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Since,it's start nearly 170 years ago by the British, trains have been an integral part

of Indian lives but I'm sure not very many know all these amazing facts.
1.

2.

India's

The

first

world's

train

longest

ran

railway

between

platform

is

in

Bombay

and

India

at

Thane

Gorakhpur

3. The train that has the longest run in terms of distance and time on Indian Railways
network is : Vivek Express travels a distance of 4273 km

4. Train that runs between India and Pakistan is : Samjhauta Express

5. Train running between India and Bangladesh is : Maitree Express

6. Indian train that won the world Heritage Status from UNESCO : Darjeeling
Himalayan Railways

7. The Highest railway station in India : Ghum railway station (West Bengal).

8. The Longest Railway bridge in India : Vallarpadam Bridge, 4.62km (kerala)

9. The Longest Railway Tunnel in India (Asia's second): Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel
11.2km
(Jammu
and
Kashmir)

10. Total zones in Indian railway-17

11. Slogan of Indian Railway : Lifeline of the Nation

12. Fastest train in India : New Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the fastest train in
India. maximum speed of 150km/h

13. Slowest train in India : Metupalayam Ooty Nilgiri Passenger which runs at a
speed of 10kmph, 15 times slower than fastest running train. Since this train runs
in hilly region there are speed limits to comply

14. Shortest run by a train : Scheduled services between Nagpur and Ajni stations
situated just 3km from each other.

15. Shortest station name : Ib, near Jharsuguda in Odisha and Od, near Anand in
Gujarat

16. Trains with most stops : The record for maximum number of stops by an
Express/Mail train is held by Howrah Amritsar Express 115 halts

17.Two stations at same location : Srirampur and Belapur are two different stations
in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra which are both at the same location on the
railway route but on opposite sides of the track.

18. Most powerful locomotive : Electric locomotive WAG-9 used for hauling heavy
freight rakes is the most powerful locomotive in Indian Railways fleet

19. Last stations in North-South-East-West direction : Northernmost railway station


is Baramulla in Jammu and Kashmir. Westernmost is Naliya near Bhuj in Gujarat.
Southernmost railway station is Kanyakumari, while the last station on the east of
India is Ledo on branch line from Tinsukia.

20. Junction with most number of routes originating from it :Mathura junction
with 7 routes.

As continued....

21.Most number of parallel tracks/ Three gauges at one station : Seven parallel tracks
between Bandra Terminus and Andheri 10km

22. Busiest station : VIJAYAWADA JN is the busiest railway station, with 247 unique trains.

23.Oldest Working Locomotive : Indian Railways still has the oldest preserved locomotive in
working order, the Fairy Queen which was made way back in 1855. It is the oldest functioning
steam engine in the world, which finds a place in the Guinness Book of World Records and got
Heritage Award at the International Tourist Bureau, Berlin in March 2000

24.Labor Force : Indian Railways is the worlds eighth largest commercial or utility employer,
by number of employees, with over 1.4 million employees. It is also the Indias largest employer.
25.Railway Network : Though it is commonly believed, India doesnt have the largest railway
network in the World. India comes fourth with approx. 65,000 km of railroad after US, Russia,
and China.
26.Steam Locomotives :The manufacture of steam locomotives in the country was stopped in
1972.

27.Longest Tunnel : The countrys longest tunnel is Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel 11.215 km
that was completed in December 2012 in Jammu and Kashmir. The tunnel is yet to become
functional railway route. Karbude on Konkan Railways, which is 6.5 km in length previously
held the title for the longest tunnel in India.

28.Underground Railway : First Underground Railway that was opened for public use was
Calcutta Metro.

29.Electric Trains : First Electric coach ran on the 3rd February 1925 between Bombay VT
and Kurla stations.

30.Computerized Reservations :First Reservation through the computer System commenced in


New Delhi in the year 1986.

31. Palace on Wheels : Indians were not allowed to board the Palace on Wheels luxury train
for quite a while when it was launched on Republic Day of 1982.

