You are on page 1of 58

Best Practices Guide

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software


For use with ePolicy Orchestrator 4.6.7 and 5.1.0 Software

COPYRIGHT
Copyright 2013 McAfee, Inc. Do not copy without permission.

TRADEMARK ATTRIBUTIONS
McAfee, the McAfee logo, McAfee Active Protection, McAfee DeepSAFE, ePolicy Orchestrator, McAfee ePO, McAfee EMM, Foundscore, Foundstone, Policy
Lab, McAfee QuickClean, Safe Eyes, McAfee SECURE, SecureOS, McAfee Shredder, SiteAdvisor, McAfee Stinger, McAfee Total Protection, TrustedSource,
VirusScan, WaveSecure are trademarks or registered trademarks of McAfee, Inc. or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Other
names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.
Product and feature names and descriptions are subject to change without notice. Please visit mcafee.com for the most current products and features.

LICENSE INFORMATION
License Agreement
NOTICE TO ALL USERS: CAREFULLY READ THE APPROPRIATE LEGAL AGREEMENT CORRESPONDING TO THE LICENSE YOU PURCHASED, WHICH SETS
FORTH THE GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR THE USE OF THE LICENSED SOFTWARE. IF YOU DO NOT KNOW WHICH TYPE OF LICENSE YOU
HAVE ACQUIRED, PLEASE CONSULT THE SALES AND OTHER RELATED LICENSE GRANT OR PURCHASE ORDER DOCUMENTS THAT ACCOMPANY YOUR
SOFTWARE PACKAGING OR THAT YOU HAVE RECEIVED SEPARATELY AS PART OF THE PURCHASE (AS A BOOKLET, A FILE ON THE PRODUCT CD, OR A
FILE AVAILABLE ON THE WEBSITE FROM WHICH YOU DOWNLOADED THE SOFTWARE PACKAGE). IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO ALL OF THE TERMS SET
FORTH IN THE AGREEMENT, DO NOT INSTALL THE SOFTWARE. IF APPLICABLE, YOU MAY RETURN THE PRODUCT TO MCAFEE OR THE PLACE OF
PURCHASE FOR A FULL REFUND.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Contents

Preface

About this guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Find product documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5
5
5
6

Introduction

Comprehensive protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Purpose of this guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Design overview

Support for self-encrypting (Opal from Trusted Computing Group) drives . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


Drive Encryption Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Configure UBP enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
PBA in Drive Encryption 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
How Drive Encryption works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
McAfee ePO requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Testing for client system requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Software configuration and policies

13

Active Directory configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Managing LDAP attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Product Settings policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended user-based policy settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checklist for using Intel AMT and Drive Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Phased deployment strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Deployment and activation

31

Basic preparations and recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


High-level process of installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create client deployment task . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Add group users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Add local domain users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Encryption activation sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Activate Drive Encryption using Add local domain users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Skip Unused Sectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Operations and maintenance

32
34
34
35
36
36
37
39
39

41

Managing servers and client systems general recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


How disabling/deleting a user in Active Directory affects the Drive Encryption user . . . . . . .
Machine Key Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configure role-based access control for managing Drive Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Encryption 7.1 scalability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

13
14
16
24
26
27

41
41
42
44
45

Best Practices Guide

Contents

Migration and upgrade

47

Best practices for migration and upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Export user assignments from 5.x.x database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Import user assignments to McAfee ePO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Upgrade to Drive Encryption 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Client status reporting in ePolicy Orchestrator

53

Track the progress of the deployment and encryption status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Report encryption status from McAfee ePO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Index

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

47
49
50
51

53
54

55

Best Practices Guide

Preface

This guide provides the information on best practices on using McAfee Drive Encryption.
Contents
About this guide
Find product documentation

About this guide


This information describes the guide's target audience, the typographical conventions and icons used
in this guide, and how the guide is organized.

Audience
McAfee documentation is carefully researched and written for the target audience.
The information in this guide is intended primarily for:

Administrators People who implement and enforce the company's security program.

Conventions
This guide uses these typographical conventions and icons.
Book title, term,
emphasis

Title of a book, chapter, or topic; a new term; emphasis.

Bold

Text that is strongly emphasized.

User input, code,


message

Commands and other text that the user types; a code sample; a displayed
message.

Interface text

Words from the product interface like options, menus, buttons, and dialog
boxes.

Hypertext blue

A link to a topic or to an external website.


Note: Additional information, like an alternate method of accessing an
option.
Tip: Suggestions and recommendations.
Important/Caution: Valuable advice to protect your computer system,
software installation, network, business, or data.
Warning: Critical advice to prevent bodily harm when using a hardware
product.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Preface
Find product documentation

Find product documentation


McAfee provides the information you need during each phase of product implementation, from
installation to daily use and troubleshooting. After a product is released, information about the product
is entered into the McAfee online KnowledgeBase.
Task
1

Go to the McAfee Technical Support ServicePortal at http://mysupport.mcafee.com.

Under Self Service, access the type of information you need:


To access...

Do this...

User documentation

1 Click Product Documentation.


2 Select a product, then select a version.
3 Select a product document.

KnowledgeBase

Click Search the KnowledgeBase for answers to your product questions.


Click Browse the KnowledgeBase for articles listed by product and version.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Introduction

McAfee Drive Encryption (DE) provides superior encryption across a variety of endpoints such as
desktops and laptops. The McAfee Drive Encryption solution uses strong access control with Pre-Boot
Authentication (PBA) and a NIST-approved algorithm to encrypt data on endpoints. Encryption and
decryption are completely transparent to the end user and are performed without hindering system
performance.
Administrators can easily implement and enforce security policies that control how sensitive data is
encrypted. These policies allow the administrators to monitor real-time events and generate reports to
demonstrate compliance with internal and regulatory requirements.
Drive Encryption offers an advantage over other competitive encryption products, because it engages
encryption prior to loading the operating system, while data is at rest.
Contents
Comprehensive protection
Purpose of this guide

Comprehensive protection
The McAfee Drive Encryption suite provides multiple layers of defense against data loss with several
integrated modules that address specific areas of risk. The suite provides protection for individual
computers and roaming laptops with Basic Input Output System (BIOS), Extensible Firmware Interface
(EFI), and Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI).
This release supports UEFI-based tablets, using a McAfee Tablet Test tool to verify if the pre-boot
environment will respond to the touch interface on your tablet. For more information about this tool,
see this KnowledgeBase article KB78050.

Purpose of this guide


This guide suggests best practices for deployment and activation. It also discusses optimization and
maintenance before and after deployment.
When planning a large-scale deployment of Drive Encryption 7.1, it is important to understand:

The features of McAfee ePolicy Orchestrator (McAfee ePO)

The process of scaling the back-end component

Active Directory and LDAP

The associated Drive Encryption communication

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Introduction
Purpose of this guide

This document encapsulates the professional opinions of Drive Encryption certified engineers, and is
not an exact science. You must understand both the product and the environment where it will be
used before deciding on an implementation strategy. Calculations and figures in this guide are based
on field evidence and not theoretical system testing; they are our best advice at the time of writing.
Review the best practices and use the guidelines that best fit your environment.

Abbreviations
The following table lists the abbreviations used in this document.
Table 1-1 Abbreviations

Abbreviation

Definition

AD

Active Directory

ALDU

Add Local Domain User

ASCI

Agent Server Communication Interval

BIOS

Basic Input/Output System

DN

Domain Name

DE

Drive Encryption

DEAgent

Drive Encryption Agent

EFI

Extensible Firmware Interface

ePO

ePolicy Orchestrator

GPT

GUID Partition Table

GUID

Globally Unique Identifier

LDAP

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

MBR

Master Boot Record

NIST

National Institute of Standards and Technology

OS

Operating System

OU

Organizational Unit

PBA

Pre-Boot Authentication

PC

Personal Computer

SSO

Single Sign On

UBP

User-Based Policy

UEFI

Unified Extensible Firmware Interface

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Design overview

The McAfee ePO server is a central store of configuration information for all systems, servers, policies,
and users.
Each time the administrator initiates a policy update or an Agent Server Communication Interval
(ASCI), the Drive Encryption protected system connects with McAfee ePO. The Drive Encryption
protected system queries McAfee ePO for any configuration updates and downloads them. Examples of
updates include a new user assigned to the client system, a change in policies, or a change in server
settings specified by the administrator.
The Drive Encryption protected system also updates any changes on the client system back to the
McAfee ePO server, for example, change of user's password token data.
Contents
Support for self-encrypting (Opal from Trusted Computing Group) drives
Drive Encryption Policies
PBA in Drive Encryption 7.1
How Drive Encryption works
McAfee ePO requirements
Testing for client system requirements

Support for self-encrypting (Opal from Trusted Computing


Group) drives
Opal drives are self-contained, standalone Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) that conform to the TCG Opal
standard. Drive Encryption 7.1 provides a management facility for Opal drives.
An Opal drive is always encrypted by the onboard crypto processor, however, it might or might not be
locked. Although the Opal drives handle all of the encryption, they need to be managed by
management software like McAfee ePO. If an Opal drive is not managed, it behaves and responds like
a normal HDD.
The combination of McAfee ePO and Drive Encryption for Opal provides:

Centralized management

Reporting and recovery functionality

Secure Pre-Boot Authentication that unlocks the Opal drive

Efficient user management

Continuous policy enforcement

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Design overview
Drive Encryption Policies

The overall experience and tasks of administrators and users in installing and using Drive Encryption is
the same, whether the target system has an Opal drive or a normal HDD. The installation of the
product extension, deployment of the software packages, policy enforcement, and the method of
management are the same for systems with Opal and Non-Opal HDDs.

Drive Encryption Policies


Drive Encryption is managed through the McAfee ePO server, using a combination of Product Settings,
User-Based, and Add Local Domain User Settings policies.
The McAfee ePO console enables the administrator to enforce policies across groups of computers, or
on a single computer. Any new policy enforcement through McAfee ePO overrides the existing policy
that is already set on the individual systems.
There are three types of policies:

Product Settings Policy The policy settings control the behavior of the Drive Encryption installed
systems. For example, it contains the options for enabling encryption, enabling automatic booting,
and controlling the theme for the pre-boot environment. These settings are specific to a system or
a group of systems.

User-Based Policy These policy settings control the parameters for Drive Encryption user accounts.
For example, it contains the options for selecting a token type (including password and smartcard)
and password content rules. These settings are specific to a user, or a group of users, on a system
or a group of systems.

Add Local Domain User Settings Policy These policy settings are used to add a blacklist of users to the
ALDU functionality. Blacklisted users are excluded from the list of users assigned by the ALDU
function.

Configure UBP enforcement


By default, all users inherit the default user-based policy (UBP) assigned to a system and are
prevented from using Policy Assignment Rules. This allows maximum system scalability. User-based
policies should be kept to a minimum because UBPs impact on performance and activation time.
Before you begin
You must have administrator rights to perform this task.
To allow a user to use a non-default User Based Policy, you must enable UBP enforcement for that
user. This allows Policy Assignment Rules to be executed to select a specific non-default UBP for the
user. If not enabled, Policy Assignment Rules are not performed and the user inherits the default UBP.
Failing to assign UBP using Policy Assignment Rule to users, with UBP enforcement enabled, might
cause Drive Encryption activation to fail.

User-based policies in Drive Encryption 7.1


Drive Encryption 7.1 requires that you specify which groups of users are allowed to use the Policy
Assignment Rules. The allowed users get their required user-based policies. Users that are not allowed
to use the Policy Assignment Rules inherit the default user-based policies assigned to the system.
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
Task

10

Click Menu | Reporting | Queries.

Under Shared Groups in the Groups pane, select Drive Encryption. The standard DE query list appears.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Design overview
PBA in Drive Encryption 7.1

Run the DE: Users query to list all the Drive Encryption users.

Select at least one user from the list to enforce the policy.

Click Actions | Drive Encryption | Configure UBP enforcement.

Select Enable or Disable, then click OK to configure the UBP enforcement state.

At each ASCI, McAfee ePO makes sure that all relevant user-based policies are deployed to each
client in addition to the user-based policy for the logged on user configured with UBP enforcement.

