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HowtoconformtoEN8371(EuropeanStandard)

Sizesandscaleranges:

1.Nominalsizes:
1.1Industrialgauge:

40mm,50mm,63mm,80mm,100mm,150mm,
160mm,250mm

Generaltolerances(EN227681):

2.ScaleRanges:

2.1Testgauge:

2.2Industrialgauge:

Specifiedbythepurchaser
seebelow(baristhepreferredunit)

IncaseofkPaandMPa:
060kPaupto01000kPa,then01,6MPatomax.0160MPa.

Designandconstruction:

0.GeneralProtectionagainstcorrosionallpartsthatarenotinherentlyresistant
tocorrosion,mustbepaintedorotherwisetreated

1.Casedesignandconstruction

SeeNominalsizes1.1
2.Windowdesigns
80mmandupgaugesmin.3mmthicksheetofglass(orother
similarmaterialspecifiedbythepurchaser)

Uniforminthicknessandfreefromdefects!
3.Mountingdesigns
3.1Mountingofcircularsurfacemountinggauges

SeeNominalsizes1.1(checkenoughspacefortheblowoutdevice)

3.2Mountingofcircularflushmountinggauges

SeeNominalsizes1.1(checkenoughspacefortheblowoutdevice)

4.Shank(connector)designandconstruction
4.1Screwthreads: DoNOTmixNPTandBSPT(G)threads!!!
4.2Shankdimensions:dimensionsofscrewthread+hexagon/square+spigot
seebelow

BSPP(G):ParallelpipethreadsaccordingtoISO2281

NPT(R):TaperpipethreadaccordingtoANSI/ASMEB1.20.1

4.3Sealingwasher(optionalforparallelscrewthreadsONLY):
materialdependsonthepressureandthefluidtobemeasured
Measurementsareshownbelow:

4.4Highpressureshank(HP)forconnectionwithlenssealTBW

5.Bourdontubematerialdesignandconstruction

6.Dials(scales)andpointers

6.1DialsandScales

6.1.1Scaleangle
Normallycovers270o
(forclasses0.1,0.25and0.6,itmaybelonger)
(Dialswithanaccuracyof1.6%(2.5%and4%too)haveastopping
andashortenedfirstblock.Withanaccuracyof1%orbetter,thereis
nostoppingandnoshortenedfirstblockonthedial.)

6.1.2Scaleinterval(thevalue(notlength)between2scalemarks)
1x10n,2x10nor5x10n(ncanbepositive,negativenumberor
zero)
Seeattachment

6.1.3Scalemarks

Thicknessofscalemarks<1/5ofscalespacing

Scalespacing>1mm

Scalespacingconstant(longestandshortestspacing
difference<1/5)
(e.g.shortest1mmlongest<1.2mm)

6.1.4Scalenumbering

Dependsonmanufacturer

Seeattachment
6.2Pointers

6.2.1Pointerdimensions

Tipofpointerwidth<minorscalemarkwidth

Tipofpointerfallsbetween1/10and9/10ofshortestscalemark

Minimumpointerlengthfromaxistotipisshownbelow:

6.3Mirrorscale

Class0.1gaugerequiresamirrorscale

Class0.25and0.6gaugesmustminimizeparallaxerrorse.g.
useknifeedgepointersoptional,butrecommended:useamirrorscale
6.4Informationondial

a)unitofpressure

b)accuracyclassattheendofscale

c)optional:typeofpressureelementsymbol(seebelow)

d)ifgaugesmax.steadyworkingpressure=max.scalevalueidentifying
markatmax.scalevalue(seebelow)

e)ifgaugeisnotcalibratedforverticalusesymbolofintendeddialplane
angle

f)class0.1,0.25and0.6gaugesifacustomerwantstousethegaugeat
otherthanthereferencetemperaturemarkisneeded
g)class0.1,0.25and0.6gaugesiftheprovidedaccuracyvalueofa
gaugeisonlyforliquidorgasmarkisneeded
h)optional:indicateEN8371
j)nameorlogoofmanufacturer/supplier
k)serialnumberclass0.1and0.25(+metrologicalrelated)mark
isneeded

class0.6to4markmaybeprovided
m)ifwettedpartsdifferfrombrass,bronze,tin,orhardsoldermarkis
needed
n)Safetypatterngaugesmarkisneeded(seex.x.x)
o)Oxygenandacetylenegaugesmarkisneeded(seex.x.x)

