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PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 215

Answers for Lesson 9-1

Exercises

1. y = 11
x

2. y = 21300
x

3. y = x1

4. y = 256
x

5. y = 3.6
x

6. y = 250
x

7. direct; y = 5x

8. inverse; y = 42
x

9. direct; y = 2x

10. inverse; y = 0.3


x

11. inverse; y = x1

12. neither

13. y = 100
x ; 10

14. y = 280
x ; -8

5
15. y = 23x
; 216

16. A varies directly with the square of r.


17. A varies jointly with b and h.
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18. h varies directly with A and inversely with b.


19. V varies jointly with B and h.
20. V varies jointly with h and the square of r.
21. h varies directly with V and inversely with the square of r.
22. V varies jointly with /, w, and h.
23. / varies directly with V and inversely with the product of w
and h.
20
24. z = 5x
y; 9

25. z = 10xy; 360

2
26. z = 3xy ; 16
3

4;1
27. z = xy
9

28. a. 14,000

b. 226

29. 18

30. 3.6

31. 14

32. 6

33. 9

34. 16

35. 7200 rpm

36. F = k m2

37. 1832

38. 10

39. 2

40. 5.4

41. <4.277

42. 3.64

43. 2.625

44. 2.5

45. 8

46. 15

47. 11.786

48. <1.857

49. 32

3
50. 16

51. 40
3

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

215

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Answers for Lesson 9-1

Exercises (cont.)

b. 600 ft2; 300 ft2; 200 ft2

52. a. A = 300
d
c. d = 3002
pr

53. 32

54. doubled; tripled

55. quartered; divided by 16


56. Division by zero is undefined.

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57. x1y1 = k and x2y2 = k def. of inverse variation x1y1 = x2y2


y
x
transitivity x12 = y21 Divide both sides by x2y1.
58. Answers may vary. Sample: Quadruple the volume and leave
the radius constant, halve the radius and leave the volume
constant, multiply the volume by 16 and double the radius,
and multiply the volume and radius by 14.
59. BMI < 7052w
h

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

216

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 217

Answers for Lesson 9-2 Exercises

1.

2.

2
4
2 O

4 O

4

3.

y
4

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x
8

4 O

4
8

4.

y
x

O
2

The graph is in Quadrant I and


Quadrant III.

5.

y
2
4 O

x
4 6

The graph is in Quadrant II and


Quadrant IV. The graph is a reflection
of the graph of y = x3 .

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

217

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 218

Answers for Lesson 9-2 Exercises (cont.)

6.

The graph is in Quadrant I and


Quadrant III.

y
2
4 O
4

7.

6x

y
2

4 O

The graph is in Quadrant II and


Quadrant IV. The graph is a reflection
of the graph of y = x5 .

8.

The graph is in Quadrant I and


Quadrant III.

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10
30

9.

30 x

10

y
x
1 O

The graph is in Quadrant II and


Quadrant IV. The graph is a reflection
of the graph of 0.1
x.

10. 18.4 ft

11. 7.67 ft

12. 3.83 ft

13. 1.84 ft

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

218

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 219

Answers for Lesson 9-2

14.

Exercises (cont.)

15.

x
4 2 O

4

2

4

2

2

16.

4

17.

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3
2
1

x
O

18.

19.

y
6

4

O x
8

2 O

6

4
2
4

20.

21.

x
8

x
2

4 O

4

2

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

219

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 220

Answers for Lesson 9-2

Exercises (cont.)

22. y = x2 + 4
2
23. y = x 1
+3
2
2 - 8
24. y = x24

25. a. c = 750
a
c
4000
2000

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1 O

a = 0, c = 0
b. Answers may vary. Sample: If the number of awards is large,
the amount of money available for each award approaches
0. If there are a small number of awards, then the amount of
money available for each award gets larger.
26. Check students work.
27. y = 0.5
x

28. y = 0.75
x

29. y = 2x8.3

30. y = 20.01
x

31. y = x4

32. y = 21.4
x

33.

2

Algebra 2

34.

4

2

2

2

4

4

Chapter 9

220

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 221

Answers for Lesson 9-2

35.

Exercises (cont.)

36.

37.

x
2

x
2

2

x
2 O

2

38.

2

4 O 2
4
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8

39. Answers may vary. Sample: The graph of the translation looks
similar to the graph of y = kx, so knowing the asymptotes
helps to position the translation; check students work.
40. B
41.

42.

(3, 6)
43.

(2.92, 6.2)
44.

(-1.75, -4)

Algebra 2

(-0.45, -10) and (0.45, -10)

Chapter 9

221

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 222

Answers for Lesson 9-2

Exercises (cont.)

