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Global Studies
Unit 5: Middle East & The Arab World (100 points)
A. Multiple Choice (two points each 90 total points)
Directions: Select the best answer by filling in the bubble on the answer sheet provided.
1. What religion is most widely practiced within the
regions of North Africa and Southwest Asia?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Christianity
Hinduism
Judaism
Islam

2. The mass murder of European Jews during the


Holocaust directly influenced the growth of which
of the following movements?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Industrialism
Pan-Arabism
Pan-Africanism
Zionism

3. A goal of the Organization of Petroleum


Exporting Countries (OPEC) is to:
a.
b.
c.
d.

find alternative fuel for automobiles.


control world oil prices.
force Syrian refugees into Turkey.
stop the production of oil.

4. Many Arab nations in the past had conflicts with


the nation of Israel because:
a. the government of Israel was supported by
the Soviet Union.
b. Israel refused to share its technology with
those Arab nations.
c. Israel occupied territory that was formerly
held by the Arabs.
d. Israel has tried to convert the Arabs to
Judaism.
5. In Operation Desert Storm (during the Persian
Gulf War), American forces invaded Kuwait. What
country invaded Kuwait?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Iran
Iraq
Syria
Israel

6. Which ethnic group is most numerous in the


Middle East?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Kurds
Jews
Arabs
Persians

7. What is the United States main economic interest


in the Middle East?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Religion
Oil
Water
Tourism

8. Why did the United States bomb and invade


Afghanistan in 2001?
a. Afghanistan invaded the country of Kuwait
and threatened the United States supply of
oil
b. The United Nations asked the United States
to overthrow the Taliban government if
Afghanistan
c. The United States was afraid that
Afghanistan was working to develop
nuclear weapons and they wanted to put a
stop to the program
d. They believed that the government was
offering safety to Al-Qaeda.

9. Which BEST describes the religion of those who


call themselves Arabs?
a.
b.
c.
d.

All Arabs are Sunni Muslims.


Most Arabs are either Jews or Muslims.
The majority of Arabs are Shia Muslims.
Though most are Muslim, there are also
many Christians and those of other faiths.

10. Signed in 1979, the Camp David Accords was an


agreement brokered by President Jimmy Carter
between Israel and Egypt. What was the result of
the Accords?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Israel claimed the Nile Valley.


Egypts border extended to the Jordan River.
Egypt closed the Suez Canal.
Israel agreed to return the Sinai Peninsula to
Egypt.

11. What modern day country in home to those who


call themselves Persians?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Iran
Iraq
Israel
Syria

12. Why did so many countries feel it was right to


create Israel in 1948?
a. There was no one else living on the land at
that time.
b. Many felt the Jews deserved help due to
their suffering in the Holocaust.
c. Arab countries in the area supported the
creation of a homeland for the Jews in
Palestine.
d. All national groups in the former Ottoman
Empire were being given homelands at the
same time.
13. When war broke out in Palestine, what countries
joined with the Palestinian Arabs to try to stop the
creation of Israel?
a.
b.
c.
d.

The United States


Neighboring Arab countries
The major nations of Europe
The countries belonging to the United
Nations

14. Which statement best describes developments in


the Middle East since World War II?
a. Manufacturing has become the regions
main economic activity.
b. Religion has played a major role in creating
conflict in the region.
c. Most citizens in the region enjoy a high
standard of living.
d. A majority of countries in the region have
adopted democratic forms of government.

15. The Arab Spring can best be described as:


a. A period of civil unrest and revolutions in
the Arab World.
b. A time when peace treaties were negotiated.
c. The result of American intervention.
d. All of the above.
16. Which type of government did Ayatollah
Khomeini establish as a result of the Iranian
Revolution in 1979?
a.
b.
c.
d.

democracy.
oligarchy
theocracy
constitutional monarchy

17. Most of the Middle East and Northern Africa is


considered what type of activity/sector?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
Quaternary

18. The theme/link between conjoining North Africa


and the Middle East is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Political
Religious
Both A & B
None of the above

19. The sacred temple of the Jews was destroyed by


the Babylonians and was later rebuilt. The Romans
then destroyed the rebuilt temple and the only
section that remains is called:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Church of the Sepulcher


Western Wall
Dome of the Rock
None the above

20. The major religions practiced in Asia are:


a. Atheism, Judaism, and Hinduism
b. Ancestor worship, Christianity, and
Buddhism
c. Hinduism and Roman Catholicism
d. Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam

21. Calligraphy is a type of:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Religion
Mapmaking
Handwriting
Law

22. What division / sect of Islam believes that only a


relative of Mohammad is qualified to be a caliph?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Sufi
Sunni
Shia
None of the above

23. Which person is considered the founder of


Islam?
a.
b.
c.
d.

