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Hydro

New Opportunities
for Pumped Storage

4/5/6/7

Acquisition
of GE HYDRO

8/9/10/11

news
Issue 14
Oct. 2008
www.vatech-hydro.com

Kandil
Energy Projects

12/13

Contents
Introduction

Top story

4/5/6/7 New Opportunities


for Pumped Storage

Hydro business

Key projects

Markets

Site report

Highlights

Events/Fairs

8 Acquisition of GE HYDRO
9 Andritz VA TECH HYDRO
10/11

in Canada
Andritz HYDRO Inepar
in Brazil

12/13
14/15
16
17

Kandil
Edea I
Bemposta II
Healey Falls & Rochester II

18/19 Hydropower
20

in Southeast Asia
The Compact Hydro
Brazilian Market

21
22
23
24

Islas
St.Martin
Schaffhausen
Kelenfld

25/26/27

28 HIDROENERGIA 2008
29 ENERGY EFFICIENCY
WORKSHOP

30/31 HYDRO AUTOMATION DAY


2008

Andritz VA TECH HYDRO


supports the category
WasserKOMMUNIKATION
of the Neptun Wasserpreis 2009
For more information see
www.wasserpreis.info

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Imprint
Publisher
VA TECH HYDRO GmbH
A-1141 Vienna
Penzinger Strasse 76, Austria
Phone +43/1 89100 2659
Responsible for the contents
Alexander Schwab
Editorial team
Jens Putz, Peter Stettner,
Edwin Walch, Kurt Wolfartsberger
Copyright VA TECH HYDRO GmbH 2008
All rights reserved
Graphic design
Idea: Gudrun Schaffer
Layout/Production: A3 Werbeservice
Edition: 20,500

2 Hydronews

Introduction

Dear Business Partners


fter a very positive 2007,
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO has
again been able to successfully
follow its growth path in 2008.
By the end of June the acquisition
of GE Energys hydropower
business was closed.

As part of the transaction we have


acquired GE Energys hydropower
technology and certain assets including
engineering and project management
resources, research and development
facilities, and a generator component
production centre in Canada. Moreover,
a majority interest in GE Energys GEHI
(General Electric Hydro Inepar) joint
venture in Brazil has been obtained.
The other principal shareholder is
the Brazilian Inepar SA Group. The
now renamed joint venture, AHI
(Andritz Hydro Inepar), includes sales,
engineering and project management
resources in Campinas/ Brazil,
Tampere/ Finland and Kristinehamn/
Sweden, as well as hydro laboratories
in Finland and Brazil and a production
centre in Araraquara/ Brazil. With
AHI Andritz VA TECH HYDRO also
has access to the substantial manufacturing resources of its Brazilian joint
venture partner Inepar. With this a
cquisition, Andritz VA TECH HYDRO
now employs approximately 4,800
people worldwide and can refer to
installed capacity of approximately
400,000 MW, all of which adds up
to highly significant corporate development.
I would also like to take the opportunity
offered by this edition of Hydro News
to inform you that after more than 38
years in Hydro, I shall be retiring by
the end of 2008. I had the honour of
being able to make a central contribution to the development of todays
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO into one of
the world's leading suppliers of electromechanical equipment for hydropower

plants and to the success of the group.


I see this as my life's work in the professional sphere. Accordingly, I would
like to offer my sincere thanks for the
active support during this journey to
both you as our business partner and
to my staff. Alredy in mid-year, I transferred my operational responsibilities to
my successors, although I will support
them further in the transitional phase.
At the same time, I was nominated to the
Supervisory Board of Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO and I will remain on the supervisory boards at certain daughter companies. These Supervisory Board activities will also continue after my retirement. My long-term, senior staff colleagues, Wolfgang Semper and Michael
Kombck, who formerly headed the
Large Hydro and Service & Rehab
Business Areas have now joined the

Management Board and in the next


issue of Hydro News we will introduce
them in detail.
Dear business partners, please allow
me to again thank you for our excellent,
long-term cooperation and kindly ask
you to continue to demonstrate your
confidence towards Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO and its new management in
the years to come. The further expansion of our range of competences and
products, consistent technological
development, the permanent growth
in demand for electricity from renewable
energies and your trust in us allow
me to leave in the sure knowledge
of a positive outlook for the future of
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO.
In gratitude,

Franz Strohmer

Top story

New Opportunities
for Pumped Storage
Leitartikel 3 Seiter...
actors such as liberalisation,
rising electricity tariffs, increasing consumption and system
security have become even more
important in todays electricity market. The unstable characteristics of
innovative energy sources such as
wind power and the higher demand
for regulating energy in expanding
networks, make the operation of
state-of-the-art pumped storage
power stations indispensable.
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO has
recognized the significant role of
pumped storage plants in system
stabilization and has responded to
this development by raising the
quality of its technology to the
highest level.

factor in a secure and reliable energy


supply.
The use of fossil fuels can be optimized
by a reduction in the partial load operations of thermal power stations.
Maintaining a balance between demand
and electrical energy production creates
ideal electrical network conditions. Any
imbalance results in a frequency deviation, which has to be kept to a minimum
and therefore the network needs energy
for fast balancing. This so-called regulating energy can be quickly provided by
pumped storage power. Finally, the
employment of pumped storage power
also facilitates a reduction in bottlenecks,
a cut in over-capacity e.g. of nuclear
power plants, and energy resource
management.

What is pumped storage power and


why is it gaining in importance?
Basically, pumped storage power
serves the storage of electrical energy
through its transformation into potential
energy using water as a storage medium. The network can be provided with
additional electricity at peak load times
and moreover, owing to the fact that this
kind of power can be made available
very rapidly, it represents a substantial

Technologies
Differing technologies are used in line
with project requirements and the following represents a description of the two
main groups.

Kops II, Austria

4 Hydronews

In the three-machine group, one turbine


and one pump are operated together
with a motor-generator using a common
shaft and are employed individually by
means of clutches. The main advantages derive from increased efficiency
and short transfer times between
modes, although the investment costs
are somewhat higher. One reference
plant in this regard is the Kops II
pumped storage power plant, which is
equipped with three 180 MW generating
sets. A special feature of this plant is the
location of the Pelton turbine above the
motor-generator and its operation with
counter-pressure. A 3-stage pump is sit-

uated underneath the motor-generator,


which is designed to withstand the maximum stresses caused by sudden load
changes. In fact, up to 60 load cycles
are dealt with every day.
With reversible Francis pump turbines,
the turbine and pump modes are realized in one hydraulic machine, whereby
the direction of rotation changes in line
with function thus reducing both the
space requirement and investment
costs. However, longer transfer times
also result and it is necessary to use
additional equipment for pump operation
start-up.

Limberg II, Austria

Prominent examples of this type of


design in Austria include the two singlestage reversible pump turbines at the
Limberg II pumped storage power plant,
which is an extension of the Kaprun
power station. Accommodated in a new

Top Story

Technical data: Kops II


Output:
3 x 180 MW / 200 MVA
Voltage:
13 kV
Head:
808 m
Speed:
500 rpm
Runner diameter:
2,140 mm
Stator diameter:
6,200 mm
Nestil, Switzerland

The main advantages of variable speed


pump turbines can be summarized as
follows:
The speed variation in the turbine
mode results in greater partial load
operation efficiency. The shape of the
efficiency curve is smoother.
The operational limits in the turbine
mode are extended, which offers
higher output at low heads.

100
99
Relative Turbine Efficiency - %

The variable speed principle


Conventional pumped storage power
stations usually have synchronous
motor-generators, whereby the generating set operates at a constant speed.
However, the possibility of varying the
speed within certain limits brings major
advantages. Speed variable technology
was first implemented on a large scale
in Europe at the Goldisthal PSPP. Two of
the four electrical machines were implemented as double-fed, asynchronous
motor-generators (DASM).

For pumped storage projects operating at synchronous speed, the ratio


of Hmax to Hmin is within a range of
approx. 1.25. However, during operations at variable speed, the said ratio
can be raised to 1.45, which is
extremely important for projects subject to geological restrictions.

Technical data: Nestil


Output:
1 x 141 MW / 180 MVA
Voltage:
13.8 kV
Head:
1,005 m
Speed:
600 rpm
Runner diameter:
2,260 mm
Stator diameter:
3,900 mm

98
97
96
95
Variable Speed

94

Fix Speed

93
92
91

Substantial advantages can be realized


with a variable speed motor-generator
connected to the grid, as is evident from
the following details:

90
50

70
80
Turbine Output - %

90

100

Turbine Efficiency Comparison

Upper limit

Pmax

Simulations and operational experience


have shown the ability of DASM to
provide immediate power injection into
the grid in the case of failure.
Synchronous machines do not have
this capability and become unstable.
Therefore, DASMs improve transient
stability performance during grid disturbances.

60

Turbine Output (MW)

The Nestil pumped storage power plant


in Switzerland provides a multi-stage
reversible pump turbine reference.
A head of up to 1,060 m necessitated
the use of a four-stage pump turbine
unit, the rated speed of 600 rpm and the
electrical output of 175 MVA requiring
motor-generator design capable of withstanding extreme mechanical forces in
the rotor.

The speed variation in the pump mode


enables operation with adjustable
power input at each of the required
pumping heads, thus providing regulated pump operation. During fixed
speed operation, power input is directly dependent upon the pumping head
and cannot be adjusted.

Variable Speed
Fix Speed

Pmin
Lower limit

Hmin

Net Head

Hmax

Turbine Output Comparison

Upper limit

In particular, asynchronous machines


are characterised by their stabilizing
effect on other synchronous generators operating in the grid. Due to its
ability to rapidly inject power into the
grid during failure, the system remains
stable and after fault clearance, healthy
conditions can be restored within the
shortest possible time.

Pmax

Pmin
Lower limit

Pump Input (MW)

underground power cavern, after completion the plant will reach rated output
of 480 MW and through the supply of
regulating energy will contribute greatly
to the reliability of the Austrian grid.

