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MATH- Chapter 2Understanding Number

Key words:

Common multiples
Prime number
Composite number
Common factors
Order of operations

Standard form
Expanded form
Written form
Positive integer
Negative integer
Opposite integers

Lesson 1: Exploring Large Numbers

-Large numbers can be represented in many ways (expanded form, in

words, or in standard form)

To help you organize and write large numbers, you can use a PLACE
It looks something like this

If you are confused on how to write a big number, start in the ones
place and write it backwards


Fit this number correctly in the place value chart 3 267 798 502
Write this number in words and in expanded form: 7 890 025
Write this number in standard form: eighty two billion, four hundred
ninety three thousand, two hundred six

Jensen 2012

Lesson 2: Numbers are all around us

When you are solving problems that involve

large numbers, estimation and rounding is a
good place to start!
Here is a rhyme to remember how to round

Practice rounding these large numbers

2 453 902
87 304 567

Lesson 3: Exploring Multiples

A multiple is a number that you find by skip counting!

Example: multiples of 4 are 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24. You could keep skip
counting forever (if you have no life!)
If a question asks you to find a common multiple, then you are looking for a
true love, E-Harmony, perfect match!

Try finding a common multiple between 3 and 8

Jensen 2012

Lesson 4: Prime and Composite Numbers
A prime number only has 2 factors: 1 and itself ex. 3
A composite number has more than 2 factors ex. 6

What about number 1?

The number 1 is neither prime or composite. It is sadly.. forever alone!

Practice: Tell me whether the numbers below are prime or composite



Lesson 5: Investigating Factors

A factor is a number that you can multiply to find a product

Example: 2 and 3 are factors of 6
When a question asks you: what is a common factor, you must once again
search for a perfect match, the E-Harmony kind

What is a perfect number?

A number is perfect when all of its factors (except itself) add up to the
Example: the factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3, and 6
1 + 2 + 3 = 6 PERFECTION!!!!!!!!

You can present factors in many


A list in order from least to

Rainbow method
Jensen 2012

In a factor tree
In a Venn diagram

Jensen 2012

The list:

A factor tree:

The rainbow method:

The Venn Diagram:

Lesson 7: Order of Operations

When you have an expression that has many operations, you need to follow
the order of operations!
Remember BEDMAS!
o Brackets
o Exponents (this doesnt happen in grade 6 yet!)
o Division
o Multiplication
o Addition
o Subtraction
1. Solve what is inside the brackets
2. Multiply and divide, in order from left to right
3. Then add and subtract in order from left to right.

32 4 (9-5)
(8 x 3) + 12 8
19 + 56 8
12 8 4

Lesson 8: What is an Integer?

An integer is a number that can be either positive or negative

A positive integer has a + sign and is above zero

A negative integer has a sign and is below zero

Opposite integers are the same distance from 0 but are on opposite sides
o Example +2 and -2 are opposite integers

Practice: write the following numbers as either positive or negative integers

Eight degrees above zero

Ten degrees below zero
Parking three levels below ground level
Twenty three meters above sea level
A loss of sixteen dollars
Taking four steps backward

Lesson 9: Comparing and Ordering Integers

When two integers are opposite signs, the positive integer will always be
When twp integers are the same sign
o If positive, the higher number is greater
o If negative, the closer to zero, the greater