32. Passenger Load : The Indian Railways (IR) carries over 23 million passengers daily which
is perhaps more than the entire population of Australia, New Zealand and Tasmania put together.
Annually Indian Railways ferries 8.421 billion passengers.

33.Total Number of Trains : Indian Railways runs as many as 19,000 trains every day. Some
12,000 trains are for passengers and 7,000 for freight.

34.Number of classes of Accommodation: 10 (1AC, 2AC, 3AC, 3AE, EC, CC, FC, SL, 2S, IIUR)

35.Total seating capacity of the Indian Railways: 5.06 million The total population of Finland
or Singapore can be easily seated inside all of Indian Trains

36.Zone with highest absolute earnings: Northern Railway (123.27 mn)

37.Zone with highest earnings from Passenger Business per track kilometer: North Central
Railway NCR (5.4 mn/km)
38.Zone with highest earnings from highest earnings from Freight Loading and overall
business per track kilometer: Eastern Coastal Railway ECOR (18.1 mn/km, 20.1 mn/km)

39.State with highest per capita rail route km: Andhra Pradesh* (0.1 metre/person)

40.State with lowest per capita rail route km: Kerala (0.03 metre/person)

To Be Continued...!!!!

IMPORTANT POINTS TO BE REMEMBER FOR RAILWAY EXAM


1.

The Constitution of India was adopted on -26th November 1949

2. The Constituent Assembly of India started functioning from - 9th December ,


1946
3. The Constituent Assembly took time to frame the Constitution of India 2
years 11 months 18 days
4.

The Concept of written constitution, first born was USA

5.

The Constitution of India is Partly rigid, partly flexible

6. The word Secularism was inserted in the Preamble of the Indian


Constitution by 42nd Amendment
7. The Preamble to the constitution declares India as A sovereign Socialist
Secular Democratic Republic
8.

The item Education belongs to the Concurrent List

9. How many languages have recongnised by the Constitution 22 Language in


8 th schedule
10. The number of Union Territories in India is 7 Union Territories
11. Part of the Indian Constitution deals with Fundamental Rights - Part III
Indian Constitution
12. Constitutional Amendment deleted the Right to Property from the list of
Fundamental Rights 44th Amendment(insert ARTICLE 300-A)
13. Articles of Indian Constitution guarantees freedom to press Article 19
14. Sikkim was made an integral part of India under the 36th Amendment
15. The power to curve out a new State is vested in The Parliament
16. The Constitutional States has been given to Panchayats under -Article 243
17. In year Fundamental Duties of citizens were introduced by 42nd Amendment
1976
18. The vacancy of the office of the President of India must be filled up within 6
months
19. The power of the President to issue ordinance is a relic of - Government of
India Act of 1935

20. Rashtrapati Bhawan was designed by - Edwin Lutyens


21. A Presidential Ordinance can remain in force For six months
22. In Article of the Constitution of India can be the President of India be
impeached Article 61
23. In India, the President is elected by Single Transferable Vote
24. The first woman to become the Prime Minister of a country Sirimavo
Bhandharnaike
25. The Father of Indian economic reform - Manmohan Singh

Important Science Fact For Railway Exam


1. Speed of light is maximum in vacuum.
2. Longitudinal waves cant be polarized.
3. Rainbow are always formed in direction opposite to the sun.
4. The frequency of visible light varies between 400 nm to 700 nm.
5. Colour blindness was first discovered by Homer (1976).
6. Focal distance of tens is maximum for red light and minimum for violet fight
7. 3-D Image is known as hologram.
8. If a transparent material is invisible in any liquid, then both of them have the
same refractive index.
9. Magnifying glass is convex lens of small focal lengths- If two mirrors are at an
angle of 75 then the number of images is 5.
10.Human eyes have convex lens.
11.Raman Effect is related to scattering.
12.Optical fibers works on the principle of total internal reflection.
13.Hypo or radium thiosulphate is used for fusing in photography.
14.Power of sunglass is zero.
15.Heat energy are transmitted as infra-red rays.

