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TIPSFORREVISNGFORPAPER6

DRAWINGSyouwillbeaskedtodrawdiagramsoffruits,insects.etc.intheexam.
Makesure
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it'sinpencil,
drawntothecorrectsize,
Thedrawingshouldbeaslargeasyoucanfitinthespaceprovided
hasdefiniteoutlines(no'sketchy'lines),
noshading,
noarrowheadswhenlabelling
andmakesurelinespointexactlyatthelabelledpart.

MAKINGCOMPARISONS
1. Makesurethepointsyouusetocomparediagramsarevisibleinthe
diagrams.
2. Uselabelsonthediagramsasyourguide.
3. Anddon'tcomparesizesunlessyou'regivenascale.
4. Youcancomparenumbersshapeandproportionalsizes.

DESIGNINGANEXPERIMENT
1. Findthevariablewhichistobechanged(fromthequestion)andmention
howyouaregoingtochangeit(ex:tochangetemperature,use
thermometercontrolledwaterbathattemperatures10to50degree
Celsius).
2. Listallvariablesthatyouhavetokeepconstantthroughouttheexperiment
(ex:roomtemperature,volumeofwater,insectspecies).Makesurethere's
onlyonevariablefortheinvestigation.
3. Mentionhowlongyourexperimentwilllast.
4. Sayhowyouwillmeasureexperiments'results(ex:ifyou'reexamining
presenceofstarch,saythatthefoodsamplewhichturnstheiodine
solutionadeeperbluecontainsmorestarch)
5. Finally:say'repeatexperimenttogetmorereliableresultsandminimise
error.It'sguaranteedtogainyoumarks.
6. Ifyoucan,setacontrolforyourexperiment.(ex:useboiledenzymeinan
experimenttotestforenzymeactivity)

DRAWINGTHEGRAPHS

CONTROLLEDVARIABLEANDINDEPENDENTVARIABLEISTHESAME
Alwaysjoinpointsusingarulerunlessaskedtodootherwise(ex:lineofbestfit)

MAGNIFICATION

MAGNIFICATION=OBJECTORIMAGESIZE
ACTUALSIZE
M=I___
A

ACTUALSIZE=OBJECTORIMAGESIZE
MAGNIFICATION

TESTFORVITAMINCREAGENTUSEDISDCPIPDYE
TakeImlofDCPIPdyeintoatesttube
Addexcessofthesolutionofthefoodsampletoit
IfthebluecolouredDCPIPIdyegoescolourless(getsdecolourised)
ThefoodsamplecontainsvitaminC
IfthedyestaysbluethenVitaminCisabsent

ThistestcanbeusedtotestwhichfruitjuicescontainmoreVitamimC
Take1mloftheDCPIPdyeinseparatetesttubes
Addeachfruitjuicedropbydroptothedye
ThejuicethatdecolourisesDCPIPFASTESThasthemostVitaminC
ThismeanstheleastvolumeoffruitjuiceneededtodecolouriseDCPIPdyehas
thehighestVitaminC

CHEMICALtesttoidentifywater
1) Wateroritsvapourwillturncobaltchloride
paperfrombluetopink.
Totestifthechemicalisliquidputtheliquidontoa
stripofbluecolouredcobaltchloridepaper.Ifitturns
frombluetopinkcolouritmeanstheliquidiswater.
2)Wateroritsvapourturns
anhydrouscopper(II)sulfatecrystalsfromwhitetoblue.
3)Watermeltsat0Candboilsat100C.

USEOFHYDROGENCARBONATEINDICATORTOTESTINRESPIRATIONAND
PHOTOSYNTHESISEXPERIMENTS

InnormalairornormalcarbondioxidegastheindicatorisRED
InHIGHcarbondioxidegasORACIDICPHtheindicatorisYELLOW/ORANGE
InLOWcarbondioxidegas/INHIGHOXYGEN/ALKALINEPH
theindicatorisPURPLE

REVISEFOLLOWINGEXPERIMENTSEXPERIMENTS
1.HOWTOMEASUREHEARTRATE

2..HOWTOMEASURETHERATEOFRESPIRATIONUSINGRESPIROMETEROR

ANUTUBEMANOMETER

3.HOWTOMEASURETHERATEOFPHOTOSYNTHESISWITHA
PHTOSYNTHOMETER

5. HOWTOMEASURETHERATEOFTRANSPIRATIONUSING
POTOMETER

6. HOWTOMEASURETHERATEOFRESPIRATIONINYEAST