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Science Standards:
3.2! Interaction and Change: Living and non-living things interact
with energy and forces.
3.2P.1! Describe how forces cause changes in an object’s
position, motion, and speed.
3.3! Scientific Inquiry: Scientific inquiry is a process used to
explore the natural world using evidence from observations
and investigations.
3.3S.1! Plan a simple investigation based on a testable question,
match measuring tools to their uses, and collect and
record data from a scientific investigation.
3.3S.2! Use the data collected from a scientific investigation to
explain the results and draw conclusions.
3.3S.3! Explain why when a scientific investigation is repeated,
similar results are expected.
Learning Targets:
๏I can explain how changing the force on an object affects it’s motion.

Language Target:
๏I can use cause and effect words to analyze how an event occurred.

Language Vocabulary:
Cause and Effect connection words: led, result, effect, since, resulted in, led to

Sentence Frames (examples):
Prediction/Hypothesis:
If the balloon length is __________, then the distance will ___________.
Results:
Increasing the length of the balloon _______ the balloon moving a greater distance.
________ the length of the balloon _______ the balloon moving a ______ distance.

NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT!

June 2012

Other forces such as friction tend to cause an object’s motion to decrease. This motion is affected by the magnitude of those unbalanced forces.” Scientific Inquiry Defined: There are four components to the inquiry cycle.force that goes against the motion of an object Newton’s Third Law of Motion .! 4.! 2. As students gain experience. the action is the air being pushed out by the balloon. The reaction is the motion in the opposite direction. tape. ! 1. ruler. Week 3) Key Vocabulary: Force – a push or pull Motion .” the bigger the “reaction. When there are unbalanced forces acting on a object. In his 3rd Law of Motion he explained that “for every action. Some forces such as gravity tend to increase an object’s motion. fishing line (or string).force that pulls objects toward Earth Friction .Literature Connection: Treasures (Unit 5.! 3. Isaac Newton explained the motion of objects. the object will move. the individual parts of the inquiry cycle need to be explicitly taught and modeled by the teacher.for every action (force). straws. NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT! June 2012 . there is an equal and opposite reaction (force) Materials: balloons (sausage-type). Motion can be quantified by measuring the distance an object travels or the time it takes for an object to move.changing position Distance – the amount an object changes position Gravity . tape measure Teacher Background: Forces are acting on objects at all time. teachers will gradually release control and move to a model of more learner self-direction. and it is important that students see this cycle as a process for “doing” science.! Forming a Question or Hypothesis Designing an Investigation Collecting and Presenting Data Analyzing and Interpreting Results During initial student experiences.” In the case of balloon-powered vehicles. The bigger the “action. there is an equal and opposite reaction.

and tape it parallel to straw with the open end near one of the students. 2. Then have them share their ideas with a partner or small group. then the distance it travels will because . write a procedure for testing the question. Tell students to write the question in their “Scientific Inquiry Work Sample” template: How does the length of a rocket balloon affect the distance it travels? Ask them to write a hypothesis or prediction that describes what they think will happen in this investigation by completing the sentence frame: “If the length of a rocket balloon increases. Thread the line through the straw. Make sure the students are holding the line tight and release the balloon. Make sure to emphasize the importance of only testing one thing (variable) at a time and doing the test multiple times (trials). Have students record the class procedure in their “Scientific Inquiry Work Sample” template and draw pictures to represent each step. How does the length of the rocket balloon affect the distance it travels? Ask students to think privately about how they could test this question. As a class. Blow up a balloon.” Have two students hold the fishing line or string parallel to the floor. Tell students that they are going to do an investigation about what effect changing the amount of “action” force will have on the “reaction” motion. brainstorm some background that supports the students’ predictions/hypotheses.” As a class. It should move quickly down the line.! Demonstrate Newton’s Third Law of Motion using a “balloon rocket. Use a pictorial input chart to explain Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion. Designing an Investigation: 3. We will do this by changing the length of the balloon and measuring the distance it travels. NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT! June 2012 . Revisit the question. keeping the open end pinched. Ask groups to share their ideas.Forming a Question or Hypothesis: 1. 4. Ask the students why the balloon moved the way it did. Roll out a tape measure on the floor between the two students.

