Sie sind auf Seite 1von 64

Huawei SingleEPC solution

overview
www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 2

Signaling and Data Strong Increase in Live Networks

1 Exabyte = 1,000,000,000 gigabytes

Challenge: How to cope with signaling and data traffic increase ?

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 3

EPC Traffic & Revenue will strongly increase in the next years

4G terminal connections on the rise

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 4

4G will represent 45% of the total data traffic in 2017

4G Traffic Forecast 2012-2017


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 5

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

PCC architecture
PRS
eMBMS

SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 6

Seamless interworking requires GGSN/PGW convergence


BTS

BSC/PCU

GSM
BSS

SGSN

USN9810 = SGSN +MME

Gn
NodeB

Gn

RNC

UMTS RAN

Gi

GGSN

Internet
Gi/SGi

Legacy PS
EPC/LTE
MME

S11

P-GW

UGW9811 = GGSN +
S-GW + PDN-GW

eNodeB

E-UTRAN
S-GW

As to the multi-mode UE, the common anchoring point should be selected to ensure there is no P-GW/GGSN
relocation when the UE moves from the legacy PS core to LTE. That demands that the GGSN/PGW must be
convergent for seamless handover between GU and LTE network.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 7

USN9810 Overview
ATCA platform
Powerful Performance
1
4
U
482.6mm

12M SAU
24M PDP contexts
48Gbps throughput

Based on ATCA
platform
Board

Description

Redundancy

USN9810
ECU

Enhanced
control plane
unit

1+1

EPU

Enhanced packet
forward unit

1+1

OMU

Operation &
Maintenance
Unit

1+1

EFC

GE Interface
card

1+1

SWU

Switch Unit

1+1

SGSN
MME
Board Name

Static Specification of Board

ECU

SAU: 500,000
PDP/Bearer: 1 million

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Forwarding capability in 2G network: 160 Mbit/s, 40,000 PPS


EPU

PDP/Bearer: 1 million
Forwarding capability in 3G network: 2 Gbit/s, 500,000 PPS

Page 8

New hardware: EPUb


More powerful CPU,
more memory doubles
capacity of EPU.

USN9810 (ESU: Enhanced Service Unit)


0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

U Q U Q
S X S X
I I I I

U Q U Q Q Q T T Q Q Q Q Q Q
S X S X X X M M X X X X X X
I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

O E O E
M S M S
U U U U

T T
M M
I I

S S
WW
U U

Board

9 10 11 12 13

E E E E E E S S E E E E E E
S S S S S S W W S S S S S S
U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
0

E E E E E E S S E E E E E E
S S S S S S W W S S S S S S
U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
0

ESU

Enhanced
Service Unit

1+1

OMU

Operation &
Maintenance
bps
Unit

1+1

QXI

10GE, GE
Interface
card

1+1

SWU

Switching
Unit

1+1

@512 bytes

9 10 11 12 13

U Q U Q Q Q T T Q Q Q Q Q Q
S X S X X X M M X X X X X X
I I I I I I I I I I I I I I
O E O E E E S S E E E E E E
M S M S S S W W S S S S S S
U U U U U U U U U U U U U U

Configuration
Smallest

Typical

Typical configuration

Largest configuration

Boards

SAU

PDP

GPRS Throughput

1 Pair ESU

1M

2M

450M

15 G

5 Pairs ESU

5M

10 M

2.2 G

75 G

17 Pairs ESU

17 M

34 M

7.65 G

255 G

Configuration

UMTS Throughput

Configuration
Largest
Configuration

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Redund

9 10 11 12 13

Q Q Q Q Q Q T T Q Q Q Q Q Q
X X X X X X S S X X X X X X
I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

O E O E E E S S E E E E E E
M S M S S S WW S S S S S S
U U U U U U U U U U U U U U

Smallest configuration

Description

Q Q Q Q Q Q T T Q Q Q Q Q Q
X X X X X X S S X X X X X X
I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