Technical data: Limberg II


Output:
2 x 240 MW / 270 MVA
Voltage:
15 kV
Speed:
428.6 rpm

Variable Speed
Fix Speed

Hmin

Pump Head

Hmax

Pump Input Comparison

Hydronews 5

Top story

pu

0.4

1.2

Actice Power Pn

Effect of asynchronous
operation of a distant
generator

Voltage

pu

0.2

1
t/s

0
-0.2

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.8

Actice Power Pn

Voltage

SM

0.4

0.6

Actice Power Pn

pu
pu

0.2

t/s

10

t/s

10

Voltage

1.2

DASM

1
t/s

0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.8

0.5

Voltage

-0.4

1.4

0.4

-0.2

SM

0.6

-0.4

DASM

0.6

Actice Power Pn

0.4
0

Transient Behaviour of DASM during


Grid Disturbance

Positive Stabilizing Impact of DASM to remote


Generators during Grid Disturbance

Source: 15. Triennial World Congress, I. Ehrlich, TU Duisburg,


U. Bachmann, VEAG

Source: 15. Triennial World Congress, I. Ehrlich, TU Duisburg,


U. Bachmann, VEAG

A further aspect relating to improved


electrical power system reliability is the
reduction of the inter-area oscillation
phenomenon. In large electrical grids,
hundreds or thousands of power
plants work together to supply the
overall network load. These power
plants are interconnected by
transmission lines and operating at
synchronous frequency.
Accordingly, should a rotational
deviation occur between the generators, the necessary balance is
provided automatically by electrical
energy. This results in an oscillating
power flow between the rotating
masses of the generating units over
long-distance transmission lines.

If these inter-area oscillations are not


dampened, a loss of synchronism may
occur and the whole system be destabilized. This can quickly lead to a blackout.
A further disadvantage is that inter-area
oscillations are visible as a fluctuation in
the power flow within the transmission
network.
As a consequence, the transmission
lines cannot be loaded to their full
capacity. Therefore, sufficient damping
is indispensable. For local application,
we recommend the use of a power
system stabiliser as implemented in our
THYNE static excitation system along
with the targeted parameterization of our
TC 1703 integrated turbine governor.

Map of Europe showing the main North - South, East West oscillation modes

Variable speed pumped storage projects


are especially suitable for global applications, due to their short-time regulating
features. Goldisthal, which is the largest
hydroelectric power plant in Germany
and the first speed-variable pumped
storage scheme in Europe, represents a
milestone in technological developments
of this type. Owing to its central location
in the UCTEs European interconnected
network, Goldisthal is an important stabilization factor. In addition to the synchronous motor-generators, Andritz VA
TECH HYDRO supplied Goldisthals two
double-fed, asynchronous motor-generators (DASM), which with a unit capacity
of 351 MVA each, cover a speed range
of minus 10% - plus 4%.
The festive opening of the plant took
place in September 2003 in the presence of the then German Federal
Chancellor, Gerhard Schrder, and it has
been operating successfully ever since.
The interconnected power system
In 1951, a decision was taken to coordinate the European electricity grid and in
1999, as a response to Europes moves
towards electricity industry liberalization,
the UCTE (Union for the Coordination of
Transmission of Electricity) was founded
with the following main objectives:
Technical and operational co-ordination in the synchronous area
The controlling of the short-term security of the system with regard of load,
frequency control and stability
The monitoring of the medium- to
long-term adequacy of generation and
load
Responsibility for the development of
the synchronous area.
At present, more than 450 million consumers are supplied and the UCTE has
29 transmission system operators (TSO)
from 24 different countries as members.
The total volume of installed capacity of
around 625 GW produces annual output
of approximately 2,600 TWh.

6 Hydronews

Top story

Technical data: Goldisthal (synchron)


Output:
2 x 261 MW / 331 MVA
Voltage:
18 kV
Head:
339.2 m
Speed:
333.3 rpm
Runner diameter:
4,593 mm
Stator diameter:
8,700 mm
Technical data: Goldisthal (asynchron)
Output:
2 x 300 MW / 351 MVA
Voltage:
18 kV
Head:
339.2 m
Speed:
300 - 346.6 rpm
Runner diameter:
4,593 mm
Stator diameter:
8,200 mm

View of the underground power cavern, Goldisthal, Germany

Wind power
A further major challenge facing the
UCTE is the integration of the increasing
volumes of wind power into the interconnected network. Installed capacity has
reached approximately 39 GW, which is
equal to 6% of total UCTE capacity and
the trend is upward. For example in
Denmark, wind power already constitutes 20% of nationwide installed capacity. According to European studies, by
2020 wind power will represent some
16% of total installed capacity in the
UCTE area.
The main problem with wind power
is its high volatility, low reliability and
predictability, which make it very difficult
to manage. Therefore, an appropriate

energy balance must be provided


and once again pumped storage plants
are the answer.

Windpowerproduction E.ON - Control Area


2004 between 0.2 to 38 % of the daily Grid Load

Jan. Feb. March April Mai June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

Example of Windpower Production in E.ON - Grid


Source: E.ON-Net Windreport 2005
Fossil
327 GW
52%

Nuclear
112 GW
18%

Hydro
135 GW
22%

Energy Mix of the UCTE Grid 2006

Conclusion
The pumped storage scheme is the most
economic method of conserving large quantities of energy at a reasonable efficiency
level. Key tasks involve providing an energy
balance for the interconnected power system and improving system security.

Relation of Windpower / Grid Load (%)

Ongoing studies are continuing with


the aim of creating the worlds largest
electrical interconnected power system.
This interconnection will finally lead to
synchronously interconnected power
systems with a total installed capacity
of 800 GW, spanning 13 time zones
and serving some 800 million customers. Currently, there is no existing
example anywhere in the world of a
system of this size operating in a synchronous mode. It is therefore obvious
that the biggest challenge confronting
the UCTE will be the maintenance
of the reliability of this largest-ever,
interconnected electrical grid.

Others
12 GW
2%

Wind
39 GW
6%

The instable characteristics of innovative


energy sources such as wind power make
pumped storage schemes indispensable.
Consequently, owing to the increasing
demand for regulating energy in expanding
interconnected power systems and especially in Europe, pumped storage schemes
are experiencing a remarkable comeback.
Investment in pumped storage schemes is
increasing as a reaction to the forecasts
concerning future trends in the electrical
energy production and transmission field.
In particular, new pumped storage power
stations profit from the technological achievments in the areas of hydraulic and electrical machines and the automation sector.
Due to the substantial expansion of the
UCTE area, supply security and network
stability are gaining in significance and
therefore, pumped storage schemes will
become an even more an important stability
factor in years to come and Europe will
emerge as a global trendsetter.

Windfarm

Peter Amler
Phone +43/1 89100 3329
peter.amler@vatech-hydro.at

Hydronews 7

Hydro business

Acquisition
of GE HYDRO
ith effect from July 1st 2008
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO
has included the hydropower
business of GE with some 400 new
colleagues in Point Claire, Lachine
and Peterborough in Canada,
Campinas and Araraquara in
Brazil, Kristinehamn in Sweden,
Tampere in Finland, Doncaster
in the UK and Hangzhou in China.
An overview of the ongoing
activities in these countries can
be found on the following pages.

These acquisitions further consolidate


Andritz VA TECH HYDROs position
as one of the worlds leading suppliers

of hydropower equipment, and


strengthen its abilities to serve customers in Brazil, China, North America
and Scandinavia.
In view of the rapidly rising demand
for renewable energies, the need for
hydropower, which is by far the most
important source of electricity production from renewable energy sources, is
expected to show very strong growth
in the coming years. With these acquisitions, Andritz VA TECH HYDRO is
now in a position to supply its customers with a full range of hydropower
equipment on a global basis.

The complementary nature of the combined global


footprints will enhance our ability to serve your needs

Turbines installed:
VA TECH HYDRO: 245,000 MW
GE HYDRO: 152,000 MW

Generators installed:
HYDRO locations
Andritz locations

8 Hydronews

VA TECH HYDRO: 51,000 MVA


GE HYDRO: 107,000 MVA

Adding up to approx. 400 GW of installed turbine capacity worldwide

Hydro business

Andritz VA TECH HYDRO


in Canada
he newly formed company
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO in
Canada comprising all the former
hydro activities of GE Hydro, is a
world leader in the supply of hydro
turbines, generators and related
electro-mechanical equipment for
the hydropower industry. Capabilities
include complete water-to-wire
solutions for new hydro power
plants as well as refurbishment
and service for existing plants.

History
1892 - 1900
Canadian General Electric Company
Limited is incorporated in Canada
through the merger of Edison Light
Electric Company and the ThomsonHouston Electric Light Company of
Canada. Manufacturing facilities in
Peterborough, Ontario are already in
operation. Generators, transformers,
motors, wire and cable, and lamps
are manufactured by 500 employees.
1962
GE acquires the Dominion
Engineering Works in Montreal
1995
GE Hydro in Montreal celebrates
its 75th birthday
1999
GE Hydro acquires the Kvaerner
Group hydroelectric turbine business.

References
John H. Kerr, USA
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO will refurbish/upgrade all seven vertical Francis
turbines and generators at the Kerr
powerhouse thus raising their
capacity from approximately 33.5 MW
to over 45 MW.

Valves and Gates

Turbines

Generators

Newton Chambers

1853
Kvaerner Brug A/S
1922

1892
General Electric Co.

English Electric

Sorumsand Mek Versted A/S

1910
Boving
1980
Kvaerner Boving

1962
Dominion Engineering

1900
GE Canada Company

1981
NOHAB Turbine AB
1984
Kvaerner Hydro Power, Inc.
Boving-KMW Turbine AB

Nohab Verstad AB
Axel Johnson
Engineering, Inc.

Tampella

Kvaerner Hydro

Following refurbishment, the rating


for generator 1 will remain the same,
while the ratings for the other six
generators will increase to 52 MVA.

GE Hydro
JV GE Hydro Inepar

Andritz
Hydro Inepar

Nam Theun, Laos


This project involves the design,
construction, and operation of a
1,070 MW trans-basin diversion
hydropower plant on the Nam Theun
River, a 450 km2 reservoir on the
Nakai Plateau, a 39-meter-high dam
northwest of the plateau, a powerhouse
350 meters below the plateau, a
regulating pond below the powerhouse and a 27 km channel from
the regulating pond to the basin of
the Xe Bang Fai River, a tributary
of the Mekong.

Technology
Francis turbines suit the full range of
heads and specific speeds associated
with this type of machine and are
available for outputs over 800 MW,
runner diameters in excess of 9.00 m
and heads of up to 800 m.

