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Language Arts4th Nine Weeks Exam Review 2016

Name ___________________________

Define these literary terms and give an example except for plot.

Plot the sequence of events in a story


Setting the time and place in which a story occurs Ex: early Renaissance, England
Characters the people or animals who take part in the action of a story Ex: Shrek
Dynamic a character who changes significantly over the course of a story Ex: Shrek
Statica character who changes very little or not at all Ex: Donkey
Themethe main idea or life lesson a reader takes away from a story Ex: Beauty comes from within.
Climaxthe turning point/ point of highest suspense in a story Ex: When Fiona takes her true form as an
ogre after true loves kiss.
resolution /closurethe end of the story where all of the loose ends are tied up and the problem is
resolved Ex: Shrek, Fiona, and the fairytale creatures live happily ever after.
Conflictthe struggle the character faces in a story
Internala character struggles inside himself with a problem (character vs. self)
Externala character struggles with an opposing force outside of himself (character vs. character,
character vs. nature, character vs. society)
Narrativea story
Define these terms and also give an example of each.
Figurative languagewords or expressions that have a different meaning from their literal interpretation
Metaphor a direct comparison of two unlike things Ex: The wind is a warm breath on my face.
Similea comparison of two unlike things using like, than, or as Ex: He is fast as lightning.
Dialoguetalking between characters in a story Ex: Hello, my name is Jon.
Idioma phrase whose words cannot be taken literally Ex: a chip on your shoulder
Personificationgiving human characteristics to nonhuman things Ex: The sun smiled down on us.
Onomatopoeiaa word whose sound reflects its meaning Ex: Zoom
Alliterationrepetition of the first consonant sound in words that are close together Ex: The wind
whispered in the willows.
Oxymorona figure of speech in which words that seem contradictory appear together Ex: jumbo shrimp
Hyperbolean extreme exaggeration Ex: The cheers of the fans shook the stadium.
Clicha phrase that is overused and betrays a lack of original thought Ex: only time will tell
Allusiona reference to something outside of the story without directly mentioning it Ex: This place is like
the Garden of Eden. (Biblical reference)

Everything I Need to Know about PronounsFill in the blanks.


Personal Pronouns
Subject-- I, he, she we, they
Object-- me, him, her, us, them
Either-- you, it
Subjects are usually at the beginning of the sentence.
Objects are at the end of prepositional phrases or after the verb. Use the steps below to find sentence
parts.
Steps to check for sentence parts-- (First, say the subject. Then, say the verb. Ask whom or what and
the answers the word.)
1. Find the prepositional phrases.
2. Say the subject.
3. Say the verb. Determine what type of verbaction or linking.
4. Ask whom or what?--Direct Object/Predicate Nominative/Predicate Adjective
5. Check for the IO-- To whom? (only after an action verb)
Interrogative Pronouns
Ask questions
What, who, to whom, whose, which
Remember: Who, whose, whom, which, that describes a hat!
Possessive Pronouns
Show ownership
can stand alone or be in front of nouns
mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
my, your, his, her, its
Demonstrative Pronouns
You can demonstrate them.
this, that, these, those
Sing: this, that, these, and those. What are those?
Intensive/ Reflexive Pronouns
Intensive-- emphasize
Reflexive-- reflect back to the beginning of the sentence
end in self or -selves
themselves, ourselves, myself, herself, himself
Indefinite pronouns
Remember the rap!
Singularall the ones, things, bodies, and each, either, neithertake singular verbs
Pluralboth, many, others, few, ones, and several
Either singular or pluralall, any, most, and some and nonelook at the prepositional phrase following the
subject

Everything I Need to Know about Shakespeare


What is Shakespeares first name? William
Where was Shakespeare born? Stratford-upon-Avon
When was he born?1564
At what age did he get married? 18
Who did he marry? Anne Hathaway
Why do we call part of Shakespeares life The Lost Years? We dont know much about this time in his life.
How many plays did Shakespeare write? 37
Name 2 of his tragedies that we learned about in class. Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet
Name one of his comedies that we learned about in class. A Midsummer Nights Dream
What was the name of the group of actors that Shakespeare performed with? Lord Chamberlains Men
What is the name of the theater where this group performed? The Globe Theater
How was the theater set up? Nobility in the balcony, common people in the pit (groundlings)
How many lines are in a sonnet? 14
What is special about a Shakespearean sonnet? It ends in a rhyming couplet.
How many sonnets did Shakespeare write? 154
What was Shakespeares favorite meter (rhythm pattern) to write in? iambic pentameter
What sentence helps us remember this meter? I am a pirate with a wooden leg.
What is special about the date that Shakespeare died on? It was his birthday.
How old was Shakespeare when he died? 53
Match the characters with the plays they belong to.

Romeo and Juliet


Hamlet
Hermia
Romeo
Helena
Gertrude
Lysander
Juliet
Nick Bottom
Ophelia
Polonius

Hamlet
MSND
R&J
MSND
Hamlet
MSND
R&J
MSND
Hamlet
Hamlet

A Midsummer Nights Dream


Claudius
Friar Lawrence
Demetrius
Nurse
Benvolio
Mercutio
Snug
Tom Snout
Laertes
Horatio

Hamlet
Hamlet
R&J
MSND
R&J
R&J
R&J
MSND
MSND
Hamlet
Hamlet

Tybalt
R&J
Duke Theseus
MSND
Puck
MSND
Ghost
Hamlet
Titania
MSND
Lord Capulet
R&J
Egeus
MSND
Oberon
MSND
Hippolyta
MSND
Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Ham

What do these quotes from Hamlet really mean?


Give every man they ear, but few they voice.
Listen to what others have to say, but only share your opinions with few.
We know what we are, but we know not what we may be.
We know what we are today, but we dont know what the future holds for us.
There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so.
Your attitude and thinking shape your experiences.
Beware of entrance to a quarrel, but being in, beart that the opposed may beware of thee.
Try to stay out of a fight, but if you happen to be in one, make the other person afraid of you.
But do not dull thy palm with entertainment of each new-hatchd, unfledged comrade.
Dont waste your time trying to befriend everyone. Stick to your true friends.