Page 9

Page 9

bps
@512 bytes

UGW9811 Overview
UGW9811

1 2 3 4

1 1
5 6 7
7 8

L L L LMML L S
PPPPPPPPP
UUUUUUUUU

Powerful
Powerful
Performance
Performance

SFU
SFU
SFU
SFU

240/ SPUf
Gbps
SPUe

SSSSSSSSS
PPPPPPPPP
UUUUUUUUU
8 9

1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 1 2 3 4 5 6

PGP-X16
PGP-16 32U height
In load sharing
a max
of 10
With mode,
12xSPUe:
12M
PDP
SPUs , each one supporting 1 MM PDPs
for 2G and With
800K12
PDPs
for 3G
(12PDP
SPUs
x SPUf:
48M
without 1+1 redundancy)
Name

throughput in
normal
240
/ 600traffic
Gbps
throughput
60Gbps
throughput
in
SPUe
: 20 Gbps
100%DPI+100
%Gx+100%Gy
SPUf
: 50 Gbps

Description

Unified
Gateway

Strong
Hardware

UGW9811
SPUE

GGSN

Enhanced CPU
processor : 5Gbps@
100%DPI+100%Gx+
100%Gy
LPUG

LPUK

LPUN

Up to
10GE

Up to
20GE

Up to
40GE

Redundancy

S-GW
PDN-GW
HSGW
PDSN
ASNGW
PDG
Capacity

MPU

Main Processor Unit, the central control


unit.

1+1

SPU

Service Processing Unit, service processing


for 2/3/4G

1+1 or N+1

24Gbps in non-DPI mode , 5Gbps in


100%DPI mode

LPU

Line interface Processing Unit, providing


physical interfaces

1+1 or load
sharing

12*GE, 20*GE,1*10GE, 2*10GE, 4*10GE,

SFU

Switching Fabric Unit, for internal data


switching.

3+1

3.2Tbps per SFU

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 10

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

PCC architecture
PRS
eMBMS

SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 11

Operators Current Situation and Challenges


Challenges

Solution & Value

Background
Investing in more infrastructure to increase the
offered bandwidth is not a suitable policy anymore,
if there is no bandwidth management policies are
deployed in the network..
These bandwidth management control policies
should be based on subscriber category,
geographic location, date and time, application
used, network type and/or network congestion
conditions.
Churn could increase (VIP subscribers) due to poor
customer experience.,
No data monetization based on use and
application.
This along with the risk of losing VIP subscribers
will affect negatively the ARPU.

Solution
Deploy PCC architecture and
Service Awareness Charging

SA

RAN

GGSN

3
Apps

Different policies based on different conditions using Huawei


PCRF+DPI rich set of features
2 Deploy Service Awareness Charging in fully
1

Value

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

PCRF

MBB resources utilization will be optimized.


Customer experience will be improved
VIP susbcribers churn will decrease
Customer base will increase
ARPU will increase
Page 12

SA Capability is the Key to Achieve Outstanding Traffic Management


Intelligent Pipe and
Outstanding Traffic
Management
Traffic Monetization
Traffic Controlling

SA Capability

Service Awareness Capability helps to achieve outstanding traffic management.


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 13

Contents

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Problems &Challenges

SA Capability

Hitless Upgrade

Page 14

PCC solution architecture


Provisioning
System

CG (post-paid)

OCS
Subscriber
Profile

Provisioning or CRM
synchronize the
subscriber profile to
PCRF.

Gy Diameter
GTP' (CDR)

HSS

PCRF

DNS Server

3. APN
Resolution
2. Authentication

1. Subscriber
attachment.

Gx Diameter
4. IP address allocation
5. PDP context activation

GTP
Radio
RAN
Access
eRAN
(eNode B)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

PCRF informs the


policy to GGSN

GTP
SGSN / MME

GGSN / SGW / PGW

PCEF
(Embedded DPI)
Page 15

Operator
Service
Netservice
Internet
Corporate
Intranet

SA Capability Overview
Industry-leading SA Capability

RAN

Internet
PS

UGW9811

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Supported protocols/apps :

1300+

Cover all mainstream protocols/apps

> 95%
Regularly release new signature DB : 2 months
Quick response to customized requirements : 2 weeks/per protocol
Auto-Online Hitless upgrade + Professional SA upgrade service

Professional SA R&D team + service team covering the globe

Protocol identification rate (overall) :

Page 16

Huawei PCEF Upgrade Capability


Trigger Sampling

Analysis

Test & Publish

Upgrade
Cloud
Upgrade Center

Shen Zhen

Europe

Weekly Refresh
TOP N regional apps all
over the world

Global Collection
Collect new apps info by
co-operated global carriers

Carriers Requirement
Customized requirements
from carriers

Japan
Europe
USA China

Test & Verify


USA

Hang Zhou

4 SA Capability Center
300+ professional R&D
engineers

2012 Lab
With a lot of senior experts
in industry

Feature database
performance and
identification rate

Quick Publish
2 weeks for customized
signatures
1 month for official regular
published signatures