Hydronews 9

Hydro business

Andritz HYDRO Inepar


in Brazil
ith July, Andritz Hydro
Inepar do Brasil S/A (AHI)
was established following Andritzs
acquisition of GE Brasils stock, in
the GE HYDRO Inepar do Brasil S/A
joint venture, which has facilities
in Brazil, Sweden and Finland.
The new corporate name and the
negotiations were included in the
transactions between the Andritz
Group and GE Energy.

150 years of experience in the development of technical solutions and has


provided most of the large hydropower
turbines installed in the country.

The acquisition represents growth,


strengthening Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO's position as a major global
supplier of hydropower equipment,
and underlines the Andritz Groups
goal of achieving global leadership in
all its business areas. In addition, it
stresses the professionalism of the
employees, who will maintain team
working with their usual commitment
and competence.
The manufacturing facility is located
in Araraquara, SP and is one of the
largest heavy equipment plants in
Latin America having a strong presence
in the fields of power generation,

With its vast experience in equipment


manufacturing and hydropower plant
project design, Andritz Hydro Inepar
represents a benchmark in the energy
generation field, producing highly
efficient solutions on a global scale.
construction and assembly, oil and
gas, and integrated solutions on a turnkey basis.
As of 2009, the Araraquara plant will
have a universal hydraulics laboratory
for the testing of small-scale models
and simulation of all types of turbine.
This will be the only laboratory of its
kind in Brazil.
In addition to Brazil, AHI has facilities
in Tampere, Finland and Kristinehamn,
Sweden. In Tampere, AHI possesses
one of the worlds most advanced
turbine production plants, which
focuses on developing turbine solutions
for low head power plants. Established
in 1847, the Kristinehamn operation has

With its team of highly qualified


professionals and specialists, AHI
offers greater flexibility in terms of technical co-ordination, and produces the
most effective answers with regard to
the supply of customised equipment
and turn-key products.

Aerial view of the facility in Araraquara

History
GE Hydro started its activities in Brazil in 1962
1962

1963

GE (Schenectady USA) technology


transfer.

1977

GE Hydro
(Peterborough
Canada) technology
transfer.

Beginning of
manufacture in
Brazil by GE Brasil
Campinas (SP)

10 Hydronews

1981

1982

1984 1985

EQUIPAMENTOS
VILLARES S.A.
acquired from GE Brasil
all VIGESAs stock.

Newly formed
company, VIGESA,
partnership between
EQUIPAMENTOS
VILLARES and
General Electric do Brasil.

1992

Beginning of
manufacture
by Villares in
Araraquara facility.

New investments,
technology contract
between GE Canada
and EQUIPAMENTOS
VILLARES S.A.
was renewed.

VILLARES was
incorporated
by SADE
VIGESA S.A.

1997

1998

SADE VIGESA
was incorporated
by INEPAR Group.

2007

GE Hydro transfer
its global hydro
operation to GE
Hydro Inepar.

The Joint Venture


GE Hydro Inepar
was established.

Hydro business

AHIs products include:

Hydraulic turbines
Hydro-generators
Turbine safety valves
Governor and excitation systems
Project management
Services, installation and technical
assistance
Refurbishment, modernization and
the upgrading of existing equipment.
Technology highlights
AHI provides X-Blade technology
for Francis runner blades. This profile
was developed in order to fulfil the
demands made on the new generation
of hydraulic turbines through better
performance over a broad range
of heads and flows. In addition to
high output level and stability,
X-Blade runners show excellent
performance in relation to cavitation
and the X-Blade profile demonstrates
improved mechanical stress distribution
and thus offers greater resistance to
fatigue.
The technology has also been used
with considerable success in turbine
upgrades as a means of enhancing
the level of runner performance and
eliminating the chronic problems
relating to cavitation and hydraulic
stability.
References:
So Salvador, Brazil close to
Paran towns, Tocantins state,
two generator units of 121.6 MW
each - AHIs largest current project
undergoing completion

Modernity and technology in


the service of customers

Paulo Afonso III, Brazil, AHI was


responsible for the refurbishing of
the generator (209 MVA)
Campos Novos, Brazil - Canoas,
Santa Catarina state AHI provided
98 per cent of the electromechanical
equipment, including the three
generator units
Serra da Mesa, Brazil three
Francis turbines, 431 MW each,
H = 117.2 m, 120 rpm.

Ever attentive to changes in the


market and in anticipation of its
customers needs, Andritz
Hydro Inepar (AHI) stands out
due to its research and development performance, a readiness to undertake the most
complex assignments with cutting-edge technology, and the
provision of creative solutions
implemented by highly qualified
professionals.

Alexander Schwab
Phone +43/1 89100 2659
alexander.schwab@vatech-hydro.at

Hydronews 11

Key projects

Kandil Energy Projects


Hacininoglu Sarigzel Kandil
460 MW for Turkish Power Plants
nerjisa has awarded a
contract to a consortium led
by Andritz VA TECH HYDRO for
the supply of the complete electromechanical equipment for a threeplant, hydropower cascade in
south-eastern Turkey.

In course of the energy system


privatization process in Turkey,
Enerjisa, one of the emerging key
players in the Turkish energy market,
has applied for licences to build, own
and operate several power plants
throughout the country. Above all,
Enerjisa has acquired the licences
for projects on the Ceyhan River in
Karhamanmaras province. Following
a tendering process, detailed negotiations were subsequently held, which
ended with the contract signing ceremony at the Sabanci Center / Istanbul
in April 2008.
The contractual scope of works comprises the design, supply and installa-

tion supervision of six vertical Francis


turbine-generator units including the
inlet valves, transformers, switchyards,
excitation, control and protection
systems, as well as the related
mechanical and electrical auxiliaries.
This adds up to a combined installed
capacity of about 460 MW and projected, average annual energy output
of some 1,200 GWh.
The implementation period has been
so defined as to ensure that the first
generating unit will already be connected to the grid by the end of 2010.
The cascade arrangement
The waters of the Ceyhan River will be
used to feed the reservoir of the Kandil
dam, the flow for the Kandil powerhouse being taken from the Kilimli weir
located at the north-western corner of
the reservoir. The water will then be
pushed south through a transmission
channel and penstock to the Kandil

Kandil
Sarigzel
Hacininoglu

12 Hydronews

The contract signing

powerhouse. After being used to provide the plants designated output, the
water will then be directly discharged
into the Sarigzel dam reservoir. The
two generating units in Sarigzel will
be provided with water from the reservoir via an approach tunnel system,
which will start at the dam and run
southwards to the powerhouse.
The water discharged for energy production in Sarigzel will then be
employed to fill the Hacininoglu reservoir, the final and smallest reservoir in
the cascade scheme, from where it will
be returned to the Ceyhan River, having been used to generate power for
the Turkish energy grid.

Optimized cascade scheme and


state-of-the-art equipment
During the entire pre-project phase,
special attention was allocated to a
joint approach to the optimization of
the cascade layout, in order to ensure
that Turkeys natural water resources
are used to the best possible effect.
Various studies were completed and
alternatives considered with the aim of

Key projects

Technical data: Hacininoglu


Output:
2 x 68.6 MW / 75.5
Voltage:
10.5
Head:
131.05
Speed:
300
Runner diameter:
2,627
Stator diameter:
6,400

MVA
kV
m
rpm
mm
mm

Technical data: Sarigzel


Output:
2 x 48.3 MW / 53.0
Voltage:
10.5
Head:
109.11
Speed:
300
Runner diameter:
2,510
Stator diameter:
5,800

MVA
kV
m
rpm
mm
mm

Ceyhan river near the power plant cascade

finding the most sustainable solution


for implementation using the latest
standards and leading technologies
available in the field of hydropower
production.
As a consequence, the entire cascade
will be equipped with a state-of-the-art
automation system, which integrates
all secondary equipment. As the
Turkish grid is to be synchronized
with the European UCTE grid, the
integrated automation system to be
provided and especially the turbine
governor from Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO will also answer the need for
grid stability.
Thus the implementation of the
Kandil energy projects will be one
of the first cascade plants to fulfil
increasing Turkish requirements and
will set a new benchmark with
regard to national power generation.

After contract signing...

Enerjisa aims to have an installed


output of 5,000 MW by 2015 and
also intends to purchase electricity
distribution grids in the course of the
privatization process. In addition, it
will also become involved in the end
customer segment, in order to cover
the entire value chain. Together, the
partners aim to achieve a share of at
least 10 % in the Turkish electricity
market.

Technical data: Kandil


Output:
2 x 101.3 MW / 111.0 MVA
Voltage:
10.5 kV
Head:
208.33 m
Speed:
333.3 rpm
Runner diameter:
2,915 mm
Stator diameter:
7,100 mm

With the award of an order for the


electromechanical equipment Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO has maintained its
presence in Turkey and through the
supply of top quality equipment and
services, is confident of strengthening
its position as the major player in this
hydropower market.
Gerald Stelzhammer
Phone +43/732 6986 5263
gerald.stelzhammer@vatech-hydro.at

The Enerjisa Power Generation


Company was established in 1996
to meet its customers' energy
demands with high quality and reliability,
as well as to evaluate any future
business opportunities that might
ccur in the energy sector.
Since May 2007 Enerjisa has been
jointly owned and controlled
by Sabanc Holding and sterreichische
Elektrizittswirtschafts-Aktiengesellschaft
(Verbund), after the two partners
joined forces to become the leading
player in the Turkish electricity
sector of the future.

Hydronews 13

Key projects

Eda I
AES Sonel renovates its Capacity
in Cameroon
n May 9, 2008, i.e. two years
after submission of the first
tender and after four days of
intense negotiations, AES-Sonel
General Manager Mr. Jean David
Bile and Mr. Christian Dubois,
VA TECH HYDRO SA Vice Director,
Vevey signed the Contract
Agreement for the rehabilitation
of the first section of the Eda
Hydroelectric Power Plant in
Cameroon.

