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Todays Parsha #40: Balak (regarding Balak, son of Zippor)

1) In this Torah portion there is an incident that is out of chronological order and
belongs at the beginning of the book, happening on the same day as Exodus 40 and
parts of Leviticus as well. What is that incident and why is it out of order?
Its the regulation on the red heifer given in Numbers 19:1-23. Obviously the
Israelites would need this rule in place at the start of their journey and when they
were encamped at Sinai for nearly 2 years. This requirement was actually given on
the 1 Abib following the Exodus, on the day that Moshe built the Tabernacle (Exodus
40), began ordaining Aaron as sons as priests (Leviticus 1-10) and accepting
donations from Israel for dedicating the Tabernacle (Numbers 7).
However, up until now none of the key players had died, requiring Israel to be
cleansed with this procedure. Since Miriam is about to die in the very next chapter,
Moshe arranged this topic for Numbers 19, given it will be directly relevant very
2) How is one aspect of the red heifer procedure pointing to both a key early event in
Yshuas ministry and an image of his Second Coming?
BASARO BAMAYIM VETAME AD-HA-AREV (19:8) = The one who burns (the
cow) must also wash his clothes and himself with water and be unclean until evening.
A lot of things going on in this little line! First, the one who immerses himself in
water is a priest, as is Yochanan the Immerser. Second, both Yochanan and this part
of the Torah are talking about one sacrifice that can purify throughout all
generationsthe red heifer for Israel and the one who comes after the Immerser
Yshuawho will immerse with the Ruach haKodesh and with first. I also see
parallels with Yshuas immersion and the Second Coming here.
In a sense, Yshua is playing the role of sacrificial red heifer to the Immersers role of
priest. This may be why he said, Let it be so nowwe must fulfill all righteousness
when the Immerser balked at giving Yshua a mikveh. It may have been Yshuas
way of reminding the Immerser that he is the the lamb of Elohim who takes away
the sin of the world because the closest parallel to that kind of powerful sacrifice
was the red heifer. Also see 19:9 where these same ashes are used to combine with
SPRINKLING WATER. The washing of the robes also has imagery related to the
Second Coming as recorded in the book of Revelation.

3) How does one phrase in Numbers 19 inform us on one reason why he Temple cannot
have been located where the Dome of the Rock is today?
MAYIM CHAYIM (19:17) = living waterin this case from the sense that water is
flowing freely and not stored. Yshua is also drawing on this imagery when he talks
about living waters in contrast with the WELL water or still water of the Samaritan
woman. That is in part why he says in Yochanan 4: Y'shua answered and said to her,
"All who drink from these waters will thirst again. But everyone who drinks from the
waters that I give to him will not thirst forever. But those waters that I give to him
will become in him a spring of water that will spring up into life that is eternal."
(verses 13-14-AENT)
Another important point is that the Temple to Abba YHWH must be located where
the flow of the Gihon Spring (Hezekiahs Tunnel) ends and a shaft can bring the
water up for use. This command, specifying LIVING WATER, means specifically
flowing spring water as opposed to water stored in cisterns or reservoirs. The
Temple mount as most know it today is in the opposite direction from the Gihon
Spring and there isnt another water supply within 5 miles of Jerusalem.
4) Why would Abba YHWH command the Israelites to make a graven image of a
copper snake when He has forbidden just such an act elsewhere?
The snake image, once commanded by Abba YHWH in this one instance, is not an
act of paganism. Rather it is a way to visually teach the Israelites a stark lesson.
Earlier, in the Korach rebellion, Abba YHWH clearly indicated His favor rested with
Moshe and with Aaron by having Aarons staff bloom and bud. In spite of that clear
miracle though Israel continued to rebel, so snakes were sent to punish them.
The reason the copper snake was built was as a memorial to that event, and along
with that memory would be linked the fact that those who obeyed Abba YHWH were
healed of the poison from those snakes. And like Aarons staff, the copper snake was
stored for posterity to be a perpetual lesson (2 Kings 18:1-4) but it later was destroyed
by Hezekiah because it had become a pagan corruption.
5) Does Miriam die fully forgiven and restored to her former status after having been
rebuked by Abba YHWH and stricken with leprosy in Numbers 12? Why or why not?
I believe she does die fully forgiven and restored to her former high status, in large
degree because of this reference to her given later
"Indeed, I brought you up from the land of Egypt and ransomed you from the
house of slavery, and I sent before you Moses, Aaron and Miriam. (Micah 6:4

1) Meaning of this weeks Torah portion and summary of contents:

Balak refers to the man, Balak of Zippor, who was the king of Moab and a dedicated
enemy of Israel. When Balak then hears of a man named Balaam who can predict the
future and cast curses, he hires him to curse Israel. However, Balaam can truly hear
Abba YHWHs Will and Abba YHWH tells him plainly that he cant curse Israel. On
three occasions the king of Moab wants a curse against Israel but only gets blessings
for them instead. And then Balaam gives a fourth blessing on his way outone for
the proverbial road as it were.
Ironically also, Balaam disobeys Abba YHWH even as he correctly delivers the
message, for Abba YHWH doesnt want him to go to the king of Moab in the first
place. When Balaam disobeys, he gets on his donkey to make the journey, but the
donkey sees a vision of a Messenger from Abba YHWH and refuses to budge.
Balaam beats the donkey three times and then the beast protests by complaining that
she sees the Messenger barring her way. Eventually the Messenger allows Balaam to
see the king of Moab who must then abandon his plans against Israel.
1) Read Parsha (English-Numbers 22:2-25:9). This week we will read the entire

Vayar Balak ben-Tsipor et kol-asher-asah Yisra'el la-Emori.

Vayagor Moav mipeney ha'am me'od ki rav-hu vayakots Moav mipeney
beney Yisra'el.
2) Play by Play commentary where appropriate.
3) Point out key Hebrew words/terms. Color Commentary:

MOAB (22:2). Recalling Genesis, Moab is also the name of one of Lots sons, so Balak
could be descended from that line and is according to Bemidbar Rabba 20:19. Another
tradition, Sotah 47a, makes him a descendant of Ruth. In all probability both claims are
BALAK (22:2) = devastator. This king wants to devastate Israel. What is interesting to
me about the claims of his lineage is how it kind of parallels what happened to another
famous rebel: Korah. In that case, while Korah wrongly coveted the priesthood and died
for that sin, his great-great grandson Samuel was both high priest and judge over Israel
more than Korah could have ever dreamed for himself. In Balaks case, he is descended
from Abrahams brother Haran, then from Lot. But perhaps because his ancestor Moab
was the product of an illegitimate union between Lot and his eldest daughter, it could
have given rise to evil seed sometime between the time of Abraham (1952-1777 BCE)
and the time of Balak (approx.. 1407 BCE at this moment).
However, about 300 years later, towards the end of the Judges period under Eli, is the
time most likely for the story of Ruth, noting the proximity of generations between Boaz
and David. As a result, Ruth may have inherited paganism from Balak, but not his
animosity against Israel, and she broke that curse by marrying Boaz, becoming a part of
his tribe Judah and renouncing her paganism. In short, Balaks line starts righteous,
becomes evil and then after him becomes righteous again through Ruthbut those of
Moab who were NOT of Ruth remained evil.
VAYOMER MOAV EL-ZIKNEY MIDYAN (22:4) = then said Moab to the elders of
Midian. Although Moab and Midian had traditionally been enemies, they set aside their
differences and entered into a lasting alliance to present a unified front against Israel.
Like the rebellion of Korah and Dathan, these groups represent the cast-offs from the
Abrahamic line. Moab, as already stated, was from HaranAbrahams youngest brother
who didnt embrace Abba YHWH in all likelihoodand from illicit union between Lot
and his eldest daughter. Midian was derived from Keturah, Abrahams third and last wife.
It is also important to note that this Midianite group was not the same one that Jethro and
Tziporrah were derived from. Jethros other name, Reuel, is identified as a son of Esau. It
is possible this Reuel (Genesis 36:4,10) is the same person as Esaus son, but the more
likely scenario is that Reuel became a kind of priestly title (Friend of El), of which
Jethro who is third or fourth generation priest of Mount Sinai, inherited. When Esau
married Basemath, he transferred her entire tribe, the Kenizzites, from Canaan to Mount
Seir in Edom (Genesis 36:6-8).
PETHOR (22:6) = Pethor means opening, and in this case it refers to an opening of
prophecy and revelation. According to the Greek historian Strabo, Pethor was a place
where the Magi gathered to reveal visions. These Magi are Zoroastrian priests, some of
whom were converted to follow Abba YHWH by the prophet Daniel and of course the
visitors who brought gold, frankincense and myrrh to the infant Yshua were also Magi.
This is a town in ancient Mesopotamia, on the west back of the Euphrates River.
Euphrates also is from this same root, PTAHA, to open. The town itself is very near