When Enable is selected, Policy Assignment Rules are enabled for the selected users, and a specific
UBP is assigned to the user according to the rule defined. Policy Assignment Rules are enabled for
the selected users only if a rule has been set for those users.

PBA in Drive Encryption 7.1


On BIOS-based systems, the Drive Encryption operating system provides security by booting prior to
Windows and requiring Pre-Boot Authentication before the user is allowed to access the main
operating system. On UEFI-based systems, the Drive Encryption software runs as a trusted application
providing the same level of functionality.
PBA in Drive Encryption prevents the Windows operating system from loading until the user has
authenticated with the correct password. It eliminates the possibility that one of the millions of lines of
the OS code can compromise the privacy of personal or company data.
The PBA provided by Drive Encryption has proven time and time again to be the best Data Protection
solution in the market. The PBA solution is an unmatched best practice to be followed by any
organization for system security and data protection.

How Drive Encryption works


A boot sequence is executed by the BIOS leading to the starting of the bootable operating systems.
The boot sequence is the initial set of operations that the computer performs when it is switched on. A
boot loader (or a bootstrap loader) is a short computer program that loads the main operating system
for the computer. The BIOS first looks at a boot record, which is the logical area zero (or starting point)
point of the disk drive, known as the Master Boot Record (MBR), which contains the boot loader.
On BIOS systems
Drive Encryption alters the MBR; the BIOS loads the modified MBR, which then loads the sector chain
containing the Pre-Boot environment. This pre-boot screen prompts the user for authentication
credentials, which might be a password, smart card, or token.
On UEFI systems
The UEFI specification defines a boot manager, a firmware policy engine that is in charge of loading
the OS loader and all necessary drivers. The boot configuration is controlled by a set of global NVRAM
variables, including boot variables that indicate the paths to the loaders.
PBA is a UEFI application started by the UEFI Boot Manager before the Windows bootloader uses
standard UEFI protocols for GUI implementation (Graphics Output Protocol, Simple Pointer Protocol,
and so on.)

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

11

Design overview
McAfee ePO requirements

GPT Headers and Partition Tables cannot be encrypted:

The data in these regions is required before the disk is unlocked

The disk would not be recognized as a valid GPT disk and the system would be unable to boot

After the user enters valid authentication credentials, the operating system starts to load and the user
can use the computer in a normal way.
Encrypting a PC with Drive Encryption is the best and the most important practice that any
organization can implement for protecting their data.

McAfee ePO requirements


The McAfee ePO server is a central store of configuration information for all systems, servers, policies,
and users. It can be installed only on Windows Server 2003, 2008, or 2012 operating systems. For
detailed information about installing or using McAfee ePO, see the ePolicy Orchestrator product
documentation.

Supported environments for McAfee ePO and Drive Encryption


As new operating systems and service packs are released, the original product guides for McAfee ePO
and Drive Encryption might not reflect the current McAfee support policy for those platforms.
To view supported environments for McAfee ePO and Drive Encryption, read this Knowledge Base
article: https://kc.mcafee.com/corporate/index?page=content&id=KB79422
For more details, you can also refer to the McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1 Product Guide.

Hardware requirements for McAfee ePO


For details on the hardware requirements for McAfee ePO, see the product documentation for your
version of McAfee ePO.

Software requirements
For details on the software requirements for McAfee ePO and McAfee Agent, see the Release Notes for
Drive Encryption.
Clients communicating with McAfee ePO 4.6 through VPN disappear from the McAfee tree. For details, ,
read this Knowledge Base article: https://kc.mcafee.com/corporate/index?page=content&id=KB52949

Testing for client system requirements


Client systems must meet the requirements for Drive Encryption before the product can be installed.
The Pre-Boot Smart Check can be used with the Drive Encryption GO (DEGO) 7.1 utility to help with
initial deployments. DEGO performs checks and validation in the operating system, and the Pre-Boot
Smart Check performs checks/validations outside of the operating system. The combined usage of
these tools provides the highest confidence of a successful deployment.
For more information, see Requirements testing for client systems in the McAfee Drive Encryption
Product Guide.

12

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Software configuration and policies

When planning for a rollout and deployment of Drive Encryption, we recommend that you understand
these important tasks.

How to configure an LDAP server in McAfee ePO

How to schedule and run the Ldapsync: Sync across users from LDAP task

How to configure policies and different strategies for phased deployments

Contents
Active Directory configuration
Managing LDAP attributes
Recommended Product Settings policy
Recommended user-based policy settings
Checklist for using Intel AMT and Drive Encryption
Phased deployment strategies

Active Directory configuration


Drive Encryption users are assigned to the client systems from an Active Directory (AD) registered in
ePolicy Orchestrator. The McAfee ePO Server is responsible for the connection between the client and
AD.
Drive Encryption users can also be created from the McAfee ePO server when the user directory is
installed.
Check for the correct format of the Domain name, Username, and Server Address while registering the
LDAP server in McAfee ePO.

AD users are different from Drive Encryption users.

A user exists in AD.

User string is added as a pre-boot user.

User string is then matched to AD to verify if it exists.

User string is used to login into pre-boot.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

13

Software configuration and policies


Managing LDAP attributes

If the correct SSO options are selected, the user string is compared.

The end user perceives that he is logging on only once using a single user, however, the underlying
mechanism still uses two different users, one to log on at pre-boot and another to log on against
Active Directory.

Figure 3-1 Register Active Directory


It is better to enter the IP address of the domain server in the Server name field than to enter the
domain name of the domain server. This is due to the potential problems caused by DNS failures and/or
canonical DNS servers failing to resolve the LDAP servers for the domain.

The Test Connection might sometimes be successful even if you havent keyed in the domain name
and the username in the correct format, however, the error could hinder the Drive Encryption
activation. These issues are primarily seen with misconfiguration of the LDAP or DNS server. To
investigate such issues further, perform troubleshooting in those areas. Common issues are
non-accessible LDAP or referral server; or incorrect name resolution.

Managing LDAP attributes


Make sure you use the correct user attribute format to manage LDAP attributes for Drive Encryption.

Username
The value of this field determines the username attributes at PBA. For example, if the username value
is set to samaccountname, the user must provide the samaccountname on the Pre-Boot
Authentication page.

Display Name
The value of this field determines the form of the username displayed in ePolicy Orchestrator (Menu |
Reporting | Queries | Drive Encryption | DE: Users and Menu | Data Protection | Encryption Users | Actions | Drive
Encryption | View Users) pages. For example, if the username attribute is set to samaccountname and
Display Name attribute is set to userprincipalname, the username appears as name
(paul)@domain.com.

14

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Software configuration and policies


Managing LDAP attributes

If the Display name attribute is set to userprincipalname, the username appears as name
(paul)@mcafee.com whereas the user will be allowed to log on with the name value name (paul).
(This can be different depending on the attribute selected in the username field and value of the
attribute set in the LDAP).
If the attribute value used for username or display name is not set in the LDAP server for any user,
Drive Encryption uses the attribute distinguished name for that particular object.

Account Control
This attribute checks for the status of the user, for example, if the user is enabled or disabled on the
LDAP server.

User Certificate
The User Certificate attribute is used by the McAfee ePO Server to determine which certificate should
be sent from ePolicy Orchestrator to the client, for example, smartcard tokens. It is better to clear this
attribute when you use the Password only token. Setting this attribute can accumulate large amount
of certificate data in the McAfee ePO database and impact LDAP performance; therefore, you can
remove the certificate query from DE LdapSync: Sync across users from LDAP task while using the Password
only token.
After changing the attribute value for any of the fields, the DE LdapSync: Sync across users from LDAP task
needs to be run, to make sure the ePolicy Orchestrator database is updated with the new values.

Adding users
Select specific OUs, Users, or Groups while assigning users using Menu | Data Protection | Encryption Users |
Actions | Drive Encryption | Add User(s) option. The Add Drive Encryption Users page provides three options, Users,
From the groups, and From the organizational units with recursive option for Groups and OUs. You can click on
the corresponding Browse button to list the Users, Groups, or OUs present in the configured LDAP
server.
Although Drive Encryption 7.1 increases the number of users that pre-boot can support to 1000s rather
than 100s, we recommend minimizing the number of users assigned per node. Firstly, best security
practice aims to limit the number of users that can access a system to the smallest group of users.
Secondly, assigning large numbers of users to each node might affect the overall scalability of the entire
system and reduce the maximum number of nodes that can be supported by Drive Encryption.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

15

Software configuration and policies


Recommended Product Settings policy

The McAfee ePO server allows the administrator to filter user accounts that can be imported into Drive
Encryption, based on a portion of LDAP. For example, if the configured LDAP has two major OUs:
OU=My OU and OU=Phils_OU and if only the user accounts from OU=My OU need to be imported,
then it can be achieved easily using McAfee ePO Server.
The Recursive option, if selected, adds the users of the sub-groups and sub-OUs in the selected groups
and OUs.

Figure 3-2 Assigning users from OUs

Recommended Product Settings policy


The Product Settings policy controls the behavior of the Drive Encryption client. For example, it
contains the options for enabling encryption, enabling automatic booting, and controlling the theme
for the pre-boot environment.
You can configure the Product Settings policy by navigating through Menu | Policy | Policy Catalog, then
selecting Drive Encryption 7.1 from the Product drop-down list. Select Product Settings from the Category
drop-down list, locate the My Default policy, then click Edit Settings. For more information about individual
policy settings, see the McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1 Product Guide.
The Product Settings policy options are organized into a series of tabs.

16

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Software configuration and policies


Recommended Product Settings policy

Table 3-1 General tab


Policy
Options

Recommendations

Enable Policy

Leave this option checked (enabled). This policy should be enabled to activate Drive
Encryption on the client system. This option needs to be disabled to uninstall Drive
Encryption from the client.
The Only activate if Health Check (Drive Encryption GO) check passes option is applicable only if the
DEGO extension is installed in McAfee ePO.

Logging Level

Set the required logging level.


To overwrite the logging level defined in ePolicy Orchestrator, the
LoggingLevelOverride registry key needs to be set on the client system.

None Does not create any log for the client system managed by McAfee ePO.
Error Logs only error messages.
Error and Warnings Logs the error and warning messages.
Error, Warnings, and Informational Logs the error and warning messages with
more descriptions.
Error, Warnings, Informational and Debug Logs the error, warning, and
debug messages. We recommend that you enable this option only when you require
extended logging for troubleshooting purposes. Try not to enable this option for
standard usage because it might impact the performance.
Harden against
cold boot
attacks when

Allows you to use the Elevated Security Crypt mode to help protect against cold-boot
and other RAM-based attacks, when:
The system is locked The encryption driver switches to the Elevated Security Crypt
mode when the user locks the screen.
The user is logged off The encryption driver switches to the Elevated Security Crypt
mode when the user logs off.
The system is in standby The encryption driver switches to the Elevated Security Crypt
mode when the system in standby
For more information, see Protection of systems in Windows lock, log off, and standby
states in the McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1 Product Guide.

Expire users
Leave this option checked (enabled). This option allows the administrator to control
who do not login and manage the users who have not logged on to the client system. This option forces
the user account, which is not initialized, to expire after a number of hours as set in
the policy. This feature allows you to control access to client systems by preventing
unauthorized access using uninitialized user accounts.
Allow users to
create endpoint
info file

Leave this option checked (enabled). This option allows the user to collect client
system details such as the list of assigned users, policy settings, recovery, and Drive
Encryption status.
After enabling this option, a Save Machine info button appears in Windows, under McAfee
Agent Tray | Quick Settings | Show Drive Encryption Status. You can click this button and save the
text file for later reference.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

17

Software configuration and policies


Recommended Product Settings policy

Table 3-2 Encryption tab


Policy
Options

Recommendations

Encrypt

Allows you to select the required encryption type and to set the encryption priority.

Encryption type

All Disks is the recommended option (the None option does not initiate the encryption).
The All disks except boot disk option, which encrypts all disks except the boot disk, is not a
recommended option.
The None, All disks except boot disk, and Selected partitions options are not applicable for
selfencrypting drives in Opal mode.

Selected
Partitions

Allows you to select the required partitions of the client system to be encrypted. You
can select the required partitions by specifying the Windows drive letters or volume
names.
Partition level encryption is not applicable to client systems using Opal encryption. If
the selected partitions include both Opal and non-Opal hard drives, both will be
software-encrypted.
Do not assign a drive letter to the Windows 7 hidden system partition on your client
system. Assigning the drive letter prevents activation of Drive Encryption software on
the client system.

