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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport

Platform
V100R003C00

Product Overview
Issue

01

Date

2015-12-31

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2015. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or
representations of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address:

Huawei Industrial Base


Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website:

http://www.huawei.com

Email:

support@huawei.com

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

Contents

Contents
1 Product Specifications.................................................................................................................. 1
2 Product Networking......................................................................................................................5
3 Supported Services Types............................................................................................................6
4 System Architecture...................................................................................................................... 9
5 Hardware Architecture............................................................................................................... 11
5.1 Cabinet Introduction..................................................................................................................................................... 12
5.2 OptiX OSN 9800 U64 Subrack.................................................................................................................................... 13
5.3 OptiX OSN 9800 U32 Subrack.................................................................................................................................... 16
5.4 OptiX OSN 9800 U16 Subrack.................................................................................................................................... 18
5.5 OptiX OSN 9800 Universal Platform Subrack.............................................................................................................20

6 Product Features...........................................................................................................................24
6.1 Beyond 100G Transmission Application......................................................................................................................25
6.2 100G Transmission Application................................................................................................................................... 26
6.3 OTN + ROADM Application....................................................................................................................................... 28
6.4 Flexible ROADM Application..................................................................................................................................... 29
6.5 PID Application............................................................................................................................................................ 30
6.6 Redundancy and Protection.......................................................................................................................................... 31
6.6.1 Network-Level Protection (OTN)............................................................................................................................. 31
6.6.2 Network Level Protection (Packet)........................................................................................................................... 32
6.6.3 Network Level Protection (OCS).............................................................................................................................. 33
6.6.4 OptiX OSN 9800 U64/U32/U16 Equipment-Level Redundancy............................................................................. 34
6.6.5 OptiX OSN 9800 Universal Platform Subrack Equipment-Level Redundancy........................................................35
6.7 Automatic Optical Power Management....................................................................................................................... 35
6.8 ASON Feature.............................................................................................................................................................. 36

7 Operation and Maintenance......................................................................................................38


7.1 Optical Doctor System..................................................................................................................................................41
7.2 Fiber Doctor System..................................................................................................................................................... 42

8 Network Management................................................................................................................ 53

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ii

OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

1 Product Specifications

Product Specifications

To address ultra-large cross-connect capacity and bandwidth requirements, Huawei presents


the OptiX OSN 9800 product series. The OptiX OSN 9800 product series include the OptiX
OSN 9800 U64, OptiX OSN 9800 U32, OptiX OSN 9800 U16 and OptiX OSN 9800
universal platform subrack. Applied at the electrical layer, the OptiX OSN 9800 U64, OptiX
OSN 9800 U32 and OptiX OSN 9800 U16 share boards by using unified software and
hardware platforms and can work with the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack,
OptiX OSN 8800 T16 and OptiX OSN 6800 optical subracks in WDM and OTN systems.
The following table lists the detailed specifications of the OptiX OSN 9800 product series.
Specificat
ions

OptiX OSN 9800


U64

OptiX OSN 9800


U32

OptiX OSN 9800


U16

OptiX OSN 9800


Universal Platform
Subrack

Product
appearance

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

1 Product Specifications

Specificat
ions

OptiX OSN 9800


U64

OptiX OSN 9800


U32

OptiX OSN 9800


U16

OptiX OSN 9800


Universal Platform
Subrack

Subrack
dimensions
(mm)

2200 (H) x 600


(W) x 600 (D) (the
subrack is
integrated into a
cabinet)

1900 (H) x 498 (W) x


295 (D) (without
cabinet)

847 mm (H) x 442 mm


(W) x 295 mm (D)
(without cabinet)

397 mm (H) x 442 mm


(W) x 295 mm (D)
(without cabinet)

Cabinet

N/A

N63B, N66B

N63B, N66B, 19-inch


open rack

N63B, N66B, 19-inch


open rack

Number of
slots for
service
boards

64

32

14

16

Sw
itc
hin
g
cap
abi
lity

Optic
ala

N/A

Electr
ical

l 25.6 Tbit/s
ODUk (k = 0,
1, 2, 2e, 3, 4,
flex)

1 to 20-degree
reconfigurable optical
add/drop multiplexer
(ROADM)

l 12.8 Tbit/s
packet services

l 12.8 Tbit/s ODUk


(k = 0, 1, 2, 2e, 3,
4, flex)

l 5.6 Tbit/s ODUk (k


= 0, 1, 2, 2e, 3, 4,
flex)

l 6.4 Tbit/s packet


services

l 2.8 Tbit/s packet


services

l 2.56 Tbit/s VC4

l 1.12 Tbit/s VC4

N/A

l 5.12 Tbit/s VC4


Max.
number of
wavelength
s

l Fixed grid: 80 wavelengths @50 GHz grid

Channel
spacing

l Fixed grid: 50 GHz/100 GHz

Wavelength
range

DWDM system: 1529.16 nm to 1567.13 nm (extend C-band, ITU-T G.694.1)

Max. rate
per channel

400 Gbit/s (OTUC4)

Service
type

Synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH), synchronous optical network (SONET), Ethernet, storage
area network (SAN), optical transport network (OTN), and video

l Flex grid: The maximum number of wavelengths is related to the width of the flex channel.

l Flex grid: The channel spacing is configurable.

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100 Gbit/s (OTU4)

OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

OptiX OSN 9800


U32

1 Product Specifications

Specificat
ions

OptiX OSN 9800


U64

OptiX OSN 9800


U16

Packet
service
capacity

l Support E-Line/E-LAN (MEF) and VPWS/VPLS (IETF)

OptiX OSN 9800


Universal Platform
Subrack
N/A

l Support MPLS-TP
l Number of MPLS tunnel: 64x1024
l Number of PW: 64x1024
l Number of E-Line: 32x1024
l Number of E-LAN: 8x1024

Line rate

10 Gbit/s, 40 Gbit/s, 100 Gbit/s, 200 Gbit/s and 400 Gbit/s

2.5 Gbit/s, 10 Gbit/s,


40 Gbit/s, 100 Gbit/s

Supported
pluggable
optical
modules

eSFP, SFP+, XFP, CFP, CXP

eSFP, SFP+, XFP, CFP

Topology

Point-to-point, chain, star, ring, ring-with-chain, tangent ring, intersecting ring, and mesh

Re
du
nd
anc
y
an
d
pro
tec
tio
n

Equip
ment
level
prote
ction

Power redundancy, fan redundancy, cross-connect board redundancy,


communication control and clock processing unit redundancy

Power redundancy, fan


redundancy, system
control and
communication board
redundancy

Netw
ork
level
prote
ction
(OTN
)

Client 1+1 protection, ODUk SNCP, tributary SNCP, intra-board 1+1


protection, LPT

Optical line protection,


client 1+1 protection,
SW SNCP, intra-board
1+1 protection, LPT

Netw
ork
Level
Prote
ction
(Pack
et)

ERPS, LAG, MC-LAG, LMSP, MC-LMSP, MRPS, PW APS, MC-PW


APS, Tunnel APS

N/A

Netw
ork
Level
Prote
ction
(OCS
)

LMSP, SNCP

N/A

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

Specificat
ions

OptiX OSN 9800


U64

OptiX OSN 9800


U32

Optical
power
manageme
nt

ALS, IPA, IPA of Raman System

Synchroniz
ation

l Synchronous Ethernet clock

1 Product Specifications

OptiX OSN 9800


U16

OptiX OSN 9800


Universal Platform
Subrack
ALS, AGC, ALC,
APE, IPA, IPA of
Raman System

l IEEE 1588v2
l 2 Mbit/s or 2 MHz (with the SSM function), ITU-T G.703-compliant external clock source
l External time source (1PPS+TOD)

ASON

Electrical-Layer ASON

Optical-Layer ASON

T-SDN

l Online Service Provisioning

N/A

l Survivability Analysis
l BOD
l IP and Optical Collaboration
Submarine
Features

Supports application of extended C band in submarine scenarios.