ancient Carchemish, which was the site of a critical battle that restored Babylon to power
and elevated its commander, Nebuchadnezzar, to be their king, in 606 BCE.
ARAR (22:6) = to curse, but more literally to bind. Balak wants his wishes for Israels
doom BOUND to the words of Balaam.
BARAK (22:6) = bless, but also, to kneel. To get the blessings we must be humble and
kneeling to Abba YHWH, both figuratively and literally.
UKSAMIM BEYADAM (22:7) = Literally: with divinations in their hands, which
may be suggesting the use of some kind of magical instruments.
SAREY MOAV IM BILAM (22:8) = and the Moabite leaders (literally princes)
remained with Balaam. However, the Midianites did not remain. They seem to have
departed shortly after the Moabites began negotiating for them. This may be a sign of
trust between them i.e. that Moab has Midians best interests at heart or they may have
been frustrated with their new allies and just left for a time. The text is unclear as to
which scenario was the case.
VAYICHAR APH ELOHIM (22:22) = And Elohim displayed anger. The question is
sometimes asked, why is Abba YHWH angry when He already gave permission for
Balaam to go with the Moabite leaders? The answer is that Balaam, as a prophet, surely
knows that Israel is protected and would therefore know the prophetic utterances of
Abraham and Moshe regarding I will bless those who bless you and curse those who
curse you and I will be an enemy to your enemies.
In other words, this is another test. Just like with the spies in Numbers 13-14 where
Moshe should have tested Abba YHWH and reminded Him of previous statements that
contradicted the need to spy out the land (It was already good, it was given into their
hands, etc.) so too Balaam should have said: But havent You already said we cant
curse Israel? Balaam didnt do thathe only saw the prospect of a big pay day. More
on this in the Torah Thought for the Week!
VAYAAMOD ET-MALACH YAHWEH BE-MISHOL (22:24) = and the Messenger of
Yahweh stood in a narrow path. MISHOL, narrow path, is of course a synonym for the
phrase QITIYN AWRKHA in Yshuas Aramaic, which is rendered in Matthew 7:14
more fully as QITIYN TAREA WALIYTZA AWRKHA (narrow is the door and straight
is the path). This opens up the possibility that this unnamed Messenger is in fact Yshua
standing in the path of Balaam.
If so, it would explain another aspect to this encounter, because Abba YHWH had sent
this same messenger, namely His Son Yshua, to guard their ways and proclaim I will
be an enemy to your enemies (Exodus 23:22). Therefore, it makes sense that Yshua
would come back again and reinforce that message, while at the same time
foreshadowing something he will later articulate directly during the Sermon on the

Mount, narrow is the door and straight is the path that leads to life, and few find it. See
the Hebrew letters of that Aramaic phrase below:

Finally it should be noted that the rabbis define narrow path as one that only one man
at a time can enter (Radak, Sherashim)doesnt present a promising image for the road
to life Yshua is talking about.
VAYIFTACH YAHWEH ET-PI HAATON (22:28) = And YHWH opened the mouth of
the she-donkey. It is possible that Abba YHWH gave the animal the gift of speech
temporarily or that a Messenger is speaking through the beast. Possibly this is the same
Messenger that Balaam will later see in front of him (22:31). Note the word YIPHTACH
will become the proper name of a judge, Jepthah the Gileadite.
BILAM IM-SAREY VALAK (22:35) = And the Messenger of Yahweh said to Balaam:
Go with these men but do not say anything other than the exact words that I declare to
you. It is at this point that the tables have in a sense turned to Abba YHWHs advantage.
Before, had Balaam stuck to his guns, Abba YHWHs glory would have been magnified
in the site of Midian and Moab, because Balaam told them Abba YHWH had forbidden
the journey. But because the Moabites and Midianites didnt get the memo, now Abba
YHWH is going to use Balaam to teach them directly, this time by having Balaam show
up per their request but refuse to curse Israel.
IR MOAV (22:36) = city of Moab, not the country but probably it is their capital city of
KABAD (22:37) = honor, but literally to give weight to. This is the same word for
HONOR your father and mother. We HONOR people by giving weight, or, to put it in
more modern speech, to pay attention to them.
SHEFI (23:3) = a barren hill is the reading in most translations. However,
uses the word SHEFI as a verb meaning to meditate. Stone Tanakh also goes in this
direction with he went alone, and not referencing an isolated peak. In Aramaic though
SHEFI does refer to an isolated, barren caravan track. Whatever the case may be, if the
place is isolated enough and since Balaam was trying to inquire after Elohim there,
some form of meditation or prayer may be implied in that process.
ZAAM (23:8) = also means curse generally but to do so with indignation specifically.
This word is suggestive of angry speech and sounds like the roar of a camel according to
Brown Driver Briggs.
MI MANAH APHAR YAAKOV (23:10) = Who can count the dust of Jacob? Who
indeedhowever what Balaam is seeing with his own eyes was prophesied to Abraham

in Genesis 13:16. Abrahams descendants are like dust or sandand the fact that we are
going through Jacobs line proves this is relating to Abraham through Isaac, not Ishmael.
SEDEH TSOFIM (23:14) = Literally: Field of Seers/Watchers. A seer is different from
a prophet in that a seer also has the ability not just to speak for Elohim but to understand
the actual message and even predict the future. Daniel and Ezekiel, by strict definition,
were seers rather than prophets. However, the term seer also implies the functionality
of a prophet but with extra abilities.
EL (23:19) = simplified form of ELOHIM and the oldest form of this title. We can trace
it back to 5000 year old paleo Hebrew inscriptions in the copper mines of Sinai saying
EL save me. The root of the word also means power and it was used generically for
the names of false deities throughout the Middle East in one form or another. By using
EL here, Abba YHWH may be trying to speak through Balaam to speak back to Balak
that whatever he thinks the most sacred form of something is via his Moabite heresy,
even the generic name EL leads back to Abba YHWH!
NACHAM (23:19) = to be sorry or change his mind. But this raises an intriguing
Numbers 23:19 says YHWH is not a man that He should lie, nor a Son of Man, that He
should change His mind. How do we reconcile this line with the idea that Yshua, who
is the Son of Man, is also YHWH, when Abba YHWH is NOT a Son of Man?
The answer is simply that the Son is not the Father. When Yshua prays, he is not talking
to himself but is talking to His Father from the depths of Yshuas humanity.
While Yshua is the Word made flesh and that Word came out of YHWHs mouth (He
was Elohim and was with Elohim), the human form also has a human, mortal nefesh or
soul, and Yshua says that part of him can and must die for the sake of humanity. The
human side of him (there is a divine side as well) is the Son of Man; but the Word part of
him comes from his Father and by definition is not a Son of Man.
QESEM (23:23) = divination, but also can be an object used for divination.
NEUM (24:4) = oracle, but more literally, prophetic utterance. This verse though
defines the terms simply as words of El, which is the form it appears in Romans 3:1,
What advantage has the Jew? Much in every way for they have been entrusted with the
oracles of Elohim.
UGLUY EYNAHIM (24:4) = uncovered eyes. This is a great metaphor for mystical
vision. Ironically though, in one of the most famous stories about Jewish mysticism, we
see the virtue of closing ones eyes. The story goes that 4 rabbis were given a tour of the
heavens, but only 1 returned back to earth sane while the other 3 went mad. The one who
was fine, Akiva, covered his eyes rather than beholding the heavenly majesty. Also

GLUY is from GELA, to reveal which is where we get the term GALILEE and the
Aramaic name for the book of GILYANA (Revelation).