This table also lists the available encryption providers (PC Software and PC Opal)
available. You can change and set the encryption priority by moving the encryption
provider rows up and down, as appropriate.
By default, software encryption is used on both Opal and non-Opal systems in this
version of Drive Encryption. To ensure that Opal technology is chosen in preference to
software encryption, we recommend that you always set Opal as the default
encryption provider, by moving it to the top of the list on the Encryption Providers page.
This ensures that Opal locking will be used on Opal drives.
Make sure that you select the required encryption type, as appropriate. Policy
enforcement might fail on client systems if you select an unsupported encryption type.

Table 3-3 Log On (Drive Encryption) tab


Policy
Options

Recommendations

Enable automatic
booting

Leave this option unchecked (disabled). If you enable this feature, the client system
does not have the PBA. This is normally referred to as Autoboot mode. Nonetheless,
enabling this option can be helpful when you need to manage the autobooting
scenarios. There are multiple scenarios where this option can be enabled or
disabled. For instance, to minimize the end user impact during rollout, or to allow
patches to be installed and the reboots to take place without end user intervention
during patch cycles. It is the responsibility of the administrator to decide on when to
enable or disable this option.
If you enable this option, the Drive Encryption software does not protect the data on
the drive when it is not in use.

Disable and restart system after 3 (110) failed logons or unlocks (Windows only, Vista onwards) We
recommend that you enable this option if you enabled the Enable automatic booting
option. This option disables the system autoboot after a specific number of failed
Windows logons.
Allow temporary
automatic booting

18

Allows you to turn (on or off) the PBA screen, with a client-side utility. This
eliminates the need to modify the policy in McAfee ePO, and fully automates
patching and other client management scenarios.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Software configuration and policies


Recommended Product Settings policy

Table 3-3 Log On (Drive Encryption) tab (continued)


Policy
Options

Recommendations

Use of TPM for


automatic booting

Select one of these options:


Never The encryption key is written to a plain-text file, which is unencrypted.
The system is not secure.
If available If the TPM is available, the encryption key is written to a plain-text file,
which is encrypted. The system is secure.
If the TPM is not available, the encryption key is written to a plain-text file, which
is unencrypted. The system is not secure.
Required (Note: if TPM is not available on the system, automatic booting will not be enabled) If the
required TPM is available, the encryption key is written to a plain-text file, which is
encrypted. The system is secure.
If the required TPM is not available, automatic booting is not enabled and the PBA
screen is displayed. The system is secure.
This option is applicable only for systems installed with Drive Encryption 7.1. If you
apply a policy to earlier versions of Drive Encryption (i.e., EEPC) with automatic
booting enabled and set TPM use to Required, the client system is left in an
unprotected state because autoboot is enabled with no protection of the disk
encryption key.

Log on message

Type a message that appears to the client user.

Do not display
Leave this option checked (enabled). This option prevents the client system from
previous user name displaying the user name of the last logged on user automatically on all Drive
at log on
Encryption logon dialog boxes.
Enable on screen
keyboard

Leave this option checked (enabled), especially for tablets or on-screen mouse
device systems. This option enables the PreBoot OnScreen Keyboard (OSK) and
the associated Wacom serial pen driver. When this option is enabled, the pen driver
finds a supported pen hardware and displays the OSK.
If you do not select this option, the BIOS uses mouse emulation. In such a situation,
the BIOS treats the digitizer as a standard mouse, which might lead to the cursor
being out of sync with the stylus on USB-connected Wacom pen digitizers.

Always display on
screen keyboard

Forces the PreBoot to always display a clickable onscreen keyboard regardless of


whether the pen driver finds suitable hardware or not.
This is valid for BIOS-based hardware only. On UEFI, the digitizer is managed by the
UEFI software, so the UEFI implementation needs to contain drivers for the digitizer.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

19

Software configuration and policies


Recommended Product Settings policy

Table 3-3 Log On (Drive Encryption) tab (continued)


Policy
Options

Recommendations

Add local domain


Disabled Selecting this option does not add any local domain users to the client
users (and tag with
system.
'EE:ALDU')
Add all previous and current local domain users of the system Any domain users who have
previously and are currently logged on to the system, are able to authenticate
through the PreBoot, even if the administrator has not explicitly assigned the user
to the client system.
Only add currently logged on local domain user(s); activation is dependent on a successful user
assignment Leave this option selected (enabled) so that only the domain users
who are logged on to the current Windows session are added to the system. As a
result, Drive Encryption is activated, even if the administrator has not explicitly
assigned the user to the client system.
If you select this option, at least one user should be added to the client system for
successful Drive Encryption activation on the client. The activation doesn't happen
until a user logs on to Windows as a domain user. This domain should have been
registered in McAfee ePO.

Enable
Accessibility
(Windows
BIOS systems
only)

Leave this option checked (enabled). This option is helpful to visually challenged
users. If selected, the system beeps as a signal when the user moves the focus from
one field to the next using a mouse or keyboard in the PreBoot environment.
The USB audio functionality allows visually impaired users to hear an audio signal
(spoken word) as guidance when the user moves the cursor from one field to the
next in the pre-boot environment. The USB speakers and headphones can be used
to listen to the audio signal.
USB audio functionality requires that the Always enable pre-boot USB support option be
selected on the Boot Options tab.

Disable preboot
authentication
when not
synchronized

Leave this option checked (enabled). This option blocks the user from logging on to
PBA in the client system, if the client system is not synchronized with the McAfee
ePO server for the set number of days. When the user is blocked from logging on to
PBA, the user should request the administrator to perform the Administrator
Recovery to unlock the client system. This allows the client system to boot and
communicate with the McAfee ePO server.
The client system will continue to block the user from logging on to the system until
the synchronization with ePolicy Orchestrator happens. This is especially useful to
prevent unauthorized access to laptops that have been misplaced, lost or stolen.

20

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Software configuration and policies


Recommended Product Settings policy

Table 3-3 Log On (Drive Encryption) tab (continued)


Policy
Options

Recommendations

Read username
from smartcard

Leave this option checked (enabled). This option automatically retrieves the
available user information on the client system from the inserted smartcard; hence
the Authentication window does not prompt for a username. The user can then
authenticate just by typing the correct PIN.
You need to enable the matching rules that are required for matching smartcard
user principle name (UPN) with Drive Encryption usernames.
This feature is supported on the Gemalto .Net V2+ tokens, and PIV and CAC tokens.

Match certificate user name field up to @ sign Match the certificate user name up to the @
sign of the user name. For example, if the UPN is SomeUser@SomeDomain.com
and the Drive Encryption user name is SomeUser, a match is found.
Hide user name during authentication On selecting this option, the Drive Encryption user
name does not appear in the Authentication window.
Lock workstation
when inactive

Leave this option unchecked (disabled). The client system is locked when it is
inactive for the set time.

Table 3-4 Log On tab


Option

Definition

Enable SSO

Leave this option checked (enabled).


Must match user name Leave this option checked (enabled). This option ensures
the SSO details are only captured when the users Drive Encryption and
Windows user names match. This ensures that the SSO data captured is
replayed for the user for which it was captured. When you select the Enable SSO
option, the Must match user name option is also enabled by default.
Using smart card PIN Leave this option checked or unchecked based on whether
the eToken or smart card is used or not. This option allows Drive Encryption to
capture the smart card PIN for SSO.

Synchronize Drive
Encryption Password
with Windows

Leave this option checked (enabled). If selected, the Drive Encryption password
synchronizes to match the Windows password when the Windows password is
changed on the client system. For example, if users change their password on
the client, the Drive Encryption password is also changed to the same value.

Allow user to cancel


SSO

Leave this option checked (enabled). This option allows the user to cancel the
SSO to Windows in PreBoot. When this option is enabled, the user has an
additional checkbox at the bottom of the PreBoot logon dialog box.

Require Drive
This makes it mandatory for you to log on to PBA for EEPC 6.x.x systems,
Encryption logon (only
thereby disabling the SSO functionality.
supported on V6 clients)
Lock workstation when
inactive

Leave this option unchecked (disabled). The client system is locked when it is
inactive for the set time.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

21

Software configuration and policies


Recommended Product Settings policy

Table 3-5 Recovery tab


Policy
Options

Recommendations

Enabled

Leave this option checked (enabled). This is enabled by default to make sure that the
recovery is possible at any stage of the Drive Encryption management.

Administrator
recovery

Key size After consulting with your IT security, set the to the size adequate for
your organization requirements. This refers to a recovery key size that creates a
short Response Code for the recovery.
Low A recovery key size that creates a short Response Code for the recovery.
Medium A recovery key size that creates a medium size Response Code for the
recovery.
High A recovery key size that creates a lengthy Response Code for the recovery.
Full A recovery key size that creates a Response Code, with the maximum
number of characters, for the recovery.
Message Displays a text message when you select Recovery. This can include
information such as your help desk contact details.

Self-recovery

Allow users to re-enroll self-recovery information at PBA Leave this option checked (enabled)
only when required. On enabling this option, the client user's self-recovery details can
be reset, then the user has to enroll the self-recovery details with new self-recovery
answers.
Before resetting the self-recovery questions on the client system, make sure that you
have enabled the Enable Self Recovery option under User Based Policy | Self-recovery.

When this option is enabled, the Pre-Boot Authentication (user name) screen includes
the Reset self-recovery option. On selecting Reset self-recovery, the user is prompted for a
password, then self-recovery enrollment.
Only initialized users can reset their self-recovery details.

Table 3-6 Boot Options tab


Policy Options Recommendations
Enable Boot
Manager

Leave this option unchecked (disabled).This option activates the built in preboot
partition manager. This allows you to select the primary partition on the hard disk
that you wish to boot. Naming of the partition is also possible with the boot
manager. The time out for the booting to start can also be set.

Always enable
pre-boot USB
support

Leave this option checked (enabled) only when needed.


This option forces the Drive Encryption PreBoot code to always initialize the USB
stack. USB audio functionality allows the visually impaired users to listen to an
audio signal (spoken word) as a guidance when the user moves the cursor from one
field to the next, in the PreBoot environment. The USB speakers and headphones
can be used to listen to the audio signal.
To enable the USB audio functionality, select Enable Accessibility on the Log On (Drive
Encryption) tab.
You might notice an improper synchronization of the mouse cursor and the stylus on
USB-connected Wacom pen digitizers. To avoid this, enable this option.

22

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Software configuration and policies


Recommended Product Settings policy

Table 3-6 Boot Options tab (continued)


Policy Options Recommendations
Enable pre-boot
PCMCIA support

Leave this option unchecked (disabled) unless you require support for PCMCIA
devices in pre-boot.

Graphics mode

Leave the default setting, Automatic. This option allows you to select the screen
resolution for a system or a system group.

We recommend that you leave the default options on the Theme tab for easier deployment and
management.

Table 3-7 Out-of-Band tab


Policy Options Recommendations
Enable at PBA

Select this option to enable the Drive Encryption outofband management features
through policies, and then perform actions on Intel AMT provisioned client
systems.
You can select this option only if you have installed the Drive Encryption : Out Of Band
Management extension in McAfee ePO.

Table 3-8 Encryption Providers tab


Policy Options

Recommendations

Use compatible MBR

Leave this option unchecked (disabled). This option causes Drive Encryption to
boot a builtin fixed MBR instead of the original MBR that was on the system after
preboot logon.
It is used to avoid problems with some systems that had other software that runs
from the MBR and no longer work if Drive Encryption is installed.

Fix OS boot record


sides

Leave this option unchecked (disabled). Some boot records report an incorrect
number of sides. Selecting this option fixes this on the client system. This is
available only when you install the Drive Encryption extension.

Use Windows system


drive as boot drive

Leave this option unchecked (disabled). This is for maintaining the compatibility
with some systems where the disk 0 is not the boot disk. Selecting this option
forces the client system to assume that the boot disk is the one that contains the
Windows directory but not disk 0.