Core Patents in SA

Upgrade centers all over


the world, auto-selecting
nearest one

Hitless Upgrade

With a lot of innovation

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Global Coverage

Zero operation
Zero interruption

Page 17

SA Capability Baseline - 2013Q2


All Protocols

P2P

VoIP

Others

Mainstream Protocols

(Visibility)

(Blocking & limiting)

(Blocking & limiting)

(Blocking & limiting)

(Charging Service Packages)

Categories (16)
Protocols/Apps(1300+)

Apps (21)

Apps (16)

Apps (9)

Apps (33)

uTorrent

StrongDC++

Skype

facebook

Facebook

P2P

Bitcomet

KaZaA

MSN

twitter

Twitter

Viber

VoIP

Bittorrent

FlashGet

YahooMessage

Whatsapp

AIM/ICQ App

IM

eMule-VeryCD

BearShare

GoogleTalk

GoogleEarth

ICQ App

Web_Browsing

Thunder

Maze

ICQ

Google+

QQ2013

File_Access

QQDownload

Fengxing

Viber

youtube

Youtube

Streaming

KuGoo

PPStream

Fring

Appledaily

Operamini

Stock

Vagaa

PPTV

QQ

MyTV

HTTP

RTSP

Game

SoulSeek

QQLIVE

Vbuzzer

BBC_iPlayer

Linkedin

Apple Store

Email

Gnutella

KooWo

Facetime

GoogleEarth

QQLIVE

Tunnel

Ares

Nimbuzz

Google+

PPLIVE

Network_Administration

MGCP

MySpace

Gmail

Remote_Connectivity

Whatsapp

Hotmail

Database

Tango

Google Talk

yahoo Mail

Network_Storage

Facebook Messenger

Yahoo messenger

Appledaily

Mobile

line

MSN

MyTV

Other

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Skype

Page 18

Contents

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Problems & Challenges

SA Capability

Hitless Upgrade

Page 19

Hitless Upgrade of SA Signature DB


Signature DB & SA Engine Decoupled
Packet
Signature
1000101
0000111

Signature DB File
O&M

UGW
Protocol1
Protocol2

New Protocols

Type
Prot xx
Worm yy

Signature
DB Upgrade

Seamless switching
Signature DB
(New)

Signature DB
(Old)

Protocol1
Protocol2

Old Flow

New Flow

SA Engine
Incoming packets

Classified packets

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

No need to update SA Engine *


No need to reboot GGSN/UGW
No influence to online services
* Signature DB publish & upgrade is independent
with GGSN/UGW software version.

Page 20

Most Flexible PCC Control


1.User Category
VIP

1. QoS Control( e.g.: for valuable services)

Normal

Huawei PCC Solution

BW
2 Mbps

2.Service Type

5 Mbps

BoD

2 Mbps
time

PCRF

3.Time

2.Rating Change

Morning :09:00-12:00
Evening::20:00-23:00
WeekendHoliday

Rating A Rating B
Gx

HotSpot, CBDOffice

5. Quota
25%
used

Action

Policy

4.Location

3. Service redirection
Your left traffic quota is
***, After quota
exhaust, the service will
be restricted.

80%
used
RAN

GGSN/P-GW
embedded PCEF)

4. Dedicated bearer Creation

6. RAT/Terminal Type

6-demension to 4-action Full PCC Control with PCRF (dynamic policy) or Local Policy Configuration (static policy)
**Since without subscriber database, user granularity policy can not be supported by PCEF local policy
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 21

Wireless Optimization Based on FPI


OTT
Queue 1

Bearer

OTT+

(*)PCRF
FPI(high)
FPI(normal)

Queue 2
Queue 3

FPI

Queue 4
Queue 5

RAN

PCEF
FPI = Service Flow Priority Indication

Solution

E2E Resource optimization: PCRF/PCEF rule preparation; PCEF service identification & FPI delivery; RAN schedule by FPI
For GPRS/UMTS network, FPI is mapped as DSCP (differentiated services code point) in IP packet and delivered to SGSN or
RAN.
For LTE network, FPI is mapped into GTP-U extension header and delivered to eNodeB.
Private protocol for transferring data flows on the RAN and CN, but Huawei already presented it to 3GPP specifications.