(24:5)'How good are your tents, Jacob, your tabernacles, Israel.

Mah-tovu ohaleycha Ya'akov mishkenoteycha Yisra'el.
(See the Special Teaching on this!)
VARUCH VEORAYCHA ARUR (24::9) = (Israel) crouches like a lion, like an
awesome lion, who will dare wake him? Those who bless you are blessed and those who
curse you are cursed. This is an important clarification of Abrahams blessings given in
Genesis. Although all of Abrahams seed will prosper to some degree, the specific
injunction that those who bless that line are blessed and those who curse that line are
cursed applies ONLY to Isaacs descendants, because here it is only extended through
Jacob, not Esau. While this line does not say Israel it is clear Israel or Jacob is the
subject of the discussion (24:5-9), starting with his tents. Furthermore, the use of a LION
for ALL OF ISRAEL is a hint that Judah rules (Genesis 49:11), but only in the sense that
the true king (David) and Messiah Yshua are from that tribe.
Note on Numbers 24:17: 'I see it, but not now; I perceive it, but not in the near future. A
star shall go forth from Jacob, and a staff shall arise in Israel, crushing all of Moab's
princes, and dominating all of Seth's descendants.
Since Seth is the ancestor of Noah, this means all of mankinds descendants are included
in the domination of Yaakov, not Israel alone. This can only refer to Yshua, who has
eternal and universal dominion in a way not even David did. (See the Special Teaching
on this!)
VAYAR ET-HAKEYNI (24:21) = and when he saw the Kenites. Probably the ancestor
of Jethro, high priest of Midian and father in law to Moshe. See Judges 1:16. Jethro was
descended from Esau, as we saw earlier, but his Kenite blood came from Esaus wife
KITTIM (24:24) = a son of Yavan living in the general direction of the coastal
Mediterranean. Later this term would be applied to the Romans and sometimes indirectly
to the Greeks as well.
MOAV (25:1) = And as Israel was staying at Shittim, they began to behave immorally
with the Moabite girls. Although the main sin was with the Midianite women, it seems
the carnality started at the initiation of the Moabite girls.
TZAMAD (25:3) = joined in. Not just in the ceremonies but physically, in carnal union
with the women. To have sex with a Baal prostitute was considered an act of allegiance
to that deity. Granted however these girls are not called QEDESHA (temple prostitutes)
but simply women. Nevertheless, with the pagan festival going on (25:2), the net effect

of Israel participating in the ritual and having sex with the Midianite girls was the same,
thus incensing Abba YHWH to bring on the plague.
HOKA (25:4) = Impale-in Hebrew, from the root yaka. Related to taka, to impale. Or,
'hang' (Sanhedrin 34b; Rashi); 'kill' (Targum); or, 'judge' (Septuagint). This is key
because to impale Yshua, to pierce his hands, feet and side, is in a sense to hang him on
a tree.
NOTE-The proof that Balaam was not righteous as some have alleged is two-fold. First,
the Messenger was sent to rebuke him. Second, we have this:
The sons of Israel also killed Balaam the son of Beor, the diviner, with the sword
among the rest of their slain. (Joshua 13:22 NAU)
This is also an important chronological clue that relates to Joshuas time. Shortly after
Balaam was killed, Caleb was reminiscing that he was 40 years old when he went to spy
out the land but was now 85 years old when he inherits (Joshua 14:7-10). That puts
Balaams death just prior to 1400 BCE, at which time Joshua has been reigning for just 6
years after Moshes death, and 5 years after Jericho. The remaining chapters of Joshua
(15-24) deal with the remaining 44 years of Joshuas life and rule.
For a great Apologetix parody that teaches this parsha, please see Donkey
Talked With Him here:
Torah Question of the Week:
How is the fierce anger in Numbers 25:4 directly related to the miracle of the
parting of the Sea of Reeds? (No, its not that Abba YHWH was fiercely angry at
the Egyptian host.)


Torah Question of the Week:
How is the fierce anger in Numbers 25:4 directly related to the miracle of the
parting of the Sea of Reeds? (No, its not that Abba YHWH was fiercely angry at
the Egyptian host.)
The Hebrew term for fierce anger in Numbers 25:4 is APH, but this word also means
nostril because it is typical to snort when angry. In Exodus 15:8 we are told that Abba
YHWH parted the Sea of Reeds with a blast from His nostrils. The adjective fierce is
another word, CHARON, which means to burn.
Special Study:
A Star Shall Come Out of Yaakov
(Or, How Goodly is Your Tabernacle of the Sun, Yaakov)
I see Him, but not now; I observe Him, but not near. A Star shall come out of
Yaaqob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Yisral, and shall smite the corners of
Moab, and shall destroy all the sons of Shth. (Numbers 24:17-The Scriptures 1998)
Last week we explored I hope some interesting astronomical connections with the
walking dedicated men of the Tanakh who seemed to have special insights and training
while spending long periods of time absorbing what I can only describe in both senses of
the word as heavenly information.
We saw, for example, how the trees in Eden mimicked the solar year and how the math
regarding intervals between the numbers of days of the solar year (365), the time between
equinoxes (187) and the mathematical half of the 364 day practical year (182) were
encoded in the section of Genesis about Enoch, his son and his grandson.
We also saw how Abraham was designated as the father of the stars because his
descendants were compared to that, how Isaac represented the horizon at 180 degrees by
dying at age 180 and now its time to talk about Jacob, who is specifically called a star by
Balaam in this weeks parsha.
The first and most relevant question to ask about the star coming out of Yaakov is of
course, which star is he meant to represent? I believe the patriarch himself gives the
answer to that question directly here:
Yoseph dreamed a dream, and he told it to his brothers, and they hated him all the
more. He said to them, "Please hear this dream which I have dreamed: for
behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and behold, my sheaf arose and also
stood upright; and behold, your sheaves came around, and bowed down to my


His brothers said to him, "Will you indeed reign over us? Or will you indeed have
dominion over us?" They hated him all the more for his dreams and for his words.
He dreamed yet another dream, and told it to his brothers, and said, "Behold, I
have dreamed yet another dream: and behold, the sun and the moon and eleven
stars bowed down to me."
He told it to his father and to his brothers. His father rebuked him, and said
to him, "What is this dream that you have dreamed? Will I and your
mother1 and your brothers indeed come to bow ourselves down to you to the
His brothers envied him, but his father kept this saying in mind. (Genesis 37:5-11,
AESV Torah)
Therefore the star of Jacob is actually the sun, because this dream that Jacob himself
interprets puts himself, Rachel and his sons as the sun, moon and stars respectively.
It is also significant I think, and worth making the point again, that these were individual
stars and not constellations that Joseph dreamed about because Abba YHWH did not
want the patterns in the sky to be turned into the images of false deities.
As a result, it was the brightest stars in each Zodiac constellation and not the constellation
itself as a whole that pointed to the 30 degrees of dark space, and this dark space in turn
represented the heavenly inheritance of the 12 tribes of Israel.
But what can we tell of Jacob as representing the sun and how did this help the Hebrews
keep track of time? Well first lets see how Abba YHWHs covenant with the universe is
directly related with His covenant to Jacobs sons:
See, the days are coming, declares , when I shall establish the good word
which I have promised to the house of Yisral and to the house of Yehudah: In
those days and at that time I cause a Branch of righteousness to spring forth for
Dawid. And He shall do right-ruling and righteousness in the earth.

One interesting possibility is worth noting. It is possible that Jacob slightly misinterpreted Josephs
dream because of his great love for Rachel. If Jacobs story teaches us anything it is regarding the danger
in playing favorites amongst family members. The nation of Israel actually had 4 mothers, and so if each of
Jacobs sons is represented by a star, it stands to reason that each mother would be somehow
representing the moon. Leah is the eldest daughter of Laban, the first to marry Jacob, the first to bear
children for Jacob and the one who bore more sons than anyone else. For all those reasons and more,
since Leah is the beginning of Jacobs strength, it makes sense she represents the beginning of the lunar
month. Equally certain I believe is the identification of the full moon with Rachel. Renown for her great
beauty, the full moon is compared to the glow of a lovely womans skin (Song of Songs 6:10), and Jacobs
great love for her literally eclipses all the others. The two remaining mothers, Bilhah and Zilpah are really
concubines or half wives and so it seems logical to have them represent the two half-moons of the
month we call 1 quarter and Last Quarter.