45.

46.

(3.76, 4.2)

(-0.76, 9) and (0.76, 9)

Mileage (mi/gal)

100
80
60
40
20

100
200
300
Gasoline Used (gal)

400

b. m = 10,000
g250
Mileage (mi/gal)

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47. a. m = 10,000
g

100
80
60
40
20

100
200
300
Gasoline Used After (gal)

400

c. 25 mi/gal, 28.57 mi/gal


48. The branches of y = x1 are in Quadrants I and III. The
branches of y = x1 are in Quadrants I and II. The graphs
intersect at all points on y = x1 in Quadrant I.

u u

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

222

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09

4/25/06

3:55 PM

Page 223

Answers for Lesson 9-2 Exercises (cont.)

49. The branches of y = 12 are in Quadrants I and II. The


branches of y =

1
x

are in Quadrants I and III. The graphs

intersect at (1, 1). The graph of y = 12 is closer to the x-axis


for x . 1, and the graph of y =

1
x

is closer to the y-axis for 0

, x , 1.
50. The branches of both graphs are in Quadrants I and II. They
intersect at (1, 1) and (-1, 1). The graph of y = 12 is closer
x

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u u

to the x-axis for x . 1 and x , -1. The graph of y = x1 is


closer to the y-axis for -1 , x , 0 and 0 , x , 1.
16
51. y = 16
x,y = 2x

b. y = x20.25
2 0.5

52. a. y = x 0.6
2 2
y

2 O

x
O

2

2
2
4

5
c. y = x 1
2 -1
4

d. y = 2x 22 1 1 1

y
3
2

1
4 2 O
2

x
1

x
2

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

223

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 224

Answers for Lesson 9-2

e. y = x1 - 2
2

Exercises (cont.)
1
f. y = x 2
1
y

y
2

x
2 O

2

2x

2

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2

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

224

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 225

Answers for Lesson 9-3

Exercises

1. x = 0, x = 2

2. none

3. x = 1, x = -1

4. x = 2, x = 3

5. x = -3

6. x = 272, x = 1

7. x = 2

8. none

9. x = -2.77, x = 1.277
10. vertical asymptote at x = -2
11. hole at x = -5
12. vertical asymptotes at x = 232 and x = 1
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13. vertical asymptote at x = -1, hole at x = 2


14. hole at x = -2

15. none

16. holes at x = 43

17. none

18. vertical asymptote at x = -5, hole at x = 223


19. y = 0

20. y = 0

21. y = 1

22. y = 21
25.

23. y = 0

24. y = 34
26.

2
2
2

4

2 O

4x

2
4

27.

28.

6
2
2
6

2

O
2

x
10

4

2

O
2
4

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

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PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 226

Answers for Lesson 9-3

29.

Exercises (cont.)

30.

2

O
4

y=

x
2

6

4

31. a.

0.19x 1 210,000
x 2 500

y
80

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40

10000 20000

b. $46.88; $14.68
c. more than 21,916 discs
d. x = 500, y = 0.19
32. vertical asymptotes at x = -3 and x = 3, horizontal
asymptote at y = 0
33. vertical asymptote at x = -2
34. horizontal asymptote at y = 0
35.

36.

15
5
15 5
5
15

Algebra 2

O
5

15

4

2

x
2

2
4

Chapter 9

226

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 227

Answers for Lesson 9-3

37.

Exercises (cont.)

38.

10

6
5
15

O
5

15

x
10

6

2
2

x
10

6
10

39.

40.

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2
2 O

O
2

2

2

2

41. Answers may vary. Sample: There is no value of x for which


the denominator equals 0.
42. a.

WINDOW FORMAT
Xmin=0
Xmax=100
X s c l =10
Ymin=.5
Ymax=1
Y s c l =.1

b. 6 free throws

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

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Answers for Lesson 9-3

43. a. y =

Exercises (cont.)

20,000x 1 200,000
x 1 1

b. $65,000; $25,806.45
c. Answers may vary. Sample: No; the presidents salary
throws off the average; the median or mode would be a
better measure.
44. a. P(n) = 4n2
b. R(n) = 4n + 1
2

c. y = 4n4n1 1; 64
17 check students work.
45. a. The increase in production workers average hourly wage
is greater.
b. rational
M(x)

c. R(x) = A(x)
d.
Minimum Wage/
Average Wage

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WINDOW FORMAT
Xmin=0
Xmax=40
X s c l =4
Ymin=0
Ymax=200000
Y s c l =10000

0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
50

100 150 200 250


Years Since 1950

around the year 2106


Algebra 2

Chapter 9

228

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 229

Answers for Lesson 9-4

1. 2x 12 1; x 2 0 or 12

2. 2c + 3; c 2 0

3. b + 1; b 2 1

4. z - 7; z 2 -7

2
5. x 1
5; x 2 -5

4
6. xx 1
2 6; x 2 6 or -4

7.
9.
11.
13.
Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.