The project falls under the scope of


an agreement signed in 2007 between
the European Investment Bank and
AES Sonel involving a sum of EUR
65 million, which is intended to
partially finance a capacity renovation
programme. Our project comprises
the replacement of the three generator
- propeller turbine units (Kaplan with
non-adjustable blades) at the Eda
power plant, which have been in
operation for more than 50 years.
The Eda plant is located on the La
Sanaga, the countrys largest river,
around 60 kilometers from Douala,
the economic capital of Cameroon.
With its source in the eastern part of
Cameroon at around 2,000 meters
above sea level, the La Sanaga drains
the waters from a vast 135,000 km2
reservoir near Eda to the south-west
and flows into the Atlantic Ocean
The Eda power plant

14 Hydronews

south of Doualas harbor. The dam site


and the hydropower plant were built
near a rock bed break, that creates
spectacular waterfalls some of which
reach a height of twenty meters. It is
rare to find such waterfalls on a river of
this scale and with such massive seasonal flow variations, which range from
250 m3/s during the dry season in
March to more than 6,500 m3/s in the
high water season in October.
These conditions justified the choice of
this site and construction work began
in 1949. Two units, each with an output of 11 MW, were commissioned in
1953 to meet the energy needs of the
Douala region. However, this initial
power plant only used a minimal
amount of the hydropower available.
The nearby installation of a large aluminium production plant offered further
uses and justified the enlargement of
capacity, which was carried out
between 1954 and 1958. This upgrade
ended with the creation of a second
plant, thus bringing the number of generating units to nine and the total
installed power output to 159 MW.
In order to properly supply the turbines, an entire network of structures
was created. In particular, this consisted of several dikes to concentrate the
waters passing through the turbine in a
large phase loading chamber, which
owing to its shape, is called a glove
finger. At this stage, the equipment on
the river could not be operated with
the water flow during the dry season.
Nevertheless, an increase in production proved necessary in order to satisfy rising consumer demand and to
ensure sufficient power supplies to the
aluminium plant during the low water

period. Edas hydropower plant operates on a flow basis and any temporary drop in the output of the equipment set creates an immediate fall in
the power available.
River regulation, which was already
considered necessary after the installation of the first nine units became vital
to ensuring the proper operation of
the five newly planned units of the aluminium production plant, which were
needed to expand its operations and
meet the requirements of the public
sector.
The aim of the work, which began as
early as 1967, was to increase the
total number of production units from
9 to 14 by improving the phase loading
structures and by building in a further
stage, two large regulation reservoirs in
the La Sanaga basin, consisting of the
MBakaou dam on the Djerem River
(2.6 billion m3) and the Bamendjin dam
on the Noun River (1.8 million m3). The
intention was to create the essential
reserves required for optimum plant
operation during low water periods.
In June 2006, we received the documentation for the invitation to tender
for the rehabilitation of the 14 units at
the Eda Plant. It should be noted that
among these units, twelve numbered
from 3 to 14, were built by the Ateliers
de Constructions Mcaniques de
Vevey (today Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO). For this reason, we had the
advantage of being largely very familiar
with the original equipment.
In order to enquire as to the exact
scope of the services to be provided,
an interdisciplinary delegation, incorporating engineers from French Cegelec
and the Austrian and Swiss units of

Key projects

Technical data:
Output (old): 11.4 / 14.2 and 12.2 MW / 14.3 MVA
Output (new):
16.4 MW / 18.9 MVA
Head:
24 m
Speed:
187.5 rpm
Runner diameter:
3,180 mm
Stator diameter:
6,000 mm
The waterfalls on the La Sanaga River at Eda
and a CAD model of a modern propeller turbine

Andritz VA TECH HYDRO and headed


by of Andritz VA TECH HYDRO, Vevey,
visited the plant in July and submitted
a tender in September 2006.
In November, a working session held
at our client's premises in Douala
brought together the project owners
decision-makers and the members of
the bidding consortium for a detailed
presentation of both the technical and
commercial aspects of our tender.
However, although we followed the
fate of our offer very closely, during the
ensuing period, the situation barely
changed. Indeed, after several months
during which the project seemed to
have faded into background, our
client, AES Sonel, decided to reissue
an invitation to tender for the Eda I
section only, i.e. for the three oldest
sets commissioned between 1953
and 1955. We thus received a new
invitation to tender in August 2007 and
with our representative's support,
began a fresh phase of negotiations
which took place in various stages
from September 2007 to April 2008,
partly in Douala at AES-Sonels headquarters and partly in Paris. At the end
of April 2008, all the technical aspects
had been finalized, although the commercial and legal aspects of the contract still had to be negotiated. This
final round took place from May 5-9,
initially bringing together the sales
managers and the financial and legal
experts and, on the last day, the managers of both companies.
All the documents pertaining to the
final contract were edited and initialled
after have been bound. The contract
was thus complete and the consortium, made up of Cegelec and the

Andritz VA TECH HYDRO group of


companies in Linz, Vienna, Weiz and
Vevey, with the latter acting as the
leader of the consortium, will provide
the following equipment and services:
New gantry and swivelling cranes
Refurbishment of the powerhouse
cranes
Refurbishment of the draft tube stop
logs, intake bulkheads and intake
radial gates
New propeller turbines, wicket gate,
covers and runners, with an output
of 16.4 MW. The power increase of
the units is around 44 % for units 1
and 2 and more than 31 % for unit 3
Replacement of the generators
with next generation generators
offering a power output of 18.9 MVA,
i.e. an increase of 33 %
New turbine governor systems
including oil hydraulic units and
digital regulators
Control system and electrical
equipment
20 MVA power transformers,
95 kV / 10.3 kV
Mechanical and electrical auxiliaries.
The project execution period is 40.5
months from the coming into force of
the contract. This new rehabilitation
project is part of long-term collabora-

tion between AES Sonel and Andritz


VA TECH HYDRO. As a reminder, the
last project to date was the renovation
following the concrete warping of the
Francis turbines at the Song Loulou
power plant, around 40 km away on
the same La Sanaga River. With the
support of our representative and the
Swiss Embassy, this site was entirely
financed with funds, which with the
agreement of the World Bank, were
allocated by the Swiss government
to a project of general interest.
For the Eda I project, the teams
involved in Vevey, Vienna, Linz and
Nanterre will employ all the means
at their disposal to meet this new
challenge, which represents part of the
policy of close collaboration at every
new stage with our client, AES Sonel.
As a result of its experience in Africa,
our Group remains very interested in
contributing to the development of
prodigious natural sites in order to
advance hydropower, which is one of
the best alternative solutions to the
global energy crisis.

Michel Borloz
Phone +41/21 925 7800
michel.borloz@vatech-hydro.ch

Left: Christian Dubois (Vice Director Andritz VA TECH HYDRO, Switzerland)


Right: Jean David Bile (General Manager AES Sonel, Cameroon)
The overjoyed negotiating team

The contract signing in Paris

Eda I signing ceremony in Cameroon

Hydronews 15

Key projects

Bemposta II
Kisuaheli Lorem

n March 17, 2008, a


consortium consisting of
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO and
ENSUL MECI signed a contract
with the Portuguese public utility,
Gesto da Produo de Energia
S.A. (EDP), for the supply and
installation of the complete
electromechanical equipment
for the Bemposta II power station.
Commissioning is planned for
the second half of 2011.

The project is located in the middle


section of the Rio Douro, where this
famous river forms the border between
Spain and Portugal. The existing dam
and the Bemposta I powerhouse were
built in the early 1960s, since when
they have remained basically unaltered.
The old powerhouse contains three
Francis turbines with an output of
72 MW each, which were supplied
by ACM Vevey, one of the Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO Groups
predecessor companies. The new
unit will be installed in a 60 m deep
pit on the right river bank, not far
from the existing powerhouse.
A local civil engineering company
will provide the new powerhouse pit,
as well as tunnels and other civil
works, under a separate contract.
View of the dam and reservoir

By adding the new Andritz VA TECH


HYDRO turbine generator set the total
output of the power plant will be raised
by approximately 80%. The substantial
increase in the numbers of wind and
solar power installations in Portugal
requires additional output from
hydropower stations in order to secure
the necessary stability in the electrical
grid. Bemposta II and several other
hydropower projects, as well as wind
and solar power generation, are being
developed as part of
an ambitious programme aimed at
increasing the share of renewable
energy and thus a contribution to a
reduction in greenhouse gases as
defined in Kyoto and the provision of
a secure and environmentally sound
electricity supply for the country as a
whole. The scope of supply and services of the consortium, which consists
of the three partners Andritz VA TECH
Escher Wyss Ravensburg, Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO Austria and ENSUL
MECI, Lissabon, includes the supply
and installation of one Francis turbine
with governing system and homologous
model testing, the synchronous
generator, the entire control system,
the hydraulic steel structures, cranes,
elevators, transformers and various
auxiliary systems. Our local partner,

Technical data:
Output:
193 MW / 212 MVA
Voltage:
15 kV
Head:
65 m
Speed:
115.4 rpm
Runner diameter:
5,905 mm
Stator diameter:
13,000 mm

ENSUL MECI, is responsible for


certain local components, as well
as for the installation work on site.
With a runner weight of almost 100 tons
and a large generator diameter this
turbine generator set will be one of
the largest of its type in Europe.
As a result of this important contract,
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO is set to
continue a long tradition as a supplier
of first class hydropower equipment
to Portugal. As early as 1914, a hydropower plant with an output of 2.5 MW
was commissioned for the Tamega
River using turbines from Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO. Since then, over
175 units have been delivered to

Contract signing in Lissabon on March 17, 2008

Portugal. Although there have been


virtually no new projects in recent years,
continuing attention has been paid to
the Portuguese market and under the
leadership of Andritz VA TECH Escher
Wyss Spain, Andritz VA TECH HYDRO
has nevertheless been highly successful
in the fields of compact hydro equipment and turbine and governor rehabilitation and servicing. In these sectors,
Andritz VA TECH HYDROs market
share exceeds 40%.
Manfred Motz
Phone +49/751 29 511 438
manfred.motz@vatew.de

16 Hydronews

Key projects

Healey Falls &


Rochester II
n 2007, two customers were
looking to install added capacity
at existing sites. Similar solutions,
using Kaplan turbines where Francis
had been previously employed, are
now being implemented.

Healey Falls Expansion / Canada


In January 2008, Ontario Power
Generation (OPG) awarded VA TECH
HYDRO Canada, Inc. a contract for
the design, manufacture, supply and
installation of a compact axial turbine
(CAT) generator unit for the Healey Fall
hydropower project. The Evergreen
Energy Group, the small hydro division
of OPG, operates the Healey Falls
hydroelectric facility on the Trent
Severn waterway. The Healey Falls G S
currently has three machines in
operation. These machines consisting
of horizontal axis, pressure case,
double runner Francis turbines, were
built in 1913-1914. The facility is
located near the town of Campbellford
about a 2-hour drive northeast of
Toronto. The new turbine will be fed
by a dedicated penstock, there being
only limited space between the top of
the existing machines and the crane
hook. In spite of this restriction, the
customer required a minimum generation capacity of 6 MW. The turbine
will be designed and manufactured at
the Andritz VA TECH HYDRO facilities
in Ravensburg, Germany.

