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Quarter 4 Honors Project Check In 1

Student Name: Aditi Shekar


a. Childs Gender: Male
b. Childs Name: Tristopher
c. Childs parents: Autumn and Aditi
2. Karyotype: Describe what information you can gain from your
childs karyotype.
a. What sex chromosomes does your child have shown on their
karyotype? X and Y chromosome
b. How many chromosomes does your child have in each cell? 47
chromosomes
c. Does your child have a chromosomal abnormality? If so, what
abnormality? Yes, Downs Syndrome
d. Describe how it appears on the karyotype. Trisomy on the 21st
chromosome
e. What are the symptoms of the disorder? People who have downs are
shorter than average, they have a low muscle tone, they have a short and
wide neck, short stocky arms and legs, slanted eyes, a flat nasal bridge,
small ears, and an irregular/crooked mouth, tongue, and teeth. Health
problems are intellectual disability, heart defects, depression or behavioral
issues, respiratory and dental issues, eye conditions, and sometimes
constipation.
f. What is the prognosis for your baby with this disorder? Today,
people with Downs Syndrome can live above 50. People with downs are living
fuller lives with jobs that can provide assistance for them and are suited for
them. They also are now marrying and are getting more attention. They have
a better quality of life.
g. What treatments and/or assistance would be necessary? People
with downs will receive quality care in a home or community. They will have
assistance from professional workers (physicians, speech therapists, special
educators, occupational therapists, physical therapists, and social workers).
People with downs will need special medical care and have assistive devices,
such as hearing aids, computers, special pencils, and large keyboards.
3. Pedigree: What gene disorder is indicated by your family history?
Attach the pedigree that you created based on your family history.
Dont forget that if there are known carriers, you should shade
them!
a. Based on your pedigree draw Punnett squares to predict the
probability that your child will also have the allelic disorder. Make

sure that you state the probability after completing the Punnett
Squares!
Tristopher has a 25% chance or a 0% chance of getting PKU.

b. What are the signs and symptoms of this disorder? Signs and
symptoms are intellectual disabilities or mental retardation, seizures,
tremors and jerky hand and leg movements, hyperactivity, stunted growth,
eczema, musty odor, lighter hair and skin than the rest of the family, poor
bone strength, delayed development, and a smaller head.
c. What treatments and/or assistance would be necessary for a child
with this disorder?
The best treatment for PKU is to cut out phenylalanine (dont eat as much
protein) in your diet. Treatment at a medical center is best so the patient can
eat a proper diet and be taken care of while still having a good quality of life.
4. Blood Types: Write out all possible Punnett Square(s) to predict
your babys blood type. Explain why multiple squares were or were
not necessary.
5. Baby Lab
a. Choose 2 traits that are inherited by basic autosomal dominance
or recessiveness.
Face shape and eyelash length.
i. For each trait, give the babys genotype and state whether it is
homozygous dominant, heterozygous, or homozygous recessive
Face Shape: Aa (Heterozygous Dominant)
Eyelash Length: vv (Homozygous Recessive)
ii. State the babys phenotype
Face Shape: Round
Eyelash Length: Short
b. Choose 1 trait that is inherited by incomplete dominance.
Hair Type
i.
Explain why this is considered to be incomplete dominance.
This is incomplete dominance because having an SS is curly hair and having
and ss is straight hair, so having Ss is in the middle or a blend between the
two traits, leaving the trait for Ss or wavy hair.
ii.
State the babys genotype and phenotype in your
explanation
Genotype: Ss
Phenotype: Wavy Hair
c. Choose 1 trait that is polygenic.

Eye color
i. Explain what polygenic means Characteristics controlled by 2 or more
genes
ii. State your babys genotype and phenotype in your explanation
Genotype: PpQq
Phenotype: Dark Blue Eyes

6. List 2 Correctly-cited resources from which you found the


information about your genetic disorders in MLA format.
"Down Syndrome-Symptoms." WebMD. WebMD, 9 Sept. 2014. Web. 09 Nov.
2015.
"Down Syndrome Prognosis." My Child Without Limits RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 09
Nov. 2015.
"What Are Common Treatments for Down Syndrome?" What Are Common
Treatments for Down Syndrome? N.p., 17 Jan. 2014. Web. 09 Nov. 2015.
Slightham, Cindie, and George Krucik, MD. "Phenylketonuria." Healthline.
N.p., 20 Aug. 2012. Web. 09 Nov. 2015.
"Phenylketonuria (PKU)." Symptoms. Mayo Clinic Staff, 26 Nov. 2014. Web.
09 Nov. 2015.