In those days Yehudah shall be saved, and Yerushalayim dwell in safety. And
this is that which shall be proclaimed to her: our Righteousness. For thus
said , For Dawid there is not to cease a man to sit on the throne of the house
of Yisral. And for the priests, the Lwites, there is not to cease a man to
offer burnt offerings before Me, to kindle grain offerings, and to slaughter
And the word of came to Yirmeyahu, saying, Thus said , If you
could break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, so
that there be not day and night in their season, then My covenant could also
be broken with Dawid My servant so that he shall not have a son to reign
upon his throne and with the Lwites, the priests, My attendants.
As the host of the heavens is not counted, nor the sand of the sea measured,
so I increase the descendants of Dawid My servant and the Lwites who
attend upon Me.
And the word of came to Yirmeyahu, saying, Have you not observed what
these people have spoken, saying, The two clans which has chosen have
been rejected by Him? So they have despised My people, no more to be a nation
before them.
Thus said , If My covenant is not with day and night, and if I have not
appointed the laws of the heavens and earth, then I would also reject the
descendants of Yaaqob and Dawid My servant, so that I should not take of his
descendants to be rulers over the descendants of Abraham, Yitshaq, and Yaaqob.
For I shall turn back their captivity, and have compassion on them. (Jeremiah
33:14-26, The Scriptures 1998)
So we see here the descendants of Yaakov, both Levi and David, have their covenants
linked to the fixed orders of the heavenly cycles. This is why both the Levites and the
priests are each divided into units of 24, one unit for every hour of the solar say (1
Chronicles 24).
Therefore the star of Yaakovthe sunis also keyed into the processes, special
knowledge and special access of the priests. So it should not be surprising then as we
follow this chain of Scripture precepts upon precepts that we should find amazing solar
astronomical data in the Tabernacle and dress of the high priest himself.
To begin with, Aarons name is most often taken to mean mountain of strength but there
are several other intriguing secondary meanings to his name as well, one of these being
illuminatorvery apt since the priesthood in its way represents the sun, as well as for the
fact that the high priest is charged with lighting the lamps of Tent of Meeting at night
(Numbers 8:1-3). So maybe we should look at what this illuminator does to mirror the
cycles of the sun!


But before going deeper into this, lets first turn our attention to a great Biblical
astronomer named King David and his amazing astronomical treatise known as Psalm
19:1-7. From there we can return to the connection with Aaron a little bit later: David
begins with this statement:
The heavens are proclaiming the esteem of l; and the expanse is declaring the
work of His hand. (Psalm 19:1, The Scriptures 1998)
So the shmayim, or heavens, physical universe exists to proclaim the glory of our
Elohim and the works of His hand. Since Father Yah created everything, this must refer
to all space, but soon it will focus on our own practical space, or that part of the
universe we use on earth to count time.
Day to day pours forth speech, and night to night reveals knowledge. There is no
speech, and there are no words, their voice is not heard. (Psalm 19:2-3, The
Scriptures 1998)
Here we see that the speech and knowledge are not verbal, but nevertheless are
communication that comes from day to day (the sun) and night to night (stars). Their
collective message or testimony about Father Yahs glory must therefore come from
observing their cycles!
Their line has gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the
world. In them He set up a tent for the sun (Psalm 19:4, The Scriptures 1998)
The Hebrew word for line is qav which means a cord or line for measurement. It can
also refer to a string on a lyre which puts forth a fixed frequency or sound. I believe the
former meaning, which is of a fixed tether, is the intended one. This is a perfect
description of gravity that tethers the earth to the orbit of the sun. That gravitational force
is also in direct proportion to the mass of the sun, as both Newton and Einstein proved.
Later lines in this Psalm will prove this interpretation.
However, unseen forces like gravity, or perhaps dark matter, are referenced elsewhere in
He stretches out the north over empty space and hangs the earth on nothing. (Job
26:7 NAU)
Getting back to Psalm 19 though, this line in turn that measures from the earth out into
the cosmos attaches the earth to the sun but also points us to what I just called practical
space above. That practical space is a tent that is pitched for the sun.
The Hebrew word for tent is ohel, which is a pretty generic term. However, there is one
time where David builds a tent that has a very interesting application:


So they brought the ark of in, and set it in its place in the midst of the
Tent that Dawid had pitched for it. And Dawid brought burnt offerings before
, and peace offerings. (2 Samuel 6:17, The Scriptures 1998)
So David took a golden box with two angels on the cover and set a fire right near it to
offer burnt offerings under a tent! The Ark, in many cases including here, is often a
metaphor for the golden sun, and the burnt offerings beside it and angels above it only
reinforce the heavenly metaphors.
That is also why, in part, Moshe was told see that you make everything according to the
pattern you saw on the mountain, meaning according to heavenly design (Exodus 25:40)
which is also about heavenly courses.
In other words, the entire course the sun runs from our view on earth takes place in this
tent which has various chambers, gates and windows to track the sun throughout the
year. Lets get more details on how the tent is constructed:
And it is like a bridegroom coming out of his room, it rejoices like a strong
man to run the path. (Psalm 19:5, The Scriptures 1998)
The bridegroom eagerly comes out his chamber or room to begin running the path
orach in Hebrewwhich indicates the solar orbit. The man here is vigorous and
strong, and his emergence is dated from the time of his marriage which in solar terms is
the start of spring or Vernal Equinox, at which time there is a fixed chamber he stays
and returns to, as the next lines show:
Its rising is from one end of the heavens, and its circuit to the other end; and
naught is hidden from its heat. (Psalm 19:6, The Scriptures 1998)
This language is especially precise and critical. Notice first that only the rising of the sun
is mentioned, not its setting, because this is an instruction to track the dawning sun
throughout the year.
Such an idea is confirmed in 19:7 where we are told, The Torah of YHWH is perfect,
converting the soul and similar praises to the end of the Psalm. Apparently, part of the
Perfect Torah is keeping track of the heavenly cycles that, in their turn, reveal His glory!
On the other hand, night after night reveals knowledge (19:2) could also be about
tracking the setting of the sun in addition to the rising of the stars, and I believe this to be
the case.
In any case, getting back to Psalm 19:6, the rising at one end of the heavens and its
circuit to the other end is another way of describing its yearly path, which is an eastwest trajectory. Also the word for circuittekuwfahis well defined by Barnes who


And his circuit - The word used here - tequphah - means properly a
coming about, or a return, as of the seasons, or of the year. It is found only in
Exo_34:22, At the years end; 1Sa_1:20, When the time was come about
(Margin, in revolution of days); 2Ch_24:23, At the end of the year (Margin, in
the revolution of the year). The word here does not refer to the fact that the sun
comes round to the starting-point on the following day, but to the sweep or circuit
which he makes in the heavens from one end of it to the other - traveling over the
entire heavens.-Albert Barnes Bible Commentary (1834)
So now a fuller picture emerges of tracking the rising and setting of the sun from its
chambers throughout the year across the visible sky. But what kind of chambers are
these and how would the system work? I believe the answer lies in taking this data as an
overt Biblical command which would then lead to fixed laws of observational and
mathematical astronomy.
Observing the sun each day from our position on the earth, we would soon discover that
there are 12 gates (shaar in Hebrew) that the sun goes through each year, though
technically in the Scripture system the gate is only where the sun enters into after dark,
where it waits in a chamber and then goes out of 1 of 12 windows at the top of the
In pagan astrology though these gates or portals became Zodiac Signs, but the priests
of Yah had no use for that and so simply divided the sky up into 12 as the Scripture
Breaking Down the Chambers
But how do we know the ancient Hebrews actually recognized 12 chambers of the sun
and what were these heavenly structures supposed to look like? The concept is actually
covered by several different Hebrew words that help describe it:
1) Chuppah or canopy, almost like a subdivision or pocket within the overall tent.
I find it very interesting that in Jewish weddings for at least the last 4,000 years,
husbands and wives are married under a Chuppah, and note the use of the word
bridegroom to describe the sun. See also Joel 2:16.
2) Lishkah defined as a room attached to a sanctuary, this can refer to a place
where sacrificial food is eaten (1 Samuel 9:22), where scribes do their work
(Jeremiah 36:12) or where the singers live (Ezekiel 40:44). It can also be rendered
as storeroom in other cases.
3) Ta, also called a chamber but more correctly and precisely guardroom, as
used by Ezekiel. Whats important about this word is that Ezekiel specifically
says there are a total of 6 guardrooms for the eastern gate of the Temple (Ezekiel
40:10), 3 on each side. These 6 eastern rooms, which represent lodging areas for
the sun, will become extremely important later on.