Nominal
working
voltage

-48V DC/-60V DC

Operation
Environme
nt

Subrack temperature:

Subrack temperature:

Subrack temperature:

l Long-term operation: 5C (41 F) to 40C


(104 F)

l Long-term
operation: 5C
(41 F) to 40C
(104 F)

l Long-term
operation: 5C
(41 F) to 45C
(113 F)

l Short-term
operation: -5C
(23 F) to 50C
(122 F)

l Short-term
operation: -5C
(23 F) to 55C
(131 F)

Relative humidity:

Relative humidity:

l Long-term
operation: 5% to
85%

l Long-term
operation: 5% to
85%

l Short-term
operation: 5% to
90%

l Short-term
operation: 5% to
90%

l Short-term operation: -5C (23 F) to


45C (113 F)
Relative humidity:
l Long-term operation: 5% to 85%
l Short-term operation: 5% to 90%

MTTR

4 hours

MTBF

49.89 years

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

2 Product Networking

Product Networking

The OptiX OSN 9800 is targeted for use at the core/backbone and metro/aggregation layer. It
can work with OptiX OSN 8800 and OptiX OSN 1800 to form a complete OTN-based endto-end network for unified network management, as shown in Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-1 Role of the OptiX OSN 9800 in a network-wide solution

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

3 Supported Services Types

Supported Services Types

Table 3-1 lists the service types, service rates, and corresponding service boards supported by
the OptiX OSN 9800.
Table 3-1 Service types, service rates, and corresponding service boards supported by the OptiX OSN 9800
Service
Catego
ry

Service Type

Service Rate

Board

Standard
Compliance

SDH

STM-1

155.52 Mbit/s

T130, LOA, TOM, LQM, LWXS, EC116,


S216

ITU-T G.707

T130, LOA, TOM, LQM, LWXS, EC404,


S216

ITU-T G.957

T130, LOA, TOM, LQM, LWXS, TMX,


S216

ITU-T G.783

STM-4
STM-16

SONET

Ethernet
service

622.08 Mbit/s
2.5 Gbit/s

STM-64

9.95 Gbit/s

T216, T210, T220, LDX, LSX, LTX,


G210, G220, S208, S216

STM-256

39.81 Gbit/s

T302, LSQ, LSXL

OC-3

155.52 Mbit/s

T130, LOA, TOM, LQM, LWXS

OC-12

622.08 Mbit/s

T130, LOA, TOM, LQM, LWXS

OC-48

2.5 Gbit/s

T130, LOA, TOM, LQM, LWXS, TMX

OC-192

9.95 Gbit/s

T216, T210, T220, LDX, LSX, LTX,


G210, G220

OC-768

39.81 Gbit/s

T302, LSQ, LSXL

FE (optical
signal)

Interface rate:
125 Mbit/s

T130, LOA, TOM, LQM, LWXS

ITU-T G.691
ITU-T G.693
ITU-T G.825

GR-253-CORE
GR-1377-CORE
ANSI T1.105

IEEE 802.3u

Service rate:
100 Mbit/s

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

Service
Catego
ry

3 Supported Services Types

Service Type

Service Rate

Board

Standard
Compliance

GE (optical
signal)

Interface rate:
1.25 Gbit/s

T130, LOA, LOM, TOM, LQM, LWXS,


E124, LOG

IEEE 802.3z

Service rate: 1
Gbit/s
GE (electrical
signal)

Interface rate:
1.25 Gbit/s

T130, LOA, LOM, TOM, LQM, LWXS,


E124, LOG

Service rate: 1
Gbit/s

SAN
service

10GE WAN

9.95 Gbit/s

T216, T210, T220, LDX, LSX, LTX,


G210, G220

10GE LAN

10.31 Gbit/s

T216, T210, T220, LDX, LOA, LSX,


LTX, E208, E212, G210, G220

40GE

41.25 Gbit/s

T302, E302

100GE

103.125 Gbit/s

T401, T402, T404, LSC, LSCM, E401

ETR

16 Mbit/s

LWXS

CLO

16 Mbit/s

IBM GDPS
(Geographically
Dispersed Parallel
Sysplex) Protocol

FDDI

125 Mbit/s

T130, LOA, TOM, LQM, LWXS

ISO 9314

ESCON

200 Mbit/s

T130, LOA, TOM, LQM, LWXS

FICON

1.06 Gbit/s

T130, LOA, LOM, TOM, LQM, LWXS

FICON
Express

2.12 Gbit/s

T130, LOA, LOM, TOM, LQM, LWXS

ANSI X3.296
ANSI X3.230
ANSI X3.303

FC100

1.06 Gbit/s

T130, LOA, LOM, TOM, LQM, LWXS

FC200

2.12 Gbit/s

T130, LOA, LOM, TOM, LQM, LWXS

FC400

4.25 Gbit/s

T130, LOA, LOM

FC800

8.5 Gbit/s

T210, T216, LOA, T220, G210, G220

FC1200

10.51 Gbit/s

T210, T216, LOA, LSX, T220, G210,


G220

FICON4G

4.25 Gbit/s

T130, LOA, LOM

FICON8G

8.5 Gbit/s

T210, T216, LOA, T220, G210, G220

FICON10G

10.51 Gbit/s

LOA

InfiniBand
2.5G

2.5 Gbit/s

LOA

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IEEE 802.3ae

IEEE 802.3ba

InfiniBand TM
Architecture
Release 1.2.1
7

OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

Service
Catego
ry

OTN
service

Video
service

3 Supported Services Types

Service Type

Service Rate

Board

Standard
Compliance

InfiniBand 5G

5 Gbit/s

LOA

ISC 1G

1.06 Gbit/s

LOM

ISC 2G

2.12 Gbit/s

LOM

IBM GDPS
(Geographically
Dispersed Parallel
Sysplex) Protocol

OTU1

2.67 Gbit/s

T130, LOA, TOM, TMX

ITU-T G.709

OTU2

10.71 Gbit/s

T216, T210, T220, LDX, LSX, LTX,


G210, G220

ITU-T G.959.1
GR-2918-CORE

OTU2e

11.10 Gbit/s

T216, T210, T220, LDX, LSX, LTX,


G210, G220

OTU3

43.02 Gbit/s

T302, LSQ, LSXL

OTU4

111.81 Gbit/s

T401, T402, T404, LSC, LSCM

DVB-ASI

270 Mbit/s

T130, LOA, TOM, LQM, LWXS

EN 50083-9

SDI

270 Mbit/s

T130, LOA, TOM

SMPTE 259M

HD-SDI

1.49 Gbit/s

T130, LOA, TOM

SMPTE 292M

HD-SDIRBR

1.49/1.001
Gbit/s

T130, LOA

3G-SDI

2.97 Gbit/s

T130, LOA

3G-SDIRBR

2.97/1.001
Gbit/s

T130, LOA

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SMPTE 424M

OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

4 System Architecture

System Architecture

The OptiX OSN 9800 uses the L0 + L1 + L2 architecture. Wavelength multiplexing/


demultiplexing and add/drop is implemented at Layer 0, ODUk/VC service grooming is
implemented at Layer 1 and ethernet/MPLS-TP switching is implemented at Layer 2.

The equipment supports a tributary-line-separate architecture and a centralized crossconnect unit to flexibly groom electrical-layer signals at different granularities.

Universal line board is used to process electrical-layer signals, and the board can achieve
universal transmission and fine-grained grooming of OTN, VC and packet services.

General service processing board provides the functions of both OTN tributary and line
boards, and each port on the board can be set to the tributary port or line port mode.

The PIU power supply pools, 1+1 SCC/CTU and M:N XCS have a redundancy
protection design and ensure highly-reliable equipment operation.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

4 System Architecture

The auxiliary interface board provides functional ports such as clock/time input/output
ports, alarm output and cascading ports, and alarm input/output ports.