16.The first use of telescope for research was by Galeleo Galilie of Italy in 1609.
17.Power measures the degree of divergence or convergence and is mea-sured in
diopetres.
18.Negative sign denotes divergence or a concave lens. v Positive sign is for
convergence or a convex lens.
19.Air bubble in water behaves as concave lens.
20.As temperature of medium increases, its refractive index increase.
21.Refractive index of a material is independent of angle of incidence.
22.Ammonia is used as a coolant in refrigerator.
23.100C = 212,F = 373, K=80R
24.Bolometer is used for detection of infra-red rays.
25.Specific heat of water is 1.0 calorie/gm-C.

Important Science Fact For Railway Exam


1- Helium has the lowest boiling point of any element.
2- Osmium is the densest element.
3- Tungsten has the highest boiling point of all the elements. Hence, it is used for
filaments in electric
4- Cesium is used in atomic clocks.
5- Pure silicon is a semi-conductor and is used in electronic devices as the base for
minute integrated circuits (ICs).
6- Mercury is the only metal which is liquid at room temperature. It is very
poisonous and affects mental
7- 1 meter distance is equal to the length of 1,650,763.73 wavelength of pure
orange lights emitted from Kr-86.
8- If a body is dropped vertically down, and another is projected horizon-tally then
both will reach the ground simultaneously but with different velocity.
9- The ratio to distance traveled in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd seconds of freely falling body
is 1:3:5.

10- The ratio of maximum height reached by different bodies projected up-wards
with different velocity is equal to
11- If a body is dropped from top of a tower of height h and another body is
thrown up simultaneously with velocity u from the foot of the tower, then both of
them would meet after
time h/u.
12- Choke coil works on principle of electro-magnetic induction.
13- If a person projected a ball outside from a moving car, then the path of the ball
is a straight line for the person sitting in the car, but It should be a parabola for an
observer on the ground.
14- Retro-rocket is used for deceleration of rocket in space.
15- The shape of rain drop is spherical due to surface tension.
16- Goniometer is used in determining angle of
17- Lactometer is used to determining purity of milk.
18- The height of mercury column in barometer is independent of the di-ameter of
glass-tube containing
19- The frequency of second pendulum is 2s.
20- Clouds are flying due to their least density and viscosity of air.
21- Viscosity of gases increases with increase in temperature.
22- The force of attraction between atoms of the same material is called cohesive
force.
23- The force of attraction between atoms of different material is called adhesive
force
24- Candalescent of tube-light is always greater than that of electric bulb of the
same power
25- 1 KW = 1.34 HP
Important Science Fact For Railway Exam
1-Tritium is radioactive isotopes of Hydrogen.
2-Tuning of radio is an example of resonance.
3-Cobalt-60 is used in Leukemia treatment
4-Cybernetics is study of communication between human and machine.

5-The filament of Halogen lamp is made of tungsten-iodine mixture.


6-Ceramic is used in Super-conductivity.
7-A transformer which increases the applied e.m.f. of an alternating cur-rent is
called Step-up transformer.
8-Transformer, which decreases applied e.m.f. of alternating current is called stepdown transformer.
9-A device which convert mechanical energy into electric energy is called dynamo.
However, if it produces a fairly large amount of power, it is called Generator.
10-Generator is based on the principle of electromagnetic induction. In generator,
armature consists of laminated soft iron core, from the centre of which passes a
steel axle.
11-Slip sings of generator are made of gun metal.
12-Brushes of generator are made out of carbon or gun metal.
13-Coulumb is the unit of electric charge (coulumb = ampere/second).
14-1 coulumb = 6.25
15-Magnetic effect of electric current was discovered by Weston.
16-Ammeter is used in DC as well as in AC.
17-Resistance of Ammeter is very low.
18-Resistance of Voltmeter is very high.
19-Volmeter measures potential difference between two points.
20-A parallel combination of a galvanometer and a small resistance is equivalent to
an ammeter.
21-A series combination of a galvanometer and a high resistance is equivalent to a
voltmeter.
22-Ammeter is always connected in series while voltmeter is always con-nected in
parallel.
23-Electron volt is the unit of energy.
24-Watt is the unit of electric power, watt = volt x ampere =Kilowatt hour (KWH)
is also the unit of electric power 1 KWH = 3.6 x J
25-The resistance of low power (watt) bulb is high-