When we are tracking east-west orientation, the Scriptures describe the suns journey
metaphorically as a circle divided into 12 equal slices of 30 degrees each:
Solomon had twelve deputies over all Israel, who provided for the king and his
household; each man had to provide for a month in the year. (1 Kings 4:7
Now this is the enumeration of the sons of Israel, the heads of fathers'
households, the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and their
officers who served the king in all the affairs of the divisions which came in
and went out month by month throughout all the months of the year, each
division numbering 24,000...15 The 12th for the 12th month was Heldai the
Netophathite of Othniel; and in his division were 24,000. (1 Chronicles 27:1,15
In the 1 Chronicles 27 passage, each army is of equal strength, that is to say, 24,000
men each. That number is significant as 24 is the number of hours in the solar day and
1,000 is the number of generations that Father Yah loves who are faithful to Him and
keep His commandments (Exodus 20:6)!
Similarly the 12 deputies in 1 Kings 4:7 were also of equal strength and responsibilities,
and there are other places where we see this pattern directly in circle form:
And below its rim were ornaments all around, ten to a cubit, all the way
around the Sea. The ornaments were cast in two rows when it was cast. It
stood on twelve oxen, three facing north, and three facing west, and three
facing south, and three facing east. And the Sea was set upon them, and all their
back parts were inward. (1 Kings 7:24-25)
Ezekiel and Revelation also have similar circle details:
And these are the exits of the city, the gates of the city according to the names
of the tribes of Yisral: On the north side, measuring 4,500 cubits, the three
gates northward: one gate for Reubn, one gate for Yehudah, one gate for Lwi.
And on the east side, 4,500 cubits, three gates: one gate for Yosph, one gate for
Binyamin, one gate for Dan.
And on the south side, measuring 4,500 cubits, three gates: one gate for Shimon,
one gate for Yissaskar, one gate for Zebulun.
And on the west side, four thousand five hundred cubits with their three gates:
one gate for Gad, one gate for Ashr, one gate for Naphtali.


All around: 18,000 cubits. And the name of the city from that day is: is
there! (Ezekiel 48:30-35, The Scriptures 1998)
And again the circle pattern of 12 gates for Jerusalem in Revelation 21:
And he bore me away in the spirit to a mountain great and high, and he showed
me the Set Apart city, Urishlim, descending out of heaven from Elohim; in which
was the glory of Elohim, as a brilliant light, and resembling a very precious gem;
like a jasper stone, resembling crystal.
And it had a wall great and lofty, which had twelve gates, and names
inscribed on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of
Israel. On the east, three gates; on the north, three gates; (on the south,
three gates; and on the west, three gates). And the wall of the city had twelve
foundations, and upon them the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the
And he that talked with me had a measure, a golden reed; so that he could
measure the city and its gates, and its wall. And the city stood up four square; and
its length was the same as its breadth. And he measured the city with the reed to
twelve furlongs of twelve thousand; and the length and the breadth and the height
of it were (all) equal. And he measured its wall, a hundred and forty and four
measures of the cubits of a man, that is, of the Messenger.
And the structure of its wall (was of) jasper; and the city was of pure gold, like
pure glass. And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with every
precious stone. The first foundation, a jasper; the second, a sapphire; the third, a
chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald; the fifth, a sardonyx; the sixth, a sardius; the
seventh, a chrysolite; the eighth, a beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a
chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst. And the twelve
gates (were) twelve pearls; each (pearl) one gate, and each (gate) one pearl:
and the broad street of the city was pure gold, like brilliant glass. (Revelation
21:10-21 AENT)
144 Divisions of the Solar Year
This Revelation citation is particularly important because it gives us four witnesses to the
number 144: 1) 12 gates x 12 names of the tribes of Israel = 144; 2) 12 foundations x 12
names of the apostles = 144; 3) the wall is measured to be 144 cubits high; 4) 12 gates x
12 pearls = 144.
144 is actually a kind of division for the solar year confirmed in Tanakh, where the year
is divided into 12 months and the months are further divided into 12 units of 2 days
each. Each of these 2 day periods are called windows of heaven (1 Kings 6:4-7, 2
Kings 7:2,19; Malachi 3:10) or windows from above (Isaiah 24:18) and they are
attached to each of the 12 chambers of the sun. Solomon seems to have built them into


his Temple wall (1 Kings 6:4-7), which had 3 tiers on each of its 4 sides.
Exhibit A: The Tabernacles Structure and Purpose
And they shall make Me a Set-apart Place, and I shall dwell in their midst.
According to all that I show you the pattern of the Dwelling Place and the
pattern of all its furnishings make it exactly soSo see, and do according to
the pattern which was shown to you on the mountain. (Exodus 25:8-9, 40, The
Scriptures 1998)
This is a heavenly blueprint of heavenly objects that are being replicated on earth, which
is exactly what Paul says also:
And he is the minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which
Elohim has pitched, and not man. For every high priest is established to offer
oblations and sacrifices; and therefore, it was proper that this one should also have
something to offer. And if he were on earth, he would not be a priest because
there are priests (there) who offer gifts in accordance with Torah: (namely) they
who minister in the emblem and shadow of the things in heaven: as it was said
to Moshe when he was about to build the tabernacle, See and make everything
according to the pattern which was showed you in the mountFor it was
necessary that these, the representations of heavenly things, should be
purified with those things; but the heavenly things themselves, with a
sacrifice superior to them. (Hebrews 8:2-5, 9:23, AENT)
Josephus and Philo also could not agree more with Paul here:
For if anyone do but consider the fabric of the tabernacle, and take a view of
the garments of the high priest, and of those vessels which we make use of in our
sacred ministration, he will find that our legislator was a divine man, and that we
are unjustly reproached by others: for if anyone do without prejudice, and with
judgment, look upon these things, he will find they were everyone made in way
of imitation and representation of the universe. (Josephus, Antiquities, 3:180)
The candlestick was placed on the southern side of the tabernacle, since by it the
maker intimates, in a figurative manner, the motions of the stars which give
light; for the sun, and the moon, and the rest of the stars, being all at a great
distance from the northern parts of the universe, make all their revolutions in
the south. (Philo, On Moses, 2:102)
And if any were inclined to count those five pillars of the outer vestibule in the
open air separately, as being in the outer court as it was called, there will then be
left that most holy number of fifty, being the power of a rectangular triangle,
which is the foundation of the creation of the universe, and is here entirely
completed by the pillars inside the tabernacle. (Philo, On Moses 2:80)


Exhibit B: The Ark of the Covenant

And they shall make an ark of acacia wood two and a half cubits long, a cubit
and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high. (Exodus 25:10, The Scriptures 1998)
The Ark is a kind of chamber or chest, and it will be overlaid with pure gold,
representing the sun or sunlight, but its measurements exactly represent the dimensions of
a window in the sun-chamber.
In many measurements for the Tabernacle and its surroundings, a cubit equals a day, such
as how the outer curtains of 30 cubits and inner curtains of 28 cubits represent the overall
length of the lunar month and the time within that month when the moon is usually
Similarly, the length of the ark is measured with a cubit equaling a day, so 2 cubits
equals 2 days3, the time for the sun coming out of a window in the chamber of the sun.
Also those windows are on the top of the chamber, just as the cherubim are on the top of
the mercy seat, with the feathers in their wings representing the suns rays. I believe this
association was not lost on the prophet Malachi:
But to you who fear My Name the Sun of Righteousness shall arise with
healing in His wings. And you shall go out and leap for joy like calves from the
stall. (Malachi 4:2, The Scriptures 1998)
From there I believe it follows naturally that the gap in between the wings of the cherubs,
the place where Father Yah says He dwells with Israel, is a kind of center point of the
entire sky, or the chamber-window rising position that represents Vernal Equinox. In
other words, the Ark of the Covenant is showing a moment frozen in time, when the sun
rises from the exactly correct part of the sky to indicate the start of spring4.
Finally the area above and beyond the Ark of the Covenant must represent heaven
because in the middle of the gap between the angels wings He says, There I will meet
with you (Exodus 25:22).