The contract administration and project


management functions for this job will
be performed via VA TECH HYDRO
Canada, Inc.s offices in Stoney Creek,
Ontario Canada.

Technical data: Healey Falls


Output:
6.3 MW
Head:
21.5 m
Speed:
276 rpm
Runner diameter:
2,350 mm

Technical data: Rochester II


Output:
6.6 MW
Head:
25.9 m
Speed:
327 rpm
Runner diameter:
1,950 mm

Sudhir Sarin
Phone +1/905 643 5881 211
sudhir.sarin@andritz.com
Rochester II / USA
In February 2008, Rochester Gas
& Electric Corp. (RG&E) awarded
VA TECH HYDRO Canada, Inc. a
contract for the design, manufacture
and supply of a new compact axial
turbine (CAT) generator unit including
controls and switchgear for the
Rochester II hydropower project.
RG&E, a subsidiary of Energy East
Corp., is increasing its hydroelectric
generation capacity through the
addition of a new powerhouse to
be built adjacent to its existing
hydropower facility on the Genesee
River.
This addition effectively doubles the
sites capacity. The project is located
at the base of the High Falls in a
scenic and historic area of downtown
Rochester, New York. The expansion
of the Rochester Station II facilities is of
significance as RG&E is implementing
the retirement of its existing fossil fuel
power plants.
The scope of supply being provided by
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO includes a
vertical CAT turbine, a synchronous

Rochester II

Site of the new hydropower plant

Healey Falls Expansion

generator, a hydraulic pressure system


and the electrical control systems.
Both the new and existing powerhouses will be fed by a new penstock
and bifurcation. The new unit will have
adjustable blades and wicket gates,
giving it a wide operating flow range
for optimum annual energy production.
A six-blade runner design was selected
to avoid cavitation during operations
under a relatively high operating net
head.
In order to minimize on-site equipment
installation time and effort, the turbine
will be shipped as a complete assembly
from Ravensburg in Germany, ready for
mounting onto the embedded draft
tube liner. Similarly, the generator will
also be shipped as a single assembly.
Equipment installation is planned for
September 2009.
Mark Barandy
Phone +1/973 403 8210
mark.barandy@andritz.com

Hydronews 17

Markets

Hydropower
Developments in Southeast Asia

outheast Asia is a sub-region


of Asia, comprised of the
countries that are geographically
south of China, east of India and
north of Australia.

All of the countries described are members of the Association of Southeast


Asian Nations (ASEAN), with the
exception of East Timor, which is an
ASEAN candidate state. Southeast Asia
has an area of approx 4,000,000 km2.
In 2004, the regional population
exceeded 593 million people with
more than a fifth of these inhabitants
(125 million) living on the Indonesian
Island of Java, the worlds most densely
populated large island.
RENEWABLES
Increasing oil, gas and coal prices
make hydropower sites economically
viable and as a lot of its feasible
hydropower resources are underdeveloped, within the next 10 years
Southeast Asia is set to become a
hotspot for investors and contractors
competing for a share of the market.

18 Hydronews

INDONESIA
In 2006, energy sales in Southeast
Asias most populous country totalled
nearly 114,000 GWh and installed
capacity was about 21,000 MW. At
present, some 4,300 MW of hydro
capacity are in operation and as the
government intends to increase rural
electrification to 45 %, micro to small
hydropower plants will be required in
the years to come. Owing to the fact
that only about 6 % of Indonesias technically feasible potential has been developed thus far, hydropower plants will
play a significant role in the countrys
development schemes. Indonesia is also
planning to build its first pumped storage power plant (1,000 MW Upper
Cisokan) in the near future and recently,
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO captured
contracts for the upgrade of the Cirata
HEPP control system, the Karebbe
HEPP (132 MW) and a refurbishment
contract for the Larona HEPP (136 MW).
PHILIPPINES
The capacity of all the power plants
connected to the main grid totals
15,619 MW, of which approximately
2,450 MW are contributed by hydro
plants. Some 17 % of the technically
feasible potential in the hydropower
sector has been already developed and
currently there are 18 small hydro
plants in planning, although in 2007
none were under construction.
Moreover, various peaking, mid-range
and base load power plants are
planned for commissioning by 2013.
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO was recently
awarded contracts for the rehabilitation
and upgrading of the Pantapangan
HEPP (112 MW), the refurbishment

of the Magat (360 MW), Tamugan


(2 x 10 MW) and Panigan (1 x 7.5 MW)
HEPPs.
VIETNAM
After gas (40 %), hydropower plants
(36.5 %) constitute the main means
of national power generation.
Total electricity production in 2005
amounted to 53.3 GWh and is
projected to rise to 294 GWh/year by
2020. Hydropower is playing a major
role in current development activities,
with numerous projects under way
throughout the country and nearly
5,000 MW of new capacity planned.
The potential for small hydro in Vietnam
is estimated at around 1,000 MW,
and this will play a significant part in
rural electrification. Many multipurpose
schemes will provide a water supply,
irrigation and recreational benefits for
the population. Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO recently won contracts for the
Tra Xom HEPP (2 x 10 MW), the Dakpsi
HEPP (3 x 10 MW) and the Xe Kamen
III HEPP (250 MW).
LAOS
With a third of the Mekong River
flowing through the country, Laos
has immense hydropower potential.
Of the some 18,000 MW, which is
technically feasible potential, at
present 672.6 MW of hydro capacity
is in operation. Small hydro plants are
planned for the electrification of remote
areas where the main grid cannot be
connected at the moment. The government plans to develop some 7,000 MW
of hydro capacity by 2020 and Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO is actively monitoring
this market.

Main hall of Cirata Unterground power station, Indonesia

MALAYSIA
During the last 10 years, around USD
3.2 billion have been invested in generation projects and this has led to an
improvement in both the efficiency and
availability of the power supply. The
government has also carried out a
study regarding the restructuring and
further liberalization of the power sector.
While the potential on the Malaysian
peninsula is relatively small, as about
25% of feasible hydropower potential
has already been developed, in Sabah
and Sarawak vast amounts remain to
be exploited. In overall terms, there is
currently installed hydro capacity of
about 2,078 MW in operation, while
107 MW is generated in small hydro
plants. Malaysia is presently preparing
feasibility studies for the following
projects. Limbang HEPP - 150 MW;
Belaga HEPP - 70 MW; Batang Ai
HEPP 60-80 MW; Metjawah HEPP 300 MW; Baram HEPP -1,000 MW.
MYANMAR
Myanmars hydro plant capacity has
tripled since1990 from 253 to 745 MW
and supplies nearly half of the countrys
power generation. Moreover, immense
potential of up to 39,000 MW of
hydropower remains available for
exploitation. With eight schemes under
construction and some 16 planned, the
country is moving ahead with a major
programme of hydropower development.

THAILAND
In 2006, oil provided 43.3 % of
national energy consumption, natural
gas 37.3 %, coal 9.3 %, lignite 7 %
and hydro/imported electricity 3%.
Some 31.2 % of the countrys technically feasible potential for hydropower
plants has been developed. In the
near future Thailand is to focus on
small-/medium-scale hydro development
and the upgrading of existing plants.
CAMBODIA
Cambodia has a population of over
14.1 million, but has only developed
about 0.1 % of its technically feasible
hydropower potential thus far. Up to
now, about 97 % of its electricity needs
have been imported. Of Cambodias
total installed capacity of 214 MW,
approximately 12 MW are generated by
hydropower plants. By 2015, power
demand is expected to reach 740 MW.
EAST TIMOR
With about 85 % of the total installed
capacity of 30 MW being consumed in
the area around the capital of Dili, the
newest nation in the world has electricity supply shortages in its rural areas. By
2009, energy demand is projected to
reach approximately 153 MW. Currently,
there are no hydro plants in operation
but with an estimated electricity
demand growth rate of 7-8 per cent
over the next ten years they are certain
to play a significant role in future.

SINGAPORE
With an area of only 648 km2,
Singapore has total installed capacity
of over 10,000 MW. The electricity
market is designed to promote the
efficient supply of competitively priced
electricity. However due to the lack of
water, Singapore is a purely thermal
power market. Nevertheless, we are
seeing Singaporean investors pouring
money into renewable development
throughout the region.
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO
The Group has been active in Southeast Asia for more than 20 years
with companies/offices in Indonesia
and Vietnam. Consequently, as an
inexpensive supplier of Indonesia-based
qualified turbine, generator and BoP
experts for the entire Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO Group on a worldwide basis,
and with long-term experience in
the outsourcing and supervision of
cost-effective manufacturing of
generator and turbine components,
PT VA TECH Indonesia has the
references and experience to position
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO as the
leading electromechanical equipment
supplier to the SEA Region.

Josef M. Ullmer
Phone +62/21 390 6929
ullmerjo@vatech.co.id

Hydronews 19

Markets

The Brazilian Compact


Hydro Market
f large and compact hydro, wind,
solar, nuclear and thermal power
sources are taken into consideration, today Brazil has 1,713 power
plants in operation, with total
installed capacity of 101,300 MW.

Internationally, a five per cent energy


shortage risk is commonly accepted.
However, according to the latest
research in Brazil, in view of increasing
demand this risk may reach 28% in
2011, if major investments are not
made in enlarged, national energy
supply capacity. Spending of about
EUR 500 billion is needed in the
next 25 years in order to raise hydro
and thermal energy production to
217,000 MW.
Today, of the aforementioned 101,300
MW, hydropower plants provide
installed capacity of 77,265 MW, which
represents nearly 30 per cent of Brazils
total potential hydro capacity of
260,000 MW. One hundred and forty
five projects are currently under construction involving a total of 7,881 MW
and together with another 469 already
awarded projects these will represent
an addition of 34,720 MW to Brazils
installed capacity within the coming
years. Compact hydro (PCH
Pequenas Centrais Hidreltricas in
Portuguese) is used in Brazil in the
form of projects involving outputs of up
to 30 MW and total permitted flooded
areas not exceeding 3 km2. Of the total
hydro installed capacity mentioned
above, 2.7 per cent derives from compact hydropower (CH) plants with an
overall output of 2,086 MW.