Inter-board communication and service cross-connections, clock synchronization, and


power supplies are implemented using backplane buses.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

5 Hardware Architecture

Hardware Architecture

About This Chapter


5.1 Cabinet Introduction
Huawei provides two types of ETS 300-119-compliant cabinets: N66B and N63B.
5.2 OptiX OSN 9800 U64 Subrack
The OptiX OSN 9800 U64 equipment has integrated the OptiX OSN 9800 U64 subrack in a
cabinet and provides board slots on both the front and rear sides. Boards need to be installed
in the designated slots. The equipment runs on -48 V DC or -60 V DC and is divided into
different areas in which boards are powered by designated PIU boards in different slots.
5.3 OptiX OSN 9800 U32 Subrack
Boards need to be installed in the designated slots in the subrack. The subrack runs on -48 V
DC or -60 V DC and is divided into different areas in which boards are powered by
designated PIU boards in different slots.
5.4 OptiX OSN 9800 U16 Subrack
Boards need to be installed in the designated slots in a subrack. The subrack runs on -48 V
DC or -60 V DC and is divided into multiple areas in which boards are powered by
designated PIU boards in different slots. The subrack can be installed in an ETSI cabinet or a
19-inch cabinet.
5.5 OptiX OSN 9800 Universal Platform Subrack
Boards need to be installed in the designated slots in the subrack. The subrack includes the
following areas: interface area, board area, fiber-routing area, and fan area.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

5 Hardware Architecture

5.1 Cabinet Introduction


Huawei provides two types of ETS 300-119-compliant cabinets: N66B and N63B.
Parameter

N66B (ETSI 600 mm Cabinet)

N63B (ETSI 300 mm Cabinet)

Front and rear doors: They can be


disassembled. A key is provided for
unlocking each of the doors.

Front door: The door can be


disassembled. A key is provided for
unlocking the door.

Side panels: They are secured with


screws and can be disassembled.

Rear and side panels: They are


secured with screws. Only the side
panels can be disassembled.

Appearance

Height
extension
frame
(optional)a
Doors/
Panels

Door keys

The door keys for all N66B cabinets and N63B cabinets are the same.

Dimensions
(H x W x D)

l Not equipped with a height


extension frame: 2200 mm (86.6
in.) x 600 mm (23.6 in.) x 600
mm (23.6 in.)

l Not equipped with a height


extension frame: 2200 mm (86.6
in.) x 600 mm (23.6 in.) x 300
mm (11.8 in.)

l Equipped with a height


extension frame: 2600 mm
(102.4 in.) x 600 mm (23.6 in.) x
600 mm (23.6 in.)

l Equipped with a height extension


frame: 2600 mm (102.4 in.) x
600 mm (23.6 in.) x 300 mm
(11.8 in.)

l Not equipped with a height


extension frame: 120 kg (264.6
lb.)

l Not equipped with a height


extension frame: 60 kg (132.3
lb.)

l Equipped with a height


extension frame: 130 kg (286.6
lb.)

l Equipped with a height extension


frame: 66 kg (145.5 lb.)

Weight

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

5 Hardware Architecture

Parameter

N66B (ETSI 600 mm Cabinet)

N63B (ETSI 300 mm Cabinet)

Standard
working
voltage

-48 V DC or -60 V DC

Working
voltage
range

-48 V DC power source: -40 V to -57.6 V


-60 V DC power source: -48 V to -72 V

a: A 400 mm height extension frame can be placed at the top of the cabinet, which
increases the height of the cabinet to 2600 mm.

5.2 OptiX OSN 9800 U64 Subrack


The OptiX OSN 9800 U64 equipment has integrated the OptiX OSN 9800 U64 subrack in a
cabinet and provides board slots on both the front and rear sides. Boards need to be installed
in the designated slots. The equipment runs on -48 V DC or -60 V DC and is divided into
different areas in which boards are powered by designated PIU boards in different slots.
Figure 5-1 shows the slots inside the equipment and the areas divided in the equipment. The
equipment includes the following areas: indicator area, power and interface area, fan area,
fiber-routing area, service board area, and system control and cross-connect board area. Table
5-1 describes the areas and slots in each area.
PIU boards are located in the power and interface area. In Figure 5-1, if an area has the same
background color as a PIU board, then the PIU board powers the boards located in this area.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

5 Hardware Architecture

Figure 5-1 Schematic diagram of the areas and slots in the OptiX OSN 9800 U64 subrack

Table 5-1 Descriptions of the areas and slots in the OptiX OSN 9800 U64 subrack
Area
Pow
er
and
inter
face
area

Fron
t

Composition

Slot

Function

1 EFI board and 10 PIU


boards

PIU: IU100-IU104, IU106IU110

l The PIU boards on the front and


rear sides are in mutual backup.
Therefore, the failure of any
power input to the equipment
does not affect the normal
operation of the equipment.

EFI: IU105

NOTE
The PIU boards installed back-toback are in mutual backup, for
example, the PIU boards in slots
IU100 and IU121, the PIU boards in
slots IU101 and IU120, and so on.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform


Product Overview

Area
Rear

Composition

Slot

Function

10 PIU boards

PIU: IU111-IU115, IU117IU121

l The EFI board provides


maintenance and management
interfaces.

IU116: reserved
Fan
areas

5 Hardware Architecture

Fron
t

4 fan tray assemblies

Rear

4 fan tray assemblies

Lower portion: IU90, IU91


Upper portion: IU92, IU93

The fan tray assemblies are used to


ventilate the equipment.

Lower portion: IU94, IU95


Upper portion: IU96, IU97

Fibe
rrouti
ng
areas

Fron
t

2 fiber troughs

Rear

2 fiber troughs

Serv
ice
boar
d
areas

Fron
t

32 service boards

Rear

32 service boards

Syst
em
contr
ol
and
cross
conn
ect
boar
d
area

N/A

Fiber patch cords connecting to


boards are routed to the left or right
side of the equipment through the
upper- and lower-side fiber troughs.

Lower portion: IU1-IU16

Service boards need to be configured


based on the service plan and all of
them are installed in the two service
board areas.

Upper portion: IU17-IU32


Lower portion: IU33-IU48
Upper portion: IU49-IU64

NOTE
Service boards installed in slots IU1IU16 and IU33-IU48 have their ejector
levers on the right sides of the board
front panels. Service boards installed in
remaining slots in the two areas have
their ejector levers on the left sides of
the board front panels.

l Cross-connect boards are


configured in M:N backup mode
to implement cross-connections
for services boards on the front
and rear sides.

Fron
t

2 CTU system control


boards and 7 XCS
cross-connect boards

XCS: IU71-IU77

Rear

7 XCS cross-connect
boards

XCS: IU79-IU85

CTU: IU70, IU78

l The system control boards are


configured in 1+1 backup mode.
The active system control board
manages and provides a clock to
all other boards in the equipment.
It also provides for inter-NE
communication.
l When a U64 subrack is used as a
pure regeneration subrack, no
cross-connect board is required.

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5 Hardware Architecture

5.3 OptiX OSN 9800 U32 Subrack


Boards need to be installed in the designated slots in the subrack. The subrack runs on -48 V
DC or -60 V DC and is divided into different areas in which boards are powered by
designated PIU boards in different slots.
Figure 5-2 shows the slots inside the subrack and the areas divided in the subrack. The
subrack includes the following areas: indicator area, power and interface area, fan area, fiberrouting area, service board area, and system control and cross-connect board area. Table 5-2
describes the areas and slots in each area.
PIU boards are located in the power and interface area. In Figure 5-2, if an area has the same
background color as a PIU board, then the PIU board powers the boards located in this area.
Figure 5-2 Schematic diagram of the areas and slots in the 9800 U32 subrack

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Table 5-2 Descriptions of the areas and slots in the OptiX OSN 9800 U32 subrack
Area

Composition

Slot

Function

Power and
interface
area

1 EFI board and


10 PIU boards

l PIU: IU100IU104, IU106IU110

l The PIU boards are in mutual backup. Therefore,


the failure of any power input to the equipment
does not affect the normal operation of the
equipment.

l EFI: IU105

NOTE
The PIU boards on the left and right sides of the EFI
board are in mutual backup, for example, the PIU
boards in slots IU100 and IU106, the PIU boards in
slots IU101 and IU107, and so on.

l The EFI board provides maintenance and


management interfaces.
Fan areas

4 fan tray
assemblies

l Lower portion:
IU90, IU91

The fan tray assemblies are used to ventilate the


equipment.

l Upper portion:
IU92, IU93
Fiberrouting
areas

2 fiber troughs

N/A

Fiber patch cords connecting to boards are routed to


the left or right side of the subrack through the upperand lower-side fiber troughs.