Exercises

15.
17.

7
; x 2 0, y 2 0
15x 2
4; y 2 1 or 3
2
3
x 2 2
x(x 2 1) ; x 2 0, 1, -1, or
2
; x 2 0, y 2 0
3x2y2
5(x 1 y)
;x 2 y
3
x(x 2 1)
3(x 1 1) ; x 2 -1, 1, or 0

8. xy
; x 2 0, y 2 0
4
4(x 1 6)

10. 3(3x 1 8) ; x 2 3 or 283


-2 12. 1; x 2 -2, -1, 2, or 3

8
19. xx 22 10
; x 2 -3 or 10

14.

y
2x 2

; x 2 0, y 2 0

16. 1; y 2 -2 or 4
4(y 2 3)

18. y(y 1 5) ; y 2 2, -5, or 0


y 1 6

20. y 2 2; y 2 2

y(y 1 3)

21. 12(y 1 4) ; x 2 0, y 2 -4 or 3
22.

6(a 1 1)
a 2 3

23. The student is not correct; x = 2 will make the denominator


x
of x 2
2 equal 0, so x = 2 is not a solution.
24. Check students work.
25. The numerator and the denominator have no common
factors; check students work.

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

229

PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 230

Answers for Lesson 9-4

26. a.
b.

2 3
3pr
2pr2 1 pr2
pr2 (r)
2

2pr 1 2pr(r)

Exercises (cont.)

= 2r
9
= 4r

c. The ratio for the cylindrical tank is larger.


d. The cylindrical tank will have a larger volume.
1 3
27. (a 2a3)(a
2 3) ; a 2 -4, -3, or 3

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28.

2(b 2 5)
b 1 5 ;b

2 -5

29. x4 ; x 2 0, -5, 4, or 1

18x
30. (x 1 9)(x
1 3) ; x 2 -9, -3, or 3
1 1
1
31. xx 2
4; x 2 -3, 2, 2, or 4

33.
35.
37.

x(x 2 1) 3
(x 1 4) ; x 2
18x5
;y 2 0
y2
a. 1.2 m/s2

-4, 0, 1

1 1
1 1
32. xx 2
1; x 2 -2, 2, 1, or -2

34. 2; x 2 -3, 1
2(a 1 8)

36. 2a 1 5

b. <2.68 m/s2
38. a. 2xn + 1
b. 2 is a factor of 2xn, so 2xn is even, and 2xn + 1 is odd.
39. 4x
; x 2 0 or -1, y 2 0
3y

2 2

40. 23a4b ; a 2 0 or b, b 2 0

41. 152; m 2 0 or 223n, n 2 0


4n

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

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PHS_Algebra_2_Chapter_09 3/21/06 7:37 AM Page 231

Answers for Lesson 9-5

Exercises

1. 120
< 2.03 in.
59
2. 240
< 2.02 in.
119
3. For distances greater than 10 ft, di is nearly constant.
4. 9(x + 2)(2x - 1)

5. (x - 1)(x + 1)(x + 1)

6. 10(x - 2)(x + 3)2

7. 18(2x - 7)(x + 3)

8. 5(y + 4)(y - 4)

9. 2(x + 5)(x2 - 32x - 10)


2(d 2 2)

10. x1
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12.
14.

11. 2d 1 1

xy 1 8y 1 4

2 1 20x 2 18
13. (x 27x3)(x
1 3)(x 1 4)

2xy
2x 1 6
(x 2 3)(x 1 3)

2
15. 5x 1 14x 2 122

16. 2x3

17.

y 2 6

(x 2 3)(x 1 2)
23(2y 1 1)
2y 2 1

x2 2 24
19. 3x(x
1 3)

18. 2(y 1 2)

22x(x 1 3)

25(y 1 8)

20. (y 2 5)(y 1 5)

21. (x 2 2)(x 2 1)(x 1 1)

y
22. 2x

23. 15
28

25. b9

26. x 1 y

3x
27. 2 1
xy

28. 25

3
29. x 2
6

30. 5 23x
1 xy

31. 3x 22 8

4x 2 3
32. (xx 111)(x
2 1)

2 17
34. (x 27x3)(x
1 3)

9x 2 1
35. (xx2 11)(2x
1 1)

24. 3(x 21 y)
y

4x

33.