Innovative bandwidth optimization solutions save radio resource & improve service quality
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 22

Wireless Optimization Based on Cell Load


Heavy user control
P2P service control

(*)PCRF

Cell Load Report


Install Policy Control
Cell Load Report By GTP-U
RAN

Cell Load Monitor

COA message
GGSN/PGW

Radius accounting

PCEF

Policy Generation

Solution
E2E Resource optimization (UL): RNC/eNodeB monitor & report cell status; PCEF/PCRF policy control based on cell load
When the cell status changes, the RAN side reports the congestion level to the GGSN/P-GW using GTP-U extension headers.
The GGSN/P-GW reports the congestion level to the policy center (PCRF or PCEF). (Huawei private protocol)

Prevent congestion and optimize the RAN resource usage efficiency


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 23

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

IPv6
WiFi
eMBMS

SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 24

IPv6 EPC Transition Strategy


V4 connection

OCS

GERAN

PCRF

Gy

IPv4 only

Phase I
Step 1

Transition
Assumption

PS IPv6 transition
strategy

Dual mode

Dual stack Bearer &

terminal emerging

Gx

IPv6 service
Dual Stack

USN
IPv6
DPI

V4
IPv6 only

UGW

EUTRAN

IPv4/IPv6 over V4 Tunnel


in Gb,Iu,Gn/Gp,S1,S11

IPv4 network

NAT44 +NAT64

emerging
Charging and

Phase I

IPv6 network
USN

IPv6 only
EUTRAN

IPv4/IPv6 over V6 Tunnel


in Gb,Iu,Gn/Gp,S1,S11

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

UGW

on Gi/SGi
Enable IPv6 DPI
Gx/Gy IPv6 support
External NAT64 for

PCC control for

V6 terminal access

IPv6 service

to V4 service.

Gx

UTRAN
IPv6
DPI

IPv4 & IPv6 support

2/3/4G interworking
Phase II

V6

IPv6 only terminal

PCRF

Gy

IPv4 only

V4

Phase I
Step 2

V6 connection

OCS

GERAN

Dual Stack

island emerging

IPv6 network

UTRAN

PDP context support

V4

IPv4 network

NAT44 +NAT64

PS IP backbone

IPv6 networking

and backhaul

capability for IP

need be rebuild to

backbone or

pure IPv6 network

backhaul
IPv6 networking for

Phase II

Gx&Gy interface

Page 25

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

IPv6
WiFi
eMBMS

SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 26

Wi-Fi offload

WiFi Data Traffic Forecast 2012-2017

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 27

WiFi Standard is Continuously Evolving


Evolving path

IEEE 802.11
standards

802.11a
5 GHz
54 Mbit/s
Incompatible with
802.11b/g

1999.09

802.11b
2.4 GHz
11 Mbit/s
Compatible
with 802.11g

1999.09

802.11g
2.4 GHz
54 Mbit/s
Compatible with
802.11b

2003.06

802.11n
2.4&5 GHz
450 Mbit/s
Compatible with
802.11b/a/g

2009.09

802.11ac
2.4&5 GHz
1.73Gbit/s
Compatible
with
802.11b/a/g

2012.12

WiFi has been improving itself via standardization:


Mobility
Interference
Usability (authentication, AP discovery, roaming)
Bandwidth
3GPP inter-working
Spectrum efficiency
New spectrum in 5GHz range
Security
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 28

WiFi offloading architecture


OCS
HLR/HSS

AAA

PCRF

Diameter

CG

MAP
Radius

CDR

Gx

3GPP Mobile terminals

2G, 3G RAN
4G eRAN

USN
(SGSN/MME)

Gy

UGW
(GGSN/SGW/PGW)

Gx

Internet
DPI

TGW
Wi-Fi-capable UE

AP

Fiber, xDSL
Network

Wi-Fi Home Wireless Router

Wi-Fi-capable UE

AP

AC

Easy deployment: no additional terminal


hardware required, compliance with 3GPP
Easy operation: PS core network sharing,
uniform authentication/billing policy

Carrier Class WiFi Access Point


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 29

Products

Huawei Carrier WiFi Portfolio


Most Compact
Unified Router platform

11ac

4096AP/96K User/240G
Indoor series AP: Standalone & DAS

AP Controller

Light & Small & Thin


Industrys First

eCoordinator

GSM/UMTS/LTE TDD/LTE
FDD/WiFi Coordinator
15,000 GU Cells &
5,000 LTE Cells&
50 AC