26. Saddam Husseins time as President of Iraq


could best be described as a:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Democracy
Monarchy
Dictatorship
Emirate

27. One of the holy books of the Jewish faith is the:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Bible
Koran
Rig Vedas
Torah

28. What does the cartoon below say about the war
in Iraq?

Mohammed
Allah
Abraham
Isaac

24. A Theocrat would approve of which of the


following statements?
a.
b.
c.
d.

It is mans responsibility to question things.


Not everyone thinks the same way I think.
Logic is king.
Have faith, and we will be saved.

25. What does the below cartoon show?

a. Despite our military might, terrorists


continue to exist.
b. Our presence is having a significantly
beneficial effect on terrorism in Iraq.
c. Terrorism in Iraq has been eliminated
d. None of the above
29. One of the holy books of the Christian faith is
the:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Bible
Koran
Rig Vedas
Torah

30. Which of the following countries did NOT have


a revolution during the Arab Spring?
a.
b.
c.
d.

The United States dependence on foreign oil


The strength of the US
The control Israel has over the US
The control the US has over the Middle East

a.
b.
c.
d.

Egypt
Syria
Libya
Ethiopia

31. What was the result of most of the revolutions in


the Arab Spring?
a. Most revolutions were put down.
b. Most leaders gave into revolutionaries.
c. Most of the countries that had revolutions
joined ISIS.
d. Most of the revolutions were put down by
the United Nations.
32. At the end of 2011, which of the following
leaders of Arab countries still remained in power?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Tunisias Ben Ali


Egypts Hosni Mubarak
Libyas Muammar Gaddafi
Syrias Bashar al-Assad

33. Which group of people located in the Middle


East do not have a homeland and are considered
part of a stateless nation?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Persians
Jews
Kurds
All of the above

34. Obamas plan against ISIL does not include:


a. intensifying the bombing both in Syria and
Iraq.
b. training and equipping the Iraqi army,
Kurdish troops, and Syrian rebels.
c. getting regional actors like Saudi Arabia to
help counter he influence of ISIL.
d. putting U.S. troops on the ground for
combat.

37. Hamas and Hezbollah are considered:


a. peaceful and diplomatic political parties in
Israel.
b. Arab groups that incite fear and are
considered terrorist organizations.
c. Jewish mercenaries that will do anything in
their power to not allow Palestinians to gain
power.
d. none of the above
38. Many people in the Middle East dislike the
United states mainly due to Americas:
a.
b.
c.
d.

trade policies
support of Israel
immoral culture
none of the above

39. The main cause of the war against Iraq in 1991


was:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Iraq raising the price of oil


Iraq invading Kuwait
Iraq did nothing; the US wanted to invade
The gassing of the Kurds

40. All of the following are underlying causes of the


Arab Spring except:
a.
b.
c.
d.

longstanding dictators.
social networking.
political and religious oppression.
peaceful dictators that did not use violence.

41. Which country is letter A on the map below?

35. ISIL is 100%:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Shia
Sunni
Saudi Arabian
Kurdish

36. Jews worship in a:


a.
b.
c.
d.

mosque
cathedral
synagogue
church

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Saudi Arabia
Kuwait
Iraq
Egypt
Israel

42. Which country is letter F on the map below?

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Iran
Syria
Iraq
Kuwait
Syria

43. Which country is letter D on the map above?


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Iran
Syria
Iraq
Kuwait
Egypt

44. Which country is number 29 on the map below?

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Algeria
Libya
Sudan
Tunisia
Egypt

45. Which country is number 27 on the map above?


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Algeria
Libya
Sudan
Tunisia
Egypt