests and
acceptance criteria in this appendix are:
1) ships where one or two nozzles fail full-flow testing as described in DNV GL SOLAS Interpretations
Ch. II-2 Reg. 14 2.1.1.1.
2) ships being more than 5 years old at the annual passenger ship safety renewal survey.

A.2 Basic testing


The purpose of the basic testing is to determine the general condition of the sprinkler system on board of
the vessel in question and consists of testing of a limited number of sprinklers and water samples.
A minimum of two sprinklers in at least 10 sprinkler sections (20 sprinklers in total) shall be annually tested
on board of each ship. The test samples shall be taken from different areas of the ship. For consistency it
is important that at least two sprinkler tests are recorded and documented from any tested section.
The test results should be recorded and compared to the acceptance criteria defined in [A.4].
It is also recommended that water samples are taken in accordance with [A.5].

A.3 Extended testing


The purpose of the extended testing is to determine in more detail either the general condition of the
sprinkler system on board the vessel in question (systems with a failure rate of 10 to 20% after basic
testing) or the condition of each sprinkler section (systems with a failure rate above 20% after basic
testing), based on which the decision is made whether sections can be left as is or a replacement with
approved sprinklers is needed.
If the acceptance criteria from the basic testing programme are not met, further testing of an increased
number of representative sprinklers shall be conducted. Based on the results from the basic testing we
recommend that the following extended test programme is implemented:
Table A-1
Case

Failure rate from basic testing

Additional number of sprinklers to be tested

i.

10.1-20.0%

Minimum 2 sprinklers to be tested from sprinkler sections selected as


follows:
if number of sections < 20, test all sections
if number of sections is between 20 and 40, test 20 sections
if number of sections > 40, test 50% of the sections

ii.

20.1% and above

Minimum 7 sprinklers from each sprinkler section. All sprinkler sections to be


tested except for sections where the owner prefers to replace all sprinklers
at this stage.

It is recommended that the basic and extended tests, if any, are carried out within 3 months. The test
results should be recorded and checked with regard to the acceptance criteria in Part 3. It is suggested that
the test results be shared with DNV GL as well as the system manufacturer.

A.4 Acceptance criteria basic testing


If 0, 1 or 2 sprinklers (10%) fail to operate at the minimum operating pressure (pilot pressure), no actions
are needed, and the situation will be monitored by new tests at the next annual survey. However, in the
special case of 2 sprinklers from the same sprinkler section failing, it should be ensured that the remaining

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sprinklers in the same section are not impaired. Typically, an additional 10 sprinklers shall be tested in the
same section of which 9 shall pass the test. If 2 or more of the additional sprinklers fail the test, the section
is deemed contaminated and all sprinklers within that section shall be replaced.
If three or more sprinklers out of a total of 20 sprinklers fail (>10%) an extended test programme in
accordance with A.3 above shall be initiated for the vessel in question.

A.5 Water samples


It is recommended that water samples are taken from the sprinkler tank, pump unit and relevant sections
(as close as practical to the sprinkler head as this represents the water in the branch pipe). If only a basic
testing is required the samples can be taken and analysed by the crew. If the extended testing is required,
we recommend that a test laboratory is involved, at least for the analysis of the water samples.
The simplified initial testing of water samples should as a minimum address pH, Chlorides and conductivity
of the water. This provides a good indication of water quality used in the system. However, it must be
remembered that the water may have been exchanged and that the system may have been charged with
better or worse water in the past.
If water samples of certain areas are found not to be complying with the manufacturers recommendations
for water quality, replenishing of the water in the tanks and thorough flushing of all pipes in the affected
sections shall be conducted. The importance to follow the manufacturers water specifications can not be
stressed enough, as it may prevent progressive damage to sprinklers.

