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Slaverywasabolished150yearsago,andyettherearemorepeopleinslaverytoday,thanany

othertimeinourhistoryUnknown

HumanTraffickingofalltypesisanissuethataffectstheworld.ForourAlgebra2
socialjusticeprojectwefocusedononeofthebiggestsocialissuessocietyfacestoday.This
reportisdesignedtoexposetheharshtruthsofhumantraffickingandoverall,andtoraisemore
awarenesssothatwecanpreventandhelpthosewhohavebecomeapartofthisindustry.
HumanTraffickingistherecruitment,transportation,transfer,harboring,orreceiptofpersons
byimpropermeans(suchasforce,abduction,fraud,orcoercion)foranimproperpurpose
includingforcedlabororsexualexploitation.AsdefinedbytheUnitedNations.Thereare
approximately20to30millionpeopleinvolvedinthismoderndayslavery.Humantrafficking
isthethirdlargestinternationalcrimeindustry(behinddrugtraffickingandillegalarms
trafficking).Weneedtolookattheproblemdeeperinordertoaddressitandhelpbreakdown
thisindustry.Wewilltalkaboutthenumberofcasesthathavebeenreported,andhowmanyof
thosecasesareopenforinvestigation.Wellalsotalkaboutpopularregionsforhuman
trafficking,andthetwomaingroupsofpeopleinthisindustry,womenandchildren.Finally

welltalkaboutsextraffickingvs.labortraffickingandifthereisadifferencebetweenthe
moneygeneratedfromtheseillegalindustries.

IndividualWork:
YasmeenCollins
(CasesofHumanTraffickingReported):
Humantraffickingisaworldwideissuethathasbeenoccurringformanyyears.BelowI
willdisplayindepththedifferentcountrieswhohavereportedhumantraffickingbetweenthe
years20072010.Also,Iwillincludestatisticsandvisualrepresentationsthatwillshowthe
numberofhumantraffickingcasesreportedperyearandthedatabelow.
Information:
Atotalof2,782casesofhumantraffickinghavebeenreportedinCanada
19,724casesofhumantraffickinghavebeenreportedtotheNHTRCsincetheyear2007
intheU.S.
In2010,18traffickingcaseswerereportedinThai
InChinatherewere800casesofhumantraffickingreported
InCambodia,2,000casesofhumantraffickingwerereported
InElSalvadortherewere51victimsofhumantraffickingreportedintheyear2009
CentralTendency:

Listofnumbers Mean

Median Mod
e

Range

Q1

Q2

Q3

IQR

Min Max

18,51,800,2000, 4229.16

1400

none

19706

425.5 1400

2391 1965.5 18

2782,19724

Statistics:
Chinahas3%ofthetotalcasesreported.
ElSalvadorhas2%ofthetotalcasesreported.
VisualRepresentation:

19724

ProbabilityandOdds:
Probability:
800peoplereportedtraffickinginChinaoutofthewholepopulationofpeople
whichis1.357billion

800/1.357=0.0005%

0.000005%ofthepeopleinChinareportedhumantraffickingoutoftheentire
population.

Odds:
NumberofpeopleinElSalvador=634000000

NumberofpeoplewhoreportedhumantraffickinginElSalvador=51

NumberofpeoplewhodidntreporthumantraffickinginElSalvador=633999949

63400000051=633999949

ChelseaMiddlebrooks:(
PopularregionsforHumanTrafficking):
HumanTraffickingishappeningallaroundtheworld,thepainthatthisindustryhas
causedpeopleisirreversible.OrganizationsliketheThePolarisProjecthavedonelotsofwork
tohelpputastoptohumantraffickingintheU.S.AlthoughthisissueisbiggerthantheU.S.,
becauseithappensglobally.ThePolarisProjectofferscounselingtovictimsofhuman
trafficking,andofwaystocountertraffickingsothatyouknowthesignsofsomeonethatmight
beinvolvedorbeavictim.NationalHumanTraffickingResourceCenterortheNHTRChasa
24hourhotline.TheNationalHumanTraffickingResourceCenterandthePolarisProjecthave
donetremendousworktohelpputastoptothisindustrybytrackingthenumberofpeoplethat
gettaken,butalsolookintopossiblecasesbeforeithappens.TheNationalHumanTrafficking
ResourceCenterandthePolarisProjecthopetostretchtheprograminternationallysothatthey
canhelpdecreasethenumberofvictimsofhumantraffickingglobally.
HumanTraffickingReportedbyState

Minnesota42

Kentucky46

Massachusetts53 Louisiana55

DistrictofColumbia50

SouthCarolina50 Tennessee53

Colorado62

NorthCarolina82 Pennsylvania

85
Washington85 Illinois90

Maryland90

Arizona96

Nevada108

Virginia112

Michigan114 NewJersey125

Georgia136

NewYork201

Ohio214

Florida310

California711

Texas330

42,46,50,50,53,
53,
55,62,82,85,85,
90,90,

96,108,112,114,125,
136,
201,214,310,330,
711
mean137.5
median90
mode50,53,85,90
range669