Enable PreBoot Smart


Check (BIOS-based
systems only)

Leave this option checked (enabled) only when needed. When you enable this
feature, it modifies the Drive Encryption activation sequence and creates a
preactivation stage, where a series of hardware compatibility checks are
performed prior to actual activation and subsequent encryption to successfully
activate Drive Encryption on platforms where BIOS issues might exist.
This feature is available only for BIOS systems using PC software encryption, and
is not available for UEFI or Opal systems.
The client system reboots several times before the Smart Check is completed.

Force system restart


once activation
completes

Leave this option checked only when needed (enabled). This option is selected by
default when you select the Enable PreBoot Smart Check (BIOS based systems only) option
to restart your system after activation.

Opal

This option requires all the drives in your client system to be Opal for the PC
Opal encryption provider to be activated.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

23

Software configuration and policies


Recommended user-based policy settings

Table 3-9 Companion Devices tab


Policy Options

Recommendations

Enable Companion Device Support Select this option to allow the user to perform system recovery using a
smartphone or mobile device.
The Companion Device application is now known as McAfee Endpoint
Assistant.

Recommended user-based policy settings


The user-based policy controls the parameters for Drive Encryption user accounts. For example, it
contains the options for selecting a token type (including password and smartcard) and password
content rules.
You can configure the user-based policies by clicking Menu | Policy | Policy Catalog, then selecting Drive
Encryption 7.1 from the Product drop-down list.
Select User Based Policies from the Category drop-down list. Locate the My Default policy and click Edit Settings.
For more information about individual policy settings, see the McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1 Product
Guide.
User-based policies in Drive Encryption
Drive Encryption 7.1 requires that you specify which groups of users are allowed to use the Policy
Assignment Rules. The allowed users get their required user-based policies. Users that are not allowed
to use the Policy Assignment Rules inherit the default user-based policies assigned to the system.
Enforce the desired user-based policy to a user assigned to a client system by enabling the Configure
UBP enforcement option.
If possible, it is always better to assign user-based policies at the system level or branch level, rather
than using the Policy Assignment Rules. However, you can use the Policy Assignment Rule option, if
required, to assign different policies to different users.

The user-based policy options are organized into these tabs.

24

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Software configuration and policies


Recommended user-based policy settings

Table 3-10 Authentication tab


Policy
Options

Recommendations

Token type

Select Password only. There are a number of other tokens that can be effectively used
for your authentication as required. However, the Password only token is as strong as
any other token that you could configure.

Certificate rule

Drive Encryption enhances the use of PKI and tokens to allow users to authenticate
using their certificates. You can use certificate rules to efficiently update Drive
Encryption about all certificate-holding users, and allow them to be allocated to PCs
using Drive Encryption without having to create new smart cards or other forms of
token for their use.
Provide LDAP user certificate Leave this option checked (enabled).
Enforce certificate validity period on client Leave this option checked (enabled) to enforce
certificate validity period for the added certificate rule.
Use latest certificate Leave this option checked (enabled).
The Certificate rule options are not active if Password only is selected.

Logon Hours

You can set the days and the hours when the user can log on to the client system. The
restrictions are applied using the Apply Restrictions option. We recommend enabling this
option only if you have a specific requirement.

Table 3-11 Password tab


Policy
Options

Recommendations

Change Default
Password

Do not prompt for default password Leave this option checked (enabled). When enabled,
users are prompted to type in their Drive Encryption password without having to
remember a common default password. If you enable this option, you don't have to
enable the Change Default Password option.

Password Change Disable all of these settings as you would be using SSO and don't want to cause
conflict with Windows password requirements.
Enable password history____changes (1-100) Leave this option checked (enabled) to
prevent users from reusing passwords unless your security policy exempts users
from using new passwords.
Prevent change Leave this option unchecked (disabled).
Require change after ____ days (1-366) Leave this option unchecked (disabled).
Warn user _____ days before password expiry (0-30) This is disabled by default when you
disable the Require change after ____ days (1-366) option.
Incorrect
Passwords

Timeout password entry after ____ invalid attempts (3-20) Set the number of invalid attempts
to trigger a timeout.
Maximum disable time ____minutes (1-64) This is disabled by default when you disable
the Timeout password option.
Invalidate password after ____ invalid attempts Leave this option checked (enabled).

Allow showing of
password

Enable this option if you want the password of the user to be displayed while entering
it.

Table 3-12 Password Content Rules tab


Policy Options

Recommendations

Display list of password rules Enable this option to display the password requirements to users.
Password length

Leave the default value.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

25

Software configuration and policies


Checklist for using Intel AMT and Drive Encryption

Table 3-12 Password Content Rules tab (continued)


Policy Options

Recommendations

Enforce password content

Leave the default value.

Password content restrictions Leave the default value or enable restrictions for increased password
strength.
Table 3-13 Self-Recovery tab
Policy Options

Recommendations

Enable self-recovery

Leave this option checked (enabled).

Invalidate self-recovery after no. of


invalid attempts

Enable and set the number of attempts to a number that does not
abruptly lock out the Self Recovery.

Questions to be answered

Can be set to 3. This can provide the required security without overly
inconveniencing the user.
It is up to the administrator to decide how many questions are required.

Logons before forcing user to set


answers

Set this to 0. This makes sure that the users set the answers during the
user initialization.

Questions

Leave the default questions or configure new questions as required.

Table 3-14 Companion Devices tab


Policy Options

Recommendations

Enable Companion Device Select this option to allow the user to perform system recovery using a
Support
smartphone or mobile device.
The Companion Device application is now known as McAfee Endpoint Assistant.

Password Definition

Enable this option to create a password according to the option selected.


If the user has once set a higher password definition to the system, the user
cannot change the password to a lower password definition (that is less secure)
even if that policy is set in McAfee ePO.

Checklist for using Intel AMT and Drive Encryption

The Intel AMT out-of-band feature within Drive Encryption 7.1 provides system actions that include
Out Of Band - Remediation, Out Of Band - Unlock PBA, and Out Of Band - User Management.
For more information about these actions, see the Configure the Out Of Band Remediation feature,
Configure the Out Of Band Unlock PBA feature, and Configure the Out Of Band User Management
feature sections in the Drive Encryption 7.1 Product Guide. These actions are available on the McAfee
ePO console only after installing the EEDeep extension.
You must install the ePO Deep Command product extensions before installing the EEDeep extension.

For more information about requirements for configuring your Intel AMT systems, see the ePO Deep
Command Product Guide.

Preparation for using Intel AMT with Drive Encryption

26

Make sure that the client system has been provisioned for Intel AMT.

The ePO Deep Command software has been installed and its policies have been configured
correctly.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Software configuration and policies


Phased deployment strategies

Make sure that CILA/CIRA policies have been applied and CILA/CIRA has not been disabled at ePO
Deep Command Server Settings.

Make sure that the client system is managed by McAfee ePO and the Intel AMT policy has been
successfully deployed.

Check the AMTService.log file to verify that the Intel AMT policy is enforced correctly.

At this point, you should be able to power the system on into BIOS to verify this.

Make sure that you have installed the DEAdmin, Drive Encryption, and EEDeep extensions.

Make sure that you have configured the DE Product Settings policy for out-of-band features and
sent to the client system.

Deploy the Drive Encryption Agent and Drive Encryption packages to the client system.

Activate Drive Encryption and restart client system.

Best practices and recommendations for using Intel AMT and Drive Encryption

Enable CIRA only when it is necessary for the security requirements of your organization.

Limit the usage of EEDeep unlock feature during wake-and-patch cycles to the smallest time/
number of reboots.

While performing any out-of-band action, do not power off or disconnect the client system from
network until the system successfully boots into Windows.

Out-of-band: remediation Always allow Automatic disk image to be used when possible.

Out-of-band: user management Even though password policy is not enforced on the temporary
password, make sure to follow the enterprise password policy for setting the temporary password.
Time-based out-of-band actions, such as unlock on schedule, are based on the clock on the server. They
are not based on the local time of the client system even if it is on another time zone.

Phased deployment strategies


Drive Encryption deployment (first time installation) can be done in various phases with different
policy settings for different corporate environments. A model policy setting is explained in the
recommended policy settings sections.

Phased deployment (first-time installation)


There can be a number of scenarios where the PBA creates challenges during the Drive Encryption
deployment. For a safe and smooth deployment and activation process, you can easily create different
sets of Drive Encryption system policies and do the deployment in various phases.
During the first time installation, it is a best practice to create the first set of policy settings with
Encryption set to None and Automatic Booting enabled. You can create a second set of policy settings that
enables the encryption and the PBA.
When the first set of policies is in use, the client systems are unprotected.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

27

Software configuration and policies


Phased deployment strategies

High level process

After deploying the Drive Encryption packages, create an Drive Encryption system policy with the
following settings:

Select the encryption option as None under Encryption tab | Encrypt.

Enable the Enable Automatic Booting option under Log On tab | Drive Encryption.

Enable Add local domain users option under Log On tab | Drive Encryption.

Enforce this policy to the client systems. This activates Drive Encryption, but encrypts no disks and
requires no authentication.

You can now configure the second set of policy with the required encryption option other than None
and autobooting disabled.

Use the automatic booting policy as the default. In this mode, the Add Local Domain Users feature
captures all Windows domain accounts that access the system. These accounts are added as valid
pre-boot enabled accounts to be used in the pre-boot environment.

Create a query in ePolicy Orchestrator to find all systems that need to stop autobooting and assign
the second policy to these systems.

Send an agent wake-up call from ePolicy Orchestrator to apply the policy with Pre-Boot
Authentication to all required systems.

The systems start with PBA when the new policy is received.

This phased deployment temporarily enables automatic booting and when the query is run, it enables
the Pre-Boot Authentication policy. This ensures that Drive Encryption is activated when the system is
in the field and ensures that the end user's account is added as a valid pre-boot account before
encrypting and activating PBA.
This kind of phased deployment can be very useful when the administrator meets with challenges such
as patching cycles, re-imaging process, deploying products, and managing other autoboot scenarios.
Perform phased deployment in batches of systems from the System Tree.

Automatic booting
Autobooting (Enable Automatic Booting) is used by administrators for re-imaging process, patching cycles,
and product deployments. Many software installation packages require one or more restarts of the
target computer, and autobooting automatically authenticates without user or administrator
intervention. The administrator can define a window of time-line during which auto booting remains
active.

28

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Software configuration and policies


Phased deployment strategies

The autoboot feature terminates when the defined time-line window has elapsed.

Figure 3-3 Configure auto booting


Because this policy setting temporarily bypasses the normal logon process for Drive Encryption installed
systems, computers receiving this policy are vulnerable while autobooting remains active. To minimize
the risk, make sure that you carefully review the inclusive dates and times that autobooting remains
active before deploying this policy.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

29

Software configuration and policies


Phased deployment strategies

30

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Deployment and activation

This section provides guidance and troubleshooting on why the Windows operating system will not
start; encrypted systems do not allow access to the operating system until PBA is completed.
Administrators should be mindful that fixing certain Windows problems on an encrypted system might
require extra caution if the registry needs to be edited or a driver needs to be modified.
Traditional recovery procedures also change on a system encrypted with Drive Encryption 7.1. For
example, the entire disk is encrypted, meaning that the file systems and disks are accessible only
when the Pre-Boot Authentication is complete.
The DETech User Guide provides instructions on how to create a customized pre-installation disk with
the Drive Encryption drivers loaded, which allows the administrator to access an encrypted hard drive
or Opal drive to update the drivers or the registry.

Booting the Drive Encryption installed client requires the physical presence of the
client user to supply credentials on the Drive Encryption PBA page
To gain access to an encrypted computer, the user must always enter credentials at the PBA screen. It
is important that this change in client operation be understood and adopted into your operating
procedures. Administrators should be mindful of dispatching drivers and service packs to client
systems as the system will inevitably require reboot after install.
The Enable Automatic Booting option in the Product Settings Policy allows access to the Drive Encryption
installed systems without actually having to authenticate through PBA. It is the administrators
responsibility to ensure that system security is not compromised if this option is selected, as Autoboot
effectively removes system security. Alternatively, you can also use the OS refresh process to keep the
systems secure with minimal user intervention.
Contents
Basic preparations and recommendations
High-level process of installation
Create client deployment task
Add group users
Drive Encryption activation sequence
Skip Unused Sectors

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

31

Deployment and activation


Basic preparations and recommendations

Basic preparations and recommendations


Follow these recommendations to make sure that your data is protected during and after the
encryption process.