2x3 2 x2 1 1
x2 (x 1 1)(x 2 1)

4x 2 1
36. 2x(2x
2 1)

x(3x2 1 x 2 1)
x2 2 2

37.

5x2 1 6x 1 12
(x 2 3)(x 1 2) 2

38.

39.

4y3 1 12y2 2 y 2 2
y(y 1 3)

40. y(y 2 7)

3(4y 2 21)

41. Check students work.


Algebra 2

Chapter 9

231

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Answers for Lesson 9-5

Exercises (cont.)

42. Factoring is used to determine the least common multiple of


the denominators; check students work.
43. Answers may vary. Sample: Substitute 0 for x in the three
25
4
expressions, and show that 29
1 73 2 29
.
3x 1 2y

2x 2 5y

44. 7x 2 5y

45. 2(3x 1 2y)

47. x

48.

2(x 1 5)
x 1 7

46.
49.

2(x 1 2)
4x 1 3
25x 1 13
2(x 2 4)

50. Check students work.

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51. x 2 -2, -3, -4; those values result in division by 0, which is


undefined.
52. 32, 53, 32
53. a. 24
mi/h
7
b. 24
7
c. 400
mi/h
9
d.
54. a.

2x(x 1 a)
2x 1 a mi/h
R1R2R3
R1R2 1 R1 R3 1 R 2 R3

b. <0.88 ohms
dd

i o
55. a. f = d 1
do
i

b.

Algebra 2

x(2x 1 1)
3x 1 1

=f

Chapter 9

232

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Answers for Lesson 9-6 Exercises

1. 5

2. no solution

3. 10

4. 2 or -5

5. 43

6. 252 or 4

7. 73

8. 3

10. 29

11. 10

12. 4

14. -1 or 2

15. -1 or 12

1
16. 212

20. -9

21. 1

9. -1
13. 2

17. about -1.45 or 1.65


18. 1

19. -3, -2

22. Carlos: 32 mi/h, Paul: 12 mi/h

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23. passenger train: 112 mi/h, freight train: 92 mi/h


25. 175 h

24. 223 h
26. E = mV
2

27. E = mc2

28. F = ma

29. c = 4"a2 2 b2

30. T = 42p g/

31. B = 41r 2Vm


q

32. 252 days

33. D

34. a. c(x) = 5.50xx1 60


b. 14 students
35. a. L =

24(R2r)
T

b. 32 in., about 28.24 in., about 25.26 in.


36. a. $1000
15,000 (1.60)
b. 24
1 x
15,000 (1.60)
c. 1000 - 24
1 x
d. 30 mi/gal

37. Check students work.


Algebra 2

Chapter 9

233

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Answers for Lesson 9-6

Exercises (cont.)

38. a. about 2037


b. Check students work.
39. 3

40. no solution

41. no solution

42. 30

43. 5

44. 38
21

45. no solution

46. -4

47. 21

48. -4

49. no solution

50. 6

51. 1, 223

52. -1

53. x < 4.5 ft

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54. Check students work.


55. a. t = ds
35 h
b. 18

c. dt + x
700
d. 700
360 + 360 1 x = 3.5; 90 mi/h

56. ac. Check students work.

57. about 44.44 mi/h

58. 5 attendants

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

234

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Answers for Lesson 9-7

Exercises

1. independent

2. dependent

3. dependent

4. independent

5. 16

9
6. 34

7. 0.54

8. x2

9
9. 25

10. Not mutually exclusive since 2 is a prime number and less


than 4.
11. Mutually exclusive since if the numbers are equal, then the
sum is even.

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12. Not mutually exclusive since 6 ? 4 = 24, which is greater


than 20 and a multiple of 3.
13. 47%

14. 34

14
15. 15

16. 39%

17. 26
35

18. 12

19. 12

20. 56

21. 56

22. 23

23. 56

24. 65

25. 1

26. 13

7
27. 12

28. 25

31
29. 56

30. C
31. 16%

32. 27.6%

33. 86.9%

34. 37.6%

35. 72.4%

4
36. 15

4
37. 15

8
38. 15

1
39. 15

7
40. 15

1
41. 11

5
42. 12

7
43. 15

5
44. 2x

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

235

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Answers for Lesson 9-7

Exercises (cont.)

45. a. 14
1
b. 64
46. Check students work.
47. F and G are mutually exclusive, so P(F or G) =
P(F) + P(G) $ 0 and P(F and G) = 0.
So P(F or G) $ P(F and G).
48. 5%

49. 6%

50. 11.4%

51. 49

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2
52. a. x 1
2
x23
b. 2x21
2(x 2 3)

c. (x 1 2)(2x21)
d. x 2 1

2x 2 1

Algebra 2

Chapter 9

236