Scalable: x8/x16
Versatile Routing Platform
12M activated bearer
contexts & 200 Gbit/s in
load-sharing mode

Outdoor series AP

One site & One box & One cable


Internal lighting protection> 8KA

TGW

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 30

AAA/Portal

Scalable: max12 blade servers


AC management: 30,000
Register subscriber: 20M
Concurrent session: 2M

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

IPv6
Smartphone Abnormal Signaling Control
eMBMS

SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 31

Smartphones: Global Mobile Device Growth

Smartphones Forecast 2012-2017

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 32

Smartphones Traffic Growth

Smartphones Traffic Forecast 2012-2017


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 33

Smartphones cause signaling flood


Signaling Flood

Powered-on Connection
Application Server

Fast Dormancy (cell_ DCH


to cell_PCH status change)

GGSN/EPC-GW

Service Request
PDP Context Activation
PDP Modification

Always-online Heartbeat

PDP Context Deactivation

SGSN/MME

Push Service
Virus-initiated Port Scanning

Iu Release
Paging

RAN

Service Request

Reconnection after Deactivation

Source: Huawei SmartLab

Special behaviors of smart phone & service application lead to huge signaling load
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 34

Panorama of solutions for Smartphones signaling control

Precise
Paging
Paging higherpriority service
first, then lower
Paging latest cell
first, then whole
Routing Area

Tethering
Detection
Distinguish WiFi
sharing use from
normal use
Apply specific
tariff to the
tethering usage

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Abnormal
Signaling Control
Reduce repeated
signaling of PDP
activation
Reduce repeated
signaling of
service request

Smart
Direct Tunnel
Turn off DT for
smart phone
based on service
request
Turn off DT
based on IMEI

Page 35

Smart phone
Visibility
See smartphones
IMEI distribution
See signaling
parameters
See statistics of
traffic model

Abnormal Signaling Control Solution


Challenges

Solutions and Value


Activate PDP

RAN

Activation Failure
Retry to Activate PDP

USN

RAN

USN

UGW

1. SELECTED REJECT CODE


Reject activation with code #33
* #33: Service not subscribed

2. Parking APN
Overwrite APN to park the terminal in activated status

Origin:
Smart phone keeps retrying when it fails to activate PDP

3. Detach User
Detach the terminal if abnormal signaling is detected

Scenarios:
Wrong APN, insufficient Quota, failure of AAA or
application server

One Extreme Live Network Case:

4. PS 10.0 enhancement
Improve Accuracy to control APN-based rather than
users-based

6 Times of Signaling Load Increase due to Continuous


Activate PDP Attempts

Average 40%: Abnormal Signaling in Total


Before
60%:

Source: Operator B

After

Abnormal Signaling
0%

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Normal Signaling

40%

50%

Page 36

100%

150%

Source: Huawei Lab

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

PRS
eMBMS

SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 37

PRS Solution Solution Overview


Real-time KPI
Monitoring

RF Capacity / RF Coverage

VoIP User Behavior


Analysis

2G, 3G, 4G camping time


analysis

Smartphone
Visibility

Commecial Service
Plan Visibility

Data Services
Visibility

Services Distribution
per RAT

MBB user experience

Performance Visibility

OTT Visibility

Resource Visibility

Service Plan Visibility

Experience Visibility
Counter

Control Plane Data

SingleRAN
GSM

UMTS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

LTE

User Plane Data

User Subscription

SingleEPC
NMS/M2000

SGSN

MME

GGSN

Page 38

SAE-GW

PCRF

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

G/U/L Convergence
E2E solution
PRS
eMBMS

SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 39

Mobile video traffic 2012-2017

Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast 2012-2017

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 40

Huawei eMBMS Solution Overview


Scenarios

Home
STB

Streaming
Server

CPE
M2

MME

MCE

eNB

OSS/BSS

M3

Push
Server

M1
Sm

M2

Hotspot
STB

SGmb

M1

CPE

TS/RTP/UDP

SGi-mb

eNB

M2

MBMS GW

BM-SC

M1

Advertisement
Server

New-added LTE network elements:

Mobile

MBMS : evolved Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service GW


eNB

MCE : Multi-cell/multicast Coordination Entity


MBMS GW: MBMS Gateway (shares hardware with UGW)
BM-SC : Broadcast-Multicast Service Centre