Back up the system before you encrypt it, and perform regular backups
As with any roll out and deployment, it is good practice to back up the system before installing Drive
Encryption to ensure data is not lost in the unlikely event that a problem occurs. The DETech recovery
tools can also be used to decrypt and recover any unbootable disks. Refer to the DETech User Guide
for more information.
When upgrading Drive Encryption, the Mfeepehost service must not be stopped manually or by
third-party software because this can cause problems. In addition, during an upgrade, the system must
be kept powered on until the software (both Host and Encryption Provider portions) completes
installing.

CHKDSK /r Clean up the disk before you encrypt it


Hard disks that are damaged, or have a high number of undiscovered bad sectors, might fail during
the full disk encryption process. Run a CHKDSK /r command prior to installing Drive Encryption to make
sure the disk is healthy. Optionally, run the OEM diagnostic tools to make sure that all other hardware
components are working correctly.

Understand the supported tokens/readers for Drive Encryption


Make sure that the supported reader drivers are installed in your client system before trying to install
Drive Encryption. Make sure to obtain the correct drivers from the manufacturers' web sites and
review their release notes to avoid any known issues with the tokens or readers. The supported tokens
and readers are listed in these KB articles:

Supported Readers used for authentication in Drive Encryption 7.x: https://kc.mcafee.com/


corporate/index?page=content&id=KB79788

Supported Tokens used for authentication in Drive Encryption 7.x: https://kc.mcafee.com/


corporate/index?page=content&id=KB79787

Maintain separate test and production clients


Enterprise administrators are advised to maintain separate test and production environments.
Modification to the production server should be limited. Use the test system to test software updates,
driver updates, and Windows Service Packs prior to updating the production systems.

Build and test recovery tools


The administrator needs to be aware that there will be changes to the normal client boot process due
to installing Drive Encryption. Administrators are advised to:

Create and test the customized DETech WinPE V3 or V4 (for UEFI systems) Disk with Drive
Encryption drivers installed.

Create and test an DETech Standalone Boot disk.

Register on a smartphone
We recommend that you download and install the McAfee Endpoint Assistant app on your Android or
IOS smartphone so that you can scan the QR code and initiate self-recovery without the need to
contact your administrator for assistance.

32

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Deployment and activation


Basic preparations and recommendations

On the client system, the first time you logon, a QR code is displayed. Scanning the QR code with your
mobile device saves it to the device and establishes trust between the client system and the device.
Later, if needed, you can initiate recovery by clicking Smart Phone Recovery and using the QR code at
Pre-Boot Authentication.
We recommend that you scan the QR code using a mobile device with a high-level processing capacity.

The McAfee Endpoint Assistant app can be used on mobile devices running on these platforms:

iOS OS 6.1, iOS 7.x

Android 3.0.x (Honeycomb) and above on select platforms

You can download the McAfee Endpoint Assistant app from the Google Play Store and Apple Play Store.
For more details, see Smartphone recovery in the McAfee Drive Encryption Product Guide.

Run a pilot test of software compatibility


We recommend that you run a pilot test of Drive Encryption on a client system. This will make sure
that Drive Encryption is not in conflict with any encryption software on the client computers before
rolling out to a large number of clients. DEGO can be a valuable tool to detect the presence of
third-party encryption software that might prevent activation or create further issues with Drive
Encryption.
This is particularly useful in environments that use a standardized client image.
Administrators should also run performance testing during the pilot test.
McAfee professionals did not come across any performance-related issues with Drive Encryption during
our own testing, however, this might vary depending upon the processor, memory, and drivers.

Do a phased deployment
Occasionally, the PBA creates challenges during deployment. For a successful deployment and
activation, you can create a different set of Drive Encryption system policies and deploy them in
phases enabling the None option under Encrypt and Enable Automatic Booting option under Log on tab. Create
deployment tasks and deploy Drive Encryption to systems arranged in groups or batches in the System
Tree. You can also base it on a specific tag in ePolicy Orchestrator.

Add a user to the client system


You should add at least one user to the client system for Drive Encryption to activate on the client.

Perform disk recovery on decrypted disks


Wherever possible, as a best practice, if you need to perform any disk recovery activities on a disk
protected with Drive Encryption, we recommend that you first decrypt the disk. For more information
about decrypting the Drive Encryption installed system, see McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1 Product
Guide and the McAfee DETech User Guide.

Automatic Repair should be disabled in Windows 8 systems


Automatic Repair of an encrypted disk in Windows 8 systems might destroy the encrypted operating
system files without any notification and cause permanent boot problems. However, previous versions
of Windows display a confirmation message before starting the repair. Windows 8 launches into
Automatic Repair immediately if a problem is detected, leaving little scope to prevent destruction of
encrypted data.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

33

Deployment and activation


High-level process of installation

To disable Automatic Repair, run this command from an administrative command prompt:
bcdedit /set {current} recoveryenabled No

Educate your client users about Password/Token/PIN secrecy


Educate your client users to understand that they are responsible for the security of their password,
PIN, or token details. Encourage them to change their password, or request a new PIN, if they feel
that it might have been compromised.

Make sure password strength is sufficient


Make sure that your password policy is strong enough for your requirements.

High-level process of installation


This section lists the steps and considerations involved in Drive Encryption deployment and activation.
The individual tasks are explained in detail in the McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1 Product Guide.
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
Task
1

Install the Drive Encryption extensions in ePolicy Orchestrator. Check for the correct and latest
version of the extension. Install the DEAdmin extension before the Drive Encryption extension.

Check in the Drive Encryption packages to ePolicy Orchestrator. Check for the correct and latest
version of the DEAdmin and Drive Encryption packages.

Register your LDAP Server. Check for the correct domain and Server IP address of your LDAP
server configured.

Modify the Product Settings and User-Based Policies, as appropriate. Plan and verify the policy
settings for your organization's requirements.

Add a user to the client system. Decide whether to add the users manually in ePolicy Orchestrator
or to add users using the Add local domain user option under the Product Settings Policy. At least one user
must be assigned to each client to activate Drive Encryption on it.

Create a client task to deploy the Drive Encryption components to the client systems. Make sure
that you deploy the packages in the correct order (DEAgent then Drive Encryption).

Test for successful deployment, activation, and encryption on targeted endpoints. Make sure to use
the reporting facilities available in the ePolicy Orchestrator management software.

Create client deployment task


We recommend that you create a new system group in ePolicy Orchestrator for Drive Encryption
deployment. Name it Drive Encryption Test Systems or Drive Encryption Production Systems,
respectively, for example.
Do not create the deployment task at the My Organization level of the System Tree. Select a group in the
System Tree, go to the Client Tasks tab and create the deployment task.

34

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Deployment and activation


Add group users

Importing systems from Active Directory to ePolicy Orchestrator


McAfee ePO provides an AD Synchronization/NT domain task to synchronize ePolicy Orchestrator with the
configured Active Directory. This option allows you to map the ePolicy Orchestrator System Tree structure
with a registered Active Directory. Using this option, you can import and effectively manage large
numbers of systems in ePolicy Orchestrator.
This option works only with Active Directory.

For detailed procedures on how to import systems from Active Directory to ePolicy Orchestrator, refer
to the product documentation for your version of McAfee ePO.

Order of the Drive Encryption Agent and Drive Encryption deployment


It is not mandatory to have two different tasks for the product deployment, however the deployment
order is critical. The DEAgent package must be deployed before the Drive Encryption package.
We recommend that you create a single task to deploy both packages, provided that it deploys the
DEAgent package first, then the Drive Encryption package.
If you configure the task to deploy the Drive Encryption package followed by the DEAgent package, the
client system restarts in the middle as required, and the DEAgent is never deployed.

You can also create two separate tasks to deploy the packages, providing you wait for the first
deployment (DEAgent) to complete before deploying the second package. You can also verify the
completion of the DEAgent deployment, before deploying the Drive Encryption package, by creating
and executing a customized query from the McAfee ePO server. If the Drive Encryption package is
deployed first, you can run the DEAgent task and deploy it later. For more about custom queries, see
Create Drive Encryption custom queries in the Drive Encryption Product Guide.

End user experience


The deployment task pushes both the Drive Encryption Agent and the Drive Encryption components to
the selected systems. The installation is silent, however, the user is prompted to restart the client
when the Drive Encryption component install is complete. It is important that the user restarts the
client PC when prompted. If this does not happen, Drive Encryption does not activate.

Add group users


Group Users are the Drive Encryption user accounts that are allocated to every encrypted system.
They are typically administration accounts used for troubleshooting and supporting the client in a
given group.
If you choose to add a Group or an Organizational Unit (OU), the individual user names do not appear.
Instead, the entire Domain Name of the Group or Organizational unit appears.

If you do not follow the recommendations on Change default password and Do not prompt for default password
options, then all Drive Encryption user accounts, including Group User accounts, are assigned the
default password upon creation. If the default password is not changed in the User-Based Policies,
then use 12345 as the default password the first time you log on with these user accounts.
If you want the system to automatically capture the user's credentials without requiring them to use a
default password on PBA, enable the Do not Prompt for default password option under User Based Policies |
Password.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

35

Deployment and activation


Add group users

Users
To access the data on an encrypted computer, the user must go through the PBA. If the Enable automatic
booting option is not enabled, the client user is presented with the PBA screen when the system is
restarted after activating Drive Encryption.
During the first pre-boot after activation, the user needs to initialize the user account with the default
password and enroll for self recovery (if enabled in the policy).
Make sure that at least one manually added user is assigned to the client system. For example, this
could be an admin user assigned to all systems.

During the initialization process, users set up their pre-boot credentials to unlock the disk.
At least one Drive Encryption user must be assigned to Drive Encryption on each client; this could be an
administrative user.

Add local domain users


This option automatically adds the previously logged in domain users to the client system, so that
administrators don't have to manually assign users to the client systems in the ePolicy Orchestrator
console.
This option can be enabled when needed through the Drive Encryption Product Settings Policies (Menu |
Policy | Policy Catalog | Drive Encryption 7.1 (Product Settings) | Log on tab | Add local domain users).
When enabled, the DEAgent queries the client system for the currently/previously logged on domain
users. The DEAgent then sends the collected data to the McAfee ePO server. These users are then
assigned to the client system.
We recommend that you enable this option so that you can authenticate to the client pre-boot without
having to manually assign the users to the client system in the ePolicy Orchestrator console. However, it
is the responsibility of the administrator to decide whether or not this is required depending on
corporate requirements.

Prerequisites
These prerequisites must be met to add the local domain users to the Drive Encryption client systems:

The McAfee Agent package is deployed.

The McAfee DEAgent package is deployed to the required client systems.

The Drive Encryption package is deployed to the required client systems.

Registered Active Directory is added and configured correctly.


The Add local domain users option is supported with Active Directory only.

An automated LDAP Server User/Group Synchoronization task (LdapSync: Sync across users from LDAP) is
scheduled and run.
This task is used to map Active Directory attributes to the Drive Encryption settings. This is required
for every Registered LDAP server that is to be used with Drive Encryption.

Client systems should use Active Directory for authentication.

36

These domain users must be previously or currently logged in users.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Deployment and activation


Drive Encryption activation sequence

At the client side


The Add local domain user option is processed during the next agent-to-server communication. If this
option is enabled in the policy settings, the DEAgent queries the client system for the domain users
who have logged on to the client. The DEAgent then sends the collected data to the McAfee ePO
server.
The transmitted data is a list of user names and the domain names. Local Domain users are detected
by examining the Windows registry that has the profile list, which lists the users who have logged in to
the system.

At the server side


When the DE Admin receives a message for adding local domain users, it executes these steps.

It attempts to find the domain name that the user belongs to. This is done by querying the
Registered Active Directory that is configured with the automated LdapSync: Sync across users from LDAP
task.

If a registered LDAP server is found, then it matches the domain name of the user. An LDAP query
is performed and attempts to find an LDAP node with a samaccountname that matches the user name.

If the user name is found, it is assigned to the corresponding client system. You can query the added
users by using the View Users option under Menu | Data Protection | Encryption Users | Actions | Drive Encryption |
View Users.

