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The Long-term and Immediate Causes of the Boxer Rebellion

Reading Questions from the Oxford History of China 1800s 2000


Chapter 6
Longish-term Causes The Failure of the Hundred Days Reform
1. What shocking event is the chapter opened in description of and why was the event
shocking?
2. Which two groups mentioned on the first page who expounded Western ideas?
3. Top 126 What did Western ideas glorify & in contrast, what did traditional Chinese
ideas cite as the criterion of success?
4. Note the three possible attitudes to traditional Chinese culture evident at the turn of the
century.
5. Page 128. An increase in ideas which advocated practical action in society and politics
Note Wangs full name and philosophy.
6. Who was Kang Youwei and what was the second of his resolutions upon returning south
p128?
7. Bottom p129. What can the failure of the 1898 reforms be more readily explained by
than social forces?
8. Top p130 list ways in which the Empress exerted and maintained her power.
9. Middle 130. What demand did the Emperor make of the Empress?
10.
Top 131. What were the three essential preconditions for reform which an advisor
proposed and the Emperor accepted?
11.
Second para p131. Why does the author claim historians judgement that attempts
to push reforms were made too quickly is too simple?
12.
Middle p132. The reforms may have failed because many in Civil Service posts
were made redundant and protested what evidence is there that this is an unlikely
claim?
13.
Middle .132. What two issues dominated the Reform Movement?
14.
Bottom p132 What obstacle stood in the way of Kang Youweis reformist aim of
establishing good communications between the Emperor and the people?
15.
Mid p133. Why could the Emperor not purge, exile and execute as he wished?
16.
Bottom 133. What was the real crisis of the Hundred Days Reform?
17.
What actions did the Emperor take when, after his reforms received insubstantial
public support, he wished to maintain his power? Mention Yuan Shikai in your answer.