6.5Pointerstop

Max.steadyworkingpressure=max.scalevaluefreezero

Max.steadyworkingpressure=75%ofmax.scalevaluemayhave
freezero
7.SafetydesignSeealso:Testsection
Incaseofpressureelementfailureinasafetygauge,blastanddebriscannot
leavethegaugefromthefront.Recommendationsasseenbelow:

7.1Blowoutdevice(S1)ongauges(nospecialmarkingisneeded)

Requirements a)resistanttoblockingbydebrisanddirt
b)pressureneededtofunction<halfofwindowburst
pressure
c)installedonliquidfilledgauges
7.2Safetypatterngauges

Types

a)4080sizewithoutbafflewall(S2)

b)40250sizewithbafflewall(S3)

7.2.1EnergyreleasetestSeeTestsection

7.2.2Window
Nonsplinteringmaterial(e.g.laminatedglass,ornonsplintering
plastic)

7.2.3Blowoutback

See2.2.1

AlsoseeTestsection

7.2.4Bafflewall

PermanentwallbetweenBourdontubeanddial.

Holesonwallcannotexceed5%ofoverallarea.

7.2.5Marking(ofsafetypatterngauges)

4080sizewithoutbafflewallSmarkandEN8371ondial

40250sizewithbafflewallSmarkandEN8371ondial
7.3Oxygenoracetylenegauges

Mustbesafetypatterntypegauge

MaterialmustcomplywithEN29539

7.3.1Oxygengauges

Wettedpartsmustbeoilandgreasefree.

Ondialoxygenandnolubricationsymbol

7.3.2Acetylenegauges
Ondialacetylene
7.4Liquidfilledgauges

Atmosphericpressurecompensatordevice(e.g.pressurereliefvent)
mustbeinstalledonthegauge
7.5MetrologygaugesTBW

Accuracy,overloadandtemperatureeffects

1.Accuracyandoverload
1.1Accuracyclasses
At20Cpermissibleerrorsareasfollows:

1.1.1Temperatureeffects: 0,04x(t2t1)%,where:

t1=referencetemperatureinoC(about20oC)

t2=ambienttemperatureinoC(actualtemperature)
1.2Accuracyclassesandnominalsizes
Gaugeswithpointerstop10%100%rangemustbeaccurate
Gaugeswithfreezero0%100%rangemustbeaccurate

1.3Endurancetests

1.3.1Maximumsteadyworkingpressure75%ofthemaximumscale

1.3.1.1Steadypressuretest

Maximumscalevalueforanextendedperiodoftime
1.3.1.2Overpressuretest

Seebelow:

1.3.1.3Cyclicpressuretest

Withstandspressurefluctuationfrom30%to60%ofmaximum
scalevalueforthefollowingnumberofpressurecycles:

1.3.2Maximumsteadyworkingpressuremaximumscale(see1.4.4/d)
1.3.1.1Steadypressureandoverpressuretests

1.3xthemaximumscalevalueforanextendedperiodof
time

1.3.1.2Cyclicpressuretest

Withstandspressurefluctuationfrom30%to95%ofmaximum
scalevaluefor200,000cycles(forclasses0.1,0.25,and0.6
15,000isenough)

1.4Operatingconditions

1.4.1Servicetemperature

Ambient:20Cto+60C

Fluid:basedonthepropertiesoftheliquid

1.4.2Storagetemperature
40Cto+70C(gaugecannotchangeitsappearance(neitherthedial))