20 Hydronews

Compact powerhouse and penstock, units installed at the Salto Jauru HPP

Eighty-two CH plants, which add up to


1,358 MW, are currently under construction and the necessary authorizations for over 3,700 MW from other CH
projects are undergoing issuing procedures by the Brazilian authorities. In
fact, due to the incentives granted by
the Brazilian government, which include
a discount of 50% on the transmission
tariffs and several tax and duty exemptions, investment in CH projects has
come into fashion. In addition, the
obtainment of environmental licences is
less complex and the period needed
prior to becoming operational is relatively short (only 20 months).
Selling CH-energy in the free contracting ambience is easier, as prices are
higher and contracts longer than the
ones used in the regulated contracting
area. All the above factors have attracted most of the large investment groups,
such as ERSA, which is controlled by
Patria Investments, Eton Park (USA)
and DEG (Germany), who at present
are investing EUR 270 million in 12 CH

projects with a total output of 167 MW.


Tarpon Investments also has put its
faith in this business and has just
entered into a partnership with Winbros
and Poente Engenharia to create the
company Omega Energias Renovveis,
which has acquired CH projects with a
volume of 240 MW, which are scheduled to go into commercial operation
not later than 2012. Concrete plans are
also on the table at Omega for the partnering of other investment groups, in
order to complete 1,100 MW of green
field projects in the near future in addition to the plants already in operation.
Investment groups, electro-intensive
consumers and private entrepreneurs,
such as Suez (Belgium), AES (USA) and
other smaller enterprises are all very
keen on participating in this business,
thus making Brazil one of the most
promising CH markets in the world.
Joel de Almeida
Phone +55/114 13 3000 8
joel.almeida@vatechhydro.com.br

Site report

Islas

Technical data: Islas Turbine 1


Output:
508 kW
Head:
50.95 m
Speed:
750 rpm
Runner diameter:
518 mm

Switzerland

n August 2006, Andritz VA TECH


HYDRO Switzerland received
an order from E-Werk St. Moritz
for the delivery of three Francis
turbines as part of the update of
the Islas hydropower plant.

The Islas power plant has been running


since 1932 with three Francis turbines
from Escher Wyss. The refurbishing
project envisaged an increase in the
flow rate from 8.0 to 10.4 m3/s.
In summer, the plant is used to
produce base load, while in the winter,
it generates peak load energy using
water from the St. Moritz lake.
However, owing to the international
WHITE TURF horse race on the

frozen lake, power generation is


strictly limited.
The order for the delivery of the
electromechanical equipment was
allocated to a consortium headed by
VA TECH HYDRO AG Switzerland and
the Spanish enterprise INDAR as the
generator supplier.
VA TECH HYDRO AG Switzerlands
scope of supply consisted of the
inlet pipe between the penstock and
the turbine inlet butterfly valves, three
butterfly valves, three Francis turbines
including auxiliary equipment, the
turbine governor and the control,
command and communication system.
Due to the excellent collaboration with
the client, the consultant, the construc-

Technical data: Islas Turbine 2


Output:
1,287 kW
Head:
50.35 m
Speed:
750 rpm
Runner diameter:
720 mm

Technical data: Islas Turbine 3


Output:
2,895 kW
Head:
48.71 m
Speed:
500 rpm
Runner diameter:
1,086 mm

tion company and within the consortium, the very short timetable for the
demolition of the existing plant, the
modification of the existing buildings
and the erection and commissioning of
the electro-mechanical equipment was
adhered to and the plant was handed
over just before Christmas 2007.

Islas-new (and old) units

Transportation and delivery of the bifurcation pipe

Urs Rupper
Phone +41/71 950 0166
urs.rupper@vatech-hydro.ch

Hydronews 21

Site report

St. Martin
Overhaul of the
Asynchronous Generator
n the period from August 2007
to April 2008, Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO completed the replacement
of the stator and the overhaul of
the rotor from the St. Martin power
plant. Verbund AHP had decided
to undertake this general refurbishment of the generator due to fact
that it had been operational
since 1965.

The St.Martin power plant is one of


four units belonging to the Teigitsch
auf der Pack group, which is located
in the border area between the
Austrian federal provinces of Styria
and Carinthia. The Teigitsch group is
characterised by the optimum use
of the energy potential stored in the
Pack and Hierzmann annual reservoirs
by the Arnstein, Teigitschmhle, Pack
and St. Martin power plants, which can
only be used in joint operation.

11 MVA
6.3 kV
602.5 rpm
0.85

the rotor was transported to the


Weiz plant for close examination and
CO2 cleaning and fortunately, due to
its positive general condition, only
minimal repairs were required.
The aim of the renewal and overhaul
measures was the securing of
continual operation for the years to
come and the main obstacle to be
surmounted during project realisation
was the very brief completion period
of just nine months.

Accordingly, in order to keep the standstill of the entire power plant group to a
minimum, it was decided to exchange
the entire stator. Following disassembly,

Therefore, Andritz VA TECH HYDRO


carried out the engineering, material
sourcing and production at the Weiz
plant, as well as the on-site assembly
work, in something approaching
record time.
This was not only possible due to
the outstanding co-ordination and
teamwork among all those involved
from both Verbund AHP and Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO.
Support from the extremely
competent specialists seconded
from Verbund AHP for the work at the
plant also greatly eased the burden on
our installation team.

Transportation of the old stator

New stator ready for stacking

22 Hydronews

Technical data:
Output:
Voltage:
Speed:
Power factor:

Generator after commissioning

This project is a typical example of


the potential lying dormant in old plant.
As a result of the use of the latest
calculation methods, state-of-the-art
technology and the newest materials,
a reduction of over 25% has been
achieved with regard to stator iron
and copper losses.

Michael Heuberger
Phone +43/3172 606 3357
michael.heuberger@vatech-hydro.at
Stator and rotor before assembly

Site report

Schaffhausen
Turbine Overhaul completed
Successfully
y order of Kraftwerk
Schaffhausen AG (KWS) and
the Nordostschweizerische
Kraftwerke AG (NOK), Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO has completely
overhauled the turbines at the
Schaffhausen power plant, which
were supplied by Escher Wyss in
the 1960s.

Preassembly of cone and thrust bearing

Not far from the Rheinfall, Europes


largest waterfalls, lies the no less
impressive Schaffhausen power plant.
This low-pressure, run-of-river plant
exploits the energy provided by the
Rhine along a 13.6 km stretch of
river between Diessenhofen and
Neuhausen. The plant, which numbers
among the largest of its type in
Switzerland, is fitted with two vertical
Kaplan turbines, both of which have
5.9 m-diameter runners.
It is of note that, with the exception
of a governor update completed by
Bell Escher Wyss in the mid-1990s,
since their start-up the turbines have
been in constant operation without
any major overhauls.
Between 2006 and 2008, Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO, Kriens was able

to carry out the order from KWS / NOK


for the complete overhaul of both
machines. Due to their size, the
work on the runners and shafts was
allocated to Andritz VA TECH HYDRO
in Ravensburg, while parts of the
shafting, tracking and distributor were
dealt with by the facility in Kriens.
Some components had to be newly
manufactured and the old shaft
sealings were exchanged for modern
synthetic replacements. Moreover,
a maintenance-free concept was
implemented for the distributor.
The dimensions and quantity of
the components involved posed an
enormous challenge, especially as
these had to be finished within a very
short period of just a few months
against the background of a marked
economic boom. Nonetheless, due to
the close co-operation with the shops
and the engineers in Ravensburg,
every requirement was met to the
complete satisfaction of the customer.
Following refurbishing, the first
machine went back online in mid-2007.

Technical data:
Output:
Head:
Speed:
Runner diameter:

14.4
9.25
71.42
5,900

The Schaffhausen hydropower plant

Runner lifting at unit 1

The second unit was handed over to


the customers for power production
in mid-June 2008, thus providing a
successful conclusion to the project.
Davide Piras
Phone +41/41 329 52 30
davide.piras@vatech-hydro.ch

Processing of wicket gates for unit 1 in Kriens

Hydronews 23

MW
m
rpm
mm

Site report

Kelenfld
Major Overhaul of
a Turbo Generator
rom June 16 - July 31, 2008,
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO carried
out a major overhaul of the gas
turbine generator no. 2 at the
Kelenfld power plant in Hungary.
This contract included the replacement of the entire stator winding,
the repair of the rotor and balancing at the Weiz plant, the overhaul
of all the auxiliary systems such as
protection, excitation and starting
frequency converter, and the
upgrade of the existing DIA TECH
Online Monitoring System.

Budapesti Eromu ZRt. is part of the


EDF Group and operates three gasfired combined cycle power plants in
Budapest (Kelenfld, Ujpest, Kisbest),
which supply the city with electricity
and district heating. In recent years, the
power plants have been fully updated
and represent the state-of-the-art
in both an ecological and technical
regard.
Modifications, scheduled maintenance
and repairs are only possible at the
Kelenfld plant during a short summer
shutdown. Accordingly, Andritz VA
TECH HYDRO only captured the order
for a complete overhaul after the
presentation of stringent schedule
involving 2-shift working, which envisaged the completion of the work in just
45 calendar days. Moreover, the con-

Loading of the rotor onto a truck

24 Hydronews

tract was first allocated in January


2008, which left a pre-project period of
just five months for the manufacture of
the winding components and made
exact logistical planning vital.
The unit was shutdown on June 16
and work on the disassembly of the
rotor started without delay. The sensitive transport of the 42 tons rotor to
the Weiz plant and back was completed in teamwork with the experienced
transport company Felber. The damageable stator components had to be
supplied and returned on a just-in-time
basis, as the storage space available
at the power plant and in the machine
hall were extremely limited. In addition,
GE was also completing a parallel
major overhaul of the gas turbine.
Immediately after the disassembly of
the rotor, work commenced on providing the stator with new windings and
at the same time, Weiz carried out the
design upgrade of the rotor, as well
as the individual overhauls of the protection, excitation and start-up inverter.
The existing online monitoring system
was also upgraded and brought up
to the state-of-the-art. The completion
of these extensive activities in such
an extremely short time posed an
enormous challenge to the entire team.
Material sourcing, production at the
Weiz plant and the precise scheduling
of the various assembly steps was only

Rotor disassembly

Technical data:
Output:
Voltage:
Speed:
Power factor:

156.5 MVA
15.75 kV
3,000 rpm
0.8

The Kelenfld power plant

possible due to the outstanding


co-ordination among the engineers
involved. Moreover, the site work was
finished on time thanks to the efforts
of highly experienced personnel from
within Andritz VA TECH Hydro. On
July 30, 2008 plant operation was
reinitiated in teamwork with engineers
from Budapesti Eromu , who provided
our team with excellent support, and all
the commissioning tests were completed.
On August 1, the plant was then handed
back to the customer for full operation.
Engelbert Ablasser
Phone +43/3172 606 2035
engelbert.ablasser@vatech-hydro.at

Installation of the new stator winding

Highlights

SWEDEN
HARSPRNGET &
KILFORSEN

NORWAY
SYLLING &
KRISTIANSAND

Swedish Vattenfall AB Vattenkraft


has awarded Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO an order for the upgrading
of two Francis turbines for the
Harsprnget and Kilforsen
hydropower plants.

