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# Joseph Murphy

S00153947

Part C

EDMA418

## Part C: Further Mathematics Modelling or Problem Solving Task

The Japanese trip was an exciting time for some of our students last year, and our exchange and
sister school programs mean that we have a lot of students and teachers from Japan visiting all
the time.
Melbourne and Tokyo international airports sit remarkably close to the same longitudinal value
Melbourne Tullamarine sits at the Co-Ordinates 374024S 1445036E and Narita
International Airport in Japan Sits at 354555N 1402308E. Adelaide Airport is even closer,
being located at 345642S 1383150E.
1. If we assume Adelaide Airport and Tokyo airport sit on the same longitudinal line of 140E,
find the approximate distance between the two airports. (3 marks)
2. Using the map of Australia, suggest how the distance between Melbourne Airport and
Adelaide airport could be calculated using the information about their co-ordinate points. (3
marks)
3. Find this measurement. (2 marks)
4. Hence, find an estimation of the distance from Melbourne to Tokyo International Airport. (2
marks)
5. Find the actual value of this measurement. Suggest reasons why it may be significantly
different to the estimation you found in question 4. (3 marks)
6. Research to find the current time differences between Melbourne, Adelaide and Japan time.
If flights to Tokyo take 10 hours from Melbourne, what time will it arrive in Japan if it leaves
Melbourne Airport at noon? Hoes does this compare to a flight from Adelaide taking the
same time leaving at noon local time? (3 marks)
7. Select any other Australian airport. Estimate using your above method the distance to Tokyo
and thus suggest whether that flight would have a longer or shorter duration. (4 marks)

Joseph Murphy
S00153947

Part C

EDMA418

## Solutions and Marking Guide

Model Solution
1. If longitudinal values are assumed to be the
same, the Narita sits at 354555N 140E and
Using the same longitudinal approach, we can find
the distance by using a great circle.

Marking Schema
1 method mark for identification of the
Great Circle approach [M].
1 method mark for correct conversion of
the [M].

## Convert DMS to Decimal Degrees, Narita at

35.7653N, Adelaide at 34.945S. This calculates to This answer would be found using the
7863km.
calculator or an online function tool for
(3 marks) calculating great circle distances.

## 2. (NB: Students would be provided with a full

page map similar to the region below sourced
from the schools atlas package the benefits of
also being a humanities teacher. This map has
been sourced from Maps of the World,
<http://www.mapsofworld.com/lat_long/austr
alia-lat-long.html#> and is used as a
demonstration only).
Students could find the difference in latitude and
longitude and use those to create a right angled
triangle, with the assumption that this area if flat
and not on the Earths sphere for estimation.

575.3 km
h

303.4 km

use of a sphere of radius 6400 km as
a model of the earth, and meridians
and parallels and their use in locating
points on the surface of the earth in
terms of latitude and longitude
(specified in decimal degrees) using
the Greenwich meridian and the
equator as reference
use of a great circle to determine the
shortest distance between two points
on the surface of the earth that have
the same longitude
1 method mark for geometric
construction on map [M].
1 Method mark for the calculation of each
of the triangle side lengths [M].
1 Method mark for the suggestion of
using Pythagoras to find the unknown
value [M].
use of a sphere of radius 6400 km as
a model of the earth, and meridians
and parallels and their use in locating
points on the surface of the earth in
terms of latitude and longitude
(specified in decimal degrees) using
the Greenwich meridian and the
equator as reference
use of a great circle to determine the
shortest distance between two points
on the surface of the earth that have
the same longitude

Joseph Murphy
S00153947

Part C

EDMA418

## Distances of two sides found using Great Circle

method as 575.3km and 303.4 km.
The distance of Melbourne to Adelaide could be
estimated using Pythagoras Theorem.
(3 marks)
3. The unknown side, named h is equal to
1 method mark for the use of Pythagoras
Theorem [M]. This could then be solved

using CAS.
km.
(2 marks) [A].
Consequential marks awarded for correct
solving of formula if values used are not
exact [H]. It is expected students should
be able to use reason to deduce whether
their solution is practical or not, i.e. close
to the actual distance of 653km.
review of the methods for solving
right and non-right-angled triangles,
including the ambiguous case of the
sine rule, and their application to
solving practical problems in two and
three dimensions
4. Using the same method as Adelaide to
Melbourne, distances to create triangle are
8166km and 402.2 km.
402.3 km

## 1 method mark for correct application of

method from last question [M].
1 answer mark for the correct estimation
[A]. consequential marks awarded for
correct use of formula with incorrect
values [H].

use of a sphere of radius 6400 km as
8166 km
a model of the earth, and meridians
and parallels and their use in locating
points on the surface of the earth in
terms of latitude and longitude
(specified in decimal degrees) using
the Greenwich meridian and the
equator as reference
H is calculated again using Pythagoras Theorem.
use of a great circle to determine the

## shortest distance between two points

on the surface of the earth that have
(2 marks)
the same longitude
review of the methods for solving
right and non-right-angled triangles,
including the ambiguous case of the
sine rule, and their application to
solving practical problems in two and
three dimensions
h

Joseph Murphy
S00153947

Part C

## 5. Actual distance Melbourne Tullamarine to

Tokyo Narita Airport is 8174km.
This value is close to the estimated value, however
the curvature of the Earth plays a role in the
inaccuracy of this measurement, as does the
assumption of a right angled triangle all lines are
actually curved.
(3 marks)
6. Melbourne is currently ahead of Tokyo by 2
hours. A flight leaving at Noon and taking 10
hours would therefore get into Japan at 8pm.
minutes. A 10 hour flight leaving Adelaide at noon
would get into Tokyo at 8:30pm.
(3 marks)

EDMA418

## 1 Method mark for finding the correct

differences and the use of this estimation
[A].
1 Method mark for finding time
differences [M].

use of 15 of longitude as equating to
a 1 hour time difference to identify
time zones, and determining travel
times of journeys that cross two or
more time zones from departure and
arrival times.
7. Construction of diagrams and information as
3 method marks awarded for correct
application of methods used throughout
1 answer mark awarded for correct and