1.4.3Wateranddustresistance
Minimum: IP31(indoor)(Tools, thick wires, etc. / Dripping water)
IP44(outdoor)(Most wires, slender screws, ants etc. /
Water splashing against the enclosure from any direction)

1.4.4Mechanicalshock

Shockloadsof150m/s2(foraccuracyclasses14)

1.4.5Mechanicalvibration
(foraccuracyclasses14)

1.4.6Leakrate

Shallnotexceed5x103mbarl/s
1.4.7Mountingposition
+5otiltingshallnotinfluencetheindicatormorethanoriginalclassx
0.5(e.g.class1.61.6%x0.5=+0.8%)

Threeorthogonalaxes:

Aftertest:

5m/s2acceleration(~1/2G)

10Hzto150Hzfrequency

1octave/min.scanratefor2hours/axis
indicatoraccuracyshallfallwithinoriginal
classaccuracyx1.5(e.g.class1.61.6%x
1.5=+2.4%)

Testing

1.Testing
Referencetemperature:20C
Testingtemperature(dialisinnominalposition+3o):
Typeapprovaltests(beforeaproductisallowedtobesold)ofall
classes,andproductionpiece(beforeproductiongauges
prototype)testsofclass0.1,0.25and0.6gauges+2C
Productionpiecetestofclass1,1.6,2.5,and4gauges+5C

1.1Sampletests(typeapproval/productionpiece).
Seebelow(table)andattachment.GroupA(lowestrange),GroupB/C,
GroupD(highestrange)

1.2Testpointsandhysteresis
Thenumberoftestpointsshallbeevenlydistributedovertheentirescale
asfollows:
classes0,1;0,25and0,6:aminimumof10points;
classes1;1,6and2,5:aminimumof5points;
class4:aminimumof4points.
Eachpointshallbetestedwithrisingandfallingpressure.Themaximum
scalevalueisatestpoint.
Zeroisatestpointwhenitisfree.
Thereadingshallbeobtainedafterthegaugehasbeenlightlytapped.
Pressurereadingsshallbeinterpolatedbetween1/4and1/10ofthe
distancebetweentwoscalemarks.
Thehysteresisiscalculatedfromthedifferenceinappliedpressureforthe
sameindicationpointorthedifferenceinpressureindicationforthesame
appliedpressureonfallingandrisingpressure.

1.3Temperature(difference)effecttest

Fromreference20Ctemp.,in20Csteps,ambientmaximum(20C)and
minimum(+60)shallbereached.Afterthermalequilibriumisreached,
testsshallberun(see1.2).
1.4EndurancetestSeealsoPoint2.2ofSectionAccuracy,overloadandother
designRequirementsforreference

1.4.1Maximumsteadyworkingpressure75%ofthemaximumscale

1.4.1.1Steadypressure

Max.scalevalue12hours

1.4.1.2Overpressure

Seebelow15minutes

1.4.1.3Cyclicpressure

Sinusoidallyfluctuatingpressurebetween30%+5%and60%+
5%ofmaximumscalevalueat2060cyclesperminuteforX
(seetable)cycles.

E.g.:100barmax.scalevalue30bar+5barto60bar+5barand
backto30bar+5bar(1cycle)2060cycles/minute,50000x=
~41hours

Above1000bar,frequencycanbereducedto1cycle/minute.
1.4.2MaximumsteadyworkingpressureMaximumscale

1.4.2.1Steadyandoverpressure

Max.scalevaluex1.312hours
1.4.2.2Cyclicpressure

Sinusoidallyfluctuatingpressurebetween30%+5%and95%+
5%ofmaximumscalevalueat2060cyclesperminuteforX
cycles.Xcanbe200000cycles,or15000cyclesforclasses0.1;
0.25and0.6.

