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Context Clues

Making sense of unfamiliar and multiple meaning


words

Definition and Restatement


What it is:
Definition: A statement of the the exact
meaning of a word.
Restatement: The act or state of repeating.

Sample Sentence: The zoologist research


involved several types of lepidoptera, also
called butterflies and moths.

Signal Words: Which is, or, also known as, that


is, in other words, also called.

Example
What it is: 1 or more words that unlock the
meaning of an unfamiliar word.

Sample Sentence: The zoologists research


involved several types of lepidoptera,
including butterflies and moths.

Signal Words:

Like
Including
Such as
For example
For instance
Especially
Other
This
These
These include

Comparison
What it is: When the writer makes a
comparison between what is referred to by
the word in question and something that is
more familiar. By noting the similarities
between the things described, you can get
an idea of the meaning of the unfamiliar
word.
Sample Sentence: Similar to the other
members of the hog family, the Peccary
forages for roots with its snout and tusks.

Signal Words:

Like
As
In the same way
Similar to
Resembling
Likewise
Similarity
Also
Identical
Related

Contrast
The state of being strikingly different from something else,
typically something in juxtaposition or close association.

Signal Words

dissimilar

But

different

Although
On the contrary
Sample Sentence: Rather than adopt the
penurious spending habits of her parents,
Jane was generous with her money.

Rather than
On the other hand
In contrast

However

Cause and Effect : Hailey Jones (:


What it is: A cause of an action or event that
may be stated using an unfamiliar word.
Maybe a new word that you have never seen
or heard of before, or a word that you have
seen but are unsure of the meaning.

Sample Sentence: Keisha was emaciated as


a result of being very ill for a long time, and
not being able to eat.
Meaning; Emaciated: To be very skinny or
small, maybe able to see bones. Unnaturally
thin.

Signal Words: Because, since, consequently,


therefore, when, and as a result.

Signal Words:

Inferences from
General Context
What it is: Sometimes a words meaning isnt
really clear, so you will have to infer, or draw
a conclusion about the meaning. Sometimes
there are clues in the sentence or sentences
around the word.
Sample Sentence:
The Wolfman is a classic movie about a
lycanthrope who grew excessively hairy
whenever the moon was full.

There are no signal words for this one, but in the


example you can tell that lycanthrope has
something to do with a Wolfman and you can
tell, if you didnt already know that a wolfman
was hairy, it says in the sentence who grew
excessively hairy.