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PHYSICS

Multiple Choice- Reviewer


____ 1.A ball is thrown vertically upward with an initial velocity of 3 m/s from a window of a tall
building. The ball strikes the ground level 4 seconds later. Determine the height of window
above the ground.
a. 66.331 m
b. 66.450 m
c. 67.239 m
d. 67.492 m
____ 2.A stone was dropped freely from a balloon at a height of 190 m. above the ground. The
balloon is moving upward at aspeed of 30 m/s. Determine the velocity of the stone as it hits
the ground.
a. 69.03 m/s
b. 68.03 m/s
c. 67.30 m/s
d. 69.23 m/s
____ 3. A ball is thrown vertically at a speed of 20 m/s from a bldg. 100 m. above the ground.
Find the velocity and position of thestone above the ground after 5 seconds.
a. 4.67 m, 48.30 m/s
b. 4.54 m, 47.68 m/s c. 5.43 m, 47.69 m/s
d. 5.68 m,
48.20 m/s
____ 4.A projectile is fired from the top of a cliff 92 m. high with a velocity of 430 m/s directed
45o to the horizontal. Find the range on the horizontal plane through the base of the cliff.
a. 18.959 km
b. 23.408 km
c. 15.273 km
d. 20.365 km
____ 5.A stone is thrown outward, at an angle of 30 o with the horizontal as shown in the
drawing, into the river from a cliff that is 120 meters above the water level at a velocity of 36
kilometers per hour. At what height above the water level will the stone start to fall?
a. 121.27 m
b. 189.29m
c. 111.38 m
d. 152.22 m
____ 6.A block passes a point 4 m from the edge of a table with a velocity of 5 m/s. It slides off
the edge of the table which is 5 m high and strikes the floor 3 m from the edge of the table.
What was the coefficient of friction between the block and the table?
a. 0.65
b. 1.04
c. 0.21
d. 0.11
____ 7.A ball is shot at a ground level at an angle of 60 degrees with the horizontal with an
initial velocity of 10 m/sec. Which ofthe following most nearly gives the maximum height (h)
attained by the ball?
a. 2.47 m
b. 3.29 m
c. 4.61 m
d. 3.82 m
____ 8.A projectile leaves a velocity of 50 m/s at an angle of 30 with the horizontal. Find the
maximum height that it could reach?
a. 31.86
b. 41.26
c. 28.46
d. 51.26
____ 9.A light hangs from two cables. One cable has a tension of 39.72 lb and is at an angle of
43.4owith respect to the ceiling. What is the weight of the lamp if the other cable makes an
angle of 17.1o with respect to the ceiling?
a. 37.2 lb
b. 35.8 lb
c. 36.8 lb
d. 36.17lb
____ 10.A 46.07 N light hangs from two cables at angles 54.9 o and 61.4o with respect to the
ceiling. What is the tension in the first cable?
a. 24.6N
b. 25N
c. 23.9N
d. 26.4N
____ 11.A light hangs from two cables. One cable has a tension of 28.75 N and is at an angle of
58.1owith respect to the ceiling. What is the tension in the other cable if it makes an angle of
9.4o with respect to the ceiling?
a. 15.4N
b. 16.1N
c. 14.5N
d. 14.9N
____ 12.A 8.3 kg mass and a 17.1 kg mass are tied to a light string and hung over a frictionless
pulley. What is their acceleration?
a. 33.95m/s2
b. 4 m/s2
c. 4.395 m/s2
d. 3.395 m/s2
____ 13.Centrifugal force is _____
a. Directly proportional to the radius of the curvature