Service
board areas

32 service boards

l Lower portion:
IU1-IU16

Service boards need to be configured based on the


service plan and all of them are installed in the two
service board areas.

l Upper portion:
IU17-IU32

System
control and
crossconnect
board area

2 CTU system
control boards
and 7 XCS crossconnect boards

l XCS: IU71IU77
l CTU: IU70,
IU78

NOTE
Service boards installed in slots IU1-IU16 have their ejector
levers on the right sides of the board front panels. Service
boards installed in remaining slots in the two areas have
their ejector levers on the left sides of the board front
panels.

l Cross-connect boards are configured in M:N


backup mode. The cross-connect boards provide
cross-connections for service boards.
l The system control boards are configured in 1+1
backup mode. The active system control board
manages and provides a clock to all other boards
in the equipment. It also provides for inter-NE
communication.
l When a U32 subrack is used as a pure
regeneration subrack, no cross-connect board is
required.

NOTE

For details about the requirements of the subrack installation space in a cabinet, see the Quick Installation
Guide.

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5.4 OptiX OSN 9800 U16 Subrack


Boards need to be installed in the designated slots in a subrack. The subrack runs on -48 V
DC or -60 V DC and is divided into multiple areas in which boards are powered by
designated PIU boards in different slots. The subrack can be installed in an ETSI cabinet or a
19-inch cabinet.
Figure 5-3 shows the slots and areas in the subrack. If an area has the same background color
as a PIU board, then the PIU board powers the boards located in this area.

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Figure 5-3 Schematic diagram of the areas and slots in the OptiX OSN 9800 U16 subrack

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Table 5-3 Descriptions of the areas and slots in the OptiX OSN 9800 U16 subrack
Area

Composition

Slot

Function

System
control
and
crossconnect
board
area

4 PIU boards

IU68, IU69,
IU80, IU81

They supply power to the subrack.

1 EFI board

IU79

The EFI board provides maintenance and


management interfaces.

2 CTU boards

IU70, IU78

The CTU boards manage the subrack, provide clock


for service boards, and implement inter-NE
communication.

The PIU boards in slots IU68 and IU80, and the PIU
boards in slots IU69 and IU81 are in mutual backup.
Therefore, the failure of any power input to the
subrack does not affect the normal operation of the
subrack.

Two CTU boards are configured for mutual backup.


7 cross-connect boards
(XCS)

IU71-IU77

The cross-connect boards groom services between


service boards.
Cross-connect boards are configured in M:N backup
mode.
When a U16 subrack is used as a pure regeneration
subrack, no cross-connect board is required.

Fan
area

2 fan tray assemblies

IU90, IU91

Fan tray assemblies are used to ventilate the


equipment.

Fiberrouting
areas

2 fiber troughs

N/A

Fiber patch cords connecting to boards are routed to


the left or right side of the equipment through the
upper- and lower-side fiber troughs.

Service
board
area

14 service boards

IU1-IU14

Service boards need to be configured based on the


service plan and all of them are installed in the
service board area.

NOTE

For details about the requirements of the subrack installation space in a cabinet, see the Quick Installation
Guide.

5.5 OptiX OSN 9800 Universal Platform Subrack


Boards need to be installed in the designated slots in the subrack. The subrack includes the
following areas: interface area, board area, fiber-routing area, and fan area.
Slots of OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack are shown in Figure 5-4 and Figure
5-5.

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Figure 5-4 Slots of the subrack (DC power supply)

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Figure 5-5 Slots of the subrack (AC power supply)

Pair slots refer to a pair of slots whose resident boards' overhead can be processed by the
buses on the backplanes.
Interface area: The EFI board provides maintenance and management interfaces.
Board area: IU1 to IU16 (DC power supply) or IU1 to IU15 (AC power supply) are reserved
for the service boards.
l

When a universal platform subrack serves as a master subrack, the subrack can be
provisioned with two or one SCC board.

When two SCC boards are provisioned, they are in mutual backup and are inserted
in slots IU1 and IU2.

When only one SCC board is provisioned, it can be inserted in either slot IU1 or
IU2. When the SCC board is inserted in slot IU1, slot IU2 can be used to hold a
service board. When the SCC board is inserted in slot IU2, slot IU1 cannot be used
to hold a service board.

When the universal platform subrack serves as a slave subrack, the SCC board cannot be
configured. In this case, slots IU1 and IU2 are used to hold service boards.

Fiber-routing area: Fiber jumpers from the ports on the front panel of each board are routed to
the fiber cabling area before being routed on a side of the cabinet.
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NOTE

The IEEE 1588v2 function is not supported by all services boards or ST2 boards in slots 3 and 4 in an 9800
universal platform subrack.

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Product Features

About This Chapter


6.1 Beyond 100G Transmission Application
6.2 100G Transmission Application
6.3 OTN + ROADM Application
The OTN + ROADM feature cross-connects a client service in any optical direction while
ensuring high bandwidth utilization.
6.4 Flexible ROADM Application
In the beyond 100G system, flexible ROADM supports flexible grid bandwidth grooming in
addition to the 50 GHz and 100 GHz bandwidth grooming supported by traditional ROADM.
In other words, flexible ROADM supports flexible allocation and grooming of n x 12.5 GHz
bandwidth.
6.5 PID Application
Photonics integrated device (PID) helps to effectively eliminate bandwidth and O&M
bottlenecks on a WAN, leveraging the features such as large capacity, high integration,
versatile multi-service access, small size, and environment-friendly design.
6.6 Redundancy and Protection
6.7 Automatic Optical Power Management
6.8 ASON Feature

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6.1 Beyond 100G Transmission Application


By using the cutting-edge coherent detection technology, the OptiX OSN 9800 compensates
for chromatic dispersion (CD) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD) without requiring
additional dispersion compensation modules (DCMs) in pure beyond 100G coherent
networks.
Line boards supporting the beyond 100 Gbit/s transmission solution: N401P, N402P, N501
and N601.
Figure 6-1 shows a typical application of the beyond 100 Gbit/s transmission solution.
Figure 6-1 Typical application of the beyond 100 Gbit/s transmission solution

The unique technical advantages of Huawei's coherent beyond 100 Gbit/s transmission
solution allow for high bandwidth utilization and long-haul transmission.

High Bandwidth Utilization


Huawei 100 Gbit/s transmission solution provides various service types and data rates and
supports the ODUflex technology to ensure high bandwidth utilization and reduce the
transmission cost per bit.
l

Various service types and data rates are supported and carried over 200G transmission
channels.

Optical-layer spectral width: 200G and 400G signals are compatible with traditional
signals with 50 GHz spectral width. Compared with 100G signals, 200G and 400G
signals have improved the spectral efficiency by 100%. In addition, 200G and 400G
signals support flexible grid wavelengths and has higher spectrum utilization than the
systems using fixed spectrum.

Electrical-layer grooming: ODUflex technology provides flexible bandwidth adjustment


and grooming.

Long-Haul Transmission
Using the 16QAM/QPSK technology, multi-carrier light source technology, and coherent
DSP/SDFEC algorithm, Huawei beyond 100 Gbit/s transmission solution achieves long-haul
transmission without regeneration.
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16QAM/QPSK
Together with the dual-carrier technology, 16QAM/QPSK reduces the baud rate of
optical signals without reducing the line rate, therefore reducing the spectral width of
optical signals and overcoming the bandwidth limitations of transmission devices.

Coherent detection
This technology provides for a better OSNR and receiver sensitivity than those in a noncoherent system.

FEC technology
Huawei coherent transmission solutions support SDFEC schemes. Using advanced
algorithms, Huawei coherent solutions offer higher net coding gain and thus extends the
transmission distance.

6.2 100G Transmission Application


The OptiX OSN 9800 provides 40/80 x 100 Gbit/s transmission solution. By using the cutting
edge coherent detection technology, the OptiX OSN 9800 compensates for chromatic
dispersion (CD) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD) without requiring additional
dispersion compensation modules (DCMs) in pure 100G coherent networks.
The boards supporting the 100 Gbit/s transmission solution: N401, N402, LSC, LTX.
Figure 6-2 shows a typical application of the 100 Gbit/s transmission solution.
Figure 6-2 Typical application of the 100 Gbit/s transmission solution

The unique technical advantages of Huawei's coherent 100 Gbit/s transmission solution allow
for ultra long-haul transmission, simplified network structure, high bandwidth utilization, and
Low Latency.