These curtains are 20 in number, 10 outer (30x 4 cubits) and 10 inner (28 x 4 cubits); the 28 x 4 curtains
are made of white, blue, purple and red materials designed with cherubim while the 30 x4 curtains are
made of goats hair. However, there is a 21 curtain (goats hair) folded over the top and facing east, the
direction of the rising sun. The purpose of the 21 curtain is to encode the instruction, reset the cycles
of the moon by the cycles of the sun.
Actually the total is 60 hours, 52 minutes and 25.32 seconds. The latter piece of about 52 minutes is
what is left over, or the gap between each window. This time must eventually be accounted for and there
are a variety of ways to do this. However only one method is suggested by the arrangement of the stones
on the breastplate of the high priest, and that is to have 3 consecutive 30 day months followed by an
extra day at the end of every third month. There would be 4 days in all that are counted outside the
months and each one would be a remembrance marker for a season of the year.
It is also significant that the Ark of the Covenant is as high as it is wide (1 cubits for each) as this
provides a standard resting area for the sun as it is pointed to a given window.


Exhibit C: The Twelve Loaves of the Showbread

And you shall make its dishes, and its ladles, and its jars, and its bowls for
pouring. Make them of clean gold. And you shall put the showbread on the
table before Me, continually. (Exodus 25:29-30, The Scriptures 1998)
When Moshe erects the Tabernacle in Exodus 40, the showbread is placed on dishes
facing the Ark of the Covenant. While the text here does not specify how many loaves
there are, we know there had to be 12, one for every tribe of Israel that the bread is
supposed to show before Aaron, since he also has 12 stones as memorials for those
same 12 tribes. This is confirmed in Leviticus 24:
And you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it, two-tenths of an
phah in each cake. And you shall set them in two rows, six in a row, on the
clean table before . And you shall put clear frankincense on each row, and it
shall be on the bread as a remembrance portion, an offering made by fire to .
On every Sabbath he is to arrange it before continually, from the children of
Yisral an everlasting covenant. (Leviticus 24:5-8, The Scriptures 1998)
Then, after the Tabernacle is set up, Numbers 7 tells us the 12 leaders, one from each
tribe of Israel, give the same contribution to the Tabernacle, the items of which include
12 golden dishes, which almost all authorities agree are to replace the original dishes and
hold the 12 loaves. Again, gold represents the sun5.
From this point, Jewish historians Josephus and Philo make this association between the
12 loaves and the solar year:
And when he ordered twelve loaves to be set on the table, he denoted the year, as
distinguished into so many months. (Josephus, Antiquities 3:182)
Now, the twelve loaves that were upon the table signified the circle of the zodiac
and the year. (Josephus, The Jewish War, 5:217)
And loaves are placed on the seventh day on the sacred table, being equal in
number to the months of the year, twelve loaves, arranged in two rows of six
each, in accordance with the arrangement of the equinoxes; for there are two
equinoxes every year, the vernal and the autumnal, which are each reckoned
by periods of six months. At the vernal equinox all the seeds sown in the ground
begin to ripen; about which time, also, the trees begin to put forth their fruit. And
by the autumnal one the fruit of the trees has arrived at a perfect ripeness; and at
this period, again, is the beginning of seed time. Thus nature, going through a
long course of time, showers gifts after gifts upon the race of man, the

And there are also 12 silver plates, which probably represent the moon, as it was said to also rise and set
through those same 12 gates that the sun uses.


symbols of which are the two sixes of loaves thus placed on the table. (Philo,
The Special Laws, 1:172)
Exhibit D: The High Priests shoulder buttons
However, if the 12 loaves represent the 12 solar months, I believe this other feature,
having to do with the clothes of the High Priest, speaks more to a daily cycle of the suns
rising and setting.
And these are the garments which they make: a breastplate, a shoulder garment, a
robe, an embroidered long shirt, a turban, and a girdle. And they shall make setapart garments for Aharon your brother and his sons, for him to serve as priest to
Me. And they shall take the gold, and the blue and the purple and the scarlet
material, and the fine linen, and shall make the shoulder garment of gold, of blue
and purple and scarlet material, and fine woven linen, the work of a skilled
It is to have two shoulder pieces joined at its two edges, and so it is joined
together. And the embroidered band of the shoulder garment, which is on it, is of
the same workmanship, made of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet material, and
fine woven linen. And you shall take two shoham stones and engrave on them the
names of the sons of Yisral, six of their names on one stone, and the
remaining six names on the other stone6, according to their birth. With the work
of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, engrave the two stones
with the names of the sons of Yisral. Set them in settings of gold. And you
shall put the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the shoulder garment as
stones of remembrance for the sons of Yisral. And Aharon shall bear their
names before on his two shoulders, for a remembrance. (Exodus 28:4-12,
The Scriptures 1998)
In this case, notice the image these stones present on Aarons shoulders. There are six
names on each side, and in between them is Aarons head crowned by a turban. Also we
should note the interesting use of 5 colors:
BlueRepresenting the sky
WhiteRepresenting clouds (undyed linen is always white)
GoldRepresenting the rays of the sun
PurpleRepresenting the sea or oceans
RedRepresenting fire, such as is needed in burnt offerings
So to be sure the names of the sons of Israel are to be remembered on these stones, but

It is also possible that the same functionality and process is evoked with the mountains of Gerizim and
Ebal, oriented towards the western setting sun, where 6 tribes are on one peak and 6 tribes are on the
other along with altar stones for each tribe (Deuteronomy 11:29-32; 27:4-10). Gerizim and Ebal form a
nearly perfect north-south line, much like the arrangement of the trees of Eden bisecting the enclosure of
the garden.


there are a whole lot of other things they are remembering as well!
However, another purpose to this design is to show how there are 6 eastern gates through
which the sun rises every day and 6 western gates through which it sets every day.
The way this rising and setting pattern works is that from winter solstice to summer
solstice, the sun spends 30 days rising in gates 1,2,3,4,5 and 6. Then from summer
solstice to winter solstice, the sun reverses course and spends time in gates 6,5,4,3,2 and
But its our last item that ties everything together.
Exhibit E: The 12 Stones on the Breastplate
It is here we will literally see the formula 12 squared:
And you shall make a breastplate of right-ruling, a work of a skilled workman,
like the work of the shoulder garment. Make it of gold, of blue and purple and
scarlet material, and fine woven linen. It is square, doubled, a span its length,
and a span its width. And you shall put settings of stones in it, four rows of
stonesThey are set in gold settings. And the stones are according to the
names of the sons of Yisral, twelve according to their names, like the
engravings of a signet, each one with its own name, for the twelve tribes. (Exodus
28:15-17a; 20b-21, The Scriptures 1998)
The linen is squared or doubled over, and the 12 stones are put in gold settings, with
each stone bearing a name of a tribe of Israel. The term squared is used in a double
sense, first to refer to the folded over linen and second because all the sides are of equal
And of course, the number 12 is also used twice, once to refer to the stones and the other
time to refer to names of the tribes on those stones. I should also point out that the
arrangement of the stones themselves makes a perfect square as well, four rows of three
stones each. Add it all up and it sure sounds like a powerful picture for the 12 windows
in each month, as 12 squared is 144!
Also, the idea that these are sun-windows is reinforced by the fact that the settings for
each stone are also square, like windows, and they are made of gold, once more
representing the sun. Technically speaking, I believe the set in squares are meant to be
the windows, multiplied by the number of stones that are meant to be the months.
Applied Physics
If we take the number 144 and multiply it by 2 , the length of a window we get 360
degrees for a full circle, and one might be tempted to also say this is 360 total days as
well, but that would be a mistake.


