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Megan Alleyne

Question: The dramatic significance of the climax depends on a playwrights manipulation of


plot and characterization.

Dramatic significance refers to the elements of drama, acting in unity to effect the purpose of the
play. It serves to advance the plot, develop character, heighten the conflict, and create audience
expectancy and irony. In order to measure the extent of the question above, one must examine
the five elements in a plot as they can help understand the extent to which the playwright
incorporated of those methods.( Intro and thesis need much more work! Please follow the
guidelines set by the writing template.)
In Shakespeares Othello, from the very beginning, the playwright introduces the first plot (Is
there a sub plot?) of the play. The initial situation of act 1 scene 1 is that of the discussion or the
gossiping between Roderigo and Iago about Othello and Desdemonas secret marriage. For
example Roderigo said, thou Iago hast had my purseshouldst know of this The playwright
then transitions the dialogue between the two men into Iagos catharsis in which he expressed his
vexation of not being appointed lieutenant by Othello. For example, Iago said, one Michael
Cassio a fellow almost damned It is indeed a fact that the exchange between the men was
manipulated in such a way that the audience were at first, led into a direction thinking that the
main idea of the conversation was about Iagos unfulfilled promises of not helping Roderigo woo
Desdemona. Furthermore, the audience is able to depict or develop a sense of the personalities of
the two characters, through Shakespeares method of characterization. The audience is aware that
Roderigo is an obsessive, love struck fool, in love with Desdemona and Iago is a malicious,

deceitful but clever villain. Therefore during the first element of the plot which is the exposition,
to some extent depends on a technique of manipulation and characterization. Very good points
here!
On the other hand, the exposition does not solely depend on manipulation and characterization.
The playwright uses the language and setting to convey the brewing conflict. Shakespeare forms
the villainous character, Iago through his complex language. According to edsitement.neh.gov,
In his soliloquies and dialogues he reveals himself to the audience to be a master of connotative
and metaphoric language, inflammatory imagery, emotional appeals, well-placed silences,
dubious hesitations, leading questions, meaningful repetition, and sly hints. This statement is
valid as Iago is able to convince Roderigo to participate in his schemes. For example he firstly
said, in following him I follow but myselfI will wear my heart upon my sleeve. This was
able to evoke such a response from Roderigo that he was fully intrigued as his response, what a
full fortune does the thicklips owe suggest that he is angry because of Iagos anger and was
able to do the task of Iago when he, Call up her father The setting, Venice a street, is
dramatically significant as it creates the image of secrecy, setting the foundation of the climax.
(The setting is a separate issue! Also, how does the setting create a foundation for the climax!)
During the rising action of the play, in act 1 to act 1 scene 2, the audience is introduced to the
other characters of the play. There are some incorporations of manipulation and
characterization, though little. Sent.Str Shakespeare uses Iago to do the manipulating of
Barbantio and from that manipulation we understand the character of Barbantio but it is through
the derogative racial language of Iago that convinces the father of Desdemona that she has
eloped. Iago says, a black ram is topping your white ewe, while hidden. This leads to another
discussion of the way in which Shakespeare has created an illusion that has Barbantio believing

that he is only talking to Roderigo. As the play rising action continues we are introduced to
Othello and Desdemona. According to Siglind Bruhn, When Barbantio and his retainers
intent upon a brawl intended by Iago, Othello stops them in his track with nothing but words,
words whose eloquence is more powerful than anger and impending chaos: Keep up your bright
swords for dew will rust themgood signior you shall more command with years than your
weapons. It is through his words that at the first encounter, Othello is humble. We then see the
defiance of Desdemona as defends her love of her husband, that I love the moor the
dramatic significance of her defiance shows her character to be quite outspoken for a woman of
that Elizabethan era. It is through her persuasive language she captivates the attention and the
support of the senators. She also becomes a target, according to Johnson, Desdemonas presence
is set to stage for her involvement in Iagos plot. Good point!
As the climax approaches, during the second movement in act 3 scene 3 Othello is fully
manipulated by Iago that he is being cuckolded. His speech has become shorted, for example,
why did I marry? which shows that he is bewildered. He comes to the conclusion that he must
take action but Iago insists that he strangles Desdemona. There is also the symbolism of the
handkerchief. It is used to trap both Cassio and Desdemona. The handkerchiefs significance
really heightens the tension in the play as Othello is of the assumption that his symbol of love
was given to another man. He asks Desdemona to, Lend me thy handkerchief, and does not get
the answer he expects he becomes infuriated and storms out of the room, for eg, away!
Othellos facial expression and bodily language work together to convey the purpose or the
reason for his frustration to the audience. Is this manipulation of plot or character? I need you to
be clear.

During the falling action there is the symbolism of the pillow Othello used to suffocate his wife,
the lights he blows out and the bed. The audience knows what is to come since the previous
elements the plot has done the work for creating suspense and expectancy. Othellos speech, it
is the cause, it is the cause, my soul and his kissing of his soon to be dead wife creates an
eerie imagery as the audience witnesses the highest level of the plot. During the resolution or socalled resolution of the scenario, all the characters are finally of the knowledge of Iagos crime
but the peak of the last scene is when Othello takes full responsibility of the death of his wife and
kills himself, behold I have a weapon one that loved not wisely but too well Emilia is also
killed by her husband which shows dramatic irony and there is a mystery of Iagos whereabouts.
Again; I need you to be clear about what causes the DS.
In conclusion the playwright does use manipulation of the plot and characterization to show the
dramatic significance but he does not depend on it. Instead it could be said that he more
depended on language, imagery, props, for eg, the wall scene that assists Iagos manipulation of
Othello and symbolism.
Quite good Megan! You have demonstrated a vast improvement, but you still need to work on
your introduction and thesis. Remember, you are setting the argument.
K = 10/12; A= 15/18 0= 7/10 TOTAL= 32/40