TopCallerTypesThatCalltheNationalHumanTraffickingResourceCenterHotline:
CommunityMember4.435
VictimofTrafficking2,578
NGORepresentative1,522
Other1,154
FamilyofTraffickingVictim1,071


1,071,1,154,1,522,2,578,4,435
Mean

Median

Mode

Range

IQR

Q1

Q3

2,152

1,522

none

3,364

2,394

1,112.5

3,506.5

Thereisonlya20%chanceofafamilyofTraffickingVictimorothercallingthehotline.Which
isconsiderablylowcomparedtotheprobabilityofaCommunitymemberoraVictimof
TraffickingCallingwithhasa64%chanceofcallingthehotline.

Probability
(Independent
)

#ofdesiredoutcomes
#oftotaloutcomes

4435
=.41241%
10760
Theprobabilityofacommunitymember
callingthehotlineis41%.

Odds

#ofdesiredoutcomes
#ofundesiredoutcomes

4435
=.70170%
6325
Theoddsofacommunitymembercallingthe
hotlineis70%

TopWaysCallersFoundHotline

InternetWebSearch746
Referral661
Unknown461
WordofMouth379
Television257

746,661,461,379,257
Mean

Median

Mode

Range

IQR

Q1

Q3

500.8

461

none

489

385.5

318

703.5

Peopleare56%percentmorelikelytofindthehotlinethroughawebsearchorareferralthan
anyothermethod.Comparedtothe25%chanceofpeoplefindingthehotlinethroughwordof
mouthortelevision.
Probability

#ofdesiredoutcomes
#oftotaloutcomes

461
=.18418%
2504
Theprobabilityofsomeonecallingthehotline
throughanunknownmethodis18%.

Odds

#ofdesiredoutcomes
#ofundesiredoutcomes

461
=.22526%
2043Theoddsofsomeonecallingthe
hotlinethroughanunknownmethodis
26%.

Dependent
Probability

#ofdesiredoutcomes
+
#ofdesiredoutcomes
#oftotaloutcomes#oftotaloutcomes

4435
*
746
=
3308510
=.122=12%
10760250426943040
Thereisa12%Chanceofacommunity
memberfindingthehotlinethroughan
internetsearch.

NylaMoore(WomenandChildrenintheU.S.):
HumanTraffickingisaverybigissuethathauntsnotjusttheU.S.buttheworld.Aspecificarea
ofHumanTraffickingthatholdlargenumbersofpeopleisprostitution.Thisissuenotonly
affectsmenandwomen,butsadlyalsochildren.Womenandchildrenarethebiggesttargetfor
prostitution.Myportionoftheworkfocusesonthenumbersofwomenandchildrenfrom
differentcountriesaroundtheworld.
Data

effectsbothboysandgirl

600,000to800,000childrenandmenbought

24millionpeopleinternationally

50%arechildren

2millionchildrensubjecttoprostitution

1.5milliondirectdeposit

NumberofChildrenindifferentcountries

40,000SriLanka(5,131,666)

500,000Brazil(60,228,000)

800,000Thailand(5,834,098)

16,000Canada(27,564,725)

ChildProstitutioninDifferentCounties
16,000,40,000,500,000,800,000,2,000,000
Mean:671,200
Median:500,000
Mode:none
Range:1,984,000
Q2:500,000
Q1:40,000
Q3:800,000
IQR:760,000
Max:2,000,000
Min:16,000
Statistics:
1.
9%ofallthecausesofdeathfromwomeninvolvedinprostitutionisfromalcohol

2.
50%ofpeopleinhumantraffickingaremadeupofchildren
WomenProstitutionDeathRates
8,9,12,18,19,34
Mean:16.6
Median:15
Mode:none
Range:26
IQR:

Q1:10.5
Q2:15
Q3:18.5
Max:34
Min:8
ProbabilityandOdds
Probability
:1in2childrenintheU.S.arevictimsofchildhoodexploitation
That50%ofallchildrenintheU.S.

9outof100womendiedfromalcoholinastudyaboutthecausesofdeathof
womeninprostitution

9%ofthedatapoolofhumantraffickingcausesofdeathinwomeniscausedby
alcohol.