Solved Question paper of Railway Exam 2015 (Very Important for RRB NTPC 2016)

1. When was the first underground railway (Metro Railway) started?


Ans: 1984
2. Shatabdi Express train was started in
Ans : 1988
3. At which of the following places Diesel Component Works is established?
Ans: Patiala
4. Which Zone is the largest in Indian Railways?
Ans : Eastern Railway
5. The railway station situated in the extreme south is
Ans: Kanyakumari
6. A platform surrounded by rail lines from all the four sides, is called
Ans : island platform
7. When was the nationalization of Indian Railways done?
Ans : 1950
8. In which year Research, Design and Standard organization was established?
Ans: 1957
9. Railway Staff College is situated at
Ans : Vadodara
10. Where is the Research, Design and Standard Organisation situated?
Ans: Lucknow
11. Which is the following pairs of regional Railways and their headquarters not true?
Ans : Central railway - Bhopal
12. Between which of the destinations the first Indian train was started?
Ans : From Mumbai to Thane
13. When was the first train in Indian started?
Ans : 1853
14. In which Governor-Generals reign railway lines in India were established?
Ans : Lord Dalhousie
15. A station where the rail lines end, is called
Ans : terminal station
16. How much distance was traveled by first train of India?
Ans : 34 km
17. What is the position of the Indian Railway in the world according to the length of rail lines?
Ans : Fourth
18. What is the length of North-Eastern Frontier Railway (NEFR)?
Ans : 3700 Km
19. The headquarters of North-Eastern railway is situated at
Ans : Gorakhpur
20. When was the North-Eastern frontier Railway (NEFR) established?
Ans : 15th Jan, 1958
21. The headquarters of North -Eastern Frontier Railway (NEFR) is
Ans : Maligaon (Guwahati)
22. In which of the following cities, the first sub-way train was started?
Ans : Calcutta
23. General Manger is responsible for
Ans : Railway Board
24. The headquarters of South-Central Railways is situated at
Ans : Secundrabad
25. The headquarters of Northern Railway is at
Ans : New Delhi
26. The headquarters of South Railways is situated at
Ans : Chennai

27. In which institution the training of electric work is being given?


Ans : Indian Railways Institute of Electrical Engineering
28. Who invented the railway engine?
Ans : George Stephenson
29. Where is the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Insttitue
situated?
Ans : Jamalpur
30. Metro Railway is functioning in which of the following Indian States?
Ans : West Bengal
31.The zone with the minimum length is
Ans : North-Eastern Frontier Railway
32. Where is the Indian Railways Institute of Civil Engineering Institute situated?
Ans : Pune
33. How many training institutions of Railways are in India?
Ans : Five
34. What is the position of the Indian Railway under the zonal system?
Ans : Second
35. Which of the gauges is used in the hilly areas?
Ans : Narrow gauge
36. Where is the extreme north of India a railway station?
Ans : Jammutavi
37. How many institutions do give suggestions for railways technology?
Ans : Two
38. Diesel Locomotive Works is situated at
Ans : Varanasi
39. The manufacturing of steam engine in Chittranjan Locomotive Works was stopped in
Ans : 1971
40. The passenger bogies of the Indian Railways are manufactured at which of the following
places?
Ans : Perambur
41. Indian Railways which is the largest of the Public Sector Enterprises, is divided in how many
regions?
Ans : 9
42. Besides Mahrashtra, Karnataka and Goa, which of the following is the fourth State for
Konakan Railway Project?
Ans : Kerala
43. Palace On Wheels train was inaugurated in which year?
Ans : 1982
44. When was the Central Railway established?
Ans : 5th Nov 1951
45. Rajasthan is under which of the following railway zones?
Ans : Western region
46. The largest national enterprise of India is
Ans : Indian Railway
47. The first locomotive which was manufactured in Chittaranjan on
Ans : November 1950
48. Where is the wheel and axle plant of Indian Railways situated?
Ans : Bangalore
49. When was the Jammu City appeared on the map of Indian Railway?
Ans : 1965
50. Where is the headquarters of Central Railway situated?
Ans : Mumbai (V.T)