Andritz VA TECH HYDRO, Jevnaker


has been awarded with an order for
the modernization of the start and
control equipment for two Statnett
SF rotating phase compensator
plants in Sylling and Kristiansand.

Both stations went on-line in the early


fifties and at that time, Harsprnget was
the world's largest hydropower plant.
The new order encompasses the
hydraulic design and manufacture
of two new Francis runners (weight
32,000 kg). Model testing and the
CFD calculations will be completed at
Andritz VA TECH HYDROs laboratory
in Linz, Austria. Andritz WAPLANS,
Sweden, which became a fully owned
Andritz subsidiary in January 2008, will
be responsible for the dismantling and
modification of the turbines for the new
runners, the regulation systems and the
general turbine upgrading, including

Andritz VA TECH HYDRO Norway and


Vienna successfully modernized the
phase compensators in Frogner and
Balsfjord in 2005 and in early 2008. All
four compensators play an essential
role in the operation of Statnetts 400 kV
grid with its long transmission distances. Therefore, short outage and
reliability after modernization was of
major importance to the client. For
Sylling and Kristiansand the Norwegian
and Austrian units of Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO are to supply static frequency
converters for unit start-up, THYNE 5
static excitation systems, DRS electrical
protection equipment, synchronization,
NEPTUN unit control, SCADA, and
cooling gas surveillance for the hydrogen-cooled rotating machines. In addition, Syllings 13 kV switchgear is to
receive new controls. Re-commissioning of the plants is scheduled for mid2009 and early 2010 after respective
outages of 6 months.

refurbishment, as well as the installation


and commissioning work. Following the
upgrade, the power output at the rated
net head of both power stations will be
increased by approximately 20% over
current levels, by means of a flow and
efficiency increase. Commissioning
finalization is expected in February
2011 for Harsprnget and in November
2011 for Kilforsen.
Jrgen Tyrebo
Phone +46/640 17731
jorgen.tyrebo@andritz.com

Technical data: Harsprnget/Kilforsen


Output:
117 / 100 MW
Head:
105 / 95 m
Speed:
166.7 rpm
Runner diameter:
3,750 mm

Ole Andreas Gundersen


Phone +47/61315 257
oag@vatech.no

Technical data: Sylling / Kristiansand


Output:
160 / 140 MVAr
Voltage:
13 / 16 kV
Speed:
750 rpm

SWITZERLAND
SOAZZA
At the end of 2007, Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO, Kriens received
an order from Officine Idroelettriche
di Mesolcins SA (OIM) and
Nordostschweizerische Kraftwerke
AG (NOK) for two new Pelton
runners and casing inserts. The
aim of the replacement is to
achieve confirmed high efficiency
with a minimum of investment.

The Soazza hydropower plant was


built in the late 1950s and apart from
the exchange of two runners, supplied
by Escher Wyss in 1988, in the meantime the plant has not seen any major
changes. The runners have been
regularly serviced and replacement
was not vital, but the customer
recognized the positive ROI to be
obtained through the efficiency gain
offered by new runners. To ensure
its investment, the customer adopted
a new approach during bidding,
accepting no measurement turbine
efficiency tolerances with regard to
either the model or the prototype.
At the end of July 2008, we exceeded
the model efficiency expectation and
successfully completed the customers
acceptance test, which gives us great
confidence for the prototype acceptance test in March 2009.
Pascal Haas
Phone +41/41 329 53 14
pascal.haas@vatech-hydro.ch

Technical data:
Output:
Head:
Speed:
Runner diameter:

43
704
428.6
2,410

MW
m
rpm
mm

Hydronews 25

Highlights

CHILE
LICAN

BELGIUM
NISRAMONT

AUSTRIA
GSTATTERBODEN

In April 2008, Andritz VA TECH


HYDRO received an order for two
horizontal Francis turbines from the
Chilean company ELISA S. A.

Andritz VA TECH HYDRO, Germany


has received a contract in Nadrin,
Belgium for the modernization of
the Barrage de Nisramont hydro.
power plant with two new compact
Francis turbines.

At the beginning of November 2007,


Verbund-Austrian Hydro Power
awarded a contract to a consortium
consisting of Andritz VA TECH HYDRO,
Germany and ELIN EBG Motoren
Ltd. for the delivery of a compact
bulb unit for the Gstatterboden weir
power plant. The new hydropower
plant will be built in the immediate
vicinity of the existing weir.

The scope of supply will be incorporated in the hydraulic system of the Lican
project (approximately 65 km far from
the city of Osorno). The project
involves intake structures, a first water
channel, a surge tank, a second water
channel, a load chamber, a steel penstock, the powerhouse with adjacent

tail water channel, and a reservoir.


The scope of supply for Andritz VA
TECH HYDRO consists of two horizontal Francis turbines with generators, inlet valves, units automation,
joint control and remote SCADA. The
plant will be delivered and installed by
VA TECH ESCHER WYSS S.r.l., Schio,
Italy and start-up is scheduled to take
place in November-December 2009.

This hydropower plant is part of a


larger complex built in the 1950s. It
also includes a buttress dam, a
water pumping station and a drinking
water treatment plant. Two double
Francis turbines will produce electricity for the pumping station and the
treatment plant. The plant is owned
by Socit Wallonne des Eaux
(SWDE) and our client, Andr
Lemaire S.A., has received a contract from SWDE for the complete
modernization of the electrical and
mechanical equipment based on
Compact Hydros proposed solution.
Finding an answer for the special
boundary conditions of this plant,
especially in view of the fact that the
existing building was to be affected
as little as possible, represented a
challenging task for Compact Hydro,
together with the consultant VALID
Technologies from Srl (VT) in
Switzerland. The consultants original
idea involved Kaplan turbines, but
finally an unorthodox solution was
found using two Francis turbines in
combination with gearboxes. This
was evaluated as the best and only
feasible idea and was finally ordered.
The scope of supply consists of two
completely new compact Francis
turbines each with gearbox, a generator, oil supply and the main inlet
valve. The commissioning of turbine I
will take place in May 2009.

Paolo Nardello
Phone +39/44 56 78 356
paolo.nardello@vatew.it

Dieter Krompholz
Phone +49/751 29 511 483
dieter.krompholz@vatew.de

Technical data:
Output:
Head:
Speed:
Runner diameter:

26 Hydronews

8.6
235.9
1,000
720

MW
m
rpm
mm

Technical data:
Output:
2 x 611
Head:
13
Speed:
300 / 1,000
Runner diameter:
1,086

In addition to the compact turbine,


the scope of supply includes the
corresponding drainage equipment, a
synchronous generator with brushless
excitation, an automation system for
the machine and the existing secondary

equipment, as well as spare parts.


Furthermore, the consortium is
responsible for the installation and
commissioning of supply. Trial operation
is scheduled for the end of 2009.
The Hieflau power plant was put into
operation in1956. It was designed as
a diversion canal scheme with a daily
storage capacity. Hence the fact that,
in terms of the current state-of-the-art,
the rated discharge of the existing
scheme was too low. The upgrading
of the Hieflau power plant scheme
includes a new pressure tunnel
built parallel to the existing one and
a new small hydropower plant in
Gstatterboden, which will generate
an ecological flow of energy of approximately 8 million kWh annually.
Edwin Walch
Phone +43/732 6986 3437
edwin.walch@andritz.com

kW
m
rpm
mm

Technical data:
Output:
Voltage:
Head:
Speed:
Runner diameter:

1,995
6.3
9.5
250
1,950

kW
kV
m
rpm
mm

Site report

SWITZERLAND
SCHATTENHALB III

USA
JORDANELLE DAM

CANADA
CLOUDWORKS

In early 2008, EWR ENERGIE AG


(EWR), a company of the BKW
Group, placed an order with Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO for the electromechanical equipment at its
Schattenhalb III hydropower plant.

The turbine generator units provided


by Andritz VA TECH HYDRO Canada
for the Jordanelle Project were successfully started-up and commissioned during June 2008.

T his project in British Columbia


involves the design and delivery
of 14 turbines, generators and inlet
valves and is moving at top speed.

EWR uses the River Reichenbach


in two stages, comprised by the
Schattenhalb I and II stations (commissioned in 1901 and 1926). The catchment area of the Reichenbach measures 48 km2 and extends from the
Engelhrnern to the Grindelgrat, via the
Wetterhorn, the Grosse Scheidegg and
the Schwarzhorn. With the new
Schattenhalb III power plant the upper
stage, Schattenhalb II, can be replaced.
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO is leading a
consortium that also includes ELIN EBG
Motoren and ESATATEC. The scope of
supply of the consortium includes the
turbine, a turbine governor, a
generator, a voltage regulator, protection and synchronisation, control and
communication systems, a cooling
system, auxiliary power and earthing,
a turbine shut-off valve (ball valve), a
powerhouse crane, equipment for
the positioning of the generator, and
medium - voltage equipment.

Markus Eisenring
Phone +41/71 9500 166
markus.eisenring@andritz.com

Technical data:
Output:
Head:
Speed:
Runner diameter:

In late 2005, the Central Utah Water


Conservancy District awarded Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO Canada an order for
the design and supply of water to
wire equipment, including two horizontal Francis turbines, synchronous
generators, inlet valves, and a control
system for a new powerhouse for its
Jordanelle Dam. Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO equipment was specifically
chosen due to its high efficiency and

energy production. The Francis turbines


were designed and manufactured by
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO France. The
Jordanelle dam is part of the complex
water supply and distribution system
for the Salt Lake City region in Utah.
The new powerhouse will now use the
water discharge for the production of
approximately 44 GW/h. The high altitude project site is located approximately 16 km from Park City, Utah, the
venue for the 2002 Winter Olympics.
The Central Utah Water Conservancy
District plans to use the facility as an
educational showcase exemplifying the
development of a renewable resource
for energy production.