Ultra-Long-Haul Transmission
Huawei coherent transmission solution uses multiple technologies, such as ePDM+QPSK/
ePDM+BPSK modulation, coherent detection/second-generation coherent detection, FEC and
Hybrid OA, to achieve ultra-long-haul (ULH) transmission without electrical regeneration.

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Figure 6-3 Ultra-Long-Haul Transmission of Coherent Transmission System

Simplified network architecture


Huawei coherent transmission solution simplifies network architecture and design, and
reduces network OPEX owing to its DCM-free design, high PMD tolerance, and simplified
ROADM architecture.
Figure 6-4 Simplified network architecture of the coherent transmission system

High Bandwidth Utilization


Huawei coherent transmission solution supports various service types and data rates.
Received services of different types are encapsulated into ODUk (k=0,1, 2, 2e, 3, 4,
ODUflex) signals using OTN technology, and groomed and provisioned through central OTN
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cross-connections. Bandwidth sharing, to the maximum extent, ensures high bandwidth


utilization and reduces the transmission cost per bit.
Figure 6-5 High Bandwidth Utilization of Coherent Transmission System

Low Latency
Due to low latency, Huawei coherent transmission equipment is especially suitable for
transport networks providing dedicated transport pipes for various business services, such as
financial, data center application, and cloud computing that allow for very low latency.
l

Huawei advanced FEC technology provides optimal net coding gain while introducing
extremely low latency.

Huawei coherent boards are equipped with DSP chips, which have superior performance
in CD and PMD compensation. Therefore, DCMs are no longer required in new 100G/
200G/400G networks, which not only reduces the network construction cost but also
eliminates the latency of the DCMs.

6.3 OTN + ROADM Application


The OTN + ROADM feature cross-connects a client service in any optical direction while
ensuring high bandwidth utilization.
Figure 6-6 illustrates how OTN and ROADM effectively transmit client services.
l

A tributary board receives client services at any bit rate. After OTN mapping and ODUk
cross-connection are complete, the client signals are flexibly cross-connected on the
electrical layer and share bandwidth. A line board then outputs the signals over different
wavelengths.

Along the optical cross-connections on the ROADM board, the signals over different
wavelengths can be transmitted in any optical direction.

If the signals in an optical direction do not need to be locally terminated, they can be
directly transmitted to another optical direction through the optical cross-connections on
the ROADM board.

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Figure 6-6 OTN + ROADM application

6.4 Flexible ROADM Application


In the beyond 100G system, flexible ROADM supports flexible grid bandwidth grooming in
addition to the 50 GHz and 100 GHz bandwidth grooming supported by traditional ROADM.
In other words, flexible ROADM supports flexible allocation and grooming of n x 12.5 GHz
bandwidth.
The beyond 100G system requires more flexible spectrum allocation for high-rate optical
signals and different bandwidths for signals in different modulation formats. The current
ROADM technology uses the fixed grid technique, in which the bandwidth is fixed to 50 or
100 GHz. Hence, this technique cannot provide flexible bandwidth allocation.
Flexible ROADM uses the flexible grid technique to allocate different bandwidths for
different signals, improving spectrum utilization and addressing the flexible signal grooming
requirements of future beyond 100G systems.
Flexible ROADM is compatible with existing networks and supports fixed 50 GHz and 100
GHz bandwidth defined in ITU-T Recommendations.
Figure 6-7 shows the networking of an example 2-degree flexible ROADM. Flexible grid
wavelengths are received, and the bandwidth of the wavelengths is not fixed to 50 or 100 GHz
but can be configured. Flexible ROADM allocates different bandwidths for different signals
and grooms the signals to the specified direction based on network configurations.
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Figure 6-7 Networking of a flexible ROADM

6.5 PID Application


Photonics integrated device (PID) helps to effectively eliminate bandwidth and O&M
bottlenecks on a WAN, leveraging the features such as large capacity, high integration,
versatile multi-service access, small size, and environment-friendly design.
On a WAN, a 200G/400G aggregation ring based on PID boards (NP400 and NP400E) only is
recommended, eliminating commissioning while enabling quick service provision. At the
OTN aggregation layer, 13 to 20 aggregation rings can be deployed with two to four NEs in
each ring. A PID board(s) is used on each NE's line side. Build a 200G/400G network using
PID groups as required. Figure 6-8 shows the details.

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Figure 6-8 Typical application

In Figure 6-8, service 1 is received through the client-side tributary board and is converted
into an ODUk signal. Then the ODUk signal is cross-connected to the PID board by the crossconnect board and is finally converted into an OTUC2 optical signal before it is sent to the
east direction on the WDM side. Service 2 is received by the west PID board. After the
OTUC2-to-ODUk conversion is performed, the signal is cross-connected to the east PID
board by the cross-connect board. After the ODUk-to-OTUC2 conversion, the signal is sent to
the east direction on the WDM side.

6.6 Redundancy and Protection


This topic describes network- and equipment-level protection supported by the OptiX OSN
9800.

6.6.1 Network-Level Protection (OTN)


The product supports a series of OTN-based network-level service protection schemes, such
as optical channel protection (including client 1+1 protection and intra-board 1+1 protection),
subnetwork connection protection (SNCP, including ODUk SNCP, tributary SNCP).

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NOTE

Configure protection for OTN equipment based on network needs to ensure high network reliability and
improve the disaster recovery capability of the OTN equipment.

Table 6-1 lists the network-level protection (OTN) schemes supported by the OptiX OSN
9800.
Table 6-1 Network-level protection schemes (OTN)
Protection
Scheme

Description

Client 1+1
protection

Protects services against faults on optical transponder units (OTUs) and


OCh fiber disconnections using the dual feeding and selective receiving
function of the OLP/DCP/QCP board.

Intra-board
1+1 protection

Protects OCh fibers using diverse routing and the dual feeding and
selective receiving function of OLP/DCP/QCP board.

LPT

Detects and reports faults at the service access points and on intermediate
networks. It also helps data communication equipment, such as routers,
switch to the backup network in a timely manner. By doing so, normal
transmission of important services can be remained even when the link is
faulty.

Optical Line
Protection

It uses the dual fed and selective receiving function of the OLP board to
protect line fibers between adjacent stations by using diverse routing.

ODUk SNCP

Protects services against line board faults and OCh fiber disconnections
using the dual feeding and selective receiving function of electrical-layer
cross-connections. The OptiX OSN 9800 supports ODUk SNCP
protection.

Tributary
SNCP

Protects SDH/SONET or OTN services that a tributary board receives


using the dual feeding and selective receiving function of electrical-layer
cross-connections.

SW SNCP
Protection

In the case of the OptiX OSN 9800, SW SNCP uses intra-board crossconnections on the TOM board to implement the dual fed and selective
receiving function. In this manner, SW SNCP protects the TOM OCh
fiber. The cross-connect granularity is GE or Any service.

6.6.2 Network Level Protection (Packet)


The Huawei WDM equipment provides a series of network-level Ethernet protection schemes
for packet-based transmissions, including such as pseudo-wire automatic protection switching
(PW APS), Tunnel APS, and link aggregation group (LAG).
The OptiX OSN 9800 provides various types of network level protection (packet), as listed in
Table 6-2.

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Table 6-2 Network Level Protection (Packet)


Protection

Description

ERPS

Ethernet ring protection switching (ERPS) is applicable to ring physical


networks. ERPS protects Ethernet services on an Ethernet ring network.

LAG

The LAG aggregates multiple physical links to form a logical link that is
at a higher rate. Link aggregation functions between adjacent equipment.
Hence, link aggregation is not related to the architecture of the entire
network. Link aggregation is also called port aggregation because each
link corresponds to a port on an Ethernet.

MC-LAG

Multi-chassis link aggregation group (MC-LAG) allows links of multiple


NEs to be aggregated to form a link aggregation group (LAG). When a
link or an NE fails, MC-LAG automatically switches services to another
available link in the same LAG.

LMSP

The Linear Multiplex Section Protection (LMSP) scheme is applicable to


a point-to-point physical network, providing MS-layer protection for the
service between two points.

