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Working With Special Groups

of Children and Child Care


Issues

COURSE:

Early Childhood Education II

ESSENTIAL
STANDARD:

7.00

B2

10%

Understand issues affecting development of


children.

OBJECTIVE:

7.01

B2

5%

Understand nutrition issues that affect


development of children.

UNIT C

Essential Questions:
What nutrition issues affect the development of children?
How can childrens special nutritional needs and other food-related issues be managed?
How can appropriate menus for children be planned and provided?
UNPACKED CONTENT
Balanced nutrition for children
Nutrition resources
Reliability of sources
My Pyramid for Preschoolers/My Pyramid for Kids
Need a variety of foods from five food groups
Grain group
Vegetable group
Fruit group
Milk group
Meat and beans group
Oils not a food group, but need some for good health
Each childs age, gender, and physical activity level are used to develop individual
eating plans and determine calories needed
NC Child Care Handbook
Suggestions for Encouraging Favorable Food Attitudes & Good Eating Habits
Meal Patterns for Children in Child Care Programs
Menu Planning Form
Special nutritional needs---types, causes and effects, prevention and treatment
Under nutrition and malnutrition
Overeating and obesity
Diabetes
Food allergies
Food Restrictions Form
Other food-related issues
Other dietary restrictions
Food preferences
Appreciation for multicultural foods

Special Nutritional
Needs
Meaning
1. undernutrition

2. malnutrition

3. overeating

4. obesity

Not eating
enough food to
maintain a
healthy body and
normal activities

Long-term lack
of proper
nutrients

Eating more than


body needs to
function

Body is more
than 20%
overweight

Typical Causes

Poverty

Unbalanced diet

5. diabetes

6. food allergy

Body does not


produce insulin
and is unable to
manage blood
sugar

Body reacts
negatively to
some foods

Food likes and dislikes

Typical Results

Growth is slowed or
stopped

Support programs to reduce


poverty

Nutrient deficiencies lead


to:
-Irritability
-Bowed legs
-Sunken eyes
-Teeth decay
-Fatigue

Use appealing variety of


foods and food textures,
flavors, colors, forms, and
temperatures

Honor childrens
preferences if possible

Teach healthy food choices

Emotional problems

Scale serving sizes to


childrens appetites

Other health problems

Provide small servings

Lack of self-esteem

Change behaviors of parents


and children

Help with food choices

Teach portion control

Varied diet with fruits,


vegetables, and grains

Minimize saturated fat and


cholesterol

Moderate sugars, salt

Eat at regular intervals

Provide restricted diet

Obtain information from


parents

Read product labels

Poor food choices


Bodys inability to use
nutrients

Large supply of food


Trend toward snacking

Overeating
Poor food choices
Inherited tendency to be
overweight; a family
disorder
Family stress
Physical inactivity

Obesity

Wheat, soy, fish,


peanuts, tree nuts,
shellfish, eggs, and milk
cause 90% of food
allergies

Prevention and
Treatment

Obesity

Poor treatment by peers


Hypertension
Diabetes
Heart disease
Hardening of the arteries
Overweight adults

Feel sick when sugar is


high or low

Sniffles, pain, diarrhea,


nausea, swelling, rashes,
congestion
Anaphylactic shock
(can be fatal)

Teach foods low in fat and


calories
Provide exercise
Build self-esteem
Serve healthy. low-fat
foods

Balanced foods and portion


sizes
Ask parents for personalized
meal plan

Offer safe substitutes


Eliminate food and smells
from classroom