IMPORTANT AGE LIMITS BY INDIAN CONSTITUTION

65 years upper age limit for appointment as a


judge of Supreme Court (Article 124)
Attorney General ( Article 76 (1))
Comptroller General ( Article 148)
member of Public Service Commission ( Articles 315 to 323 of Part XII
62 years upper age limit for appointment as a
judge of High court ( Article 141)
Advocate General ( Article 165)
member of State Commission
35 years minimum age for election to the post of
President( Article 52)
Vice-President ( Article 63)
Governor ( for each state) Articles 153 of the Constitution of India)...
30 year minimum age for election of
MP (Rajya Sabha)
MLC
25 years minimum age for election of
MP (Lok Sabha)
MLA
21 years minimum marriageable age for a male
18 years minimum marriageable age for a female.
14 years minimum age limit for employment in a factory
For 6 to 14 years of age education has been made a fundamental right Part III

1) The territory of Porus who offered strong resistance to Alexander was situated between the
rivers of?
Ans: Jhelum and Chenab.
2) The Battle of Plassey was fought in?
Ans: 1757.
3)Under Akbar, the Mir Bakshi was required to look after?
Ans: military affairs.
4) Tripitakas are sacred books of?
Ans: Buddhists.
5) The trident-shaped symbol of Buddhism does not represent?
Ans: Nirvana.
6) The theory of economic drain of India during British imperialism was propounded by?
Ans: Dadabhai Naoroji.
7) The treaty of Srirangapatna was signed between Tipu Sultan and ?
Ans:Cornwallis.
8) The system of competitive examination for civil service was accepted in principle in the year ?
Ans:1853.
9) Through which one of the following, the king exercised his control over villages in the

Vijayanagar Empire?
Ans:Mahanayakacharya
10) The Vijayanagara ruler, Kirshnadev Raya's work Amuktamalyada, was in?
Ans: Telugu.
11) Under an agreement with which of the following countries did Subhas Chandra Bose
organize the Indian soldiers, taken as prisoners by the Axis Powers, into the Azad Hind Fauj?
Ans:Japan
12) We hear of two envoys being sent to the Roman kings, one in 27-28 AD to the court of
Augustus and the other in 110-20 AD to the court of?
Ans: Trajan
13) The use of Kharoshti in ancient Indian architecture is the result of India's contact with?
Ans:Greece
14) Vaikhanasa the five-fold conception of Vishnu consists of
a)brahman
b)purusha
c)prakriti
d)satya
e)achyuta
f)aniruddha
Ans:a,c,d,e and f.
15) The troops raised by the emperor but not paid directly the state and place under the charge of
mansabadars were know as?
Ans:Dakhili
16) The treaty of Mangalore was signed between?
Ans:the English East India Company and Tipu Sultan
17) To conquer and annex Peshawar and Punjab, Mahmud of Ghazni defeated?
Ans:Hindushahis
18) To which professions earlier leaders who struggled for freedom of India mainly belonged?
Ans: Lawers,Teachers and Journalist
19) The victories of Karikala are well portrayed in?
Ans:Pattinappalai
20) Todar Mal was associated with?
Ans:land revenue reforms
21) The title of 'Viceroy' was added to the office of the Governor-General of India for the first
time in?
Ans:1858 AD
22) To which of the following dynasties did King Bhoja, a great patron of literature and art,
belong?
Ans:Paramara