A.6 Acceptance criteria extended testing


The test assessment criteria below are guidelines, a case by case review should always be carried out taking
into account the failure rate at the minimum operating pressure (pilot pressure), the working pressure,
number of sprinklers within the protected spaces in question (only 1 sprinkler installed being more critical
than 20), number and percentage of sprinkler tested in the section in question and water quality.
Case i. (minimum 2 sprinklers in extended number of sections)
If 10% of all sprinklers tested fail to operate at the minimum operating pressure (pilot pressure), no
actions are needed, and the situation will be monitored by new tests at the next annual survey. However,
in the special case where both sprinklers in a single section are failing it should be ensured that the
remaining sprinklers in this section are not impaired. Typically, another 10 sprinklers shall be tested in that
section of which 9 of these shall pass. If 2 or more of these additional sprinklers fail the test, the section is
deemed contaminated and all sprinklers within that section shall be replaced.
If >10% of all sprinklers tested fail to operate at the minimum operating pressure (pilot pressure) the test
programme shall be extended to comply with case ii.
Case ii. (minimum 7 sprinklers in all sections)
Each section is assessed and for sections with a failure rate at or below 15% no actions are needed (the
situation will be monitored by new tests at the next annual survey).
For sections with a failure rate being above 15% all sprinklers within that section shall be replaced.
Alternatively, if the number of sprinklers tested in that particular section represent less than 10% of all
sprinklers installed in this section, further testing limited to 30% of the total number of sprinklers in that
section may be carried out, and the results can be reassessed with all sprinklers tested in that section being
considered (acceptance criterion still being 15%).

A.7 Replacing of all sprinklers


If it is required to replace all sprinklers in a section care should be taken to ensure that all contaminated
water is drained from the piping. Sprinklers shall be removed from all branch piping and all piping shall be
blown through with air or flushed properly with water complying with manufacturers recommendations.

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A.8 Flowchart to describe main items of the test procedure


Inform vessel Manager about expected
scope for sprinkler testing in due time
before annual survey.

Basic testing:
2 sprinklers to be tested per section,
minimum 10 sections.
Calculate failure rate and inform the
section for Safety Systems, TGCNO861.

Is failure
rate at or below
10%?

Minimum number of sprinklers tested


in each section to be 2, i.e. if 2
sprinklers have already been tested in
the basic testing. Then this section is
covered.

No

Yes
(see also note 1)

Is
failure rate
10.1 - 20.0%?

No
Failure rate is above 20.0%

Yes
Extended testing case i:
Minimum 2 sprinklers to be tested from sprinkler
sections selected as follows:
- if number of sections < 20, test all sections
- if number of sections is between 20 and 40,
test 20 sections
- if number of sections > 40, test 50% of the sections
Calculate failure rate.

Is failure
rate at or below
10%?

No

Total number of sprinklers tested


in each section to be 7, i.e. if 2
sprinklers are already tested in a
section, only additional 5 needs to
be tested.

Extended testing case ii:


Minimum 7 sprinklers from each
sprinkler section. All sprinkler sections to
be tested. Calculate failure rate for each
section.

Yes
(see also note 2)
For each
section:Is failure
rate at or below
15%?

No

Yes

Record results and report to the section for Safety Systems, TGCNO861.
No further action needed (except in case note 1 or note 2 applies).

All sprinklers within the sections in


question shall be replaced.
See also note 3.
Record results and report to the
section for Safety Systems,
TGCNO861.

Note 1.
In the special case of 2 sprinklers from the same sprinkler section failing, it should be ensured that the remaining sprinklers in the same section are not
impaired. Typically, an additional 10 sprinklers shall be tested in the same section of which 9 shall pass the test. If 2 or more of the additional sprinklers fail
the test, the section is deemed contaminated and all sprinklers within that section shall be replaced.
Note 2.
In the special case where both sprinklers in a single section are failing it should be ensured that the remaining sprinklers in this section are not impaired.
Typically, another 10 sprinklers shall be tested in that section of which 9 of these shall pass. If 2 or more of these additional sprinklers fail the test, the section
is deemed contaminated and all sprinklers within that section shall be replaced.
Note 3
Alternatively, if the number of sprinklers tested in that particular section represent less than 10% of all sprinklers installed in this section, further testing
limited to 30% of the total number of sprinklers in that section may be carried out, and the results can be reassessed with all sprinklers tested in that section
being considered (acceptance criterion still being 15%).

Statutory interpretations DNVGL-SI-0364 Edition July 2015

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