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Naif Alanazi

English 2010
2016-04-06
Jim Beatty

Homeless Issue
Homelessness is a lack of essential elements that give a conceptual framework of a
dwelling place. The state of homelessness is a major concern in the United States leading to the
creation of policies and laws that get implemented in the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban
Development. The state of homelessness is diverse and affects the people emotionally and
physically. Homelessness has been a major issue since 1987 due to a high number of immigrants
and increase of people in families. According to the national statistics bureau, it accounts for
approximately 8 percent of veterans that are homeless while more than 40 percent are
immigrants (Wright 17). A detailed breakdown of homeliness has led to a classification of
homelessness into four major categories: families, youth, veterans, and chronic homelessness.
The purpose of this proposal is to develop a homeless assistance system for the four categories
and eradicate the risk of homelessness in America.
According to Wright (21), the increasing state of homelessness since 1987 is the major
problem in America. As at January 2014, the state of homelessness counted up to 578,424 people
that turns to an approximate of 18 homeless people in every 10,000 people. Families that
experience homelessness are to poverty. The families are poor and cannot afford decent homes
that can accommodate all the family members. The changes in the financial and economic
stability of the country highly affect the rate of homelessness among families. In some situations,
personal financial crisis such as sudden illness, death of a family member, a car accident may
result in homelessness (Wright 25).
Youths are likely to become homeless due to family conflicts, divorce, unruly parents,
abuse and getting neglected. The majority of the youths experience short-term homelessness and

later go back to their families, or friends. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban
Development since the majority of the youths are underage and cannot get relative subsidies of
acquiring a house. Additionally, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development lacks
definitive data on the number of homeless youth due to the high rate of fluctuations. The major
solution for handling the youth homelessness statuses does not favour the minor leading to a lack
of long-term solution. According to the state of homelessness 2015 report, approximately 50,000
youths sleep on the streets in the United States. The challenge is evidence since some youths
have spent more than six months on the streets hence acquiring the identity of homelessness.
Some of the youths on the street are up to 24 years of age making it hard to blend the exact
number of years youth stay on the streets. Little intervention on the long-term solution of
eliminating homeless youth has led to short-coming of resources due to underestimation of the
number of homeless youths (Wright 27).
The veterans are the ancient American citizens with ties to generations involved in the
world wars in America. The identified veterans are homeless due to disability as a result of the
war, mentally handicapped, post-traumatic stress, and anguish. The veterans experience
difficulties toward adjusting to the current civil housing system and lifestyle. The frustrations in
the current civic lifestyle lead to veterans engaging in drug abuse, violence and domestic
difficulties leading to homelessness (Wright 28).
Chronic homelessness is people that have experienced consecutive three to four episodes
of homelessness. The chronic homelessness nature in the United States is a long-term problem
since the majority of the people in this category are disabled and lack continuous support from
sponsors. People under the chronic homelessness category live in shelters that are overpopulated
hence exposed to communicable diseases and infections. Chronic homelessness people account
for 15 percent of the total homeless people in the United States. The federal government lacks a

long-term solution to solving chronic homeless also it has been on the decline since 2010. The
chronic homeless people are very vulnerable to health disorders due to the high rate of exposure
to illness-causing pathogens and agents. The majority of the episodes lead to campaigns on
public safety and sanitation systems (Wright 32).
Public assistance to the families facing financial crisis may help the restore to their initial
state of holding on to housing. U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development may
develop policies that regulate the rental taxes; the cost of housing placement, and other
additional charges accrued to housing sector (Wright 37). The junior youths that have attained
over 18 years can get subsidised housing rate and rental taxes. The State government encourages
the community to engage in crisis response and focus on reunification as the preliminary
intervention. The living programs within the major cities need expansion to be efficient in the
expanded community. The State government need to develop a mechanism for collecting correct
data and estimate the error value on the number of homeless youths. The families and the State
officials need to collaborate with the juvenile justice and child welfare programs to efficiently
eliminate the homeless youths, especially on the streets. The United States federal government
under the Department of Housing and Urban Development are offering job placement services to
the veterans to cater for housing needs. In addition, the veterans get subsidies in medical
services, mitigation risks, and other housing charges (Wright 39).
Chronic homeless individuals require stable house system and recovery mechanism. The
process involves building permanent houses equipped with essential features for the disabled and
people with disorders. The housing system will reduce the cost of rehabilitation; offer therapy
sessions, and health improvement programs to the chronic homeless individuals. The federal
government needs to intervene on the cost-effectiveness on the houses to eliminate the incidence
of forceful ejection or termination of essential services. For example, in Seattle, WA under the

Eastlake program, the State government provide permanent houses to the chronic homeless
individuals leading to dramatic savings of over $30,000 per person on medical services.
Development of policies on housing will help in preventing the increase of incidences related to
chronic homelessness. Prevention policies that target chronic homeless people will lead to a
reduction of psychiatric cases, imprisonment of individuals due to defaulting rental charges and
improvement of sanitation (Wright 39).
The prosed solutions will take approximately three consecutive years for efficient
implementation. The total budget to address all categories of homelessness will be totalled to
$4.5 billion. The cost includes integration of homeless assistance programs that will offer longterm solutions (Wright 41).
Lack of efficient implementation of the proposed solution will lead to permanent and
recurring incidences of homelessness in America. The elimination process of homelessness in
America may not be immediate, and the capacity of upholding the recommendation has a 90
percent assurance on the reduction of homelessness. Reduction in homelessness will reduce the
rate of poverty in the country to 40 percent. The rate of crime is likely to decrease hence
encouraging investors in the country. The cost of investments due to the reduction of homeless
will outweigh the expenditure of eliminating homelessness. Thank you for your time and
consideration.

Work Cited
Wright, James D. Address Unknown: The Homeless in America. New York, NY:
AldineTransaction, 2009.