MC-LMSP

The multi-chassis linear multiplex section protection (MC-LMSP)


supports that the working channel and protection channel of the LMSP
are configured on different devices to achieve protection for AC-side
links between devices.

MRPS

Currently, transmission systems usually adopt ring topologies. MPLS-TP


ring protection switching (MRPS) implements rapid protection switching
in link/node failures and therefore ensures high service quality.

PW APS

As network-level protection, PW APS uses a protection PW to protect the


working PW, and helps prevent service interruptions resulting from the
working PW failure.

MC-PW APS

Multi-chassis PW APS (MC-PW APS) supports configuration of the


working and protection PWs on different devices to implement interdevice PW protection.

Tunnel APS

As a network protection scheme, tunnel APS uses a protection tunnel to


protect the working tunnel and prevent service interruptions in case of the
working tunnel failures. Tunnel APS is available in two types: Tunnel
APS 1:1 and 1+1.

6.6.3 Network Level Protection (OCS)


The Huawei WDM equipment supports a series of OCS-based network-level protection
schemes, including linear multiplex section protection (LMSP) and subnetwork connection
protection (SNCP).
The OptiX OSN 9800 provides various types of network level protection (OCS), as listed in
Table 6-3.

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Table 6-3 Network Level Protection (OCS)


Protection

Description

LMSP

The Linear Multiplex Section Protection (LMSP) scheme is applicable to


a point-to-point physical network, providing MS-layer protection for the
service between two points.

SNCP

The sub-network connection protection (SNCP) scheme protects the


service that is across subnets. The SNCP is based on the dual fed and
selective receiving mechanism. The subnet can be a chain, a ring, or a
more complex network.

6.6.4 OptiX OSN 9800 U64/U32/U16 Equipment-Level


Redundancy
Equipment-level redundancy includes power redundancy, fan redundancy, cross-connect
board redundancy, and system control board redundancy.
Table 6-4 lists the equipment-level redundancy supported by the OptiX OSN 9800 U64/U32/
U16.
Table 6-4 Equipment-level redundancy
Protection Scheme

Description

Power redundancy

Two PIU boards in hot backup mode supply power at the same
time to one subrack. If one PIU board fails, the other board will
continue to supply power to ensure that the subrack remains fully
functional.

Fan redundancy

If a fan in a fan tray assembly fails, the system can remain


operational for 96 consecutive hours in environments where
temperatures range between 0C to 40C (32F to 104F).

XCS Board
Redundancy

The cross-connect board uses the M:N backup policy. The


working and protection cross-connect boards in a subrack connect
to all other boards through the backplane bus to protect crossconnection services.

Communication
Control and Clock
Processing Unit
Redundancy

Two system control boards (CTUs) can be configured for 1+1


backup. The active and standby CTU boards in a subrack connect
to all other boards through the backplane bus to provide the
following functions:
l NE database management
l Inter-board communication
l Inter-subrack communication
l Overhead management

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6.6.5 OptiX OSN 9800 Universal Platform Subrack EquipmentLevel Redundancy


Equipment-level redundancy includes power redundancy, fan redundancy and system control
and communication board redundancy.
Table 6-5 lists the equipment-level redundancy protection provided by the OptiX OSN 9800
universal platform subrack.
Table 6-5 Equipment-level redundancy
Protection Scheme

Description

Power redundancy

Two PIU boards in hot backup mode supply power at the


same time to one subrack. If one PIU board fails, the other
board will continue to supply power to ensure that the
subrack remains fully functional.

Fan redundancy

If a fan in a fan tray assembly fails, the system can remain


operational for 96 consecutive hours in environments where
temperatures range between 0C to 40C (32F to 104F).

System control board


redundancy

Two system control boards (SCCs) can be configured for 1+1


backup. The active and standby SCC boards in a subrack
connect to all other boards through the backplane bus to
provide the following functions:
l NE database management
l Inter-board communication
l Inter-subrack communication
l Overhead management

6.7 Automatic Optical Power Management


The OptiX OSN 9800 provides multiple automatic optical power management functions, as
listed in Table 6-6.
Table 6-6 Automatic optical power management functions

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Functi
on

Description

ALS

After the automatic laser shutdown (ALS) function is enabled on a tributary or


line board, the board shuts down the laser in the transmit direction when it
receives no optical signals from the upstream board. The board re-enables the
laser when it receives optical signals. This function prevents injuries caused by
lasers and prolongs the life of a laser by decreasing the working time of the
laser.

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Functi
on

Description

AGC

The automatic gain control (AGC) function ensures that channel gain is not
affected when wavelengths are added or dropped or when there is optical power
fluctuation in the WDM system. This function guarantees normal service
running in the WDM system.

ALC

Optical fiber aging, optical connector aging, multiple wavelengths added or


dropped simultaneously or other optical power changes are factors that may lead
to abnormal loss on the line. When this occurs, line loss is changed, the optical
signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) of the system is degraded. To minimize such
influence, the automatic level control (ALC) function automatically adjusts the
output power of optical amplifiers in the link according to the line loss change.
When the line loss changes, the output power of it will remain unchanged.

APE

The automatic power equilibrium (APE) function automatically detects and


adjusts the optical power along channels on WDM-side ports to ensure the
required channel optical power flatness. If the channel optical power varies and
flatness is not maintained to a specified requirement, the OSNR of the optical
transmission line will deteriorate, which will degrade and possibly interrupt the
communication.

IPA

Optical amplifiers (OAs) output high optical power. If a fiber connecting to an


OA is cut, the OA keeps emitting light with high optical power if the laser on the
amplifier is not shut down. The intense light at the open fiber may cause injuries
to maintenance personnel during fiber maintenance. To prevent personal
injuries, the intelligent power adjustment (IPA) function shuts down lasers on
the affected OAs when a fiber cut occurs.

IPA of
Raman
system

The LINE optical port on the CRPC board outputs high-power pump light. To
prevent injuries associated with lasers, especially eye damage caused by laser
radiation, the IPA function shuts down lasers on Raman amplifiers when a line
fault occurs.

6.8 ASON Feature


Automatically switched optical network (ASON) is a new generation of the optical
transmission network. The ASON software developed by Huawei can be applied to the OptiX
OSN equipment to enable the evolution from a legacy transmission network to an ASON
network. Such evolution complies with the ITU and IETF ASON/GMPLS-related standards.
ASON enhances the network connection management and recovery capabilities by
introducing signaling to the transmission network and providing a control plane. It enables the
system to provide wavelength-level ASON services at the optical layer and ODUk level
ASON services at the electrical layer, and also achieves end-to-end service configuration and
service level agreement (SLA). As shown in the Figure 6-9, in a mesh network, a service
from the source node A to the sink node G can be transmitted along three paths: D1 (A-B-FG), D2 (A-D-G), and D3 (A-E-H-G). If a fault occurs between nodes A and B, or if the D1
path is unavailable, the service can be sent to the sink node along path D2 or D3 using ASON
techniques.
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Figure 6-9 Example of service protection in an ASON network

ASON features include:


l

For OTN network, supports the automatic adjustment of wavelengths during rerouting or
optimization, which solves the wavelength conflict problem.

Wavelengths can be automatically allocated for newly created services.

Automatic end-to-end service configuration

Automatic topology discovery

Enhanced network survivability thanks to mesh networking

Service protection based on service level

Optimal arrangement of network resources thanks to traffic engineering and dynamic


adjustment of logical network topologies in real time, based on service demands on the
client layer

Various route selection strategies, making the network controllable and reliable

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7 Operation and Maintenance

Operation and Maintenance

About This Chapter


Table 7-1 describes the operation and maintenance functions supported by the OptiX OSN
9800.
Table 7-1 Operation and maintenance functions

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Item

Description

End-to-end
service
configuration

The OptiX OSN 9800 supports end-to-end OTN service configurations


management, which simplifies the configuration process, shortens
network deployment time, and implements automatic management of a
network.

Alarms and
performance
monitoring

The OptiX OSN 9800 provides various alarms and performance events,
which enables the user to implement administration and maintenance.

Loopback

Loopbacks verify a service on a segment-by-segment basis, providing


an effective means of troubleshooting a network.

PRBS test

A board that supports the pseudo random binary sequence (PRBS) test
function is equivalent to a simple tester that transmits data to itself. The
user can perform a PRBS test during deployment or fault location to
determine if a service channel is faulty without using a tester.