12. 7. NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT! June 2012 . See the example below to guide your class. students should be thinking about one additional question they would like to explore on this topic. It will be crucial for the teacher to create a safe learning community where reluctant learners feel safe to take risks and value mistakes as part of the learning process. As a class. To that end. Have students create this table in their “Scientific Inquiry Work Sample” template.Collecting and Presenting Data: 5. Show how to set up the graph and have students do this in their template. Have them complete the “Analyzing” section in their template. 11. did their results support their hypothesis? Why or why not? Students should refer to specific information from their investigation to support their answer. Analyzing and Interpreting Results: 9. paying close attention to their original question and hypothesis. 10. When students are done collecting. Balloon Rocket Length (cm) Distance Traveled (cm) trial 1 trial 2 trial 3 Average 6. It is important that students see inquiry as a cycle. Have students work in groups of 2-4 to collect their data or collect the data as a class.! Have students read their information from the “Forming” section. discuss how best to graph the results. often wanting to erase and rewrite their hypothesis. Students will struggle when their results do not support their hypothesis. You may want to provide some sentence starters or frames to help guide students’ thinking. Help students as they are collecting data to make sure they are accurately measuring the distance that the balloon rocket travels.! With that in mind. create a data table.

______________________________________________________________________________ then the distance it travels will ______________________________________________________________________________ because!! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ______________________________________________________________________________ ! ! ______________________________________________________________________________ •Explain your hypothesis by writing BACKGROUND INFORMATION. (TEACHER SUPPORTED) If the length of a balloon rocket increases. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT! June 2012 .F D C A Name ____________________________________ Teacher _________________________________ Date _____________________________________ SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY WORK SAMPLE: Balloon Rockets _________________________________________________ Forming a Question or Hypothesis (F) •Write a QUESTION that can be scientifically investigated. (TEACHER DIRECTED) How does the length of a balloon rocket affect the ______________________________________________________________________________ distance it travels? ______________________________________________________________________________ •Write a HYPOTHESIS that predicts the answer to the question.

DESIGNING AN INVESTIGATION (D) (TEACHER SUPPORTED) •Write the MATERIALS needed for your SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION. Add diagrams to make the procedures clear. ___________________________ ___________________________ __________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ __________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ __________________________ •Write a LOGICAL PLAN for your SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION. ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT! June 2012 .

____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ •Record DATA in the TABLE. (TEACHER SUPPORTED) Length of Balloon Rocket (cm) diagram or picture Distance Balloon Rocket Traveled (cm) trial 1 trial 2 trial 3 Average Balloon Rocket Traveled (cm) Average Distance •Complete a GRAPH to show your data. (TEACHER SUPPORTED) Length of Balloon Rocket (cm) NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT! June 2012 .Collecting and Presenting Data (C) •Record OBSERVATIONS by writing and drawing information you noticed while collecting data.

____________________________________________________________________________________________ ? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT! June 2012 . ____________________________________________________________________________________________ This happened because ! ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ •Describe some possible ERRORS in your data. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ When the balloon rocket was cm. When the balloon rocket was cm. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ! it traveled cm. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ it traveled cm. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ When the balloon rocket was cm.Analyzing and Interpreting Results (A) • Use your DATA to EXPLAIN your RESULTS. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ •Write a NEW QUESTION. As the length of the balloon rocket increased. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ it traveled cm. _____________________________________________________________________________ the distance it traveled . ____________________________________________________________________________________________ •State your CONCLUSION(S) and how it relates to your QUESTION.

increased decreased stayed the same varied NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT! June 2012 .

force motion distance Newton’s Third Law of Motion NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT! June 2012 .

gravity friction NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT! June 2012 .

NCSD K-5 Scientific Inquiry Tasks DRAFT! June 2012 .