b. Directly proportional to the square of the tangential velocity


c. Inversely proportional to the tangential velocity
d. Directly proportional to the square of the weight of the object
____ 14.An unknown mass and a 9.9 kg mass are tied to a light string and hung over a
frictionless pulley. If the tension in thestring is 14.5 N, what is the unknown mass?
a. 1kg
b. 0.8 kg
c. 1.8kg
d. 0.5kg
____ 15.A lady pulls a cart with a force of 1837 N. Neglecting friction, if the cart changes from
resting to a speed of 1.3 m/s ina distance of 0.03289 m, what is the total mass of the cart?
a.71.5kg
b. 75.1kg
c. 70.5kg
d. 17.5kg
____ 16.A 3.66 lb book is resting on a 19.41 lb table. What is the normal force from the floor on
each table leg?
a. 5lb
b. 5.7675 lb
c. 4.9lb
d. 6.7675lb
____ 17. A box sits on a ramp inclined at 21.7o to horizontal. If the normal force on the box from
the ramp is 20.94 N, what isthe mass of the box?
a. 3.2 kg
b. 2.9kg
c. 2.3kg
d. 3.9kg
____ 18. A 7.9 kg box sits on a ramp. If the normal force on the box from the ramp is 41.82 N,
what is the angle the rampmakes with the (horizontal) ground?
a. 75.3o
b. 57.5o
c. 57.3o
d. 75.5o
____ 19. A man sees a 44.5 kg cart about to bump into a wall at 1.7 m/s. If the cart is 0.04203
m from the wall when hegrabs it, how much force must he apply to stop it before it hits?
a. 1530N
b. 1250N
c. 1350N
d. 1520N
____ 20. What is the minimum force required to start a 4.2 kg box moving across the floor if the
coefficient of static frictionbetween the box and the floor is 0.6?
a. 23.761N
b. 25.469N
c. 24.696N
d. 26.496N
____ 21. What is the kinetic energy of a 70 kg man running along at 6.36 m/s?
a. 1315J
b. 1515J
c. 1215J
d. 1415J
____ 22. What is the speed of a 53.6 kg woman running with a kinetic energy of 1617 J?
a. 7.77m/s
b. 7.57m/s
c. 7.67m/s
d. 7.87m/s
____ 23. What is the gravitational potential energy of a 149.1 kg man at a height of 74.21 m
above the ground?
a. 100,000J
b. 107,300J
c. 108,400J
d. 110,580J
____24. What is the height where a 121.2 kg woman would have a gravitational potential
energy of 10610 J?
a. 9.54m
b. 7.57m
c. 8.94 m
d. 7.87
____ 25. What is the change in gravitational potential energy for a 68.9 kg man walking up
stairs from a height of 63.07 m to107.69 m?
a. -30133 J
b. 301230 J
c. 30320 J
d. 30130 J
____ 26. What is the change in gravitational potential energy for a 132.5 kg woman walking
down a hill from a height of102.86 m to 70.38 m?
a. -4123 J
b. -42175 J
c. -5 J
d. 4321 J
____ 27. How much work is done by gravity when a 82.3 kg diver jumps from a height of 5.23 m
into the water?
a. 4321 J
b. 4218 J
c. 4871 J
d. 4334 J
____ 28.In fluid mechanics, this shows the pressure of a fluid decreases as the speed of the
fluid increases. In addition, the pressure of a fluid decreases as the elevation increases.
a. Clairuts equation
b. Bernoullis equation c. Maxwell equation
d. Hydrofluid
equation

____ 29. Suppose that energy Q is required to accelerate a car from to v, neglecting friction,
how much energy would be required to increase the speed from v to 2v?
a. Q
b. 2Q
c. 3Q
d. 4Q
____ 30. A constant force acts on a 25-kg object and reduces its velocity from 17 m/s to 13 m/s
in a time of 8 s. Find the force. a. -12.50 N b. -6.70 N
c. -7.50 N
d. -17.40 N
____ 31. In optics, this effect to the blurring of image produced on a concave due to the
convergence of rays far from the mirror to the other points on the principal axis. What do you
call this effect?
a. Spherical aberration b. Focal divergence
c. Parallax error
d. Snells effect
____ 32. Suppose that an object is pushed with a steady force along a frictionless surface.
When you multiply the objects mass by the length of time for which it is pushed and then
multiply the result by the objects acceleration over that period of time, you geta. Momentum
b. Velocity
c. Impulse
d. A meaningless quantity
____ 33. If the lifetime of pions at rest in the laboratory is 5.6 x 10 -8s, at what speed must the
pions travel with respect to the laboratory so that their lifetime is 9.4 x 10 -8s as measured by a
lab observer?
a. 0.64c
b. 0.91c
c. 0.98c
d. 0.80c
____ 34. A ball is swinging in a circle on a string when the string length is doubles, as the same
velocity, the force on the string will be ________.
a. Twice as much
b. Half as much
c. One-fourth as much d. The same
____ 35. The outward force exerted by the moving object on the agent.
a. Centrifugal reaction b. Central force
c. Centripetal force
reaction