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

IPTV
Server

Page 41

Other
Server

Solution Highlight Good User Experience


Multicast Signal

Unicast Signal

Cell edge overlap in


MBSFN area

Moving to cell edge


C1
P
C2

C1

Neighboring cell
Signal
strength

Cell 1

Gain

Cell 2

increase at
cell edge

C1 C2 C3

Bad boundary Signal

Multicast Broadcast Single Frequency Network

Serious Neighboring Interference

Synchronous Transmission, Combined Signal

Descending Unicast QoE

Reduced interference, High SINR

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 42

eMBMS ecosystem & application scenarios


eMBMS Ecosystem:

LTE Broadcast vs. Unicast:

Hisilicon, Qualcomm, Sequans and


GCT already released eMBMS-capable
LTE chipsets in 2013.

Balong 710

More chipsets will available by 2014Q2.

Commercial terminals are expected to


launch in Q2 2014.
SQN 3110

MSM 8974

GDM 7243

Broadcast

One
channel per
content

Limited channels;
Unlimited number
of users.

Unicast

One
channel per
user

Unlimited
channels;
Limited number of
users.

eMBMS Application Scenarios:

Live video: Sports games, Breaking news, National ceremony and other big events.

Push service: Advertisement, Weather forecast, Stock, Music, Movie, App download
etc.

Unicast
Sports, National ceremony, Breaking news and

Advertisement, weather, stock, music, movie, app download etc.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 43

Broadcast

Huawei eMBMS references


Driver Delivery of the live video and multimedia advertising push service based on LTE broadcast
technology in Philippines
TerminalCPE and smart phones(Huawei Ascend P2)
Demolive IPTV based on CPE and mobile video based on smartphone.
Update: Completed the eMBMS demo based on LTE FDD&TDD in early November, Smart became the
world's first FDD&TDD eMBMS trial.

Driver Live sportslive streaming. TI has got the mobile broadcast license of Serie A and
hope to operate the business in 14/15 season.
Terminal PADs from 3rd party
Demo live sports games and the games playback
UpdatePlan to start the field test and FUT(Friendly User Test) of LTE FDD eMBMS in March
2014.

Portugal PT, Kuwait VIVA, started trials in 2014


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 44

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

G/U/L Convergence
E2E solution
PRS
LTE Voice Solutions

SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 45

Only Data CSFB VoIMS+SRVCC: LTE evolution


Initiate:
LTE for Data Only (Dongles)

Intermediate Solution:
CSFB for Voice

Target Solution
VoIMS + SRVCC for Voice

EPC Core
CS Core

CS Core

SGs

EPC Core

CS Core

E-UTRAN

E-UTRAN
GERAN When Voice initiate
/UTRAN

GERAN Out of LTE


/UTRAN

CS signaling

IMS signaling

CS Voice
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

EPC Core

SRVCC

CS Fall Back

GERAN
/UTRAN

Sv

IMS Voice
Page 46

E-UTRAN

Data

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

G/U/L Convergence
E2E solution
PRS
MSE (Video+TCP optimization)

SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 47

More Fluent Video Experience


Rate & Format Adapter

Multi-Copy Cache

Smart Pacing

30 frames/second
Current
H.264 720P
1000kbps

H.264 480P
600kbps

20 frames/second

play point

UGW9811
VP6 720P
1200kbps

H.264 320P
400kbps

Dynamic rate adaption

Network status (congestion)


UE capability
VIP

- 30%

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

- 60%

By video rate
By buffer length

Multi-level management

By selecting the minimal copy

Average initial
waiting time

With smart pacing

Just-in-time-delivery

By screen resolution
By frame rate

Startup acceleration

Average video
bandwidth

Without smart pacing

Multi-copy cache

Data
buffer

Flow-level

User-level

Average useless
downloading traffic

Page 48

- 30%

TCP Optimization
User

Service

PS10.0 13Q4

Network

RAT

Gold vs. Bronze

HTTP vs. P2P

Congestion

GPRS

VIP vs. Normal

Email vs. FTP

Heavy Load

UMTS

Light load

LTE

Multiple Factors
TCP Link

Application

GGSN/EPC-GW

Solution
By monitoring the TCP window size and RTT between the UE and
SP Application server, UGW can adjust the TCP window size
(using TCP proxy mechanism) to optimize the overall E2E
transmission rate.
TCP Optimization can be flexible enabled for different scenarios: user
priority, service type, network status, RAT type

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Benefits
Improve user experience with higher TCP throughputs
Flexible policy may be defined for valuable user and service, not whole
traffic.