In 2007, Andritz VA TECH HYDRO Canada


was awarded a contract to design and
supply turbine, generator and auxiliary
equipment for the Kwalsa and Upper
Stave hydropower projects. Commercial
operation for Kwalsa and Upper Stave
is scheduled for November 2009 and
November 2010 respectively. For the
execution of these run-of-river projects,
which in total consist of 14 units and have
a combined output of 165 MW, four
Andritz VA TECH HYDRO locations are
involved, in addition to key external partners
in France for the generator and inlet valves.
At this stage the engineering for all projects
and production is complete and is moving
fast in Europe and in Canada. Site progress
has been unfolding at an impressive pace
and all the embedded components have
been installed at the four Kwalsa sites.
The first generator and runner deliveries
are expected in November 2008, and
everything is in place to have the first two
units commissioned this year, thus beating
the schedule by several months!
Javier Esparza-Baena
Phone +1/905 643 5881 207
javier.esparza@andritz.com

Mark Barandy
Phone +1/973 403 8210
mark.barandy@andritz.com

9.6
400
750
1,070

MW
m
rpm
mm

Technical data:
Output:
Head:
Speed:
Runner diameter:

6.5
82.3
360
1,250

MW
m
rpm
mm

Hydronews 27

Events

HIDROENERGIA 2008
New Impetus for Small Hydro Power,
a Significant Factor in the EU Energy Mix
he Hidroenergia 2008 was
held in Bled/Slovenia from
June 11-13, 2008. This was the
first time that the fair had taken
place in one of the new EU
member states and appropriately,
Slovenia chaired the European
Council Presidency in the first
half of 2008.

Co-organized by the European Small


Hydropower Association (ESHA) and
the Slovenian Small Hydropower
Association (SSHA), the conference
brought together over 250 leading,
small hydropower sector experts
from 36 countries in the beautiful
city of Bled.
This years programme focused on
the two crucial issues of the role
of small hydropower within the EU
energy and climate package and
sustainability. The conference
included more than 50 presentations
in 12 sessions from distinguished
speakers representing the views of
industry, research institutes, the
European Commission, NGOs and
governments with a key focus on:
Policy framework
New opportunities and image
Environmental and technical
solutions
Planning, engineering and innovations.
ESHA, the European Small
Hydropower Association (ESHA), is
an international non-profit making

28 Hydronews

Mr. Dr. E. Doujak (Vienna University of Technology) visiting Andritz VA TECH HYDRO booth

association representing the small


hydropower sector.
ESHA is a founding member of the
EREC (European Renewable Energy
Council), which groups together all
of Europes main renewable energy
industry and research associations.
ESHA is located in Europes headquarters for renewable energy, the
Renewable Energy House in Brussels.
With more than 17,800 small
hydropower schemes and total
installed capacity of 12,333 MW in
the EU-27, the small hydropower sector plays an important part in meeting
todays urgent need for clean energy.
The straightforward concept of
generating electricity using the energy

of water to turn the blades of a


turbine has been developed and
refined so that hydro schemes are
able to immediately respond to
fluctuations in electricity demand.
Hydropowers main advantage is
that it provides a steady and secure
source of electricity supply and can
thus counter the intermittency of
other renewable energy technologies
such as solar electricity and wind.
In addition, small hydropower
also offers a long lifespan (up to
100 years) and a very high pay-back
ratio.
Edwin Walch
Phone +43/732 6986 3473
edwin.walch@andritz.com

Events

ENERGY EFFICIENCY
WORKSHOP
in Cape Town
he ENERGY EFFICIENCY
INITIATIVE goes live. In the
course of the Energy Efficiency
for Power Plants in South Africa
B2B project, an Energy Efficiency
Workshop was held at the
University of Cape Town (UCT)
on March 14, 2008. The workshop
was initiated and organized by the
ENERGY EFFICIENCY INITIATIVE.

The ENERGY EFFICIENCY WORKSHOP was designed to bring together


university students and representatives of the power industry. About 115
students from the UCT (University of
Cape Town) and the CPUT (Cape
Peninsular University of Technology)
attended the Energy Efficiency
Workshop. This participation was
extraordinary high in view of the fact
that the event was held on a Friday
afternoon. Each of the various presentations was followed by a panel
discussion, which demonstrated the
students high levels of interest and
involvement. South Africa is facing
a tense energy supply situation with
repeated blackouts. Therefore, issues
such as demand side management
and load shedding met with a special
response. The event received general
approval, the questionnaire debriefing
showing very positive feedback from
the students. The information content,
organization, presentation quality and
panel discussions were given an 8 out

of 10 rating. During the concluding


workshop dinner, further key points
such as initial contacts relating to the
issues of training, education,
advanced courses for students,
energy efficiency research projects
and the establishing of a personal
database for interested students were
all discussed. It was generally agreed,
that the preparation of the issues had
been done well and that the Energy
Efficiency Platform will become a
firmly established and sustainable
instrument. The Austrian Consulate
General in Cape Town sent greetings
to the universities professors and
students to express its support of
the initiative in South Africa and in
addition, the Austrian Trade
Commission in Johannesburg has
been informed of events. In April
2008, the initiative was also presented at the Emerging Markets Congress
in Vienna. As a follow-up, two professors and two students from the UCT
and the CPUT have been invited to
lecture at the 20th African Hydro
Symposium in September 2008.
This annual event provides a regular
platform for African utilities to share
their experiences regarding the operation, maintenance and management
of hydropower plants, especially in
the South African Power Pool (SAPP).
This years Symposium took place
in Lusaka, Zambia and apart from
the operational problems at various
power plants, the focus was on the
lack of electricity in various African
countries (black-outs, increased
electricity demand, lack of generating
capacity). Visions and action for overcoming this situation are set to play

The ENERGY EFFICIENCY INITIATIVE


was founded by Andritz VA TECH HYDRO,
together with its local partner company, SAM
(Systems Automation & Management), the
University of Cape Town (UCT), the Cape
Peninsular University of Technology (CPUT)
and ESKOM. The Initiative involves a number
of activities, which are intended to generate
awareness regarding the issue of energy efficiency in all spheres of life and promote sustainable solutions. One objective is to arouse
enthusiasm among students regarding energy efficiency issues and motivate them to
work in the energy field. Moreover, related
scientific research work is promoted. The
Austrian Development Agency is supporting
and co-financing this bilateral initiative.

an important role in the years to


come. The funding of hydro investments is another central issue and
at the Symposium, Andritz VA TECH
HYDRO was invited to introduce its
ENERGY EFFICIENCY INITIATIVE.
Another interesting multi-lateral cooperation project between various
global regions (including Upper
Austria and Western Cape) has
signalled the utilization of synergies via
the ENERGY EFFICIENCY INITIATIVE.
Many thanks are also due to the
Austrian Development Agency for its
comprehensive support during project
implementation.
Walter Schwarz
Phone +43/1 89100 3557
walter.schwarz@vatech-hydro.at

Hydronews 29

Events

HYDRO AUTOMATION DAY 2008


Power Generation in Transition

Automated cascade control


of middle Salzach River
( Rudolf Palzenberger, Salzburg AG,
Austria ).
Maintainance of operator skillsplant simulation as a necessity
in automation ( Heinz-Peter Allmer,
Verbund-Austrian Hydro Power AG,
Austria ).
The group dispatch centers
of E.ON Wasserkraft - security
in data communication
( Stefan Bartz, E.ON Wasserkraft
GmbH, Germany ).
The main topic of change not only
formed a thread running through
the lectures, but was also apparent
during the evening proceedings.

his years HYDRO AUTOMATION DAY was held on May 8,


2008 and witnessed lively national
and international involvement.
The focus was on the topics of
the changes in energy generation
and their effects, especially
with regard to Andritz VA TECH
HYDROs automation solutions.

An audience of over 200 people


from 12 countries enjoyed an interesting selection of specialist presentations and contributed to the success
of the event with a lively exchange
of experience.

30 Hydronews

The entire AUTOMATION DAY


was held under the motto, Energy
generation in transition hydropower
automation solutions.
The effects of change on automation
in the energy generation sector
formed the nucleus of all the presentations. Both the direct influences,
such as the fresh opportunities
for pump storage power plants
and the new challenges regarding
optimisation were considered,
along with the consequences of
technological progress in the automation field. Our customers also took
these factors into account in their
presentations:

In previous centuries, the Orangery


at the Palace of Schnbrunn
served as an exotic garden and
a place for summer gatherings
for guests.
On the occasion of the AUTOMATION DAY, it furnished Andritz
VA TECH HYDRO with a special
backdrop to a singular gathering.
The reception in the palace gardens
with discreet live music in the form
of modern and classic string pieces
provided a delightful entre to the
evenings entertainment.
A generous gala buffet was followed
by the highlight of the evening,
comprised by a presentation of
perfect physical control in combination with top artistic performance.
Finally, a most enjoyable and

Events

informative day closed in a relaxed


atmosphere to the strains of pleasant
piano music.
The growing acceptance of the
HYDRO AUTOMATION DAY
was again mirrored this year by a
further increase in both the numbers
of attendees and the countries
represented.

Jens Putz
Phone +43/1 811 95 6715
jens.paeutz@vatech-hydro.at

Events &
Fairs
INTERNATIONAL
CONFERENCE
Nov. 26-28, 2008
Vienna, Austria
HYDRO AUTOMATION
DAY
May 28, 2009
Vienna, Austria

Hydronews 31

Hydro Power

focus on performance

Andritz VA TECH HYDRO has more than 400,000 MW


of hydro capacity installed worldwide.
The combination of experience, innovation and global manufacturing
is Andritz VA TECH HYDROs driving force for technology
and customers satisfaction.

We focus on the best solution from water to wire.

VA TECH HYDRO GmbH


Penzinger Strasse 76
A-1141 Vienna, Austria
Phone: +43/1 89100-2659
Fax: +43/1 8946046

contact@vatech-hydro.com
www.vatech-hydro.com

HP.HN14.7900.en.10.08

Turbines & Generators