The reason is, while the sun does travel in a 360 degree circle, it still takes 365 days, 5
hours, 48 minutes and 45 seconds for it to make that orach or tekuwfah, that is to say, its
orbit. So where are the 5 extra days once we run out of 360 days/degrees?
For the answer, we need to return to Aarons breastplate with the 12 stones, and look this
time at another detail:
And you shall put settings of stones in it, four rows of stones: The first row is
a ruby, a topaz, and an emerald; and the second row is a turquoise, a sapphire, and
a diamond; and the third row is a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst; the fourth
row is a beryl, and a shoham, and a jasper. They are set in gold settings.
And the stones are according to the names of the sons of Yisral, twelve
according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, each one with its own
name, for the twelve tribes. (Exodus 28:17-21, The Scriptures 1998)
The key detail is that these are four rows of three stones each, and so each row
represents a season of the year.
Also notice that there is a significant gap between the stone at the end of row 1 (stone
#3) and the stone at the start of row 2 (stone #4), because at the end of row 1 we need to
literally circle around the back of the breastplate structure and go down to start the next
The same pattern applies between the end of row 2 and the start of row 3 and the end of
row 3 and the start of row 4, with a final gap between stone 12 in row 4 and stone 1 in
row 1 to start the cycle all over again.
The rule of counting stones (months) and gaps between rows is what will yield the
remaining days, those between #361 and the end of the solar year. The same gaps exist
between the loaves of the showbread in their golden bread work frames and the golden
plates each row of 6 loaves rests on, but it is the breastplate of the high priest that tells us
how to count or intercalate between official months and their gaps.
So, as we count our 30 day months starting in row 1, we reach the end of month 3 and
have to bridge the gap, as I said just above, from the end of row 1 to the start of row 2
just below it. That gap is understood as an extra day in between the end of month 3 and
the start of month 4.
In this case, because we began the count at spring equinox, 90 days later will lead us
close to the time of summer solstice for which the extra gap day is inserted to
remember the start of that season. We call these extra gap days remembrances, and
this is also given as the function of both the showbread tables 12 loaves and the
breastplate of the high priest.


As a result, there are four seasonal markers (spring equinox, summer solstice, fall
equinox, winter solstice) that are remembered each as a day outside the 3rd, 6th, 9th and
12th months of the year. Counting days and months in this manner gives an even 52
weeks, and the start and end of each year will always be on the same day of the week.
However, that still gives us only 364 days, not the 365.2422 days we and the ancient
Hebrews knew took up the entire year, so how did they account for the rest according to
the Scripture? The answer, I believe, is all the way back in Genesis 1:
And Elohim said, Let lights come to be in the expanse of the heavens to separate
the day from the night, and let them be for signs and appointed times, and for days
and years, and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light on
the earth. And it came to be so.
And Elohim made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser
light to rule the night, and the stars. And Elohim set them in the expanse of the
heavens to give light on the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and
to separate the light from the darkness. And Elohim saw that it was good. And
there came to be evening and there came to be morning, the fourth day. (Genesis
1:14-19, The Scriptures 1998)
The fourth day of the week, our Wednesday, is the part of Creation Week where Father
Yah chose to place the sun, moon and stars in the heavens to mark time. For those of you
who have seen Genesis Decoded, you know I view this verse as referring to a fourth
day rather than the fourth day simply because there is no the for days 2,3,4 and 5 in
the text. We know day 1 is day 1 because it is in the beginning and we also know days
6 and 7 are in the right order as THE sixth day and THE seventh day, but those
middle 4 may more relate to something I term thematic order, as opposed to
chronological order.
Nevertheless, and in spite of the fact that I believe the ancient Hebrew priests also
interpreted Genesis 1 this way, in this instance for calendrical purposes, they decided to
take this as a literal reference to THE fourth day, and balanced their solar year by having
it start on a Wednesday and end on a Tuesday 52 weeks or 364 days later.
For the remaining 1-2 days of the solar year however, the key would be establishing if the
sun had returned to its proper rising location of chamber 4, window 1, rising 90 degrees
due east after Vernal Equinox. The ancient Hebrews also knew the sun would set
perfectly west that day as well, at 270 degrees, which was another fact they could easily
verify visually. Once the sun set though, the stars that night would provide a third witness
that spring had started, as the Pleiades cluster that kind of looks a little like a shovel, will
have set in the late afternoon and disappeared that same night7.

And this is why the Pleiades are mentioned twice in Job and once by the prophet Amos. It was part of a
working star catalogue the priests had to track the year.


As the Israelites use these witnesses over a period of many centuries however, their
careful observations will give birth mathematical formulas that can be called upon should
the sky get too cloudy or other facts impede any one days observation. From that point,
if the Vernal Equinox had happened at the end of the 364th day and the start of 53rd
Wednesday from when the count began, that would be New Years Day. If not, this
priestly mechanism would wait until the following Wednesday a week later to begin
starting its 364 day count all over again and, as odd as all that may sound, this system
would always work perfectly and never go out of date.
And finally, my last point on this rather detailed subject is that this process that was
derived completely from Scripture was not the product of speculation. Rather, it turns out
other ancient Hebrew groups in history saw these Scriptures the same exact way I did but
2000+ years earlier, and built the same calendar around it I described. I know this
because their writings are still preserved in the Dead Sea Scrolls, 1 Enoch, Jubilees and
other ancient literature8. Not only does this work in history, it also works astronomically,
mathematically and, most importantly, scripturally. In sum then everything that Aaron
wears, does or goes to is in some way related to remembering astronomical processes for
the sun and stars, so that His calendar will never be forgotten so long as His Word also
However, the most powerful evidence is in the design of the Tabernacle, its furnishings
and the outfit of the high priest!
For more information on this topic, please see the Walking Dedicated Men series:

These include the original Zadokite priests praised by Ezekiel, the Essenes who wrote much of the Dead
Sea Scrolls and the mysterious heretical Jewish-Egyptian mystical order Philo talks of, known as the
Theraputae. While the writings for these sources are fragmentary, what has come down to us is more
than sufficient to prove that large aspects of these mechanisms were used historically. On the other hand,
I also know of at least one occasion where a Jewish group deliberately misused this same calendar so that
they could have a different series of Set-apart days from their Jerusalem brethren, for political purposes.
Even in that case however I believe that sect still knew what the original process was and intended to get
back to it eventually. The problem for them was the Romans destroyed all these groups and eventually
never came.



1) Haftorah portion (English- Micah 5:6-6:8) and discuss common themes with the
Torah portion.

Vehayah sherit Ya'akov bekerev amim rabim ketal me'et Yahweh

kirvivim aley-esev asher lo-yekaveh le'ish velo yeyachel livney adam.
Vehayah sherit Ya'akov bagoyim bekerev amim rabim ke'aryeh
bevahamot ya'ar kichfir be'edrey-tson asher im-avar veramas vetaraf
ve'eyn matsil.
2) Our linguistic commentary
APH (5:15) = nostril/anger as just discussed in the Torah Question of the Week.
RIB ET HA-HARIM (6:1) = plead before the mountains, is actually more like
strive, contend against the mountains. The mountains here represent the apathetic
status quo. Abba YHWH asks for HIS CASE (righteousness) to be contended for,
because righteousness is not present in the business as usual of this world.
MOSAD (6:2) = foundation, a synonym for YESOD, which is used as a term for
foundation in mystical thought. Some might wonder if MOSAD is related to the
name of the Israeli intelligence service, but it isnt because THE MOSSAD is an
acronym. However, I do find it interesting that the closest Hebrew word to the
SOUND of the name of the MOSSAD means foundation because that is also the
name for their most hated enemy, Al Qaeda, which means the foundation in Arabic.
PADAH (6:4) = ransomed/redeemed. This word always has the sense of Abba
YHWH making payment for something man cannot pay on his own. It is used in the
same sense as redeeming from death/the grave and forgiveness from sin (see Psalm
3) Renewed Covenant portion: (English) 2 Peter 2:1-22 (all the way through with
applicable footnotes.)
2 Peter 2:4
7) This verse speaks of judgment on fallen angels, the Aramaic has them in fiery
regions, the Greek inserts tartaroo, derived from Tartarus. In 400 BC Plato wrote
that souls were judged after death and those who received punishment were sent to
Tartarus, a mythical, deep, dark, underworld pit or abyss, a gloomy place and dungeon of
torment, where god-sized suffering awaits sinners. A Greek deity called Zeus was
known to toss nasty villains into Tartarus. Calling Yshua by a name that sounds very
close to calling on Zeus (Jesus) helped morph mythological ideas about hell into