d. Gravitational

____ 36. What would happen if Earths gravitational pull on the Moon suddenly stopped?
a. Nothing
b. The moon would fly out of the Earths orbit.
c. The moon would fall into the Earth.
d. The moon would fall into the Sun.
____ 37. A ball is dropped from a height of 26m above a tile floor with a coefficient of restitution
equal to 0.92. Compute its fourth rebound height.
a. 18.62m
b. 15.76m
c. 13.33m
d. 11.29m
____ 38. The work done by a force of 1 dyne exerted through a distance of 1 cm.
a. Watt
b. Erg
c. Joule
d. Foot-Pound
____ 39. What is the only decay that has mass?
a. Alpha decay
b. Beta decay

c. Gamma decay

d. none of these

____ 40. Because light moves with a finite velocity, the position observed for an astronomical
object from the rotating Earth corresponding to that a short time before the instant of
observation
a. Black hole aberration b. Planetary aberration
c. Cosmic aberration d. Stellar
aberration
____ 41. It states that every point on a primary wavefront serves as the source of spherical
secondary wavelets.
a. Korteweg-deVries Principle
b. Faraday Effect
c. Mersennes Law
d. Huygens
Principle
____42. An Instrument used to detect radioactivity. It emits a series of audible clicks if ionizing
radiation passes through it.
a. Spark Chamber
b. Geiger Counter
c. Electroscope
d. Golay Cell
____ 43. These are electrons, deflected by magnetic and electric fields, show much greater
penetration and produce less ionization.

a. Alpha particle

b. Beta particle

c. Gamma particle

d. Delta

particle
____ 44. If the source of a sound wave moves through a medium with a speed in excess of the
speed of sound in that medium, a ______ is produced.
a. Ultrasonic
b. Infrasonic
c. Shockwave
d. Detonation Velocity
____ 45. The resistance encountered by solids passing through fluids and the friction set up
with liquids and gases.
a. Fluid friction
b. Rolling friction
c. Viscosity
d. Cracking
____ 46. It is the maximum displacement of a particle in vibration relative to the position of the
equilibrium.
a. Wavefront
b. Frequency
c. Amplitude
d. Period
____ 47.Refers to the quantity of visible radiation passing per unit time.
a. Luminous flux
b. Lumen
c. Candle

d. Illuminance

____ 48.The closeness of an indication or reading of a measurement device to the actual value
of the quantity being measured. Usually expressed as positive of negative percent of full scale
output or reading
a. Precision
b. Accuracy
c. Compression
d. Effectiveness
____ 49. The energy stored in a stretched elastic material such as a spring is ________.
a. Internal energy
b. Mechanical energy c. Kinetic energy d. Elastic potential
energy
____ 50. Find the theoretical speed of sound in oxygen at 0C for a diatomic gas y=1.40, and for
oxygen M= 32.00 g/mole.
a. 1.62 m/s
b. 3.17 m/s
c. 3.17 m/s
d. 1.26 m/s
____ 51. According to the Law of Conservation of Momentum, when multiple objects collide in
an ideal system,
a. Each object has the same momentum after the collision as before
b. Each object transfers its momentum to any object with which it collides
c. Each object in the system has the same momentum
d. The total system momentum does not change as the collision takes place.
____ 52. It occurs when reflected sound waves return to the observer 0.1s of more after the
original wave reaches him, so that a distinct repetition of the original signal is perceived.
a. Vibration
b. Sonic
c. Echo
d. Beats
____ 53. When the pressure on any part of a confined fluid is changed, the pressure on the
other part of the fluid is also changed by the same amount. This is known as:
a. Archimedes Principle
b. Bernoullis Principle c. Pascals Principle
d.
Torricellis Principle
____ 54. A _______ is the path followed by a projectile
a. Spline
b. Range
c. Projection

d. Trajectory

____ 55. When the velocity of an object is tripled, another quantity which is tripled at the same
time is the objectsa. Momentum
b. Potential energy
c. Kinetic energy
d. Mass
____ 56.The resultant gravitational force acting on the body due to all other bodies in space.
a. Weight of the body
b. Work on the body
c. Mass of the body
d. Energy
of the body
____ 57.It occurs when two sources of slightly different frequencies are sounded at the same
time.
a. Vibration
b. Beats
c. Echo
d. Sonic