Test frame

A test frame is a data packet that is used to test connectivity of a


network that bears Ethernet services. If a test instrument is unavailable
on site, test frames help users to check network connectivity.

Tunable
wavelengths

The OptiX OSN 9800 provides wavelength-tunable line boards that


carry 10 Gbit/s, 40 Gbit/s, or 100 Gbit/s signals.

Jitter
suppression
function

The OptiX OSN 9800 maximizes jitter suppression by placing a jitter


suppression unit between the optical receive module and the optical
transmit module on its optical transponder units (OTUs).

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Item

Description

Hot patch

Hot patches fix a known defect or apply a new requirement without


shutting down and restarting the OptiX OSN 9800. After a hot patch is
loaded, the old codes are replaced with new codes.

Software
Package
Loading and
Software
Package
Diffusion

The OptiX OSN 9800 supports software package loading, simplifying


software upgrade operations. The user can load, activate, and manage
NE-level software in a centralized manner. In addition, the system
supports software package diffusion mode, which provides for high
package loading efficiency.

Orderwire
Function

The orderwire provides voice communication for the operation


engineers or maintenance engineers at different stations.

One-click data
collection

The user can use the one-click data collection function to collect fault
and performance data of faulty equipment at one time.

NE Data
Backup and
Restoration

You need to back up important NE data during daily maintenance. This


ensures that the system control board of the NE automatically restores
to normal operation after the NE data in the system control board is lost
or a power failure occurs on the equipment.

Bandwidth
management

The network management system (NMS) provides visual bandwidth


management. It monitors bandwidth and generates a warning when
detecting resource insufficiency. Upon receiving the warning, the user
can deploy resources and build a bandwidth pool to speed up service
provisioning.

Power Supply
Management

The OptiX OSN 9800 uses an intelligent power supply pool and
supports visualized power consumption management, enabling ondemand power capacity expansion.

Ethernet Port
OAM

Ethernet port OAM, also called Ethernet in the first mile, EFM, or ETHOAM(IEEE 802.3ah), focuses on point-to-point maintenance of
Ethernet links between two directly-connected devices in the last mile.
Ethernet port OAM is not applicable to services. Working with Ethernet
service OAM that applies to end-to-end Ethernet services, Ethernet port
OAM provides complete Ethernet OAM solutions.

Ethernet Service
OAM

Ethernet service OAM, also called connectivity fault management


(CFM), focuses on E2E maintenance of Ethernet links. Ethernet service
OAM detects service information and manages individual network
segments that a service traverses by checking each maintenance
domain. Working with Ethernet port OAM, Ethernet service OAM
provides complete Ethernet OAM solutions.

MPLS OAM

As the key bearer technology of the scalable next-generation network,


Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) can provide multiple services
with guaranteed QoS. Faults at the MPLS network layer, however,
cannot be rectified through the OAM mechanism of other layers.
Therefore, the MPLS network urgently requires OAM capabilities. This
document describes MPLS OAM that applies to the OAM of the MPLS
network.

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Item

Description

MPLS-TP OAM

Operation, administration and management (OAM) is used for


maintenance and management of MPLS-TP networks. It detects,
identifies, and locates faults on an MPLS-TP network and triggers
protection switching in case of a link fault, reducing network
maintenance costs.

Optical Doctor
System

The Optical Doctor (OD) system supports one-click configuration for


monitoring optical-layer performance. Specifically, it performs online
OSNR monitoring, performance monitoring, and performance
optimization for 10G, 40G, and 100G wavelengths.

Fiber Doctor
System

The fiber doctor (FD) system is used to monitor and manage line fibers
in a network. By precisely detecting the fiber connection status, the FD
system helps maintenance personnel analyze the quality of fiber
connectors and splicing points, which facilitates quick fiber issue
diagnosis.

License Control

A license granted by Huawei permits a customer to use the licensed


product within a specific use scope and for a specific duration. The
customer can also obtain the services committed by Huawei. The
licenses include: feature license, cross-connect type and cross-connect
capacity license.

7.1 Optical Doctor System


Huawei OTN equipment supports the Optical Doctor (OD) system. The OD system provides
for intelligent end-to-end, refined, and digital management of the optical layer on a WDM
network. Through centralized configuration for optical-layer parameters, the OD system
supports automatic monitoring, analysis, commissioning, and optimization of network
performance.
7.2 Fiber Doctor System
The fiber doctor (FD) system is used to monitor and manage line fibers in a network. By
precisely detecting the fiber connection status, the FD system helps maintenance personnel
analyze the quality of fiber connectors and splicing points, which facilitates quick fiber issue
diagnosis.

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7.1 Optical Doctor System


Huawei OTN equipment supports the Optical Doctor (OD) system. The OD system provides
for intelligent end-to-end, refined, and digital management of the optical layer on a WDM
network. Through centralized configuration for optical-layer parameters, the OD system
supports automatic monitoring, analysis, commissioning, and optimization of network
performance.

Functions of the OD System


The OD system supports online OSNR monitoring for 40G, 100G, 200G and 400G
wavelengths, making the OSNR monitoring of 40G, 100G, 200G and 400G wavelengths as
convenient as that of 10G wavelengths. This greatly facilitates routine maintenance and
makes it easy to upgrade 10G networks to 40G/100G/400G networks.
Figure 7-1 Online OSNR monitoring using the OD system

The online OSNR monitoring provided by the OD system has the following features:
l

Simple operations
The OSNR monitoring function is integrated into the U2000. It can be performed by
directly operating the U2000. The virtual meter provides graphical display of the
monitored OSNR information, without using other auxiliary devices or complex
operations.

High detection precision


The detection precision is better than that of traditional 10G OSNR detection.

Wide range of monitored wavelengths


Online OSNR monitoring is applicable to 10G, 40G, 100G, 200G and 400G
wavelengths, making the OSNR monitoring of all wavelengths at any type of site.

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In addition, the OD system can be used to perform O&M of the optical layer on a WDM
network, as described below.
Figure 7-2 O&M of the optical layer on a WDM network

Centralized configuration for network-wide monitoring


The OD system supports centralized configuration for optical-layer performance
monitoring parameters, greatly saving labor costs.

Automatic monitoring of optical-layer performance


The OD system can automatically monitor network-wide optical-layer performance
without using any meters. It can automatically detect the channels with abnormal
performance.

Automatic optimization of optical-layer performance


Based on the performance data of each channel, the OD system can automatically adjust
the optical power of each channel so that the channel works in the optimal state.

End-to-end (E2E) graphical display of optical-layer performance data


The OD system graphically displays link performance, facilitating status query and fault
isolation.

To sum up, the OD system can achieve OSNR monitoring of high-rate WDM networks, quick
monitoring deployment, monitoring, optimization, and analysis of E2E optical-layer
performance. It improves wavelength-level optical-layer O&M capabilities and provides
services along the lifecycle of WDM networks, simplifying the network O&M and saving the
operating expense (OPEX).

7.2 Fiber Doctor System


The fiber doctor (FD) system is used to monitor and manage line fibers in a network. By
precisely detecting the fiber connection status, the FD system helps maintenance personnel
analyze the quality of fiber connectors and splicing points, which facilitates quick fiber issue
diagnosis.
In a WDM system, fiber issues, such as fiber aging, fiber damages, fiber coiling, large-radius
bending, and large pulling stress, may cause large fiber attenuation and high BERs that will
consequently impair network operating.
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In addition to fault diagnosis, traditional optical time domain reflectometers (OTDRs) can be
used to measure the fiber length, attenuation introduced in fiber transmission, and fiber
connector attenuation. OTDRs are therefore widely used in the fiber engineering and network
deployment phases.
Figure 7-3 Schematic diagram of the OTDR detection application

Fiber performance testing is classified into acceptance testing and maintenance testing based
on the test implementation phase. Acceptance testing is performed when links are offline.
With the wide application of fibers, maintenance testing has become a vital and usual part of
the process. Regularly performed maintenance testing helps detect the fiber performance in a
network in a timely manner. If traditional OTDRs are used to perform fiber performance
testing, the testing needs to be performed on site and services need to be interrupted.
Online fiber status detection methods that can achieve remote, online, accurate, and quick
fiber status detection are necessary to improve maintenance efficiency and reduce
maintenance costs.

