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The Virtue of Liberality and the Vices of Prodigality and Meanness

Excess: Prodigality

Mean: Liberality

Deficiency: Meanness

Gives wealth to others through spending and

Gives wealth to others through spending and giving

Gives wealth to others less than one should, or

wrong people, at the wrong times, for the wrong

right times, for the right things, in the right ways, for

giving away more than one should, to the


things, in wrong ways, for wrong reasons

away -- to the right amount, to the right people at the

not at all

the right reasons

The Miserly or Stingy

Because ends up in need (so for the wrong

Takes wealth through acquisition-- at the right times,

Takes wealth more than one should, or for the

the wrong ways, etc.

reasons

reason), takes wealth from the wrong sources, in

Desires giving and spending wealth too much

for the right things, in the right ways, for the right

Desires giving and taking wealth to the right amount

wrong reasons, in the wrong ways, etc.

The Greedy and those who ply sordid trades


Desires keeping and gaining wealth too much
Uses wealth for the sake of non-noble ends

Uses wealth for the sake of non-noble ends

Uses wealth for the sake of noble ends

Does neglect his own property and wealth,

Does not neglect his own property and wealth,

manages wealth but in order to have wealth

Desires spending or giving away wealth too

Feels pleasure or at least no pain in giving to others for

Feels pain in giving to others

manages wealth imprudently (or not at all!)


much

Feels pleasure in giving

Does not neglect his own property and wealth,

manages wealth prudently so he has something to give


right reasons

More annoyed if he has not spent something that he

Feels more pleasure in taking than ought to

ought than pained if he has spent something that he


ought not

Deals with wealth on a small scale , giving and taking (using) of wealth so both money and property things necessary for living
Copyright: Dr. Gregory B. Sadler 2012