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??????????????? bending , axial ??? pressure ?????????????????

?????????? longitudinal stress ?????????????????????????


????????????????? U.S Code ???????????????????????????????
longitudinal stress
?????? ASME B31.3 stress ????????????????? ???????? Sustained
Stress ?????????????? combine stress ?????????? ?????????????????
?????????? ????????????????? ??? ????????????????????????? ???
?????? B31.1 Sustained Stress ???????????????????? ????? ????????
??????????????????? ??? ????????????????????????? ???????? ?????????
???? ????? ?????????
ASME Code ????????? Sustained Load ????????????????? ???????
??????? ???????????????? ???????????????? longitudinal stress ????????
????????????? ????? ?????????????????? Sustained load ??????? ?????????
???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? Sustained Stress (SL)
1.3 CODE COMPLIANCE BASICS :
ASME CODE ???????? ????????????????????????????? ??????
1. Sustained ( or Primary ) Stress Failure
2. Expansion (or Secondary ) Stress Failure
????????? ??? ???????????????????????????
Mc + Pd
I 4t
Bending pressure
Mc + F + Pd
I A 4t
Bending axial pressure
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water hammer, Pressure Safety Valve (PSV) ????? ?????????
???????????????? ????????????????????????????????? ?????????????
???????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????
????????????????????????????????????
1.4 CODE STRESS ALLOWABLE :
????????????????????????? ????????? ???????????????????
????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????
?????????????????????????? ??????????????????? ???????
??????????????? ????????????????????????? ???? ????????????
Power Plant ??????????? Code B31.1 ???????????????? Process
Plant ??????????? Code B31.3
???????????????????????????????????? Process Plant ???
Power Plant ??? ?????????????????????? ???? Code B31.1 ??? B31.3
???? code B31.3 ???????? Code stress allowable ??????????????
THE SUSTAIN ALLOWABLE STRESS
???????????? hot yield stress ???????????? factor ???? sustained
stresses ??????????????? materials elastic limit ? ???????? ???
operating ???? ??????????????????? design ????????????????????????????
??????
SL = Stress ???????????????????? sustained load
Sh = Hot Allowable stress ???????????? 0.666 Sy ???? 0.25 Su
??? Sh ??????????????????????????? table A-1 ?? ASME B31.3
???? ??? carbon steel A53 Gr.B ??????????? 200 ????????????? ?????
??? Sh = 20000 psi. ???? ??????????????? SI ????????? 145 ?????
??????? 137.93 N/mm2 ?????? 145 ???????????????????????????????
????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????????????????????????????????????
????????????? 145.037743897 ???????????????? ???????????????????
????????????
????????????? piping stress package ????? ???????????????????????
??????????????? ???????????? ?????????????????????? ASME Code ASME
B31.1 , B31.3 ????? ??????????????????????????????
SL < Sh
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