Drive Encryption activation sequence


When the DEAgent and Drive Encryption packages are successfully deployed, the user is prompted to
restart the system.
The restart is essential for activation of Drive Encryption on the client to proceed. The restart can be
canceled, however, Drive Encryption will not become active on the client until the restart has occurred.
In addition, hibernation and the use of new USB devices will be impaired until a restart is issued.

Drive Encryption Status


System restarts as initiated. You don't yet see the PBA page as the Drive Encryption software is not
yet active on the client. However, you should now be able to see the new option:

Quick Settings | Show Drive Encryption Status in McAfee Agent System Tray on the client system (DE:
Windows)

DEAgent synchronization with the McAfee ePO server


The status in the Show Drive Encryption Status window is Inactive until DEAgent synchronizes with the McAfee
ePO server and gets all the users assigned to it. This is referred to as an ASCI event.
It can be manually triggered on the client by opening the McAfee Agent Status Monitor, then clicking Collect
and Send Props. It can also be triggered from the McAfee ePO server by an agent wake-up call,
otherwise, you need to wait for the scheduled agent-server communication interval to occur (the
default is 60 minutes). After two agent-server communication intervals, Drive Encryption activation

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

37

Deployment and activation


Drive Encryption activation sequence

begins. The activation process requires a number of McAfee ePO events to be sent, and this can take
some minutes to occur. Once the client-server communication has completed, the Drive Encryption
Status switches to Active and encryption starts based on the policy defined.
When Drive Encryption activation is complete, it should be restarted once before hibernation takes
place. For this reason, we recommend that hibernation be disabled from the Control Panel on Window
clients.

User intervention during encryption


The user can continue to work on the client system as normal even during encryption. Once the entire
disk is encrypted, the technology is completely transparent to the end user.
It is safe and risk-free to restart the client system during encryption.

PBA
When the client system is restarted and Drive Encryption is first activated, the user should log on with
the username that matches the user attribute set in the LdapSync: Sync across users from LDAP task and the
default password of 12345 (this is the McAfee default password which can be changed in the User
Based Policy) in the PBA page. The user is then prompted to change this password and enroll for
self-recovery based on the policy set.
If you want the system to automatically capture the user's credentials without making them use a
default password on PBA, enable the Do not prompt for default password option under User Based Policies |
Password.
We recommend that you change the default password and enforce policies with stronger passwords.

Single Sign On (SSO)


The Drive Encryption client system then boots to Windows. This first boot establishes SSO (if it has
been enabled). On future restarts, the user needs to log in to PBA only. Once authenticated, SSO
automatically logs on to Windows.
In short, the SSO option facilitates the user with the single authentication to the Operating System
even when PBA is enabled. Though it requires an extra step, disabling SSO is the more secure
configuration.
When the Must match username option is enabled, both the Drive Encryption user name and the Windows
user name should match for SSO to work, regardless of which domain the user is part of. This user can
even be a local user.

When the Synchronize Drive Encryption password with Windows option is enabled, the Drive Encryption password
is reset to the Windows password. However, be aware that if the Password history option is enabled or
Password content rules are set, and the Drive Encryption password is same as the Windows password,
then synchronization does not occur.
On changing the Drive Encryption password, the synchronization is reset. Synchronization of the
password occurs only when there is a change in the Windows password.

38

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Deployment and activation


Skip Unused Sectors

Activate Drive Encryption using Add local domain users


Using the Add local domain users option, you can activate Drive Encryption on the client systems without
manually adding users in ePolicy Orchestrator.
This option provides automatic user assignment, eliminating the need for administrators to manually
assign users to client systems in the McAfee ePO console. The recommended best practice is to
manually assign at least one user to all systems to ensure successful Drive Encryption activation even
if the Add local domain user option fails to function as configured. However, if this option is configured
correctly, it will not fail. A general recommendation is to manually add a group of support users to all
systems, then activate Drive Encryption using the Add local domain users option. You can remove these
users at a later stage after completing the deployment.
For option definitions, click ? in the interface.
Task
1

Configure the Product Settings Policy with the Add local domain users option enabled.

Log on to the client system. After the agent to server communication interval, the Add local domain
users feature adds the previously/currently logged on domain users to the client system.

Drive Encryption is activated in the client system during the next ASCI. You can now restart the
client to log on using the PBA page.

Skip Unused Sectors


Skip Unused Sectors is one of the new features of offline activation introduced in Drive Encryption 7.1.
For more information about offline activation, see the McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1 Product Guide.
If you have enabled the SkipUnused option, you need to enter Yes in response to the message "By
using this feature you accept the risk associated with not encrypting unused sectors with respect to
(deleted) sensitive data leakage".

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

39

Deployment and activation


Skip Unused Sectors

40

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Operations and maintenance

Managing your systems in different batches, branches, or groups greatly impacts on Drive Encryption
deployment. It is a good practice to arrange the systems in ePolicy Orchestrator in department level or
batch level, then deploy the product to these batches one by one.
Contents
Managing servers and client systems general recommendations
How disabling/deleting a user in Active Directory affects the Drive Encryption user
Machine Key Management
Configure role-based access control for managing Drive Encryption
Drive Encryption 7.1 scalability

Managing servers and client systems general


recommendations
Client deployment in batches for a considerable number of systems is a good practice in itself.
Keep these recommendations in mind when managing servers and client systems:

Do not try to create the Drive Encryption deployment task at the root level of your System Tree and
activate it. It is a good practice to deploy Drive Encryption to the systems at the sub-level
branches.

Do not deploy Drive Encryption to the server systems, especially the server hosting your McAfee
ePO server.

Secure your McAfee ePO server and database system in the most secured location and keep it
accessible for authorized personnel only.

How disabling/deleting a user in Active Directory affects the


Drive Encryption user
Every user account has an objectGUID in LDAP. If a user account is deleted from LDAP and another is
created with the same user name, this new user account is a different entity. This is because the new
user has a different objectGUID.

How to delete a user in LDAP


You must first delete the user in LDAP, then run the LdapSync: Sync across users from LDAP task and send an
Agent wake-up call. The user disappears from DE Users list after the LdapSync: Sync across users from LDAP
task is complete.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

41

Operations and maintenance


Machine Key Management

The McAfee ePO Server Settings option If user is disabled in LDAP server within Configuration | Server Settings |
Drive Encryption | General | Edit can be configured to disable, delete, or ignore the user if the user has been
disabled in the LDAP Server. The default setting is Disable.

What if a user is disabled from LDAP?


If a user account is initialized on the client system and is later disabled from LDAP, it is automatically
disabled or deleted from the client or ignored when the next LdapSync: Sync across users from LDAP task
runs. To authenticate through the client PBA with a disabled or deleted LDAP user name, you should
set the policy to ignore or again enable this user in the LDAP, then initialize the same user name on
the client with the default password.
This does not remove the user from the DE Users list in ePolicy Orchestrator, however, it removes the
users from the client system based on the option set in the Server Settings.

Is it possible to just disable the Drive Encryption user when removed from LDAP?
It is not possible to disable a Drive Encryption user when it has been removed from LDAP. The deleted
user is removed from the DE Users list in LDAP during the next LdapSync: Sync across users from LDAP task.

What if the Drive Encryption user assignment is deleted/removed?


If the Drive Encryption user assignment is deleted from a system, the user might still be assigned
back to the client system if the Add local domain users option is enabled in the Product Settings Policy. For this
to work, the user must have logged on to Windows at least once and the domain to which client
system is connected should have been registered in ePolicy Orchestrator. You can also manually add
users using the Menu | Data Protection | Encryption users | Add Users option in ePolicy Orchestrator.

Machine Key Management


The purpose of encrypting the client's data is to control access to the data by controlling access to the
encryption keys. It is important that keys are not accessible to users.
The key that encrypts the hard disk sectors needs to be protected. These keys are referred to as
Machine Keys. Each system has its own unique Machine Key. The Machine Key is stored in ePolicy
Orchestrator database to be used for client recovery when required.
For more information about reusing Machine Keys, refer to the KnowledgeBase article https://
kc.mcafee.com/corporate/index?page=content&id=KB71839.

Machine Key re-use


The Machine Key re-use option is used to activate the system with the existing key on the McAfee ePO
server. This option is highly useful when a boot disk gets corrupted and the user cannot access the
system. Other disks on the corrupted system can be recovered by activating it with the same key from
McAfee ePO.
The Machine Key re-use feature is not applicable for self-encrypting (Opal) drive systems.

What happens to Machine Keys when a Drive Encryption active system is


re-imaged?
All existing system data is lost, therefore the Machine Key is lost when an Drive Encryption active
system is re-imaged.

42

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Operations and maintenance


Machine Key Management

What happens to the Machine Key when you delete a Drive Encryption active
system from ePolicy Orchestrator?
The Machine Key remains in the ePolicy Orchestrator database; however, the key association with the
client system is lost when the client system is deleted from ePolicy Orchestrator. When the client
system reports back to ePolicy Orchestrator during the next ASCI, it appears as a new node. A new
node does not have any users assigned to the client system. The administrator must therefore assign
users to allow logon, or enable the Add local domain user option in the Product Setting Policy. The
administrator must also configure the required policies in ePolicy Orchestrator.
The next data channel communication after adding the users and configuring the policies makes sure
that:

The Machine Key is re-associated with the client system and the recovery key is available.
When the associated Machine Key is not present with the new node, ePolicy Orchestrator sends a
Machine Key request. If the user is logged on to the client system, an agent-to-server
communication between the client and the McAfee ePO server ensures the Machine Key is updated
in ePolicy Orchestrator and the users are updated on the client. Thereafter, the Machine Key is
available and admin recovery and policy enforcement work.

The users are assigned to the client system. Therefore, these users can straightaway log on to the
client system.
Although Drive Encryption 7.1 increases the number of users that pre-boot can support to 1000s rather
than 100s, we recommend minimizing the number of users assigned per node. Firstly, best security
practice aims to limit the number of users that can access a system to the smallest group of users.
Secondly, assigning large numbers of users to each node might affect the overall scalability of the entire
system and reduce the maximum number of nodes that can be supported by Drive Encryption.

What happens to Machine Keys when transferring a client system from one McAfee
ePO server to another?
The Machine Key remains in the ePolicy Orchestrator database, however, the key association with the
client system is lost when the client system is transferred from another McAfee ePO server.
When a transferred client system reports back to ePolicy Orchestrator during the next ASCI, it appears
as a new node and therefore has no users assigned to it. The administrator must assign users to allow
logon at PBA, assign users to the McAfee ePO branch where the systems are added (by default
LOST&FOUND), and enable the Add local domain user option in the Product Setting Policy. The administrator must
also configure the required policies in ePolicy Orchestrator.
To transfer all systems between McAfee ePO servers, the best process is to follow the McAfee ePO
Disaster Recovery process. For more information, refer to the KnowledgeBase article https://
kc.mcafee.com/corporate/index?page=content&id=KB66616.

The next data channel communication after adding the users and configuring the policies ensures:

The Machine Key is re-associated with the client system and the recovery key is available.
When the associated Machine Key is not present with the new node, ePolicy Orchestrator sends a
Machine Key request. If the user is logged on to the client system, an agent to server
communication between the client and the McAfee ePO server ensures the Machine Key is updated
in ePolicy Orchestrator and the users are updated on the client. Thereafter, the Machine Key will be
available and admin recovery and policy enforcement will work.

The users are assigned to the client system and can log on to the client system.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

43

Operations and maintenance


Configure role-based access control for managing Drive Encryption

What happens to Machine Keys when moving systems from one branch to another
in ePolicy Orchestrator?
The LeafNode is not deleted from ePolicy Orchestrator database when a system is moved from one
branch to another in ePolicy Orchestrator, hence the Machine Key is available for the particular client
system.

How to destroy the recovery information for an Drive Encryption installed system
When you want to secure-erase the drives in your Drive Encryption installed system, remove all users
from the system (including those inherited from parent branches in the system tree). This makes the
disks inaccessible through normal authentication as there are no longer any users assigned to the
system. You must then destroy the recovery information for the system using the option Menu | Systems
| System Tree | Systems tab | Actions | Drive Encryption | Destroy All Recovery Information in the ePolicy Orchestrator
console. You must also disable the Add local domain user option in the Product Setting Policy. This means that
the system can never be recovered.

