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The Microprocessor

Task 1: This is a difficult unit and you need to ensure that you use the
theory sheet. Answer the questions below. These questions will be
used in your animation
1. What does CPU stand for?
Central Processing Unit
2. Why does a computer need a CPU?
The CPU is responsible for executing a sequence of stored instructions
called a program.
3. Where is the CPU located?
It's in a socket on your motherboard. It's under the big heat-sink &
4. List three things that the CPU does to make the computer
work properly?
Fetch: In the first step, the CPU retrieves the instruction that it needs
to run from program memory. Each instruction in a program (which
contains millions of instructions) is stored at a specific address. The
CPU has a program counter, which keeps track of the CPUs position in
the program more specifically, the address of the instruction that
the CPU is accessing.
Decode: For this step the specific language breaks the code down to
Assembly Language. Assembly language is a language that the CPU
understands, but may vary between different CPUs. From there on, an
assembler translates Assembly Language into binary code, which
the CPU can manipulate to execute the instructions it is given.
Write-back: Typically, each of the actions taken by the CPU produces
some sort of output. The CPU takes this output and writes it into the
computers memory.

5. What does a person buying a computer need to know

about the CPU?
There are three main processor manufacturers: AMD, Cyrix, and
Intel. Each of these companies have good and bad reviews, and
really each of them are very close in compatibility and reliability.
When considering any of these processors verify the
motherboard is compatible. It is highly recommended that all
processors have a heat sink. The heat sink helps to allow for the
processor to remain cool and therefore run more efficiently. A
computer processor with a missing, bad or failing heat sink can
cause the computer to lock up, cause errors or encounter other
6. Research task:
Use the internet to find a picture of a computer that is on sale. Read
the product details. Manufacturers will often list the model of the
microprocessor as well as the clock speed, bus speed and cache

Answer the following questions:

a) What is the model of the processor?
Intel Celeron G1840

b) What is the internal clock speed of the CPU?

c) What is the amount of cache memory?
d) What is the bus speed?