E.g.:100barmax.scalevalue30bar+5barto60bar+5barand
backto30bar+5bar(1cycle)2060cycles/minute,50000x=
~41hours

Above1000bar,frequencycanbereducedto1cycle/minute.
1.4.3Accuracytest(afterendurancetest)

Letitrestfor1hour.

Testitaccordingto1.2errorcannotexceed1.2xclass(e.g.class1=
1%x1.2=1.2%)
01000barand01600barerrorcannotexceed1.5xclass

1.5Ratedtemperaturetest
Pressureelementassembly24hoursinsideclimaticchamberatmax.
allowedtemperature(20Cand+60C)

Upto1000bar2.5xmax.scalevalueappliedpressure

Above1000bar1.5xmax.scalevalueappliedpressure

Thenleaktestatambienttemperature(see1.8)
1.6Ratedstoragetemperaturetest

Completeunpressurizedgauge24hoursinsideclimaticchamberateach
(2)temperatureextreme(40Cand+70C)
Thencheckappearance;after1houratreferencetemp.checkaccuracy,
hysteresis(see1.2);leakage(see1.8)
1.7Leaktest

Pressureuptomax.scalevalue

Upto25bar(~363psi)max.scalevaluegas

Above25barmax.scalevalueliquid
1.8Ingressofwaterandforeignparticlestest(IPXX)

EN60529
1.9Mechanicalshocktest
TBW,EN60068227
1.10Mechanicalvibrationtest
TBWEN6006826

1.11Mountingpositiontest

Mountthegaugeina5oangleforwards,backwards,totheleftandrightto

itsnormalpositionaccuracyandhysteresistest(see1.2)errorcannot
exceed0.5xclass.
1.12Safetytest

1.12.1Gaugeswithblowoutdevice

1.12.1.1Constructionalrequirements

Blowoutdevicemustbeinplace(inspection)

1.12.1.2Blowouttest

Note:Liquidfilledgaugesshouldbetestedwithandwithout

liquid
a)Sealanyleakagepointsbylowstrengthsealant

b)Pressurizethegaugeviaitsconnection(Bourdontubeis
removed)

c)Increasepressuretillblowoutdevicedropsoutoropensup
(notmorethan100kPa)windowandothercomponents
cannotbedamagedinanyway

d)Blocktheblowoutdeviceandmeasurepressurethatdamages
thewindow(burstpressure)

1.12.2Safetypatterngauge

1.12.2.1Constructionalrequirements

Visualinspection.SeesectionAccuracy,overloadandother
designrequirements2.2.2.22.2.2.5

1.12.2.2Energyreleasetest

a)Gasisreleasedintothecasethroughgaugeconnection.Upto
andfor63mmgaugesboresize:min.5mm.Above63mm
gaugesboresize:min.10mm
b)Gasshallbestoredinastoragevolume,pressurized.
c)Gasstoragevolumeconnectedtoa(highspeedfullvalve
openingwithin50ms)valvethatinturnisconnectedtothe
gaugesconnector.
d)Valve(andotherconnectedpipesetc.)flowcrosssection
>28mm2
e)Lengthofconnectingpipingetc.<65mm

a1)Liquidfillablegaugesmustbetestedwithandwithoutliquid
b1)Airbubbleontopcorrectsize

c1)Protecttheoperator
1.12.2.2.1Gaugeswithoutbafflewall(S2)

Releasegasintothecaseenergy(pressurexvolume)
containedbypressureelementatmax.scalevaluex1.5

1.12.2.2.2Gaugeswithbafflewall(S3)

a)Uptoandfor1000bargaugesReleasegasinto
thecaseenergy(pressurexvolume)containedby
pressureelementatmax.scalevaluex2.5
b)Above1000bargaugesReleasegasinto
thecaseenergy(pressurexvolume)containedby
pressureelementatmax.scalevaluex1.5
1.12.2.3Evaluation

Testissuccessfulifnoparticles,orfluidleavesthegauge
fromthefront.