____ 58. A highly concentrated pressure wave produced when an object flies faster than the
speed of sound.
a. Supersonic
b. Sonic splash
c. Ultrasonic
d. Sonic boom
____ 59. An instrument for comparing the luminous intensities of light sources.
a. Photometer
b. Foot candle meter c. Luminous meter
d. Lumina meter
____ 60.In nuclear physics, what particle contains 2 protons and 2 neutrons?
a. Alpha particle
b. Beta particle
c. Delta particle
particle

d. Gamma

____ 61. Some light beams will follow curve paths


a. Under no circumstances
b. When measured inside a spaceship that is coasting at high speed
c. When measured in the presence of an extreme gravitational field
d. When measured from a reference frame that is accelerating
____ 62. The negative ratio of the relative velocity after a collision to the relative velocity
before collision
a. Coefficient of elasticity
c. Coefficient of collision
b. Coefficient of velocity
d. Coefficient of restitution
____ 63.The time rate of change of velocity.Since velocity is a directed or vector quantity
involving both magnitude and direction, a velocity may change by a change of magnitude
(speed) or by a change of direction or both.
a. Gravitation
b. Acceleration
c. invariant mass d. none of the above
____ 64.The closeness of an indication or reading of a measurement device to the actual value
of the quantity being measured.Usually expressed as percent of full scale output or reading.
a. Accuracy
b. Compression
c. Chemical Equilibrium
d. Distance
____ 65.The rate of change of angular velocity with respect to time.
a. Angular Velocity
b. Acceleration
c. Angular Accelerationd. none of the
above
____ 66. Is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface.
a. Lever
b. Area
c. Measurement
d. Bend
____ 67.The rate of change of angular displacement with respect to time.
a. Angular Velocity
b. Load
c. Instantaneous
d. Brittle
____ 68. What is the product of the mass and velocity of an object?
a. Hydraulics
b. physical body
c. fluid power

d. momentum

____ 69. The three laws proposed by Sir Isaac Newton to define the concept of a force and
describe motion, used as the basis of classical mechanics.
a. law of inertia
b. Newtons Law of Motion c. Newtons Law d. none of the
above
____ 70.The maximum displacement of a particle in vibration relative to the position of the
equilibrium.
a. Wave front
b. Frequency
c. Amplitude
d. Period
____ 71.A type of wave in which the particles vibrate in direction at right angles to the direction
of the wave travel.
a. Wave front
b. Transverse waves
c.Longitudinal waves d. wave length
____ 72.A type of wave in which individual particles vibrate in a direction parallel to the
direction of the wave travel.
a. Longitudinal waves b. Stationary wave
c. wave front
d.
Transverse waves

____ 73. A surface that passes through all points in the wave those are in the same phase.
a. Longitudinal waves b. Transverse waves
c. wave front
d. stationary wave
____74. Interference in which two waves arrive at a point in phase with each other and the
resulting amplitude is the sum of the amplitudes is the sum of the amplitudes of the two
original waves.
a. Constructive interference b. Destructive interference c. both (a) and (b)
d.
none of these
____ 75. The waves arrive a half wave out of phase and the resultant amplitude is the
difference between the two amplitude.
a. Constructive interference b. Destructive interference c. both (a) and (b)
d.
none of these
____ 76. A principle stating that each point on a wave front may be considered as a new source
of disturbance sending wavelets in forward direction. At any instant the new wave front is the
surface tangent to all wave length.
a. Huygens principle
b.Hygens principle
c.Hugens principle
d.Hegyns
principle
____ 77.The change of direction of a wave due to speed changes.
a. Dispersion
b. Refraction
c. wave front

d. wave misalignment

____78. Wave produced when two waves of equal amplitude and frequency travel in opposite
directions in a medium.
a. Stationary Wave
b. wave frontc. Antinodes
d. wave misalignment
____ 79.Points in a stationary wave at which the amplitude is zero.
a. antinodes
b. nodes
c. amplitude
d. period
____ 80. Points of maximum amplitude.
a. antinodes
b. nodes

c. amplitude

d. period

____ 81. A disturbance caused by a vibrating body and sense by the ear.
a. force vibration
b. resonance
c. sound
d. intensity
____ 82.The apparent frequency of a sound source is changed if there is relative motion
between the source and the observer.
a. Doppler effect
b. interference
c. supersonic
d. ultrasonic
____ 83.What is the kinetic energy of a 4000 lb. automobile which is moving at 44 ft/s?
a. 1.21 x 105 ft-lb
b. 2.1 x 105 ft-lb
c. 1.8 x 105 ft-lb
d. 1.12 x 105 ftlb
____ 84. A box slides from rest from point A down a plane inclined 30, to the horizontal. After
reaching the bottom of the plane, the box moves on horizontal floor at a distance 2 m before
coming to rest. If the coefficient of friction between the box and plane and between the box
and floor is 0.40, what is the distance of point A from the intersection of plane and the floor?
a. 7.24 m
b. 4.75 m
c. 5.21 m
d. 9.52 m
____ 85. A 400 N block slides on a horizontal plane by applying a horizontal force of 200 N and
reaches a velocity of 20 m/s in a distance of 30 m. from rest. Compute the coefficient of friction
between the floor and the block.
a. 0.18
b. 0.31
c. 0.24
d. 0.40
____ 86.A 1000N block on a leveled surface is attached to 250N block hanging on the pulley.
The pulley is 3 m away from the first block. If the first block started at rest and moves towards
the right. What is the velocity of block B as it touches the ground? How far will the block A
travel along the horizontal surface if the coefficient of friction between block A and the surface
is 0.20? Assume pulley to be frictionless.