Configure role-based access control for managing Drive


Encryption
ePolicy Orchestrator administrator rights management determines what administrators can do while
managing the Drive Encryption software.
The administrator can set up Drive Encryption-specific permission sets for different users in ePolicy
Orchestrator. The permission sets can be created for a variety of roles including but not restricted to
Executive Reviewer, Global Reviewer, Group Admin, and Group Reviewer. The Drive Encryption
extension enables ePolicy Orchestrator administrators to control Drive Encryption Systems that are
managed through ePolicy Orchestrator.
The McAfee ePO administrator for Drive Encryption can:

Manage Drive Encryption users, policies and server settings

Run queries to view the encryption status of the client systems

View client system audits

View McAfee user audits

Manage Drive Encryption providers

Administrative roles can be configured and implemented using the User Management | Permission Sets option
in ePolicy Orchestrator. It is possible to configure a number of admin roles using this option. For
example, you can create admin roles such as:

Drive Encryption Administrator: User accounts in this level have full control of Drive Encryption, but
cannot manage any other software in ePolicy Orchestrator.

Drive Encryption Helpdesk: User accounts in this level can do Drive Encryption password resets only.

Drive Encryption Engineer: User accounts in this level can do password resets as well as export recovery
files to be used with DETech tool.

Drive Encryption Auditor: User accounts in this level can view Drive Encryption reports only.

For more information on configuring roles, see the documentation for the relevant version of ePolicy
Orchestrator.

44

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Operations and maintenance


Drive Encryption 7.1 scalability

Before you begin:

Make sure that your LDAP server is configured and registered in ePolicy Orchestrator.

Make sure that you schedule and run the LdapSync: Sync across users from LDAP task.

Make sure that you enable the Active Directory User Login option in ePolicy Orchestrator. To enable,
navigate through Menu | Configuration | Server Settings | Active Directory User Login | Edit, then enable Allow
Active Directory users to login if they have at least one permission set option.

You can create different permission roles and assign them with different Drive Encryption Permission Sets to
different users.
To verify the configured permission sets, log off from ePolicy Orchestrator, then log on with a user
account that belongs to any one of the new roles.
Use the correct format of the user name when logging on to ePolicy Orchestrator.

Drive Encryption 7.1 scalability


Use these configurations, recommendations on components, and considerations for scalability.

ePolicy Orchestrator 4.6.7 or 5.1.0

Drive Encryption 7.1

These considerations and settings help improve scalability:

Longer ASCI interval

Password-only deployments should remove the certificate query from LDAPSync: Sync across users from
LDAP task.
The User Certificate attribute is used by the McAfee ePO server to determine which certificate should
be sent from McAfee ePO to the client, for example, for smartcard tokens. It is better not to query
this attribute when you use the password-only token as tests have shown that LDAP query
performance decreases when certificates are included in the query. Setting this attribute can also
accumulate a large size of data in the database; therefore, you can remove the certificate query
from LDAPSync: Sync across users from LDAP while using the password-only token.

Phased rollout during migration, upgrade, or first time installation of Drive Encryption.

These configurations and factors degrade scalability:

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

45

Operations and maintenance


Drive Encryption 7.1 scalability

Policy Assignment Rules The policy assignment rules should be set up in a logical order to ensure
minimal processing. Create an ordered list of rules associated with a user-based policy. For each
user, the rules engine evaluates the rules in order, and the first rule that is matched defines which
UBP is assigned to the user.
Make sure that you enable the Policy Assignment Rules for a small number of users to minimize
overloading ePolicy Orchestrator.

Given that ePolicy Orchestrator needs to send all users down to a client during activation, each
user needs to have rules run to associate a UBP with them (if UBPs are enabled and rules are
defined). With r rules, m machines and u users, the worst case scenario would be an O[n3]
calculation (r * m *u), which is not recommended.
Best practice is therefore to configure the rules in the correct order, such that they are defined in
descending order of the number of users that each rule would catch. For example, if rule A
catches 10% of users, rule B catches 80% of users, C 5%, D 2%, E 3%, the most efficient way of
ordering the rules would be B->A->C->E->D, if the logic of your rules allows this to be done.

Large number of users per machine (>20)


Although Drive Encryption 7.1 increases the number of users that pre-boot can support to 1000s
rather than 100s, we recommend minimizing the number of users assigned per node. Firstly, best
security practice aims to limit the number of users that can access a system to the smallest group of
users. Secondly, assigning large numbers of users to each node might affect the overall scalability of
the entire system and reduce the maximum number of nodes that can be supported by Drive
Encryption.

Deployment of unnecessary languages (recovery questions)

The rate of activation can be calculated with the formula, Nmax=ASCIsecs/Mupstream.DCrate


Where,

46

DCratedepends on hardware configuration of ePolicy Orchestrator and Database

Mupstream is the number of data channels (two) being sent from each client

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Migration and upgrade

Due to the improved architecture and interface of Drive Encryption 7.1, some functionality from earlier
versions of the product is now handled differently.
Contents
Best practices for migration and upgrade
Export user assignments from 5.x.x database
Import user assignments to McAfee ePO
Upgrade to Drive Encryption 7.1

Best practices for migration and upgrade


This section provides information to help you to understand the best practices and prerequisites for
Drive Encryption migration and upgrade.
The detailed procedures for these migration tasks are given in the Drive Encryption 7.1 Migration
Guide.

Migrating from EEPC 5.2.6 or later to Drive Encryption 7.1 without the migration tool

Migrating from EEPC 5.2.6 or later to Drive Encryption 7.1 with the migration tool

Exporting users and user assignments from the 5.x.x database

Importing users and user assignments into Drive Encryption 7.1

Viewing Drive Encryption migration reports

Migration tool
Make sure that you have the latest EEMigration.ZIP file of Drive Encryption 7.1 to implement and perform
the export. We recommend that you copy and extract the EEMigration.ZIP file to the folder where
Endpoint Encryption Manager (EEM) is installed.

Exporting 5.x.x database

Make sure that you have access rights to view system and user properties on EEM and the McAfee
ePO server.

Importing the systems or users from 5.x.x database into the McAfee ePO server

Make sure that EEPC 5.x.x and Drive Encryption 7.1 are connected to the same LDAP server during
the export and import process.

Make sure that you have registered an LDAP server on the McAfee ePO server before initiating the
import process.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

47

Migration and upgrade


Best practices for migration and upgrade

Make sure that you have scheduled and run the LdapSync: Sync across users from LDAP task before
initiating the import process.

Analyze the color-coordinated results in different phases of the import. It guides you to make
appropriate decisions before proceeding to the next step.

Do not navigate away or shut the browser when the import is running on ePolicy Orchestrator.
Doing so interrupts the import thread and stops the import process. When the import is running,
the message Please wait, assigning users to systems appears at the McAfee ePO console.

After you import the systems or users from 5.x.x database into the McAfee ePO server, check that
the systems, users, and the audit details are imported as you expected. Check that the password
token, self recovery, SSO details, if available, are imported as you expected.

Conduct a policy review after the import process. If you need your 5.x.x policy settings for 7.1, you
must set them before upgrading the client. Make sure that you enable the Encrypt product setting policy
under Drive Encryption 7.1 | Product Settings | Encrypt. If this is not set, encrypted client system starts
decrypting by default.
To initiate the encryption on the client, you must select any one of the options other than None. The
default option None does not initiate the encryption.
Some firewall software enforces HTTP session timeouts. During the import you should review your
firewall settings in the manufacturer documentation and take the necessary actions to prevent the
firewall from timing out the session.

Before upgrading the client, make sure that the user's UBP enforcement settings are correct and
the appropriate Policy Assignment Rule is created on McAfee ePO if those users are intended to use
the non-default UBP.

Upgrading to Drive Encryption 7.1

Make sure that the system to be migrated is managed by the McAfee ePO server.

Migration of users directly from 5.x.x client to the new Drive Encryption 7.1 client is not supported.
Any migration of user assignments must be done on ePolicy Orchestrator before or after deploying
Drive Encryption 7.1 to the client system.

To upgrade the client, first install the DEAgent, then the Drive Encryption software packages.

If 5.x.x users are found in the assigned LDAP OU/Group, the 5.x.x password token, SSO and Self
Recovery data are transferred to Drive Encryption 7.1. If new users are present in the assigned
LDAP OU/Group, they are added to Drive Encryption as users not being initialized.

FIPS mode
The 140 series of Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) is a set of U.S. government
computer security standards that specify requirements for cryptography modules. McAfee Core
Cryptographic Module (MCCM) is undergoing certification for FIPS 140-2 and these cryptographic
modules are included in Drive Encryption 7.1.
For Drive Encryption 7.1 to be in compliance with FIPS 140-2, the software must meet these
conditions.

McAfee ePO (4.6.7 or 5.1) installed in FIPS mode

Drive Encryption client package installed on the client in FIPS mode

For the Drive Encryption client to operate in FIPS mode, install the Drive Encryption client package in
FIPS mode before activating Drive Encryption on the client.

48

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Migration and upgrade


Export user assignments from 5.x.x database

In FIPS mode, certain self-tests are performed in Windows and pre-boot environments. These
self-tests might impact the performance of the pre-boot. For details on the impact of FIPS mode and
how to install or upgrade the Drive Encryption client in FIPS mode, see FIPS 140-2 certification in the
McAfee Drive Encryption Product Guide.

General recommendations

Retain the 5.x.x database for some time, so that you can access it in case of the loss or theft of a
device after migration.

Migrate only a small number of systems as an initial test before doing a large-scale migration.

If you are using the $autoboot$ user id in 5.x.x to boot your systems without actually having to
authenticate through the PBA, note that the same option is now a feature in 7.1. Make sure that
you enable this option (Menu | Policy | Policy Catalog | Drive Encryption 7.1 | Product Settings | Logon | Enable Automatic
Booting) to activate Autoboot while migrating the users and systems from 5.x.x to 7.x. To enable
automatic booting without adding a user, you need to configure the Add local domain users feature.
The Enable Automatic Booting option in the Product Setting Policy allows access to the Drive Encryption
installed systems without actually having to authenticate through PBA. It is the administrators
responsibility to ensure that system security is not compromised if this option is selected.

If you enable this option, the Drive Encryption software doesn't protect the data on the drive when
it is not in use.

Export user assignments from 5.x.x database


The export tool provided with Drive Encryption allows the administrator to export the user
assignments from a 5.x.x database. The purpose of exporting the user assignments is to reduce the
amount of configuration required by the administrator to upgrade from 5.x.x to 7.x.x.
The export output is a .ZIP file, which can be imported into the the McAfee ePO server. The import
process uses an import wizard on the McAfee ePO server after installing the applicable Drive
Encryption extensions.
The purpose of exporting systems from a 5.x.x database is to export the user assignments. Migration
export is not required if you do not want to migrate the user assignments.

Best practices

Make sure that you have the latest EEMigration.ZIP file from the Drive Encryption 7.1 release package
to implement and perform the export from EEM 5.x.x.

We recommend that you copy and extract the EEMigration.ZIP file to the folder where EEM is installed.

Make sure that you have the access rights to view system and user properties on EEM and the
McAfee ePO server.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

49

Migration and upgrade


Import user assignments to McAfee ePO

It is important to understand the export options; Machines and Users in the export wizard. You can
select any one of the options to export the required user assignments from EEM 5.x.x.

On selecting the Machines option in the export wizard, all users assigned to the selected machines
from 5.x.x database are exported. This also provides the option to select a specific machine, so
that all the user assigned to that particular system can be exported.

On selecting the Users option in the export wizard, all systems to which the selected users are
assigned are exported. This also provides the option to select specific users so that all the
systems that have the selected users are exported.

By default, system or user audit event data is not exported. It is the responsibility of the
administrator to select the Export Machine and User audit events option during the export process.
Importing the audit logs increases the size of the McAfee ePO database. We recommend that you
keep the number of days to a minimum.

Import user assignments to McAfee ePO


The Drive Encryption Admin extension provides a user interface to import the export file (.ZIP) created
during the export from the 5.x.x administrator system.

Important prerequisites for importing user assignments

Make sure that you have the permission to Allow Import of v5 users to perform this task. You can enable
this permission by navigating through Menu | Users | Permission sets | Drive Encryption | Allow Import of v5 users.