Line Fiber Quality Monitoring Function of the FD System


Using built-in probe lasers on the TN12RAU1, TN12RAU2, TN11SRAU, TN51RPC, or
TN12ST2 board to emit probe light, the FD system detects insertion loss changes and change
occurring positions in fibers based on the Rayleigh scattering and Fresnel reflection
principles. The FD system then reports the detected data to the NMS to implement the
following functions:
l

Provide visualized OTDR meter-like GUIs on the NMS.

Support remote monitoring of fiber quality.

Support quality detection for fibers within different length ranges based on the
monitoring mode and detection parameter settings.

Save and compare historical detection results.

View the length and attenuation of the specific fiber span on the entire network.

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Figure 7-4 Schematic diagram of the FD detection application

The line fiber quality monitoring function of the FD system helps maintenance personnel
quickly discover and rectify fiber quality issues, ensuring normal network operations.

Application Scenario of the Line Fiber Quality Monitoring Function


Table 7-2 Application scenario of the line fiber quality monitoring function
Board Type

Scenario

TN12RAU1/
TN12RAU2/
TN11SRAU/
TN51RPC

This board is mainly used to ensure that the Raman pump laser is properly
started. It provides the following functions:
l Locates fault points when the fiber connection detection results are
abnormal. The fiber connection detection can be performed using the
FCD button on the front panel of the TN12RAU1, TN12RAU2,
TN11SRAU, TN51RPC, or TN12ST2 board in the fiber connection
verification phase during hardware installation.
l Checks fiber quality before deployment commissioning.
l Locates fault points when the Raman laser cannot be turned on and a
LASER_OPEN_FAIL alarm is reported.
l Checks fiber health status at any time during network operations.
l Analyzes whether a fiber quality issue occurs when the Raman gain is
excessively low and an OA_LOW_GAIN alarm is reported.
l Locates fault points when a fiber cut occurs and a MUT_LOS alarm is
reported, or verifies fiber recovery status after a fiber cut is removed.

TN12ST2

This board is mainly used for fiber quality monitoring and fault diagnosis
during O&M. It provides the following functions:
l Checks fiber quality before deployment commissioning.
l Performs real-time monitoring during network running and checks
fiber status.
l Locates fault points when a fiber cut occurs and a MUT_LOS alarm is
reported, or verifies fiber recovery status after a fiber cut is removed.

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Networking Scenarios of the Line Fiber Quality Monitoring Function


Based on the actual hardware configurations, the FD system can implement line fiber quality
monitoring in two-fiber bidirectional and single-fiber bidirectional networking scenarios.
Table 7-3 show the typical networking scenarios.
NOTE

l The TN12ST2 board can be connected to an FIU, OLSP or OLSPA/OLSPB board.


l The FIU board connected to a TN12ST2 board and its peer FIU board must be TN13FIU03, TN16FIU01,
or TN11SFIU01.
l The OLSP board connected to a TN12ST2 board and its peer OLSP board must be TN11OLSP01. The
OLSP board is used in the two-fiber bidirectional transmission scenario.
l The OLSPA/OLSPB board connected to the TN12ST2 board and the peer OLSPA/OLSPB board can be
only TN11OLSPA01 or TN11OLSPB01, and TN11OLSPA and TN11OLSPB boards must be used in
pairs. For example, if TN11OLSPA01 is used at one end of a fiber, TN11OLSPB01 must be used at the
other end of the fiber. The OLSPA/OLSPB board is used in the single-fiber bidirectional transmission
scenario.
l On a short fiber span, a fixed optical attenuator (FOA) needs to be added so that the fiber insertion loss is
greater than 15 dB, preventing a receiver overload issue. For a TN12ST2 board, the fixed optical
attenuator (FOA) can be configured only on the RM1 or RM2 port of the board rather than the TMn or
TXn port of other OSC boards.

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Table 7-3 Typical networking of the line fiber quality monitoring function
Networking
Type

Typical Networking

No protection
Figure 7-5 Networking scenario equipped with FIU and TN12RAU1/
TN12RAU2/TN11SRAU/TN51RPC

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Networking
Type

7 Operation and Maintenance

Typical Networking

Figure 7-6 Networking scenario equipped with FIU and TN12ST2 but
without a Raman board

Figure 7-7 Networking scenario equipped with FIU, TN12ST2 and


TN12RAU1/TN12RAU2/TN11SRAU/TN51RPC

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Networking
Type

7 Operation and Maintenance

Typical Networking

NOTE
In the networking scenario equipped with TN12ST2 and a Raman board, probe light
is amplified by a backward Raman board, which may affect detection data.

Figure 7-8 Networking scenario equipped with SFIU and single-fiber


bidirectional TN12ST2

NOTE
l In the single-fiber bidirectional scenario, only the fiber with an OSC channel
can be monitored and the other fiber cannot. In addition, the TN12ST2 board at
one end can be detected only after detection on the TN12ST2 board at the other
end is completed; otherwise, detection results will be affected.
l When the TN12ST2 board works on wavelength 1491 nm, it does not support
automatic detection.

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Networking
Type
1+1 optical
line protection

7 Operation and Maintenance

Typical Networking

Figure 7-9 Optical line protection (1+1 OTS trail protection, bidirectional
switching)

NOTE
In the networking shown in Figure 7-9, the EVOA that is used to adjust the optical
power difference of the working and protection OLP boards must be configured
between the receive-end FIU or SFIU and OLP boards.

Figure 7-10 Optical line protection (1+1 OMS Trail Protection and 1+1
Multi-OTS Trail Protection)

NOTE
In the networking shown in Figure 7-10, the EVOA that is used to adjust line
attenuation or optical power must be configured between the FIU or SFIU and OA
boards.

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Networking
Type
1:1 optical
line protection

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Typical Networking

Figure 7-11 Networking scenario equipped with OLSP and TN12ST2 but
without a Raman board

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Networking
Type

7 Operation and Maintenance

Typical Networking

Figure 7-12 Networking scenario equipped with OLSPA/OLSPB and


single-fiber bidirectional TN12ST2

NOTE
l In the single-fiber bidirectional scenario, only the fiber with an OSC channel
can be monitored and the other fiber cannot. In addition, the TN12ST2 board at
one end can be detected only after detection on the TN12ST2 board at the other
end is completed; otherwise, detection results will be affected.
l When the TN12ST2 board works on wavelength 1491 nm, it does not support
automatic detection.

Components of the FD System


The FD system requires the interoperation between hardware and software.
The hardware emits probe light to obtain fiber performance data, which is then uniformly
scheduled by the software. The software provides user-friendly GUIs to set detection modes
in various scenarios.
l

Hardware
The TN12RAU1, TN12RAU2, TN11SRAU, TN51RPC, or TN12ST2 boards support the
line fiber quality monitoring function. They emit probe light to obtain fiber performance
data, receive detection results, and report the obtained fiber performance data to the FD
system.

l
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The FD system is integrated on the U2000. After users issue detection commands on the
U2000, the FD system receives the performance data reported by equipment and
graphically displays the data.
The following figure shows the interoperation between the hardware and software of the FD
system.

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8 Network Management

Network Management

This topic describes the network management system (NMS), as well as inter- and intra-NE
communication management.
Figure 8-1 shows an example of a network management structure with Huawei equipment
deployed.
Figure 8-1 Network management structure

Network management involves the following:


l

NMS: U2000 and U2000 Web LCT

Inter-NE communication:

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NEs between sites A and F are interconnected with fibers and exchange information
over ESC/OSC channels using the HWECC protocol.

Some NEs at certain site (such as, NEs at site B) are interconnected with network
cables (usually when optical and electrical NEs are separate), and exchange
information over Ethernet channels (provided by NM ports on the CTU boards)
using the HWECC protocol.

NEs at sites A and C are designated as gateway NEs (GNEs) and are connected to
an external data communication network (DCN) through a switch or router to
achieve communication with the NMS. All the other NEs are designated as nonGNEs and communicate with the NMS through a GNE.

Intra-NE communication: On each optical NE at sites A to F, the master and slave


subracks implement intra-NE communication.

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