a. 1.44 m

b. 5.22 m

c. 2.55 m

d. 3.25 m

____ 87.A force of 200 lbf acts on a block at an angle of 28 with respect to the horizontal. The
block is pushed 2 feet horizontally. What is the work done by this force?
a. 320 J
b. 540 J
c. 480 J
d. 215 J
____ 88. A 50 kg object strikes the unscratched spring attached to a vertical wall having a
spring constant of 20 KN/m. Find themaximum deflection of the spring. The velocity of the
object before it strikes the spring is 40 m/s.
a. 1m
b. 3 m
c. 2 m
d. 4 m
____ 89. To push a 25 kg crate up a 27 incline plane, a worker exerts a force of 120 N, parallel
to the incline. As the crates slides 3.6m, how much is the work done on the crate by the worker
and by the force of gravity.
a. 400 J
b. 380 J
c. 420 J
d. 350 J
____ 90.A train weighing 12,000 KN is accelerated at a constant rate up a 2% grade with a
velocity increasing from 30 kph to 50 kph in a distance of 500 meters. Determine the horse
power developed by the train.
a. 5.394 kW
b. 4.468 kW
c. 5.120 kW
d. 4.591 kW
____ 91. An elevator has an empty weight of 5160 N. It is design to carry a maximum load of 20
passengers from the ground floor to the 25th floor of the building in a time of 18 seconds.
Assuming the average weight of a passenger to be 710 N and the distance between floors to
be 3.5m, what is the minimum constant power needed for the elevator motor?
a. 94.3 kW
b. 97.4 kW
c. 85.5 kW
d. 77.6 kW
____ 92. A piano string is 80 cm long and weighs 5 N. If the string is stretched by a force of 500
N. what is the speed of the waveset up when the hammer strikes the string?
a. 26 m/s
b. 28 m/s
c. 27 m/s
d. 30 m/s
____ 93.An unknown mass and a 13.2 kg mass are tied to a light string and hung over a
frictionless pulley. If the tension inthe string is 61.3114 N, what is the unknown mass?
a. 3.9 kg
b. 4.0 kg
c. 4.1 kg
d. 4.2kg
____ 94. A 3.1 lb book is resting on a 73.76 lb table. What is the normal force (with direction) of
the book on the table?
a. -3.2lbs
b. 3.2lbs
c. -3.1lbs
d. 3.1 lbs
____ 95. A 5.2 kg box sits on a ramp inclined at 42.4 o to horizontal. What is the normal force on
the box from the ramp?
a. 37.64 N
b. 37.54 N
c. 37.53N
d. 37.63 N
____ 96. A 6.7 kg box sits on a ramp inclined at 37.4 o to horizontal. What is the normal force on
the ramp from the box?
a. 52.17N
b. -52.16 N
c. 52.16 N
d. -52.17 N
____ 97. A box sits on a ramp inclined at 21.7o to horizontal. If the normal force on the box from
the ramp is 20.94 N, what is the mass of the box?
a. 2.3 kg
b. 2.2kg
c. 2.4kg
d. 2.1kg
____ 98. A 7.9 kg box sits on a ramp. If the normal force on the box from the ramp is 41.82 N,
what is the angle the rampmakes with the (horizontal) ground?
a. 57.3o
b. 57.4o
c. 56.3o
d. 55.3o
____ 99. What is the minimum force required to start a 11.5 kg box moving across the floor if
the coefficient of static friction between the box and the floor is 0.64?
a. 72.13 N
b. 72.13 N
c. 72.1 N
d. 72.128 N
____ 100.The component of linear acceleration tangent to the path of a particle moving in a
circular path.
a. tension
b. tensile
c. tangential acceleration d. tension ring