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Cultural Anthropology

Jigsaw Activity: Morning


Class

Group 1- Biological Anthropology


Definition ~ Biological anthropologist study
human evolution and why humans vary
biologically.

Group 1- Biological Anthropology


Example ~ Paleontologist have searched in
east africa and found human like fossil remains
who lived more than 3000 years ago.
~Paleontologist fall under the umbrella of
Biological Anthropology.

Group 1- Biological Anthropology


Application ~ We relate this to our own life
because we are humans and constantly looking
for ways to improve our lifestyle. Anthropology
looks at humans and helps us learn from the
flaws we once made as human beings.

Group 2- Cultural Anthropology:


Archaeology
What is Archaeology?
Archaeology is the study of past cultures, primarily through their material
remains.

What do Archaeologists do?


reconstruct daily life and customs of people who lived in the past
trace cultural changes
offer possible explanations for changes

What is Prehistory?
Prehistory is the time of history before written records existed.

What is Historical Archaeology?


Historical archaeology is a combination of historical, written information and
relics left behind by more recent civilizations.

Group 2- Cultural Anthropology:


Archaeology
Examples
Mayan temples at Yucatan or any other
ancient structure
Broken pottery
Ancient writing
Ancient tools
Ancient garbage heaps

Group 2- Cultural Anthropology:


Archaeology
Other than Indiana Jones, how does
archaeology apply to my life?
Archaeological finds help
Piece together history
Learn what affected the development of societies
This applies to us as teenagers because
We learn about different societies and languages
Can help us in the real world

Group 3- Cultural Anthropology:


Anthropological Linguistics
Anthropological Linguistics is another branch of
cultural anthropology.
The study of how languages change over time and how
they may be related is know as Historical Linguistics
The focus on Languages in different points in time is
generally called Descriptive or Structural Linguistics
The study of how language is used in social contexts is
called Social Linguistics

Group 3- Cultural Anthropology:


Anthropological Linguistics
In English, for example, we do not address everyone we meet in the
same way. Hi, Sandy may be the customary way a person greets a
friend. But we would probably feel uncomfortable addressing a doctor
by her or his first name; instead, we would probably say, Good
morning, Dr. Brown. Such variations in language use, which are
determined by the social status of the persons being addressed, are
significant for the sociolinguist.

Group 3- Cultural Anthropology:


Anthropological Linguistics
In this class there are a lot of different people from a
lot of different places and they speak different
languages such as...
Spanish
Mandarin
English
Our language has changed a lot since 100 years ago

Group 4- Ethnology
Definition
Ethnologist seek to understand why people
past and present differ in their customs
Ethnology is closely related to archaeology
however ethnologist use data taken from
observation and interviewing people

Group 4- Ethnology
Examples
Ethnology has to deal with patterns of thought
and behavior such as:
Marriage Customs
Religion
Art
Kinship Organization
Political and Economic Systems

Group 4- Ethnology
Application
In the future we may use Ethnology for:
Travel
School
Meeting New People
Social Activities