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STAAR REVIEW BOUND

BOOK
Please make sure you fill in all
the things you had to fill in.

PAGE 1

PAGE 2

PAGE 3

PAGE 4

Biomolecules (PAGE 5)

Biomolecules
Inside the foldable you were supposed to add the function and an
example
Carbohydrates Lipids
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Energy

Energy Storage
Cell membrane

Enzymes

Ex. Glucose

Ex. Oil

Ex. Muscles

Genetic
Information
Ex. DNA /RNA

Denature: shape of protein is altered and can no


longer perform its function

The multiple choice question answer


is C
The two biomolecules being compared are RNA and DNA. The key
words are sugar and nitrogenous bases

CELLS (PAGE 6)

Cells
Characteristics of Eukaryotes: Have a membrane bound
nucleus and organelles
Characteristics of Prokaryotes: Lack a membrane
bound nucleus and organelles. DNA is in the nucleoid. Has
Cell wall for protection and shape
No nucleus
No organelles
DNA in Nucleoid
Divide by binary
fission
Smaller in size

PROKARYOTE

*Cells
*DNA

*Ribosomes
*Plasma
Membrane
*Cytoplasm

Nucleus
Membrane bound organelles
DNA in nucleus
Divide by mitosis and meiosis
Larger in size

EUKARYOTE

VIRUSES PAGE 7
Make sure you write
a summary on cells

VIRUS

VIRUS

Virus

CELL TRANSPORT (PAGE 8)

Cellular Transport
Draw chloroplast and mitochondria under
Where

Under Formula
H2O: Water
C6H12O6: Glucose
ATP: Energy
CO2: Carbon Dioxide
O2: Oxygen

CELL DIVISION (PAGE 9)


Draw
chromosomes
inside flower

PROTEIN SYNTHESIS (PAGE


10)

Protein Synthesis
1. ATGCGCTTA

1. AUGCGCUUA

1. Met Arg Leu

2. CCGAATCGT

2. CCGAAUCGU

2. Met Phen Ala

3. ACGTAACGA

3. ACGUAACGA

3. Met Lys Ala

GENETICS (PAGE 11-12)

2. In cocker spaniels the allele


for a black coat color (B) is
dominant over the allele for a
brown coat color (b). If a brown
cocker spaniel is crossed with a
heterozygous black cocker
spaniel, what is thebgenotype
ratio and percent?

b
Bb
B

Bb

bb

bb

0BB:2Bb:2bb
50% Brown b
50% Black

Monohybrid crosses look


at ONE trait.
T-tall
t-short

genotype TTYy are crossed with


pea plants with the genotype
Ttyy, what percentage of the
offspring will be expected to have
the TTYy allele combination?

Dihybrid crosses look at


TWO traits
D- dimples, d- no dimples, F- Free
earlobes f- attached earlobes

T
t

2. If several pea plants with the

tTt

Tt

Tt

tt

DDFf x ddf

DF
Df
DF
Df Ddff DdF Dd
df DdF
f
f
ff
df

df DdF Ddff DdF


Dd
df
f
f
ff
DdF Ddff DdF
f
f

Dd
ff

EVOLUTION (PAGE 13)

DEFINE WORDS INSIDE


FOLDABLE

Evolution
Fill in Mechanisms of Evolution foldable
Variation- genetic differences
Natural Selection- organisms better adapted to
their environment will survive and reproduce
Mutation- Change in DNA
Genetic Drift- random sample of individuals gets
isolated from population
Gene flow/ gene pool- transfer of genes from one
population to another
Speciation- new species evolves from prior
species

TAXONOMY (PAGE 14)

ECOLOGY (PAGE 15-16)

Ecology (PAGE 15)


Nitrogen Cycle
Answers
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

78%
Atmosphere
Nitrogen fixing
Proteins
Ammonia, nitrates
Denitrification
Plants, waste, plants,
animals

Carbon Cycle Answers


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Photosynthesis , sugar
Respiration
Ocean
Decayed
Coal, oil, natural gas
Burning of fossil fuels
Methane
Green house
CO2+H2O C6H12O6
+ O2

Carbon cycle diagram

SUCCESSION
Steps for PRIMARY

In succession foldable add


the steps for each
Steps for SECONDARY

ECOLOGY (page 16)


Answer the questions in the Food webs, chains and
pyramids foldable
2. Insect, mushroom, bird, squirrel
3.Frog snake
4.Fox
5.Mushroom, bird, insect
6.Fox, snake, frog
7.Squirrel
8. The squirrel and everyone above it
9. Energy flow
10. producers

ECOLOGY
Add an example for each symbiotic
relationship
mutualism commensa parasitism
lism
Bird cleans cow
from ticks

Insect gets a ride


to a place from
another animal

Dogs and ticks