Make sure that you have copied the export file (.ZIP) to a location where you can access it from the
McAfee ePO server.

Make sure that the systems to be upgraded are managed by ePolicy Orchestrator.

Make sure to register the LDAP server on the McAfee ePO server and make sure it is the same
server registered on the 5.x.x database.

If you intend to migrate standalone users, User Directory should be installed before initiating the
import process.

Key notes on importing user assignments

If users are manually added to the 5.x.x database and the same users are not present in the Active
Directory, then those 5.x.x users appear as unmatched users in ePolicy Orchestrator during the
import process. In this situation, you need to make sure that you assign these unmatched users to
configured LDAP users. Unmatched users can also be matched with the User Directory users.

EEPC 5.x.x users disabled in the Active Directory are imported to ePolicy Orchestrator during the
import process, however, the properties of these disabled users are determined by the Drive
Encryption Server Setting configured in ePolicy Orchestrator.

The application performs the system matching using the 5.x.x machine name and the McAfee ePO
system name. The results are color-coordinated, so that it is easy for the administrator to analyze
the results.

50

Green indicates a successful matching

Red indicates an unsuccessful matching

The application performs the user matching using the binding attributes if they are present. If no
match is found, the rules are used to search every LDAP server that has been set up with DE LDAP

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Migration and upgrade


Upgrade to Drive Encryption 7.1

attributes. The results are color-coordinated, so that it is easy for the administrator to analyze the
results.

Green indicates a single match

Orange indicates more than one match

Red indicates no match

Are 5.x.x policies imported to 7.1.x during the migration?


No, 5.x.x policies are not imported to 7.x as part of the migration process. The user should set the
required 5.x.x policies, more importantly the Encrypt policy, in 7.x before upgrading the client.
If you do not change the default Encrypt policy from None to Encrypt in 7.x before the upgrade, the client
system starts decrypting after the upgrade. It is always a best practice to configure the required policies
before initiating the import process.

What happens if the LDAP server used by 5.x.x is not registered in ePolicy
Orchestrator?
All imported users of 5.x.x appear as unmatched users in ePolicy Orchestrator. Unmatched users can
be created in the User Directory as standalone users. Make sure you register the same LDAP server
used by 5.x.x.

What happens if the 5.x.x machines are not managed by ePolicy Orchestrator?
All imported machines of 5.x.x appear as unmatched machines in ePolicy Orchestrator. Make sure that
the systems to be migrated are managed by ePolicy Orchestrator before initiating the import process.

Upgrade to Drive Encryption 7.1


The primary goal of upgrading from the EEPC 5.x.x series to Drive Encryption 7.1.x is to retain the
disk encryption. This is to make sure that a decrypt and a re-encrypt of the disk is not required during
the upgrade.
Only one encryption algorithm can be active for all disks, so no matter which algorithm is set in 7.1.x, if
the 5.x.x system has a different algorithm, then that algorithm is used for all disks even after migrating
to 7.1.x.

The only way to change the client algorithm is to deactivate McAfee on the client and
decrypt all disks, then reactivate Drive Encryption on it.
All the recovery settings have four times as many lines as the AES algorithm. Setting
recovery key size as Low gives 4 lines of response code with RC5 algorithm.
On migrating from EEPC 5.x.x to McAfee 7.1.x, the available user password token, SSO, and
self-recovery details are transferred to McAfee 7.1.x. To use 5.x.x SSO and Self Recovery data in
7.1.x, you need to enable Self-Recovery and SSO in the 7.1.x policies after importing the users.

What happens to a partially encrypted 5.x.x system after the migration?


A partially encrypted 5.x.x system gets fully encrypted or decrypted as per the policies set in 7.1.x.

What happens if the user initiates the upgrade process while the 5.x.x client is still
in encrypting or decrypting state?
It completes the encryption or decryption process as per the policies set in 7.1.x.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

51

Migration and upgrade


Upgrade to Drive Encryption 7.1

What happens to a removable media that is encrypted with 5.x.x?


We recommend that you decrypt your removable media before initiating the upgrade.
There is no way to decrypt your removable media after the upgrade, other than using the DETech
recovery tool.

Are the 5.x.x token details migrated to 7.1.x?


Yes, 5.x.x Password token details are migrated if it is available.

Are the SSO and Self Recovery details migrated from 5.x.x to 7.1.x?
Yes, the SSO and Self Recovery details are migrated from 5.x.x to 7.1.x only when the 5.x.x Password
token is available. Otherwise, the user needs to enable SSO in the 7.1.x Product Settings Policy and
Self-recovery in the corresponding user-based policy. The user does not have to enroll again for Self
Recovery when the product is upgraded from 5.x.x to 7.1.x.

What happens to a 5.x.x system after migration if it has been encrypted using an
algorithm that is different from 7.1.x?
The system remains encrypted with same algorithm as set in 5.x.x, and you can apply all the policies
of 7.1.x to the migrated system as usual. To change the algorithm, you need to first deactivate Drive
Encryption, change the algorithm, then activate.

52

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Client status reporting in ePolicy


Orchestrator

McAfee ePolicy Orchestrator provides comprehensive management and reporting tools for Drive
Encryption.
Administrators can create standard and customized dashboards, queries, and reports. The procedures
on how to create standard dashboards, queries, and reports are documented in the McAfee Drive
Encryption 7.1 Product Guide.
When the Drive Encryption Agent and Drive Encryption software packages are deployed to the client
systems and they are successfully managed by ePolicy Orchestrator, any of these queries can be used
to retrieve data:

DE: Disk Status

DE: Migration log

DE: Encryption Provider

DE: Migration lookup

DE: Installed Version

DE: Volume status

DE: Users

DE: Volume status (Rollup)

DE: Product Client Events

DE: V5 audit

DE: Disk status (Rollup)

DE: Systems with uninitialized users

DE: Installed version (Rollup)

Intel AMT out-of-band queries

Contents
Track the progress of the deployment and encryption status
Report encryption status from McAfee ePO

Track the progress of the deployment and encryption status


The progress of the Drive Encryption deployment and the number of encrypted drives can be easily
determined by running the Drive Encryption query under Menu | Reporting | Queries | Drive Encryption | DE:
Disk Status. This reports the crypt state for all disks on systems where the DEAgent is installed.
You can also find the systems that don't have the DEAgent installed by running the query under Menu |
Reporting | Queries | Drive Encryption | DE: Encryption Provider.

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

53

Client status reporting in ePolicy Orchestrator


Report encryption status from McAfee ePO

Report encryption status from McAfee ePO


To comply with data protection regulations, IT staff must be able to produce evidence that a suitable
technical measure was in place to protect sensitive information on, for example, a missing computer.
The organization must encrypt the device and be able to prove that the device is encrypted after it is
reported lost or stolen.
High level process
Drive Encryption makes this task easy. An administrator can log on to McAfee ePO and, in just a few
clicks, be able to produce a report showing that the missing computer was encrypted.

Log on to ePolicy Orchestrator as an administrator.

Locate the system in the System Tree.

In the McAfee ePO server, drill-down to encryption properties.

Check the encryption status under the Disks tab.

Finding the user's system in McAfee ePO


The encryption status is stored as a property of the system, not the user. To confirm that a missing
computer is encrypted, you must find the system in McAfee ePO and view its properties. You can use
the queries and reports to know the encryption status of the system.

54

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

Index

A
abbreviations 8
about this guide 5
account control, LDAP server 14
activation 31
activation sequence 37
Active Directory 13, 34
deleting/disabling users 41
importing users 50
add local domain users 16, 27, 39, 42
administrative roles 44
Agent wake-up call 37
ALDU 41
ALDU feature 39
algorithms 51
AMT, out-of-band actions 26
ASCI 9, 10, 39, 45
audit events 49
authentication 11
recommended user-based policy settings 24
auto boot 31, 36, 39
configuring 27
enabling 16
automatic repair 32

B
backup 32
BIOS 11
how Drive Encryption works 11
boot options 16
boot sequence 11
BootROM 11

C
client events 53
client status 53
client systems 34
managing 41
requirements testing 12
conventions and icons used in this guide 5

databases, exporting 47
DEAdmin 34
DEAgent 34
add local domain users 36
deployment 34
synchronization with McAfee ePO 37
default password 35
deployment 31, 34
phased 27, 32
progress 53
design overview 9
DETech 31, 32
disable user 41
disk check 32
disk status 53
display name 14
documentation
audience for this guide 5
product-specific, finding 6
typographical conventions and icons 5
Drive Encryption 11
client status reporting 53
deleting/disabling users 41
deployment task 34
installation, about 34
machine keys 42
managing servers and client systems 41
migration and upgrade 47
PBA enforcement 11
phased deployment 27
role-based access control 44
upgrading 51
users 36
using AMT 26

E
EEM 47, 49
encryption 7, 27
recommended product policy settings 16
encryption provider 16, 53
encryption status 37, 53, 54
export tool 49

data protection 11

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

Best Practices Guide

55

Index

FIPS mode 47

group users 35

Opal drives 9
operations 41
organizational units 35
out-of-band options 16

groups
synchronization, LDAP 14

H
HDD 9

I
import 34, 50
installation, high-level process 34
IP Address 13

L
LDAP 13
attributes 14
query 45
user/group synchronization 14
LDAP server 13, 14, 34, 36
access control 44
deleting users 41
unregistered 50
users 36
local domain users, adding 36, 41
log on, recommended product policy settings 16

M
machine keys
impact of deleting DE from ePO 42
impact of transferring client systems 42
reuse 42
machines
exporting 49
unmanaged 50
maintenance 41
MBR 11
setttings 16

phased development 32
pilot test 32
policies 7
Product Settings Policy 10
User-Based Policy 10
policy assignment rules 45
pre-boot authentications 11
pre-boot smart check, enabling 16
preparations, basic 32
Product Settings Policy 34, 39, 42
recommendations 16
purpose 7

Q
queries 27, 53
query types 53
Quick Response code 32

McAfee Agent 12
McAfee Endpoint Assistant 32
McAfee ePO 12, 13, 47, 49
client status reporting 53
DE activation sequence 37
encryption properties 54
machine keys 42
managing servers and client systems 41
McAfee ServicePortal, accessing 6
migration 47
best practices 47
migration tool 47

56

passwords
default 35
recommended user-based policy settings 24
strength 32
synchronizing 37
PBA 7, 31, 37
autoboot 47
Drive Encryption 11
product policy settings 16
user account initialization 36
permission sets 44
importing 50
phased deployment 13
automatic booting 27
first-time installation 27

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

readers, supported 32
recommendations, basic 32
recovery
destroying information 42
McAfee Endpoint Assistant 32
Quick Response code 32
recommended product policy settings 16
recommended user-based policy settings 24
tools 32
recursive 13
remediation. out-of-band 26
reports 53
client status reporting 53

Best Practices Guide

Index

reports 53 (continued)
encryption status 54
requirements 12
requirements testing 12
Role Based Access Control (RBAC) 44

token type 24
tokens 47
details, migrating 51
supported 32

S
samaccountname 14
scalability 45
sectors, skip unused 39
secure-erase 42
self recovery 36
details, migrating 51
recommended user-based policy settings 24
self-encrypting drives 9
self-recovery
McAfee Endpoint Assistant 32
server task log 14
servers 47
LDAP 13
settings 41
ServicePortal, finding product documentation 6
skip unused sectors 39
smartphone, self-recovery tool 32
SSO 37
migration 47
recommended settings 16
supported environments 12
System Tree 34
systems, importing 47

T
TCG 9
Technical Support, finding product information 6
terminology 7

McAfee Drive Encryption 7.1.0 Software

UBP enforcement
configuring 10
enabling/disabling 10
UEFI systems
how Drive Encryption works 11
unlock PBA, out-of-band 26
unmatched users 50
upgrade 47
user 32
user assignments
exporting 49
importing 50
user certificate 14
user management, out-of-band 26
user-based policy 35
configuring 10
recommended settings 24
username 14
users 35, 36
adding 13
exporting assignments 49
importing 47
importing assignments 50
LDAP, deleting 41
local domain 36
role-based access control 44
synchronization, LDAP 14
unmatched 50

Best Practices Guide

57

00