Page 49

Page 49

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

G/U/L Convergence
E2E solution
PRS
MSE (Video+TCP optimization)
VoWiFi

SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 50

Page 50

Huawei VoWiFi Solution Architecture


IPsec Tunnel
Home

Terminal

Public Enterprise

Access Point

ePDG
S6b

S2b

WiFi Domain

3GPP AAA

MMTel AS

IMS Network

LTE Domain
(P-GW)

eNodeB

I-CSCF/S-CSCF

S6a

S-GW

Terminal

SBC/P-CSCF

MME

SAE-HSS/IMS-HSS

ePDG: Huawei Untrusted WiFi Access Gateway


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 51

Page 51

Un-trusted WiFi Access Procedure


EAP-AKA
3GPP AAA Server

IKEv2

SWx(Diameter)

SWm(Diameter)

HLR/HSS
Swu

Step 0

3GPP IP
Service

Step 2
S2b(GTPv2)

WLAN AN

WLAN UE

IP traffic

Src: remote IP
Des: PDN IP

IPsec

IP layer

Src: local IP
Des: ePDG IP

L1/L2
UL Traffic

Step 1

ePDG

IP traffic

IP traffic

IP traffic

IPsec

GTP

GTP

IP layer

IP layer

IP layer

L1/L2

L1/L2

L1/L2

Step 0: UE performs WLAN network association and gets local IP from it

Step 1: UE selects ePDG and triggers IKEv2/EAP-AKA towards ePDG

Internet

PGW

IP traffic

EAP-AKA authentication during IKEv2 procedure is used to authenticate UE and negotiate ciphering key
UE IMSI and APN are sent to ePDG during IKEv2 procedure
TTG/eDPG obtains UE IMSI/MSISDN from AAA after successful auth

Step 2: ePDG setup GTP tunnel with PGW, during which PGW allocates remote IP to UE

Step 3: IKEv2 procedure is finished while UE obtains remote IP

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 52

Page 52

VoWiFi-capable UEs is becoming popular


iPhone

iPhone 5c

iPhone 5s

HTC One M8

Samsung Galaxy

Samsung Galaxy S 5 ONETOUCH Evolve 2

Note 3

iPhone 6

iPhone 6 Plus

LG G3

LG Optimus F3

ALCATEL

LG Optimus F3Q

ONETOUCH Fierce 2

ALCATEL

LG Optimus L90

Android phone

Nokia Lumia 635

Wi-Fi preferred (default)


Cellular preferred
Samsung Galaxy

Avant

Samsung Galaxy

Light

Samsung Galaxy

Note 4

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Samsung Galaxy S 4

Nokia Lumia 521

Windows phone

Wi-Fi only (international


roaming)

Page 53

Page 53

Sweden 3 Choose HUAWEI to Deploy VoWiFi Solution


Background
Background

Tier 4

Competition with Telenor


TeliaSoneraTele2
Urgency Improve ARPU

SingleEPC & IMS

Tier 1

Is the Tier 1 Solution vendor.

Sweden
Challenge
Coverage

Requirement

Voice Experience

Fastest
Deployment

Obtain VIP

HUAWEI
VoWiFi
Solution

SingleEPC
UGW9811

Reliable
Maintenance
Team

EPC Domain

IMS Domain

60+

7*24

VoWiFi
experts

Global
Response

Research
Center

HUAWEI Keep in Deep Touch With Apple

Thinking

Apple Mentions
WiFi calling
thinking

Regular
Meeting 2014.3.24

Discussion about

Discussion details of Solution

2014.5.8

Clarification more

Clarification details of VoWiFi

Released

2014.8.7

iPhone6 and IOS8


released

2014.9.9

HUAWEI is the Best Partner for VoWiFi Solution


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 54

Page 54

Evolution

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

G/U/L Convergence
E2E solution
PRS
MSE (Video+TCP optimization)
VoWiFi

vEPC, NFV
SingleEPC Market Update
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 55