Odds
:

800,000/5,043,098=15%800,000=numberofexploitedchildren

5,043,098=numberofchildreninThailandwhoarentexploited

15%=oddsofallchildreninThailandthathavebeenexploited

91=numberofwomeninprostitutionwhowontdiefromalcohol

12=numberofwomeninprostitutionwhodiefromaccidentsoutof100

88=numberofwomeninprostitutionwhodontdiefromaccidentsoutof100

12/88=13%=oddsofwomeninprostitutionthatdiefromaccidents

Visuals

LoganSmith(SexTraffickingvs.Labortrafficking):
SoformysectionoftheprojectIlookedoverthemoneygeneratedfromHuman
Trafficking.Humantraffickinggeneratesabout32billiondollarsintheUnitedstates.While
aroundtheglobeisestimatedtogenerateaprofitbetween9billiondollarsto31.6billiondollars.
ThesenumberareonlyestimatesforthefactthatHumanTraffickingishardtotrack.Itisalso
estimatedforeachslavetosellfrom$90upto$250,000iftheirspiritsisbrokenandtheirbeauty
ismaintained.Belowisagraphofthemoneygeneratedperregion.

AsianPacific~51,800,000,000,000
DevelopedEconomies&EU~46,900,000,000,000
Central&SouthEasternEurope~18,000,000,000,000
Africa~13,100,000,000,000
LatinAmerica&theCaribbean~12,000,000,000,000
MiddleEast~8,500,000,000,000

CentralTendencies:
8.5billion,12billion,13billion,18billion,46.9billion,51.8billion
Mean:25,050,000,000,000
Median:1.55e13
Mode:None
Range:43,300,000,000,000


VisualRepresentation:

Q112billion
Q21.55e+13
Q346.9billion
IQR34.9billion
Myinterquartilerangeis34.9billiondollars.Ifoundthisbyfirstfindingmymedian
whichis1.55etothepowerof13.WhenIsetthenumbersinordertherewasntaclearmedian.I
hadtonumbersinthemiddle,soIaddedthetwonumbersthatIhadupthendividedbytwo.
SincethereweretwonumbersinthemiddlewhenIwenttofindmyquantileregionsIincluded
thosetonumbers.Ifoundthatmyquartileregiononeis12billionandmythirdquartileregionis
46.9billion.FromthereIsubtractedbothnumberstogetmyIQRof34.9billion.


TheAsianPacificgeneratesabout34.5%ofthemoney.
WhereastheMiddleEastonlygeneratesabout8%ofthemoney.

Percentages
:
AsianPacific~34.5%
DevelopedEconomies&EU~31.2%
Central&SouthEasternEurope~12%
Africa~8.7%
LatinAmerica&theCaribbean~8%
MiddleEast~5.7%

ProbabilityandOdds:

Probability

~2outof6regionsmakemorethan32billion
dollars
~4outof6makemakelessthan32billion
dollars

Odds

~Theoddsoftheregionsbeingunder30
millionare4to2

DejahSmithHumanTraffickingRace
36MillionPeopleareSexslavesintheworld.Inthesextraffickingorganization,27.2%
ofthevictimsarewhite.25.6ofthemareusedforsexualactsandthefewotheraresoldinto
labortrafficking.TheHispanicraceismuchbigger,havingthelargestamountofvictims.
Havingatotalof79.6%ofpersons.55.7%ofthesepeopleareusedforlabortrafficking,while
23.9%areusedforsexualacts.AfricanAmericanshavethesecondhighestpercentofpeople
with50.2%.40.4%ofthesepeopleareusedforsexualacts,and9.8%aresoldintolabor.Asians

havethesmallestpercentage,with4.3%beingusedforsexualacts,and14.8%beingusedfor
labor.Atotalof19.1%.Victimsfromotherraceshaveapercentageof23.8.18%areusedfor
laborand5.8%areusedforsexualacts.
Visuals

SEXTRAFFICKINGCHART

LABORTRAFFICKINGCHART
Central
28,656,00018,072,0009,792,0008,568,0006,876,000

Mean:14,392,800
Median:9,792,000
Mode:N/A
Range:21,780,000
Q1:23,364,000
Q3:7,722,000

ProbabilityandOdds
Probability
Hispanic28,656,000of36,000,000
AfricanAmericans18,072,000of36,000,000
White9,972,000of36,000,000
Asian8,876,000of36,000,000
Other8,568,000of36,000,000
Odds
Hispanicyy7

RecommendationsForFutureAction
SinceHumantraffickingissuchawidespreadissueandit'ssohardtocontroltheindustry
thathastakensoasmanypeople.Theonlyrealwaypeoplecanhelpistobeawareofthe
situation.Bybeingawareyoucouldpossiblybeabletoidentifysomeoneorabusinessthatis
involvedinhumantrafficking,andgettheproperauthoritiesinvolved.Therewasabout41%of
communitymembersthatcalledthehotlineandgavepotentialcases,orwereconcerned,soitall
startswithknowingaboutit.Thatwaywecanputastoptothisinjusticethatisconstantly
happeningaroundtheworld.Someofthesignsthataremostcommoninhumantrafficking
victimsareThePolarisproject,anorganizationthathelpsvictimsofhumantraffickingandhelps
withtheeducationofhumantrafficking,hasalistofpossibleindicatorsofhumantrafficking.
Someofwhichare