Christian culture. Many Christian theologians literally believe that Tartarus answers to
Gehenna of the Jews which is far from the truth. Please see footnote Mar_9:47.
8) Bshishlata damtana (chains of darkness) is carried in Greek and English translations.
Chains is a metaphor for captivity, they were used to bind captives and manage slaves,
and therefore used to express judgment, all her great men were put in chains
(Nah_3:10). This kind of darkness is a metaphor for being low, troubled, afflicted or
anguished. Psa_88:6 You have laid me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the deeps.
Hebrew Scripture uses chains and darkness to express doom and gloom, separation for
YHWHs love and joy. However, mythology, Tartarus and Hades is spiritual darkness,
dark and demonic teachings. YHWH says, For, behold, the darkness shall cover the
earth, and gross darkness the people: but YHWH shall arise upon you, and His glory
shall be seen upon you (Isa_60:2). This is expressly talking about calling the nations
(Gentiles) out of worldly paganism, And the Gentiles shall come to your light, and kings
to the brightness of your rising (Isa_60:3). Mashiyach brings people out of spiritual
darkness, yet mythology is rampant in Christian Bibles and culture. Many Christians
believe that when Jesus taught on earth He taught more about Hell than Heaven. See
footnote Luk_12:5.
9) Anguish or chiyl in Aramaic and Hebrew, not torture as some translations use.
YHWH does not torture either these fallen angels or fallen people. He brings chiyl
(anguish, sorrow) upon unrighteousness. Please see Jer_50:43; Mic_4:9.
2 Peter 2:5
10) Or, age.
2: 7 = DLA NAMUSA = they who have not Torah or Torahless. The word NAMUSA
(Greek version NOMOS) can mean either custom or Torah. Here it makes no sense
to say they who have not any customs in terms of a rebuke about Sodom and
2:10 = GDAP = blaspheme, also has interesting alternate meanings. It relates to BIRD or
WING. Balaam is mentioned in this chapter and the king of Moab is the son of
ZIPPORa birdwho leads Israel into blasphemy. The term WING can relate to the
abomination of desolation on the wing of the Temple. Another meaning is border, so
Israel goes beyond the border of righteousness, out of Torahs boundary and into sin.
4) Highlight common themes in Aramaic (terms in footnotes which I will read)
5) Apply these themes/issues to modern issues in the Netzari faith. (The overall lesson is
that man cannot buy his way into Abba YHWHs favor nor cause Him to curse that
which He has blessed. Balak, while believing in Abba YHWH to the degree that he
knows Abba YHWH can bless or curse whom He wishes and sometimes listens to
His prophets, nevertheless thought he could pay for Balaams power by paying off


Balaam himself. While that plan failed, Balak in a way did succeed in seducing Israel
into idolatry, which in effect cursed them as he wanted to!)
6) Relate to all or part of an Appendix portion of AENT or footnotes from a portion
(Read Humanism, p. 864-865 in appendix).
1) Someone in this Torah portion has a name that may be connected to an event
leading to the destruction of the Second Temple. Who is it and what does their
name mean?
2) There is a clue in 22:11 that directly helps us in calendar calculations. What is that
3) There is a person mentioned in this portion who, if we take all the chronologies
linearly, would be a leader for nearly 400 years. Who is this person?
4) There is a part of the Haftorah portion that directly answers a question about
Moshes family that is not given in the Torah portion. What is that answer?
5) Some people think that the Messengers that sinned which 2 Peter talks about
were the Sons of Elohim or their descendants the Nephilim. Is this true?
Torah Thought for the Week:
Whos the Donkey NOW Balaam?
Going to Hebrew school in New York growing up, there were two occasions during the
school year that were guaranteed to give the teacher a hard time. First, when the Song of
Songs was discussed amongst a bunch pre-teen boys who were eyeing the girls in the
class when the poetry was read.
But the second time was with respect to this Torah portion because, lets face it, having a
donkey called an ass in older translations could result in some extremely comical
readings, especially here, And Balaam struck his ass with a stick three timesand it was
opened and spokeoy vey! Tasteless joke to be sure, but not without making a good
point which is why I bring it up.
The thing is, the literal reading of this incident has in its way more humor than the risqu
joke that comes from a regrettable translation. Abba YHWH opened the mouth of a beast
of burden and found that animal more righteous than one of His own prophetsouch!
Balaam presents a very interesting figure in the sense that no prophet SHOULD be on a
kings payrollespecially one from Moab. And no prophet should attempt to turn back


Abba YHWHs blessing on an entire race of people, although granted, Moshe and others
do try to stay His wrath from just punishment on that same group of people.
Nevertheless, Scripture does seem to imply in a few places a professional guildor
schoolof prophets but offers few other details. Nathan is the official prophet of
David for example but at least he shows a good amount of independence from his boss.
One can only wonder though if other prophets might have been tempted to shade bad
news from their kingly employers or, as Balaam at least tries initially, to tell them that
Abba YHWH wont be changedHe will only give them His words and thats it.
So was Balaam a kosher Harry Potter or a card carrying member of the Prophets
Association, a seer for hire that Balak thought could be used as a weapon? We may never
really know, but the point is that Balaam is in a sense WORSE off than Balak is.
I say this because one would expect the king of Moab to want Israel cursed and spread
his pagan religion. But Balaam is supposed to know better and not even THINK about
taking that silver and gold or wonder if he can have it.
And at the end of the day, when Balaam thinks more about his patron and less about
Abba YHWHs will which he flagrantly ignores, he literally and very nearly brings the
wrath of heaven down on his head while his donkey is considered righteous!
Now think about this. The donkey never studied Torah. The donkey is not even
prestigious among other animals, let alone above a prophet of Abba YHWH. And yet,
the injustice of Balaam to both Abba YHWH and the donkey is so severe that Abba
YHWH allows the beast to speak, and it speaks very well, thank you very much!
The donkey tells himand gets agreementthat he has been obedient to Balaam all
these years, so maybe theres a reason why shes not moving now. The Messenger tells
Balaam that the donkey saved his life by not moving and that if he had been killed, that
donkey is going to live!
The reason this story though is so much more cutting than any crass jokes that could be
made about it though is that the donkey gets to see the Messenger FIRST! Balaam is
supposed to be a seer and see visions yet he cant even outperform his own beast of
This is because Abba YHWH had initially told Balaam NOT to go with the leaders of
Moab. He turned back the first delegation but not the second one, and the very fact that
Balaam had to ask YHWH a second time for what He had already ruled on incensed
YHWH and cause Him to send the Messenger to block him.
However, once Balaam got correction from his donkey, which was validated by the
Messenger and Abba YHWH Himself, only then was he allowed to proceed but with a
very important warning, Speak ONLY what I say to you. The fact that a prophet had to


be told this is embarrassing as wellits like reminding a mathematician that addition

and subtraction is important.
So then, who is more the beast of burden Balaam? The donkey who knows her place and
does the right thing, or her master who should know better but needs correction from that
same beast. If the ass fits Balaam, thenwellyou know
Im Andrew Gabriel Roth and thats your Torah Thought for the Week!
Next week we will be exploring Pinchas, or Numbers 25:10-30:1. Our Haftorah portion
will be 1 Kings 18:46-19:21 and our Renewed Covenant portion will be Acts 2:1-21!
Stay tuned!