Page 55

Driving Force: not Cost Saving but Service Enabling

Opportunities and Challenges for NFV

Key Driven of NFV Deployment

71%

86%

Service Agility

69%

Fast Promotion of New Service

62%

Using COTS

59%

Enhance O&M Efficency

45%

Multi-tenant

34%

Real-time Network Opt

28%

Power Saving
Involve More Vendor

80%
60%
40%
20%
0%

20%

25%

40%

60%

SourceInfonetics 2014/11

Top 2 Concern:
Service Agility & Fast Roll-out

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

80%

31%

20%
4%

OpEx Saving

14%

0%

49%

CapEx Saving

100%

2013

Enable New
Service

2014

SourceCurrent Analysis/2014 Dec

Lower expectation on CapEx & OpEx Saving


More focus on Service Enabling

Page 56

Page 56

NFV solution benefits

NFV solution

Separate DB, service logic and load balancer Flexible Scalability Capability
CSDB
CSLB MME
vS/P-GW
Graceful Scale In/Out : 20% resource efficiency
No VM number limitation: ensure the maximum performance
SOA Framework

Multi-Point fault tolerance (5 9s availability with 3 9s hardware)


CloudOS

Reduced time to market


Easy to test new applications

CSDB: Cloud Session DB

CSLB: Cloud Session Load Balancer

Software is not coupled to specific hardwrare


Open market to software suppliers

Graceful Scaling
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

High Reliability

High Performance
Page 57

Page 57

CloudEdge: NFV with Edge through Cloud Aware Architecture


NFV Reference Architecture of ETSI
M2M
MVNO
Enterprise

4
MANO

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

3Open Mobile Foundry (vUIC)


NFVO

1 vEPC

MME/SGSN
GGSN, S/PGW
PCRF
DNS/CG

2 vMSE

PCEF

TCP Opt
3rd Party In-line
Service

VNFM

Service Fabric
Cloud Aware
Architecture

TCP/IP

FusionSphere
(OpenStack+KVM)

6 Huawei FusionEngine

3rd

VMware/
Party Cloud OS

VIM

MANO: Management and Orchestration


vMSE: virtual Multi-Service Engine
COTS: Commercial-off-the-shelf
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Cloud Aware Architecture

Independencies

3rd Party Platforms

vEPC
vMSE
vUIC
MANO
FusionSphere
Huawei COTS

Leading Architecture

CSDB

CSLB

One-stop shop NFV Solution

Cloud OS / Hypervisor
independent
Hardware independent

NAE: NFV Automation Expert


vUIC: virtual Unified Intelligence Controller

Page 58

Page 58

Huawei NFV Global Footprint


Projects

Standards

Award

Fast failover

Total Telecom

\Fast failover between


Croatian DC and Germany
DC in just a few seconds
in MWC2015.

Huawei
17%

Other
Vendors
55%

Leading Market

3 Commercial contracts
30+ POC

Operators
28%

ETSI NFV ISG


236 Contribution
Co-Chair of Architecture

Best Infrastructure
Initiative
2014.12

We strive to be the business partner to support Millicom in becoming leading


mobile operator .
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 59

Page 59

User Case: Commercial contract of vEPC in Monaco Telecom

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 60

Page 60

NFV is Boosting, but Need Step by Step


Feasibility
Technology

2013
Scalability

Business

PoCs

Operation

Manual

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

2014
Resilience

Lab/Field Trials

Manual

2015

2016+

Maturity

Feature Parity

Performance

Vertical Market

Mass Market

System Integration

Orchestration

Page 61

Page 61

Contents
MBB Trend and Challenge
SingleEPC Value Propositions
Platform

G/U/L Convergence
E2E solution
PRS
MSE (Video+TCP optimization)
VoWiFi
vEPC, NFV

SingleEPC Market Update

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 62

Page 62

No.1 References of Huawei SingleEPC Solution


Serving over 1 Billion subscribers in the world

Rank 1st in PS&EPC market share in 2012 Q1


Wireless Packet Core Market 2012 Q1

Accumulative global Huawei


PS shipment (M SAU)

1010
960

1125

NO.1

Huawei ranks
both in PS & EPC in
wireless packet core total
global shipment

960
625
625
115
2007

215
2008

370
2009

2010

2011

2012

Serving 240 Networks, 128 countries (till 2012Q2)

Others

Serving 26 of global top 30 operators

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 63

Data source: Dell'Oro May, 2012

Thank You
www.huawei.com
Copyright2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
The information in this document may contain predictive statements including, without limitation, statements regarding the future financial
and operating results, future product portfolio, new technology, etc. There are a number of factors that could cause actual results and
developments to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the predictive statements. Therefore, such information is provided for
reference purpose only and constitutes neither an offer nor an acceptance. Huawei may change the information at any time without notice.