Exhibitsunusuallyfearfuloranxiousbehaviorafterbringinguplawenforcement
Avoidseyecontact

Worksexcessivelylongandunusualhours
Owesalargedebtandisunabletopayitoff
Appearsmalnourishedandlackshealthcare
Isnotinpossessionofidentificationdocuments
Claimstheyrejustvisitingandinabilitytoclarifywherehe/sheisstaying/address
Lackofknowledgeofwhereaboutsand/ordonotknowwhatcityhe/sheisin
Losssenseoftime
Hasnumerousinconsistenciesinhis/herstory
InPhiladelphia,75casesofhumantraffickingwerereportedin2015.Wewouldliketoseethat
numberdropby5%inthenextyear.Tohelpachievethatgoal,wecameupwithsome
recommendationsthatwethinkwouldhelp.Oneofourrecommendationsistoinformpeopleon
thesignsofhumantraffickingsopeoplewillknowwhentocallsomorepeoplewillgetthehelp
theyneed.Wealsorecommendsafetytrainingforchildrenandadultssotheywillknowhowto
protectthemselvesfrompossiblepredators.Wealsorecommendgivingtolegitimate
organizationsthathelppeopleinvolvedinhumantraffickingdoabetterjob.

Sources:
ChelseaMiddlebrooks:
"2014Statistics."
Polaris
.9Oct.2015.Web.8Jan.2016.
"HotlineStatistics."
NationalHumanTraffickingResourceCenter
.Web.8Jan.2016.
"HumanTrafficking."
NationalInstituteofJustice
.Web.8Jan.2016.

http://www.nij.gov/topics/crime/humantrafficking/pages/welcome.aspx
"11FactsAboutHumanTrafficking."
11FactsAboutHumanTrafficking
.Web.8Jan.2016.

"RecognizetheSigns."
Polaris
.12Oct.2015.Web.8Jan.2016.

YasmeenCollins:
"ChildTraffickingStatistics."
ChildTraffickingStatistics
.Web.8Jan.2016.
"HumanTrafficking."
CitizensforCommunityValuesHumanTraffickingComments
.Web.8Jan.
2016.
"TheVictims."
NationalHumanTraffickingResourceCenter
.25Sept.2014.Web.8Jan.2016.
"2014Statistics."
Polaris
.9Oct.2015.Web.8Jan.2016.
"TheFactsAboutSexTraffickinginCanada."
TheFactsAboutSexTraffickinginCanada
.Web.8
Jan.2016.
"HumanTrafficking.org|Thailand."
HumanTrafficking.org|Thailand
.Web.8Jan.2016.
"HumanTrafficking.org|Cambodia."
HumanTrafficking.org|Cambodia
.Web.8Jan.2016.
Wikipedia
.WikimediaFoundation.Web.8Jan.2016.
LoganSmith:
"Menu."HumanTraffickingSearch.Web.8Jan.2016.
"SexTrafficking."Polaris.13Oct.2015.Web.8Jan.2016.
"LaborTrafficking."Polaris.13Oct.2015.Web.8Jan.2016.
"GlobalSexTraffickingFactSheet."GlobalSexTraffickingFactSheet.Web.8Jan.2016.

Workers,Foreign."LaborTraffickinginAmerica:VictimsEnslavedinPlainSight."CNNMoney.
CableNewsNetwork.Web.8Jan.2016.
"InsidetheScarilyLucrativeBusinessModelofHumanTrafficking."Time.Time.Web.8Jan.2016.
"ILOSaysForcedLabourGeneratesAnnualProfitsofUS$150Billion."EconomicsofForced
Labour:.20May2014.Web.8Jan.2016.

DejahSmith:
"BridgingMinorityHealthandHumanTrafficking|AdministrationforChildrenandFamilies."
BridgingMinorityHealthandHumanTrafficking|AdministrationforChildrenandFamilies
.Web.8
Jan.2016.
"HumanTrafficking."
OJPFactSheet:
.Web.8Jan.2016.
"GlobalSexTraffickingFactSheet."
GlobalSexTraffickingFactSheet
.Web.8Jan.2016.
"CombatingHumanTraffickinginAsiaRequiresU.S.Leadership."
TheHeritageFoundation
.Web.
8Jan.2016.
NylaMoore
"ChildTraffickingStatistics."
ChildTraffickingStatistics
.Web.8Jan.2016.
"TopFiveCountrieswithHighestRatesofChildProstitution."
InternationalBusinessTimesRSS
.6
Feb.2014.Web.8Jan.2016.
"ProstitutionStatistics:WhatYouNeedtoKnow|NoBullying|."
NoBullyingBullyingCyberBullying
Resources
.25Jan.2015.Web.8Jan.2016.